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SPECIFIC SKILLS FOR MUET LISTENING

No. Specific Listening Skills The Students should be able to:


1 Identifying and using ways to 1. Know the exam format and procedures.
prepare for Listening to Oral 2. Switch off any distractions.
Information 3. Focus on the recordings
1.1 Physical Preparation 1. Listen to understand information.
-Real-life listening & 2. Listen to participate in social
Recorded Texts interactions.
3. Listen to decipher information.
1.2 Cognitive Preparation 1. Read and understand the questions.
-Recalling terms, words and 2. Predict topics, terms and words based on
given titles to activate the clues given in the questions.
prior knowledge. 3. Recall and associate relevant background
-Asking questions to clarify knowledge.
doubts
2 Using strategies to Recognise 1. Take note of key words indicated by
key words stress, intonation, repetition and
etc.
2.1 Identifying key words that 1. Recognize the class of words and their
occur in a spoken text. functions.
-details, types of 2. Recognize the time and number references
information needed and words (tenses /plural and singular)
that provide information. 3. Recognize the content words
2.2 Recognising the order in 1. Recognize the subjects, pronoun
which words occur in an references, verbs, adjectives and
utterance adverbs.
3 Identifying key transitions 1. Pay attention to the transition
in a discourse. markers used.
2. Follow the development of idea,
discussion or information in the
recording.
3. Identify segments/parts where ideas
are still similar, elaborated further,
exemplified or illustrated, identify
different purpose for different parts
of the recording i.e defining,
introducing, rousing interest,
explaining, giving reasons, giving
examples, compare and contrast, cause
and effects and etc.
3.1 Identifying sequence markers 1. Identify various ways ideas or
in a discourse. information are sequenced :
2. Identify the different ways the
sequence markers are used in a
recorded text.
i.e First, Firstly, First and
Foremost/Then, secondly, after than,
next/ Later, prior to that,

3.2 Identifying sequence of 1. Recall the order of events mentioned


events. in the recording.
3.3 Recognising the time 1. Understand whether the action/events
reference of an utterance. mentioned is in the past , present or
yet to happen/to be done.
3.4 Arranging Information to 1. Identify the structure of the charts
Follow Development of a Point in Section 1.
or an Argument. 2. Decide how the information from the
recording will be arranged .
3 Recognising Grammatical
Relationships Between Key -
Elements in Sentences.
3.1 Identifying the referents of Pronouns/Possessive Pronouns/Reflexive
pronouns in an Utterance. Pronouns
He/She/It /Him/Her/It
/His/Her/It’s/Himself/Herself/Itself
3.2 Identifying Modal verbs which 1. Identify the purpose
occur in a spoken text. Shall, Should, Must, Need, Ought to…
3.3 Recognizing sounds or lexical
items according to their -
linguistic functions.
4 Recognising stress and
intonation to identify word 1. Learn to understand the non-linguistic
and sentence functions. message sent
- 2. Identify the emphasis
4.1 Recognising word stress on 1. Recall the correct words.
first or second syllable. 2. Spell the words correctly.
4.2 Recognising syllable stress
in word families.
4.3 Differentiating between key
content words (stressed) and Content words = groups of words where the
function words (unstressed). important points/details are found
Function words = surrounding words that
complete the content words grammatically and
semantically.
5 Distinguishing Phonological
Cues to Differentiate
Sentences and Questions.
5.1 Recognising prefixes.
5.2 Recognising word boundaries.
5.3 Distinguishing between Positive statements = Sentences that say
positive and negative positive things about something.
statements. Negative statements = Sentences that denote
something negative/things that can’t be done
by something.