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Ȼаɧкɨв ɋ.Е., Ʉурушиɧ Ⱥ.Ⱥ.

ɉɊɈЕɄɌɂɊɈȼȺɇɂЕ
ɋȼЧ ɍɋɌɊɈɃɋɌȼ ɂ
ȺɇɌЕɇɇ ɋ
Ansoft HFSS

Москва 2009
ȼɜеɞение

ɉрɨɝраɦɦа HFSS Ansoft v. 9-11 ɞɥя


ɷɥеɤɬрɨɞинаɦичеɫɤɨɝɨ ɦɨɞеɥирɨɜания ɋȼЧ ɫɬрɭɤɬɭр

ȼ1. Ɉɛɳая ɯараɤɬериɫɬиɤа HFSS Ansoft

ȼ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɬɟɧɞɟɧɰɢɟɣ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ


ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɪɚɞɢɨɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɫɱɢɬɚɬɶ ɢɧɬɟɝɪɚɰɢɸ
ɩɨɞɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɧɚ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɭ ɭɡɤɢɯ ɤɥɚɫɫɨɜ
ɪɚɞɢɨɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɣ ɚɩɩɚɪɚɬɭɪɵ ɜ ɟɞɢɧɭɸ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɭ, ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɸɳɭɸ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ
ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɜɫɟɯ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɨɬ ɰɢɮɪɨɜɵɯ ɫɯɟɦ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɢ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɫɢɝɧɚɥɨɜ ɞɨ ɋȼЧ ɫɯɟɦ ɢ ɚɧɬɟɧɧ. ȼ ɪɚɦɤɚɯ ɷɬɨɣ ɬɟɧɞɟɧɰɢɢ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɚ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɩɨ ɮɢɡɢɤɟ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɚɦ
ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɜɦɟɫɬɟ ɧɚ ɛɚɡɟ ɟɞɢɧɨɣ
ɩɥɚɬɮɨɪɦɵ, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɳɟɣ ɢɧɬɟɝɪɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ ɪɚɡɧɵɯ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ ɫ ɰɟɥɶɸ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɜɫɟɣ ɪɚɞɢɨɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɜ ɰɟɥɨɦ.
Ɉɫɨɛɵɣ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫ ɡɞɟɫɶ ɜɵɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɢɧɬɟɝɪɚɰɢɢ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɰɢɮɪɨɜɨɣ ɢ ɚɧɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɣ ɚɩɩɚɪɚɬɭɪɵ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɩɨ ɛɨɥɶɲɟɣ
ɱɚɫɬɢ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɋȼЧ ɚɩɩɚɪɚɬɭɪɨɣ.
ȼ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɪɨɫɬ ɩɪɟɞɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɪɵɧɤɟ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɧɵɯ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɤɚɤ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ
ɰɢɮɪɨɜɨɣ, ɬɚɤ ɢ ɚɧɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɣ ɬɟɯɧɢɤɢ. Ƚɨɜɨɪɹ ɨ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɰɢɮɪɨɜɵɯ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ, ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɜ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɢ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɰɢɮɪɨɜɵɯ ɩɨɬɨɤɨɜ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ. Ƚɪɭɩɩɚ
ɬɚɤɢɯ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɨɜ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɥɚ ɧɚɡɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɨɫɢɦɭɥɹɰɢɢ. Эɬɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɵ ɭɫɩɟɲɧɨ
ɪɟɚɥɢɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɜ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɟ Ptolemy1, ɹɜɥɹɸɳɟɫɹ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ ɫɚɦɨɣ ɦɨɳɧɨɣ ɫɪɟɞɵ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɪɚɞɢɨɫɢɫɬɟɦ ADS – Advanced Design System (ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɹ
Agilent).
Ⱥɧɚɥɨɝɢɱɧɚɹ ɡɚɞɚɱɚ ɪɟɲɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɨɣ VSS, ɜɯɨɞɹɳɭɸ ɜ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ
ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɧɭɸ ɜ Ɋɨɫɫɢɢ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɭ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɋȼЧ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ MWO –
Microwave Office2.
Чɬɨ ɤɚɫɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɚɧɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɪɚɞɢɨɫɢɫɬɟɦ, ɬɨ ɡɞɟɫɶ
ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞ ɨɬ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ, ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɋȼЧ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ
ɦɟɬɨɞɚɦɢ ɬɟɨɪɢɢ ɰɟɩɟɣ (ɤ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɦ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɫɹ ɦɟɬɨɞ Ɉɥɢɧɟɪɚ,
1
www.agilent.com
2
www.moffice.com
ɢɦɟɸɳɢɣ ɜ ɪɹɞɟ ɫɥɭɱɚɟɜ ɞɨɫɬɚɬɨɱɧɨ ɜɵɫɨɤɭɸ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɢ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɬɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ) ɤ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚɦ, ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɸɳɢɦ ɩɨɥɧɨɰɟɧɧɵɣ
ɪɚɫɱɟɬ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɝɨ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɹ. Эɬɚ ɬɟɧɞɟɧɰɢɹ
ɨɛɴɹɫɧɹɟɬɫɹ, ɜ ɩɟɪɜɭɸ ɨɱɟɪɟɞɶ ɬɟɦ, ɱɬɨ ɦɧɨɝɢɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɧɟ ɩɨɞɞɚɸɬɫɹ ɞɟɤɨɦɩɨɡɢɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɵ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɟɫɬɶ ɜ
ɛɢɛɥɢɨɬɟɤɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ. ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɞɚɠɟ ɜ ɩɪɨɫɬɟɣɲɟɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ
ɩɥɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɚ ɦɧɨɝɨɫɥɨɣɧɨɣ ɦɢɤɪɨɩɨɥɨɫɤɨɜɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɬɪɭɞɧɨ
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɶ, ɝɞɟ ɦɢɤɪɨɩɨɥɨɫɤɨɜɚɹ ɥɢɧɢɹ, ɚ ɝɞɟ ɥɢɧɢɹ ɫ ɩɨɞɜɟɲɟɧɧɨɣ
ɩɨɞɥɨɠɤɨɣ.
Ƚɨɜɨɪɹ ɨ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚɯ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ, ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ
ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ ɛɨɥɶɲɨɟ ɪɚɡɧɨɨɛɪɚɡɢɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɜ.
Ɇɟɬɨɞ ɦɨɦɟɧɬɨɜ, ɪɟɚɥɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ ɜ MWO, ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧ ɞɥɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɦɧɨɝɨɫɥɨɣɧɵɯ ɩɟɱɚɬɧɵɯ ɫɯɟɦ. Ɉɧ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɭɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɫɬɜɨɜɚɧ ɜ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ
IE3D3 – ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɝɨ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɋȼЧ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ. ɉɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ IE3D ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ, ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ, ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶ ɚɧɬɟɧɧɵɟ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɫɥɨɠɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɮɢɝɭɪɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɢɯ ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦɵ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ. Ɉɧɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɞɨ ɞɟɫɹɬɢ ɭɬɢɥɢɬ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ
ɪɚɫɲɢɪɹɸɬ ɟɟ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ, ɜɩɥɨɬɶ ɞɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɧɟɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɯ ɋȼЧ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ
ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ. Ⱦɪɭɝɚɹ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɷɬɨɣ ɠɟ ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɢ (Zeland) Fidelity
ɪɟɲɚɟɬ ɡɚɞɚɱɭ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɦ FDTD (Finite
Difference Time Domain). Эɬɨɬ ɦɟɬɨɞ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɟ
ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ, ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɥɶɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɮɢɝɭɪɚɰɢɢ. Ɉɧ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɨɜɚɧ ɜ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɟ
FDTD, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɧɟɜɡɚɢɦɧɵɟ ɋȼЧ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ
(ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɮɟɪɪɢɬɨɜɵɟ ɜɟɧɬɢɥɢ, ɰɢɪɤɭɥɹɬɨɪɵ ɢ ɬ.ɞ.).
ȼ ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɛɨɥɶɲɨɟ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɟ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɥɚ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ High
Frequency System Simulator (HFSS) ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɢ AnSoft, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɚ
ɞɥɹ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɯ ɋȼЧ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ, ɚɧɬɟɧɧ ɢ ɧɟɜɡɚɢɦɧɵɯ
ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɢɯ ɮɟɪɪɢɬɵ. ɇɚɫɥɟɞɭɹ ɥɭɱɲɢɟ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ,
ɪɟɚɥɢɡɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɨɞɧɨɢɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚɯ ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɣ Hewlett Parcard ɢ
Agilent, ɨɧɚ ɫɞɟɥɚɥɚ ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɲɚɝ ɜɩɟɪɟɞ. ɋɪɟɞɢ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɟɣ
Ansoft HFSS ɦɨɠɧɨ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ:
- ɩɟɪɢɨɞɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ, ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ
ɚɧɬɟɧɧɵɯ ɪɟɲɟɬɨɤ;
- ɫɢɫɬɟɦɭ ɦɚɤɪɨɫɨɜ, ɡɧɚɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɹɸɳɭɸ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ;
- ɩɨɞɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɭ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɜɨɥɧ
(eigenmode solver);

3
www.zeland.com
- ɧɨɜɵɟ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ, ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ,
ɚɧɢɦɚɰɢɢ ɤɚɪɬɢɧ ɩɨɥɹ, ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɟ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɯ ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɬ.ɞ.;
- ɚɞɚɩɬɢɜɧɵɣ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɡɚɞɚɱ,
ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɸɳɢɣ ɜɵɫɨɤɭɸ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɶ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ
ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ;
- ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɦɧɨɝɨɩɨɥɸɫɧɢɤɨɜ ɫ ɦɧɨɝɨɦɨɞɨɜɵɦɢ ɩɨɪɬɚɦɢ;
- ɨɛɲɢɪɧɵɟ ɛɚɡɵ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɩɨ ɋȼЧ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚɦ ɢ ɋȼЧ ɤɨɦɩɪɨɧɟɧɬɚɦ;
- ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɢ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ
ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ.
ȼ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɢɟ 5 ɥɟɬ ɢɦɟɧɧɨ HFSS, ɜ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɩɪɢɧɹɥɢ ɭɱɚɫɬɢɟ
ɮɢɪɦɵ Hewlett Packard, Agilent ɢ Ansoft, ɡɚɧɹɥɚ ɥɢɞɢɪɭɸɳɟɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɜ
ɦɢɪɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɋȼЧ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ. Ⱦɪɭɝɢɟ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɳɢɟ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɦɟɬɨɞɵ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ – IE3D, Microwave Office, Microwave
Studio ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɫɜɨɢɯ ɤɥɚɫɫɨɜ ɡɚɞɚɱ. HFSS ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɢɡ
ɤɨɦɦɟɪɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɥɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɧɭɸ ɫɢɥɭ ɲɢɪɨɤɢɟ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ
ɫɬɪɨɝɨɝɨ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ.
Рɢɫ. В-1. Иɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ ɩɪɨɝɪаɦɦɵ HFSS, ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɢɧɬɟɝɪɢɪɨɜаɧɧɵɣ ɫ
Ansoft Designer ɩɨɤаɡɵɜаɟɬ ɢɡɥɭɱаɸщɭɸ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ, ɟɟ ɞɢаɝɪаɦɦɭ
ɧаɩɪаɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɢ ɜɨɡɛɭɠɞɟɧɢɢ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɞɢɫɤɪɟɬɧɵɦ ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɦ
ɧаɩɪяɠɟɧɢя, ɱаɫɬɨɬɧɵɟ ɡаɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɜɯɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɥɟɧɢя.

Эɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɜ HFSS ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɨ ɧɚ


ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɦɟɬɨɞɚ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɵɯ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɨɜ (Finite Element Method, FEM).
Ɋɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɢɳɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɧɨɣ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɦɟɬɨɞɚ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɵɯ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬ ɜɵɫɨɤɭɸ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɶ ɭɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
ɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɯ ɚɥɝɨɪɢɬɦɨɜ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɜɟɫɶɦɚ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɵɦɢ ɞɥɹ
ɲɢɪɨɤɨɝɨ ɤɪɭɝɚ ɡɚɞɚɱ ɨɬ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɜɨɥɧɨɜɨɞɧɵɯ ɢ ɩɨɥɨɫɤɨɜɵɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ ɞɨ
ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɚɧɬɟɧɧ ɢ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ ɧɟɜɡɚɢɦɧɵɯ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜ, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɢɯ
ɝɢɪɨɬɪɨɩɧɵɟ ɫɪɟɞɵ.
HFSS ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɫ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɣ ɬɨɱɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɬɶ ɜɧɟɲɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ
ɋȼЧ ɦɧɨɝɨɩɨɥɸɫɧɢɤɨɜ: ɦɚɬɪɢɰɵ ɪɚɫɫɟɹɧɢɹ, ɦɚɬɪɢɰɵ ɢɦɩɟɞɚɧɫɨɜ ɢ
ɚɞɦɢɬɚɧɫɨɜ. Эɬɨ ɫɥɭɠɢɬ ɨɫɧɨɜɨɣ ɞɥɹ ɢɧɬɟɝɪɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ HFSS ɫ ɞɪɭɝɢɦɢ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚɦɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɭɸɳɢɦɢ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ
ɧɟɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɯ ɡɚɞɚɱ. Ɋɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɧɵɟ S-ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɞɚɥɟɟ ɜ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚɯ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɯ ɢ ɧɟɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɯ ɫɯɟɦ, ɜ ɱɚɫɬɧɨɫɬɢ, ɜ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɟ
Microwave Office, Serenade Ansoft ɢɥɢ ADS. HFSS ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɫɨɜɦɟɫɬɢɦ ɫ
ɩɥɚɬɮɨɪɦɨɣ Ansoft Designer, ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɨɣ ɞɥɹ ɫɤɜɨɡɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɪɚɞɢɨɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ (ɫɦ. ɪɢɫ. ȼ1).

ɉɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ HFSS ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɜ ɫɟɛɹ ɪɹɞ


ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɯ ɲɚɝɨɜ:
1. ɋɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ:
- ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɣ ɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ (ɱɟɪɬɟɠɚ);
- ɡɚɞɚɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ, ɢɡ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɚ.
2. Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ,
ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɳɟɟ:
- ɡɚɞɚɧɢɟ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ ɧɚ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɹɯ, ɮɨɪɦɢɪɭɸɳɢɯ
ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɦɵɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ;
- ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɢ ɤɚɥɢɛɪɨɜɤɚ ɩɨɪɬɨɜ;
- ɡɚɞɚɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ.
3. Эɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ:
- ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɨɫɟ ɱɚɫɬɨɬ;
- ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ;
- ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ.
4. ȼɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ,
ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɳɚɹ:
- ɩɨɫɬɪɨɟɧɢɟ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɨɜ ɜ ɞɟɤɚɪɬɨɜɵɯ, ɩɨɥɹɪɧɵɯ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɚɯ, ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦ
ɋɦɢɬɚ, ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɬ.ɞ.;
- ɚɧɢɦɚɰɢɹ ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɣ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɹ ɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ
ɬɨɤɚ;
- ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɜ ɮɚɣɥɚɯ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ.
ȼɫɟ ɷɬɚɩɵ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɜɵɲɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɜ
ɧɚɫɬɨɹɳɟɣ ɤɧɢɝɟ.
Ⱦɥɹ ɬɨɝɨ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɩɨɥɧɨɟ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɨ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɹɯ
HFSS ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɢɦ ɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɟɟ ɪɹɞ ɧɚɢɛɨɥɟɟ ɜɚɠɧɵɯ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɷɬɨɣ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ.

ȼ.2. Ɍɨчнɨе и ɞɨɫɬɨɜернɨе ɦɨɞеɥирɨɜание ɫɥɨɠнɵɯ ɫɬрɭɤɬɭр

HFSS ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɜ ɫɟɛɹ ɪɹɞ ɩɨɞɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ, ɪɟɚɥɢɡɭɸɳɢɯ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɟ


ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ. ȼ ɢɯ ɱɢɫɥɨ ɜɯɨɞɢɬ ɩɨɞɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɯ ɡɚɞɚɱ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɤɢ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ɢɧɨɝɞɚ ɧɚɡɵɜɚɸɬ ɪɟɲɚɸɳɢɦ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɦ, ɯɨɬɹ,
ɤɨɧɟɱɧɨ, ɧɢ ɨ ɤɚɤɨɦ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɟ ɪɟɱɶ ɧɟ ɢɞɟɬ. Эɬɚ ɩɨɞɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɫ
ɞɨɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɣ ɧɚɞɟɠɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɨɫɬɨɜɟɪɧɵɯ ɢ ɬɨɱɧɵɯ
ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ.

Рɢɫ. В-2. ɉɪɢɦɟɪ ɦɧɨɝɨɫɥɨɣɧɨɣ ɪаɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɣ ɋВЧ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɜ


ɤɨɪɩɭɫɟ

ɉɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɹɦ HFSS ɫɥɟɞɭɟɬ ɩɨɦɧɢɬɶ, ɱɬɨ ɪɚɛɨɬɚ ɫ ɪɟɲɚɸɳɢɦ


ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨɦ ɬɚɤɨɣ ɫɥɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɬɜɨɪɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɦ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ
ɭɫɩɟɯ ɜɨ ɦɧɨɝɨɦ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɬ ɨɬ ɤɜɚɥɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɹ ɢ ɨɬ ɟɝɨ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɹ
ɫɭɬɢ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ. ɋɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɦ
ɦɨɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɡɞɟɫɶ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɣ ɜɵɛɨɪ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ. Эɬɨ
ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɫɹ ɧɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɤ ɜɟɪɧɨɦɭ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɸ ɜɫɟɯ ɮɨɪɦ, ɢ ɬɨɱɧɨɦɭ ɡɚɞɚɧɢɸ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ, ɧɨ ɢ ɤ ɬɨɦɭ ɤɚɤɢɦɢ ɦɚɲɢɧɧɵɦɢ
ɪɟɫɭɪɫɚɦɢ ɪɚɫɩɨɥɚɝɚɟɬ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɳɢɤ, ɤɚɤ ɦɟɥɤɨ ɨɧ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɪɚɡɛɢɬɶ
ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɨ ɧɚ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚɪɧɵɟ ɹɱɟɣɤɢ, ɤɚɤ ɛɵɫɬɪɨ ɦɚɲɢɧɚ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɪɟɲɢɬɶ
ɡɚɞɚɱɭ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɦɟɬɨɞ ɭɩɥɨɬɧɟɧɢɹ ɫɟɬɤɢ. ɇɟɦɚɥɨɜɚɠɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɞɥɹ
ɭɫɩɟɯɚ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɬɨ, ɧɚɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɨɛɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɨ ɢ ɜɟɪɧɨ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɨ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ
ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɦɵɯ ɦɨɞ ɜ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚɯ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ.
HFSS ɩɨɤɚ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɹɟɬ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ.
ɉɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɞɥɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɟɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɯ ɭɡɥɨɜ (ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɢ, ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɵ,
ɞɟɬɟɤɬɨɪɵ) ɩɪɢɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɢɯ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɹɬɶ ɧɚ ɥɢɧɟɣɧɭɸ ɱɚɫɬɶ, ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɦɭɸ ɜ
ɪɚɦɤɚɯ HFSS ɢ ɧɟɥɢɧɟɣɧɭɸ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɞɪɭɝɢɦɢ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚɦɢ ɫ
ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɚɩɩɚɪɚɬɚ ɷɤɜɢɜɚɥɟɧɬɧɵɯ ɫɯɟɦ. Эɬɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɟ
Ansoft Designer ɢɥɢ Ansoft Serenade.

Рɢɫ. В-3. ɉɥɨɫɤая аɧɬɟɧɧа ɜ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɟ ɫɨɬɨɜɨɝɨ ɬɟɥɟɮɨɧа


Ɇɨɳɧɵɦ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɨɦ ɩɨɜɵɲɟɧɢɹ ɬɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɚɞɚɩɬɢɜɧɵɣ
ɦɟɬɨɞ ɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɫɟɬɤɢ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɦ: ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɟ
ɪɚɡɛɢɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɚ ɧɚ ɬɟɬɪɚɷɞɪɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɹɱɟɣɤɢ ɫɨɡɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ
ɛɚɡɨɜɵɯ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɨɜ, ɢɦɟɸɳɢɯɫɹ ɜ ɛɢɛɥɢɨɬɟɤɟ HFSS (ɩɪɢɦɢɬɢɜɨɜ). Эɬɨ
ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɪɚɡɛɢɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɹɱɟɣɤɢ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɝɪɭɛɭɸ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ ɨ ɩɨɥɟ,
ɜɵɞɟɥɹɹ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɫ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɣ ɟɝɨ ɧɚɩɪɹɠɟɧɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɢɥɢ ɫ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɦɢ
ɝɪɚɞɢɟɧɬɚɦɢ. Ɋɚɡɛɢɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɹɱɟɣɤɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɭɩɥɨɬɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɬɚɦ, ɝɞɟ ɩɨɥɟ
ɩɪɟɬɟɪɩɟɜɚɟɬ ɪɟɡɤɨɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ, ɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɹ ɜɵɱɢɫɥɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɡɚɬɪɚɬɵ ɩɪɢ
ɭɥɭɱɲɟɧɢɢ ɬɨɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ. ȿɫɥɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ, ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɜɟɫɬɢ
ɚɞɚɩɬɚɰɢɸ ɜɪɭɱɧɭɸ, ɢɧɬɟɪɚɤɬɢɜɧɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɢɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ.

ȼ.3. ɋɨɡɞание черɬеɠеɣ ɬреɯɦернɵɯ ɨɛɴеɤɬɨɜ

Ȼɥɨɤ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ, ɫɨɜɦɟɫɬɢɦɵɣ ɫ AutoCAD,


ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ:
- ɦɧɨɝɨɤɪɚɬɧɨɟ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ 3D ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ, ɜɵɱɢɬɚɧɢɟ ɢ ɩɟɪɟɫɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɢɯ,
- ɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ,
- ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ/ɫɤɪɵɬɢɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ,
- ɫɞɜɢɝ 2D ɢ 3D ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɜ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ ɢ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ 3D ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɢɡ 2D
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ,
- ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɮɨɪɦɵ ɩɨ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɨɦɭ ɤɪɢɬɟɪɢɸ,
- ɧɟɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧɧɵɟ undo/redo ɢ ɞɪ. ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ.
Рɢɫ. В-4. Дɢɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɪɟɡɨɧаɬɨɪ ɢ ɪаɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɥя ɜɧɭɬɪɢ
ɞɢɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɤа

ȼ.4. Ȼаɡɵ ɞаннɵɯ ɦаɬериаɥɨɜ

Ȼɚɡɚ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ HFSS ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɲɢɪɨɤɢɣ ɫɩɟɤɬɪ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɫ ɪɚɡɧɵɦɢ


ɞɢɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɩɪɨɧɢɰɚɟɦɨɫɬɶɸ, ɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɧɢɰɚɟɦɨɫɬɶɸ,
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɦɢ ɢ ɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɵɦɢ ɬɚɧɝɟɧɫɚɦɢ ɭɝɥɚ ɩɨɬɟɪɶ. ɉɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɵɟ, ɧɟɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɵɟ, ɚɧɢɡɨɬɪɨɩɧɵɟ, ɩɪɨɜɨɞɹɳɢɟ,
ɪɟɡɢɫɬɢɜɧɵɟ ɢ ɩɨɥɭɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɢɤɨɜɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɩɪɢ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ.
ɉɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɮɟɪɪɢɬɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɧɟɜɡɚɢɦɧɵɯ
ɩɪɢɛɨɪɨɜ (ɪɢɫ. ȼ-4). Ɏɟɪɪɢɬ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɢɦɟɬɶ ɨɞɧɨɪɨɞɧɨɟ ɫɬɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ
ɩɨɞɦɚɝɧɢɱɢɜɚɧɢɟ.

Рɢɫ. В-5. На HFSS AnSoft ɜɨɡɦɨɠɟɧ


аɧаɥɢɡ ɮɟɪɪɢɬɨɜɵɯ ɰɢɪɤɭɥяɬɨɪɨɜ
ɫɥɨɠɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɮɢɝɭɪаɰɢɢ

ȼ.5. Ȼиɛɥиɨɬеɤа ɦɨɞеɥеɣ

ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ HFSS ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɛɨɥɶɲɭɸ ɛɢɛɥɢɨɬɟɤɭ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ,


ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɭɫɤɨɪɹɟɬ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ. К ɢɯ ɱɢɫɥɭ ɨɬɧɨɫɹɬɫɹ:

- ɦɢɤɪɨɩɨɥɨɫɤɨɜɨɟ T ɪɚɡɜɟɬɜɥɟɧɢɟ,
- ɦɢɤɪɨɩɨɥɨɫɤɨɜɵɟ ɢ ɩɨɥɨɫɤɨɜɵɟ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨ ɲɢɪɨɤɨɣ ɢ ɩɨ ɭɡɤɨɣ
ɫɬɨɪɨɧɟ,
- ɫɪɟɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɢ ɧɟɫɪɟɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɵ ɦɢɤɪɨɩɨɥɨɫɤɨɜɵɯ ɥɢɧɢɣ,
- ɪɚɞɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢ ɧɟɫɢɦɦɟɬɪɢɱɧɵɟ ɢɡɝɢɛɵ ɥɢɧɢɣ,
- ɤɨɚɤɫɢɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɫ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɵɦ Zo,
- ɤɪɭɝɥɚɹ ɢ ɤɜɚɞɪɚɬɧɚɹ 3D ɫɩɢɪɚɥɶ,
- ɦɚɝɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ Ɍ-ɦɨɫɬ,
- ɩɥɨɫɤɢɟ ɚɧɬɟɧɧɵ,
- ɫɩɢɪɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɤɨɧɮɢɝɭɪɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɞɪ.
Рɢɫ. В-6 . HFSS ɩɨɡɜɨɥяɟɬ ɭɜɢɞɟɬɶ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɭɸ ɞɢаɝɪаɦɦɭ ɧаɩɪаɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ
аɧɬɟɧɧɵ

ȼ.6. ɉрɨеɤɬирɨɜание анɬенн

HFSS ɜɵɱɢɫɥɹɟɬ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɢ ɚɧɬɟɧɧ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ


ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬ ɭɫɢɥɟɧɢɹ, ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦɵ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ (Ⱦɇ) ɜ
ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣ ɡɨɧɟ, ɫɟɱɟɧɢɹ Ⱦɇ ɜ ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣ ɡɨɧɟ ɲɢɪɢɧɭ ɥɭɱɚ ɩɨ ɭɪɨɜɧɸ 3 ɞȻ (ɪɢɫ.
ȼ-6), ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ ɚɧɬɟɧ-ɧɵ, ɭɫɢɥɟɧɢɟ, ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬ ɷɥɥɢɩɬɢɱɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɬ.ɞ.
Ɋɚɫɫɱɢɬɵɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɩɨɥɹɪɢɡɚ-ɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɢ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɵ
ɩɨɥɹ ɜ ɫɮɟɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɚɯ ɢ ɜɟɤɬɨɪɵ ɩɨɥɹɪɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɩɨɥɹ.
Рɢɫ. В-7. Эɬɨɬ ɜɨɥɧɨɜɨɞɧɨ-ɤɨаɤɫɢаɥɶɧɵɣ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞ яɜɥяɟɬɫя ɬɟɫɬɨɜɨɣ
ɡаɞаɱɟɣ HFSS. Тɨɱɧɨɫɬɶ ɪаɫɱɟɬа ɩɨ ɫɪаɜɧɟɧɢɸ ɫ ɷɤɫɩɟɪɢɦɟɧɬаɥɶɧɵɦɢ
ɞаɧɧɵɦɢ – ɞɨɥɢ ɞȻ

ȼ.7. ɉɨɫɬɩрɨɰеɫɫɨр ɩɨɥя

ɉɨɫɬɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪ HFSS – ɷɬɨ ɫɩɟɰɢɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ:

- Ɉɛɟɫɩɟɱɢɜɚɟɬ ɚɧɢɦɚɰɢɸ ɞɥɹ ɥɸɛɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɹ ɢ ɟɝɨ ɜɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɸ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ


ɜɟɤɬɨɪɨɜ, ɤɨɧɬɭɪɨɜ ɢɥɢ ɡɚɲɬɪɢɯɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɤɨɧɬɭɪɨɜ.
- Ɉɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɟɬ ɫɬɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɢ ɚɧɢɦɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɱɟɪɬɟɠɢ ɧɚ ɥɸɛɨɣ
ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ, ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɯ
ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɢ ɧɚ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɹɯ.
- ȼɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬ ɚɧɢɦɚɰɢɸ ɜɟɤɬɨɪɨɜ ɩɨɥɹ, ɫɤɚɥɹɪɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɹ ɢɥɢ ɥɸɛɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɨɣ
ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɵ, ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɨɣ ɫ ɩɨɥɟɦ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɩɨɫɬɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪɧɭɸ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɭ
ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ (ɪɢɫ. ȼ-7).
ȼɢɡɭɚɥɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɩɨɥɹ ɢ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɣ ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦɵ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ,
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɳɢɟ ɦɹɝɤɢɟ ɰɜɟɬɨɜɵɟ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞɵ, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɸɬ ɢɡɭɱɢɬɶ ɛɥɢɠɧɢɟ ɩɨɥɹ
ɢ ɩɨɥɹ ɢɡɥɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɫ ɜɵɫɨɤɨɣ ɬɨɱɧɨɫɬɶɸ. ɉɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɜɪɚɳɚɬɶ
ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ ɜ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɟ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɢ ɫ ɦɝɧɨɜɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɦɨɞɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹɦɢ
ɝɪɚɮɢɤɨɜ.
ɉɨɫɬɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɭ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ, ɩɨɫɥɟ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɩɨɥɹ. ɋ
ɟɝɨ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɜɵɱɢɫɥɢɬɶ ɬɚɤɢɟ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɢ ɤɚɤ ɦɨɳɧɨɫɬɶ
ɪɚɫɫɟɹɧɢɹ, ɩɨɝ-ɥɨɳɟɧɧɚɹ ɷɧɟɪɝɢɹ, ɞɨɛɪɨɬɧɨɫɬɶ, S-ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɢ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɫ
ɧɢɦɢ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɢ. Ɍɚɤɠɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɵ ɚɛɫɨɥɸɬɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ
ɩɨɥɟɣ. Ɍ.ɟ. ɜ ɤɚɠɞɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɟ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɚ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɜɵɜɟɫɬɢ ɦɨɞɭɥɶ ɢ ɮɚɡɭ
ɜɟɤɬɨɪɨɜ ȿ ɢ ɇ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɹ.

Рɢɫ. В-8. В ɥɸɛɨɦ ɫɟɱɟɧɢɢ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɜɢɞɟɬɶ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɢ ɦаɝɧɢɬɧɵɟ ɩɨɥя,


ɛɥɢɠɧɟɟ ɪɟаɤɬɢɜɧɨɟ ɢ ɞаɥɶɧɟɟ ɩɨɥɟ ɢɡɥɭɱɟɧɢя.

ɍɧɢɤɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɩɨɥɹ ɜɨ ɜɫɟɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɯ


ɫɟɱɟɧɢɹɯ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɚɧɢɦɚɰɢɹ ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɹ ɡɚ ɫɱɟɬ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɮɚɡɵ
ɜɨɡɛɭɠɞɚɸɳɟɝɨ ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɚ, ɱɬɨ ɫɨɡɞɚɟɬ ɜɩɟɱɚɬɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɯɨɠɞɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɹ
ɱɟɪɟɡ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ. ɉɨɫɥɟ ɧɚɤɨɩɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɨɩɵɬɚ, ɷɬɭ
ɚɧɢɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɭɸ ɤɚɪɬɢɧɭ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɞɥɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ, ɢ
ɞɥɹ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɚ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ. Эɬɢ ɤɚɪɬɢɧɵ ɞɜɢɠɭɳɟɝɨ ɩɨɥɹ ɩɪɢɧɨɫɹɬ
ɧɟɨɰɟɧɢɦɭɸ ɩɨɦɨɳɶ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɱɢɤɭ, ɩɨɫɤɨɥɶɤɭ ɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɨ, ɱɬɨ ɥɭɱɲɟ ɨɞɢɧ ɪɚɡ
ɭɜɢɞɟɬɶ, ɱɟɦ ɫɬɨ ɪɚɡ ɭɫɥɵɲɚɬɶ.

ȼ.8. Каɥɶɤɭɥяɬɨр ɩɨɥя

Кɚɥɶɤɭɥɹɬɨɪ ɩɨɥɹ - ɷɬɨ ɩɨɞɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ, ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɚɹ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ


ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɣ ɜɟɤɬɨɪɨɜ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɢ ɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɟɣ. Кɚɥɶɤɭɥɹɬɨɪ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɜɵɱɢɫɥɢɬɶ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɧɵɟ ɨɬ ɜɟɤɬɨɪɨɜ ɩɨɥɹ ɢ ɢɯ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬ, ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɢ ɡɚɩɢɫɚɬɶ
ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɮɚɣɥ ɢ ɦɧɨɝɨɟ ɞɪɭɝɨɟ.
Кɚɥɶɤɭɥɹɬɨɪ ɧɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɵ, ɩɨɤɚ ɨɧɢ ɧɟ ɧɭɠɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɞɚɥɶɧɟɣɲɟɝɨ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɜɵɜɨɞɚ ɧɚ ɝɪɚɮɢɤ. Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, ɷɤɨɧɨɦɹɬɫɹ ɜɵɱɢɫɥɢ-
ɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɟɫɭɪɫɵ ɢ ɜɪɟɦɹ.

ȼ.9. ɉараɦеɬричеɫɤиɣ анаɥиɡ и ɨɩɬиɦиɡаɰия

HFSS ɢɦɟɟɬ ɦɨɳɧɵɣ ɦɚɤɪɨɤɨɦɚɧɞɧɵɣ ɹɡɵɤ ɫ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶɸ


ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɩɢɫɢ ɢ ɦɨɞɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ. Эɬɢ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɟɚɥɢɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɜ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɟ Optimetrics, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɢ
ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɸ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ, ɢɡɦɟɧɹɹ ɮɨɪɦɭ ɢ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɜɯɨɞɹɳɢɯ ɜ ɧɟɟ
ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɨɜ.

Рɢɫ. B-9. Тɟɫɬɨɜая ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪа ɜɨɥɧɨɜɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɞɟɥɢɬɟɥя ɦɨщɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ


ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡаɰɢя ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɢ ɜɵɫɬɭɩа

ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɰɟɥɟɜɨɣ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɩɪɢ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɤɚɤ


ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɟ S-ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ, ɬɚɤ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɢ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦɭ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɚɧɬɟɧɧɵ. ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ
ɱɟɬɵɪɟɯɫɩɢɪɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɚɧɬɟɧɧɵ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɲɢɪɨɤɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɜ
ɩɪɢɟɦɧɢɤɚɯ GPS. ȿɟ ɢɡɥɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɤɪɭɝɨɜɭɸ ɩɨɥɹɪɢɡɚɰɢɸ ɢ ɞɢɚɝɪɚɦɦɭ
ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ ɫ ɨɱɟɧɶ ɦɚɥɵɦɢ ɡɚɞɧɢɦɢ ɥɟɩɟɫɬɤɚɦɢ. Ⱥɧɬɟɧɧɚ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɥɚɫɶ
ɧɚ HFSS. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɧɵɟ ɦɚɤɪɨɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ, ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɳɢɤ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɟɧ
ɛɵɫɬɪɨ ɫɞɟɥɚɬɶ ɞɟɫɹɬɤɢ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɨɜ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɩɨɧɹɬɶ, ɤɚɤɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɫɢɥɶɧɟɟ
ɜɥɢɹɸɬ ɧɚ ɲɢɪɢɧɭ ɥɭɱɚ ɚɧɬɟɧɧɵ, ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬ ɭɫɢɥɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ ɛɨɤɨɜɵɯ
ɥɟɩɟɫɬɤɨɜ.
HFSS ɭɱɢɬɵɜɚɟɬ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɤɨɪɩɭɫɚ ɧɚ ɢɡɥɭɱɚɸɳɢɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɚɧɬɟɧɧɵ.
ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɸ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɭɬɢɥɢɬɵ Optimetrics, ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɳɢɤ
ɫɩɨɫɨɛɟɧ ɦɢɧɢɦɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɷɬɨ ɜɥɢɹɧɢɟ ɢ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɭ ɩɨ
ɤɪɢɬɟɪɢɸ ɦɚɤɫɢɦɭɦɚ ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬɚ ɭɫɢɥɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɦɢɧɢɦɭɦɚ ɤɪɨɫɫ -
ɩɨɥɹɪɢɡɚɰɢɨɧɧɨɝɨ ɢɡɥɭɱɟɧɢɹ.

ȼ.10. Ɉɛɳая ɩɥаɬɮɨрɦа ɩрɨɝраɦɦɵ Ansoft Designer

ɋɢɫɬɟɦɚ Ansoft Designer - ɷɬɨ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ


ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɵɯ ɫɯɟɦ ɢ ɪɚɞɢɨɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ.

Рɢɫ. В-10. Мɧɨɝɨɨɤɨɧɧɵɣ ɢɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ Ansoft Designer ɜɤɥɸɱаɟɬ ɫɯɟɦɧɨɟ,


ɫɢɫɬɟɦɧɨɟ, ɬɨɩɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɢ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧаɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɩɪɟɞɫɬаɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɡɥɨɜ
ɇɨɜɚɹ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɹ «Solver on Demand» ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɜɹɡɢ ɦɟɠɞɭ
ɢɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫɨɦ Ansoft Designer ɢ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɨɣ Ansoft HFSS. Ansoft Designer
ɢɧɬɟɝɪɢɪɭɟɬ ɜ ɨɞɧɨɦ ɢɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫɟ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɧɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɨɦ, ɫɯɟɦɧɨɦ ɢ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɧɨɦ ɭɪɨɜɧɹɯ. ɉɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɪɟɲɚɟɬɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ ɢ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɟ
ɤɥɚɫɫɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ, ɬɚɤɢɟ ɤɚɤ ɪɚɫɱɟɬ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɫɨɝɥɚɫɭɸɳɢɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ ɬɪɚɧɡɢɫɬɨɪɧɵɯ ɋȼЧ ɭɫɢɥɢɬɟɥɟɣ, ɩɟɪɟɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɟɦɵɯ
ɝɟɧɟɪɚɬɨɪɨɜ, ɫɦɟɫɢɬɟɥɟɣ, ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɫɜɹɡɢ, ɚɧɬɟɧɧ ɢ ɬ.ɞ. Ansoft Designer
ɩɟɪɟɜɨɞɢɬ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɋȼЧ, ȼЧ, ɜɵɫɨɤɨɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɧɵɯ ɰɢɮɪɨɜɵɯ ɫɯɟɦ ɢ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɫɜɹɡɢ ɧɚ ɧɨɜɵɣ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɜɵɫɨɤɢɣ ɭɪɨɜɟɧɶ. ȼɫɟ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɢɟ ɧɨɜɨɜɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ,
ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ, ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ, ɦɝɧɨɜɟɧɧɵɣ ɩɟɪɟɯɨɞ ɨɬ
ɫɯɟɦɧɨɝɨ ɤ ɬɨɩɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɦɭ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ, ɢɧɬɟɝɪɚɰɢɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɞɪɭɝɢɦɢ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚɦɢ ɮɢɪɦɵ Ansoft – ɪɟɚɥɢɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɜ AnSoft Designer.

Рɢɫ. В-11. Аɧаɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɦая ɫɯɟɦа ɞɟɥɢɬɟɥя ɦɨщɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɤɥɸɱаɟɬ


ɪаɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɢ ɞɢɫɤɪɟɬɧɭɸ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɭ ɧаɜɟɫɧɨɝɨ ɫɨɩɪɨɬɢɜɥɟɧɢя

ȿɝɨ ɢɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɜɵɡɜɚɬɶ ɫɪɚɡɭ ɜ ɷɬɨɦ ɠɟ ɨɤɧɟ ɢ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ


ɜɚɠɧɵɯ ɭɬɢɥɢɬ: Nexxim (ɤɨɫɢɦɭɥɹɰɢɹ ɧɚ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɧɨɦ ɭɪɨɜɧɟ), ɢ Q3D
Extractor (ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɫ ɭɱɟɬɨɦ ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ). ȼ
ɨɛɳɟɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ Ansoft Designer ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɬɶ ɫɥɨɠɧɭɸ ɫɯɟɦɭ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ
ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɢ ɚɧɬɟɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɲɟɬɤɢ, ɢ ɮɟɪɪɢɬɨɜɵɟ ɧɟɜɡɚɢɦɧɵɟ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɵ, ɢ
ɰɢɮɪɨɜɵɟ ɫɯɟɦɵ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɫɢɝɧɚɥɨɜ.

Рɢɫ. В-12. ɉɨɫɬɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪɧая ɨɛɪаɛɨɬɤа ɞаɧɧɵɯ ɜɤɥɸɱаɟɬ ɜɵɜɨɞ S-


ɩаɪаɦɟɬɪɨɜ, ɛɥɢɠɧɟɝɨ ɢ ɞаɥɶɧɟɝɨ ɩɨɥя, ɞɢаɝɪаɦɦɵ ɧаɩɪаɜɥɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ,
ɩаɪаɦɟɬɪɨɜ аɧɬɟɧɧɵ, ɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɯ ɢ ɧɟɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɯ ɯаɪаɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ

Ɍɚɤɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ, Ansoft Designer ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɞɥɹ


ɤɨɫɢɦɭɥɹɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɭɪɨɜɧɟ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɫ ɭɱɟɬɨɦ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɛɥɨɤɨɜ, ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɚɧɧɵɯ
ɧɚ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨ-ɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɭɪɨɜɧɟ. Ansoft Designer ɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɟɬ ɪɢɫɤɢ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɞɚɟɬ ɢɧɠɟɧɟɪɭ ɝɥɭɛɨɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɢ ɞɟɬɚɥɶɧɭɸ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ
ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɜɫɟɯ ɷɬɚɩɨɜ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ.

Ansoft Designer ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɛɢɛɥɢɨɬɟɤɢ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɨɜ ɜɟɞɭɳɢɯ ɦɢɪɨɜɵɯ


ɮɢɪɦ: Motorola (ɦɨɳɧɵɟ LDMOS ɬɪɚɧɡɢɫɬɨɪɵ), Murata (ɦɢɤɪɨɤɨɧɞɟɧɫɚɬɨɪɵ,
ɦɢɤɪɨ-ɢɧɞɭɤɬɢɜɧɨɫɬɢ, ɮɢɥɶɬɪɵ ɢ ɞɪ.), NEC (ɦɚɥɨɲɭɦɹɳɢɟ
ɦɢɤɪɨɬɪɚɧɡɢɫɬɨɪɵ), TDK (ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɵ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɫɜɹɡɢ) ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɹɩɨɧɫɤɢɯ,
ɟɜɪɨɩɟɣɫɤɢɯ ɢ ɚɦɟɪɢɤɚɧɫɤɢɯ ɤɨɦɩɚɧɢɣ.
Рɢɫ. В-13. Аɧаɥɢɡ ɩɨɬɟɧɰɢаɥɶɧɵɯ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɟɣ аɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬа,
ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɭɫɬɨɣɱɢɜɨɫɬɢ, ɪаɜɧɨɝɨ ɭɫɢɥɟɧɢя ɢ ɤɨɷɮɮɢɰɢɟɧɬа ɲɭɦа,
ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɫɝɥаɠɢɜая ɯаɪаɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ, ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜаɧɢя ɢ ɫɢɧɬɟɡа
ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ ɧа ɨɫɧɨɜаɧɢɢ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɧɵɯ ɞаɧɧɵɯ – ɷɬɢ ɢ ɦɧɨɝɢɟ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɨɩɰɢɢ
ɢɦɟɸɬɫя ɜ Ansoft Designer

ȼ ɡɚɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɜɜɨɞɧɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɟɦɚɹ ɤɧɢɝɚ ɨɯɜɚɬɵɜɚɟɬ


ɜɫɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɵɟ ɜɨɩɪɨɫɵ, ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɫɜɨɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ HFSS Ansoft.
Ɉɧɚ ɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɧɚ ɞɟɜɹɬɭɸ ɜɟɪɫɢɸ, ɚ ɬɚɠɟ ɧɚ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 10 ɢ 11, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɟ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɟ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɪɚɧɧɢɯ ɜɚɪɢɚɧɬɨɜ. ɉɨ
ɩɪɢɧɰɢɩɭ ɢɡɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ ɞɚɧɧɚɹ ɤɧɢɝɚ ɩɪɨɞɨɥɠɚɟɬ ɥɢɧɢɸ,
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɭɸ ɜ ɩɨɩɭɥɹɪɧɨɦ ɩɨɫɨɛɢɢ ɩɨ HFSS ɮɢɪɦɵ Hewlett Parcard [3].

Ɂɚɜɟɪɲɚɹ ɜɜɨɞɧɭɸ ɱɚɫɬɶ ɧɚɲɟɣ ɤɧɢɝɢ, ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɨɬɦɟɬɢɬɶ


ɛɨɥɶɲɨɣ ɜɤɥɚɞ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɜɧɨɫɹɬ ɜ ɞɟɥɨ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɜɧɟɞɪɟɧɢɹ ɜ
ɭɱɟɛɧɵɣ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɋȼЧ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ ɋɚɦɚɪɫɤɚɹ ɲɤɨɥɚ, ɉɢɬɟɪɫɤɚɹ
ɲɤɨɥɚ, ɦɧɨɝɢɟ ɧɚɭɱɧɵɟ ɢɧɫɬɢɬɭɬɵ ɢ ȼɍɁɵ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɢɧɢɦɚɸɬ
ɫɟɪɶɟɡɧɵɟ ɭɫɢɥɢɹ ɩɨ ɪɚɡɪɚɛɨɬɤɟ ɪɚɞɢɨɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ
ɤɨɦɦɟɪɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ. ɉɪɢɧɨɫɢɦ ɛɥɚɝɨɞɚɪɧɨɫɬɶ ɤɚɮɟɞɪɚɦ ɆЭɂ, ɆȺɂ,
ȼɥɚɞɢɦɢɪɫɤɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɢɬɟɯɧɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɢɧɫɬɢɬɭɬɚ, Кɚɥɭɠɫɤɨɝɨ ɇɂɂ Ɋɚɞɢɨɫɜɹɡɢ,
Ɍɭɥɶɫɤɨɝɨ ɂɧɫɬɢɬɭɬɚ “ɉɨɥɟɬ”, ɢ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɨ ɤ.ɬ.ɧ. Ƚɪɢɛɚɧɨɜɭ Ⱥ.ɇ., ɤ.ɧ.ɬ.
Ɍɟɤɲɟɜɭ ȼ.Ȼ., ɩɪɨɮ. Ɍɪɨɲɢɧɭ Ƚ.ɂ., ɩɪɨɮ. ɇɟɮɟɞɨɜɭ ȿ.ɂ. ɡɚ ɩɨɦɨɳɶ ɢ
ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɤɭ ɩɪɢ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɢ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɤɧɢɝɢ.
Гɥаɜа 1.

Инɬерɮеɣɫ ɩрɨɝраɦɦɵ Ansoft HFSS v.9-11

HFSS - ɷɬɨ ɩɚɤɟɬ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ, ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɣ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɢ


ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɵɯ ɩɨɥɟɣ ɜ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ ɋȼЧ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚɯ.
ɉɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɧɨɟ ɨɛɟɫɩɟɱɟɧɢɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɭ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɯ
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ, ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɭ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɳɭɸ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɦɟɬɨɞɨɜ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ
ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɯ ɡɚɞɚɱ ɢ ɩɨɫɬɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɢ ɞɟɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ
ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ.

ɉɟɪɟɞ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟɦ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɧɚɱɟɪɬɢɬɶ


ɚɧɚɥɢɡɢɪɭɟɦɨɟ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɨ, ɡɚɞɚɬɶ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɞɥɹ ɤɚɠɞɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ, ɭɤɚɡɚɬɶ
ɩɨɪɬɵ ɢ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɧɚ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɹɯ. Ɂɚɬɟɦ HFSS ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɟɬ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɨɟ ɩɨɥɟ ɜ ɤɚɠɞɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɟ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɢ ɧɚɣɞɟɬ ɩɨ
ɷɬɢɦ ɞɚɧɧɵɦ S-ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɢ.

HFSS ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɜ ɫɟɛɹ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɭ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɜɨɥɧ


ɜɨɥɧɨɜɟɞɭɳɢɯ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪ ɢ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɋȼЧ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɬɨɪɨɜ
Eigenmode. Эɬɚ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɜɵɱɢɫɥɹɟɬ ɪɟɡɨɧɚɧɫɧɵɟ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɵ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ
ɤɨɥɟɛɚɧɢɣ ɢ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɵɟ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɯ ɜɨɥɧ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɧɚ
ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɟɟ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɢ, ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɢ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ.

HFSS ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɬɶ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɞɥɹ ɮɢɤɫɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɱɚɫɬɨɬɵ ɢɥɢ ɞɥɹ ɪɹɞɚ
ɱɚɫɬɨɬ.

1.1. ɋиɫɬеɦнɵе ɬреɛɨɜания

Ⱦɥɹ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ HFSS ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɦɨɳɧɵɟ ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ


ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɵ. ɋɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɬɪɟɛɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɦɢ:

ɉɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪ: Pentium III, 500 MHz,


ɋɜɨɛɨɞɧɨɟ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɨ ɧɚ ɠɟɫɬɤɨɦ ɞɢɫɤɟ (ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ HFSS v.9): 200
Mb,

Ɉɩɟɪɚɬɢɜɧɚɹ ɩɚɦɹɬɶ (RAM): 256 MB.

Ⱦɥɹ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ ɡɚɞɚɱ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɬ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɸ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ,


ɪɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɸɬɫɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪ ɫɨ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɹɦɢ:

ɉɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪ: Pentium IV, 1 GHz,

ɉɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɨ ɧɚ ɠɟɫɬɤɨɦ ɞɢɫɤɟ (ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ HFSS ɢ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ


ɮɚɣɥɨɜ): 500 MB,

Ɉɩɟɪɚɬɢɜɧɚɹ ɩɚɦɹɬɶ (RAM): 2 GB.

ɋɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɨɧɧɵɟ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɢɜɚɸɬ HFSS Ansoft ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9-


11:

• Windows NT 4.0 Workstation,

• Windows NT 4.0 Server,

• Windows 2000 Professional,

• Windows XP Professional.

1.2. Инɬерɮеɣɫ HFSS Ansoft


ɂɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ HFSS ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɢɯ ɨɤɨɧ, ɥɢɧɟɣɤɢ ɦɟɧɸ, ɥɢɧɟɣɤɢ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ, ɢ ɥɢɧɟɣɤɢ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ (ɪɢɫ. 1.1).

1.3. Ɋаɛɨɬа ɫ ɦеню


ɋɬɪɨɤɚ ɦɟɧɸ (ɫɚɦɚɹ ɜɟɪɯɧɹɹ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 1.1) ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɮɚɣɥɚɦɢ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɨɣ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ ɫɬɨɥɚ, ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɢ
ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɨɣ ɜɫɟɯ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ.

Ⱦɥɹ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɩɪɚɜɤɢ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Shift+F1. Ⱦɥɹ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɢɹ ɫɩɪɚɜɤɢ ɨ


ɩɭɧɤɬɟ ɦɟɧɸ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜɨɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɧɚ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ.
Рɢɫ. 1.1. Иɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫ ɩɪɨɝɪаɦɦɵ HFSS Ansoft ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9…11

HFSS ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɩɭɧɤɬɵ ɦɟɧɸ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɵ ɜ


ɜɟɪɯɧɟɣ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɝɥɚɜɧɨɝɨ ɨɤɧɚ:

File Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ File ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɮɚɣɥɚɦɢ


ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ HFSS ɢ ɞɥɹ ɜɵɜɨɞɚ ɧɚ ɩɟɱɚɬɶ.
Edit Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ Edit ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ, ɚ ɬɚɤ ɠɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɬɦɟɧɵ ɢ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɟɧɢɹ
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɣ ɧɚɞ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ.
View Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ View ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɱɚɫɬɟɣ
ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ ɫɬɨɥɚ ɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ, ɞɥɹ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɨɤɧɚ
3D Modeler, ɢ ɞɥɹ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɜɢɞɚ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.
Project Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ Project ɫɥɭɠɚɬ ɞɥɹ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜ HFSS ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ
ɧɨɜɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɫɦɨɬɪɚ ɢ ɡɚɞɚɧɢɹ ɧɚɛɨɪɚ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ, ɢ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.
Draw Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ Draw ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɵ ɞɥɹ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɞɧɨ-, ɞɜɭɯ-, ɢ
ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɞɥɹ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɞɧɨ-
ɢ ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɜ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ.
3D Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ 3D Modeler ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɚ,
Modeler ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɚ, ɢ ɤɨɩɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɮɚɣɥɨɜ Ansoft 2D Modeler ɢ ɮɚɣɥɨɜ 3D
Modeler, ɡɚɞɚɧɢɹ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ, ɞɥɹ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɡɛɢɟɧɢɟɦ
ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɚ ɧɚ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚɪɧɵɟ ɹɱɟɣɤɢ ɜ 3D Modeler, ɡɚɞɚɧɢɹ
ɫɩɢɫɤɚ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ, ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɛɭɥɟɜɵɯ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɫ
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ, ɞɥɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɟɞɢɧɢɰ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɞɪ. ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ.
HFSS Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɜɫɟɦɢ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚɦɢ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ. Ȼɨɥɶɲɢɧɫɬɜɨ ɷɬɢɯ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɨ ɢɡ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.
Tools Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɦɟɧɸ Tools ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ: ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɛɢɛɥɢɨɬɟɤɢ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɭɩɨɪɹɞɨɱɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɛɢɛɥɢɨɬɟɤɢ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ, ɡɚɩɭɫɤɚ ɢ ɡɚɩɢɫɢ ɫɰɟɧɚɪɢɟɜ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ (ɫɤɪɢɩɬɨɜ),
ɨɛɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɛɢɛɥɢɨɬɟɤ, ɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ ɫɬɨɥɚ, ɦɨɞɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɧɵɯ
ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɨɤ (ɨɩɰɢɣ).
Window Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɦɟɧɸ Window ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɭɩɨɪɹɞɨɱɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɨɤɨɧ 3D
Modeler ɢ ɞɥɹ ɭɩɨɪɹɞɨɱɢɜɚɧɢɹ ɤɧɨɩɨɤ ɧɚ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ.
Help Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɦɟɧɸ Help ɫɥɭɠɚɬ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɧɬɟɤɫɬɧɨ-ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɣ
ɫɩɪɚɜɨɱɧɨɣ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ.

1.4. Ɋаɛɨɬа ɫ ɩанеɥɶю инɫɬрɭɦенɬɨɜ


Кɧɨɩɤɢ ɧɚ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɢ ɜɵɩɚɞɚɸɳɢɟ ɦɟɧɸ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɵ ɞɥɹ
ɛɵɫɬɪɨɝɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɤɨɦɚɧɞ.

Ⱦɥɹ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɧɚɠɢɦɚɟɬɫɹ ɤɧɨɩɤɚ ɧɚ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɢɥɢ


ɧɚɡɜɚɧɢɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ.

Ⱦɥɹ ɦɨɞɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɦ ɫɬɨɥɟ, ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ


ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɭɸ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɸ:

• ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Tools (ɂɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɵ), ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Customize (ɇɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɚ).

• ɉɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ ɳɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɩɨ ɥɸɛɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɟ ɧɚ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ,


ɢ ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ ɩɭɧɤɬ Customize (ɪɢɫ. 1.2).
Рɢɫ. 1.2. Ɉɤɧɨ ɜɵɛɨɪа ɢ ɧаɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɢɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫа HFSS

ɇɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɢɯ ɦɟɧɸ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ, ɤɨɝɞɚ ɜɵ ɳɟɥɤɚɟɬɟ ɩɨ


ɨɛɴɟɤɬɭ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ. Ɉɧɢ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ, ɤɨɝɞɚ ɤɭɪɫɨɪ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜ
ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ ɫɬɨɥɚ, ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler, ɢ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ
Project Manager.

ȼɵɩɥɵɜаюɳее ɦеню Эɬɨ ɦɟɧɸ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɩɚɧɟɥɟɣ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ


ɞɥя ɩанеɥи ɫɬɨɥɚ ɫɥɭɠɢɬ ɞɥɹ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɨɤɨɧ ɢɥɢ ɩɚɧɟɥɟɣ
инɫɬрɭɦенɬɨɜ (Toolbar)
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɞɥɹ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɩɚɧɟɥɟɣ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɨɜ.
ȼɵɩɥɵɜаюɳее ɦеню ɜ Ɇɟɧɸ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɨɟ ɜ 3D Modeler ɞɥɹ ɜɵɛɨɪɚ,
ɨɤне ɬреɯɦернɨɝɨ ɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ
черчения (3D Modeler)
(ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɚ, ɩɨɜɨɪɨɬɚ ɢ ɬ.ɞ.), ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ, ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɹ ɛɭɥɟɜɵɯ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ,
ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ, ɡɚɞɚɧɢɹ ɝɪɚɧɢɰ, ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ
ɫɥɢɹɧɢɹ ɢ ɜɵɱɢɬɚɧɢɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ.
ȼɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɟ ɦɟɧɸ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚɦɢ
(Project Manager) ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɞɥɹ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ
ȼɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɟ ɦɟɧɸ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɨɦ ɢ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɮɚɣɥɨɜ ɢ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ;
ɜ ɨɤɧɟ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ,
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɨɦ (Project ɜɵɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ, ɢ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ ɧɚɞ ɫɟɬɤɨɣ ɪɚɡɛɢɟɧɢɹ;
Manager) ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɨɩɰɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ, ɢ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚɦɢ
ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ; ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ;
ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɩɨɫɬɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪɧɵɯ ɨɬɱɟɬɨɜ; ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɨɤ ɧɚ
ɪɚɫɱɟɬ ɞɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɢ ɛɥɢɠɧɢɯ ɩɨɥɟɣ, ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɨɩɰɢɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɢ, ɡɚɩɭɫɤɚ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ Ansoft Maxwell
SPICE.

1.6. Инɫɬрɭɦенɬаɥɶная ɥинеɣɤа ɜ ɦеню


ɂɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɥɢɧɟɣɤɚ ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ
ɢɥɢ ɭɛɪɚɬɶ ɤɚɤɢɟ-ɥɢɛɨ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɜ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɟɣɤɟ. Ⱦɥɹ ɬɨɝɨ,
ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɞɟɥɚɬɶ ɷɬɨ:
• ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɜɟɪɯɧɟɣ ɥɢɧɟɣɤɢ.
Рɢɫ. 1.3. Вɵɛɨɪ Рɢɫ. 1.4. Дɢаɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Customize… ɞɥя
ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɨɜ ɭɫɬаɧɨɜɤɢ ɤɨɦаɧɞ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ
ɢɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫа
ɩɪɨɝɪаɦɦɵ HFSS

Ɋɹɞɨɦ ɫ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɨɣ ɢɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫɚ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧ ɮɥɚɠɨɤ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ


ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɞɚɧɧɵɣ ɩɭɧɤɬ ɜɢɞɢɦ (ɪɢɫ. 1.3). ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɟɫɥɢ ɮɥɚɠɨɤ
ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɪɹɞɨɦ ɫ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ Project Manager, ɬɨɝɞɚ ɨɤɧɨ Project Manager
ɛɭɞɟɬ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɦ ɫɬɨɥɟ.
ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Customize, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɶ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Customize
(ɪɢɫ. 1.4), ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɢɦɟɟɬɫɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ ɧɚ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɦ ɫɬɨɥɟ.

1.7. Меню ɜ ɨɤне 3D Modeler


ȼɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɟ ɦɟɧɸ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɵɛɢɪɚɬɶ, ɢ
ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ (ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟɦ ɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɚ ɢɡɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ, ɜɪɚɳɟɧɢɟɦ ɢ ɬ.ɞ.) ɜɢɞ
ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɢ, ɞɥɹ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɛɭɥɟɜɵɯ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ, ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ,
ɝɪɚɧɢɰ, ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɨɜ ɜɨɡɛɭɠɞɟɧɢɣ, ɪɚɡɛɢɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɹɱɟɣɤɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɜ ɦɟɬɨɞɟ
ɤɨɧɟɱɧɵɯ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɢ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɫ ɜɢɞɨɦ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɵɯ ɩɨɥɟɣ (ɪɢɫ. 1.5).
Чɬɨɛɵ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɬɶɫɹ ɤ ɦɟɧɸ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler:

• ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler (ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ


ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ).
Рɢɫ. 1.5. Ɉɩɟɪаɰɢɢ ɫ ɨɛɴɟɤɬаɦɢ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ 3D Modeler

ɉɨɹɜɢɜɲɟɟɫɹ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɟ ɦɟɧɸ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬ ɞɨɫɬɭɩ ɤ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɚɦ (ɪɢɫ.


1.5) ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ. ɉɪɟɠɞɟ, ɱɟɦ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɥɸɛɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ, ɟɝɨ
ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɜɵɞɟɥɢɬɶ.

1.8. ȼɫɩɨɦɨɝаɬеɥɶнɵе ɦеню ɜ ɨɤне Project Manager


Кɚɠɞɵɣ ɭɡɟɥ, ɢɥɢ ɩɭɧɤɬ, ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ (ɪɢɫ. 1.1) ɢɦɟɟɬ
ɜɫɩɨɦɨɝɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɟ ɦɟɧɸ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɜɵɡɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɚɠɚɬɢɟɦ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɢ ɦɵɲɢ.
ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɧɚ ɡɧɚɱɨɤ Boundaries, ɦɨɠɧɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɚɬɶ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ ɧɚ
ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɢ ɢɯ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ (ɪɢɫ. 1.6), ɩɪɨɫɦɨɬɪɟɬɶ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ ɨ
ɜɫɟɯ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɯ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɚɯ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɭɞɚɥɢɬɶ ɜɫɟ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ,
ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɫɤɪɵɬɶ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɸ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ, ɞɚɬɶ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɢɦɹ, ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ
ɩɪɢɨɪɢɬɟɬ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɨɣ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɚɫɫɢɫɬɟɧɬ
PML ɞɥɹ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ ɬɢɩɚ ɢɞɟɚɥɶɧɨ ɫɨɝɥɚɫɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ ɫɥɨɣ.
Рɢɫ. 1.6. Заɞаɧɢɟ ɝɪаɧɢɰ ɫ ɩɨɦɨщɶɸ ɜɵɩɥɵɜаɸщɟɝɨ ɦɟɧɸ

Ʌɢɧɟɣɤɚ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɣ ɪɚɡɦɟɳɟɧɚ ɜɧɢɡɭ ɨɤɧɚ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ (ɪɢɫ. 1.7). Ɉɧɚ


ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ ɨ ɬɟɤɭɳɢɯ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɚɯ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ
ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɢ.

Рɢɫ. 1.7. Лɢɧɟɣɤа ɫɨɫɬɨяɧɢɣ

Чɬɨɛɵ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɫɤɪɵɬɶ ɥɢɧɟɣɤɭ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɣ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɚ


Status Bar ɜ ɦɟɧɸ View. Ʌɢɧɟɣɤɚ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɣ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɚɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ:
• ɩɨɥɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ X, Y, ɢ Z;
• ɨɩɭɫɤɚɸɳɢɣɫɹ ɫɩɢɫɨɤ, ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɸɳɢɣ ɜɜɨɞ ɚɛɫɨɥɸɬɧɵɯ ɢɥɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ
ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ ɬɨɱɟɤ ɜ ɞɟɤɚɪɬɨɜɨɣ, ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɫɮɟɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɟ
ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ;
• ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ ɱɟɪɬɟɠɚ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.

1.9. Ɋаɛɨɬа ɫ ɦенеɞɠерɨɦ ɩрɨеɤɬа


Ɉɤɧɨ Project Manager ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɵɟ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɵ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ (ɪɢɫ. 1.8).
Рɢɫ. 1.8. Ɉɤɧɨ ɦɟɧɟɞɠɟɪа ɩɪɨɟɤɬа

Ɉɤɧɨ Project Manager ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɞɟɬɚɥɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ HFSS, ɨɛɪɚɡɭɹ «ɞɟɪɟɜɨ


ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ». Кɚɠɞɵɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɨɛɵɱɧɨ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɭɸ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ,
ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɢ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ, ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ ɨɛ
ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ ɢ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨɫɬɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪɧɨɣ ɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ (ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ
ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ).

ȼɟɪɯɧɢɣ ɭɡɟɥ, ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɢɣɫɹ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɢɦɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ. ɉɨ


ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ ɨɧ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɢɦɹ Projectn, ɝɞɟ n - ɩɨɪɹɞɨɤ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɛɵɥ
ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧ ɤ ɬɟɤɭɳɟɦɭ ɫɟɚɧɫɭ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɹ HFSS.

ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɡɚɞɚɬɶ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɪɚɡɜɟɪɬɵɜɚɧɢɟ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ. Ⱦɥɹ


ɷɬɨɝɨ:
1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Tools ɭɤɚɠɢɬɟ Parameters, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ наɠɦиɬе General Options.
ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Options.
2. ȼ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɟ Project Options, ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Expand Project Tree on Insert (ɪɢɫ.
1.9).
Рɢɫ. 1.9. Дɢаɥɨɝ ɜɵɛɨɪа ɨɩɰɢɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬа

ȼ ɷɬɨɦ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɟ ɢɦɟɸɬɫɹ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ. Ɉɬɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ


ɢɦɹ ɞɢɪɟɤɬɨɪɢɢ TEMP ɞɨɥɠɧɨ ɢɦɟɬɶ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɚɧɝɥɢɣɫɤɢɟ ɫɢɦɜɨɥɵ.

1.10. ɉрɨɫɦɨɬр ɞеɬаɥеɣ ɤɨнɫɬрɭɤɰии


Кɚɤ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ȼɵ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬɟ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɧɨɜɭɸ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸ, ɨɧɚ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɤɚɤ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɣ ɭɡɟɥ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ. ȿɝɨ ɢɦɹ HFSSModelN ɩɨ
ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ, ɝɞɟ N – ɩɨɪɹɞɤɨɜɵɣ ɧɨɦɟɪ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ.
Ɋɚɡɜɟɪɧɢɬɟ ɡɧɚɱɨɤ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɬɶ ɜɫɟ
ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɨ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɟɟ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɩɨɥɹ ɜ
ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɟ ɢ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ ɩɨɫɬɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ.

ɍɡɟɥ Definitions ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɜɧɢɡɭ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɢ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɚɟɬ ɜɫɟ


ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɞɟɥɚɧɵ ɜ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.

1.11. Ɋаɛɨɬа ɫ ɨɤнɨɦ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ Properties

Ɉɤɧɨ Properties ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɚɟɬ ɚɬɪɢɛɭɬɵ, ɢɥɢ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɷɥɟɦɟɧɬɚ,


ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ, ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɣ, ɢɥɢ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler. Ɉɤɧɨ
Properties ɞɚɟɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɭɟɦɨɣ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ (ɬɚɛɥ. 1.1).

Таɛɥ. 1.1. ɋɨɫɬаɜ ɞɟɪɟɜа ɩɪɨɟɤɬа


Ƚɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɜ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɡɚɞɚɸɳɢɟ ɩɨɥɟ
Boundaries ɧɚ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɹɯ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ
Excitations ɂɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɢ ɜɨɡɛɭɠɞɟɧɢɹ, ɢɦɟɸɳɢɟɫɹ ɜ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ

Mesh Ɉɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɪɚɡɛɢɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ ɹɱɟɣɤɢ, ɡɚɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ


Operations ɨɛɴɟɦɨɜ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ. ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɪɚɡɛɢɟɧɢɹ ɧɚ
ɹɱɟɣɤɢ - ɧɟɨɛɹɡɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ
Analysis ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɩɨɥɹ
ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɞɥɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
Optimetrics
Results ȼɵɜɨɞ ɜɫɟɯ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɧɵɯ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ
Port Field Ɉɬɨɛɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɥɹ ɜ ɫɟɱɟɧɢɹɯ ɩɨɪɬɨɜ
Display
Field Overlays ɉɚɩɤɢ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɨɜ, ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɳɢɟ ɩɨɥɹ ɧɚ
ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɹɯ ɢɥɢ ɜ ɨɛɴɟɦɟ ɢ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨ ɧɢɦ
ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤɢ
Radiate Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɞɚɥɶɧɢɯ ɢ ɛɥɢɠɧɢɯ ɩɨɥɟɣ

Чɬɨɛɵ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ, ɧɭɠɧɨ:


• ȼ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɞɜɚɠɞɵ ɳɟɥɤɧɭɬɶ ɡɧɚɱɨɤ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ
ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ ɫ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚɦɢ ɟё. ȼ ɷɬɨɦ
ɞɢɚɥɨɝɟ Properties ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɨɤ (ɪɢɫ. 1.10).

Рɢɫ. 1.10. Ɉɤɧɨ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ (ɫɥɟɜа) ɜɵɛɪаɧɧɨɝɨ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ (ɫɩɪаɜа)


ɨɛɴɟɤɬа

Чɬɨɛɵ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨ ɜɢɞɟɬɶ ɨɤɧɨ Properties, ɜ ɦɟɧɸ View, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Property


Window. Ɋɹɞɨɦ ɫ ɷɬɨɣ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɮɥɚɠɨɤ, ɟɫɥɢ ɨɤɧɨ Properties
ɜɢɞɢɦɨ. Ʌɢɛɨ ɳɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ ɜ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ
ɩɚɧɟɥɢ ɫɜɟɪɯɭ ɪɚɛɨɱɟɝɨ ɫɬɨɥɚ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Properties ɜ ɦɟɧɸ. Ɋɹɞɨɦ ɫ
ɷɬɨɣ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɮɥɚɠɨɤ, ɟɫɥɢ ɨɤɧɨ Properties ɜɢɞɢɦɨ.
1.12. Мɨɞиɮиɤаɰия аɬриɛɭɬɨɜ ɨɛɴеɤɬа
ɜ ɨɤне Properties
ɉɪɢ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɢ ɥɸɛɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ,
ɫɨɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɢɡ ɞɜɭɯ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɨɤ: Attribute ɢ Command. ɉɨɫɥɟ ɩɨɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ
ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ, ɢ ɞɥɹ ɦɨɞɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ ɚɬɪɢɛɭɬɨɜ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ:

1. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɟɝɨ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɟɝɨ ɢɦɹ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ
ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɣ.

Рɢɫ. 1.11. Аɬɪɢɛɭɬɵ ɨɛɴɟɤɬа

2. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɚ Attribute, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɨɬɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɧɭɠɧɵɣ


ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ (ɪɢɫ. 1.11).

ȼ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ ɨɬ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚ, ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɟɝɨ, ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɹ


ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ:
• ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɮɥɚɠɨɤ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɚɬɪɢɛɭɬ; ɢɥɢ ɭɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɮɥɚɠɨɤ, ɱɬɨɛɵ
ɛɥɨɤɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɷɬɭ ɨɩɰɢɸ.
• Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ ɢ ɨɬɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɢɥɢ ɬɟɤɫɬ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ
ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ENTER.
• ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɧɨɩɤɭ OK ɢ ɨɬɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɬɟɤɭɳɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ.
1.13. Кɨɦанɞɵ ɦɨɞиɮиɤаɰии ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɨɛɴеɤɬа
ɜ ɨɤне Properties
Ɂɚɤɥɚɞɤɚ Command (ɪɢɫ. 1.12) ɜ ɨɤɧɟ Properties ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɚɟɬ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ
ɨ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɢ, ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɦ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɣ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɛɵɥɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɨ ɪɚɧɟɟ.
ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɩɪɢ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ Draw>Box, ɢɥɢ ɩɪɢ ɦɨɞɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɢ
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ, ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ Edit>Duplicate>Mirror.

Рɢɫ. 1.12. Дɢаɥɨɝ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢя ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɨɛɴɟɤɬа

ɇɟ ɜɫɟ ɨɩɰɢɢ ɜ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɟ Command ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɹ. Ɉɩɰɢɢ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ


ɨɛɵɱɧɨ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɸɬ – ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ, ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ (ɜɵɫɨɬɚ, ɪɚɞɢɭɫ, ɢ ɬ.ɞ.), ɢ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ
ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɩɪɨɡɪɚɱɧɨɫɬɶ. Ⱦɥɹ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ:
1. ȼ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɣ, ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ
ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ.
2. ȼ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɟ Command ɜ ɨɤɧɟ Properties, ɨɬɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɭɣɬɟ ɧɭɠɧɵɟ
ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɢ ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ.

1.14. Ɋаɛɨɬа ɫ ɨɤнɨɦ черчения ɬреɯɦернɵɯ ɨɛɴеɤɬɨɜ


3D Modeler
ȼ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler ɱɟɪɬɹɬɫɹ ɜɫɟ ɫɨɫɬɚɜɧɵɟ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ (ɪɢɫ. 1.13).
Ɉɧɨ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɫɩɪɚɜɚ ɨɤɧɚ ɦɟɧɟɞɠɟɪɚ Project Manager ɫɪɚɡɭ, ɤɚɤ ɜɵ
ɨɬɤɪɨɟɬɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ HFSS ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɠɦɟɬɟ ɧɚ ɡɧɚɱɨɤ . Ɉɤɧɨ 3D
Modeler ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɩɪɨɫɦɨɬɪɚ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɢ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ
ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɣ.
Чɬɨɛɵ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɶ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ 3D Modeler, ɡɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ ɧɚ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɧɨɜɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɜ ɬɟɤɭɳɢɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ Insert HFSS Design, ɥɢɛɨ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ
ɤɧɨɩɤɭ .

Рɢɫ. 1.13. Дɟɪɟɜɨ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɢ ɨɛɥаɫɬɶ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢя ɦɨɞɟɥɢ

Ɋɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɬɫɹ ɱɚɳɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ. Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ȼɵ ɱɟɪɬɢɬɟ,


ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɜɦɟɫɬɟ ɫ ɬɟɤɭɳɢɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɨɦ, ɤɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɧɚɠɢɦɚɟɬɟ File > Save.
Ɉɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɱɟɪɬɹɬɫɹ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler. ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɢɥɢ ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɱɟɪɬɢɬɶ
ɨɞɧɨɦɟɪɧɵɟ (1D) ɢ ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɢɦɢ, ɱɬɨɛɵ
ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ.
ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɜɢɞ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler ɛɟɡ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɢɯ
ɮɚɤɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɨɜ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ, ɜɪɚɳɚɹ ɢɥɢ ɫɦɟɳɚɹ ɢɯ.

1.15. Ɋаɛɨɬа ɫ ɞереɜɨɦ ɯрɨнɨɥɨɝии


Ⱦɟɪɟɜɨ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ (ɪɢɫ. 1.14) ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɹɟɬ ɜɫɟ
ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ, ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɞɟɬɚɥɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ
ɢ ɫɩɢɫɤɢ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ.
Ⱦɟɪɟɜɨ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ ɫɩɢɫɤɚ ɜɫɟɯ ɤɨɦɚɧɞ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɥɢɫɶ
ɤ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ. Эɬɢ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɨɧɢ
ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɥɢɫɶ.
Ри˖ . 1.14. Де˕ ев˓ х˕ ˓ н˓ л˓ ʶ ии ˔ ˕ ˓ екта

Чɬɨɛɵ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɟɬɶ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɭɸ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɣ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ


ɢɦɹ ɩɭɧɤɬɚ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɣ. Ɉɩɰɢɢ ɷɬɨɣ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ
Properties.

Ⱦɟɪɟɜɨ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɣ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɩɨɞɪɨɛɧɨɫɬɢ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ:

Model Ɉɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɜɫɟɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɢ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞ, ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɵɯ


ɩɪɢ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɢ ɤɚɠɞɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ.
Coordinat ȼɫɟ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɣ
e Systems ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.
Planes ɉɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ ɜɫɟɯ ɫɢɫɬɟɦ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ. Кɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɟɬɟ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɭ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ, ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ ɡɚɞɚɸɬɫɹ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ xy,
yz ɢ xz.
Points ȼɫɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɬɢɩɚ «ɬɨɱɤɚ», ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɭɸ
ɦɨɞɟɥɶ.
Lists ɋɩɢɫɤɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɢɥɢ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.
ɋɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɫɩɢɫɤɚ - ɭɞɨɛɧɵɣ ɫɩɨɫɨɛ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ ɝɪɭɩɩɭ
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɜɵɜɨɞɚ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɝɪɚɮɢɤɨɜ ɩɨɥɟɣ ɧɚ
ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɢɯ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɹɯ.

1.16. ɉɨɫɥеɞɨɜаɬеɥɶнɨɫɬɶ ɷɬаɩɨɜ раɛɨɬɵ ɜ HFSS

Ⱦɥɹ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɪɹɞ


ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ: ɧɚɱɟɪɬɢɬɶ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ, ɡɚɩɭɫɬɢɬɶ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ,
ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ. Ⱥɥɝɨɪɢɬɦ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɧɚ HFSS Ansoft
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧ ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 1.15.

Ⱦɚɥɟɟ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɢɦ, ɤɚɤ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ ɜ HFSS:

• Чɟɪɱɟɧɢɟ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.


• Ɋɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.
• ɇɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.
• Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɞɥɹ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɞɢɧɚɦɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɱɢ.
• ɉɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɨɤ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.
• ȼɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ.
• ȼɵɜɨɞ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɨɜ S-ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ.
• ɋɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɚ ɩɨɥɹ ɜ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ ɢɥɢ ɧɚ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ.
• ȼɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɚɧɢɦɚɰɢɢ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ.

Рɢɫ. 1. 15. Аɥɝɨɪɢɬɦ ɪɟɲɟɧɢя ɡаɞаɱɢ ɫ ɩɨɦɨщɶɸ HFSS

Ⱦɥɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ Ɉɩɬɢɦɟɬɪɢɤ


(Optimetrics). ɋ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɟɟ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɢ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ Ɉɩɬɢɦɟɬɪɢɤɚ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɲɚɝɢ:

• ɋɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɨɤ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ.


• ȼɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ.
• ȼɵɜɨɞ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɨɜ, ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɧɵɯ S-ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ.
• ɋɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɨɜ ɩɨɥɟɣ ɜ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɫɟɱɟɧɢɹɯ.
• ɋɨɡɞɚɧɢɟ ɚɧɢɦɚɰɢɢ ɩɨɥɹ.
• Ɂɚɞɚɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɛɭɞɭɬ ɜɚɪɶɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ.
• ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɚ ɧɚ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɸ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɡɚɞɚɧɢɟ ɰɟɥɟɜɨɣ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɢ
ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɚ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɞɥɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ.
• Ɂɚɩɭɫɤ ɢ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ.
• ȼɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ, ɜɵɜɨɞ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɚ ɰɟɥɟɜɨɣ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɧɚ ɬɟɤɭɳɟɣ
ɢɬɟɪɚɰɢɢ.
• ȼɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɞɥɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɣ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ.

1.17. Ɋаɛɨɬа ɫ ɩрɨеɤɬаɦи HFSS


ɉɪɨɟɤɬ HFSS - ɩɚɩɤɚ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɨɞɧɭ ɢɥɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɟɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ
(ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɣ) HFSS. Кɚɠɞɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɭɸ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ,
ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ ɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɨ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɧɵɯ ɩɨɥɹɯ ɢ
ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ ɩɨɫɬɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ.
ɇɨɜɵɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɩɨ ɢɦɟɧɢ Project n ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɫɨɡɞɚɟɬɫɹ, ɤɨɝɞɚ
ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɡɚɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɫɹ. Ɉɬɤɪɵɬɶ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ File > New.
Ɋɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɬɫɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɦɟɧɸ File, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚɦɢ. ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɟɬɟ ɢɥɢ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɟɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɛɟɡ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɷɬɢɯ ɤɨɦɚɧɞ, ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɧɟ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɧɚ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɸ ɞɥɹ
ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.

Фаɣɥɵ HFSS

Кɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɟɬɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ HFSS, ɮɚɣɥ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɟɬ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟ .hfss ɢ


ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɦ ɤɚɬɚɥɨɝɟ. Ʌɸɛɨɣ ɮɚɣɥ, ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɣ ɫ ɷɬɢɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɨɦ
ɬɚɤɠɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧ ɜ ɷɬɨɦ ɤɚɬɚɥɨɝɟ.
ɉɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɢɦ ɨɛɵɱɧɵɟ HFSS ɮɚɣɥɵ ɢ ɬɢɩɵ ɩɚɩɨɤ:

Ɍɚɛɥ. 1.1 . Ɋɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɛɨɱɢɯ ɮɚɣɥɨɜ HFSS


Раɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟ
Назначение фаˇла
.hfss Ɏɚɣɥ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ HFSS ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0
Design_name.hfssresults ɩɚɩɤɚ HFSS ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɚɹ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ
ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ
Project_name.hfssresults ɩɚɩɤɚ HFSS ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɚɹ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ
ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ
.asol ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɨ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɧɵɯ ɩɨɥɹɯ ɜ HFSS ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0.
Эɬɨɬ ɮɚɣɥ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɩɭɫɬɵɦ, ɟɫɥɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɧɟ
ɢɦɟɟɬɫɹ. Эɬɨɬ ɮɚɣɥ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɚɩɤɟ
project_name.hfssresults
.pjt Ɏɚɣɥ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ HFSS 8.5 ɢ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɪɚɧɧɟɣ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ
.anfp ɧɟɣɬɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɮɚɣɥ Ansoft PCB

ɋɨɡɞание ɩрɨеɤɬɨɜ

• ȼ ɦɟɧɸ File ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ New.


ɇɨɜɵɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ. Ɉɧ ɧɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɨ
ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ Project_n, ɝɞɟ n - ɩɨɪɹɞɨɤ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɛɵɥ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧ ɜ
ɬɟɤɭɳɟɦ ɫɟɚɧɫɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɵ.
Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɬɚɤɢɟ ɤɚɤ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ ɢ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ, ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɵ ɩɨɞ
ɢɦɟɧɟɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.
ȼɵ ɡɚɞɚɟɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɤɨɝɞɚ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɟ ɟɝɨ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ
File>Save, ɢɥɢ File>Save As.

Ɉɬɤрɵɬие ɫɭɳеɫɬɜɭюɳеɝɨ ɩрɨеɤɬа

Ɉɬɤɪɨɣɬɟ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɧɵɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ. Ⱦɥɹ ɷɬɨɝɨ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ File ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Open.


2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɮɚɣɥ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɫ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟɦ .hfss. ɉɨ
ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ, ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɚɟɬɫɹ ɮɚɣɥ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɨɬɤɪɵɬ ɢɥɢ
ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧ HFSS.
3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɮɚɣɥ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɶ.
4. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK. ɂɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.

Ɉɬɤрɵɬие неɫɤɨɥɶɤиɯ ɩрɨеɤɬɨɜ

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ File ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Multiple Open.


2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɮɚɣɥ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ HFSS ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0 ɫ
ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟɦ .adsn.
3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɮɚɣɥ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɶ.
4. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK. ɂɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.

Ɉɬɤрɵɬие ɩрɨеɤɬɨɜ, ɫ ɤɨɬɨрɵɦи ɭɠе раɛɨɬаɥи


1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ File, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Open.
2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɬɢɩ ɮɚɣɥɚ Ansoft Legacy EM Projects (*.cls) ɜ ɫɩɢɫɤɟ.
3. ȼ ɨɩɭɫɤɚɸɳɟɦɫɹ ɫɩɢɫɤɟ Look in, ɧɚɣɞɢɬɟ ɪɚɡɦɟɳɟɧɢɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ. ȼ ɫɩɢɫɤɟ
ɩɚɩɨɤ, ɞɜɚɠɞɵ ɳɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɩɚɩɤɭ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɬɭ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ.
4. Ⱦɜɚɠɞɵ ɳɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɶ.

1.18. Ɍранɫɥяɰия ɩрɨеɤɬɨɜ HFSS ɞрɭɝиɯ ɜерɫиɣ

Кɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɨɬɤɪɵɜɚɟɬɟ HFSS ɩɪɨɟɤɬ, ɫɨɡɞɚɧɧɵɣ ɜ Ansoft HFSS ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 8.5


ɢɥɢ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɪɚɧɧɟɣ, ɜɫɟ ɩɪɟɞɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɜɫɟɝɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ
ɬɪɚɧɫɥɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ. Ɉɬɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɨɱɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ
Ɉɩɬɢɦɟɬɪɢɤɚ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵ, ɨɞɧɚɤɨ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɧɨɦɢɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ
ɬɪɚɧɫɥɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ.
ɋɞɟɥɚɟɦ ɞɨɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɡɚɦɟɱɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ
ɪɚɡɥɢɱɧɨɣ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɢ ɜ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ (ɬɚɛɥ. 1.2).

Таɛɥ. 1.2. Иɧɮɨɪɦаɰɢя ɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ ɜ ɦɟɧɟɞɠɟɪɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬа

Геɨɦеɬрия • ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɢ


ɦɨɞеɥи ɧɟɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɚ; ɩɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ,
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ȼɵ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɥɢ, ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ
Properties. Ɉɞɧɚɤɨ, ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɸ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ,
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0.
• Ⱦɥɹ ɟɞɢɧɢɰ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ, ɧɟɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɯ ɜ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0, ɬɚɤɢɯ
ɤɚɤ ɹɪɞ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɫɚɦɵɟ ɛɥɢɡɤɢɟ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵɟ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ;
ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɭɱɟɫɬɶ ɧɨɜɵɟ
ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ.
ȼɨɡɛɭɠɞения и • ɂɦɩɟɞɚɧɫɧɵɟ ɢ ɝɪɚɞɭɢɪɨɜɨɱɧɵɟ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɩɨɪɬɚ ɫɬɚɧɭɬ
ɝраниɰɵ ɢɧɬɟɝɪɚɥɶɧɵɦɢ ɥɢɧɢɹɦɢ ɜ HFSS 9. ȿɫɥɢ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɣ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɢ ɢɦɩɟɞɚɧɫɧɵɟ ɢ ɝɪɚɞɭɢɪɨɜɨɱɧɵɟ
ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɢɦɩɟɞɚɧɫɧɵɟ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬɫɹ, ɚ
ɝɪɚɞɭɢɪɨɜɨɱɧɵɟ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɢɝɧɨɪɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ. ȿɫɥɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ
ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɢ ɢɦɩɟɞɚɧɫɧɵɟ ɢ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɟ ɥɢɧɢɢ,
ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɨɛɟ.
ɂɦɩɟɞɚɧɫɧɵɟ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɛɭɞɭɬ ɢɝɧɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɦɟɬɨɞɟ
ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ Driven Terminal , ɚ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɛɭɞɭɬ
ɢɝɧɨɪɢɪɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɪɟɠɢɦɟ Driven Modal.
• Ƚɪɚɧɢɰɵ, ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɢ ɜɵɛɨɪɟ ɩɟɪɟɫɟɱɟɧɢɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ
ɢɥɢ ɜ ɫɟɱɟɧɢɢ ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɚ, ɧɟ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬɫɹ.
• Ⱦɥɹ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ, ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɨɣ ɧɚ ɩɟɪɟɫɟɱɟɧɢɢ ɞɜɭɯ
ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɟɣ, HFSS 9.0 ɫɨɡɞɚɫɬ ɧɨɜɵɣ ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɣ
ɩɥɨɫɤɢɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ ɩɨ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɢ ɩɟɪɟɫɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɢɬ
ɝɪɚɧɢɰɭ ɧɚ ɷɬɨɬ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ.

• Ɏɭɧɤɰɢɢ, ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɪɚɧɧɢɯ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚɯ, ɫɬɚɧɭɬ


Маɬериаɥɵ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɜ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0; ɩɨɷɬɨɦɭ,
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬɫɹ.
• ɂɞɟɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɧɢɤɢ ɫɬɚɧɭɬ ɪɟɝɭɥɹɪɧɵɦɢ
ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚɦɢ ɫ ɩɪɨɜɨɞɢɦɨɫɬɶɸ 1030.
• ɉɪɢ ɬɪɚɧɫɥɹɰɢɢ ɚɧɢɡɨɬɪɨɩɧɵɯ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɜ, ɞɥɹ ɷɬɢɯ
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ ɫɨɡɞɚɸɬɫɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɵ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ, ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɫ
ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɨɣ ɤɨɨɝɞɢɧɚɬ.
• ɇɟɥɢɧɟɣɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɢɡ ɪɚɧɧɢɯ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɨɜ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɢɦɟɸɬ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɵ ɦɚɝɧɢɬɧɨɝɨ ɧɚɫɵɳɟɧɢɹ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ ɧɭɥɹ,
ɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɮɟɪɪɢɬɨɜɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɵ ɜ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0.
ɂɯ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɧɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɸɬɫɹ.

Mesh • ɂɡɦɟɥɶɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɟɬɤɢ, ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɨɟ ɜ ɥɸɛɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɦɚɯ ɜ


Operations ɧɚɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɯ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚɯ, ɢɝɧɨɪɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ.

Optimetrics • ɧɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ,


ɧɟ ɬɪɚɧɫɥɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ, ɨɞɧɚɤɨ, ɧɨɦɢɧɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɦɨɠɟɬ
ɛɵɬɶ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɚ.
• ɉɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɡɚɰɢɹ ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɨɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧɚ,
ɩɨɬɨɦɭ ɱɬɨ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɚ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ.
Ɍиɩ реɲения • ɉɪɨɟɤɬɵ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɥɢ ɧɚɝɪɭɡɨɱɧɵɟ ɥɢɧɢɢ,
ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬɫɹ ɤ ɬɢɩɭ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ Driven Terminal ɜ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ
9.0.

• Ɍɨɥɶɤɨ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɢ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɢ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɯ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɣ


Уɫɬанɨɜɤи на ɤɚɤ ɢɦɩɟɞɚɧɫɧɵɟ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ ɢɥɢ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɨɣ
реɲение ɡɚɞɚɱɢ ɧɟ ɩɨɞɞɟɪɠɚɧɵ ɜ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0; ɩɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɷɬɢ ɪɟɠɢɦɵ
ɜ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɯ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚɯ ɢɝɧɨɪɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ.

• Ⱦɥɹ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0 ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɟ


ɪɚɡɛɢɟɧɢɟ ɧɚ ɫɟɬɤɭ. ȼɫɟ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ ɪɚɡɛɢɟɧɢɹ ɧɟ
ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɭɸɬɫɹ.
• Эɥɟɦɟɧɬɵ ɦɚɬɪɢɰɵ S-ɦɚɬɪɢɰɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɞɥɹ
ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɬɢɩɚ ɜɨɥɧɵ. Ⱦɥɹ ɜɵɫɲɢɯ ɬɢɩɨɜ ɜɨɥɧ S-ɦɚɬɪɢɰɚ
ɧɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0; ɩɨɷɬɨɦɭ ɜɵɛɨɪ ɷɬɢɯ ɬɢɩɨɜ
ɜɨɥɧ ɜ ɧɚɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɵɯ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚɯ ɢɝɧɨɪɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ.

• ȼ ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɱɚɫɬɨɬ, ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ Number of


Steps, ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɤ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɸ Step Size ɜ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0.

• ɨɛɳɟɟ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɬɪɟɛɭɟɦɵɯ ɚɞɚɩɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɯɨɞɨɜ ɜ


ɧɚɫɥɟɞɭɟɦɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ ɪɚɜɧɵɦ Maximum
Number of Passes ɜ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0. ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɟɫɥɢ ɡɚɞɚɧɵ 3
ɚɞɚɩɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɯɨɞɚ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɡɚɩɪɚɲɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ ɟɳɟ 2
ɚɞɚɩɬɢɜɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɯɨɞɚ, Maximum Number of Passes = 5 ɜ
ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0.

Solutions • Ɋɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɧɟ ɩɟɪɟɧɨɫɢɬɫɹ; ɩɨɷɬɨɦɭ ȼɵ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɫɧɨɜɚ


(Ɋеɲения) ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 9.0.

1.19. ɋɨɯранение ɩрɨеɤɬɨɜ

ɋɨɯранение нɨɜɨɝɨ ɩрɨеɤɬа

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ File, ɤɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ Save As.


2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɩɭɬɶ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɜɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɟ ɮɚɣɥ.
3. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɜ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɟ File name.
4. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɜɟɪɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟ ɞɥɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ.
5. ȿɫɥɢ ɨɤɧɨ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɨɩɰɢɸ Switch to saved, ɫɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ:
• ɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɨɩɰɢɸ, ɞɥɹ ɜɵɛɨɪɚ ɧɨɜɨɝɨ ɢɦɟɧɢ ɮɚɣɥɚ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɬɟɤɭɳɢɣ
ɮɚɣɥ.
• ɂɫɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɜɵɛɨɪ Switch to saved ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ ɩɨɞ ɧɨɜɵɦ
ɢɦɟɧɟɦ.
6. Кɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

ɋɨɯранение аɤɬиɜнɨɝɨ ɩрɨеɤɬа


• ȼ ɦɟɧɸ File, ɤɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ Save .

Ɋɟɤɨɦɟɧɞɭɟɬɫɹ ɱɚɳɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɩɪɢ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɢ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɢ. ɏɨɬɹ


HFSS ɢɦɟɟɬ ɨɩɰɢɸ “auto-save”, ɧɨ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ
ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚ-ɬɨɱɧɵɦ.
HFSS ɩɪɢ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɩɟɪɟɩɢɫɵɜɚɟɬ ɟɝɨ ɩɨɜɟɪɯ ɢɦɟɸɳɟɝɨɫɹ.

ɋɨɯранение ɤɨɩии ɩрɨеɤɬа

Чɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɣ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɵɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɫ ɧɨɜɵɦ ɢɦɟɧɟɦ, ɢ


ɞɪɭɝɢɦ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟɦ ɮɚɣɥɚ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ File ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Save As.

2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɤɚɬɚɥɨɝ, ɝɞɟ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ.

3. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ File name.

4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɧɭɠɧɨɟ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟ ɮɚɣɥɚ.

5. ȿɫɥɢ ɨɤɧɨ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɩɨɥɟ Switch to saved, ɫɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ ɨɞɧɨ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ:


• Ɉɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɩɨɥɟ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɵɦ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɡɢɬɶ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɢɦɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ
ɡɚɤɪɨɣɬɟ ɬɟɤɭɳɢɣ ɮɚɣɥ.
• Ɉɬɦɟɧɢɬɟ ɜɵɛɨɪ Switch to saved, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ ɩɨɞ ɧɨɜɵɦ ɢɦɟɧɟɦ
ɛɟɡ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ.

6. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK. HFSS ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɩɨɞ ɧɨɜɵɦ ɢɦɟɧɟɦ ɢɥɢ


ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟɦ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɜ ɦɟɫɬɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ȼɵ ɡɚɞɚɥɢ.

Аɜɬɨɦаɬичеɫɤɨе ɫɨɯранение ɩрɨеɤɬа

HFSS ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬ ɜ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɳɟɦɫɹ ɮɚɣɥɟ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɢɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ,


ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ȼɵ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɥɢ ɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ ɜ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ, ɟɫɥɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɨɣɞɟɬ,
ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɜɧɟɡɚɩɧɵɣ ɚɜɚɪɢɣɧɵɣ ɨɬɤɚɡ ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɚ. Ⱥɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɳɢɣɫɹ
ɮɚɣɥ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɬɨɦ ɠɟ ɫɚɦɨɦ ɤɚɬɚɥɨɝɟ ɤɚɤ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɣ ɮɚɣɥ ɢ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɟɬ
ɢɦɹ Projectn.hfss.auto ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ, ɝɞɟ n - ɩɨɪɹɞɨɤ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɛɵɥ
ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧ ɤ ɬɟɤɭɳɟɦɭ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɭ. HFSS ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬ ɜɫɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɜ ɚɜɬɨ-ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɳɟɦɫɹ ɮɚɣɥɟ, ɤɪɨɦɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ. ɉɨ
ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ, HFSS ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɤɚɠɞɵɯ 10
ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɣ. “Ɋɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ” – ɷɬɨ ɥɸɛɨɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ȼɵ
ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɥɢ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɟɬ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɜɤɥɸɱɚɹ
ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ, ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɵɟ ɫ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɨɦ, ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɟɦ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɢ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɟɦ.

Чɬɨɛɵ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Tools, ɭɤɚɠɢɬɟ ɧɚ Options, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ General Options.


ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Options (ɪɢɫ. 1.16).

Рɢɫ. 1.16. Заɤɥаɞɤа ɨɩɰɢɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬа

2. ȼ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɟ Project Options, ɨɬɦɟɬɶɬɟ ɝɚɥɨɱɤɨɣ Do Autosave. Эɬɚ ɨɩɰɢɹ


ɜɵɛɪɚɧɚ ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ.
3. ȼ ɩɨɥɟ Autosave interval, ɜɜɟɞɢɬɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɣ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ
ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɢɬɶɫɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟɦ. ɉɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ, ɷɬɚ
ɱɢɫɥɨ ɪɚɜɧɨ 10.

4. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ.


Кɚɤ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɣ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɨ, ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ
ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ. Эɬɨ ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ HFSS ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɢ
ɨɱɢɳɚɟɬ ɥɸɛɭɸ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɸ undo/redo.
Кɨɝɞɚ HFSS ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ, ɤ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɦɭ ɢɦɟɧɢ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟ “.auto”. ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, “Project1.hfss”
ɛɭɞɟɬ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧ ɤɚɤ “Project1.hfss.auto”.

1.20. ȼɨɫɫɬанɨɜɥение ɞаннɵɯ ɩрɨеɤɬа ɜ аɜɬɨɦаɬичеɫɤи


ɫɨɯраняюɳеɦɫя ɮаɣɥе
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɜɧɟɡɚɩɧɨɣ ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɚ ɢɥɢ ɞɪɭɝɨɝɨ ɫɛɨɹ ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ
ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɢɡ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɦɨɝɨ ɮɚɣɥɚ.

Чɬɨɛɵ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɢɡ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ:

1. Ɂɚɩɭɫɬɢɬɟ ɡɚɧɨɜɨ HFSS.

2. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ File ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Open, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɮɚɣɥ


ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ Projectn.hfss, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ, ɩɪɢ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ
ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɳɟɦɫɹ ɮɚɣɥɟ Projectn.hfss.auto. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ Crash Recovery
(ɪɢɫ. 1.17), ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɨɪɢɝɢɧɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɣ ɮɚɣɥ
ɢɥɢ ɮɚɣɥ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɥɫɹ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ.

3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Open project using autosave file (ɪɢɫ. 1.17), ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɢɡ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK.
HFSS ɡɚɦɟɧɢɬ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɣ ɮɚɣɥ ɞɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɢɡ ɚɜɬɨ-
ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ. HFSS ɩɪɢ ɷɬɨɦ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɢɡ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɮɚɣɥɚ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɛɭɞɭɬ ɩɨɬɟɪɹɧɵ.
Рɢɫ. 1.17. Дɢаɥɨɝ ɜɨɫɫɬаɧɨɜɥɟɧɢя ɮаɣɥа ɡаɞаɱɢ

Заɦечаɧие. Ⱦɚɠɟ ɤɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɨɬɦɟɧɹɟɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ, HFSS ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɟɬ ɷɬɨ


ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ɤɚɤ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɱɢɫɥɨ ɲɚɝɨɦ, ɩɨɫɥɟ
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɩɪɨɢɫɯɨɞɢɬ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɟ.
Ɉɬɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɤɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɡɚɤɪɵɜɚɟɬɟ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɢɦɟɧɨɜɵɜɚɟɬɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ, HFSS
ɭɞɚɥɹɟɬ ɮɚɣɥ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ. HFSS ɩɪɟɞɩɨɥɚɝɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ȼɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɥɢ ɥɸɛɵɟ
ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ, ɫɞɟɥɚɧɧɵɟ ɧɚ ɞɚɧɧɵɣ ɦɨɦɟɧɬ.
Ɉɬɦɟɬɢɦ ɬɚɤɠɟ, ɱɬɨ ɤɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ, ȼɵ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ
ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɜɫɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ; ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɳɟɝɨɫɹ
ɮɚɣɥɚ ɨɡɧɚɱɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ȼɵ ɛɭɞɟɬɟ ɬɟɪɹɬɶ ɜɫɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɨɜɚɥɢ ɜ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɨɦ ɮɚɣɥɟ.

ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɜɵɛɢɪɚɟɬɟ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ, ȼɵ ɧɟ


ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɩɟɪɜɨɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɣ ɮɚɣɥ; ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɢɟ
ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɫ ɩɨɦɨɳɶɸ ɚɜɬɨɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɸɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɧɟɨɛɪɚɬɢɦɨ.
Кɨɦанɞɵ ɨɬɦенɵ

ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Undo ɜ ɦɟɧɸ Edit, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɬɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟ


ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ȼɵ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɥɢ ɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ.

1. ȼ ɨɤɧɟ Project Manager, ɫɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ ɨɞɧɭ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɣ:


• ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɬɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ɜ аɤɬɢɜɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ, ɬɢɩɚ ɜɫɬɚɜɤɢ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɢɥɢ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɜɵɞɟɥɢɬɟ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ
(ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɧɚ ɟɝɨ ɡɧɚɱɨɤ).
• ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɬɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ȼɵ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɥɢ ɜ аɤɬɢɜɧɨɣ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɬɢɩɚ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɢɥɢ ɭɞɚɥɟɧɢɹ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɚ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɡɧɚɱɨɤ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ.
2. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Edit, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Undo, ɢɥɢ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɧɨɩɤɭ Undo ɧɚ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ. ȼɚɲɟ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ɬɟɩɟɪɶ ɢɫɤɥɸɱɟɧɨ.

Заɦɟɱаɧɢɟ. ȼɵ ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɨɬɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ HFSS > Analyze.


Ɂɚɦɟɬɢɦ ɬɚɤɠɟ, ɱɬɨ ɤɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ, HFSS ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɭɞɚɥɹɟɬ
ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɸ undo/redo ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɢ ɟɝɨ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɣ.

Кɨɦанɞɵ Redo

ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Redo ɜ ɦɟɧɸ Edit, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨ ɜɟɪɧɭɬɶ, ɢɥɢ


ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ, ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɛɵɥɨ ɨɬɦɟɧɟɧɨ, ɢɥɢ
ɭɧɢɱɬɨɠɟɧɨ. ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɨɬɦɟɧɟɧɧɨɟ ɜɨɡɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ, ɫɜɹɡɚɧɧɨɟ ɫ
ɭɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɨɦ, ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɟɦ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɢ ɩɨɫɬɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɨɣ.

1. ȼ ɨɤɧɟ Project Manager ɫɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ:


• ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ȼɵ ɨɬɦɟɧɢɥɢ ɧɚ
аɤɬɢɜɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ, ɬɢɩɚ ɜɫɬɚɜɤɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɢɥɢ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɯ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɡɧɚɱɨɤ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.
• ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɨɫɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ȼɵ ɨɬɦɟɧɢɥɢ ɧɚ аɤɬɢɜɧɨɣ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɬɢɩɚ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɢɥɢ ɭɞɚɥɟɧɢɹ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɚ ɩɨɥɹ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɧɚ
ɡɧɚɱɨɤ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ.
2. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Edit ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Redo, ɢɥɢ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɧɨɩɤɭ Redo ɧɚ
ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɚɧɟɥɢ. ȼɚɲɟ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɟ ɨɬɦɟɧɟɧɧɨɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɟ ɬɟɩɟɪɶ
ɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɫɹ.

Ɂɚɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɤɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɟɬɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ, HFSS ɜɫɟɝɞɚ ɨɱɢɳɚɟɬ ɜɫɸ


ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɸ undo/redo ɞɥɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɢ ɟɝɨ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɣ.

1.21. ɉрɨɜерɤа ɩраɜиɥɶнɨɫɬи ɭɫɬанɨɜɤи ɩрɨеɤɬɨɜ


ɉɪɟɠɞɟ, ɱɟɦ ȼɵ ɡɚɩɭɫɤɚɟɬɟ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ, ɨɱɟɧɶ ɜɚɠɧɨ ɫɧɚɱɚɥɚ
ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɭ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɨɤ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ. Чɬɨɛɵ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɭ
ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ:
1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Validation Check . HFSS ɩɪɨɜɟɪɢɬ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɢ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɩɨɫɥɟ ɱɟɝɨ ɩɨɹɜɢɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ Validation Check (ɪɢɫ. 1.18).

2. ɉɪɨɫɦɨɬɪɢɬɟ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɵ ɬɟɫɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ Validation Check.

Рɢɫ. 1.18. Ɉɤɧɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ ɩɪаɜɢɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɡаɞаɧɢя ɩɪɨɟɤɬа

3. ȿɫɥɢ ɢɦɟɸɬɫɹ ɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢɹ, ɬɨ ɨɧɢ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ Message


Manager (ɪɢɫ. 1.19).
Рɢɫ. 1.19. ɉɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠɞɟɧɢя: Ƚɪаɧɢɰа «PerfE2» ɩɟɪɟɤɪɵɜаɟɬɫя ɫ ɝɪаɧɢɰɟɣ
«Imped1», ɝɪаɧɢɰа «PerfE3» ɩɟɪɟɤɪɵɜаɟɬɫя ɫ ɝɪаɧɢɰɟɣ «PerfE4»

4. ȿɫɥɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɲɚɝ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧ ɧɟ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɢɥɢ


ɧɟɤɨɪɪɟɬɧɨ, ɬɨ ɪɚɫɫɦɨɬɪɢɬɟ ɞɟɬɚɥɢ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɲɚɝɚ ɢ ɭɫɬɪɚɧɢɬɟ ɧɟɞɨɫɬɚɬɤɢ.

ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɷɬɨɬ ɲɚɝ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧ.

ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɷɬɨɬ ɲɚɝ ɧɟ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧ ɩɨɥɧɨɫɬɶɸ ɢ ɪɚɫɱɟɬ ɧɟɜɨɡɦɨɠɟɧ.


ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ, ɱɬɨ ɷɬɨɬ ɲɚɝ ɬɪɟɛɭɟɬ ɜɧɢɦɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ; ɷɬɨ
ɩɪɟɞɭɩɪɟɠ-ɞɟɧɢɟ, ɧɨ ɜɵɯɨɞ ɧɚ ɫɱɟɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɟɧ.

5. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS, ɤɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ Validation Check ɞɥɹ ɡɚɩɭɫɤɚ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɢ, ɩɨɫɥɟ


ɬɨɝɨ, ɤɚɤ ȼɵ ɞɟɬɚɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɢɥɢ ɤɚɤɭɸ ɥɢɛɨ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɤɭ ɞɥɹ ɧɟɡɚɜɟɪɲɟɧɧɨɝɨ
ɢɥɢ ɧɟɤɨɪɪɟɤɬɧɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɲɚɝɚ.

6. Кɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ Close.

Ɉɤɧɨ Progress ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɞɢɧɚɦɢɤɭ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɚ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ (ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 1.20


ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ Progress, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɩɨɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɜɟɪɤɚ ɩɟɪɟɤɪɵɬɢɹ
ɝɪɚɧɢɰ).
Чɬɨɛɵ ɩɨɤɚɡɚɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɫɤɪɵɬɶ ɨɤɧɨ Progress, ɫɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ ɨɞɧɨ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ:
• ȼ ɦɟɧɸ View, ɤɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ Progress Window. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɛɨɤɫ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɜɵɡɜɚɬɶ
ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ, ɟɫɥɢ ɨɤɧɨ Progress ɜɢɞɢɦɨɟ.

Рɢɫ. 1.20. Ɉɤɧɨ ɩɪɨɝɪɟɫɫа ɜɵɱɢɫɥɟɧɢя


• Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ ɞɟɪɟɜɨ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɣ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ
Progress ɜ ɦɟɧɸ. Ɏɥɚɠɨɤ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɪɹɞɨɦ ɫ ɷɬɨɣ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ, ɟɫɥɢ ɨɤɧɨ
Progress ɜɢɞɢɦɨ.

1.23. Эɤɫɩɨрɬ ɮаɣɥɨɜ

ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɬɢɩɵ ɮɚɣɥɨɜ ɢɡ HFSS_ 9:

• Ɏɚɣɥɵ Ansoft 2D Modeler;


• Ɏɚɣɥɵ 3D ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ;
• Ƚɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɮɚɣɥɵ;
• Ɍɚɛɥɢɱɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ.

Эɤɫɩɨрɬ ɮаɣɥɨɜ Ansoft 2D Modeler


Кɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɬɟ ɮɚɣɥ ɜ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɟ Ansoft 2D Modeler (.sm2),
ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɹ, ɢɦɟɸɳɚɹɫɹ ɜ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ x-y.

Чɬɨɛɵ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ ɫ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟɦ .sm2 ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɰɢɢ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ 3D Modeler, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Export, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ ɜ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɟ


Ansoft 2D Modeler.

2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɤɚɬɚɥɨɝ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ


ɮɚɣɥ.

3. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ File name.

4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Ansoft 2D Geometry Files (*.sm2) ɢɡ ɫɩɢɫɤɚ Save as type.

5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ Save. Ɏɚɣɥ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɟ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɤɚɤ ɮɚɣɥ ɫ


ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟɦ .sm2.

Ɉɬɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɟɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɶ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɧɟ ɥɟɠɢɬ


ɜ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ x0y, ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɭ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɵɯ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ ɞɥɹ
ɩɟɪɟɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ ɦɟɫɬɚ ɟɟ ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ.
Эɤɫɩɨрɬ 3D Model ɮаɣɥɨɜ
ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ HFSS ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɜ ɮɚɣɥɵ ɫ
ɮɨɪɦɚɬɚɦɢ (ɪɢɫ. 1.21):

.sat ACIS ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɟ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɬɟɥɨ


.sm3 Ɏɚɣɥ HFSS 3D Modeler ɜ ACIS ɜɟɪɫɢɢ 2.0 ɢɥɢ ɛɨɥɟɟ
ɩɨɡɞɧɟɣ

Рɢɫ. 1.21. Эɤɫɩɨɪɬ ɮаɣɥа, ɨɩɢɫɵɜаɸщɟɝɨ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸ

Чɬɨɛɵ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ ɜ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɟ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ:


1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ 3D Modeler, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Export… ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ ɜ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɟ
3D model.
2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɤɚɬɚɥɨɝ, ɝɞɟ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ.
3. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ File name.
4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɮɨɪɦɚɬ ɮɚɣɥɚ (ɠɟɥɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɣ) ɢɡ Save as type.
5. ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɜɵɛɪɚɥɢ .sm3, ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Select Version (ɪɢɫ.
1.22). ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɜɟɪɫɢɸ ACIS, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɢɡ
ɨɩɭɫɤɚɸɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɫɩɢɫɤɚ ACIS SM3 Version, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK.
Рɢɫ. 1.22. Вɵɛɨɪ ɜɟɪɫɢɢ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬа ɦɨɞɟɥɢ

6. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ Save. Ɏɚɣɥ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɟ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɤɚɤ ɮɚɣɥ


ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.

1.24. Эɤɫɩɨрɬ ɝраɮичеɫɤиɯ ɮаɣɥɨɜ

Чɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɜ ɞɨɤɭɦɟɧɬɚɰɢɢ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɧɟɫɬɢ ɧɚ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ


ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪ ɞɟɬɚɥɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɦɨɠɧɨ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ
ɮɨɪɦɚɬɵ:

.bmp Ƚɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɮɚɣɥɵ Batch Message Processing.


.gif Ƚɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɮɚɣɥɵ Graphics Interchange Format.
.jpeg Ƚɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɮɚɣɥɵ Joint Photographics Experts Group.
.tiff Ƚɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɮɚɣɥɵ Tagged Image File Format.
.wrl Ƚɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɮɚɣɥɵ Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML).

Чɬɨɛɵ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ ɜ ɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɟ:


1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ 3D Modeler, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Export, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ ɜ
ɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɟ.
2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɤɚɬɚɥɨɝ, ɝɞɟ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ.
3. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ File name (ɪɢɫ. 1.23).
4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɮɨɪɦɚɬ ɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɢɡ Save as type.
5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ Save. Ɏɚɣɥ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɭɸ ɩɚɩɤɭ ɤɚɤ ɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ
ɮɚɣɥ.
Рɢɫ.1.23. Дɢаɥɨɝ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬа ɢ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɵɟ ɮɨɪɦаɬɵ ɫɨɯɪаɧɟɧɢя ɮаɣɥа

1.25. Эɤɫɩɨрɬ ɜ ɮаɣɥ ɬаɛɥиɰɵ ɞаннɵɯ


1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Report2D, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Export to File. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ
ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ ɧɚ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Export to File ɜ
ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɛɨɤɫ Export plot data to file.

2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɤɚɬɚɥɨɝ, ɝɞɟ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ.

3. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ File name.

4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɨɞɢɧ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɨɜ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɢɡ ɫɩɢɫɤɚ Save as type:


.txt ɮɚɣɥ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɚ ɩɨɫɬɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɨɪɚ
.csv Ɋɚɡɝɪɚɧɢɱɟɧɧɵɣ ɮɚɣɥ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ
.tab Ɍɚɛɥɢɱɧɵɣ ɮɚɣɥ
.dat ɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɮɚɣɥ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ
5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ Save. Ɏɚɣɥ ɷɤɫɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɭɤɚɡɚɧɧɨɟ ɦɟɫɬɨ ɧɚ ɞɢɫɤ ɤɚɤ ɮɚɣɥ
ɬɚɛɥɢɰɵ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ.
1.26. Иɦɩɨрɬ ɮаɣɥɨɜ

Чɚɫɬɨ ɭɞɨɛɧɨ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɫɥɨɠɧɭɸ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸ ɜ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɟ,


ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɜ AutoCAD. Ɏɚɣɥ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɧɚɯɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɢɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɹ ɨ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɢɪɭɟɦɨɦ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɟ, ɜɧɨɫɢɬɫɹ ɜ ɨɤɧɨ 3D Modeler. HFSS ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ
ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɮɚɣɥɵ:

• ɮɚɣɥɵ 2D ɦɨɞɟɥɢ
• ɮɚɣɥɵ 3D ɦɨɞɟɥɢ
• ɮɚɣɥɵ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ
• ɮɚɣɥɵ ɬɚɛɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ

1.26.1.Иɦɩɨрɬирɨɜание ɮаɣɥɨɜ 2D Model

ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɜɧɟɫɬɢ ɮɚɣɥɵ ɞɜɭɯɦɟɪɧɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ 3D


Modeler ɫɨ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɚɦɢ:

.gds GDS-II ɷɬɨ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɣ ɮɚɣɥ ɞɥɹ ɬɨɩɨɥɨɝɢɢ 2D


ɝɪɚɮɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɜɢɞɚ
.sm2 Ɏɚɣɥɵ Ansoft 2D Modeler.

Ⱦɟɣɫɬɜɢɹ ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɵɟ ɞɥɹ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɚ ɮɚɣɥɚ 2D ɦɨɞɟɥɢ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ 3D Modeler, ɤɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ Import.


2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɭɤɚɡɚɜ, ɤɭɞɚ ɜɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ.
3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɮɚɣɥ 2D model, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɜɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ.
4. Кɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ Open. Ɏɚɣɥ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɧ ɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ 3D Modeler
(ɪɢɫ. 1.24).
Рɢɫ. 1.24. Иɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜаɧɢɟ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɝɨ ɤɪɭɝа ɜ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɩɥаɧаɪɧɨɣ аɧɬɟɧɧɵ

ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɬɟ ɮɚɣɥ ɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ 3D Modeler, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ


ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɭɸ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ, ɮɚɣɥ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧ ɤ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣ
ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɢ ɧɟ ɡɚɦɟɧɢɬ ɟɟ (ɪɢɫ. 1.24). Кɨɝɞɚ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɸɬɫɹ ɮɚɣɥɵ Ansoft 2D
Modeler (.sm2), ɬɨɝɞɚ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɹ, ɪɚɡɦɟɳɟɧɧɚɹ ɜ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ
xy. ȿɫɥɢ ɜɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɶ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɧɟ ɥɟɠɢɬ ɜ ɝɥɨɛɚɥɶɧɨɣ
ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ xy, ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɫɧɚɱɚɥɚ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɟɟ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɭɸ
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɭ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ.

1.26.2.Иɦɩɨрɬирɨɜание ɮаɣɥɨɜ 3D Model


ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɩɪɨɱɢɬɚɬɶ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɣ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɮɚɣɥ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ
ɧɟɩɨɫɪɟɞɫɬɜɟɧɧɨ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ 3D Modeler:
.dxf Ɏɨɪɦɚɬ ɮɚɣɥɚ AutoCAD
.geo Ɏɚɣɥɵ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ Agilent HFSS.
.iges, .igs Ɏɚɣɥɵ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɚ Initial Graphics Exchange Specification
(IGES).
.sat Ɏɚɣɥɵ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɢ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ACIS
.sm3 Ɏɚɣɥɵ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɹ HFSS 3D
.step, .stp ɂɧɞɭɫɬɪɢɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬ AP203 STEP
Ɂɚɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɟɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɬɟ ɮɚɣɥ ɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ 3D Modeler,
ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɭɸ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ, ɮɚɣɥ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧ ɤ
ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɟɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ; ɧɨ ɧɟ ɡɚɦɟɧɢɬ ɟɟ (ɪɢɫ. 1.25).

Рɢɫ. 1.25. Иɦɩɨɪɬ dxf ɮаɣɥа, ɩɪɟɞɫɬаɜɥяɸщɟɝɨ ɫɨɛɨɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɧа ɨɞɧɨɦ


ɫɥɨɟ

Чɬɨɛɵ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɮɚɣɥ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ:


1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ 3D Modeler, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Import.
2. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɮɚɣɥ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ
ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ.
3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɮɚɣɥ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɣ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ (ɫ
ɨɩɰɢɹɦɢ, ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɵɦɢ ɜ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɟ ɪɢɫ. 1.26).
4. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ Open. Ɏɚɣɥ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɧ ɜ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ 3D Modeler.
Рɢɫ. 1.26. Уɫɬаɧɨɜɤа ɨɩɰɢɣ ɢɦɩɨɪɬа
1.26.3. Иɦɩɨрɬирɨɜание ɞаннɵɯ реɲения
ȼ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɟɦɵɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɜɧɟɫɬɢ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɥɶɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ, ɜ ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ
ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ, ɩɨɥɭɱɟɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚɯ, ɢ ɩɪɟɞɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɧɵɟ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ,
ɞɥɹ ɫɪɚɜɧɟɧɢɹ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɧɵɯ ɢ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɧɵɯ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ S-
ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ. Ⱦɥɹ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɚ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS, ɭɤɚɠɢɬɟ ɧɚ Results, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Import Solutions.


ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Imported Data (ɪɢɫ. 1.27).

Рɢɫ. 1.27. Ɉɤɧɨ ɨɩɰɢɣ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɦɵɯ ɞаɧɧɵɯ


2. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ Import Solution. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ S Parameter
Import.

3. ȼ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ File Name, ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ


ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɨɛɡɨɪ ɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɣɬɢ ɦɟɫɬɨ
ɞɥɹ ɡɚɩɢɫɢ ɮɚɣɥɚ (ɪɢɫ. 1.28).

Рɢɫ. 1.28. Ɉɤɧɨ ɢɦɩɨɪɬа S-ɩаɪаɦɟɬɪɨɜ

4. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ Load File. Ɂɚɦɟɬɶɬɟ, ɱɬɨ ɮɚɣɥ ɩɨɤɚ ɧɟ ɛɵɥ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɧ.

5. ȿɫɥɢ ɧɭɠɧɨ, ɜɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɢɦɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ Source Name.

6. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɜ ɫɩɢɫɤɟ Available


Solutions, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Import. ȼɵ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɟɫɶ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦɭ ɨɤɧɭ
Imported Data.

7. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ


ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK.

1.27. Иɦɩɨрɬирɨɜание ɬаɛɥиɰ ɞаннɵɯ


ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɵ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɜ
ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɚɯ:
• Table Tab. HFSS ɭɡɧɚɟɬ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ, ɟɫɥɢ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɚɹ ɢ
ɦɧɢɦɚɹ ɱɚɫɬɢ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɵ ɡɚɩɹɬɨɣ.
• Table Comma. HFSS ɩɪɢɡɧɚɟɬ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ, ɟɫɥɢ ɞɥɹ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɨɛɟɥ.
1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS, ɭɤɚɠɢɬɟ ɧɚ Results, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Import Solutions.
• Ⱥɥɶɬɟɪɧɚɬɢɜɧɨ, ɳɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ ɧɚ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ
ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Import Solutions ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ
ɨɤɧɨ Imported Data.

2. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ Import Table. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Table Import (ɪɢɫ.


1.29).

3. ȼ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ File Name, ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɫ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟɣ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ,


ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɢɥɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɛɪɚɭɡɟɪ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɭɤɚɡɚɬɶ
ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ ɮɚɣɥɚ.

Рɢɫ. 1.29. Дɢаɥɨɝ ɢɦɩɨɪɬа ɬаɛɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɞаɧɧɵɯ

4. ȿɫɥɢ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ ɤɨɦɩɥɟɤɫɧɵɟ ɱɢɫɥɚ, ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɮɨɪɦɚɬ Real/Imag,


ɢɥɢ Mod/Phase.
5. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ Load File. Ɂɚɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɮɚɣɥ ɧɚ ɷɬɨɦ ɷɬɚɩɟ ɟɳɟ ɧɟ
ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ.

6. ɉɨ ɠɟɥɚɧɢɸ, ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɢɦɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ Source Name, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ


ɭɤɚɡɵɜɚɟɬ ɧɚɱɚɥɨ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ ɢɥɢ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɭ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ.

7. Ɍɚɤɠɟ ɜɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɢɦɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ Table Name, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɨɩɢɫɵɜɚɟɬ


ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ, ɢɥɢ ɨɫɬɚɜɶɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ.

8. ȼ ɫɩɢɫɤɟ All Columns ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɵ ɡɚɝɨɥɨɜɤɢ ɤɚɠɞɨɝɨ ɫɬɨɥɛɰɚ ɜ ɮɚɣɥɟ


ɞɚɧɧɵɯ. ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɥɶɧɨ, ɡɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɢɦɹ ɞɥɹ ɡɚɝɨɥɨɜɤɚ ɫɬɨɥɛɰɚ, ɞɟɥɚɹ
ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ:
a. ȼ ɫɩɢɫɤɟ All Columns, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɡɚɝɨɥɨɜɨɤ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ.
Ɂɚɝɨɥɨɜɨɤ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ Column Name.
b. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɢɦɹ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ Column Name, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Set Column
Name. Ɂɚɝɨɥɨɜɨɤ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧ ɧɚ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɢɦɹ ɜ ɤɚɠɞɨɦ ɦɟɫɬɟ, ɝɞɟ ɨɧ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ
ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦ ɨɤɧɟ Imported Data.

9. ȼ ɫɩɢɫɤɟ Independent Data Columns, ɩɟɪɜɵɣ ɡɚɝɨɥɨɜɨɤ ɮɚɣɥɚ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɵ


ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ. ȼ ɫɩɢɫɤɟ Dependent Data Columns,
ɜɬɨɪɵɟ ɢ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɡɚɝɨɥɨɜɤɢ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɵ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɵ ɩɨ
ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ. ɉɪɨɢɡɜɨɥɶɧɨ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɧɚɡɜɚɧɢɟ ɡɚɝɨɥɨɜɤɚ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ
ɤɧɨɩɤɭ ɫɨ ɫɬɪɟɥɤɨɣ, ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɹ ɟɝɨ ɨɬ ɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɫɬɨɥɛɰɚ ɤ ɞɪɭɝɨɦɭ.

10. ȿɫɥɢ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɫɩɢɫɤɟ Dependent Data Columns ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬ ɦɚɬɪɢɱɧɵɟ


ɞɚɧɧɵɟ, ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Matrix Data. ȿɫɥɢ ɨɧ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɢɬ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɨɥɹ, ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ
Field Data.

11. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ Import. ȼɵ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɟɫɶ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦɭ ɨɤɧɭ Imported Data.

12. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɢɦɩɨɪɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɜ ɫɩɢɫɤɟ Current


Imports, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK. Ⱦɚɧɧɵɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ ɬɟɩɟɪɶ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɵ ɞɥɹ
ɩɨɫɬɨɛɪɚɛɨɬɤɢ.

1.28. ɉечаɬɶ

Кɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɩɟɱɚɬɢ ɞɚɸɬ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ȼɚɦ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɬɶ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ ɜ


ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨɦ ɨɤɧɟ. Чɬɨɛɵ ɪɚɫɩɟɱɚɬɚɬɶ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ:
1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ File, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Print. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ ɩɟɱɚɬɢ.

2. ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɩɟɱɚɬɢ (ɛɨɥɶɲɟɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ dpi ɞɟɥɚɟɬ ɛɨɥɟɟ


ɜɵɫɨɤɭɸ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɭɸ ɩɟɱɚɬɶ, ɧɨ ɬɪɟɛɭɟɬ ɛɨɥɶɲɟɟ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɢ ɩɚɦɹɬɢ
ɩɪɢɧɬɟɪɚ), ɢɥɢ ɜɵɜɟɫɬɢ ɮɚɣɥ ɫ ɪɚɫɲɢɪɟɧɢɟɦ .prn.

3. ɋɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ ɨɞɧɨ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ:


• Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɪɚɫɩɟɱɚɬɚɬɶ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ.
• Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ Cancel, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɬɤɥɨɧɢɬɶ ɨɤɧɨ ɛɟɡ ɩɟɱɚɬɢ.
• ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ Setup, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɩɪɢɧɬɟɪɚ.

1.29. ɋɨɡɞание ɡаɦеɬɨɤ ɨ ɩрɨеɤɬе

ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɹɬɶ ɡɚɦɟɱɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɞɚɬɵ


ɟɝɨ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɭɫɬɪɨɣɫɬɜɚ. Эɬɨ ɩɨɥɟɡɧɨ ɞɥɹ
ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɢ ɯɪɚɧɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɬɨɤɨɥɚ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.

Чɬɨɛɵ ɞɨɛɚɜɢɬɶ ɡɚɦɟɬɤɢ ɤ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɭ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Edit Notes. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ Design Notes.


2. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ ɜɚɲɢ ɡɚɦɟɱɚɧɢɹ.
3. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɯɪɚɧɢɬɶ ɡɚɦɟɱɚɧɢɹ ɫ ɬɟɤɭɳɢɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɨɦ. Чɬɨɛɵ
ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɡɚɦɟɱɚɧɢɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɞɜɚɠɞɵ ɳɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɧɚ
ɡɧɚɱɨɤ Notes ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ Design Notes, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ȼɵ
ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɡɚɦɟɱɚɧɢɹ.

ɂɬɚɤ, ɜ ɷɬɨɣ ɝɥɚɜɟ ȼɵ ɩɨɥɭɱɢɥɢ ɩɟɪɜɵɟ ɫɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɨ ɪɚɛɨɬɟ ɫ ɢɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫɨɦ


ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɵ HFSS v.9 [1,2]. ɂɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫɵ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɜɟɪɫɢɣ, ɢ ɜɨɨɛɳɟ ɦɧɨɝɢɯ
ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦ ɫɬɪɨɹɬɫɹ ɩɨ ɩɨɯɨɠɢɦ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɚɦ ɢ ɜ ɨɫɧɨɜɟ ɢɯ ɥɟɠɢɬ
ɞɟɪɟɜɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɦɟɧɟɞɠɟɪ, ɚ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɨɤɧɚ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɭɫɬɚɧɚɜɥɢɜɚɸɬɫɹ
ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɬɢɩɚ. Эɬɨ ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɟɬ ɷɮɮɟɤɬɢɜɧɨ ɭɩɪɚɜɥɹɬɶ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɟɦ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɦɨɞɟɥɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɢ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɨɦ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɜ.
Гɥаɜа 2

ɉереɦеннɵе и ɮɭнɤɰии ɩрɨеɤɬа

ȼ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɟ HFSS ɲɢɪɨɤɨ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɢ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ,


ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɳɢɟ ɫɬɚɧɞɚɪɬɧɵɟ ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ. ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ
ɦɨɠɧɨ ɡɚɞɚɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɥɚ, ɪɚɡɦɟɪ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɮɨɪɦɵ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ. ɉɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɦ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɩɨ
ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦɭ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɸ, ɚ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɜɟɞɟɧɚ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɜɦɟɫɬɨ ɤɚɤɨɝɨ
ɥɢɛɨ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ.

ɉɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɨɥɟɡɧɵ ɜ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɫɥɭɱɚɹɯ:

• ɨɠɢɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɱɚɫɬɨɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚ ɢɥɢ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɚ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ,


• ɧɟɨɛɯɨɞɢɦɨ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɢɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɡɚɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɪɹɞ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɣ ɜ ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɟ ɪɟɲɟɧɢɹ,
• ɩɪɢ ɜɵɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɢ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ, ɩɨɞɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɢɥɢ ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ.

ɂɦɟɸɬɫɹ ɞɜɚ ɬɢɩɚ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɜ HFSS:

Project ɉɟɪɟɦɟɧɧая ɩɪɨɟɤɬа ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɚ ɧɚ ɥɸɛɨɟ


Variables ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ HFSS, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɨɧɚ ɛɵɥɚ
ɫɨɡɞɚɧɚ. HFSS ɨɬɥɢɱɚɟɬ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɭɸ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɨɬ ɞɪɭɝɢɯ
ɬɢɩɨɜ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ, ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɟɦ ɤ ɢɦɟɧɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ
ɫɢɦɜɨɥɚ $. ɋɢɦɜɨɥ $ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɜɪɭɱɧɭɸ ɞɨɛɚɜɢɬɶ ɤ ɢɦɟɧɢ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɢɥɢ HFSS ɚɜɬɨɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢ ɞɨɛɚɜɢɬ
ɟɝɨ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɬɨɝɨ, ɤɚɤ ȼɵ ɡɚɞɚɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɭɸ.
Design Variables ɉɟɪɟɦɟɧɧая ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɚ ɜɦɟɫɬɨ
ɥɸɛɨɝɨ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ HFSS, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ
ɨɧɚ ɛɵɥɚ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɚ. ɉɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɫɹ ɤ
ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ. ȿɫɥɢ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ ɡɚɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧ-
ɧɚɹ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɨɝɨ ɜ
ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɢɯ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹɯ, ɬɨ ɨɧɚ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.
2.1. Ⱦɨɛаɜɥение ɩереɦеннɵɯ ɩрɨеɤɬа

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Project, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Project Variables. ɂɥɢ ɳɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ


ɦɵɲɢ ɢɦɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Project Variables ɜ
ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Properties.

2. ȼ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɟ Project Variables ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Add (ɪɢɫ. 2.1). ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ


ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Add Property.

Рɢɫ. 2.1. ɋɩɢɫɨɤ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬа

3. ȼ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ Name ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ.


ɂɦɟɧɚ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɯ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɧɚɱɢɧɚɬɶɫɹ ɫ ɫɢɦɜɨɥɚ $. ɂɦɹ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨ-ɰɢɮɪɨɜɵɟ ɡɧɚɤɢ ɢ ɫɢɦɜɨɥɵ
ɩɨɞɱɟɪɤɢɜɚɧɢɹ (_). ɇɚɡɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɯ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɣ ɢ ɡɚɪɚɧɟɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɟ
ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɵɟ () ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɢɦɟɧɚ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ.

4. ȼ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ Value, ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ. ɉɨ ɠɟɥɚɧɢɸ,


ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɟ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɭ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ. Эɬɚ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɢɦɟɬɶ ɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɨɟ
ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ, ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ, ɢɥɢ ɛɵɬɶ ɪɟɡɭɥɶɬɚɬɨɦ ɪɚɫɱɟɬɚ ɩɨ
ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ. ȼɜɟɞɟɧɧɚɹ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɬɟɤɭщɟɣ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ
(current), ɢɥɢ ɡɧаɱɟɧɢɟɦ ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱаɧɢɸ (default), ɢɥɢ ɩɪɨɫɬɨ ɡɧаɱɟɧɢɟɦ (value).

5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK. ȼɵ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɟɫɶ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦɭ ɨɤɧɭ Properties. ɇɨɜɚɹ


ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɢ ɟɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ.
6. ɉɨ ɠɟɥɚɧɢɸ ɜɜɟɞɢɬɟ ɩɨɹɫɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɜ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ Description.

7. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Read Only. ȼ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɢɦɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ, ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ ɢ


ɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɟɟ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɵ (ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɱɬɟɧɢɟ).

8. ɉɨ ɠɟɥɚɧɢɸ ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Hidden (ɫɤɪɵɬɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ). ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɫɧɢɦɚɟɬɟ


ɨɩɰɢɸ Hidden, ɫɤɪɵɬɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɧɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦ ɨɤɧɟ
Properties.

2.2. Ⱦɨɛаɜɥение ɩереɦеннɵɯ ɤɨнɫɬрɭɤɰии

ɉɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɫɜɹɡɚɧɚ ɫ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɟɣ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ


ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɱɚɫɬɶɸ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ HFSS.

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Design Properties. Ⱥɥɶɬɟɪɧɚɬɢɜɧɨ, ɳɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ


ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ ɢɦɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ
Design Properties ɜ ɦɟɧɸ. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Properties (ɪɢɫ. 2.2).

Рɢɫ. 2.2. ɉɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ dlina ɢ lengh, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɧаɱаɥɶɧɵɟ


ɡɧаɱɟɧɢя 33 ɦɦ
2. ȼ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɟ Local Variables, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Add (ɪɢɫ. 2.2). ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Add Property (ɪɢɫ. 2.3).

3. ȼ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ Name, ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ. ɂɦɟɧɚ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ


ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɧɚɱɚɬɶɫɹ ɫ ɫɢɦɜɨɥɚ, ɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ ɛɭɤɜɟɧɧɨ-ɰɢɮɪɨɜɵɟ ɡɧɚɤɢ ɢ
ɩɨɞɱɟɪɤɢɜɚɧɢɹ (_). ɂɦɟɧɚ ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɯ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɣ ɢ ɡɚɪɚɧɟɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɣ
ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɨɣ pi () ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɤɚɤ ɢɦɟɧɚ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ.

Рɢɫ. 2.3. Дɨɛаɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɫ ɢɦɟɧɟɦ W_project, ɪаɜɧɨɣ


ɛɟɡɪаɡɦɟɪɧɨɣ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɟ 21

4. ȼ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ Value, ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɭ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɪɚɜɧɚ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ.


Кɚɤ ɩɪɚɜɢɥɨ, ɧɭɠɧɨ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɶ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ. ȼɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ
ɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɦ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟɦ, ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɦ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɟɦ ɢɥɢ ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɣ
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɟɣ. ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɥɢ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɪɚɧɟɟ, ɩɪɢ ɟɟ
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɢ (ɜ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɛɥɨɤɟ Value), ɧɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɣɬɟ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ, ɤɨɝɞɚ
ɜɜɨɞɢɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ.

5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK. ȼɵ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɚɟɬɟɫɶ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦɭ ɨɤɧɭ Properties. ɇɨɜɚɹ


ɩɟɪɟ-ɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɢ ɟɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɵ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ.

6. ȿɫɥɢ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ, ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɜ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ


Description (ɪɢɫ. 2.2).
Ɉɛɵɱɧɨ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɜɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɫɪɚɡɭ ɠɟ, ɟɫɥɢ ɜɦɟɫɬɨ
ɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɜɜɨɞɢɬɫɹ ɟɟ ɢɦɹ. Ɍɨɝɞɚ ɩɪɨɝɪɚɦɦɚ ɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɟɬ ɬɭɬ ɠɟ
ɜɧɟɫɬɢ ɬɟɤɭɳɟɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚ. Эɬɢ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɧɭɠɧɨ ɫɨɩɪɨɜɨɠɞɚɬɶ
ɟɞɢɧɢɰɚɦɢ.

2.3. Ɉɩреɞеɥение ɜɵраɠениɣ


ȼɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ - ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɨɛɵɱɧɨ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɬ
ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɟ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ, ɬɢɩɚ sin(x), ɢ ɚɪɢɮɦɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɵ, ɬɢɩɚ +, -, *, /,
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬ ɭɠɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ.
ɋɢɦɜɨɥ pi (), ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɟɞɢɧɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɣ ɩɪɟɞɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɚɧɬɨɣ. ȿɦɭ
ɧɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɩɟɪɟɧɚɡɧɚɱɟɧɨ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ.
Чɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɜɟɞɟɧɵ ɜ ɷɤɫɩɨɧɟɧɰɢɚɥɶɧɨɦ ɜɢɞɟ.
ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, 5 x 107 ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɜɟɞɟɧɨ ɤɚɤ 5e7.

2.3.1. Иɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜание ɨɩераɬɨрɨɜ ɞɥя ɜɵраɠениɣ

Ɉɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɵ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɜ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɯ,


ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɧɢɠɟ. ȼ ɬɚɛɥ. 2.1. ɩɨɤɚɡɚɧ ɫɩɢɫɨɤ ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɨɜ ɢ
ɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɩɪɢɨɪɢɬɟɬɚ ɷɬɢɯ ɨɩɟɪɚɬɨɪɨɜ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɩɪɢ
ɡɚɩɢɫɢ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɣ (ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɵ ɜ ɩɨɪɹɞɤɟ ɭɦɟɧɶɲɚɸɳɟɣɫɹ ɜɚɠɧɨɫɬɢ).

Таɛɥ. 2.1. Таɛɥɢɰа ɨɩɟɪаɬɨɪɨɜ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɯ ɜ HFSS Ansoft

Ɉɛɨɡɧаɱɟɧɢɟ Наɡɜаɧɢɟ Ваɠɧɨɫɬɶ


! Ɏɚɤɬɨɪɢɚɥ 1
- Ɇɢɧɭɫ 2

** ɋɬɟɩɟɧɶ 3

* ɍɦɧɨɠɟɧɢɟ 4

/ Ⱦɟɥɟɧɢɟ 5

% ɉɪɨɰɟɧɬɵ 6

+ ɋɭɦɦɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟ 7
- ȼɵɱɢɬɚɧɢɟ 8

<< ɋɞɜɢɝ ɜɥɟɜɨ 9


>> ɋɞɜɢɝ ɜɩɪɚɜɨ 10

== Ɋɚɜɧɨ 11
!= ɇɟ ɪɚɜɧɨ 12
> Ȼɨɥɶɲɟ ɱɟɦ 13
< Ɇɟɧɶɲɟ ɱɟɦ 14

>= Ȼɨɥɶɲɟ ɢɥɢ ɪɚɜɧɨ 15

<= Ɇɟɧɶɲɟ ɢɥɢ ɪɚɜɧɨ 16


& Ʌɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ «ɂ» 17
| Ʌɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ «ɂɥɢ» 18
^ Ʌɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɢɥɢ 19

~ 1-ɟ ɩɪɢɛɥɢɠɟɧɢɟ 20

2.4. Иɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜание ɜнɭɬренниɯ ɮɭнɤɰиɣ ɜ ɜɵраɠенияɯ

HFSS ɢɦɟɟɬ ɧɚɛɨɪ ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɯ ɬɪɢɝɨɧɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢ ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ


ɮɭɧɤɰɢɣ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɡɚɩɢɫɚɬɶ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɟ
ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ. ɇɚɡɜɚɧɢɹ ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ (ɪɢɫ. 2.4) ɡɚɪɟɡɟɪɜɢɪɨɜɚɧɵ, ɢ
ɨɧɢ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɢɦɟɧɚ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɟɥɹ.

Рɢɫ. 2.4. Вɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ ɜɨ ɜɫɟɯ ɩɪɨɟɤɬаɯ

ɋɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɟ ɜɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɟ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɡɚɞɚɬɶ


ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ:
Ɍɚɛɥ. 2.2. ȼɫɬɪɨɟɧɧɵɟ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ ɩɪɢ ɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɢ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɟɣ
abs Ⱥɛɫɨɥɸɬɧɚɹ abs(x)
ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ
sin ɫɢɧɭɫ sin(x)

cos ɤɨɫɢɧɭɫ cos(x)

tan ɬɚɧɝɟɧɫ tan(x)

asin ɚɪɤɬɚɧɝɟɧɫ asin(x)

acos ɚɪɤɤɨɫɢɧɭɫ acos(x)

atan ɚɪɤɬɚɧɝɟɧɫ (ɜ atan(x)


ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɟ ɨɬ 90ɞɨ
90)

atan2 ɚɪɤɬɚɧɝɟɧɫ (ɜ atan2(y,x)


ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɟ -180ɞɨ
180)

pow ȼɨɡɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ ɜ ɫɬɟɩɟɧɶ pow(x,y)=x y

sinh Ƚɢɩɟɪɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ sinh(x)


ɫɢɧɭɫ
cosh Ƚɢɩɟɪɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ cosh(x)
ɤɨɫɢɧɭɫ
tanh Ƚɢɩɟɪɛɨɥɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ tanh(x)
ɬɚɧɝɟɧɫ
if ȿɫɥɢ if(cond_exp,true_exp,
false_exp)

pwlx Кɭɫɨɱɧɨ-ɥɢɧɟɣɧɚɹ pwlx(variable, form_exp,


ɮɭɧɤɰɢɹ ɩɨ dataset_exp)
ɚɪɝɭɦɟɧɬɭ x
pwly Кɭɫɨɱɧɨ-ɥɢɧɟɣɧɚɹ pwly(variable, form_exp,
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɹ ɩɨ dataset_exp)
ɚɪɝɭɦɟɧɬɭ y
dset Ɉɩɢɫɚɧɢɟ ɛɚɡɵ dset((x 0 , y 0 ), (x 1 , y 1 ),
ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ... (x n , y n ))

sqrt Кɨɪɟɧɶ ɤɜɚɞɪɚɬɧɵɣ sqrt(x)

exp Эɤɫɩɨɧɟɧɬɚ exp (x)=e x

ln ɇɚɬɭɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ln(x)
ɥɨɝɚɪɢɮɦ
lg Ʌɨɝɚɪɢɮɦ ɩɨ lg(x)
ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɸ 2
log Ⱦɟɫɹɬɢɱɧɵɣ log(x)
ɥɨɝɚɪɢɮɦ
round Ɉɤɪɭɝɥɟɧɢɟ round(x)
(ɨɤɪɭɝɥɢɬɶ ɞɨ
ɛɥɢɠɚɣɲɟɝɨ ɱɢɫɥɚ)
floor Floor (ɨɤɪɭɝɥɟɧɢɟ floor(x)
ɜɧɢɡ)
ceil Ceiling (ɨɤɪɭɝɥɟɧɢɟ ceil(x).
ɜɜɟɪɯ)
deg Degrees deg(x)
(ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɨɬ
ɪɚɞɢɚɧ)
rad Radians rad(x)
(ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɨɬ
ɝɪɚɞɭɫɨɜ)
sign Ɂɧɚɤ sign(x)

rand ɋɥɭɱɚɣɧɨɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ rand(x)


(ɦɟɠɞɭ ɧɭɥɟɦ ɢ 1)

Ɂɚɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɜɫɟ ɬɪɢɝɨɧɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɸɬ ɚɪɝɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɜ


ɝɪɚɞɭɫɚɯ. ɋ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɵ, ɨɛɪɚɬɧɵɟ ɬɪɢɝɨɧɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ
ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɚɸɬ ɫɜɨɢ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜ ɝɪɚɞɭɫɚɯ. ȼ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɩɨɫɬɨɹɧɧɵɯ, ɜ
ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɬɚɤɠɟ ɜɯɨɞɢɬɶ ɤɨɧɫɬɚɧɬɵ, ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɟ
Constants (ɪɢɫ. 2.5).
Рɢɫ. 2.5. Кɨɧɫɬаɧɬɵ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɦɵɟ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ: ɩɨɫɬɨяɧɧая Ȼɨɥɶɰɦаɧа,
ɫɤɨɪɨɫɬɶ ɫɜɟɬа ɢ ɬ.ɞ.

Иɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜание ɮɭнɤɰии ɤɭɫɨчнɨ-ɥɨɦанɨɣ аɩɩрɨɤɫиɦаɰии ɜ


ɜɵраɠенияɯ

Ɏɭɧɤɰɢɹ ɤɭɫɨɱɧɨ-ɥɨɦɚɧɧɨɣ ɚɩɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɚɰɢɢ ɡɚɩɢɫɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ


ɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɦ:

pwlx (dataset_expression, variable),


pwly (dataset_expression, variable).

Ɏɭɧɤɰɢɹ pwlx ɢɧɬɟɪɩɨɥɢɪɭɟɬ ɧɚɛɨɪ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɜɞɨɥɶ ɨɫɢ x ɢ ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɚɟɬ


ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɭɸ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɭ y. Ɏɭɧɤɰɢɹ pwly ɢɧɬɟɪɩɨɥɢɪɭɟɬ ɜɞɨɥɶ ɨɫɢ y ɢ
ɜɨɡɜɪɚɳɚɟɬ ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɭɸ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɭ x.

Иɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜание ɜɵраɠениɣ ɜ ɜиɞе наɛɨрɨɜ ɞаннɵɯ

ɇɚɛɨɪ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɮɨɪɦɟ

dset ((x0, y0), ..., (xn, yn)).


Эɬɢ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɩɟɪɜɵɣ ɚɪɝɭɦɟɧɬ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɣ pwlx
ɢ pwly. ȼ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɜɬɨɪɨɣ ɚɪɝɭɦɟɧɬ
ɮɭɧɤɰɢɣ pwly ɢ pwlx.
ȼɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɧɚɛɨɪɚ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɸɬɫɹ ɢɡ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ
ɬɨɱɟɤ ɧɚ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɟ, ɫɨɡɞɚɧɧɨɦ ɜ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦ ɨɤɧɟ Datasets.
Кɚɠɞɵɣ ɝɪɚɮɢɤ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɢɡ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɩɪɹɦɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɜɟɪɲɢɧɵ ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ
ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɹɸɬ ɢɯ ɤɪɚɣɧɢɟ ɬɨɱɤɢ. Кɪɢɜɚɹ ɫɝɥɚɠɢɜɚɟɬ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɵ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɚ, ɢ
ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ ɩɨɥɭɱɚɟɬɫɹ ɢɡ ɤɪɢɜɨɣ ɬɚɤ, ɱɬɨ ɨɧɚ ɩɪɢɛɥɢɠɚɟɬɫɹ ɧɚɢɥɭɱɲɢɦ
ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ ɤ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɨɦɭ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɭ. ɋɨɡɞɚɧɧɨɟ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ ɡɚɬɟɦ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɤɭɫɨɱɧɨ-ɥɨɦɚɧɧɨɣ ɚɩɩɪɨɤɫɢɦɚɰɢɢ.

2.4. Ⱦɨɛаɜɥение наɛɨра ɞаннɵɯ

Ⱦɥɹ ɬɨɝɨ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɧɚɛɨɪ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Project, ɤɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ Datasets. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝ Datasets.


2. Кɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ Add. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ Add Dataset (ɪɢɫ. 2.6).
3. ɉɨ ɠɟɥɚɧɢɸ, ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɢɦɹ, ɨɬɥɢɱɧɨɟ ɨɬ ɢɦɟɧɢ ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ, ɞɥɹ
ɨɩɢɫɚɧɢɹ ɧɚɛɨɪɚ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ Name.

4. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ x- ɢ y-ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɞɥɹ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɢ, ɜ ɫɬɪɨɤɟ, ɨɬɦɟɱɟɧɧɨɣ 1.

5. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ x- ɢ y- ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɞɥɹ ɨɫɬɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɬɚɛɥɢɰɟ. ɉɨɫɥɟ


ɬɨɝɨ, ɤɚɤ ɜɜɟɥɢ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ, ɞɜɢɝɚɟɬɟɫɶ ɧɚ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɭɸ ɫɬɪɨɤɭ,
ɞɨɛɚɜɥɹɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɤ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɭ.

6. Кɨɝɞɚ ȼɵ ɡɚɤɨɧɱɢɥɢ ɜɜɨɞɢɬɶ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK. ɇɚɛɨɪ


ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɚ ɷɤɫɬɪɚɩɨɥɢɪɭɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɦɨɠɟɬ
ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɧɢɹɯ.
Рɢɫ. 2.6. Вɜɨɞ ɢ ɩɨɩɨɥɧɟɧɢɟ ɧаɛɨɪа ɞаɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɞɢаɥɨɝɟ Add Dataset

Чɬɨɛɵ иɡɦениɬɶ ɞаннɵе ɜ наɛɨре ɞаннɵɯ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Project, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Datasets. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Datasets.

2. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɢɦɹ ɧɚɛɨɪɚ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ


ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Edit. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Edit Dataset.

3. ɉɨ ɠɟɥɚɧɢɸ, ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɞɪɭɝɨɟ ɢɦɹ ɧɚɛɨɪɚ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɬɟɤɫɬɨɜɨɦ ɩɨɥɟ


Name.

4. ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɟɤ. Ƚɪɚɮɢɤ ɢɡɦɟɧɹɟɬɫɹ, ɨɬɪɚɠɚɹ ɧɨɜɵɟ


ɞɚɧɧɵɟ. Кɨɝɞɚ ɜɜɨɞ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬ ɬɨɱɟɤ ɞɚɧɧɵɯ ɡɚɤɨɧɱɟɧ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK.
2.6. Ɉɩреɞеɥение ɦаɬеɦаɬичеɫɤиɯ ɮɭнɤɰиɣ

Ɇɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɚɹ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɹ – ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ


ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ. Ɏɭɧɤɰɢɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ ɢ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɢ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ. ȼɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹ ɢ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ, ɨɩɢɫɚɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɪɚɡɞɟɥɚɯ 2.3 ɢ 2.4. ɦɨɝɭɬ
ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ ɫɨɛɫɬɜɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.
Ɂɚɪɚɧɟɟ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɵɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ X, Y, Z, Phi, Theta, ɢ R ɬɚɤɠɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ
ɛɵɬɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɵ ɜ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɹɯ. Ɂɞɟɫɶ X, Y, ɢ Z - ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɵɟ
ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ, Phi, Theta, ɢ R - ɫɮɟɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ. ȼɫɟ
ɬɪɢɝɨɧɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɟ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɢ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɚɪɝɭɦɟɧɬɵ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɝɪɚɞɭɫɚɯ,
ɬɚɤɠɟ ɤɚɤ ɪɚɫɫɱɢɬɚɧɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɨɛɪɚɬɧɵɯ ɬɪɢɝɨɧɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɮɭɧɤɰɢɣ.

2.7. Ɉɩиɫание ɩереɦеннɵɯ

Чɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɢɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪ ɤɚɤ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɭɸ ɜ HFSS (ɪɢɫ. 2.7), ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ


ɢɦɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɢɥɢ ɦɚɬɟɦɚɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɜɵɪɚɠɟɧɢɟ ɜɦɟɫɬɨ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɚ
ɜ ɩɨɥɟ Value. ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɜɜɟɥɢ ɢɦɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɟɳɟ ɧɟ ɛɵɥɨ
ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɨ, ɩɨɹɜɢɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Add Variable to DesignName,
ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɹ ɡɚɞɚɬɶ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɭɸ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ.
Рɢɫ. 2.7.ɉɥаɧаɪɧая аɧɬɟɧɧа, ɨɞɢɧ ɢɡ ɩаɪаɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ
ɨɩɢɫɵɜаɟɬɫя ɤаɤ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧая

ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɥɢ ɢɦɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɩɪɟɮɢɤɫ $, ɧɨ ɨɧɚ


ɧɟ ɛɵɥɚ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɚ ɤɚɤ ɰɢɮɪɚ, ɩɨɹɜɢɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Add Variable to
Project, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɹ ɡɚɞɚɬɶ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɭɸ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ (ɪɢɫ. 2.8).

Рɢɫ. 2.8. ɉɨяɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɨɤɧа Add Variable to Project ɩɪɢ ɜɜɟɞɟɧɢɢ ɢɦɟɧɢ $dlina_2

Ⱦɥɹ ɬɨɝɨ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ ɛɵɥɚ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɚ, ɬ.ɟ. ɧɚɣɞɟɧɨ


ɨɩɬɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɷɬɨɣ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ, ȼɵ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɡɚɞɚɬɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ
ɟɟ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɜ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦ ɨɤɧɟ Properties (ɪɢɫ. 2.9).

1. ȿɫɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ - ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɫɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɟ: ȼ ɦɟɧɸ


HFSS, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Design Properties. ȿɫɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ - ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬа, ɜ
ɦɟɧɸ Project, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Project Variables. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ
Properties.

2. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɭ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɦɨɠɧɨ


ɜɵɛɪɚɬɶ ɜ ɤɚɱɟɫɬɜɟ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɢɪɭɟɦɵɯ.

3. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɫɬɪɨɤɭ, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɭɸ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɭɸ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ


ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ($dlina_2 ɧɚ ɪɢɫ. 2.9).
4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɨɩɰɢɸ Optimization.

Рɢɫ. 2.9. Вɤɥɸɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ $dlina_2 ɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡаɰɢɢ ɩɪɨɟɤɬа

5. Ⱦɥɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ɜɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɶ ɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ,


ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Include. ȼɵɛɪɚɧɧɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɬɟɩɟɪɶ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɚ ɞɥɹ
ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ, ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɜ ɞɚɧɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɢɥɢ ɜɫɟɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ.

6. ȿɫɥɢ ɧɭɠɧɨ, ɨɬɦɟɧɢɬɟ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɢ


ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ Optimetrics ɛɭɞɟɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɞɥɹ
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɩɪɢ ɤɚɠɞɨɦ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɟ ɜ ɩɪɨɰɟɫɫɟ ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ. ȼɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ
ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ, HFSS ɧɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɬɶ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɵ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ
ɥɟɠɚɬ ɜɧɟ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɚ.

2.8. ȼɤɥючение ɩереɦеннɨɣ ɜ анаɥиɡ чɭɜɫɬɜиɬеɥɶнɨɫɬи

ɉɪɟɠɞɟ, ɱɟɦ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɚ ɜ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ


ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ, ȼɵ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɶ, ɱɬɨ ɧɚɦɟɪɟɜɚɟɬɟɫɶ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ
ɟɟ ɜɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦ ɨɤɧɟ Properties (ɪɢɫ.
2.10).

1. ȿɫɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ - ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɜ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Design


Properties. ɉɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɭɸ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɧɚɡɧɚɱɢɬɶ ɧɚ ɩɨɱɬɢ ɥɸɛɨɣ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪ
ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɢɦɟɸɳɢɣ ɱɢɫɥɟɧɧɨɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɜ HFSS.
2. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɭ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ.

3. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɥɢɧɢɸ, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɭɸ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɭɸ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɶ


ɜ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ.

4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɨɩɰɢɸ Sensitivity.

Рɢɫ. 2.10. Вɧɟɫɟɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɜ аɧаɥɢɡ ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ

5. Ⱦɥɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɶ ɜ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ,


ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Include. ȼɵɛɪɚɧɧɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɬɟɩɟɪɶ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɚ ɞɥɹ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ
ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ ɜ ɞɚɧɧɨɦ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɟ ɢɥɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ.

6. ȿɫɥɢ ɧɭɠɧɨ, ɨɬɦɟɧɢɬɟ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ ɦɢɧɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɢ


ɦɚɤɫɢɦɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɹ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɭɬɢɥɢɬɚ Ɉɩɬɢɦɟɬɪɢɤ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ
ɞɥɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɜ ɤɚɠɞɨɦ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɟ ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ. ȼɨ ɜɪɟɦɹ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ
ɱɭɜɫɬɜɢɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɢ Ɉɩɬɢɦɟɬɪɢɤ ɧɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɪɚɫɫɦɚɬɪɢɜɚɬɶ ɜɟɥɢɱɢɧɵ, ɥɟɠɚɳɢɟ
ɜɧɟ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɞɢɚɩɚɡɨɧɚ.
2.9. ȼɵɛɨр ɩереɦеннɨɣ ɞɥя ɩɨɞɫɬрɨɣɤи

ɉɪɟɠɞɟ, ɱɟɦ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɩɨɞɫɬɪɨɟɧɚ, ȼɵ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɶ,


ɱɬɨ ȼɵ ɧɚɦɟɪɟɜɚɟɬɟɫɶ ɜɜɟɫɬɢ ɟɟ ɞɥɹ ɧɚɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ ɜ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Properties
(ɪɢɫ. 2.11).

1. ȿɫɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ - ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɜ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ


Design Properties. ȿɫɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ - ɩɪɨɟɤɬɧɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ, ɜ ɦɟɧɸ Project,
ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Project Variables. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Properties.

Рɢɫ. 2.11. ɋɜɨɣɫɬɜа ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɩɪɨɟɤɬа ɜ ɪɟɠɢɦɟ ɩɨɞɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ

2. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɭ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɹɟɬ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ.

3. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɫɬɪɨɤɭ, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɭɸ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɩɨɞɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɬɶɫɹ.

4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɨɩɰɢɸ ɩɨɞɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ Tuning.

5. Ⱦɥɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɩɨɞɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɬɶ, ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Include.


ȼɵɛɪɚɧɧɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɬɟɩɟɪɶ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɚ ɞɥɹ ɩɨɞɫɬɪɚɢɜɚɧɢɹ.

Ɂɚɜɢɫɢɦɵɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɵ ɜ ɪɟɠɢɦ ɩɨɞɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ.


2.10. ȼɤɥючение ɩереɦеннɨɣ ɜ ɫɬаɬиɫɬичеɫɤиɣ анаɥиɡ

ɉɪɟɠɞɟ, ɱɟɦ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɚ ɜ ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ,


ȼɵ ɞɨɥɠɧɵ ɡɚɞɚɬɶ ɟɟ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɜ ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɜ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦ
ɨɤɧɟ Properties (ɪɢɫ. 2.12).

Рɢɫ. 2.12. ɉɪɨɟɤɬɧɵɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɜ ɪɟɠɢɦɟ ɫɬаɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ аɧаɥɢɡа

1. ȿɫɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ - ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɬɨ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ


Design Properties.
ȿɫɥɢ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ - ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɬɨ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ Project, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Project
Variables. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Properties.

2. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɡɚɤɥɚɞɤɭ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɩɟɪɟɱɢɫɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ȼɵ


ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɶ ɜ ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ.

3. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɫɬɪɨɤɭ, ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɳɭɸ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɭɸ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɶ


ɜ ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ.

4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɨɩɰɢɸ Statistical.


5. Ⱦɥɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ, ɤɨɬɨɪɭɸ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɜɤɥɸɱɢɬɶ ɜ ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ,
ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Include. ȼɵɛɪɚɧɧɚɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɚɹ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɬɟɩɟɪɶ ɞɨɫɬɭɩɧɚ ɞɥɹ
ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ.

6. ɍɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɤɪɢɬɟɪɢɢ ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɝɨ ɪɚɫɩɪɟɞɟɥɟɧɢɹ (Tolerance), ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ


Ɉɩɬɢɦɟɬɪɢɤ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɞɥɹ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɨɣ ɜ ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɟ.
Ɂɚɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɵɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɧɟ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɜɤɥɸɱɟɧɵ ɜ
ɫɬɚɬɢɫɬɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɚɥɢɡ.

ȼ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɝɥɚɜɚɯ ɦɵ ɧɟɨɞɧɨɤɪɚɬɧɨ ɛɭɞɟɦ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ ɜ


ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚɯ. ɉɪɢɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɯ ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɨ ɩɨɦɨɝɚɟɬ ɩɪɢ ɩɪɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɢ
ɩɨɞɫɬɪɨɣɤɢ, ɨɩɬɢɦɢɡɚɰɢɢ ɢ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɨɦ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɟ, ɩɪɢ ɜɵɜɨɞɟ ɝɪɚɮɢɤɨɜ
ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪɢɫɬɢɤ, ɡɚɜɢɫɹɳɢɯ ɨɬ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɢ, ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜ ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɚ, ɢ ɛɨɥɟɟ ɫɥɨɠɧɵɯ
ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɨɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.
Гɥаɜа 3

Черчение ɤɨнɫɬрɭɤɰии ɋȼЧ ɭɫɬрɨɣɫɬɜа


Ɉɛɳɚɹ ɫɬɪɚɬɟɝɢɹ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɜ ɬɨɦ, ɱɬɨɛɵ
ɫɮɨɪɦɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ ɤɚɤ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɟɧɢɟ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ (ɪɢɫ. 3.1).
Кɚɠɞɵɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ ɡɚɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɨ ɫɜɨɢɦɢ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚɦɢ: ɦɚɬɟɪɢɚɥɨɦ, ɩɨɬɟɪɹɦɢ ɢ
ɨɛɪɚɛɚɬɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɨ. Ɇɨɞɟɥɶ ɦɨɠɟɬ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ, ɧɚ
ɤɨɬɨɪɵɯ ɛɭɞɭɬ ɡɚɞɚɧɵ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ.
Ɍɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ
ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ, ɚ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɧɚɱɟɪɬɢɬɶ ɨɞɧɨɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɢ ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ,
ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɦɚɧɢɩɭɥɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɢɦɢ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ. Ɉɛɴɟɤɬɵ
ɱɟɪɬɹɬɫɹ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler.

Рɢɫ. 3.1. