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Regulating Transformer Unit

Operation, Instruction & Maintenance Manual

Serial No BL2277/1

Customer : FIC (UK) Ltd

Purchase Order No : 7384 10082-120

1-off, 600kVA, 13200/50-145V, 3/3x1 phase, 50Hz,


Voltage Regulating Transformer Unit
Type : RDOM 910/13

Argentina

The information in this Manual is subject to revision without notice.

Transformers & Rectifiers Limited


15 - 16 Woodbridge Meadows
Guildford
Surrey
GU1 1BJ

Telephone No : +44 (0) 1483 568281


Facsimile No : +44 (0) 1483 504961
Email : sales@transformers.co.uk
Website : www.transformers.co.uk

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INDEX

Page

1. Company Particulars 1

2. General Information 2-3

3. Technical Data / Description 4-6

4. Health & Safety 7-8

5. T&R Customer Services 9

6. Installation 10

7. Commissioning 12

8. Operation 13 - 14

9. Maintenance 15 - 16

10. Oil Maintenance 17 - 20

11. Midel Maintenance 21 - 22

12. Notes 23

Transformer/Regulator Test Certificates

Drawings

Supplementary Information:-
Regulator Servicing Manual M1/02
Desiccant Breather Type HBP & HBP/2
Desiccant Breather Type HB
Gas & Oil Relay Type BS25 & 50HLO
Oil Temperature Indicator Type A200

Product & Safety Data Sheets:-


Nynas Libra Transformer Oil
Midel 7131
Silica Gel C

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Page 1
1. COMPANY PARTICULARS

Address : Transformers & Rectifiers Limited


15 - 16 Woodbridge Meadows
Guildford
Surrey
GU1 1BJ

Telephone No : Guildford +44 (0)1483 568281

Fax No : Guildford +44 (0)1483 504961

Email : sales@transformers.co.uk

service@transformers.co.uk

Website : www.transformers.co.uk

Contact Names : Michael Coleman - Contracts Manager

Peter Roberts - Service Manager

Working Hours : Monday to Thursday - 09.00 to 13.00 hrs.

13.30 to 17.00 hrs.

Friday - 09.00 to 15.00 hrs.

Quality : Quality Assurance Requirements assessed by EAQA and comply


with BS EN ISO 9001 : 2000, Certificate No 291.

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Page 2
2. GENERAL INFORMATION

This Manual should always be followed and no deviations made. If any changes are
deemed necessary, they should be defined through the correct procedures as agreed with the
client and Transformers & Rectifiers Ltd as appropriate.

Customer : FIC (UK) Limited


Long Rock Industrial Estate
Penzance
Cornwall
TR20 8HX

Customers Order No : 7384 10082-120

Dated : 12 March 2008

Destination : Argentina

Specification : BS EN 60076 - where applicable.

Equipment Type : RDOM1210/10

Application : Glass Furnace

Quantity : 1

Serial No : BL2277/1
(Please quote on all correspondence relating to this Unit).

AC Input : 13200V, 3 phase, 50Hz.

Max full load current : 10.2 - 27.4A.

Auxiliary Supply: 220/240V, 1 phase, 50/60Hz.

AC Output : 3 x Single phase outputs.


50 - 127.4 - 145V, 50Hz (1570 - 1570 - 1379.3A).

Max. kVA : 200kVA at 127.4 - 145V.

Rating : 24 hours continuous without overload.

Cooling : Transformer Unit - ONAN - (Mineral Oil to BS148/IEC 296)


Regulator Unit - KNAN - (Midel 7131 Synthetic Fluid).

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Page 3
GENERAL INFORMATION (cont.)

Paint Finish : Dark Grey, semi-gloss to shade 632 of BS381C.

Location : Indoor

Ambient Temp : Suitable for use in air temperatures of:-


Maximum +40°C
Average in any one day +30°C
Average in any one year +20°C
Minimum -25°C

Altitude : Less than 1000 metres above sea level.

Seismic Qualification : Not applicable.

Drawings : Outline Transformer Unit T18/Y5638


Outline Regulator Unit T18/X5637
Diagram / Rating Plate T20/W951
Marshalling Box Diagram (Transf) T19/V2245
Control Diagram (Reg) T19/V2592

Overall Dimensions : Transformer Unit :


Length : 2000mm
Width : 1800mm
Height : 3320mm
Voltage Reg Unit :
Length : 1540mm
Width : 1340mm
Height : 2830mm

Untanking Weights : Transformer : 2250kg


Regulator : 670kg
Balancers : 50kg

Total Weights : Transformer : 5300kg


Regulator : 2450kg

Fluid Quantities : Transformer : 1710L (1490kg)


Regulator : 740L (730kg).

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Page 4
3. TECHNICAL DATA / DESCRIPTION

The equipment consists of two sections, each contained within its own liquid filled tank:-

a) Voltage Regulating Transformer (T1), Type RDOAM 180/±530/530. Midel


filled.
b) Transformer Unit containing the Main Transformer (T2), Type DO 670/13
and the Buck/Boost Transformer (T3), Type DO 240/05. Oil filled.

Please refer to the Certified Outline, Diagram / Rating Plate and Circuit Diagram drawings.

Each tank is provided with the following fittings:-

a) VOLTAGE REGULATING TRANSFORMER


Regulator interconnection terminal housing with undrilled gland plate,
Motor Box (with hand-wheel for emergency/manual operation),
Fluid Temperature Indicator with max. pointer, alarm & trip c/o contacts,
Desiccant Breather, Fluid Level Indicator, Cooling Radiator, Thermometer Pocket,
Drain Valve with plug, Rating Plate, Earth Terminal, Tank & Cover Lifts,
Bi-directional Rollers, 125mm dia.

b) TRANSFORMER UNIT
Input Cable Box, 3 pole, 24kV fully-insulated, air filled with bottom undrilled gland
plate and for use with heat shrink termination kit (not supplied),
Output busbars, 6 - 63 x 12mm copper bars each with 4-off 15mm dia holes,
Transformer interconnection terminal housing with undrilled gland plate,
Marshalling Box, Conservator Tank, Buchholz Gas & Oil Relay, Isolating Valve,
Fluid Level Indicator, Filler Cap, Cooling Radiators, Desiccant Breather, Fluid
Temperature Indicator with max. pointer, alarm & trip c/o contacts, 1" BSP Drain
Valve, Diagram / Rating Plate, M12 Earth Terminal, Tank & Cover Lifts, Jacking
Lugs, Bi-directional Skid Type Underbase with 200mm dia. Rollers.

Voltage Regulating Transformer - T1

The Voltage Regulating Transformer is a three phase, oil immersed, naturally air cooled,
auto wound transformer comprising three coils on a three limb core.

The Regulator is the moving contact type, i.e. a continuously tapped auto-transformer,
where special carbon roller contact units move over bare sections of the copper windings to
tap off the output voltage. This particular design has bare copper tracks and contact carrier
board assemblies on both sides of the coils, i.e. double sided. A heavy duty motor/chain
drive system is arranged such that when the carrier on one side of each regulator is raised,
the carrier on the other side of each regulator is lowered.

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Page 5
TECHNICAL DATA / DESCRIPTION (cont.)

The output voltages can thus be varied from a maximum of one polarity through zero
(rollers at the mid-point of the coils) to the same maximum value, but opposite polarity at
the other end.

Raise and Lower Limit Switches (RLS and LLS) are fitted to break the motor circuit when
the end of travel is reached in each direction.

Main Transformer - T2

This is a three phase, oil immersed, naturally air cooled, double wound Transformer based
on a three limb core type construction. There are three windings as follows:-

Primary : Delta connected and fed from the Unit Input supply.

Tertiary : Delta connected and feeds the Input of the Regulating Transformer (T1).
This winding will be earthed to provide a screen between the primary and
secondary windings.

Secondary : In series with the secondary windings of the Buck/Boost Transformer (T3)
to produce the Unit Output.

Buck/Boost Transformer - T3

This is a three phase, oil immersed, naturally air cooled, double wound transformer based
on a three limb core type construction. The primary winding is connected to the output of
the Regulating Transformer (T1) and the secondary is connected in series with the
secondary winding of the Main Transformer (T2), as stated above.

Transformer & Regulator Combination

As previously described, the Regulator output and hence the Buck/Boost Transformer
primary voltage can be made to vary from a maximum of one polarity through zero to a
maximum of the opposite polarity. Due to the series connection of the secondary windings
of the Buck/Boost Transformer and the Main Transformer secondary windings, the Unit
output voltage can be increased or decreased, depending on the position of the Regulator.

Desiccant Breathers

The Desiccant Breathers consist of a top and bottom moulding, into which a refillable
desiccant container is permanently sealed. The bottom moulding houses inlet and outlet
relief valves. The desiccant is beaded, orange to yellow indicating silica-gel.

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Page 6
TECHNICAL DATA / DESCRIPTION (cont.)

Conservator

A Conservator is fitted to the Transformer section of the unit to allow for oil expansion and
to limit the amount of oil in contact with air. It is connected to the tank via a Shut-Off
Valve and a Buchholz Gas and Oil Relay.

The Conservator is fitted with a Filler Cap, pipe connection for the Breather and a Drain
Valve for the sump, to enable any contaminated oil to be drawn off.

Before removing oil from the Conservator, it must be vented either by removing the Filler
Cap or Breather to avoid contamination of the breather charge.

Buchholz Gas and Oil Relay

The Buchholz Gas and Oil Relay is mounted in the oil feed pipe from the Conservator to
the tank, with a Shut-off Valve on the tank side. It is fitted with 2 change-over contacts
(c/o), one for Alarm and one for Trip.

Fluid Temperature Indicators


Fluid Temperature Indicators are fitted to each to measure the temperature of the top fluid
and is provided with two sets of change-over contacts (c/o), one for Alarm and one for Trip
which are terminated in the Marshalling Box.

The Indicators are pre-set at the factory with the switch settings shown on the Test
Certificate.

Motor Box

This is mounted on one side of the Regulator and contains a reversing single phase,
capacitor type, drive Motor (M) & associated Capacitor (C). An emergency hand-wheel for
manual operation is located on the outside of the Motor Box which has to be pushed in and
turned clockwise to disengage the motor before the handwheel can be used.

Limit Switches

Lower and Raise Limit Switches (LLS and RLS) are fitted to interrupt the motor circuit at
either end of travel.

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Page 7
4. HEALTH AND SAFETY

The following documents may be referred to:-

The Health and Safety at Work etc. Act 1974.


The Electricity at Work Regulations 1989.
The Memorandum of Guidance on the Electricity at Work Regulations 1989.
The Supply of Machinery (Safety) (Amendment) Regulations 1994.
The Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994.
The Provision and Use of Work equipment Regulations 1994.
The Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1992.
Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998.
IEE Regulations of Electrical Equipment in Buildings.
IEC 364 : Electrical Installations in Buildings.
IEC 76 : Power Transformers.
BS 171 : Power Transformers.
BS EN 60076 : Power Transformers.
HD 637 S1 : Power Installations exceeding 1kV AC.

We would in particular, stress the importance of care when considering:-

Site selection and design, embodying features which provide adequate ventilation,
protection and security and which have taken account of the appropriate fire,
moisture and explosion hazards.
Jointing & Earthing.
Selection and setting of electrical protection in primary and secondary, against
overload, over-voltage and short-circuit.
Avoiding excess operating temperatures.
Performing regular inspection for electrical and mechanical maintenance.

***
It is essential for the user to protect personnel from electric shock - access to live terminals
must be prevented.

Prior to any work being carried out, the Transformer should be isolated from the supply and
safeguards introduced to prevent inadvertent energisation during the work period. No
person should be permitted in the immediate vicinity of the Transformer whilst the unit is
energised.

