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News analysis Health Business

Ugandan traders battle Mulago’s breakthrough Coffee’s future lebrating


Indians over fish maws heart bypass surgery in dilemma Ce

Issue No. 509 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 Ushs 5,000,Kshs 200, RwF 1,500, SDP 8
Years

Fight over Shs44 trillion


mobile money
Telecoms protest State House move
to monitor business

Money
60m
transfered
MTN
Mobile
Money
55 m
Airtel
Money

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Independent Publications Limited, Plot 82/84, Kanjokya Street, P. O. Box 3304, Kampala, Uganda
Tel: +256-312-637-391/ 2/ 3/ 4 | Fax: +256-312-637-396 | E-mail: editorial@independent.co.ug,
advertising@independent.co.ug, circulation@independent.co.ug Website: www.independent.co.ug
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Issue No. 509 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018

Money
60m
Fight over transfered
Shs44 trillion MTN
mobile money Mobile
Money
Telecoms protest 55 m
State House move to Airtel
monitor business
Money
The Week The Last Word Analysis Business Arts &
Culture
4|Parliament The problem 14|Mulago’s 24|Coffee’s future
honours Heart breakthrough heart in dilemma:
institute surgeons with Africa: bypass surgery: Kampala
35|Mistress
of sculpture
If our The doctors and the conference
celebrates 25
countries patients tell their story discusses ways of
years
increasing output;
4|Parliament vets remain poor, but many wonder
newly appointed it’s because its who would buy it 37|Hands-free
judges amidst phone
complaints
leaders and 16|Fish maw wars:
use while driving:
elites are too Ugandan traders battle
25|NSSF in How safe is that?
Chinese, Indians, over
kind to their corporate
lucrative business
4|Districts with people to force citizenship drive:
Elderly grants see Fund’s customer
reduced poverty transformation satisfaction rate
levels has grown from
49% seven years
ago to 92% as at
the end of last
December

STRATEGY & EDITORIAL DIRECTOR: Andrew M. Mwenda WRITERS:Ronald Musoke, Flavia Nassaka, Ian Katusiime,
MANAGING EDITOR: Joseph Were Agnes Nantaba, Agather Atuhaire, Julius Businge.
INVESTIGATIONS EDITOR: Haggai Matsiko DESIGN/LAYOUT: Sarah Ngororano, Harriet Jamwa.
BUSINESS EDITOR: Isaac Khisa
PHOTOGRAPHER: Jimmy Siya

PUBLISHER: Independent Publications Limited, Plot 82/84, Kanjokya Street, P. O. Box 3304, Kampala, Uganda
Tel: +256-312-637-391/ 2/ 3/ 4 | Fax: +256-312-637-396 E-mail: editor@independent.co.ug | advertising@independent.co.ug
circulation@independent.co.ug | Website: www.independent.co.ug

2 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


Offline

The President Museveni


receives the interim
report from lady
Justice Catherine
Bamugemereire who
leads the commission
of inquiry into land
matters shortly after
their meeting at the “A church that hears nothing when the
State lodge in Kawumu
Luwero on Feb 15. noise of disagreeable and discordant
governance is everywhere and evident, is
a deaf church.” Justice James Ogoola urging
religious leaders to speak out on politics

Deborah Malac, the


American Ambassador
to Uganda giving a
speech during the 16th
African fine coffee
conference on Feb
15. She pledged to
work with the coffee “Everything in this country is attached
farmers to boost
yields for export to the
to Ghosts. Ghost refugees, ghost schools,
USA.   INDEPENDENT/ ghost MPs and Cabinet ministers. We
JIMMY SIYA have ghosts everywhere and corruption
is motivating these ghosts.” Prof.
Venansius Baryamureeba, former presidential
candidate

Women of Nakasongora
matching in a campaign
against cancer. This
campaign was sponsored by
Uganda Non Communicable
Diseases Alliance. (UNCDA)

“If the NRM feels Museveni has


overstayed it will recall him but the
NRM does not feel that way right now”
JOfwono Opondo, Government spokesperson,
on Jacob Zuma’s forced resignation by the ANC

NGOs in trouble over International marketing Money MPs


20 alleged misappropriation
of refugee cash 50 firms that will be hosted
at the Pearl of Africa Shs20bn requested for revival
of cooperatives
Tourism Expo

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 3


week

Boda Boda riders set


to be registered Parliament honours Heart institute surgeons
Parliament on Feb.15 moved Tom Mwambu were the first from FY 2018/2019 to cater for
Amidst increasing complaints a resolution to honor sur- of the kind in the country to be the improvement of services at
about the Boda Boda industry geons from the Uganda Heart done by local doctors whereby the institute.
being unregulated, the Institute who have success- patients who have previously Meanwhile, the Institute has
government will soon start fully conducted two surgeries required the treatment have registered a growing trend in
registering all cyclists in on patients suffering from had it done abroad. heart operations whereby this
Kampala once drafting of Coronary artery heart disease. In a resolution, Ruhinda year they are planning to carry
guidelines is complete. Kampala Dubbed, triple and double North MP Thomas Tayebwa out 650 operations of which
City Council Authority’s coronary bypass heart surger- asked that parliament makes an 400 of these are catheterization
Director for Corporate Affairs ies, the operations conducted annual allocation of an equiva- procedures, 100 open heart
Peter Kaujju revealed this to by a team of 14 experts from the lent of a sum of Shs10billion to surgeries and 150 closed and
journalists saying they are heart institute led by surgeons the institute successively the other surgeries like the bypass
currently engaging relevant Dr. William Manyilirah and next five years commencing procedures.
authorities where the industry
falls to see what’s required
for the registration exercise to Parliament vets newly appointed judges amidst complaints
kick off. He said the plan is to
release a registration roadmap
highlighting which areas to be
registered first in addition to
ousting guidelines which will
provide the procedure one
has to follow to engage in the
business which will involve
taxes to be paid, areas gazatted
as stages, identification for
riders and the procedure to elect
leaders among others.
This move however follows
sharp disagreements between
leaders of several Boda Boda The 14 judges to the High Asiimwe Tadeo, nominated for complained of being prevented
associations and allegations Court and the Court of Appeal appointment as judges of the from sitting at the bar.
of some of them involving in appointed by the President High Court. According to parliament,
criminal activities that recently were last week vetted by parlia- According to a Feb.15 state- once the complaints were
Abdallah Kitatta, the leader ment’s appointment committee. ment from Parliament, the received, the office of the
of a faction Boda Boda 2010 However the speaker Rebecca complainants against the judi- speaker set out to investigate
was arrested over engaging in Kadaga headed committee cial officers included Kercan the matter as the complainants
criminal activities. However, in didn’t confirm all of them Prosper, a Grade II Magistrate, had already filed their griev-
2013, the authority attempted to as they received complaints who complained about his ances with the Judicial Service
register Boda Bodas operating against five nominees; Justice administrative transfer from Commission (JSC).
in the city but the exercise was Stephen Musota and Justice Nabweru Court to Kiboga. He The appointments committee
halted by police as many of Christopher Madrama, nomi- said his transfer was malicious however is said to have estab-
them resisted the exercise and nated for appointment as Jus- and intended to frustrate his lished that all the complaints
rivalry between the different tices of Appeal. The others were pursuit of a master’s degree. filed with the JSC had no merit
associations intensified. Paul Gadenya, Alex Ajiji and Another one – Male Mabirizi and proceeded to vet them.

*terms and conditions apply

Dial *134 * 7#
4 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018
Week

Districts with Elderly grants see reduced poverty levels Kirumira legally before
elderly and other vulnerable people. In police tribunal, court
what can be seen as the most significant
contribution of SAGE to growth and Buganda Road
development yet, analysis of the UBOS Court on Feb.15 dis-
household survey 2016/17 established missed embattled
that poverty increased across the former Buyende
country from 19.7 per cent in 2013 to District Police com-
mander and Assis-
21.4 percent in 2016—an increase of 1.7
tant Superintendent
per cent. However, in SAGE districts the
of Police Moham-
story was different with poverty rates
mad Kirumira’s
falling from 31.1 per cent to 30.8 per
application that
cent—a drop of 0.3 per cent. In 15 non- sought uncondi-
SAGE benefiting districts with similar Mohammad Kirumira
tional release from
socio-economic characteristics as the 15 police custody,
SAGE benefitting districts, the poverty work.
having spent more However Kiru-
rates in non-SAGE benefiting districts than 48 hrs without
increased from 21.7 per cent to 23.5 per mira’s Father
being charged. Abubakar Kawooya
SAGE districts have witnessed improved cent—an increase of 1.8 per cent. A 2016 Grade One
agricultural output UNICEF-sponsored evaluation of SAGE who filed this appli-
Magistrate Robert cation together with
using UBOS 2009 and 2013 national Mukanza dismissed
Districts that received grants from household survey data compared the his Lawyer Jude
the application on Mbabali were not in
the Ministry of Gender, Labour and 15 SAGE districts against 15 similar grounds that Kiru-
Social Development have seen a drop districts. The study showed that SAGE court to receive the
mira being a police ruling.
in poverty levels, according to a recent contributed to a six-percentage point officer at the rank Kirumira has
analysis by Uganda Bureau of Statistics increase in employment and an 80 per of Assistant Super- been in detention
(UBOS). While poverty levels in districts cent growth in median wages in SAGE intendent of Police, since Feb.01 when
have generally gone up, the study versus non-SAGE districts. A more recent is legally before the he was arrested by
notes that districts which have been study just released, conducted by the Police Disciplin- the Police Flying
receiving monthly grants of Shs25000 United Nations University/University of ary Tribunal, and Squad in Bulenga
under the ministry’s Social Assistance Maastricht in the Netherlands, University legally confined in a Wakiso district.
Grants for Empowerment (SAGE), have of Manchester (UK) and the School of gazetted place pre- Since then he has
seen poverty levels decline. Some of Social Sciences of Makerere University scribed by the law. been held at Nalufe-
the districts include; Amudat, Apac, helps explain how SAGE contributes to Magistrate nya Detention
Kaberamaido, Katakwi, Kiboga, Kole, growth and development. SAGE is run Mukanza noted Centre in Jinja and
Kyankwanzi, Kyegegwa, Kyenjojo, under the Expanding Social Protection Buganda Road has been appearing
Moroto, Nakapiripirit, Napak, Nebbi, Programme by the government of Court has therefore before the police
Zombo, Yumbe etc with over 154,000 Uganda through Ministry of Gender and no jurisdiction to tribunal of charges
beneficiaries. The grant targets the supported by UK and Irish Aid. question or interfere of misconduct and
with the tribunal’s corruption.
competence and
Ethiopia declares state of emergency Toxic substances
after Prime Minister resignation found in foreigners’ Sam Mwandha is
bodies, Kayima new UWA boss
Ethiopia’s Prime have been lost too. A
Minister Hailemariam day after the Prime Sam Mwandha has replaced Andrew
Desalegn’s Minister’s resignation Seguya as the new Executive Director
announcement that he the country’s Minister The police spokesperson of Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA).
had resigned came off for Defense Siraj Emilian Kayima revealed to Mwandha a Veteran Conservationist
as a surprise. In this Fegessa said a state of journalists on Feb.19 that foreign with experience spanning 20 years in
Feb.15 televised speech, emergency was imposed substances were found in bod- wildlife management and conservation
Desalegn said he had on the country and that ies of the two foreigners they competed and beat the incumbent and
resolved to step down it will last six months. discovered dead in top Kampala Achilles Byaruhanga of Nature Uganda
to allow for smooth He said government has hotels. The two foreigners – for the job.
reforms, a thing that made efforts to curtail Tersvouri Toomajuha Petteri Mwandha has been serving as a chief
happened for the first violence but the fights from Finland and Alex Sebas- of party at African Wildlife Foundation.
time in the country’s have continued and tian from Sweden were found Before that, he worked as Executive Sec-
history. infrastructure has been dead at Pearl of Africa Hotel on retary at Greater Virunga Transbound-
This happens amidst damaged a thing that is Feb.05 and Sheraton Kampala ary Collaboration (GVTC) and also at the
unrest in the country forcing the government hotel on Feb.06 respectively. Authority as Director for Conservation.
where outbreaks to come up with more The bodies were cleared for Once confirmed in this position, he
of violence have measures to normalize evacuation last week after post- will now be in charge of all the national
displaced many people the situation. mortem exams were completed parks, sanctuaries and community wild-
whereas some lives life areas across the country

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 5


Week

MTN reduces Trial date for Gashumba fraud case set


data rates Buganda Road Court has set sonate Ministry of defense the Republic of South Suda-
next Monday February 26 as officials and fraudulently obtain nese Ministries of Agriculture,
MTN Uganda has revised the date to hear a case in which money from two Dutch nation- Health, Education, Finance and
data rates to continue the drive Kampala City socialite Frank als, under pretext of offering Transport.
towards ensuring offering Gashumba and his brother them tenders to supply farm Chief Magistrate James
affordable internet to Ugan- Innocent Kasumba are accused equipment to the said Ministry. Ereemye Mawanda set the
dans. The reduction in data of fraud. Prosecution further alleges trial date after Resident State
is expected to drive further The two are said to have con- that Gashumba and Kasumba Attorney Jonathan Muwaganya
internet connectivity, facilitate nived with a Tour and Travel were found in possession of informed court that investiga-
business growth and enable guide Ismail Kiyingi, to imper- narcotics and forged IDs from tions in the case are complete.
communication through inter-
net-based channels. The rate
reduction, according to Wim
Vanhelleputte the MTN Ugan-
da CEO, is an indication that
as uptake and internet usage
continues to grow, the inter-
net rates will also continue to
fall. “What we are currently
witnessing is data revolu-
tion coming into full swing.
The reduction in pricing is
by over 100%, indicating our
commitment towards internet
connectivity and affordability
for all,” he said. The revised
data bundles are not just
price based but also include
increased volumes for a lower
price. For instance, the lower
data bundle threshold has
been increased to 15MBs from
10MB at a price of Shs250. For The Gashumba brothers in the dock with the co-accused
Shs5000, a customer would
get 325MB.
MPs visit sugar factory after Lugazi leaders’ petition
On Feb.13, members of par- The committee headed by Isin- treatment plant where he told
liament attached to the Natural giro South MP Alex Byarugaba them that it’s where the water
Resources Committee visited had also received reports that is collected and treated before
Sugar Corporation of Uganda the factory directly discharges being released and that the
Limited (SCOUL) factory in water waste into the nearby allegations were unfounded.
Lugazi Municipality following streams without treating it. But, they conceded that some
a petition by local leaders that However, the MPs were measures put in place by the
the area is suffering from foul guided on a tour by Mehta National Environmental Man-
smell after the factory failed to Group of Companies Regional agement Authority (NEMA)
properly dispose off their waste. Director Suresh Sharma to their were not being followed.

6 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


Humour Did you know?
This super wood
could replace steel

Engineers at the University of


Maryland, College Park (UMD)
have found a way to make wood
Former Buyende District Police Commander Muhammed Kirumira facing various more than 10 times stronger and
charges, protested the bail conditions he termed as “harsh”. The conditions required
him to get a senior officer above his rank to stand surety for him. tougher than before, creating a
natural substance that is stronger
than many titanium alloys. “This
new way to treat wood makes it 12
times stronger than natural wood
and 10 times tougher,” said Liang-
bing Hu of UMD’s A. James Clark
School of Engineering and the lead-
er of the team that did the research
published in the journal `Nature’.
“It is both strong and tough, which
is a combination not usually found
in nature,” said Teng Li, the co-
leader of the team and Samuel P.
Langley Associate Professor of
mechanical engineering at UMD’s
President Museveni has warned religious leaders to stop provoking him with calls to leave power stating that Clark School. His team measured
he won’t accept to be guided on issues which he knows better. the dense wood’s mechanical
properties. “It is as strong as steel,
but six times lighter. It takes 10
times more energy to fracture than
natural wood. It can even be bent
and molded at the beginning of
the process.” The team also tested
the new wood material and natu-
ral wood by shooting bullet-like
projectiles at it. The projectile blew
straight through the natural wood.
The fully treated wood stopped
the projectile partway through.
“This kind of wood could be used
in cars, airplanes, buildings -- any
application where steel is used,”
South Africa’s new president Cyril Ramaphosa took the oath on Feb
15 after being elected by the parliament in Cape Town Hu said.

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 7


News analysis Health Business
Maize everywhere, After the Mengo Sugar price to lebratin
but no store anywhere Hospital death drop further Ce g

Issue No. 508 Feb 16 - 22, 2018


Ushs 5,000,Kshs 200, RwF 1,500, SDP 8

Years

Shs700bn loan saga


The politics behind calls to censure
Kasaija, fire Muhakanizi

Inbox
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www.facebook.com/TheIndependentMagazineUganda million PTA Bank loan

www.independent.co.ug

Letters are Africans have enough resources


welcome ! Refer to: “Fashionable with foreigners (ii) mort- There are enough
The Editor welcomes short and nonsense” (The Indepen- gage the future of the whole resources to spare. It is the
concise letters from our esteemed dent Feb.09). Mwenda nation including the yet-to- management aka gover-
readers on topical issues. Please subscribes to the ‘man-eat- be-born by incurring unnec- nance which is defective.
send them to:
The Editor, The Independent man’ school of thought. The essary debts (iii)neglecting You don’t have to industri-
Publications Ltd, politicians request for votes youth and unwittingly alise Uganda. Agriculture
P.O Box 3304, with polite bows but with creating a criminal society and the good God-given
Plot 82/84 Kanjokya St, secret malevolence in their ala kifeesi and others (iv) climate, Uganda can feed all
Kamwokya. hearts. The bribes are just neglecting public health neighbours and export all
Kampala,Uganda.
bait with which they lure giving rise to occasional sorts of produce to far-off
Email: editor@independent.co.ug the helpless voter in order epidemics outbreak (v) lands. Uganda Agriculture
to get the opportunity to underpaying professionals can be locally developed
attain the ultimate goal of leading to brain drain (vi) and will solely feed the
power. With power they condoning and abetting Middle East and earn ten
Mwenda defeats himself get much. I personally
wouldn’t have any quarrel
corruption leading to incul-
cating theft as a habit (vii)
times than polluting the
lake and countryside mbu
Refer to: “Fashionable nonsense” (The with that if it helps them to failure to be proactive but oil extraction; which oil
Independent Feb.09) .It is very interesting lead opulent lifestyles and only reacting when crime accruals (knowledgeable
to see how people’s attitudes on politics other excesses which are has spiraled out of control, people are saying) are
change overtime. Some of us who have been despicable to cultured folk. and (viii) being irrespon- already half eaten.
following Mwenda from the early days at My concern is when they sible, heedless, inattentive Rwasubutare
the Monitor newspaper wonder what it is (i)stupidly start to damage and negligent yet you are
that makes a man change his outlook on the environment in cahoots in-charge.
politics. To argue that the fundamental rea-
son for Africa’s misery is poverty or lack of
resources while at the same time showcasing Why Museveni cannot resign State enterprises
Rwanda’s tremendous achievements with
the least resources is self-defeating. Africa’s Of recent Africa has seen a president and making losses
problem is not “poverty”, it is bad gover- a prime minister resign in the same weeks.
nance period. What does this say about President Yoweri Refer to: “State-owned enterprises
Museveni who has been a president for saddled with losses” (The Independent
Mulumba over 30 years? You will note that the former Feb.09). It’s unfortunate to see Bank
president of South Africa, Jacob Zuma who of Uganda, the Uganda Electricity
and the former Ethiopian prime minister Distribution Company Ltd, among
Muhakanizi, Kasaija Hailemariam Desalegn were put into their others that are making such losses.
positions by their political parties. That why The enterprises that make losses have
Shs700bn saga it was easy for the same party supporters an element of not running purely as
to hold them at ransom while Museveni is a business. Imagine Ugandans are
having a field day as a leader. crying to have power and you cannot
Refer to: “The Shs700bn loan saga” (The This is because no even give it to them. It means there is a
Independent Feb.16) and calls to censure the one sent him problem in the way it’s managed. The
Minister of Finance, Matia Kasaija, and the to liberate COEs and MDs; the top leaders have to
PS/Secretary to Treasury, Keith Muhakanizi. Uganda. see organisations they head as purely
If the Muhakanizis of this world were to Perhaps business. A successful CEO must smell
be hailing from the N or E of the country Museveni’s money and must make money in a
the story would read differently today. style of reasonable time. The opportunities to
Remember the naughty girl Kabakumba management generate and make money are there.
Matsiko? But these guys case is far worse would perfectly suit For example some villages are very
but believe me they will survive the axe not Africa. rich but live in darkness yet that’s an
that they are innocent but the W factor will Winnie opportunity to give power and charge
come into play. My grandmother taught me them. Leaders style up.
to believe the simple biology that “blood is
thicker than water!” Ntoni Timbyetaho,
CEO Financial Planning Campaign
Odongkara -East Africa

8 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


The Last Word Opinion

The problem with Africa


By Andrew M. Mwenda
If our countries remain poor, it’s because its leaders and
elites are too kind to their people to force transformation

L
ast week, President Yoweri Mu- for capitalist transformation to occur. Even a works or selling cotton to the British (that
seveni tweeted a picture of himself casual reading of novels by Charles Dickens is the origin of calling it a “cash crop”). So
pushing a bicycle in some village on the UK and John Steinbeck on the U.S. is the British instituted a brutal and violent
“promoting” an irrigation scheme. It enough to horrify anyone about the tragic tax collection system using local chiefs. To
was a masterstroke in the politics of dealing effects of this transition. create incentives for effective (and ruthless)
with peasants whose support he desires. In the UK, masses of people were dis- measures to collect taxes, the British govern-
The problem was the medium of broad- placed through wholesale land-grabbing ment used to pay chiefs a commission on
casting his initiative – Twitter. called the “Enclosure Movement.” The taxes they collected.
The Uganda social media crowd dislike aim was to open up these lands for com- The lowest head tax was the value of a big
Museveni. Being educated and urban, mercial agriculture; to rear sheep – because he-goat, today at Shs 150,000 to Shs 250,000
they see agriculture as a reflection of wool had become very profitable. What depending on which part of the country
backwardness. I agree. No country where followed? Deprived of his right to use you are. (Uganda abolished graduated tax
most people depend on agriculture for a common land, the peasant could not main- when it was Shs 5,000). Africans diverted
livelihood is rich. Trying to help peasants tain himself as a farmer. And since there their energies from producing food to pay
become better at what they do may be good weren’t factories to employ him, he became this tax with tragic consequences. Food
politics and even improve their lot but it an agricultural worker – reunited to the production plummeted and people starved
cannot transform them. The future pros- same land through the agency and initiative to death.
perity of Africa will depend on ending the of capital – or became a beggar, a robber, Jan Jorgensen in `Uganda, A Modern His-
peasantry. often a pauper. tory’ has recorded this tragedy: in Buganda,
Ending peasantry has historically been The English parliament, terrified by the population declined from over one mil-
accompanied by brutality, as I will demon- paupers, passed laws tying them in desig- lion in 1888 to 650,000 in 1920. In Busoga,
strate later in this article. African leaders, nated workhouses which one clergyman the population declined from about one
including Museveni, have been accused of called “Houses of Terror”. Those found million in 1890 to 220,000 in 1923 – it was
being brutal towards their citizens. This, it wondering (often looking for work) genocide. Thus although our people could
has been argued, explains Africa’s inability were declared vagabonds and would be not eat cotton, the British proved that cotton
to transform from poverty to riches. Yet whipped, branded, and mutilated. That is could eat them.
African leaders do not seem willing to how the UK created an industrial working It is on the basis of this knowledge of
employ the level of brutality that countries class out of the peasantry. The govern- capitalist development that I am inclined to
in Europe used to eradicate the peasantry. ment and elites of UK were not “kind to believe that if Africa has not transformed,
For many years I believed it is the brutality their people” as many British citizens and at least as rapidly as we would wish, it is
and greed of African leaders that kept our African elites reading re-written British his- not because our leaders and elites broadly
people in poverty. Today I want to stand tory have come to believe. are greedy and brutal. It is because they are
this argument on its head and argue that Karl Marx said that capitalism came too morally tied in webs of social obliga-
Africa is poor because its leaders (and elites to the world dripping with the blood of tions with their people to act brutally to
broadly) are too kind to their people. This labour. He was right. When the Europeans transform our nations as the Europeans
is because they have not broken free from came to colonise Africa in order to open did at home and in the colonies. The other
primordial values of the peasants in villages it up to their industrialists at home, they restraint could be the unwillingness of the
from which the vast majority of them come. confronted the same challenge of how to “international community” to tolerate it.
So they lack autonomy in the formulation of create not only a monetary economy but Hence Museveni, his arch rival Kizza
their values and decision-making processes. also a labouring class out of the peasantry. Besigye along with most Ugandan elites
This change of mind came from years of In Uganda specifically, the British wanted campaign to protect the people from “land-
introspection and reflection. It was inspired “natives” to produce cotton (to pay for the grabbers”. Yet land-grabbing, if it is by
by my love of philosophy, which has led Uganda Railway) and also provide labour Ugandans, would be a sign of an incipient
me to read history voraciously. I took my on public works. But Africans were sub- capitalist class seeking to introduce the
lesson from Lord Bolingbroke via Will sistence farmers producing food for their commercial motive into agriculture. In pro-
Durant that “philosophy is history teaching own consumption. They did not want to tecting peasants’, Museveni, Besigye and
by example.” But most critically, it was produce crops they did not consume or take other elites in Uganda may achieve some
inspired by Socrates who taught that “phi- jobs on public works to earn money they humanitarian objective but at the price of
losophy begins when one learns to doubt, did not need. disabling the very mechanisms that have
especially to doubt one’s strongly held To transform a subsistence economy into historically facilitated the penetration of
beliefs, dogmas, and axioms.” a monetary economy, the British needed commercial relations into agrarian struc-
When reading the history the Western to create demand for money among the tures and thereby transformed societies and
world, especially the United Kingdom and natives. The solution was extortionate taxa- created the wealth of nations.
United States, I get appalled by the violence tion. The only way to get money to pay
and brutality ordinary people had to suffer tax was by selling one’s labour to public amwenda@independent.co.ug

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 9


cover story

Fight over Shs44 trillion


mobile money
Telecoms protest State House move
to monitor business

Money
60m
transfered
MTN
Mobile
Money
55 m
Airtel
Money
10 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018
cover story

A
By Haggai Matsiko monitored by UCC through the INMS
created pursuant to section 5(1) (u)
fight is raging between of the Uganda Communications Act,
telecom operators on one 2013.
side, and the Uganda Airtel had earlier in an October 23,
Communications 2017, letter raised concerns about the
Commissions (UCC), the legality of INMS being implemented
Uganda Police Force, by Uganda Police contrary to
and State House on the other, over section 5(1) (u) of the Uganda
moves to monitor the Shs44 trillion Communications Act, 2013.
mobile money business. In conclusion, Airtel said it would
At the heart of the fight is a push await the requisite Memorandum of
by President Yoweri Museveni to get Understanding (MoU) among others,
full access of the telecom data systems which would define among others;
through the multi-billion technology the technical requirements for UCC’s
called Intelligence Network INMS; the parameters to be monitored
Monitoring System (INMS) that by UCC through the INMS; the scope
government put in place last year. of information to be accessed by UCC
While Uganda has multiple telecom through the INMS and the commercial
companies, the fight to defend terms in respect of Airtel’s resources
business secrecy appears to have been that will be used by the UCC for the
left to the two telecom giants—MTN INMS and other related matters.
Uganda, which says it controls 55% Insiders say MTN also raised some
of the telecom market share or about objections but was not as assertive as
11.2 million subscribers, and its main President Yoweri Museveni Airtel Uganda. Insiders suspect the
challenger; Airtel Uganda. telecom giant is not keen to stir up a
Although Museveni acquired the storm with the government at a time
INMS to monitor mainly the data when it is looking to get a renewal of
and voice operations of the telecoms, its concession, which expires this year.
the current disagreements appear to The Independent wrote emails to both
stem from the push by government MTN Uganda and Airtel Uganda for a
departments to pry into mobile comment. The two had not responded
money, which is the biggest cash cow by press time.
of the telecoms. Mobile money, which
has been growing very fast, had a State House’s role
value of Shs44 trillion at the end of Mutabazi copied his directive in
2016. That is what the Uganda Police, the letter to ICT Minister, Frank
State House, and the Ministry of ICT Tumwebaze, IGP Kayihura, the former
want to get involved in. Director ICT, Amos Ngabirano and
Since telecoms started operating, Maj Gen. Muhoozi Kainerugaba.
they have been doing what is called Muhoozi’s involvement is a
self-declaration to the sector regulator, window into the involvement of
UCC. But with the entry of mobile State House. President Museveni was
money, which requires financial sector directly involved in procuring the
regulation, and the advent of cyber technology, which among others also
security and terrorism which implies monitors Mobile Money operations,
roles for security agencies, several international calls and other data
control wars have erupted. operations.
At the centre of the fight are the It is not clear how much was
telecom operators, the Inspector invested in the technology but at the
General of Police Gen. Kale Kayihura, time it was being procured, estimates
President Museveni’s son, Maj. Gen. Eng.Godfrey Mutabazi put the cost at between $20-30 million
Muhoozi Kainerugaba, who also (Shs 66 billion—99 billion).
doubles as the Presidential Advisor on establish an INMS lies exclusively After several frustrated attempts
Special Operations, ICT Minister Frank with the UCC and not the Uganda to procure the technology, President
Tumwebaze and sector regulator, UCC Police or any other department/agency Museveni finally awarded the deal to a
boss Godfrey Mutabazi. of the Government of Uganda. company called Global Voice last year.
The fight is an escalation of “We are not aware of any Global Voice had always chased the
incidents from as early as November amendment to this provision or any deal through spy-turned businessman,
last year when UCC directed that other law or regulation that provides Abu Mukasa. Abu Mukasa used
telecoms grant the Uganda Police for INMS for Uganda Police,” notes to work for the External Security
access to their Mobile Money V.G Somasekhar, the Airtel Executive Organisation (ESO) but with the right
operations data. The telecoms Director in a letter to UCC. god fathers, he became a big time
protested. Apart from this, Airtel noted, the broker.
In a letter dated November 13, for Mobile Money services is regulated He was at one point an aide de
instance, Airtel Uganda noted that by Bank of Uganda under a different camp to Justice Minister Kahinda
from section 5(1) (u) of the UCC law and as such does not fall with in Otafiire and later switched camps
Act, the obligation and function to the category of services that should be and got closer to Amama Mbabazi,

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 11


cover story

former Prime Minister. Mukasa, had Police is also being asked to manage flag, the fact that the regulator relies
co-founded Hits telecom, which was the technology because initially, on the operators audited financial
later sold to Orange, making him insiders say, for President Museveni, statements to raise invoices of the 2%
Orange’s first Ugandan director, and the biggest motivation to procure the levy on the revenue.
brought a company to procure the technology was in its security features “A review of the revenue collection
technology. The company known as like enabling eavesdropping. It is not system revealed that the Commission
GlobalVoice, was founded by former yet clear how the fall- out between has not yet built capacity to
Haiti President-- Laurent Lamothe. President Museveni and police has independently verify the revenue
Under this company, Mukasa had affected this arrangement. Insiders figures reflected in the operators
pitched to run the technology in who spoke to The Independent say audited financial statements to
the arrangement of Build Operate State House is now in charge of the counter the likelihood of audit risk/
and Transfer (BoT) because the technology. or collusion,” the report reads, “As
government at the time didn’t readily Apart from its security features, the such, there is a risk of under collecting
have the money to procure it. technology was also expected to put revenue for the Commission in the
Museveni at some point consulted an end to suspected under-declaration circumstance.”
with Peter Kahiji, the director of revenue by the telecoms. At the height of the MTN mobile
technical services of IT sector Since telecoms have been “self- money scandal, it was alleged that the
regulator, NITA-U. declaring”, the UCC has only been operator had been under-declaring
President Museveni also brought levying fees on them basing on what the volumes of its Mobile Money
on board Josephine Wapakhabulo, the telecoms say they earned. platform. Apparently, MTN was
the daughter to the late James UCC collects an annual levy on reportedly making Shs14 billion a day
Wapakhabulo, who was Uganda’s telecoms gross revenue of 2 per cent. but was declaring Shs9 billion.
speaker, foreign affairs minister and The levy is too critical, it constituted In his 2016/17 budget speech,
Deputy Prime Minister. 27% of the Commission’s projected President Museveni claimed that
Ngabirano, Kayihura and UCC revenues in the financial year the telecom companies were under
Executive Director, Godfrey Mutabazi 2014/2015. And UCC is required to declaring and as a result evading an
had all worked on the procurement of remit 1% of the operators’ levy to the estimated $400 million per year in
the technology before Wapakhabulo Consolidated Fund. taxes.
came in. It is not strange; therefore, However, in his 2015 report
that Mutabazi is asking that the published this year, the Auditor Big money targets
telecom companies allow the police to General, John Muwanga, added his Apart from the monitoring aspect,
monitor their activities. voice to those that have raised as a red insiders say, the technology might also

12 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


cover story
bring the country closer to dealing The fraudsters pay only an eighth
with a telecom fraud known as voice of the money they should have
traffic termination fraud or SIMbox paid to the main voice operators in
fraud, which costs telecom companies termination fees.
revenue and the government taxes. In a March 19 2015 letter, the FIA
International studies have indicated boss, Sydney Asubo, warned Mutabazi
that network operators lose about that over the past three years the
3% of the annual revenue due to country had lost up to $144 million
fraudulent and illegal services. Some accruing from incoming international
researchers put the total losses from telecoms traffic that is disguised as
the underground mobile network local traffic by simboxes.
industry to be $58 billion in 2011. Apart from the losses to telecom
Apparently, fraudulent SIMboxes operators and government in tax
hijack international voice calls and revenue, fears remain that the
transfer them over the Internet to a untraced billions made by those
cellular device, which injects them who own simboxes can be used to
back into the cellular network. jeopardise national security.
As a result, callers from abroad end Estimates indicated that government
up appearing as if they are calling loses 45 per cent in tax revenue and
with local numbers. operators like MTN over $10 million a
The calls become local at the month.
destination network like MTN, Mutabazi told The Independent
and the cellular operators of the that government decided to have
intermediate and destination networks INMS managed by “the authorities
do not receive payments for the call Airtel CEO V.G Somasekhar managing it” – a vague description
routing and termination. because of the lack of clarity, because
Besides causing the financial of the overlaps of its functionalities—
loss, an international study shows it has aspects of monitoring traffic,
that SIMboxes degrade the local data, voice and security, among
service where they operate. Often, others.
cells are overloaded, and voice calls “We wanted to prevent wastage and
routed over a SIMbox have poor duplication of resources where there
quality, which results in customer are multiple systems,” he told The
dissatisfaction, the study adds. Independent, “But UCC has visibility of
In Uganda, some of the major the system and we use it to also play
players in this fraudulent trade also our part.”
happen to be major players in the Mutabazi said they had explained
telecom sector, senior officials in this to the telecoms in a bid to get
cabinet and some Chinese dealers. them to comply.
The trade is very lucrative, insiders “Unless they are afraid to be
claim. While telecom companies monitored,” Mutabazi said, “But
are always co-owned, revenue and Mobile Money runs on telecom
losses shared on top of paying taxes; infrastructure which is regulated by
for simboxes, apart from the initial UCC. The point INMS is monitoring
capital injection, there are literally no is on the switch when it is all still data
expenses, no taxes at all since it is an and not money in the bank.”
underground business. Mutabazi said that from his stand
An owner of a simbox can earn up point, the players understand this is
to $10,000 dollars a day from just one the same way they understand that
simbox, those knowledgeable about MTN CEO Wim Vanhelleputte local interception is provided for in
the industry claim. That is about $ the security laws.
350,000 a year. And with multiple the call before it lands on the MTN “We have explained this,” Mutabazi
simboxes, the figure goes up to servers, bypass MTN servers, and told The Independent in telephone
millions of dollars. the call goes through a local line. interview.
But as simbox operators make Therefore, MTN charges the owner of Mutabazi was responding to
these billions, registered operators the line the local rate but the owner concerns raised by the telecoms over
and government are the major losers. of the simbox receives a higher rate the implementation of the monitoring
Simboxing hurts telecoms business of for helping convert an international technology. These concerns are
international call termination, which is call into a local one. Simbox operators contained in correspondences between
big business with agreements between receive their cash outside the country the sector regulator and telecoms
telecom companies in millions of to avoid being traced. copies of which The Independent has
dollars. For instance, for a person Uganda’s Financial Intelligence seen. Mutabazi said that the telecoms
using Vodafone to call an MTN Authority early last year noted it was had since pledged to grant the
subscriber in Uganda, Vodafone pays investigating revenue diversion and required access. It remains unclear,
part of what it charges the caller to tax evasion in the sector amounting to however, when the access will be
MTN. $140 million (over 470 billion) in lost granted and what impact that will
What simbox operators do is hijack revenue. have on especially mobile money.

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 13


rwanda

`Genocide against the


Tutsi’ recognised by UN
By Francis Byaruhanga The General Assembly designated meeting of the UN General Assembly

W
April 7, as the International Day on sport for development and
ith one month left for of Reflection on the 1994 Genocide peace, and on causes of conflict and
Rwanda to commemorate against the Tutsi in Rwanda and promotion of durable peace and
24 years since the 1994 adopted the resolution that corrects sustainable development in Africa last
genocide against the Tutsi, the terming of 1994 Genocide in on February 09 at UN Headquarters
the United Nations General Assembly Rwanda and replaced it with the New York.
has unanimously adopted a decision “Genocide against the Tutsi”. This Amb. Valentine Rugwabiza,
on the “International Day of Reflection is in recognition that defining Rwanda’s Permanent Representative
on the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi genocide without explicit reference to the UN, while presenting the
in Rwanda”. The decision corrects to whom it was committed against draft addressed the International
inaccuracies that existed in the falls short of the true meaning of the community that the decision aimed
previous resolution, A/RES/58/234, genocide definition with expansive to correct historical inaccuracies
which omitted to name the Tutsi as the interpretation. contained in the previous resolution
group targeted for extermination. This was during the 77th plenary adopted 14 years ago.

14 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


rwanda

for the promotion and protection of


human dignity of all people and will
not serve as a platform for any form of
Genocide denial or revisionism.
Speaking on behalf of the African
Group, one of the five regional groups
in the UN, Amb Anatolio Ndong
Mba, Permanent Representative of
Equatorial Guinea to the UN, said they
welcome the adoption by consensus of
the draft decision.
Amb. Mba said it was the least
they could do to honour the memory
of the children, women and men
brutally murdered 24 years ago
and to remember all the victims of
“this tragic and dark chapter of our
history.”
“At this moment, we stand with the
Rwandan people and salute the huge
strides they have made to recover
from that unspeakable event to shape
a bright future for the country,” the
diplomat said.

Genocide by Definition
By the definition Genocide is
causing serious bodily or mental harm
to members of the group; deliberately
inflicting on the group conditions
of life calculated to bring about its
physical destruction in whole or in
part; imposing measures intended to
prevent births within the group; and
forcibly transferring children of the
group to another group.
The word genocide came way
back in 1944, thanks to a Polish-
Jewish lawyer called Raphael
Lemkin. He sought to create a new
term to describe Nazi policies of the
systematic murder of Jewish people.
She stressed that the unanimous documented. Some people, mostly Lemkin used the ancient Greek word
adoption of the decision by the those who were involved by action genos (race, tribe) and the Latin cide
UN General Assembly, is a strong or omission, promote the theory of (killing) to come up with the new
statement that the UN will not be double Genocide in the futile belief word, “genocide.”
a platform for genocide denial and that such suggestion might divert their Raphael Lemkin spent 4 years
revisionism. own responsibility,” she noted. pushing for genocide to be added to
Amb. Rugwabiza further stressed According to Amb. Rugwabiza, the international law. Ultimately, in 1948,
that the present decision on the day of reflection “offers us as members the United Nations Convention on
International Day of Reflection on the of the international community” an the Prevention and Punishment of
1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in opportunity to consider the factors Genocide was adopted, and it entered
Rwanda, is a tribute to the inalienable that lead to such mass atrocity and into force in 1951.
dignity of the victims, and the courage “renew our collective pledge” of The Convention defined genocide
and resilience of the survivors of the “never again”. in legal terms based on Lemkin’s
1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. She said that it serves as an work, and is the basis for genocide
She said: “The text captures the educative opportunity for future prevention efforts today.
historical facts of what happened in generations to equip them in fighting The convention also further defines
1994, which is a ‘Genocide against the all forms of hate and Genocide it as a crime against all of humankind,
Tutsi in Rwanda’ and leaves no room ideology. its harm being felt not only by the
for ambiguity.” More importantly, she said, in these group targeted for destruction,
Historical accuracy and words are worrying times where we witness but by all of humanity. There it’s
vital while referring to the Genocide, increase in expressions of divisionism, imprescriptible, with no time limit,
she said. extremism and hatred in many parts and it can be punishable at all times as
“The tactics of Genocide denial of the world, it sends a clear message long as the wrong doer still exists.
and revisionism are well known and that the United Nations is a platform

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 15


news analysis

Cyril Ramaphosa addresses a rally to commemorate Nelson Mandela’s centenary year in Cape Town, South Africa. Reuters/Mike Hutchings

The Ramaphosa moment


How many Messiahs can one country take?
By David Everatt than the attention, however, is his was inevitably positive. The economy

M
recent elevation to Messiah status in grew, rainbows were believed in, the
atamela Cyril Ramaphosa the media and the popular imagination. national football team Bafana Bafana
– forgive me, President He maketh Zuma to bugger off. He were football champions. Anything was
Ramaphosa – is self- maketh the currency to rise and possible.
evidently a private and pessimism to fall; he will cleanse where In Ramaphosa’s case, the context is
reserved human being. Since his others defiled; and he may lead South horribly similar. The economy has been
decision to contest the leadership of Africans towards the promised land smashed by the labyrinthine tendrils of
the African National Congress (ANC), – or, for the non-believers, will it be corruption and state capture that have
he has been the subject of an endless down the garden path? insinuated themselves into every aspect
series of “think-pieces”, more or less Messiahs are an expression of the of public life, compounding those
informed including by this author, as need for the yoke of oppression to already present in the private sector.
well as a year or more of attack videos be lifted, by a god-anointed action For every state owned enterprise
and smears from those he ultimately man (there are precious few female there is a private sector player like
defeated at the 2017 ANC elective Messiahs in history) who does what KPMG, and for every bribe that is
conference. His private life has been mere mortals cannot. Nelson Mandela accepted, someone else offered it.
examined, and people have tried to was South Africa’s first Messiah, Zuma tended his corrupt garden well,
double-guess every move he has made, but was seemingly born for the role, and South Africa feels like it is the
or should have made, or is about to relished it, and given the massive early 1990s again: political killings are
make. damage to economy and society in late rife in KwaZulu-Natal, the economy is
The man must be squirming. Worse apartheid, almost everything he did in tatters, racial tensions are high, the

16 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


news analysis

a master tactician. There was also the


fable that he had dirt on everyone and
would never be outmanoeuvred, that
even a wounded lion is dangerous, that
he may be down but never out, and so
on.
Instead, the terrible sadness of
a crumpled bully was in evidence
on SABC TV. He spent 30 minutes
spinning silly yarns about the lack of
accusations or evidence against him,
insisting he was innocent, trying to
blame anyone but himself. It laid bare
the truth – Zuma is merely PW (Botha)
rebooted. Apartheid president Botha,
nicknamed the Groot Krokodil (big
crocodile), was a hardliner who refused
to leave office and alienated everyone
even in his own National Party.
Zuma’s incoherent television
appearance was an old jackal meeting
an old krokodil. Each filled with a
sense of victimhood, denying any
wrongdoing, both responsible for
destroying the economy, the social
fabric, and any number of lives.
Ramaphosa left Zuma to show all
South Africans his overweening
vanity, his inability to distinguish
right from wrong, and his arrogance.
Shakespeare could not have plotted it
better. Ramaphosa emerged as the true
strategist.

A mere mortal
Ramaphosa is no Messiah, and when
the post-Zuma champagne corks stop
poor are getting poorer, the rich richer, More importantly, the state popping, South Africans need to assess
and the country’s sports people seem utility Eskom has been completely him as a mere mortal. One who is
unable to win a game of tiddly-winks. reconfigured with a new board, and inheriting a country laid almost as bare
fear has begun to percolate through to as the country Mandela inherited in
What kind of president? all those eating South Africa’s public 1994.
What kind of president will funds. Ramaphosa has a massive job ahead
Ramaphosa be? Will he, like Zuma’s But the most significant moves of him, in trying to reignite national
predecessor Thabo Mbeki, gravitate were left to the very end. Zuma’s last pride, self-belief, and mutual trust.
towards foreign affairs, the African day as president – not in any way He also has to salvage the ANC’s
continent, and playing a global role coincidentally – began with the news reputation and win the next election in
in various summits and multilateral that the home of the powerful Gupta 2019, no mean feat in itself. It would
bodies? Or will he be more Zuma-like, family had been raided and arrests had also be nice to win a match or two.
and regard the secret and security been made. The man, rather than the Messiah,
forces as his natural base? The second masterstroke was to has shown he can move multiple chess
The last 10 days should have allow Zuma to show his true colours in pieces at once – and win. The last 10
answered part of this question. a rambling interview on state television days have seen him completely eclipse
Because of Ramaphosa’s chess moves to the nation. Everyone was given a his enemies within, having defeated
the country has seen the true colours taste of what Ramaphosa has had to those without when he was elected
of everyone in the ANC’s top six deal with. ANC president in December. This will
leadership and beyond. He and all Once Zuma knew that his time was be a quiet president, in place of Zuma’s
South Africans now know where many up – his Gupta buddies being arrested, inane giggling and braggadocio that
of his enemies are. Those desperate his son Duduzane being looked for and has gone. But as the saying goes,
to be reborn Ramaphosa-ites have some of his lieutenants deserting him – always watch the quiet ones…
become visible, and he knows (as South he declined into self-pity.
Africans do) who can be trusted and David Everatt is Head of Wits School
who not. He has forced people to play Zuma myths of Governance, University of the
their roles out in public, for all to see For years the world has been fed Witwatersrand
and learn, and better to understand the several myths about Zuma. That he
challenges he faces. was steeped in strategy and that he was

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 17


news analysis

By Andrew S. Kaggwa

Fish maw wars


A
row has developed between the
Ministry of Agriculture, Animal
Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF)
and fish exporters on one side and Ugandan traders battle Chinese,
fish traders on the other over the sale of fish
maws.
Siraje Walusimbi, an executive member of
Indians, over lucrative business
the Uganda Fishmaws Traders Association
(UFTA), which brings together traders in for the factory owners to give back the fish Rukuunya’s letter reads in part.
fish maws, says the trade in maws is very maws to the suppliers who in turn sell them A second letter dated January 10, 2018
lucrative. to Chinese traders who export them mostly from Pius Wakabi Kasajja, the Permanent
“What we get from the sale of a fish maw to China. The fish factories, on the other Secretary MAAIF, prohibited the practice
is double or three times what we get from hand, are mostly owned by Asians and the of ‘gutting fish at landing sites and other
the fish itself,” he says. fish is mostly supplied by Africans. unauthorised places”. It was addressed to
Walusimbi explained that whereas the the Chief Administrative Officers (CAOs) of
price for fish maws fluctuates with the New directives on fish maws all districts in the country.
dollar, a kilo goes for between Shs700,000 But fish maw money now seems doomed “It has come to the attention of the
where a kilo of fish is bought at Shs7,000 at after two stern directives from MAAIF Directorate of Fisheries Resources that
the factory. He says, however, to harvest a regarding their sale. gutting of fish is rampant in many landing
kilo of maws, one has to harvest them from First was a letter titled ‘Fishmaw sites and unauthorised places. This act is
several fish, especially if the fish are below handling and processing’ by the Director of detrimental and compromises the safety
50kgs. But in some cases a fish weighing Fisheries Resources, Dr. Edward Rukuunya and quality of fish products and may render
50kgs and above, one can contain a fish to the Chairman, Uganda Fish Processors our fish unacceptable to key local, regional,
maw weighing a kilogramme. This would and Exporters and Association (UFPEA). and international markets,” the letter reads
mean the fish maw alone would go for The letter dated December 12, 2017 in part.
Shs700,000 whereas the fish (at Shs7,000 per and said the fish maws should only be Quoting the Fish Act and The Fish
kilo would be bought at Shs350,000 at the sold to recognised and licensed fish maw Quality Assurance Rules, 2017, the letter
factory. processors and exporters. It also said fish instructed the CAOs to prevail over
Until now, the practice has been that maws should be bought by factories in the fisheries officers and inspectors in their
when Nile Perch is caught, the maw is fish and not given back to the fish suppliers. areas of jurisdiction to ensure that this
the property of the fish supplier. Some “This will enhance accuracy, ‘illegal activity is stopped forthwith”.
suppliers remove the fish maws before transparency, and accountability in data It goes on to instruct the CAOs that
selling the fish. Even when the suppliers gathering, food safety and overall increased should they find that some landing sites
take the fish to factories, the arrangement is contribution to the national economy,” Dr. within their areas of jurisdiction are

18 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


news analysis

continuing with the practice, they should the ministry to give these directives. Ssenyonga Kambugu says they are the
take stun measures which may include but “If the ministry doesn’t cancel this recognised fish traders association and that’s
not limited to closing the landing sites. directive we shall take them to court,” a why President Museveni chose them to
The letter was also copied to the head of tough talking Mukasa said. He said, in any work with the Fisheries Protection Force to
the Fisheries Protection Force to carry out case, the MAAIF does not have capacity to curb bad practices in fishing.
compliance enforcement. implement the directive of not gutting fish “We decided to petition parliament
But when the commander of the Fisheries outside factories when the practice goes because we have many members who
Protection Force, Maj. James Nuwagaba, on in markets which sell fish for domestic supply fish to factories and they have been
was contacted by The Independent on consumption. affected by the new directives and we need
phone, he refused to confirm whether they “All landing sites have fisheries officers a third party to mediate between us and
had started enforcing that directive. who ensure safety standards are kept and MAAIF,” Kambugu said.
Following the two directives, on January have built concrete platforms where the fish He accused of MAAIF officials of making
12, 2018 MAAIF invited what it had called are cut and these have also been inspected the directives without consulting them and
a stakeholders meeting at the Kajjansi by European Union officials and found to be only wanting to invite them to inform them
Agriculture Research and Development safe and hygienic,” Walusimbi said. of the directives. He says AFALU members
Centre. In this meeting it was only UFPEA, They said the directorate of fisheries want the ministry to withdraw the directives
UFTA, AFALU; the Fisheries Protection should invite all stakeholders in the fish before consultations start. He, however,
Force who were invited. business and not only caters for the interests said they agree with licensing those in the
However, other fish traders got know of of the wealthy exporters and processors. business.
the meeting and they stormed it accusing The traders also reject The Association of The Deputy Chairperson of the
MAAIF of corruption and it ended Fishers and Lake Users of Uganda (AFALU) Parliamentary Committee on Agriculture,
prematurely. that claims to be representing the interests Animal Industry and Fisheries, Robert
Another meeting convened by Wakabi of fishermen, fish suppliers, and fish traders Ndugwa Migadde (Buvuma), who also
for what he called “key actors and licensed and is now working with UPDF’s Fisheries chairs a caucus of all legislators from
stakeholders in the fishing industry” districts bordering lakes, confirmed that
had been scheduled to take place at the they had received the letter from AFALU.
MAAIF, Directorate of Fisheries Resources He said in a meeting, Dr. Rukuunya
Boardroom at Entebbe on Jan. 25. explained that he was not conniving
In a letter dated Jan.16, Wakabi said the with fish processors and exporters but
earlier meeting at Kajjansi was “interrupted was regulating the trade in fish as the
by uninvited actors forcing key stakeholders country was losing a lot of revenue from
to abandon it”. unauthorised and unlicensed traders.
But this second meeting, The Migadde said the fish industry has many
Independent has learnt, has been postponed associations with some fighting each other.
for unknown reasons. The fish traders insist “It is almost impossible to get one which
it was because of the pressure they had put represents all of them,” he says and advised
on the ministry over those directives. them to get one platform to campaign for
their interests.
Fish traders cry foul “Fish maws are more profitable than
However, the fish suppliers are now most minerals being dug from different
crying foul that the two directives are a ploy Protection Force to fight illegal fishing parts of the country which has turned the
by the fish processors and exporters, who activities. trade into a black market,” he said, “the
are mostly Asian, to push Ugandans out of Efforts to contact Dr. Rukuunya over the government was right to make directives
business. They cite the example of the latter new directives were futile as he was not to regulate it though there was a need to
directive on not gutting fish outside factories picking his phone. However, the Executive explain this carefully to all stakeholders
as designed to prevent them from removing Director, UFPEA, Ovia Katiiti Matovu said including the small players.”
fish maws from fish before taking them to the directives by the ministry are meant to
the factories. keep safety standards as required by the Value of maws
They say that since the directive from international markets. Dr. Anthony Tabu Munyao of the
the ministry, the factories processing fish “We export about 75% of our fish to the National Fisheries Resources Research
have now refused to give back fish maws to European Union and they regularly send Institute (NaFRRI) says a fish maw, also
suppliers. their officials to check on our hygienic known as swim bladder or gas bladder
Siraje Walusimbi, an executive member of standards and if they realise that our fish keeps some fish, such as Nile Perch,
the Uganda Fishmaws Traders Association is not safe it is banned from their markets buoyant. He says that in Uganda about
(UFTA), which brings together traders as it was done some years back,” Matovu seven species of fish have fish maws
in fish maws, says they have 20 member explained. whereas others, like tilapia, have their maws
companies which trade in fish maws with in membrane form.
12 owned by Chinese traders and eight Traders petition parliament Munyao says that of all the fish that have
owned by Ugandans. However, it is only The Association of Fishers and Lake a fish maw or swim bladder of the Nile
the Chinese companies which process the Users of Uganda (AFALU), which other fish Perch has most market “because it’s big,
fish maws. traders associations accuse of siding with thick, and fatty”.
Alex Mukasa, a fish trader and a member MAAIF over the directives on fish maw, has “We are still doing research on what the
of another organization called Uganda written to the Parliamentary Committee on fish maws are used for but we hear they
Fishing Industry Rescue Operation Team Agriculture, Animal Industry and Fisheries are used in producing absorbable sucures
(UFIROT), said it is the owners of the fish asking them to intervene in the row over (stitches used during medical operations)
factories who want to be to take all the fish maws. and in production of aphrodisiacs (drugs to
proceeds from the fish and are influencing The Chairman of AFALU, Godfrey increase libido),” Munyao says

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 19


Coffee’s future in dilemma
Kampala conference discusses ways of increasing
output but many wonder who would buy it

U
By Julius Businge price before it even flowers,” he said,

ganda is currently imple-


Quick facts about coffee adding that they do that because they
are poor and have to meet costs for daily
menting an ambitious needs.
plan – the coffee roadmap Coffee is the second most He said government needs to intervene
– to increase coffee output and support farmers especially in the area
from the current 60kg 4.5
traded commodity in the world of marketing their output.
million bags to 20 million Joseph Nkandu, the executive director
bags by 2025. It contributes 20-30% to of the National Union of Coffee Agri-
This new target is higher than the business and Farm Enterprises (Nucafe)
approximately 16 million bags that coun- Uganda’s foreign exchange – that has over 1 million farmers – told
tries in Africa combined produce per earnings The Independent on the sidelines of the
annum at the moment, a move that would conference that if government is serious
place Uganda among the top three coffee about increasing productivity in coffee,
producers in the world – Vietnam and In 2016/2017 Uganda exported the farmer, who is the primary producer
Brazil – and create more than 500, 000 about 4.6 million 60-kg bags of coffee, has to be supported in terms of
new jobs. credit and extension services, organizing
It would also increase Uganda’s export
of coffee (earned slightly over them in groups, access to water for pro-
earnings from the commodity from over $500 million) – which was duction, training and making sure that
US$500 million recorded in FY2016/2017 higher than 3.5 million bags they add value to their coffee for margins
to around $2.2bn per year, attract financ- to increase.
ing to the industry to the tune of $1.3bn that were exported three years “…and when margins increase, the
and improve household livelihood by Shs ago per year. farmer will earn more and invest in the
1.5million per annum. quality of coffee and acreage to increase
But can the target be met at the time productivity,” Nkandu said.
some farmers are reducing their land October 2014; President He said the farmers also need to
under coffee as a result of low coffee Museveni issued a directive to increase the number of trees planted in
prices? an acre from the current 450 trees to over
This, among others, were the issues
Prime Minister to accelerate 1000. This, he said, can be complemented
discussed during the 16th African Fine coffee production from 3 by using genuine fertilizers – which boost
Coffee Conference and Exhibition, orga- million to 20 million bags by soil nutrients and drive up output.
nized by Uganda Coffee Development He said some farmers have witnessed
Authority (UCDA) together with African 2020-2015. an increase in earnings per acre by over
Fine Coffees Association (AFCA) and 50% since they started using fertilizers
Agribusiness Business Initiative (aBi) December 2015; UCDA and the three years ago.
at the Kampala Serena Hotel from Feb On coffee consumption, Nkandu said
14-16 under the theme; 'Sustainable coffee PM convened a stakeholders’ demand is growing in Uganda as evi-
industry for social economic transforma- meeting in which an agenda for denced by the mushrooming coffee shops
tion'. a Coffee Lab was agreed upon. – over 50 shops are operational to date
Nathan Nandala Mafabi, the Member compared to a few 10 years ago.
of Parliament for Budadiri County West “The best we have in this country
and chairperson for Bugisu Cooperative March 2017: Coffee Lab held where there is no gamble is coffee; invest
Union (BCU) limited, which has over 270 there and have patience,” he said.
Cooperative Societies engaging in coffee
culminating into a Coffee He added that government needs to
value chain, said farmers are currently Roadmap – a transformative do awareness programs in partnership
demoralized by low prices which they are agenda for the Coffee Sub with the private sector and other players
offered by multi-national corporations to people to increase coffee consumption
and are thus reluctant to increase coffee sector. and production.
production. “What we need to do is; let us invest
He said many farmers have cut on their April 2017: Museveni launched in quality, brand and package our coffee
time for coffee activities and apportioned so well and the sky will be the limit,” he
it to other crops like grains where they are the Coffee Roadmap said.
assured of good returns in a short time. Fred Kawuma, the secretary general at
“Some farmers sell their coffee at low Inter-African Coffee Organization (IACO)

20 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


business
Contribution for each initiative to Uganda’s 20 million bags of coffee by 2025

Uganda’s
20 million
bags of coffee
Demand and by 2025 Enablers
value addition
Improve quality
Build structured of planting
demand (3 mn bags) materials;
Brand Ugandan improve access
coffee (2 mn bags) to quality inputs;
Production develop a coffee
Support local finance program
coffee businesses Strengthen farmers’ (1.5 mn bags)
(2.32mn) organizations
(6.88mn bags)
Support joint
ventures (2.6
mn bags)
Provide and
promote
concessions (1.7
mn bags)

said there is need to address issues in the limited access to credit by farmers and value dent.
value chain to place our coffee successfully addition, limited access to land, ageing trees Lukenge said that the Continental Free
in the market. and farmers, price fluctuation, pests and Trade Area (CFTA) set to be signed in March
He said as new investors come to Uganda diseases, poor markets as well as negative 2018 by 55 African countries, is good news
to join efforts geared towards value addi- perception on coffee growing by youth and because it would provide an alternative
tion, raw beans can still be exported along- women. It also coincides with a number of market for coffee at zero or small tax.
side small volumes of roasted coffee to keep coffee producing countries including Ethio- CFTA will become the second largest bloc
Uganda’s coffee on the international market. pia, Brazil, Honduras, Vietnam, Colombia, to the World Trade Organization (WTO)
He said that liberalization of the coffee Guatemala, Mexico, India, China, laying that was signed in 1994. The CFTA will be a
market particularly in Uganda has seen down strategies to increase coffee produc- market of about 1.3 billion people currently
international coffee players who are primar- tion, a move experts say, will continue and is expected to be about 2 billion by 2025.
ily interested in unprocessed coffee take weighing prices of local coffee exports on Moses Ali, the first deputy prime minister
centre stage in the trade because they sign the international market amidst low con- and deputy leader of government business
contracts with roasters in developed coun- sumption locally. in Parliament, said the Uganda government
tries to supply them with the raw materials. The good thing, is key players like, Ishak is committed to implementing the coffee
This, he said, is because local entrepre- Lukenge, the AFCA board chairman, argue roadmap through strengthening the policy
neurs do not have capacity to process all that there is a lot of government goodwill to and regulatory framework focusing on
the coffee being produced and sells it on the support the coffee sector – citing the imple- among others, value addition, research in
global market as a finished product. “That mentation of the coffee roadmap which is new varieties, pests and diseases control,
is where key interventions are required,” underway. youth and women engagement and offering
he said. This development comes at the “We need to develop the culture of con- seedlings through government programs
time Uganda’s coffee industry is facing a sumption in most African countries,” he like Operation Wealth Creation.
number of challenges related to quality, said during an interview with The Indepen-

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 21


business

KCCA nurses helping in Immunization of the public during the NSSF health camp on Feb 20.   INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA

NSSF in corporate citizenship drive


Fund’s customer satisfaction rate has grown from 49%
seven years ago to 92% as at the end of last December
By Independent alerts in order to improve convenience and Equity Bank unveiled a week long blood

O
efficiency in their service delivery,” Byaru- donation drive on Jan.08.
nce again, Uganda’s National So- gaba said. The initiative was to collect at least 4,500
cial Security Fund (NSSF) held its In terms of numbers, he said: “The units of blood to address blood shortage,
Annual Customer Connect Week average usage of our e-channels is at 56% especially among others, expectancy moth-
with a number of activities includ- on monthly basis while over the counter ers, cancer patients, HIV positive patients
ing financial literacy trainings, investments engagements with the customers stand at and accident victims.
and medical health camps from Feb 19-23. 43%. We now want customers to be able to According to the data from the World
The activity, in its 5th year aims at self-serve anytime, anywhere, eventually Health Organisations, Uganda needs about
improving the livelihood of its members and leading to reduction of queues at physical 340,000 units of blood yet less than 200,000
the rest of the public but also increase the service points.” units are collected annually as 99% of the
Fund’s customer engagement, update cus- Byarugaba said through this and other eligible population to donate do not do so.
tomer records as well as collect feedback in customer focused initiatives, the Fund’s This year’s Annual Customer Connect
order to improve its overall customer service customer satisfaction rate has grown from Week came at a time the Fund’s contribu-
experience. 49% seven years ago to 92% as at the end of tions were soon hitting the Shs9 trillion mark
Speaking during the launch of the event December 2017. as a result of increased compliance and intro-
at the Constitutional Square in Kampala on Dr. Charles Kabugo, the director at the duction of voluntary contributions as well as
Feb.19, NSSF Managing Director, Richard government-owned, Kiruddu Hospital in mobile platforms.
Byarugaba, said this year’s Week themed Kampala, appreciated NSSF contribution The company’s compliance towards
‘Revolving with our customer,’ a focused on towards improving the lives of its members. employee’s contribution has increased from
providing literacy on savings, investment, He said it is time for the population to take 49% six years ago to 80% at the moment.
retirements as well as provide free Hepatitis time and screen for various diseases includ- Last year, the Fund launched the NSSF
B screening, Yellow Fever vaccination, diabe- ing Hepatitis B, diabetes and high blood Electronic Collections portal that enables
tes and high blood pressure. pressure. employers pay NSSF contributions straight
This year’s event was organised in part- “Many of our people are suffering from to the Fund’s bank account along with pay-
nership with the Capital Markets Author- these diseases and are not aware yet early ment schedules, which in turn enabled the
ity (CMA), Uganda Registration Services detection makes treatment easier,” he said. Fund to automatically post individual con-
Bureau (URSB), Uganda Law Society (ULS) “However busy you are, take some time and tributions to member’s statements.
and the Uganda Securities Exchange (USE). undergo disease screening.” With customers nearly hitting two million,
“The Fund also focused on enrolling its This development comes barely a month the Fund looks forward to achieving the Shs
members to their e-service channels that since the Fund and the Uganda Blood Trans- 20 trillion by 2020.
include Short Message Services and email fusion Service (UBTS) in partnership with

22 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


Executive Style

Village Enterprise driving


entrepreneurship
What is your management Dianne Calvi pate in this program?

I
style as the CEO? We target extreme poor
am an informal man- is the CEO in a participatory process
ager who believes that where community mem-
an organization should of Village bers identify individuals
be fairly flat and that the Enterprise perceived to be very poor.
most important people in They then come together
any organisation are those with as a larger group, who
on the ground implementing again self-select whom they
programmes. We therefore operations are going to work with in
invest heavily in our staff in Uganda groups of three. Over the
and try to promote them bot- years, we have seen these
tom up. and Kenya. groups continue to work
together, increased savings
Village Enterprise seems He spoke to and diversified their invest-
to have been here for some Isaac Khisa ment portfolio.
good time. What’s your mis-
sion? about the new How are these so called
Our mission is to end investors going to inject
extreme poverty in the East innovations capital into these busi-
Africa’s rural population. in fighting nesses?
We are currently working in This program is designed
Uganda and Kenya but it is poverty in in a manner that investors
our intention to work across will invest in this Impact
the sub-Saharan Africa. We rural areas. Bond and then we will start
implement group-based the business working with
one- year programme, the owners and the inves-
which includes training and for poverty alleviation in for this Development Impact tors will be paid back based
enhancing establishment of Africa, model that has never Bond? on average increase in income
savings and business groups. been done before. The dif- We are about two-thirds and assets of these businesses.
Later, the participants form ference between BID and the in rising capital and quite We plan to start over 4,600
business groups, each with traditional contracts is that the confident that we shall raise businesses.
three individuals as well as former depends on measur- the entire amount. We have
saving groups consisting of 10 able results. Previously, a lot at the moment US$2.6million What are some of the chal-
groups. These participants are of money has been given with- and close to US$2million in lenges you face, if any, as you
trained and provided with the out knowing really what the commitment. We are confi- implement your programme?
first cash transfer of US$100 results are. This new develop- dent and hope to close the Some of challenges are cli-
to start the businesses while ment is meant to ensure that fundraising exercise at the matic changes such as drought
still undergoing mentoring for at the end of the program, end of April. We are going to where we have had to teach
a year, and thereafter receive it has had an impact that it self-fund the programme with people how to develop year-
their second transfer of US$50 intended to achieve – increase over US$1million to the Bond. long business plans so that
as a follow-up. the income and business they can think about risk
assets of business owners. We How has the performance so mitigation and the cycles of
How many business have are also rising capital from far of the Enterprise Village drought and rain seasons.
you facilitated to grow so far? investors who can provide an businesses? The areas that we work in are
We have started over 39,000 aspect of financing so that we Village Enterprise has led to very remote and thus far from
businesses in rural Kenya can get the programme off the increase in food consumption, markets and formal financial
and Uganda over the last 30 ground. When we get paid assets, savings and other busi- institutions.
years. Off these, 23,000 are in by the outcome funders, we ness related activities among
Uganda. shall pay the investors back. the communities. There’s also Where do you see Village
This allows private investors a positive impact in all the Enterprise in the next five
Recently, you unveiled the to invest in social enterprises financial indicators as well as years?
Development Impact Bond like poverty alleviation and subjective wellbeing such as We hope to see successful
(BID). How does this new also ensure that money is used trust, integration and women implementation of the Impact
project work? wisely. empowerment. Bond in Kenya and Uganda
Village Enterprise was and also expand throughout
selected by USAID and UK’s How far have you gone with What are the criteria for se- the Sub-Saharan Africa.
DFID to implement the BID sourcing US$5million fund lecting the groups to partici-

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 23


business
banking Beverages

Centenary Bank Coca-Cola excites consumers with new product  


allocates Shs500bn for ingredients.
agriculture financing Launched on Feb.12 at the company’s

C
bottling plant in Namanve, officials said,
entenary Bank has allocated Shs- the preservative-free beverage comes in two
500bn to boost agriculture financing flavors – peach, apple and lemon grass –
this year, according to the lender’s meant to appeal to busy consumers looking
head of agribusiness and agricul- for a refreshing and delicious drink while
tural finance, Evans Nakhokho. they entertain, socialize or work.
Nakhokho, who was speaking during the “We recognize that our consumers’ have
16th African Fine Coffee Conference and diverse tastes and preferences, and the
Exhibition in Kampala on Feb 15, said the launch of Fuze Tea gives us a unique oppor-
bank is ready to finance all the agricultural tunity to give our consumers a refreshing
activities along the value chain. Conrad Van Niekerk, Coca-Cola's MD addressing beverage to enjoy as they go about their
This comes barely a month since the consumers and journalists at the launch of Fuze
Tea in Namanve.  Independent/J.Businge. busy schedules.

U
Uganda Agribusiness Alliance released its The brand promises to deliver a unique
2017 report on agriculture financing noting ganda’s beverage company, Coca- great tasting refreshment with the benefits
that majority of the population who need Cola has launched a new drink of tea,” the company’s Brand Manager, Mir-
the agriculture funds are yet to have access - Fuze Tea – a unique blend of tea iam Limo said. Fuze Tea is currently avail-
despite increased allocations by govern- extract and fruit flavors created able in 52 countries worldwide. Uganda is
ment, private players and the donor commu- through a process that ensures a delightful the first country to launch it with rollouts
nity towards Uganda’s agriculture financing. fusion of tea, fruit, herbs and other natural expected to follow in other markets.

Commodities
banking
Foreign coffee buyers push Kenyan prices 3-year high
Ecobank gets

C
offee roasters and buyers flocking the season began on Oct. 10 to $280 per bag
to Kenya in their annual pilgrimage – the highest since February 2015. US$200million boost

U
for the pick of the crop have driven “This is the time we have the best quality
average prices for the beans to the of the beans in the market,” Nairobi Coffee gandan
highest level in three years. Exchange Chief Executive Officer Daniel Small and
The cost of a 50-kilogram bag of AA Mbithi told Bloomberg in an interview. medium
grade coffee fetched $679 at an auction on Kenya’s coffee export volumes declined enter-
Feb 13, the most since $751 at a sale last from 10, 803,598 kg in 2016 to 10,361,488 in prises banking with
year, according to data supplied by the 2017 on the back of unfavourable weather the Togo-based Eco-
Nairobi Coffee Exchange. conditions during harvesting period. bank Transnational
The average price has risen 50 % since Incorporated (ETI),
have a chance to
Aviation borrow part of $200
million, FMO, the
Jambojet to buy four aircrafts for new expansion Dutch development Ecobank Group

J
bank, has made CEO, Ade Ayeyemi
ambojet, a low-cost subsidiary of Sudan, Congo, Tanzania and Burundi. available for SME
Kenya Airways, plans to buy four air- “The applications were made in October growth across the member states.
crafts in the next 18 months to support last year and we are hopeful that by the end continent. In line with the
its local and regional expansions. of the year we shall have started flights to at Ecobank Group Ecobank Group’s
The airline’s CEO Willem Hondius said least two of these countries,” he said. CEO, Ade Ayey- strategic develop-
during the carrier’s maiden international “To expand, we need to increase our emi, said new ment objectives,
flight to Entebbe on Feb 15 that they expect capacity. We shall therefore get four more transaction will at least 75% of the
delivery of two used Bombardier Q400 air- aircraft by early next year, increasing our greatly enhance the $200 million will be
crafts in June and two new ones next year. fleet size to eight.” lender’s capacity to directed to SMEs
He said the Kenyan government, on Jam- One way ticket to between Nairobi and serve its SME cli- across various sec-
bojet’s behalf, has already applied for rights Entebbe has been priced at Shs 400,000 sub- ents. A least 75% of tors of the economy.
for the carrier to fly to Rwanda, Ethiopia, ject to revision in future. the facility is expect- Jürgen Rigterink,
Hondius said they are considering two ed to be directed to CEO at FMO said
options to acquire the planes since the busi- SMEs across vari- the new investment
ness does not have enough cash for outright ous sectors of the gives an opportuni-
purchases. economy. ty for SME’s to have
This development comes nearly two Ecobank has access to credit and
years since Jambojet was granted regula- branches in 36 therefore stimulate
tory approval to fly to 16 routes including countries, including their growth and
Entebbe, Addis Ababa, Dar es Salaam, Zan- Uganda and the rest is job creation and
zibar, Kilimanjaro, Mwanza, Kigali, Juba of other East Afri- revenue generation.
and Bujumbura. can Community

24 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


business

aYo Uganda micro insurance


hits 500,000 customers
By Julius Businge important tool in getting

O
low income earners out of
ver 500,000 poverty as it protects them
customers have against losses that threaten
signed up for their progress.
MyHospital and Thomas Sekanwagi, aYo’s
MyLife micro-insurance marketing manager said
covers offered by aYo Uganda their entry into insurance
Limited since opening shop aims to increase insurance
in Uganda in Sept. 2016. penetration that has muted at
This was confirmed by 1%for many years compared
the firm’s Chief Executive to an average of over 2% for
Officer, Edwin Kwesiga. the East African region.
aYo Uganda is a subsidiary Kwesiga said one of
MTN's Wim Vanhelleputte (CEO), Olivier Printout (chief marketing of aYo Holdings Limited, a the challenges they are
officer) announcing 100% reduction in data pricing on Feb.20 in joint venture between MTN dealing with, is the negative
Kampala.   INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA Group and MMI Holdings. perception by people that
Speaking to The insurance companies do not
Independent on the sidelines pay the insured (client) when
of the new aYo two months the loss occurs.
promotion dabbed “Fuuka In defense, he said that
Don ne aYo”, Kwesiga said aYo does not require a lot of
they have paid out over Shs paperwork like it is for other
100 million in form of claims big policies that insurance
to over 150 customers. companies offer. “We
“We are on course to process and pay our claims
becoming the biggest in 72 hours,” he said.
insurance service provider,” Meanwhile, the new
he boasted, adding that in promotion will see those
the next three months, they signed up for it stand a
target to have increased the chance to win instant MTN
number of customers on airtime worth Shs10, 000
these products by 100% to daily and entered in a draw
one million. to win Shs 1 million every
Micro insurance is a very week for eight weeks.

(L-R) Stanbic Bank Head of Corporate Communications and CSI, Cathy


Adengo, together with Daniel Ogong, FUFA Executives Magogo and Rogers
Byamukama, holding a dummy cheque on Feb 13. The bank offered
Shs300million sponsorship to the Uganda Cup.   INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA

Weekly share price movement (Feb 20)


Security Feb 20 Feb 13 Movement
BATU 30000 30000 00
BOBU 109 113 3.5
CENT 1,650 1,621 1.8
DFCU 682 682 00
EABL 8,862 8,971 1.2
EBL 1,533 1,558 1.6
JHL 17,940 18,015 0.4
KA 574 599 4.2
KCB 1,632 1,621 0.7
NIC 15 13 15
NMG 3,767 3,891 3.1
NVL 510 510 00
SBU 29 29 00
Gilbert Assi (L), the managing director at Vivo Energy Uganda handing UCHM 111 118 5.9
over a certificate to Kenneth Kibiegon Rotich a truck driver for good UCL 29 29 00
performance in speed limiting for the year 2017. Another 120 drivers were UMEME 410 410 00
recognized.   INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA
ALSI -- -- --

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 25


business
By Allan Kinani
The plight of a woman
The tale of a Zombo and memories of Mahatma
Gandhi’s words on the evil of man

T
he scorching sun shot through has no say over, that privilege being medical centre.
the trees that were shading the preserve of the husband who Her skin was pale, tears were
us, as the clock ticked noon. then uses the proceeds to facilitate streaming down her eyes. She seemed
A gush of fresh, replenishing his nights in local bars, drinking, and inconsolable as she went on with her
breeze swayed across, sweeping lavishly spending on other women. narration, wondering –rhetorically,
the dry leaves under our feet and As she spoke, the other women why women continue to suffer as men
seats. The scenery was everything I sympathetically looked on, enjoy all the privileges of just being
envisioned when I was dispatched murmuring approvingly. They born male. She wondered whether
by my Programs Manager, as part of understood her pain, they related to a better day lay ahead, when she
the Centre for Policy Analysis (CEPA) her story. She spoke of her husband’s will wake up to a realisation of their
team, to organise and supervise a family that crowds her home and (women)’s rights. Will her daughters
women’s consultative meeting in keep around. How they ridicule and complete their education before they
Zombo district, Northern Uganda. disdain her, compel her to do their are married off? Will she ever get the
The meeting brought together women laundry and expect her to provide due right to own family property like
from over four villages, who shared food for them while they sit and drink the men? Will she ever exercise the
their experiences; including stories all kinds of distillates. She spoke of right to control her sexuality and have
on human rights issues that affect her deteriorating health, which was her views and opinions listened to?
their daily livelihoods, with a view of not being given priority because the She wondered loudly about all these.
devising potential solutions. husband prefers to look good and eat As I listened to her story, goose
The conversation that lasted over two well rather than take her to the nearest bumps started growing all over my
hours, opened with a panel discussion, body. Her pain became my pain, as
before it was opened to the rest of the I realised how privileged I was. It
participants, who took turns at sharing occurred to me that this is the kind
their stories - of daily challenges, pain
and struggles, with an ease that was The of life that millions of women in
Uganda are subjected to; their rights
as reassuring as it was empowering.
One of the women, possibly in her experience constantly trashed and trampled
upon. Mothers like her continue to die
40s, had a particularly arresting tale.
Smartly dressed in her multi-coloured for me was because they cannot afford medical
care services, with society for the most

a revelation,
kitenge, she stood to speak, her face part relegating women to being sex
visibly wary, betraying of a history objects and punching bags; raped and

an eye-
of pain. Her eyes shut, and raising violated at will.
her left hand, she lazily pointed to The experience for me was a revelation,
the skies, like one seeking spiritual
opener of
an eye-opener of how much our society
deliverance. has to do to elevate the status of women,
After what seemed like an eternity, especially in the rural areas. And as
she managed a cordial greeting to the
rest of the room that was already tense
how much I left Zombo that evening, Mahatma
Gandhi’s words kept re-echoing in my
with anticipation. From the murmured
replies, one could sense they either
our society ear: “Of all the evils for which man has
made himself responsible, none is so
knew her story, or were equally
anticipating a touching tale. And
has to do to degrading, so shocking or so brutal as his
abuse of the better half of humanity; the
touching it was! She told of suffering
at the hands of her own family, elevate the female sex!”

narrating an ordeal of experiences that


stripped her of her rights, dignity, and status of Allan Kinani works at the Centre for
Policy Analysis
freedom.
Her story told of the still prevailing women
reach of patriarchal norms in her
society, where she tills land that only
boys and men can inherit, and whose
fruits, when harvest time comes, she

26 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


comment
By Fred Phaswana
Keys to a new South Africa
The new leader; Ramaphosa will need to urgently
attend to them if the country is to chart a new course

J
acob Zuma resigned as South Africa’s recover if the drivers of wealth are not oper- mismanagement, and can be reformed only
president – an inevitable move, fol- ating effectively. if economic growth returns.
lowing the African National Con- For example, mining continues to be a Finally, Ramaphosa will need to invest
gress’ withdrawal of its support. Two significant contributor to the South African heavily in South Africa’s education system,
decades after Nelson Mandela tried – and economy; if managed properly, the sector a sector that Zuma largely neglected. A
failed – to pass the presidency to Cyril could be a powerful lever for supporting good place to begin would be with early
Ramaphosa, the former deputy president the growth of upstream manufacturing. childhood education, where spending often
and current ANC head has become South South Africa has some of the world’s largest yields high long-term rewards. With the
Africa’s leader. And the challenges that deposits of chrome and manganese, min- youth unemployment rate currently at a
Ramaphosa will face are almost as daunting erals that are essential for the manufacture staggering 39%; putting more young people
as those Mandela confronted in lifting his of electric vehicles, wind turbines, and other to work will require rethinking how future
country from the ruins of apartheid. components of the so-called Fourth Indus- generations are trained.
Nearly a quarter-century ago, four years trial Revolution. South Africa is a small country, but with
after Mandela was released from prison, Unfortunately, because Zuma’s govern- the right reform-minded leadership, it can
South Africans celebrated the birth of ment misused resource wealth by redis- reassume its regional role as an economic
an inclusive, constitutional state. During tributing mineral rents to loyal clients, trust and political powerhouse. In fact, this may
Zuma’s tenure, however, that euphoria between the mining industry and the state be the ideal time to make changes at the
evaporated. Amid allegations of endemic is nonexistent. And the only way to restore top; much of Africa is undergoing similar
corruption, ratings downgrades, corporate it – and thereby increase exploration and shifts, which could bring new opportunities
malfeasance, and deepening malaise among production – will be to overhaul legislation for economic cooperation. In neighboring
state-owned enterprises (SOEs), South and regulation to ensure stronger protection Zimbabwe, for example, the end of Robert
Africa’s regional and international standing of industry interests. Mugabe’s misrule could reignite growth
weakened. Restoring trust and accountability to linked not only to natural resources, but
For many, Ramaphosa represents a the business environment would attract also to value-added products, services, and
return to national strength. He has vowed investment, create jobs, fill state coffers, and trade.
to restore credibility to the management of improve redistribution, especially to those As South Africa navigates its own
South Africa’s affairs, and to reinvigorate for whom employment prospects remain presidential transition, the country must
the values of democratic inclusion. His limited. This final point is key; in recent redefine its role in an evolving geopolitical
simple gestures, like starting meetings and years, South Africa’s welfare programs have landscape. To do that, the country must
rallies on time, are departures from Zuma’s been threatened by poor governance and reassert its role as an influential actor, while
more aloof approach. pursuing a more dynamic, effective, and
But returning accountability and good integrated investment strategy. Strong
governance to South Africa will require diplomacy and commercial outreach will be
much more than punctuality. Three key
areas will need urgent attention if the
Zuma treated essential, and South Africa’s leaders should
embrace and develop membership in eco-
country’s incoming leader is to chart a new
course.
these businesses nomic clubs, like the BRICS group of major
emerging economies (which also includes
The first challenge, restoring faith in the
country’s rule of law, may be the hardest
as vehicles Brazil, Russia, India, and China).
South Africans are ready for new leader-
to meet. Zuma’s “capture” of businesses,
the National Prosecuting Authority, and for personal ship. But to achieve a future defined by full
employment, social justice, strong gover-
cabinet appointments. was so complete that
untangling the webs of influence will take gain, and their nance, and international credibility – the
era that Mandela represented – Ramaphosa
time. But restoring public confidence in
these vital institutions must be made a top mismanagement will need to return to the path from which
Zuma so egregiously strayed.

undermined
priority.
Second, Ramaphosa’s government, when-

economic growth
ever it is seated, will need to move quickly Fred Phaswana is National Chairman of the
to reform the state’s relationship with State South African Institute of International Affairs.
Owned Enterprises (SOEs). Zuma treated
these businesses as vehicles for personal
gain, and their mismanagement under-
and development Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.
mined economic growth and development.
An economy characterised by poverty,
inequality, and unemployment will never

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 27


comment
By Alexandra Borchardt
Free speech in the filter age
Firms cannot be allowed to profit from damaging content,
while avoiding responsibility for its consequences

G
ermany’s Network Enforcement journalists: credibility, intelligence, and speech and misinformation.
Act – according to which social- coherence. But, in the digital age, speed is decisive.
media platforms like Facebook But today’s social-media platforms are The technology is instant, and online
and YouTube could be fined €50 far more likely to prioritise potential posts can be shared widely within min-
million ($63 million) for every “obviously for advertising revenue above all else. utes. Democratic institutions move rather
illegal” post within 24 hours of receiving a So the noisiest are often rewarded with slowly – much too slowly for police and
notification – has been controversial from a megaphone, while less polarising, the courts to be effective in fighting trolls
the start. After it entered fully into effect in less privileged voices are drowned out, and online hate. And many victims are
January, there was a tremendous outcry, even if they are providing the smart not in any position to hire a high-quality
with critics from all over the political map and nuanced perspectives that can truly lawyer, as Gutjahr did. Relying on the
arguing that it was an enticement to censor- enrich public discussions. state’s most cumbersome institutions
ship. Government was relinquishing its If the algorithm doesn’t do the job of alone is not an effective strategy for
powers to private interests, they protested. silencing less privileged voices, online protecting free speech on today’s digital
So, is this the beginning of the end of trolls often step in, directing hateful and communication networks.
free speech in Germany? threatening speech at whomever they Hate speech and other kinds of dan-
Of course not. To be sure, Germany’s choose. Women and minorities are par- gerous and illegal content must be
Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz (or NetzDG) ticularly likely to be victims of online attacked at the source. On one hand,
is the strictest regulation of its kind in harassment, but anyone may be targeted. there is a need for increased media lit-
a Europe that is growing increasingly The German blogger Richard Gutjahr, for eracy on the part of consumers, who
annoyed with America’s powerful social- example, became the object of conspiracy need to be taught, from a young age,
media companies. And critics do have some theories and the target of intense harass- about the real-world consequences of
valid points about the law’s weaknesses. ment after being present at two terrorist online hate speech. On the other hand
But the possibilities for free expression will attacks within two weeks of each other. – and this is what the NetzDG attempts
remain abundant, even if some posts are Victims of online harassment often to ensure – social-media platforms must
deleted mistakenly. respond with self-censorship, and many, ensure that their products are designed
The truth is that the law sends an impor- with their sense of security and even self- in ways that encourage responsible use.
tant message: democracies won’t stay silent worth eroded, remove themselves from But this is no quick fix. On the contrary,
while their citizens are exposed to hateful social media altogether. In this sense, it demands a fundamental rethink of
and violent speech and images – content by offering blanket protections in the business models that facilitate and even
that, as we know, can spur real-life hate name of “free speech,” countries actually reward hate speech. Firms cannot be
and violence. Refusing to protect the public, privilege hate speech. But why should a allowed to profit from damaging content,
especially the most vulnerable, from dan- victim’s rights count less than those of while shrugging off responsibility for its
gerous content in the name of “free speech” their bullies? consequences. Instead, they must revise
actually serves the interests of those who In a democracy, the rights of the many their algorithms more effectively and
are already privileged, beginning with the cannot come at the expense of the rights scrupulously to flag content that humans
powerful companies that drive the dissemi- of the few. In the age of algorithms, gov- should monitor and assess, while
nation of information. ernment must, more than ever, ensure entrenching in all of their business deci-
Speech has always been filtered. In the protection of vulnerable voices, sions an awareness of their responsibility
democratic societies, everyone has the even erring on victims’ side at times. If in the fight for truly free speech.
right to express themselves within the already-vulnerable people are besieged This may contradict the straightforward
boundaries of the law, but no one has by mobs of extremists and aggressors, it business logic of doing whatever
ever been guaranteed an audience. To is entirely understandable that they will maximizes profit and shareholder
have an impact, citizens have always fear speaking up. If that happens, “free value. But it is, without a doubt,
needed to appeal to – or bypass – the speech” is dead. what is best for society. The German
“gatekeepers” who decide which causes Not all NetzDG critics dispute this government is right to push companies
and ideas are relevant and worth ampli- assessment: some agree that the speech in the proper direction.
fying, whether through the media, polit- of the vulnerable does need extra protec-
ical institutions, or protest. tion. But they argue that the necessary Alexandra Borchardt is Director of Strategic
The same is true today, except that protections are already in place. After all, Development at the Reuters Institute for the
the gatekeepers are the algorithms that severe insult and incitement to hatred Study of Journalism.
automatically filter and rank all contri- and violence are prohibited, and perpe-
butions. Of course, algorithms can be trators can be prosecuted. French Presi- Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.
programmed any way companies like, dent Emmanuel Macron, for example, www.project-syndicate.org
meaning that they may place a premium favours focusing on strengthening the
on qualities shared by professional judicial system’s ability to deal with hate

28 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


COMMENT
By Stephen Chan
Africa’s leadership gap
The continent’s democracies badly need a new
generation of leaders, but where are they to be found?

I
n every single African country, young One of the only exceptions is Liberia’s new vice president, that the iron fist which took
people make up the majority of the pop- president, former footballer George Weah, care of Mugabe could yet come down on
ulation – and they are generally very who will try to take his country forward. him.
ill-served by their ageing governments. Expectations are high, but Weah has never After decades of a government in denial,
Young leaders, where they can be found, run a ministry, let alone a government. Zimbabwe needs 2018 to be a year of
don’t just come with energy; the right ones As far as most of Weah’s fellow demo- realism. The road to recovery will be long
can bring new ideas, technocratic compe- cratic governments are concerned, no clean and arduous. For years the country has
tence, and a new idealism. Instead, some of break from the past is on the horizon. So had no financial plan, and its Western and
the continent’s biggest populations are led with the old guard holding on, what hope is Chinese backers will be deeply wary of its
by old men and their old cronies, who have there for change? new claims to fiscal probity. If Mnangagwa
depressingly little to offer. thinks he can talk the talk without walking
What does the future hold for Africa’s Getting real the walk, he will soon be disabused.
older, most entrenched leaders? Some seem One thing that can be said about Rama- South Africa’s leaders, on the other hand,
determined not to be moved: Joseph Kabila phosa, at least, is that he has enough money need to choose where to start as they try
is determined to cling to power in the not to be readily bought. But the same is not to clean house. Their efforts at positive
Democratic Republic of Congo, as is Yoweri true of those around him, among whom are discrimination and black economic empow-
Museveni of Uganda. Other grand old men many Zuma loyalists. erment have largely failed. What devel-
who’ve tried to hang on haven’t done so As for Mnangagwa, he is making a won- oped was a class of lacklustre businesses
well, but their successors are hardly a breath derful show of talking the talk. After all, he dependent on ANC contracts and contacts.
of fresh air. has to: Zimbabwe is bankrupt, and his level- Nothing expanded, nothing grew. Instead,
The ouster of Zimbabwe’s Robert Mugabe headed outreach to the rest of the world small and medium enterprises need incen-
and the departure of South Africa’s Jacob amounts to a refined form of begging. tives to grow – tax holidays, perhaps, rather
Zuma have respectively brought Emmerson His predecessor, the oldest president of than privileged contracts; flexible credit, but
Mnangagwa and Cyril Ramaphosa into them all, turned increasingly inwards until savage reprisals and foreclosures if they’re
office. But the two usurpers carry alba- his own country entered its catastrophic wasted by mismanagement.
trosses round their necks. economic decline. It will take much more But at the centre of it all is educational
Both are saddled with unreformed, than a well-spoken leader to correct that. provision. Many in South Africa believe that
unhappy political parties. Mnangagwa is And Mnangagwa’s government is now so to reduce or reverse the terrible biases and
forever associated with Zimbabwe’s history militarised, with generals in the cabinet and inequalities that still persist more than two
of lethal violence; Ramaphosa, meanwhile, former General Constantino Chiwenga as decades after the apartheid era, mass access
is associated with the 2012 police massacre to higher education is required. If that’s
of innocent people at Marikana. Change at going to happen, university education has
the top is often no change at all.
In Nigeria, meanwhile, septugenarian
Joseph Kabila to somehow be made free.
As for Nigeria, real change won’t come
President Muhammadu Buhari is in
poor health, and his bold promises have
is determined any faster. If it can muster the nerve and
sensitivity, the government needs to get
evaporated. A former president, Olusegun
Obasanjo, has publicly advised him not
to cling to behind reformers such as the Emir of Kano,
who is step-by-step trying to change things
to contest the next elections because of his
health, but it was Obasanjo himself who
power in the in the conservative Islamic north. He argues
that only by bringing the conservatives
helped the sickly Umaru Musa Yar’Ardua
become president; he promptly died in
Democratic along with him can he stifle the region’s
violent fundamentalist groups, among them
office, leading to the disastrous elevation
of his inept vice-president, Goodluck Jona-
Republic of Boko Haram.
This stately, pragmatic style is perhaps
than. Congo, as the best many young Africans can cur-
It’s bad enough that these leaders are rently expect from their leaders. There will
creaking and unimaginative. But to make is Yoweri be no “youthquake” in Africa in 2018. If
matters worse, none of their likely replace- they don’t make way for younger succes-
ments or opposition leaders have youth Museveni of sors, African elders need to sharpen their
on their side. None are nearly as sprightly thinking, and fast.
as Canada’s Justin Trudeau, France’s Uganda
Emmanuel Macron, or Austria’s Sebas- Stephen Chan is Professor of World Politics,
tian Kurz. More conspicuously still, no SOAS, University of London
aspiring female president is anything like as
youthful as New Zealand’s Jacinda Ardern.

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 29


Dr. William Manyilirah illustrates how the bypass surgery was done on a dummy heart during an interview with the Independent on Feb.15.  INDEPENDENT/JIMMY SIYA

Mulago’s breakthrough
heart bypass surgery
The doctors and the patients tell their story

V
By Flavia Nassaka heavy weight on the chest. tors for CAD such as high blood pressure
Doctors say the pain could be made and to stop blood clots from forming in
ictor Ndawabo, 58, a Con- worse by exercise, for instance climbing the arteries of his heart. If that failed, they
golese national, was unusu- stairs, but if the blockage is severe, one will would go to second line, which involves
ally lucky from the moment get pain even when at rest. procedures that involve putting stents
doctors first discovered he Luckily for Ndawabo, he did not col- (really gutters) in the blood vessels to keep
had coronary artery disease lapse. But he experienced the immense pain blood flowing.
(CAD). in the chest and started finding it almost But Ndawabo’s condition was so severe
The condition which presents with dan- impossible to get on and off his bed. When that the doctors resolved to conduct the
gerous blockage in the vessels that carry he failed to get treatment in his country, he Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG).
oxygen-rich blood to the heart is often fatal headed to Uganda and the Uganda Heart Once again Ndawabo was lucky because
since it tends to develop with few symp- Institute (UHI). this procedure, local medical experts say,
toms. Doctors at the institute found Ndawabo’s would have been impossible in Uganda if
Doctors call it ‘a silent killer’ because two arteries had been blocked. It was a he had come to the institute three months
some patients – usually older men of 45 severe condition and they resolved to con- ago.
years and above— are unaware they have a duct a form of surgery called Coronary
problem until they suddenly collapse. Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG), which is Getting the equipment
They may develop symptoms like palpi- the third line of treatment in such cases. Dr William Manyilirah, a consultant
tations and shortness of breath and crushing Normally they would have started with first cardiothoracic surgeon who led the surgery
pain in the chest (angina) which has been line treatment—medical therapy—involv- team says doing CABG requires an Internal
described as similar to someone carrying a ing taking medicines to control the risk fac- Mammary Artery (IMA) Retractor, which

30 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


health
allows doctors to lift one half of the patient’s
breast bone and gain access to and harvest
the affected blood vessel. The Internal Mam-
mary Artery Retractor was only acquired
last December and Ndawabo was the sec-
ond patient to benefit from it.
Ndawabo was admitted for surgery
on Jan.31, but a team of 14 experts led by
Manyilirah had a week before done the first
successful surgery of the kind that involved
bypassing three arteries of the heart of a
45-year-old Ugandan patient.
Despite doing several of these procedures
in South Africa where he trained for four
years, Dr. Manyilirah had not done any in a
Ugandan medical facility.
The only time the institute conducted
such surgery (a double vessel CABG) was
in early 2016. But it was supervised by a
visiting South African professor of cardiac
surgery and the patient developed compli-
cations and had to be taken back to theatre. An all Ugandan team of the Uganda Heart Institute surgeons on Jan.24
The surgery took unusually long because conducts an historic coronary artery bypass grafting surgery.   COURTESY PHOTO
of lack of prerequisite equipment at the
time, improvised equipment was used to four, but a day or two in ICU is enough independent facility and shift from Mulago
perform the CABG. under normal circumstances,” he said, not- Hospital complex where they are currently
“We didn’t have enough modern equip- ing that the procedure alone lasts five to six attached. Already construction of the facility
ment. You have to be exceptionally skilled to hours. valued at $65million is under way.
use the ones they used in 2016,” Manyilirah Until now, the Institute which received “We are now an autonomous institution
says. about 500 patients with coronary artery dis- but we are still transitioning from being
Another important set of equipment are ease last year, has been doing mainly coro- under Mulago Hospital. When we get a new
the micro instruments (dissectors, scissors, nary angiography - a procedure that uses home, we will get more theatres, more labs
and needle-holders, among others), very a contrast dye and X-ray pictures to detect and recruit more staff,” he said.
fine small instruments to handle small ves- blockages in the coronary arteries. At least Currently the institute has four surgeons
sels. four to five patients undergo this procedure and two are in training. It has 12 cardiolo-
Manyilirah says the surgery is done in every week. Some of these patients undergo gists, eight for adults and four for children.
three stages. First, the experts begin by har- a stent operation, where a small metal mesh Omagino says of the 12,000 patients visit-
vesting the grafts (arteries and veins) from tube that is expanded inside the artery is ing the institute annually half are found to
the breast bone, forearm or legs. Then they placed to allow blood to flow efficiently. have heart disease and therefore have to be
disconnect the heart and lungs and connect Eventually having bypass surgery offered treated by that small team. And, 85% of all
them on a heart-lung machine for the sur- at the Institute means patients will not incur heart diseases can be controlled with simple
gery. The third stage is the actual grafting huge costs on medical services abroad. lifestyle changes.
(connecting new vessels). Finally, the patient For Coronary artery disease for instance,
is taken off the heart-lung machine to allow Challenges ahead the risk factors are uncontrolled high blood
the heart and lungs to function on their own. But Dr. Tom Mwambu, one of the sur- pressure, smoking, a lot of alcohol con-
“It’s called a bypass because if you got geons behind the procedure told journalists sumption, diet high in fat, obesity, family
an obstruction here,” he says pointing to a on Feb.09, that the challenge is that people history and aging.
dummy heart he used to illustrate what they who want treatment may not get it at the Manyilirah explains that blockage results
did, “We don’t unblock it; we actually put a time they need it. from a chronic process involving slow
new vessel.” Mwambu, a consultant surgeon who reduction in the size of the lumen of the
In Ndawabo’s case, the surgeons harvest- trained both in Japan and India, says despite blood vessel caused by deposition of abnor-
ed an artery from behind the left half of the upgrading the Institute to start doing com- mal fats or cholesterol. With time as it builds
breast bone and a superficial vein from the plex heart procedures in 2013, Uganda up it narrows the lumen.
leg and connected it in front of the blockage. Heart Institute only has one operating the- What sparks a heart attack is a clot caused
Although it involved arresting the heart atre and only one catheterisation lab. by turbulence in blood flow at the narrowed
and lungs, this was not an open heart sur- He said while they have capacity in terms segments of the artery and the heart ends
gery but rather doctors worked on the sur- of human resource to do three bypass sur- up not receiving blood leading to irregular
face of the heart. It appears that after these geries per week, the facilities they need to do heart beat which gives little blood to the
successes, more patients are lining up for this are lacking. body.
similar procedures. “Many patients are waiting. They should “I was anxious when Dr William told
Dr Manyilirah says patients who undergo be attended to when they walk in but we me about this,” Mr Ndawabo told The
the bypass surgery should be able to leave can’t work on them immediately. Even the Independent on Feb.09 when he was being
hospital in about five to six days but he critical care team can’t handle many patients discharged from hospital, “I feared it was
extended hospital stay in order to monitor at once,” he said. He said ideally, the coun- difficult.”
the patients well. While the first patient left try should install more theatres. “My health is now good. I can talk, I can
on the eighth post-operative day, Ndawabo Dr. John Omagino, the Institute’s Execu- eat, I can walk. I am satisfied,” the man who
left on the ninth day. tive Director agrees and says they plan to is now part of the history of cardiology in
“One spent three days in ICU and another set up more theatres once they get their Uganda said. He is also unusually lucky.

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 31


health

of cancer the patient likely has, Cohen


said. The tool could be particularly
important for general practitioners, who
could administer the test and then send
their patient for additional testing to
verify the result, he said.
For example, if the blood-test results
suggest stomach cancer, a doctor could
recommend the patient get an endoscopy
to confirm the results, Cohen said. Simi-
larly, test results pointing to colon cancer
could lead to a colonoscopy.
To study how well the blood test
worked, the researchers tried it on about
1,000 patients with known diagnoses
of cancer that hadn’t metastasized,
or spread to other parts of the body.
These cancers included breast, ovarian,
stomach, liver, pancreatic, esophageal,
colorectal and lung. The researchers also
enrolled about 800 healthy patients with-
out cancer to serve as a control group.
The test detected cancer with 69 to 98
percent accuracy, the study found. And

New blood test


the more advanced the cancer, the higher
the accuracy.
But for cancers in an early stage — for
example, stage one cancers — the test
accurately detected cancer just 40 percent

can detect 8 of the time. Independent experts see this


relatively low figure as the major weak-
ness of the test.

types of cancer Low sensitivity?


“The sensitivity of the test in stage one
cancer is quite low, about 40 percent,”
said Dr. Mangesh Thorat, deputy direc-
tor of the Barts Clinical Trials Unit at the
Center for Cancer Prevention at Queen
Mary University of London. Thorat was

R
By Tereza Pultarova your blood screened for cancer,” said lead not involved in the new study.
study author Joshua Cohen, a medical “Even with stage one and two com-
esearchers have developed a and doctoral student at the Johns Hopkins bined, it appears to be around 60 per-
new blood test that can de- University School of Medicine. cent,” Thorat told Live Science. “So the
tect eight common types of What’s more, the test appears to be test will still miss a large proportion of
cancer, including the notori- able to screen for five cancers for which cancers at the stage where we want to
ously elusive liver and pan- screening tests aren’t currently available: diagnose them.”
creatic cancers. Some day, ovarian, stomach, esophageal, liver and The blood test also detected cancer in 1
doctors may be able to use this method to pancreatic. These cancers typically don’t percent of the control group, according to
spot cancers in their early stages — before cause symptoms until they reach more the study. This could either mean that the
the onset of symptoms — thus improving advanced stages of the disease, when test has a 1 percent false-positive rate (in
patients’ chances of successful treatment treatment becomes difficult. other words, it falsely points to cancer 1
and survival. percent of the time) or that the individu-
The test, called CancerSEEK, looks for Liquid biopsies als do in fact have cancer that has not yet
a number of compounds in the blood that What differentiates the CancerSEEK been diagnosed, Cohen said.
are thought to be early signs of cancer. test from previously developed so-called “The test needs to be validated in a
These include 16 different cancer “driver “liquid biopsy” tests — tests that look large-scale study that would evaluate tens
genes” — genes that are associated with for markers of cancer in the blood — is of thousands of healthy individuals to
tumors — and eight proteins, according the use of two types indicators (genes confirm the sensitivity and specificity,”
to the study describing the test, which and proteins) to get more accurate results Cohen said. “It’s really important to con-
was published Jan. 18 in the journal across a wider range of cancers, Cohen firm the results and demonstrate that this
`Science’. told Live Science. test would work in a real-world” setting.
“The sort of ultimate vision is that at The test uses an artificial-intelligence Cohen said the researchers want to
the same time that you are getting your algorithm to analyse the combinations of increase the sensitivity and accuracy of
cholesterol checked when you are getting genes and protein biomarkers found in the test by including additional types of
your annual physical, you will also get the blood sample and identify which type biomarkers

32 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


health

Researchers explain what


makes employees happy
By Agencies

W
hat is the key to
being happy? More
specifically, what
is the key to being
happy at work? More money,
more time off, family benefits?
Researchers suggest that they
may have found the answers.
Unless you’ve been hiding
under a rock, you’ve probably
heard the hit song “Happy” by
Pharrell Williams. The lyrics
encourage listeners to “…clap
along if you know what happi-
ness is to you.”
Which begs the question,
what is the key to being happy? happy in their jobs. The people there is a set percentage of time sors at a university -- the courses
More specifically, what is the that stay in their jobs and are within the workweek that an have to get taught. You don’t all
key to being happy at work? really happy are people who employee can do whatever they decide that you’re going to craft
More money, more time off, often, from the beginning, are want with that time, and it’s not your jobs, but not teach. The
family benefits? asking about opportunities for whatever you want as long as it work gets done, but employees
That’s what researchers at growth. makes Google more profitable, might naturally reconfigure
The University of Alabama Companies known for mak- it just gives them the freedom how the work gets done and
want to know and they may ing their employees happy like to develop these new, crazy who does what work in a way
have found some answers. Google and LinkedIn often pay ideas that they don’t have to that better suits their desires,
Dr. Jonathon Halbesleben, less than expected, but they may worry about it intruding on the their talents, and their aspira-
associate professor of human have found the key to creating a other work that they should be tions for the future. And as an
resource management and happy workplace. doing,” explains Halbesleben. employee, working with your
organisational behavior at the “So rather than coming into coworkers to craft your jobs in a

Whistle
Culverhouse College of Com- work each day and you’ve got way that puts you in that place
merce, has spent his career this to-do list and you’re just that makes you happy, that’s
researching what makes people checking it off, it’s a chance to going to be really important.”

while you
happy and more productive in sort of shape the job in a way Another factor to job happi-
their jobs. that you really, truly enjoy. I ness that is important, but often
“When people feel like they think a lot of these companies overlooked is the time employ-

work!
have meaningful work and it’s do a really good job of that and ees are not on the job. Research
adding to what the company is as a result people are really consistently shows it’s a huge
trying to accomplish -- particu- happy there.” contributor to job satisfaction.
larly if they buy into the compa- So why aren’t more compa- “So actually switching off
ny goals -- that can be the most “Those are really good exam- nies following Google’s lead? from work for a while, not
powerful force to keeping peo- ples because many of those “I think a big part of it some- checking your email at night,
ple happy,” says Halbelsleben. companies actually pay below times is hard for companies these types of things, go a long
Halbesleben’s research shows average,” says Halbesleben. “I to give up sort of the control. way to the time at work being
that pay and benefits only get think a lot of people don’t even Standardization has just been happier and more productive,”
employees so far and these ben- know that people often take a ingrained in everything that has says Halbesleben. “There’s a
efits don’t necessarily contribute pay cut to work at Google. And been produced in America for whole line of research about
to workplace happiness. the reason is, they do a really so long,” says Halbesleben. recovery that looks at that issue
“What you need to do is have good job at identifying talent There is also new research in of what people do in their
that (pay) at a baseline level that that can contribute in meaning- something called job crafting. off time. And it consistently
people can be satisfied with it, ful ways, and then they give The idea behind job crafting is finds that having time away
and then these social factors them the space to contribute in that the employee creates the job from work -- truly away from
like how meaningful their work those meaningful ways.” Hal- description they’re interested work -- gives people a chance
is, how well they get along besleben adds that companies in, one that suits their skills, and to recharge their batteries and
with their coworkers -- these like Google give their employ- that makes them happy. come back to work in a much
things play a much larger role,” ees freedom and room to grow. “On the surface that sounds better place, be more productive
explains Halbesleben. “The His research indicates that really scary because you’re like, and less stressed.”
people that ask a lot of ques- companies need to find people look at all these people doing
tions about pay and these basic they trust to do the job and then their own thing, Halbesleben Source: University of Alabama,
things, they tend not to be real let them do the job. “At Google, says. “Take for example profes- Culverhouse College of Commerce

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 33


ART | BOOKS | SOCIETY | TRAVEL | CULTURE

Mistress of University in Kampala,


Nabulime started carving
against the traditional stereotype
blameless.
It is evident that Nabulime’s
art raises dialogue on critical

sculpture
that women cannot be sculptors. and sometimes delicate issues
She has since become an of society, but her technical
inspiration to many young innovation; figuratively working
women whom she teaches at the with hardwood and synthetic

celebrates
same university. Her message is media, makes such a venture
that they too can be successful palpable to the audience.
in a patriarchal society and art In one of her previous exhibits
field. `Dreams and Consequences’,

25 years
As has become her badge, the artist adopted the Musizi
Nubulime is showcasing works tree that was growing next to
carved out of battered piece of the sculpture studio, into her art.
wood or root stumps that she She used the trunks to sculpt
salvages from imminent decay large hardwood sculptures on
and waste. These she integrates womanhood; specifically the

R
By Dominic Muwanguzi into objects of art, with particular lifestyle of female university
interest of preserving their students. It can be argued also,
enowned Ugandan natural form. Her technique is that the hardwood adopted
sculptor, Dr. Lillian recycling and conservation of in her art like Mahogany,
Mary Nabulime of nature in art with a narrative. Musizi, Muvule is a metaphor
Makerere School Nabulime can be creative, for women strength and
of Fine Art, is cheeky and introspective at the natural endowment. This is
celebrating 25 same. While interrogating the evident in how she titles her
years of art making with an subject of womanhood, she sculptures like bold, Courage
amazing display at Afriart on underlies it with a delicate topic and flamboyant. To create
7th gallery located in Industrial of HIV- AIDs. With awareness an authentic conversation on
Area, Seventh Street, on the The that public sex talk is still technical innovation, she fuses
Studios Building. regarded as taboo, she tactfully her wooden sculptures with
The exhibition features blends it with other subjects that metallic / aluminum plates that
highlights of a journey that nonetheless stimulate debate, she skillfully embellishes on the
started 25 years ago when, as a questions and answers. Her body of the sculpture. In this
young art student at Makerere interpretation is objective and case, the aesthetic benefits stand

34 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


arts

The Obama portrait


By Kehinde Wiley stories that can unfold on a physical

O
plane. And what drives me is this notion
ver the course of the past year, of a history that is at once welcoming
I have had the life-changing of those human stories -- while
honour of painting President being dismissive of those that don’t
Obama’s portrait for the correspond to some accepted notion of
Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery. respectability.
On Monday, we unveiled it to the And my aim was to use the universal
world. language of painting to arrive at a much
I’d like to tell you a bit about it. more inclusive commentary of our own
In choosing the composition and collective potential.
colors for this painting, I sought to The particular honour of being the
create an allegorical index to President first African-American painter to paint
Obama’s life story -- using key the first African-American president
botanicals that reference his personal has been, for me, beyond any individual
presence in the world. Jasmine from recognition.
Hawaii. Chrysanthemums from Chicago. It is bigger than me, and anything I
Blue African Lilies from Kenya. could gain out of this. It presents a whole
And the nature of the president’s pose field of potential for young people --
is not sword-wielding or swashbuckling. particularly young black and brown kids
It’s contemplative. Humble. Open to the who might see these paintings on museum
world in its possibilities. A man of the walls and see their own potential.
people. Art can function in practical, descriptive
As an artist, my practice is the ways -- but it can also inspire in so many
contemporary reinterpretation of resounding multiplicities. That is my hope
painting. I’m inspired by its history, for this painting. Thank you.
by its mechanical act, and the human

out. Her recurring motifs are non-


traditional; red acrylics on lips
of the feminine sculptures, and
stylish mini-dresses that embody
the modern notion of women
empowerment.
Additionally, her sculptures ''The particular
are four dimensional instead of honour of being the first
the traditional three dimensional.
This is a significant departure African-American painter
from the sculptures she was to paint the first African-
making 25 years ago as a American president has
student artist at Makerere.
Then her sculptures were still; a
been, for me , beyond any
quintessential characteristic of individual recognition''
figurines. The current format of
her artwork connotes a departure
and highlights her tendency to
innovate and experiment.
Miniatures in terracotta
medium are also a regular feature
in her exhibits. Often presented
in series form: in groups of twos
or threes, the clay works suggest
a rather theatrical expression
similar to characters in stage
drama. Built with a notion of
simplicity in mind, the artwork
is often a figurative showcase of
the mundane lifestyle of young
women, for example gossipers.
The various facial expressions
worn by these caricatures make
it easier for their audience
consumption.

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 35


Drug dealer kidnaps medical staff, makes them vaccinate community against yellow fever
Thomaz Vieira Gomes, also known as against yellow fever. and vaccine doses as they could find, and
2N, is considered one of the most danger- For months, Brazil has been dealing with kidnapped two of the male nurses on duty
ous criminals in Rio de Janeiro, but recently a yellow fever epidemic that has already that night. They then drove to the Ama-
he actually did something decent, albeit left dozens dead. On January 27th, the relinho bar in Salgueiro where the two
still illegal, for once. He and his gang kid- young gang leader and a few of his cro- nurses spent hours administering yellow
napped two male nurses and made them nies descended on a local state-run clinic fever vaccines to members of the local com-
vaccinate the poor people of his slum in two black cars, took as many syringes munity.

A real `throne’ finally! Bad headache changes woman’s accent


Some people call the toilet the
“throne room” but let’s us be hon- diagnosed with
est; finding clean and decent-smell- the unusual
ing public toilets is hard enough, but
condition in
one that makes you feel like royalty?
2015. She was
Normally, I would say such a place
diagnosed with
doesn’t exist. Unless you are at this
Foreign Accent
petrol station toilet in Quezon, the
Syndrome, an
Philippines. It features gilded wall
and ceiling decorations, a big gilded extremely rare
mirror, a small chandelier and even 45-year-old her to speak in condition, with
a wooden throne frame around the Michelle Myers, various foreign only 60 cases
toilet bowl. And Petron makes no from Phoenix, accents – British, reported since
secret of wanting its customers to Arizona, suffers Australian, Irish 1907. “Rare
feel like real-life kings when using from Foreign – despite having diseases are
their spectacular facility. Hanging Accent Syn- never traveled very emotional.
on the walls is a big sign – with a drome, a very outside of the You feel very
gilded frame, obviously – that reads rare condition United States. alone, isolated,”
“At Petron you are KING!” that causes Myers was she says.

I’m pregnant: woman Couple’s dream sinks Indian woman poses


tells man with A young couple who quit their jobs and sold everything they as man, marries two
owned in order to buy a boat and go on an epic sailing adventure
billboard had to put their bold dream on hiatus - after their sailboat sank just women for dowry
two days into their voyage. Tanner Broadwell and Nikki Walsh had
A woman from San been planning their once-in-a-lifetime adventure for over two years Krishna Sen had always been
Luis Potosí, Mexico came and invested over US$10,000 (Approx.Shs36 million). The couple a bit of a tomboy, but in 2013 she
up with an ingenious stocked the boat and on Feb.06 set off from Tanner Springs in Florida, went a step further, adopting a
way of notifying the man USA. The first day went by as planned. But not the second as disas- male persona on social media
who allegedly got her ter struck at 8.45 pm and their boat, named Lagniappe (Creole for and approaching women online
pregnant and then cut off ‘bonus’) sank with all their belongings. They were rescued. in hopes of starting a romantic
all contact, even blocking relationship with them. She
her on Facebook, that her started wearing men’s clothes,
pregnancy test came out cutting her hair short and even
positive. She installed a changed her name to Sweety
bizarre advertising billboard Sen. Over the course of three
on top of a building on the years, the disguised woman
city street, complete with managed to convince two
his photo, full name, and women to marry her, and then
the very personal message. started pressuring them and
The billboard went viral their families for dowry. Sweety
on social media and most Sen was recently arrested and
people found the billboard told police that he never allowed
hilarious. It’s not clear if the his wives to touch him during
stunt was successful and the day, and only consummated
the anonymous woman was their marriage at night, in total
finally able to get in touch darkness, using sex toys she had
with Carlos Orozco. bought online. A medical

36 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


Hands-free
phone use
while driving
How safe
is that?
By Motoring Guru

U
nder the Traffic and Road Safety
(Restriction of Use of Mobile
Telephones) Regulations, 2004,
the use of mobile telephone while cause the driver to visually imagine what extension of the office. They negotiate deals,
driving is restricted and punishable by law they are talking about and that this activity set up appointments, or teleconference
in Uganda. uses the same part of the brain as normally while driving. On the social from, many are
Under the regulation, a person shall used to watch the road. The effect of the individuals involved in critical relationship
not—(a) while driving a motor vehicle, use distraction is almost the equivalent of driv- discussions and even emergencies.
a hand-held mobile telephone; or (b) while ing at the threshold of the drink drive limit. In reality, they are involved in conversa-
instructing a learner driver, in the process of It means the chances of you having an acci- tions that require concentration. One expert
driving, use a hand-held mobile telephone. dent using hands-free increases four-fold. in Britain said according to an online report:
According to the regulation, any person The stakes are just too high. “If you’re just talking, you’re thinking about
who contravenes it is liable, on conviction, Often, such people are busy business your conversation, the journey has gone
to a fine of not less than five currency owners or managers who use the car as an and you don’t remember those last 20 miles.
points (Shs100,000) and not exceeding ten “It is time the Government acted to put
currency points (Shs200,000), or to impris- an end to the menace of hands-free and they
onment not exceeding on year, or both. need to impose a penalty commensurate
Interestingly, the regulation makes the
following exemption: “A person does not Scientists with drink driving.”
Another study sponsored by AAA Foun-
contravene regulation 3, if he or she is using
a hands free kit or similar device inserted to showed that dation for Traffic Safety in the U.S., has
given the latest “up-to-date risk estimates
the mobile telephone.”
This exemption is interesting in light of drivers using related to the most common ways drivers
use smartphones while behind the wheel.

a phone in its
what is known about the impact on driver It says texting while driving increases the
concentration while using a hands free odds of a crash two to eight times, while

hands-free
device. Many experts have argued that use driving and talking on mobile devices—
of hands-free mobile phones should be even handsfree—makes an accident four

mode are as
regulated in the same manner as use of the times as likely.
hand-held mobile phone. They argue that It confirmed that drivers who engage in
using any phone while driving is a major visual-manual tasks while behind the wheel
cause of distraction, irrespective of whether
the call is hands-free or not, legal or illegal.
distracted elevate their risk of a crash. In the AAA’s
view, any tasks that require them (drivers)
They say that chances of having an accident
while using a hands-free phone increase
as when to take their eyes or attention off the road is
a distraction and should be avoided while
four-fold.
Scientists at the University of Sussex in
holding it the vehicle is in motion; this includes the use
of handheld or hands-free cell phones.
2016 conducted studies that showed that
drivers using a phone in its hands-free
mode are as distracted as when holding it.
They discovered that phone conversations

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 37


Profile
Malaika Nnyanzi on lessons
from her mother
By Agnes E Nantaba Gayaza High School and com- private life unlike TV. It was

M
pleted high school at Makerere not long before she started
alaika Nnyanzi is College. She graduated with receiving invites for radio jobs
a fast rising radio a Bachelor of Science in Inter- and two years down the road,
and TV personal- national Business at United she called it quits with urban
ity in Uganda States International University Television to take up her
with a growing audience. She in Nairobi. In Nairobi, she current position on
co-hosts the morning show says, she worked as a models KFM radio
‘D mighty breakfast’ with manager doing productions
Brian Mulondo on KFM. She for Swahili Fashion Week and
is also an MC for events and Zambia Fashion Week among
an actress who has featured others across the region. She
in several films including the joined the media when she
popular ‘Beneath the lies’. Em- returned from Kenya after the
ceeing is another job she loves six year sojourn.
doing and her first gig was for “When I returned to Ugan-
the NEYO concert. da, my initial plan was not to
One does not have to look stay for too long but return to
too deep to find the source Kenya and start something
of her bubbling energy and new,” said Nnyanzi.
passion, Nnyanzi will tell you “I was still thinking on my
matter-of-factly that she is next move and discovering
motivated by the love of good myself”.
things. And since good things As a person who never sits
cost money, she has no choice back but finds something to
but to hustle. do, Nnyanzi’s next move was
Her typical day starts as ear- to try out several other jobs;
ly as 3:45am to prepare for the including marketing and man-
breakfast show after which she aging models back in Kenya.
proceeds to edit for Vodafone Even when she had not done
and this feeds into the evening a media job before, Nnyanzi
gigs as MC closing the day at chose it over a corporate job
about midnight. But even with just as something she had
such a long day, Nnyanzi is always loved to do. She
happy to work. started with Urban TV
“I made a decision to sleep hosting `Urban Today’ and
when I have earned it and until later `Fashionista’.
then, I work while I still can,” “The job rediscovered
says Nnyanzi. me and opened up my
“My mother taught me to be world,” she says.
a hardworking person”. But, as an admirer of
Nnyanzi is the only girl and top radio personalities,
last born of the two children Nnyanzi equally
of Mr. and Mrs Nnyanzi. She loved radio which,
was born in Nairobi Kenya at a she says, gives
time when her father, a former room for a
army man was exiled. The
family later relocated to Ugan-
da; settling in the heart of
the city before resettling
in Kampala’s suburb
of Bugolobi.
There, she
went to Safari
Kindergarten,
Kampala Par-
ents School,

38 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


Q&A

Malaika Nnyazi’s Liteside


Any three things we don’t What is your greatest greater than loving and What do you most value

I
know about you? extravagance? being loved back. Every in your friends?
love dancing. People They say I love shoes too step and stride I have Their ability to
think I am very much but there is no such made in my career has understand me; they love
friendly and I am a thing. I just love shoes. been a happy one for me. me for who I am, support
polite. I also like to When I graduated with each other and be there at
keep to myself because I What is the greatest thing a first class degree, it all times.
am a private person. you have ever done? was so amazing. When I
Being the only one returned to Uganda and Who are your favorite
What is your idea of to interview and host still struggling, I requested writers?
perfect happiness? NEYO in Uganda; it was to borrow my Mum’s car I am trying to learn how
I love to be with my also great being the first only to be surprised with to read because I listen
friends, dancing and Ugandan to host the my own. That car means so more.
watching movies. Namibian Annual Awards much to me and I pledge
and Rockstar TV. never to sell it but pass it Which historical figure do
What is your greatest fear? on to my children. you most identify with?
Snakes and mediocrity What is your current state I can’t think of anyone.
scare me. of mind? Which talent would you
I am just a happy person. most like to have? Who is your hero of
What is the trait you most I wish I could sing. fiction?
deplore in yourself? What does being powerful I love Natalie Portman;
When someone upsets mean to you? If you could change one she is able to capture an
me, I shut off completely My mother is the best thing about yourself, what emotion, falls and fits into
which is very unfair to definition of a powerful would it be? any character and has a
the other person since it person. Power is being I want to get bigger in high level of passion. I love
doesn’t give them chance able to use the brick stones size. and follow her for that. I
to explain or correct. thrown at you to build a also love Bonang of South
house. My mother uses What do you consider Africa.
What is the trait you most those things to build and your greatest
deplore in others? gets even better. achievement? Who are your real life
Negative people who Everything I have heroes?
always find the bad in What do you most dislike achieved is great. That has to be my
everything and those who about your appearance? mother
can’t tolerate a different I have always been small If you were to die and
opinion. but people make too much come back as a person or a What is your greatest
fuss about it. It made me thing, what would it be? regret?
Which living person do somehow hate my body Everything about I know God does
you most admire? but of recent, I am learning Beyonce. everything in His time but
Beyonce and Bonang to love myself. I believe that I delayed
Matheba. I also respect Where would you most God’s plan for me. I
Crystal Newman for Which living person do like to live? think the if had I stayed
she has shown everyone you most despise? I can live anywhere in in our company, a year
that you can be a lady, I am just so busy to start Africa. longer and may be things
mother wife and media despising me. wouldn’t have turned out
personality. And even What is your most the way they did
with all that, she What or who is the treasured possession?
remains calm. greatest love of your life My shoes. How would you like to
Without a doubt, it has die?
to be my mother. She What do you regard as the I don’t want to go past
taught me every value lowest depth of misery? the age of 60 years unless I
in life. The love she has Burying your child is am able bodied. But I also
doesn’t stop with us but just too much. want to go when Africa is
spreads to others. the dream destination.
What is your favorite
When and where were you occupation? What is your motto?
happiest I never pick from my I was born to be great,
When I got my radio job children because all of it’s not an aspiration, is my
was a dream come true. them feed into each other. destiny.
The feedback was positive However, radio is my
and there is nothing training ground.

Feb 23 - March 01, 2018 39


Global comment
By Aloysio Nunes Ferreira
A global refugee strategy
Brazil’s policy of open doors, and open arms reminds
us to offer safety to those united by hardship

R
ecently, leaders from Latin America leadership on this issue. to help those in need. Nevertheless, at
and the Caribbean met in Brazil For example, in January 2012, Brazil the moment, some countries are doing
to discuss solutions to the global established a humanitarian visa program more than others to assist refugees. Of
refugee crisis. Observer countries, to benefit Haitians forced to flee after the world’s refugee population, 84% are
international organisations, and representa- the devastating 2010 earthquake. More currently hosted by developing coun-
tives of civil society also took part in the dia- than 85,000 Haitians migrated to Brazil, tries. As that figure clearly shows, a new
logue, which was co-hosted by the Brazilian and all had their legal status quickly approach, based on shared responsibili-
government and the Office of the United resolved, enabling them to work, study, ties, is urgently needed. That is why the
Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. and use the public health-care system. regional meeting that Brazil hosting
The aim of the two-day gathering was This effort not only afforded a degree of this February was so important. Simply
to strategise new ways to assist the mil- dignity to the displaced; it also helped put, Brazil wanted to share what it has
lions of displaced people in the region insulate refugees from “coyotes,” smug- learned.
and around the world. Their conclusions gling networks that prey on the destitute For decades, Latin American and Carib-
will help form the regional contribution and desperate. bean countries have pursued a unified
to a new “global compact on refugees,” Then, in 2013, another humanitarian approach to aiding the displaced, while
which will be presented to the UN Gen- visa program was created, this time to our legal frameworks have set the global
eral Assembly later this year. benefit people affected by the conflict standard for refugee protection. For
Addressing the plight of refugees is in Syria; more than 10,000 entry visas example, in 1984, the region’s landmark
one of the greatest challenges currently were eventually allocated as part of that Cartagena Declaration on Refugees com-
facing the international community. initiative. Finally, in late 2017, Brazil mitted signatories to the principle of
With some 65.6 million people forcibly adopted a new national migration law, non-refoulement. Three decades later,
uprooted by violence, natural disasters, which guarantees migrants the same regional governments renewed this
and economic hardship, there are more legal protections as citizens, in line with pledge by adopting the Brazil Declara-
displaced people today than immedi- the human-rights principles that inform tion and Plan of Action, which aims to
ately after World War II. And, because no Brazil’s foreign policy. The legislation end statelessness in the region by 2024,
country is immune to the consequences also helped simplify the naturalisation among other goals.
associated with large movements of process for the stateless, virtually elimi- These multilateral agreements are in
refugees, only a coordinated response nating the issue of statelessness in Brazil. addition to unilateral policies adopted
can ameliorate the suffering. Rather than Every country has a responsibility by countries in the region. Such policies
closing borders, as some governments include constitutional protections for
have done, the international community asylum seekers, provision of temporary
must work together to address the issue identification documents, and guaran-
of global displacement.
As we search for solutions, it is impor- These teed access to public education, banking,
and health-care services.
tant to remind ourselves that while refu-
gees may flee for different reasons, they multilateral As these measures demonstrate, gov-
ernments in Latin America and the
are united by hardship. As UN Secretary-
General António Guterres notes, refugees agreements Caribbean have laid the groundwork to
strengthen the international response to

are in addition
are the “most vulnerable of the vulner- the world’s refugee crisis. Brazil’s goal is
able,” people who have been driven from to channel the region’s collective experi-

to unilateral
their countries, families, and friends, not ence into a more equitable, global solu-
by frivolous impulse, but by persecution tion. After the region’s leaders meeting

policies
and conflict. In other words, no matter in Brasília recently, and when they join
where refugees are going, they are run- world leaders in New York later this
ning for their lives. year, we must inspire one another to ease
In response to this tragic reality – and
despite being saddled by a severe fiscal
adopted by the suffering of the many millions who
have suffered enough. Only through
crisis that has led to austerity measures
at home – Brazil’s government has accel-
countries in open doors – and open arms – will the
world’s refugees find safety.
erated efforts to protect those arriving on
our shores. Through the establishment
the region Aloysio Nunes Ferreira is the Minister of
of new integration and resettlement pro- Foreign Affairs of Brazil.
grams, Brazil is reinforcing an open-door
policy toward refugees, the displaced, Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2018.
and the stateless, while also signaling our

40 Feb 23 - March 01, 2018


We are live everywhere, Always