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Detail calculations of element: Chilled Water Piping Insulation Type of the element Orientation Element material

Detail calculations of element: Chilled Water Piping Insulation

calculations of element: Chilled Water Piping Insulation Type of the element Orientation Element material Length Wall

Type of the element Orientation Element material Length Wall thickness Outer diameter Nominal size

Calculation standard

Criterion

Safety margin against external condensation Dew point

Minimum required insulation thickness Selected insulation thicknes Selected materials:

Pipe Horizontal orientation Steel l = 1 m g e = 8 mm D E = 355.6 mm D N = 350 mm

EN ISO 12241

Protection from external

condensation

e = 0 K

S = 32.09 °C

D = 24.0 mm D ins = 25 mm NBR ( = 0.033 W/m·K)

from external condensation e = 0 K S = 32.09 °C D = 24.0 mm D

Intermediary results for a system with selected materials

Old total heat loss Total heat loss Heat loss di erence Performance Improvement Heat loss per meter External surface temperature Dew point Internal surface temperature Heat transfer coe cient from outside surface Heat transfer coe cient from inside surface External heat resistance Internal heat resistance Thermal resistance Heat transfer coe cient

Medium data

Medium type Internal surface temperature

Environment data

Environment type External surface temperature Wind speed Relative humidity

Surface nish type

Surface nish material Emissivity factor

0 = -503.50 W = -49.42 W = -454.08 W pi = 90.19 % q l = -49.42 W/m e = 32.24 °C S = 32.09 °C i = 3.00 °C

h

se = 14.07 W/m²·K

h

si = 0.00 W/m²·K

R se = 0.06 m²·K/W R si = 0.00 m²·K/W R = 0.65 m·K/W U = 1.54 W/m·K

Water i = 3.00 °C

Outdoor e = 35.00 °C = 5.00 km/h = 85.00 %

Stainless steel = 0.15

Temperature chart The program is a support to the work of the designer. The User

Temperature chart

Temperature chart The program is a support to the work of the designer. The User bears

The program is a support to the work of the designer. The User bears full responsibility for the results and their application.

PROJECT DATA

Project info

Name of the project

Description of the project

Client

Project address

Ammonia Refrigeration Project

Upsizing of chilled water system

Wyeth Philippines