Transformer insulating fluid presents no particular hazard to health, providing any part of
the body which comes into contact with the fluid is washed thoroughly without any
unnecessary delay. Dermatitis or other skin disorders may result if there is serious neglect.
Please refer to enclosed Product & Safety Data Sheets.

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Page 8
HEALTH AND SAFETY (cont.)

Suitable fire fighting equipment e.g. CO2, should be provided for emergency use.

The unit must be operated within the design limits agreed between the Manufacturer and
the Customer.

The total weight of the unit is shown on the relevant Outline drawing and displayed on the
Rating Plate. Before attempting any lift, check that the lifting equipment is adequate for
the purpose.

Working on the Transformer

A 'Permit to Work' should be obtained prior to carrying out any work on the Transformer
and associated equipment.

Switch Off the Transformer by tripping the associated HV circuit breaker or, opening the
HV switch disconnector. Earth down the HV incoming cable connections and LV busbar
connections. The Transformer is now in a safe condition to carry out required work.

Input Cable Box

The input supply of 13200V, 3 phase, 50Hz is fed to the unit via the Input Cable Box and
hence the bolted cover should never be removed unless the supply is dead and isolated
elsewhere.

The supply cable armour must be earthed.

The Input supply cable(s) will require the use of a heat shrink termination when fitting to
the bushings in the Cable Box.

Regulating Transformer

Drive Mechanism - This consists of a slow speed motor and chain system and care
should be taken when performing any work within the Drive
Housing. The enclosure containing the motor drive is electrically
interlocked to prevent personnel from coming into contact with a
revolving hand-wheel when the door is opened.

Supply - 220/240V, 1 phase, 50/60Hz.

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Page 9
5. T&R CUSTOMER SERVICES

The Service Department of Transformers & Rectifiers Ltd are staffed with fully trained
Engineers and Technicians who are able to provide on-site maintenance and technical
support.

We will be pleased to assist with the following after sales activities:-

Preventative Maintenance including Service Contracts


Spares
Emergency Breakdown Service
Repairs
Refurbishment, Upgrades and Modifications
Electrical Testing and Commissioning.

For further details of any of these services, please contact our Service Manager.

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Page 10
6. INSTALLATION

The Transformer and Regulator should be off-loaded (by crane) using all the main lifting
points provided (painted yellow). When using chains or slings, the inside angle formed by
the chains / slings should not be greater than 60°. The chains or slings should be certified
and capable of lifting the weight shown on the Rating Plate.

A Fork Lift Truck should not be used.

The most vulnerable part of the Transformer/Regulator are the cooling radiators and care
should be taken when moving/handling the equipment.

On arrival at site, thoroughly inspect for transport damage including separate packed items.

ANY DEFECTS OR DAMAGED EQUIPMENT SHOULD BE REPORTED


IMMEDIATELY TO TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LIMITED.

Any damage should be detailed on the Delivery Note and signed.

***

The Transformer is designed for service at the rated loading under all normal climatic
conditions, providing the following recommendations are complied with.

1. Check for fluid leaks ensuring all gaskets are secure and uniformly tightened.

2. Check the cold fluid level agrees with the level mark on the gauge at 15°C. Should
any 'topping-up' be required, a compatible fluid must be used.

3. The Transformer should be mounted on a flat and level, pre-prepared concrete base
or structure, of sufficient size and depth to accommodate the weight of the
Transformer. Ventilation provided for the Transformer must dissipate the heat
generated by the Transformer's total losses when in operation.

4. Remove caps from breather pipes prior to service or storage and where applicable,
fit the Desiccant Breathers in accordance with the instructions supplied contained
within the packaging (the Desiccant Breathers are normally stored in one of the
cable boxes during shipment). It is important that even during an idle (storage)
period, the Breathers are fitted.

5. Fit any other items which may have been supplied separately in accordance with the
instructions provided and remove any items fitted for transportation purposes, e.g.
radiator securing straps.

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Page 11
INSTALLATION (cont.)

6. Check the shut-off valve in the pipework between the Gas & Fluid Relay and the
Conservator is in the open position before the Transformer is energised

The Gas & Fluid Relay should be bled of any air that may have become trapped
inside during transportation (the chamber viewed through the sight glass should be
full of oil). This can be done by opening the top petcock on the Relay and closing
as soon as the air is dissipated.

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Page 12
7. COMMISSIONING

Before energising:-

1. The units must be connected to a satisfactory Earth. Earth pads/terminals are


provided for this purpose at ground level - their position is shown on the Outline
drawing. Please refer to BS 7430:1998, Code of Practice for Earthing.

2. (i) Connect suitably rated interconnection cables between the Transformer and
the Regulator Units with reference to the Rating / Diagram Plate.

(ii) Connect auxiliary cables with reference to the Control Diagrams.

(iii) Connect the power cables with reference to the Rating / Diagram Plate.

Care should be taken to avoid disturbance of bushings or bushing stems when


securing the cable connections. Apart from the obvious danger of fracturing the
insulator and causing a leak, it is possible to disturb the mountings unless the
terminals are handled gently but firmly.

3. The Fluid Temperature Indicators are pre-set at the factory and do not require any
further adjustment. Check the Fluid Temperature Indicators are reading the ambient
temperature (the temperature readings should increase once the equipment is
energised).

4. The Buchholz Gas & Oil Relays should be tested for efficiency in accordance with
the instructions detailed in Supplementary Information section of this Manual
(Buchholz Gas & Oil Relay).

5. Remove the earth link from the Main Transformer (T2) tertiary.

Measure and record the insulation resistance between the input / output / tertiary
windings and each to earth with a 1000V DC Insulation Tester (Megger).

The readings should be greater than 1000MOhms except between the tertiary and
earth, where a reading in excess of 100MOhms is acceptable.

Note : Should the results be well below the recommended values, check for
dampness, damaged porcelains and foreign bodies.

Remove all test leads and replace the earth link.

6. Sampling and testing of oil - refer to Oil Maintenance.

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Page 13
8. OPERATION

Energising the Equipment

Please refer to the Circuit Diagram for the Unit.

The following starting conditions are assumed:-

1. All power and control connections are made and correct.

2. The supply is LIVE up to the system HV Circuit Breaker but is OPEN.

3. The auxiliary supply is connected.

4. The Regulator is in the minimum position and the hand-wheel is set to motor drive
engaged.

Raise & Lower Circuitry

Under the above circumstances, the drive motor is ready for use. Energising terminals 'C'
(Common) & 'R' (Raise) will raise the Regulator and energising 'C' & 'L' (Lower), will
lower the Regulator.

Note : The external Raise/Lower circuitry should be cross connected as shown on the
Control Diagram to ensure they cannot be energised at the same time.

Minimum Position Indication

When the Regulator reaches minimum position, Indication Limit Switch (ILS1) will
operate as shown on the Control Diagram. This circuitry can be used for indication and
also to interlock the input HV Circuit Breaker such that it cannot be closed until the
Regulator is in the minimum position.

Output Control

With the Regulator in minimum, the input HV Circuit Breaker can be closed and the output
will be alive at minimum voltage. The output can now be raised and adjusted as required.

End of Travel Limit Switches

When the Regulator reaches minimum or maximum position, the appropriate Limit
Switches (LLS or RLS) will operate to disconnect the supply to the motor.

The Regulator frame is also fitted with end of travel mechanical stops.

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Page 14
OPERATION (cont.)

Maximum Position Indication

When the Regulator reached maximum position, Indication Limit Switch (ILS2) will
operate as shown on the Control Diagram. This circuitry can be used for indication.

Emergency Handwheel Operation

If the motor is inoperative, the hand-wheel on the Motor Box can be used to control the
output manually. First push in hand-wheel, turn clockwise and release to disengage the
motor drive. The hand-wheel can then be turned in either direction to achieve the required
voltage.

Care should be taken not to exceed the Full Load Current or power rating.

Operation without Regulator

If the Regulator is inoperative, the Transformer can be used with a number of fixed outputs
which can be selected by changing links within the Transformer Interconnection Terminal
Chamber. Please refer to table on the Diagram & Rating Plate fitted to the transformer unit
for details of the voltages available.

Buchholz Gas & Oil Relay

During transit and sometimes when the Unit is energised for the first time, small amounts
of air may collect in the Relay chamber. Check the viewing window and if it is not
completely full of oil inside, bleed the air through the bleeder valve provided.

The Buchholz Gas & Oil Relay will detect an incipient fault and operate the Alarm circuit.
If a major fault occurs, the Trip circuit will operate and trip the input HV Circuit Breaker.

Fluid Temperature Indicators

If the temperature of the fluid in each tank rises above normal, the Alarm circuit will
operate at a pre-set level and if it continues to rise, the Trip circuit will also operate.

Initial Observations

Check the fluid temperatures of both Regulator and Transformer sections at convenient
intervals and also examine the tanks for leaks.

If possible during the early stages of operation, a daily visual inspection may be carried out
to check the oil temperatures and levels.

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Page 15
9. MAINTENANCE

Apart from the Regulator, only minimal maintenance is required, however, it is necessary
to ensure that dust or any other foreign material does not collect in the equipment, as this
may lead to malfunction.
DURING MAINTENANCE, THE EQUIPMENT SHOULD BE ISOLATED.
Regulator - Please refer to the attached Manual M1/02.
Carbon Roller Contact Assemblies - These require regular inspection for wear and
movement and these should be replaced where necessary. The frequency of inspection
depends on the type of service and the number and duration of operations of the
mechanism. The first inspection should be carried out within the first year of service and
the condition of the contacts can be used as a guide to the frequency of future inspections.
Auxiliary Relays - These should be inspected periodically for contact burn, pitting, etc.
and replaced with the same type as required.
Fuses - During use, any fuse operation will be self evident. If the fuse has operated, the
cause should be identified and corrected. If a new fuse is required, the replacement fuse
should be the same type and rating.
The following maintenance operations should be carried out at intervals dependant on the
loading of the Unit and the environmental conditions. Initially, we would recommend an
interval of every 6 months unless otherwise stated or site conditions warrant a more
frequent check, thereafter, a minimum of every 12 months.
Paintwork - Inspect all surfaces for corrosion and / or damage. Remove any trace of rust
and repaint with primer, undercoat and matching top coat.
Cleaning - Remove dust and foreign materials from inside the Control and Switchgear
Cubicles paying particular attention to the ventilation panels. Use a vacuum cleaner with a
rubber nozzle and a soft brush.
Porcelain Insulators and Connections - Clean and critically examine each porcelain for
fractures. An existing crack, visible perhaps by only the dust or oil line it causes, can
extend to a dangerous degree when the Transformer is energised.
External connections should be checked for tightness and discoloration at the joint.
Discoloration would indicate a 'hot' joint. Doubtful connections should be cleaned and
re-made - extensive discoloration should be investigated immediately.
Flanged Joints - Always tighten flanges progressively around the joint taking care not to
over tighten at any one point. Trace oil leaks and keep joints tight.
NB A good guide for fitting or maintaining gasket pressure is by ensuring the gasket is
uniformly compressed to approx 75% of the original thickness. Always have replacement
gaskets available.

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Page 16
MAINTENANCE (cont.)

Instruments - Check for damage and the integrity of the alarm wiring.
Valves, Air Release Cocks and Plugs - Check condition and operation.
Cabling and Electrical Checks - Check all cabling to and from the Unit is free from
mechanical damage and / or hindrance. Measure and record the insulation resistance
between the winding terminals and to earth with a 1000V Insulation Tester (Megger).
Measure and record the temperature of the Transformer. Measurements on a cold
Transformer are not necessarily a good guide to its condition.
Desiccant Breathers - Check condition of desiccant at least every 6 months. If the colour
has changed from orange to yellow in the lower half of the breather, the desiccant should be
replaced or reactivated.
Oil Level - Check the cold oil level on the gauge at 15°C. Add the appropriate fluid as
necessary
Oil Sampling - Oil samples should be taken and tested on a regular basis. Records should
be kept to indicate any downward trend in oil quality - refer to Oil Maintenance.

SUMMARY
Daily (initially) Check for oil leaks and temperature indication.
6 Monthly In addition to Daily ...
Check condition of Breather.
Check condition of Fuses.
Take oil sample for examination & test (after first 6 months only)
12 Monthly In addition to 6 Monthly ...
Check condition of paintwork and valves.
Check and clean terminals.
Check operation and condition of Relays.
Check securing bolts etc. for tightness.
Check cables, instruments and electrical tests.
Check oil level.
Check roller contact assemblies for wear and movement.

REPAIRS
If any repairs are necessary, please contact Transformers & Rectifiers Ltd immediately.
Please provide the Rating Plate information and in particular, the equipment Serial No to
assist with identification.
If a fault occurs, a detailed report of the problem including all known conditions at the time
of the fault should be provided to allow an informed response to be made.

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Page 17
10. OIL MAINTENANCE

The cost of a Transformer is high, but monitoring its performance via the oil is inexpensive
compared to the costs of a failure and the costs of an interruption in power supplies.
Detailed guidance on oil maintenance and testing can be obtained from IEC475 Standard.

Oil deteriorates in service (a) when the operating temperature is high and (b) when
contaminated by moisture. A combination of both conditions results in rapid deterioration,
and therefore, the equipment must be efficiently ventilated and operated in accordance with
the appropriate guidelines. The oil carries information about the condition of the
equipment and analysing the oil in service can give early warnings about paper degradation,
hot spots, electrical faults and problems with moving parts.

Records of periodical sampling should be kept and oil should be changed immediately it
becomes necessary.

Oil Sampling

To ensure that the sample is representative of the oil in the equipment, strict routines have
to be followed when performing the sampling. Before samples are taken, the sampling /
drain valve must be thoroughly cleaned with dry, fibre-free material and a small quantity of
oil drawn off to clear foreign matter.

Thoroughly clean and dry a 1 litre sample bottle using a fibre-free material. Half fill the
bottle with oil from the sampling / drain valve, rinse and empty. Fill the bottle, letting the
oil flow down the side of the container to prevent air from being mixed and trapped in the
oil. Because the container should be filled to 100% of its capacity, glass bottles are less
suitable since a small air volume has to be left for expansion. Secure the top with a clean
cap and label clearly. Store in a dark place or in a suitable box. The sample should be
examined and the relevant details recorded.

Colour and Appearance

The general appearance of the oil should be observed for colour, signs of suspended matter
and odour. A greenish appearance indicates the presence of copper soaps in which
circumstances rapid deterioration is likely. Suspended matter may be due to the presence
of moisture or iron oxide. If an unusual odour is detected this may be either of an acrid
acid nature or similar to petrol or acetylene. The former condition may be a symptom of
volatile acids in the oil, whilst the latter may signify a low flash point which could result
from a fault within the unit.

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Page 18
OIL MAINTENANCE (cont.)

Oil Sample Testing

Following inspection, the oil sample can be tested for electrical strength, water content,
neutralisation value of the acid content, dielectric dissipation factor and/or DC-resistivity
and interfacial tension.

Electric Strength - The electric strength of the oil is considerably reduced by the
presence of moisture or fibres and in particular a combination of
both. It is particularly important to check before starting-up a new
unit and also when the oil and paper insulation starts to deteriorate,
as the deterioration process generates water and particles. Special
testing equipment is required to test the oil and the electrical strength
should be a minimum of 30kV (average of 6 breakdowns as per
IEC296). If frequent transient sparking occurs, this would suggest
the presence of foreign matter e.g. moisture, fibrous material, carbon
particles, etc. and the oil should be filtered. The electric strength test
should be repeated after filtration.

Water Content - The water content in the oil gives an indication of the water content
in the paper material. Too high a level of water in the oil indicates
that the paper also contains water, and this will affect the ageing of
the paper, i.e. trigger decomposition of the fibres in the paper, which
will lead to irreversible damage that might cause an electrical
breakdown in the unit. Two more things are worth noting: old oil
that has started to oxidise has a higher saturation level for water than
new oil; water is also produced during oxidation both from oil and
paper, which will further accelerate the breakdown of the paper.

Neutralisation Value - The neutralisation value indicates if the oil contains any acidic
material. A high or increasing value indicates that the oil has started
to oxidise. A high value might cause problems with corrosion and
the acid can form soaps with metal ions in the oil and affect
electrical properties. These acids will also increase the solubility of
water in the paper because of their polar structure. These acids also
promote the degradation of the paper (catalytic action).

NOT TO BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT PERMISSION


TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

Page 19
OIL MAINTENANCE (cont.)

Dielectric Dissipation These characteristics are both very sensitive to contaminants and
Factor and/or ageing products. In some oxidation stability tests, the dissipation
DC-resistivity - factor and/or DC-resistivity is measured in the oil after the ageing
test to indicate the ability of the oil to withstand oxidation. These
tests normally give similar indications of impurities, so it is not
necessary to do both tests.

Interfacial Tension - This is a very sensitive analysis and can, in combination with
dielectric dissipation factor, give an early warning signal when the
deterioration of the oil starts.

For further analysis, the sample should be sent to a laboratory. Should the oil sample fail to
meet the required criteria, it should be processed as soon as possible.

Recommended Limits

The recommended oil in service limits for mineral oil based on BS5730:2001 are given
below.

Category 'C' (33 & 11kV) Recommended


Colour max. 2.0
Water Content, ppm max. 30
Interfacial Tension, mN/m min 35
Dielectric Dissipation Factor max. 0.015
Resistivity 90°C, G ohmm min 60
Breakdown Voltage, kV min 30
Acidity, mgKOH/g max. 0.3

Frequency of Testing

Ideally, the oil should be tested during commissioning, after 3 months and every 12 months
thereafter with acidity tests every 24 months. However, with the practise of operating
Transformers at higher average loadings, the experience of the Site Engineer should dictate
the frequency of this procedure - the more arduous the duty, the greater the frequency of
test.

NOT TO BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT PERMISSION


TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

Page 20
OIL MAINTENANCE (cont.)

The following frequency guidelines are from IEC422:-

Property Frequency Recommended Action


Action Limits
Appearance, Not a routine test. To Sediment or free sludge Recondition the oil or
sediment and sludge be done in combination change to new
with other tests
Breakdown voltage After filling, refilling or 30kV Recondition or, if
reconditioning prior to more economical,
energising. Then after replace the oil
12 months, every 6 years
Water content Not a routine analysis Free water at room Check the reason and
temperature consider reconditioning.
If free water, drain off
before reconditioning
starts
Neutralisation value Every 6 years Max. 0.5 mgKOH/g Replace or recondition
Dissipation factor Not a routine test Max. 1.0 Check with T&R
Interfacial tension Every 6 years Min 15mN/m Investigate

Mixing Oil

Providing the two oils comply with the same specification they may be mixed. They
should not, however, be mixed if the quality of the old oil is suspect and it is not usually
regarded as economic to mix new oil with old apart from topping up. Under no
circumstances should any synthetic liquids be mixed with mineral Transformer oil.

Removing Oil

When oil is removed from a Transformer, an explosive mixture may be present and
therefore great care must be taken to avoid risk of fire.

Safety

Avoid naked lights or any other form of ignition. Thoroughly ventilate by removing
handhole covers. Ventilation by blower is essential before entering any tank or
compartment.

In cases of doubt, always consult either Transformers & Rectifiers Limited or the oil
supplier, in particular if contamination is suspect.

NOT TO BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT PERMISSION


TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

Page 21
11. MIDEL MAINTENANCE

The cost of a Transformer is high, but monitoring its performance via the fluid is
inexpensive compared to the costs of a failure and the costs of an interruption in power
supplies.

Midel deteriorates in service (a) when the operating temperature is high and (b) when
contaminated by moisture. A combination of both conditions results in rapid deterioration,
therefore, the equipment must be efficiently ventilated and operated in accordance with the
appropriate guidelines. The fluid carries information about the condition of the equipment
and analysing the fluid in service can give early warnings about paper degradation, hot
spots, electrical faults and problems with moving parts.

Records of periodical sampling should be kept and fluid should be changed immediately it
becomes necessary.

Fluid Sampling

To ensure that the sample is representative of the fluid in the equipment, strict routines
have to be followed when performing the sampling. Before samples are taken, the
sampling / drain valve must be thoroughly cleaned with dry, fibre-free material and a small
quantity of fluid drawn off to clear foreign matter.

Thoroughly clean and dry a 1 litre sample bottle using a fibre-free material. Half fill the
bottle with fluid from the sampling / drain valve, rinse and empty. Fill the bottle, letting
the fluid flow down the side of the container to prevent air from being mixed and trapped in
the fluid. Because the container should be filled to 100% of its capacity, glass bottles are
less suitable since a small air volume has to be left for expansion. Secure the top with a
clean cap and label clearly. Store in a dark place or in a suitable box. The sample should
be examined and the relevant details recorded.

Sample Testing

Following inspection, the fluid sample be sent to a laboratory for testing. Should the fluid
sample fail to meet the required criteria, it should be processed as soon as possible.

Operational Testing

With the practise of operating Transformers at higher average loadings, it is difficult to


specify a frequency of examination which will meet all design and operating conditions -
the more arduous the duty, the greater the frequency of test. It is recommended that
samples of the fluid should be taken and analysed during commissioning, after 12 months
and thereafter, at intervals of 5 years. Field screening tests can be carried out

NOT TO BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT PERMISSION


TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

Page 22
MIDEL MAINTENANCE (cont.)

in-situ to determine which samples require full laboratory investigation. These tests are
often limited to visual inspection and breakdown voltage.

A full examination will in addition, determine Water Content, Neutralisation Value,


Dielectric Dissipation Factor, DC Resistivity Breakdown Voltage and Fire Point.

Operational Parameters

Midel 7131 may be considered satisfactory for continued service when the parameters
below are met.

Parameter Method IEC 1203 Recommendation


Appearance Not applicable Clear, no foreign matter
Water Content (mg/kg = ppm) IEC 60814 < 400 mg/kg
Neutralisation Value In-House < 2.0 mg/g KOH
Dissipation Factor (at Ambient IEC 247 < 0.01
Temp.)
DC Resistivity (at Ambient Temp.) IEC 247 > 6 G Ohm-m
Breakdown Voltage IEC 156 > 30 kV
Fire Point ISO 2592 > 300 °C

Mixing Fluids

Under no circumstances should any other liquid be mixed with Midel 7131 transformer
fluid.

Safety

Avoid naked lights or any other form of ignition. Thoroughly ventilate by removing
hand-hole covers. Ventilation by blower is essential before entering any tank or
compartment.

In cases of doubt, always consult either Transformers & Rectifiers Limited or the supplier,
in particular if contamination is suspect.

NOT TO BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT PERMISSION


TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

Page 23
12. NOTES

NOT TO BE REPRODUCED WITHOUT PERMISSION


Transformers & Rectifiers Limited
15-16 Woodbridge Meadows, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 1BJ
Tel No : +44 (0)1483 568281 Fax No : +44 (0)1483 504961

TRANSFORMER TEST CERTIFICATE


Serial No BL2277/1 Date Issued 03/09/08
Customer FIC Ltd Our Contract No BL2277
Customer's Order No 7384 10082-120 Duty Continuous
Rating, kVA 792 Phases 3 Frequency 50 Hz Location Indoor
Voltage Ratio at NL 13200 / Volts Line Current 10.24 - 27.45 / Amps
50 - 127.4 - 145 1570 - 1570 - 1379
Connections Delta BS Vector Group Ref ---
Cooling ONAN Oil Quantity 1710 Litres Cold Oil Level --- mm
Oil complies with BS 148 :1998 and IEC60296 : 1982, Class I and II.
Losses No-Load 1999 Watts at 526 Volts at 50Hz. Ref. Temp.
Load 11354 Watts at 45.7 Amps 75 ºC
Magnetising Current 17.85, 15.94,16.02A @ 526V, 3ph, 50Hz.
Impedance 6.81 % = 899 Volts at 27.4 Amps 75 ºC
Resistances at Primary Ohms Sec 1 Sec 2 Ohms
nominal tap and A-B 2.989 Ohms 3A2 - 3B2 12.187m Ax - Ay 18.281m Ohms
at 25°C
A-C 2.993 Ohms 3A2 - 3C2 12.125m Bx - By 18.108m Ohms
B-C 2.996 Ohms 3B2 - 3C2 12.143m Cx - Cy 17.994m Ohms
Dielectric Tests Pri to Earth 38000 Volts for 1 Min. a1-a3 = 0.6114m
at 25°C Pri to reg conns 38000 Volts for 1 Min. b1-b3 = 0.6161m
reg conns to Earth 3000 Volts for 1 Min. c1-c3 = 0.6311m
Pri to output 38000 Volts for 1 Min.
output to Earth 3000 Volts for 1 Min.
output to reg conns 3000 Volts for 1 Min.
Overpotential Test 400 Hz 200 % for 15 Seconds
Insulation Pri to Earth 9900 Megohms
Resistance at 1000V Pri to reg conns 12800 Megohms
DC and 25°C
reg conns to Earth 6380 Megohms
Pri to output 15900 Megohms
output to Earth 4860 Megohms
output to reg conns 5520 Megohms
No Load Ratio By ratiometer per phase
Pri / Sec TR2 = 13200 / 525 and 100.7. TR3 = 509.8 / 50.9. Volts
Instrument Settings Fluid Temperature Alarm 100 °C Trip 110 °C
This is to certify that the equipment specified above complies in all respects with the details given and
has been tested in accordance with BS EN 60076 : 1997, where applicable.
REMARKS

Auxiliary wiring checked.

MDaly 3/9/08

Signed ............................................................ Date ................................................. Form No QD007, Issue 5


Transformers & Rectifiers Limited
15-16 Woodbridge Meadows, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 1BJ
Tel No : +44 (0)1483 568281 Fax No : +44 (0)1483 504961

REGULATOR UNIT TEST CERTIFICATE


Serial No BL2277/1 (TR1) Date Issued 03/09/08
Customer FIC Ltd Our Contract No BL2277
Customer's Order No 7384 10082-120 Location Indoor
Rating, kVA 240 Phases 3 Frequency 50 Hz Type RDOAM180/
±530/530
Input Voltage 525.8 Volts Line Current 0 - ± 263.7 Amps
Output Voltage 0 - ± 509.8 Volts Line Current 157 Amps
Connections 3 phase in Delta BS Vector Group Ref ---
Cooling KNAN Midel 7131 fluid
Fluid Temperature Transformer Alarm 100 °C Trip 110 °C
Indicator Settings Regulator Alarm 80 °C Trip 90 °C
No-Load Loss Load Loss at 75°C Impedance
Serial No (Watts) (Watts) at 75°C (%)
Max. Position Max Position Max Position
BL2277/1 218 1090 1.41

Dielectric Tests Input - Earth 3 kVrms for 1 minute


Overpotential Tests 1052 V for 15 seconds at 400Hz
Insulation Input - Earth 363 Megohms
Resistance at 1000V Input - Output n/a Megohms
DC and 25°C
Output - Earth n/a Megohms
Traverse Time 174 seconds across the full range
Control wiring checked to the Circuit Diagram. Operation of Limit Switches checked, as applicable
This is to certify that the equipment specified above complies in all respects with the details given and
has been tested in accordance with BS EN 60076 : 1997, where applicable.
REMARKS

MDaly 3/9/08
Signed ............................................................ Date ................................................. Form No QD077, Issue 3
Transformers & Rectifiers Limited
15-16 Woodbridge Meadows, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 1BJ
Tel No : +44 (0)1483 568281 Fax No : +44 (0)1483 504961

TRANSFORMER / REGULATOR UNIT TEST CERTIFICATE


Serial No BL2277/1 Date Issued 03/09/08
Customer FIC Ltd Our Contract No BL2277
Customer's Order No 7384 10082-120 Location Indoor
Rating, kVA 600 Phases 3 / 3 x 1 Frequency 50 Hz Type RDOM910/13
Input Voltage 13200 Volts Line Current 10.24 - 27.45 Amps
Output Voltage 50 - 127.4 - 145 Volts Line Current 1570 - 1570 - 1379.3 Amps
Connections Delta BS Vector Group Ref ---
Fluid Temperature Transformer Alarm 100 °C Trip 110 °C
Indicator Settings Regulator Alarm 80 °C Trip 90 °C
No-Load Loss Load Loss at 24°C Impedance
position (Watts) (Watts) at 25°C (%)
max 2205 11308 7.12
3/4 1727 14053 8.29
mid 1601 10119 7.54
1/4 1703 11647 9.48
min 2156 10358 11.39

This is to certify that the equipment specified above complies in all respects with the details given and
has been tested in accordance with BS EN 60076 : 1997, where applicable.
REMARKS
Full range of output voltages checked at no load giving 49.7V - 151.7V.

MDaly 3/9/08

Signed ............................................................ Date ................................................. Form No QD077, Issue 3


32:(581'(5&21752/

OIL COOLED REGULATOR MAINTENANCE MANUAL

M1/02

The information in this manual is subject to revision without notice.

7UDQVIRUPHUV 5HFWLILHUV/LPLWHG
15 - 16 Woodbridge Meadows
Guildford
Surrey
GU1 1BJ

Telephone No : + 44 (0)1483 568281


Facsimile No : + 44 (0)1483 504961
Website : www.transformers.co.uk
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75$16)250(5
Install on a horizontal surface of adequate strength.

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For ventilation, allow 1 metre clearance around the
Unit and 2 metres above. Sufficient headroom should
be allowed for inspection/removal of the windings or
leave access to move the Unit to a suitable place.
2LO&RROHG(TXLSPHQW 3UHSDUDWLRQIRUXVH
All correspondence should quote the 6HULDO1R and the 1. Where fitted, remove dehydration packs from air
7\SH0RGHO 1R as shown on the equipment Rating filled compartments.
Plate. Further information can be found on the 2. Remove seals from air vents.
associated drawings and Circuit Diagrams. 3. Remove plugs from breather pipe(s).

+HDOWK 6DIHW\
4. Fit Dehydrating Breather(s).
5. Check oil level to mark on the level gauge(s).
6. Porcelain insulators should be cleaned and
Isolation
examined carefully for small fractures.
Prior to carrying out any installation or maintenance on 7. Where fitted, release the movement of
a Voltage Regulator and associated equipment, ensure electromagnetic relays.
all voltage sources are fully isolated and earthed. Take
special care with auxiliary circuits. ,QVXODWLRQ5HVLVWDQFH
Transformer Oil 1. Isolate control circuits.
2. Main circuits should have an insulation resistance
Before handling transformer oil, please refer to the oil
data sheets regarding safety, handling, emergency greater than 100Mê to earth and if double wound,
treatments and actions. between primary and secondary windings. On HV
Line Stabilisers, the LV windings are earthed via
7KH 5HJXODWLQJ 7UDQVIRUPHU LV DQ DXWRZRXQG a link, which should be removed for this test and
WUDQVIRUPHU ZLWK FRQWLQXRXVO\ YDULDEOH WDSSLQJ replaced afterwards.
SRLQWV  7KH WDSSLQJ SRLQWV DUH JUDSKLWH UROOHU
FRQWDFWV DUUDQJHG WR PRYH DORQJ EDUH WUDFNV RQ
3. If the insulation resistance is below 20Mê, test the

HLWKHURQHRURQRSSRVLWHVLGHVRIWKHZLQGLQJV7KH
oil.

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4. The insulation resistance of the control circuit to

RU WRJHWKHU ZLWK FRQYHQWLRQDO WUDQVIRUPHUV  6PDOO


earth should be above 5Mê. If not, clean off dust,

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moisture and dry gently with a small heater. Use

PRUHWKDQRQHUHJXODWLQJWUDQVIRUPHULVRSHUDWHGLQ
an Insulation Tester of 500V or less to avoid

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damaging sensitive components.

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1. Input and Output cables should be suitably rated in
1. Report any damage immediately to T&R. accordance with details on the Rating Plate and the
2. If damage is due to mishandling in transit, an latest IEE Regulations.
internal inspection may be required. 2. Where a Neutral terminal is provided, it is
3. Check for oil leaks, broken instruments, cracked important to connect this to the supply Neutral,
insulators, etc. particularly, when the load is unbalanced.

6WRUDJH
3. Where the Unit comprises more than one tank, the
interconnecting cables should be rated as shown on
If the Unit is to be stored indefinitely: the Diagram Plate.
1. Seal air vents of air filled compartments. 4. Ensure the Tertiary windings used to supply the
2. Fit Dehydrating Breather. Regulating Transformers are solidly earthed at one
3. Keep a positive dry air pressure in a tank which is point only.
not filled with oil. 5. Connect auxiliary cables in accordance with the
4. Switch on any heaters that may be fitted using an diagram supplied.
external supply. 6. Connect the Units to earth via the terminals

8QLWVVXSSOLHGZLWKRXWRLO
provided.

0RWRU2SHUDWLRQ
Prior to despatch, the tank is filled with dry Nitrogen at
a positive pressure of approx 2psi. If the pressure is To prevent serious damage to the motor drive
below 0, moisture may have entered and the Unit mechanism, it is important to check the direction of
should be dried out before filling with oil. rotation of the motor.
EMERGENCY
HANDWH EEL
C O N T A C TB A R

E X T ER N A L
M O T O RB O X

CHAIN
A D J U S T ER

CONTACT
CARRIER

anddriveassembly
Regulator
This may occur where the motor is fitted by the 5RXWLQH,QVSHFWLRQ
Customer or the motor and limit switches are externally The following simple checks should be carried out:
connected.
1. Disconnect all supplies and check all circuits are
Particular care must be taken to ensure 3 phase motors dead.
are correctly phased and the Customer's control system 2. Remove the lid.
is compatible with the Regulating Transformer drive. 3. Using the handwheel / key / internal nut, move the

4. 5HJXODWRUVZLWK6LQJOHRU'RXEOH&RQWDFW
1. Put the handwheel in the 'Manual' mode. contact carriers on one side of the coils to the top.

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2. With the motor running in the 'raise' direction,
operate the handwheel in the same direction. At
the end of the range, the handwheel should operate a. Unscrew the retaining plate captive screws (use
the 'raise' limit switch to stop the motor. If the special tool available from T&R Service Dept).
motor does not stop, the direction of rotation must b. Remove the plate screws and brush assemblies
be reversed by altering the connections to the complete.

5HJXODWRUVZLWK)RXU&RQWDFW $VVHPEOLHV
motor. c. Lift out the roller contact assemblies.
3. If the Customer is fitting their own motor, check
the limit switches stop the motor before the d. Unscrew the retaining plate captive screws (use
mechanical stops are reached at each end. special tool available from T&R Service Dept).

+DQG2SHUDWLRQ
Two outers - use M6 special tool
Centre - Use M10 special tool.
To increase the voltage, the handwheel is turned Later models are provided with screwdriver slot
clockwise, i.e. 'raise'. Check label on/by handwheel. in screw head.
e. Grip both sides of the contact cage and raise it to
1. For Regulators with motor boxes (with the the top of the bars; tilt the cage by moving the
exception of stepper motors which do not require side nearest the windings upward and then lift
disengaging); push in handwheel and turn clockwise clear. Two contacts come away in the cage and
to disengage the motor and engage bayonet two remain on the carrier.
coupling. Push in the handwheel and turn anti- 5. Inspect the brushes which must move freely in the
clockwise to engage the motor drive. housing against the spring pressure when pulled by
2. For Regulators with internal motor and slipping the tail. Replace the brush if damaged or shorter
clutch; remove the detachable key from tank side. than 16mm.
Insert key into hole which is now uncovered and
locate onto drive shaft. Turn key against clutch to &RQWDFW,QVSHFWLRQ
adjust Regulator output.
3. For small automatic Regulators designed for pole 6. If the rollers do not rotate freely with minimal play
mounting; there is a hexagon on the drive shaft or, the track wheel is uneven around the
which may be used to move the contacts during circumference or, the roller surface is damaged or,

reaches the edge of the roller - 5HSODFHWKHFRQWDFW


servicing (once the lid has been removed). the track width exceeds 8mm or, the track wear

6ZLWFK2Q DVVHPEO\FRPSOHWH'R127LQWHUFKDQJHZRUQ
VSLQGOHVDQGUROOHUV
Hand and motor operated Regulators should be set to The roller beds down to a track width of 5mm after
minimum output. a few operations after which the wear is relatively
Automatic Regulators should be energised at no-load to slow. The track may not be central on the roller, the
check that the output voltage is stabilised at the correct angle of wear being dependent upon the coil
value. Connect a voltmeter across the output. HV diameter. Ensure the spindle screws are tightly
Stabilisers may be checked by measuring the secondary locked.
of the Voltage Transformers (see diagram for test 7. Re-fit the contact units on the carrier board, making
points and ratio of VT). sure that both rollers are making contact with the

0DLQWHQDQFH
coil face.
8. Re-fit the top plate (1 or 2 contact types). Re-fit the
The roller contact assemblies and contact bar brushes cage (4 contact types), turning the two contact units
require regular inspection. The frequency of outwards and tilting the cage. In all types, pull out
inspections depends upon the type of service and the the brushes by the tail and feed over the contact
number and duration of the operation of the bars. Tighten the retaining screws securely,
mechanism. We recommend the first inspection is ensuring the brush tails lay correctly.
carried within the first year of operation and the On 4-contact types, turn the contacts inwards to
condition of the roller contacts can be used as a guide bring both rollers into contact with the coil face.
to the frequency of future inspections. NOTE: On 2 or 4-contact types, roller spindle lock
nuts must face outward.
CONTACTARRANGEMENTS
VOLTAGEREGULATOR
RETAN I IN G P I C K. U P C H A IN
P L A T ES C R E W S BAR BR A D J U S T ER

R O L L ER
CONTACT
ASSEMBLY

(A2C)
2 . C O N T A C TA R R A N G E M E N T
C A G E R ET A I N I N G PICK UP C H A IN
S C R E W S( R E M O V E B R U S H B AR S A D J U S T ER
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REMAIN O NC A R R I E R
W I T HT O PC A G ER E M O V E D

(B4C)
4 - C O N T A C TA R R A N G E M E N T
CARBON SPRING
R
ROLLE
1 SCREW
2 W A S HE R
3 , 5 B A K E L I T EW A S H E R
4 C E N T R ES P A C E R
o S H A K E P R O OW F ASHER
NUT
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R O L L E RC O N T A C TA S S E M B L Y
9. Operate the handwheel to confirm all contact rollers b. Ensure cables are clearly identified.
are rolling. (i) Disconnect input and output cables from

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terminals inside tank and in a twin assembly,
the interconnecting cables. Fold cables back and
If a full inspection is to be carried out, it will be tie clear of the tank wall.
necessary to de-tank the regulator as described below. (ii) Disconnect control wiring from the motor box
Perform the inspection as described under 'Routine and draw them back into the regulator complete
Inspection' and additionally as follows:- with gland.

5HJXODWRU&RLOV
c. Remove tank locking bolts from locking flags at
each end of top clamps. On larger regulators,
1. Slight discolouration of the coil surface due to remove tank locking plates from each end of the
oxidation is normal and harmless. This can be tank.
removed from the commutator part of the coil using d. On twin units, loosen the screw in the middle of
a clean cloth dipped in white spirit or clean the universal coupling and withdraw coupling
transformer oil. Any sludge may be cleaned off in from one shaft. It cannot be removed from the
the same way. other shaft until one frame is lifted.
2. If the coil surface is marked or pitted, carefully e. Lift by chain hooks placed under the core clamp
smooth it with clean emery cloth (220 grit or finer) bolts near the ends of the tank. On larger
rubbed gently around the coil surface in the regulators, lifting eyes are provided at each end
direction of the winding conductor. Do not rub up or at the centre. Lift vertically and make sure
and down the coil. Ensure that no copper is lodged nothing fouls the tank.

5HWDQNLQJ
between turns and that all copper dust produced is
removed from the coil surface and framework with a
clean cloth. 5. Lower the regulator vertically into the tank slowly
3. Before replacing the contact units, apply normal and smoothly, making sure that nothing fouls the
voltage for 3-4 minutes to check whether any copper tank. Check the frame is level and firmly seated.
dust is short-circuiting the turns. On twin units, slide the universal coupling onto one

5HJXODWRU0HFKDQLVP
drive shaft before lowering the second frame into
the tank. After both frames are in the tank, feed the
Check all nuts are tight. Check all bearings, drive and universal coupling onto the second shaft and refit
coupling pins for wear. Check chain tightness. the retaining screw. Ensure coupling and drive pins
Normally there is very little wear or stretch in the are secure.
chains and so adjustment is not required. If the chains WARNING: Before re-coupling twin regulators,
are slack and all bearings are satisfactory, adjust the move the carriers on the same side of both frames to
chain tension to ±20mm of the horizontal 'give' per the top. If twin units are coupled out of step, heavy
metre of vertical chain length at the mid-point. circulating currents will flow and severe damage
may result.
Use the chain adjusters at each end of the contact 6. Replace tank locking bolts or plates.
carrier. The carrier must not tilt. On double sided 7. Re-connect Main and Auxiliary cables.
units, the chains must be adjusted so that both carriers 8. Re-engage the handwheel drive by pushing it fully
cover the full range within 2-3 turns from top to in to engage coupling at end of regulator shaft. On
bottom. After adjustment, check the operation of the hand operated units, re-fit nuts to secure plate. On
limit switches (see Installation). motor boxes, re-locate and tighten screws located
'HWDQNLQJ3URFHGXUH
behind the handwheel.
9. Energise the motor and test for correct direction of
1. Check 'Un-tanking Mass' shown on Rating Plate. rotation and the operation of the limit switches at
2. Check headroom (twice tank height). each end.

+DQG2SHUDWHG5HJXODWRUV
3. Remove tank cover. 10.On motor boxes, re-engage the motor drive by
4. pushing in the handwheel and turning it
Remove the bolts securing the handwheel plate and ant-clockwise.
withdraw handwheel and plate together. 11.Replace tank and motor box covers, replacing
0RWRU2SHUDWHG5HJXODWRUV gaskets if necessary.
a. Remove motor box cover. Push in handwheel 12.Clean terminals, etc and check insulation resistance.
and turn clockwise to disengage the latch from the
motor drive sprocket. Unscrew the shaft retaining
plate screws located behind the handwheel, and
pull out the handwheel until the latch re-engages
in the sprocket. The handwheel shaft is thus
withdrawn flush with the tank wall.
([WHUQDO0RWRU%R[ and bottom of the winding, these should be firmly in
The motor box is fixed to the tank wall by four screws. place and not loose.
To remove the motor box, disconnect the cables and High voltage HRC fuses are fitted to some units. These
remove the four screws. Withdraw from tank. will be located below the oil level and accessible
To adjust position of the motor box, slacken four through a hand hole inspection cover in the main tank
screws and align the handwheel shaft with the regulator cover. If a conservator is fitted, the oil must be
drive shaft. Tighten screws. Lubricate the mechanical lowered before removing the hand hole cover.
drive parts with Molybdenum Disulphide anti-scuffing
paste.

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Normand Shell Omala 220 or equiv
Parvalux Sealed for life
Slo-Syn Not applicable
Baldor Sealed for life
Pacific Scientific Not applicable

The bearings are sealed for life.

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The motor should be removed and the brushgear
examined. Brush or wipe away carbon dust from the

holders and should be replaced if OHVVWKDQPP long.


commutator area. The brushes should be free in their

2LO
T&R Ltd (or Brentford) have never filled regulators
with PCB based insulating fluids.
The oil supplied complies with BS148/1984 and
IEC296. It should be clear and free from sludge.
There should be no indication of acid action on

sludge formation should QRW be present.


steelwork. The acrid smell associated with acidity and

In regulator tanks the oil is often blackish in appearance


due to a suspension of graphite from the roller contact
wear. This is not normally harmful. The oil level must
be checked regularly and any deficiency should be
corrected using new oil. The mark on the oil gauge is
correct at 15°C.
It is recommended the oil is tested for electric strength
annually. If you cannot obtain this service locally, a
sample may be sent to T&R Ltd.
The sample of at least 1 litre must be taken from the
bottom of the tank and sealed in a dry, clean glass
container.

7UDQVIRUPHUV
Transformers do not need regular servicing, except for
oil filtering and general checking of the breathers,
thermometer, insulators and paint work. After the first
year in service, it is recommended these are checked
and the tie bolts tightened, if necessary. If insulating
spacers are fitted between turns or sections, or at top
To obtain spare or replacement parts for your Voltage Regulator or to arrange a site visit by one
of our Service Engineers, please contact our Service Manager at:-

7UDQVIRUPHUV 5HFWLILHUV/WG
15 - 16 Woodbridge Meadows
Guildford
Surrey, GU1 1BJ
Tel No : +44 (0)1483 568281
Fax No : +44 (0)1483 504961
Email : service@transformers.co.uk

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Installation
Commissioned
Routine Inspection
TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

DESICCANT BREATHER
Types HBP & HBP/2

The Desiccant Breather body and oil seal cup are moulded in high strength
polycarbonate eliminating the need for additional mesh guards, as well as ensuring
high mechanical strength and weather resistance. The transparent material allows all
round visibility of the desiccant.
A single central metal baffle plate located internally prevents "channelling" of the air
flow through the centre of the breather and ensures a true colour indication of the state
of the desiccant at the periphery.
Fitting Instructions
1. Remove oil cup by turning anti-clockwise.
2. Remove breathing port blanking paper ring from underside of breather body,
thus exposing 6 ports.
3. Remove �" BSP blanking plug from top end of the Desiccant Breather. Screw
breather body in a clockwise direction, either directly onto the Transformer
breather pipe or the appropriate thread adapter, using the brass hexagon insert
only. PTFE thread tape on these pipe threads will seal and enable easy
removal for recharging.
4. Pour 6ml of Transformer oil to BS 148 (IEC 296) into the oil cup. This will
ensure the oil is at the indicated level when assembled (do not overfill).
Replace oil cup.
Charge Saturation and Re-activation
It is recommended to replace or recharge the Breather when the lower half of the
charge becomes saturated, i.e. 'crystals become pale yellow'. Please refer to the colour
chart attached to the Breather.
To re-activate the charge, please follow these instructions:-
1. Remove oil cup and wipe away excess oil from the underside of breather body.
2. Unscrew breather body in anti-clockwise direction.
3. (a) Empty saturated desiccant out through �" BSP hole and fill with dry,
dark orange desiccant and re-mount on Transformer, as previously
described.
or (b) Replace with a new breather. The old breather containing the saturated
charge, may be reactivated in a thermostatically controlled oven
120°-130°C until the desiccant is dark orange again. Replace the
blanking plug and seal the lower ports until next required.

Note : For cleaning purposes, use only water and a non-abrasive cloth.
For further information, please refer to the Product and Material Safety Data Sheets.
TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

DESICCANT BREATHER
Type HB

The Desiccant Breather consists of a replaceable, desiccant charge fitted between a


top and bottom moulding.

Installation
The Desiccant Breather is supplied in an assembled state. Remove the top moulding
from the assembly and screw onto the Transformer breather pipe. Remove the sealing
bungs from each end of the charge. Place one end of the charge to the central thread
of the top moulding and screw into position by rotating the charge in a clockwise
direction. Where supplied, the Breather top moulding should be attached to its
bracket (larger units only).
After three complete turns, some resistance should be encountered. The charge can be
rotated a further three-quarters of a revolution, thus completing the top seal.
Slide the protective screen mesh up over the charge and locate it inside the top
moulding rim. Pour a small quantity of transformer oil (to BS148) into the cup (lower
moulding), up to the oil level mark shown.
Screw the cup onto the bottom of the charge until some resistance is met, then rotate a
further one-third of a revolution. The Breather is now complete.

Operation
Periodic inspection should be carried out to monitor the condition of the desiccant
charge. The silica gel desiccant changes colour from deep orange to pale yellow as it
becomes saturated with water vapour. When two-thirds of the charge has changed to
pale yellow, the charge should be replaced and the original re-activated. Please refer
to the colour chart fixed to the Breather.

Charge Replacement
To dismantle for re-activation, unscrew the oil cup and remove the protective screen
mesh. Unscrew the charge by rotating in an anti-clockwise direction and remove.
A replacement charge should immediately be fitted and the assembly procedure
adopted.

Re-activation of Charge
The saturated charge may be re-activated by using a Breather Dryer Unit for a
approximately 3 hours or until the charge has acquired a deep orange appearance.
Alternatively, the charge can be placed in a thermostatically controlled oven set at a
temperature between 120-130 °C for 20 hours.
Note : For cleaning purposes, use only water and a non-abrasive cloth.
For further information, please refer to the Product and Material Safety Data Sheets.
75$16)250(56 5(&7,),(56/7'

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7\SH%6 +/2

Most faults within a liquid filled Transformer are accompanied by the generation of
gas. By using a suitable Relay, the formation of this gas can be used as a warning of a
developing fault.

The gas can be generated by:

(i) the decomposition of solid or liquid insulators inside the Transformer


due to over-heating or electrical arcing;

(ii) the interior of the Transformer if it was not bled when the unit was
commissioned.

The Buchholz Relay protects the Transformer because it detects and signals the
presence and formation of gas inside.

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Structurally, the Relay comprises two corrosion-resistant aluminium alloy castings,


free from impurities and perfectly sealed, viz:

- the casing with inspection tempered-glass windows have a scale


graduated in cm³ showing the internal volume of the Relay. An fluid
drain plug is located underneath.
- the cover with an aluminium frame attached to its lower section
supporting the mechanism which forms the active part of the unit.
These mechanism comprises: 2 brass floats, 2 switches enclosed in a
glass bulb and 1 small calibrated metal fan (flap).

On the cover are fitted: 1 discharge valve (petcock) with ¼ thread outlet with plug, 1
valve with plug for pneumatic test of Alarm and Trip circuits, 1 push-button with
cover for mechanical test of Alarm and Trip circuits, 1 sealed terminal board inside
with 4 numbered nylon insulators and 1 earthing terminal.

3ULQFLSOHRI2SHUDWLRQ

During normal operation, the Relay is completely filled with fluid and is mounted in
the pipework between the Transformer tank and Conservator. When gas forms inside
the Transformer, even if slow, the gas will rise and flow up the pipework towards the
Conservator. As the gas enters the Relay, it becomes trapped in the float chamber. As
the gas accumulates, the fluid level within the Relay progressively lowers. This
causes the upper float to pivot and operate the external Alarm circuit via a switch
directly connected to it.
Page 1 of 3
75$16)250(56 5(&7,),(56/7'

%8&++2/= *$6 2,/5(/$<


7\SH%6 +/2

If gas continues to accumulate, the fluid level will fall further and the lower float will
also pivot and operate the external Trip circuit via a switch directly connected to it.
The Trip contacts are normally wired to the Transformer supply breaker to disconnect
the supply.

When a serious fault occurs within the Transformer, the generation of gas can be so
rapid that a fluid surge flows towards the Conservator. This fluid flow activates a fan
(flap) fitted to the Trip switch and will also disconnect the Transformer supply.

The Relay will also signal a fluid leakage from the Transformer tank (as well as any
other system fitted to the Transformer) by the lowering of the floats in the same
manner as described above for gas collection.

7HUPLQDO0DUNLQJV

Both Alarm and Trip circuits have change-over type contacts.

The Alarm circuit is connected to the insulators marked with numbers 3 and 4 with C2
as the common terminal i.e. for normally-closed settings, connect between terminals
C2 and 3 and for normally-closed settings, connect between terminals C2 and 4.

The Trip circuit is connected to the insulators marked with numbers 1 and 2 with C1
as the common terminal i.e. for normally-closed settings, connect between terminals
C1 and 1 and for normally-closed settings, connect between terminals C1 and 2.

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The Relay is designed to operate at a temperature ranging from -25 °C to +120 °C.

Each switch is enclosed in a glass bulb containing mercury and a neutral gas. The
features of the switches are:-

- Power supply: 24 - 220 Volts AC or DC

- Rated Current: 0.5 Amps for 10000 operations

- Breaking Capacity: 2 Amps

The amount of gas required to activate the Alarm signal are:-

Size of Relay 25 50
Volume of Gas 200 cm³ 300 cm³
Page 2 of 3
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7\SH%6 +/2

The Trip signal will operate when (i) the amount of gas accumulation or fluid leakage
continues but prior to the release of the trapped gas and (ii) when the rate of fluid flow
from the Transformer to the Conservator reaches 100 cm/S, in respect of the hole
diameter.

7HVWLQJWKH5HOD\(IILFLHQF\

This test can be performed after the Relay has been assembled and fitted to the
Transformer.

The position of the floats can be moved by either pressing the push-button
(mechanical test) or by pumping air inside the Relay through the valve located on the
top cover i.e. with a bicycle pump (hydraulic test).

In both cases, the lowering of the floats should be checked; first to check the operation
of the Alarm circuit and subsequently, the operation of the Trip circuit.

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The instrument is designed to give long life without any regular maintenance. It is not
necessary to lubricate any parts.

Page 3 of 3
TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

OIL TEMPERATURE INDICATOR


Type A200

A Oil Temperature Indicator is fitted to indicate and control the temperature of the top oil of
the Transformer. It is supplied fully configured and calibrated.

Principle of Operation

The temperature indicator is provided with a sensing bulb which is inserted into a oil filled,
pocket located in the top of the tank. The bulb is connected to expansion bellows via a oil
filled capillary tube. The change in volume of the oil due to temperature variations, causes
the bellows to act on a mechanical linkage which rotates a switch plate and an indicating
pointer, thus providing a measurement of top oil temperature. The switch plate
accommodates two switches that can be independently set.

Features

The instrument has an aluminium case, finished in blue powder coated paint and fitted with
anti-vibration mountings. The indicating scale is marked with the range 30 - 150 °C and has
an indicating accuracy of -3% of full scale deflection. It is fitted with a black temperature
indicating pointer and a red maximum temperature pointer (resetable).

There are two sets of c/o (change-over) contacts, each rated at 5 A at 240 Volts AC, one for
Alarm and one for Trip which are fully adjustable over the scale range.

Head Temperature Compensation

This is achieved by a bellow linked to the operating bellows which compensate for
temperature changes in the head.

Adjustments

The red maximum pointer is driven by the black indicating pointer. When the temperature
drops, the red pointer remains where it is to indicate the maximum temperature reached since
last reset. To reset the maximum pointer, remove the knurled cap on the indicator glass and
turn the screw anti-clockwise until the red pointer rests against the black pointer. Replace the
cap.

The Alarm and Trip switches operate on the slopes of a fixed differential cam located on the
switch plate. The switches are pre-set at the factory before despatch, however, should the
need arise for adjustment, slacken the 2 screws securing the switch setting pointer. Slide the
cam sub-assembly until the desired switching value is reached and re-tighten the 2 securing
screws.

WARNING: If the switches are adjusted and the instrument is exercised over its full
range, the switches WILL operate and therefore, all Safety Precautions
and Procedures must be observed.

Maintenance

The instrument is designed to give long life without any regular maintenance. It is not
necessary to lubricate any parts although adjustment or replacement of switches may be
necessary.
Nynas AB
PRODUCT DATA SHEET
Nytro Libra

Severely Hydrotreated Insulating Oil Issuing date: 2008-03-03


Property Unit Test method Guaranteed data Typical data
IEC Min Max
1. Physical
Appearance IEC 60296 Clear, free from sediment complies
Density, 20°C ISO 12185
3
kg/dm 0,895 0,879
Viscosity, 40°C ISO 3104
2
mm /s 12,0 9,4
Viscosity, -30°C ISO 3104
2
mm /s 1800 1100
Pour point °C ISO 3016 -40 -57

2. Chemical
Acidity mg KOH/g IEC 62021 0,01 <0,01
Corrosive sulphur DIN 51353 non-corrosive non-corrosive
Corrosive sulphur ASTM D 1275 B non-corrosive non-corrosive
Corrosive sulphur IEC 62535 non-corrosive non-corrosive
Aromatic content % IEC 60590 11
Antioxidant, phenols Wt % IEC 60666 not detectable not detectable
Water content mg/kg IEC 60814 30 <20
Furfural content mg/kg IEC 61198 0,1 <0,1

3. Electrical
Dielectric dissipation factor (DDF) IEC 60247 0,005 <0,001
at 90°C
Interfacial tension mN/m ISO 6295 40 48
Breakdown voltage
- Before treatment kV IEC 60156 30 40-60
- After treatment kV 70 >70

4. Oxidation stability
At 120°C, 164 h IEC 61125 C
Total acidity mg KOH/g 1,2 0,25
Sludge Wt % 0,8 0,08
DDF/90°C 0,500 0,080

6. Health, safety and environment


Flash point, PM °C ISO 2719 135 148
DMSO extractable compounds Wt % IP 346 3 <3
PCB IEC 61619 not detectable not detectable

Nytro Libra is an uninhibited insulating oil, meeting IEC 60296 (03) General specifications.
Nynas AB
SAFETY DATA SHEET
Nytro Libra

1. Identification of the Substance/Preparation and the Company/Undertaking

Product Name: Nytro Libra


Product Type: Insulating Oil
Supplier: Nynas AB
P. O. Box 10700
S-121 29 STOCKHOLM
Sweden
E-mail address: ProductHSE@nynas.com
Telephone No: +46-8-602 1200 Fax: +46-8-81 62 02
Emergency Phone No: +46-8-33 70 43

2. Hazards identification

Classification: No classification needed according to 67/548/EC and 1999/45/EC.


Human Health: Inhalation of vapours and/or mists might irritate respiratory tract.
Prolonged skin contact will cause defatting and possible irritation.
Eye contact might cause irritation.
Environment: Slow biodegradation, the product will remain for long time in the
environment. Risk for contamination of earth, soil and water.
Physical and chemical At elevated temperatures flammable vapours and decomposition
hazard: products will be released. Risk for slippery floors if spilled out.

3. Composition/Information of Ingredients

Chemical Name: CAS-No.: EC-No.: Weight-% Symbols/Phrases


Hydrotreated Light Naphthenic 64742-53-6 265-156-6 65-85
Distillate
64742-55-8 265-158-7 15-35
Hydrotreated Light Paraffinic Distillate
64741-97-5 265-098-1 <5
Solvent Refined Light Naphthenic
Distillate

4. First Aid Measures

Issuing date:2008-03-03 Nytro Libra 1 (6)


General advice:
Inhalation: If inhalation of mists, fumes or vapours occur causing irritation,
move to fresh air. If the symptoms persist, obtain medical advice.
Skin contact: Remove immediately adhering matter and wash off with soap and
plenty of water.
Eye contact: Rinse with plenty of water.
Ingestion: Clean mouth with water. Obtain medical advice if a large amount
has been swallowed. Do not induce vomiting.

5. Fire-fighting Measures

Suitable extinguishing Extinguish preferably with dry chemical, carbon dioxide (CO2), or
media: foam. Waterspray / mist may be used.
Extinguishing media which Water jet, unless used by authorised people.(Stain risk caused by
must not be used for safety combustion).
reasons:

6. Accidental Release Measures

Personal precautions: Suitable protection equipment should be used. In case of large


spillage, the cleaning procedure should be carried out using suitable
protective clothing such as overall, gloves and boots. Remove
contaminated clothes as soon as possible.
Smaller spillage can be wiped up with paper cloths, using protective
gloves.
Environmental precautions: Prevent spills to enter and spread to drains, sewers, water courses,
and soil. Contact local safety authorities.
Methods for cleaning up: Absorb leaking product with sand, earth or other suitable inert
material and collect. Disposal according to section 13.

7. Handling and Storage

Handling: Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety


practices. If handled at elevated temperatures or with high speed
mechanical equipment, vapours or mists might be released and
require a well ventilated workplace.
Storage: Store at ambient temperature or with lowest necessary heating as
handling requires.

8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Issuing date:2008-03-03 Nytro Libra 2 (6)


Control parameters: Exposure via the air and normal handling.
Chemical name: Mineral oil.
3
Short term value: 5 mg/m . TLV-TWA 8 hours ACGIH (1998).
Engineering measures to Mechanical ventilation and local exhaust will reduce exposure via
reduce exposure: the air. Use oil resistant material in construction of handling
equipment. Store under recommended conditions and if heated,
temperature control equipment should be used to avoid overheating.
Personal protection equipment:
- Respiratory protection: If the product is heated under manual handling, use suitable mask
with filter A1P2 or A2P2. Handling in automatic production lines,
with exhaust or ventilation, will not require mask.
- Hand protection: Wear oil-resistant protective gloves if there is a risk of repeated skin
contact. Suitable gloves are neoprene, nitrile- or
acrylnitrilebutadiene rubber, or PVC. Take notice of CEN 420:94,
CEN 374:1-3:94 and CEN 388:94.
- Eye protection: Wear safety goggles / safe shield if splashes may occur.
- Skin and body protection: Wear protective clothing if there is a risk of skin contact and change
them frequently, or when contaminated.
Hygienic measures: Act in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice.

9. Physical and Chemical Properties

Form: Viscous liquid


Colour: <0.5, pale light yellow
Odour: Odourless / light petroleum
Melting point/pour point: -54°C
Initial boiling point: >250°C
Density 15°C: 886 kg/m3
Flash point, PM: 144°C
Auto ignition temp.: >250°C
Solubility in water: Non soluble
Solubility in organic solvents: Soluble
Decomposition temp.: >280°C
Vapour pressure at 100°C: 160 Pascal
DMSO extractible compounds according < 3%
to IP346:
Calculated partition coefficient >6

Issuing date:2008-03-03 Nytro Libra 3 (6)


n-octanol/water, log Pow:

Viscosity at 40°C: 9,5 cSt


pH: non relevant

10. Stability and Reactivity

Stability: Stable at normal conditions. Start to decompose at 280°C or higher.


Avoid: Excessive heating and highly oxidizing agents.
Hazardous decomposition Flammable gases which might also be noxious. With air present,
products: there is a risk for auto ignition at temperatures >270°C.

11. Toxicological Information

Acute toxicity: Studies available indicate oral and dermal LD50 s of >5 000 mg/kg
which is considered as low acute toxicity.
Local effects:
- Inhalation: Prolonged and repeated inhalation of mist or vapour generated at
elevated temperatures may irritate respiratory tract.
- Oral: May cause nausea and eventually vomiting and diarrhoea.
- Skin contact: Prolonged or repeated exposure may lead to defatting of the skin and
subsequent irritation.
- Eye contact: May cause redness and transient pain.
- Sensitisation: Studies indicate no evidence of sensitisation.

12. Ecological Information

Mobility: Low, due to low water solubility.


Persistence/degradability: The baseoil is not readily biodegradable. Substances may not meet
criteria for ready biodegradability. Studies indicate inherent, primary
biodegradation in the range of 20-60 % based on carbondioxide
evolution.
Bio-accumulation: Base oil has Log Pow in the range >3,9-> 6,0.
Log Pow is used for estimating the bioacccumulation in fish. A value
>3,0 indicates possible bioaccumulation. The size of the hydrocarbon
molecules reduces the risk for bioaccumulation.
Ecotoxicity: Aquatic toxicity data on base oils indicate LC50 values of >1 000
mg/l, which is considered as low toxicity. Chronic toxicity studies
shows no long-term hazard to the aquatic environment.

Issuing date:2008-03-03 Nytro Libra 4 (6)


13. Disposal Considerations

Residues of unused product is not regarded as hazardous waste. Residues of products/packageing


must not be disposed of in the environment, but taken care of in accordance with local regulations.

Emptying instructions:

Barrels and equals: Turn the barrel upside down and tilt it approximately 10° until nondripping.
Nondripping is less than one drop / minute at 15 °C. The product viscosity depends on temperature,
and it is important that the emptying not is done at to low temperature. It can be necessary to scrape
out highviscous products.
When the barrel is nondripping send it for recycling. If the residue volume is more than 1% send it
for destruction of barrels. Empty barrels with < 1 % residue is not dangerous goods. Notify local
regulations.

Bags for one way use/multiple use: Follow instructions given by the bag manufacturer. The last
residues in the bag can be removed by placing the hose over the remaining residues or by lifting the
bag so the product can run towards the hose.
Bottom residues; roll up the bag towards the hose to press out the oil
One way bags of polyethylene can be recycled or disposed of by incineration. Notify local
regulations.

14. Transport Information

The product is not classified as hazardous goods for land, sea and air transport according to the
respective regulations (ADR, IMDG, IATA-DGR).

15. Regulatory Information

Classified according to European directives on classification of hazardous substances and


preparations. Not classified as hazardous. No statutory label required.

Listed in TSCA ( Toxic Substances Control Act) and EINECS.

16. Other Information

The information for labelling and ecotoxicity is according to Concawe Report No. 95/59, 98/54,
05/6 and 01/54.
Classified according to the Dangerous Substance Directive, 67/548/EC up to the most recent ATP,
the Dangerous Preparation Directive 1999/45/EC, and the Safety Data Sheet Directive 2001/58/EC
and REACH (EC) No 1907/2006 according to transitional provisions.

Component CAS no 64742-53-6 has DMSO extractible compounds according to IP 346 <3%.
Component CAS no 64742-55-8 has DMSO extractible compounds according to IP 346 <3%.
Component CAS no 64741-97-5 has DMSO extractible compounds according to IP 346 < 3%

Issuing date:2008-03-03 Nytro Libra 5 (6)


Latest update: 2008-03-03
Replacing revision date: 2006-11-21
Changes to previous version: Section 1, 2, 3, 16

Nota L
The classification as a carcinogen need not apply if it can be shown that the substance contains less than 3 w%w
DMSO extract as measured by IP 346. This Nota applies only to certain complex oil-derived substances in Annex 1.

Nota N
The classification as a carcinogen need not apply if the full refining history is known and it can be shown that the
substance from which it was produced is not a carcinogen. This Nota applies only to certain complex oil-derived
substances in Annex 1.

Issuing date:2008-03-03 Nytro Libra 6 (6)


TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

MIDEL® 7131
PRODUCT INFORMATION & DATA SHEET

Introduction

MIDEL 7131 conforms to the requirements of IEC 1099 - 'Specification for Unused Synthetic
Organic Esters for Electrical Purposes' and is a Transformer Ester Type T1.

The permissible specification values are tabulated below together with typical results for
MIDEL 7131.
UNIT IEC 1099 MIDEL 7131
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
COLOUR HU < 200 125
APPEARANCE Clear, free from Clear, free from
suspended matter suspended matter
and sediment and sediment
DENSITY AT 20°C g/ml <1 0.97
KINEMATIC VISCOSITY AT 40°C mm�/s < 35 30
AT 20°C mm�/s < 3000 1700
FLASH POINT °C > 250 275
FIRE POINT °C > 300 322

POUR POINT °C < -45 -48


CRYSTALLISATION No crystals No crystals
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
WATER CONTENT mg/kg < 200 50
NEUTRALISATION VALUE mg KOH/g < 0.03 0.02
OXIDATION STABILITY
TOTAL ACIDITY mg KOH/g < 0.03 0.01
TOTAL SLUDGE % mass < 0.01 0
ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES
BREAKDOWN VOLTAGE kV > 45 80
DIELECTRIC DISSIPATION
FACTOR AT 90°C, 50Hz 0.03 0.004
DC RESISTIVITY AT 90°C Gohm-m >2 9

NB. The above values may be altered without notice and do not constitute a specification.
® Registered Trade Mark of :-
M&I Materials Ltd, PO Box 136, Manchester, United Kingdom, M60 1AN
Tel No : +44 (0)161 875 4096, Fax No : +44 (0)161 875 2695
TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

MIDEL® 7131
THERMAL PROPERTIES

Introduction

Tabulated below are the thermal properties of Midel 7131, over the Transformer temperature
range. Values have either been taken directly from published data or have been calculated /
extrapolated from such data.

Temperature, °C -30 -20 -10 0 10 20 30


Specific Heat, W s/kg °C 1927 1952 1977 2006 2036 2065 2091
Expansion Coefficient, /°C 0.00075
Thermal Conductivity, W/m °C 0.167 0.166 0.165 0.163 0.162 0.161 0.159
Density, kg/m� 1010 1001 993 985 977 970 963
Kinematic Viscosity, mm�/s 5000 1700 680 310 160 95 56
Absolute Viscosity, g/cm s 50.9 17.2 6.8 3.08 1.58 0.93 0.54
Prandtl Number 58660 20280 8180 3790 1988 1196 710

Temperature, °C 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
Specific Heat, W s/kg °C 2119 2144 2174 2203 2228 2257 2286
Expansion Coefficient, /°C 0.00075 0.00075 0.00075 0.00075
Thermal Conductivity, W/m °C 0.158 0.157 0.155 0.154 0.153 0.151 0.15
Density, kg/m� 956 948 941 935 927 920 914
Kinematic Viscosity, mm�/s 30 23 16 12 9 7.7 6
Absolute Viscosity, g/cm s 0.33 0.22 0.15 0.11 0.084 0.067 0.056
Prandtl Number 444 302 210 158 123 100 85

® Registered Trade Mark of :-


M&I Materials Ltd, PO Box 136, Manchester, United Kingdom, M60 1AN
Tel No : +44 (0)161 875 4096, Fax No : +44 (0)161 875 2695
TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

MIDEL® 7131
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
___________________________________________________________________________

1. Identification of the Substance/Preparation and the Company/Undertaking

Product Name : MIDEL 7131


CAS No : 85408 - 79 - 3
EINECS No : 287 - 043 - 0
Company Name : M&I Materials Ltd
P O Box 136
Manchester
M60 1AN
United Kingdom
Telephone No : +44 (0)161 875 4313
Fax No : +44 (0)161 875 2695
___________________________________________________________________________

2. Composition/Information of Ingredients

Composition : Pentaerythritol Fatty Acid Ester.


Hazardous Ingredients : None.
___________________________________________________________________________

3. Hazards Identification

This product is not classified as hazardous.


___________________________________________________________________________

4. First Aid Measures

Inhalation : None envisaged.


Skin contact : None envisaged.
Eye Contact : Irrigate with copious quantities of water.
Ingestion : Obtain medical attention. Do not induce vomiting.
___________________________________________________________________________

5. Fire-Fighting Measures

Suitable extinguishing media : Extinguish preferably with dry chemical, carbon


dioxide (CO2) or water fog. Do not use water jets.
Special exposure hazards : None.
Special protective equipment : None.
___________________________________________________________________________

Page 1 of 3
TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

MIDEL® 7131
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
___________________________________________________________________________

6. Accidental Release Measures

Personal Precautions : Spilt product constitutes a slip hazard.


Environmental Precautions : None.
Decontamination Procedures : Collect in containers. Dispose according to Clause
13.
___________________________________________________________________________

7. Handling and Storage

Handling : No special precautions required.


Storage : No special precautions required.
___________________________________________________________________________

8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection

Engineering Control Measures: None required.


Personal protection : Wear overalls. Avoid prolonged contact. Wash
hands after use.
___________________________________________________________________________

9. Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical State : Liquid


Colour : Pale Yellow.
Odour : Faintly sweet.
Flash Point : 275 °C
Fire Point : 322 °C
Auto-ignition Point : 435 °C
Solubility in Water : Non-soluble
Explosive Limits : Not determined.
Relative Density at 20 °C : 0.98 g/ml.
___________________________________________________________________________

10. Stability and Reactivity

Stability : Will not polymerise.


Conditions to avoid : Temperatures > 250°C.
Materials to avoid : Strong oxidising agents.
Hazardous decomposition : None known.
___________________________________________________________________________

Page 2 of 3
TRANSFORMERS & RECTIFIERS LTD

MIDEL® 7131
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
___________________________________________________________________________

11. Toxicological Information

Based on the product's components : Oral LD50 (Rat) >5000 mg/kg.


Dermal LD50 (Rabbit) >2000 mg/kg.
Acute Health Effects :
Eye contact : May cause transient irritation.
Inhalation : Low volatility makes inhalation unlikely.
Ingestion : May cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Chronic Health Effects :
Skin contact : Prolonged or repeated skin contact may lead to skin
disorders.
___________________________________________________________________________

12. Ecological Information

Environmental : When used and/or disposed of as indicated no


adverse environmental effects are foreseen.
Mobility : Non-volatile / Insoluble in water.
Degradability : Bio-degradable.
___________________________________________________________________________

13. Disposal Considerations

Product and packaging must be disposed of in accordance with local and national
regulations. May be incinerated. Unused product may be returned for reclamation.
___________________________________________________________________________

14. Transport Information

The products is not classified as hazardous goods for land, sea and air transport.
___________________________________________________________________________

15. Regulatory Information

None required.
___________________________________________________________________________

16. Other Information

MSDS Issued : February 1997.

The information provided in this Safety Data Sheet is correct to the best of our knowledge, information, and belief
at the date of its publication. The information given is designed as a guidance for safe handling, use, processing,
storage, transportation, disposal and release and is not to be considered as a warranty or quality specification. The
information relates only to the specific material designated and may not be valid for such material in combination
with any other materials or in any process, unless specified in the text.

Page 3 of 3
Sorbsil SILICA GEL C Quality
SAFETY DATA SHEET
________________________________________________________________________________________
1. Product and Company Identification
Product Name : Sorbsil Silica Gel C Quality - Iron compound impregnated silica gel.
Supplier : INEOS Silicas Ltd
P O Box 26
Warrington
Cheshire
WA5 1AB
Telephone No : +44 (0)1925 416100
Fax No : +44 (0)1925 416116
Emergency Tel No : +44 (0)1925 416100
________________________________________________________________________________________
2. Composition/Information of Ingredients
Ingredient(s) %WW CAS No EINECS No EC Classification
Synthetic amorphous silica >93% 112926-00-8 2315454 Occupational
Exposure Limits
Ferric ammonium sulphate <5% 7783-63-7 Occupational
Exposure Limits
Water <5% 7732-18-5 2317912
________________________________________________________________________________________
3. Hazards Identification
EC Classification Not classified as Dangerous for Supply/Use.
Exposure to any kind of dust is potentially harmful.
________________________________________________________________________________________
4. First Aid Measures
Eye Contact : If substance has got into eyes, immediately wash out with plenty of
water. Obtain immediate medical attention.
Skin contact : Wash affected skin with plenty of water. If symptoms develop,
obtain medical attention.
Ingestion : Do not induce vomiting. Wash out mouth with water. If large
amount swallowed or symptoms develop, obtain medical advice.
Inhalation : Remove from exposure. Keep warm and at rest. If symptoms
develop, obtain medical attention .
________________________________________________________________________________________
5. Fire-Fighting Measures
General : Not applicable. Inorganic powder or granules. Not combustible.
________________________________________________________________________________________
6. Accidental Release Measures
Personal Protection : Wear appropriate protective clothing. Wear eye/face protection.
An approved dust mask should be worn if dust is generated during
handling. See also Section 8.
Spillage : Contain spillage. Dampening with water can reduce dust. Sweep or
preferably, vacuum up and collect in suitable containers for recovery
or disposal.
________________________________________________________________________________________
Page 1 of 4
Revision: v3 Date: 13/02/2003
MSDS: 0065300 Ref: 0000
Sorbsil SILICA GEL C Quality
SAFETY DATA SHEET
________________________________________________________________________________________
7. Handling and Storage
Handling : Avoid generation of dust. See Section 8.
A considerable static electrical charge can be built up during
mechanical handling which may become a hazard in atmospheres
containing flammable vapours. Advice on the control of static is
given in BS 5958.
Storage : Keep containers tightly closed and dry.
________________________________________________________________________________________
8. Exposure Controls/Personal Protection
Synthetic amorphous silica :
Silica amorphous, total inhalable dust: UK EH40:OES 6mg/m³ 8h
TWA; Silica amorphous, respirable dust: UK EH40:OES 2.4mg/m³
8h TWA.
Silica Gel: AVGIH: TLV 10mg/m³ 8h TWA.
Precipitated silica : ACGIH: 10mg/m³ 8h TWA.
Ferric ammonium sulphate : Iron salts (as Fe) : UK EH40: OES 1mg/m³ 8h TWA.
Iron salts (as Fe) : UK EH40: OES 2mg/m³ 15min STEL.
Iron salts, soluble (as Fe) : ACGIH: TLV 1mg/m³ 8h TWA.
General : Engineering methods to prevent or control exposure are preferred.
Methods include process or personnel enclosure, mechanical
ventilation (dilution and local exhaust) and control of process
conditions.
Respirators : Avoid inhalation of dusts. Wear suitable respiratory protective
equipment if working in confined spaces with inadequate ventilation
or where there is any risk of the exposure limits being exceeded.
Advice on respiratory protective equipment is given in the HSE
(Health & Safety Executive) publication HS(G)53.
Skin Contact : Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves. Plastic or rubber
gloves. For example EN374-3. Wear suitable overalls.
Eye Protection : Safety spectacles. Goggles.
Other : Wear protective equipment to comply with good occupational
hygiene practice. Do not eat, drink or smoke at the workplace.
________________________________________________________________________________________
9. Physical and Chemical Properties
Form : Granules.
Colour : Orange
Odour : Odourless.
pH (Value) : 1.5 - 5 at 5 % w/w in water.
Melting Point : >1000°C.
Flash Point (°C) (Closed cup) : Not applicable.
Flammable Limits (Lower) : Not applicable.
(%v/v)
Solubility in Water : Insoluble.
_______________________________________________________________________________________

Page 2 of 4
Revision: v3 Date: 13/02/2003
MSDS: 0065300 Ref: 0000
Sorbsil SILICA GEL C Quality
SAFETY DATA SHEET
________________________________________________________________________________________
10. Stability and Reactivity
Stability : This product is hygroscopic.
Hazardous Reactions : Keep at temperatures not exceeding 150 °C.
Regeneration of the product by microwave drying must be avoided.
Hazardous Decomposition
Products : Ammonia. Nitrogen oxides. Sulphur oxides.
________________________________________________________________________________________
11. Toxicological Information
Acute Toxicity : The lethal dose for humans for synthetic amorphous silica is
estimated at over 15000 mg/kg.
Synthetic amorphous silica is a permitted food additive in the UK,
USA and many other countries.
Inhalation : Synthetic amorphous silica gel has little adverse effect on the lungs
and does not produce significant disease or toxic effect when
exposure is kept below the permitted limits. However, existing
medical conditions (e.g.. asthma, bronchitis) may be aggravated by
exposure to dust. Effects of dust may be greater, and occur at lower
levels of exposure in smokers compared to non-smokers.
Eye contact : Dust may cause discomfort and mild irritation.
Skin contact : Dust may have a drying effect on the skin.
Carcinogenicity : IARC assessment: Amorphous silica is not classifiable as to its
carciogenicity to humans (Group 3).
________________________________________________________________________________________
12. Ecological Information
Ecotoxicity : Synthetic amorphous silica is virtually inert and has no known
adverse effect on the environment.
________________________________________________________________________________________
13. Disposal Considerations
Recommended : Disposal should be in accordance with local, state or national
legislation.
This product normally causes no problems in sewage treatment
works, where it settles with sewage sludge.
This material is not classified as hazardous waste under EEC
Directive 91/689/EEC. This material is not classified as special
waste under the UK Special Waste Regulations 1996.
________________________________________________________________________________________
14. Transport Information
Not classified according to the United Nations, 'Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous
Goods'.
Packaging : No special packaging requirements.
________________________________________________________________________________________

Page 3 of 4
Revision: v3 Date: 13/02/2003
MSDS: 0065300 Ref: 0000
Sorbsil SILICA GEL C Quality
SAFETY DATA SHEET
________________________________________________________________________________________
15. Regulatory Information
EC Classification : Not classified as Dangerous for Supply/Use.
Safety Phrases : Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety
practices. Avoid inhalation of dust.

TSCA Inventory Status : Mixture - all components included.


AICS Inventory Status : Mixture - all components included.
DSL/NDSL Inventory Status : Mixture - all components included.
________________________________________________________________________________________
16. Other Information
The following sections contain revisions or new statements: All sections.

MSDS first Issued : 7 March 2000.


MSDS data revised : 13 February 2003.

Information contained in this publication or as otherwise supplied to Users is believed to be accurate and is given in good faith, but it
is for the Users to satisfy themselves of the suitability of the product for their own particular purpose. Ineous Silicas gives no warranty
as to the fitness of the product for any particular purpose and any implied warranty or condition (statutory or otherwise) is excluded
except to the extent that exclusion is prevented by law. Ineous Silicas accepts no liability for loss or damage (other than that arising
from death or personal injury caused by defective product, if proved), resulting from reliance on this information. Freedom under
Patents, Copyright and Designs cannot be assumed.

Page 4 of 4
Revision: v3 Date: 13/02/2003
MSDS: 0065300 Ref: 0000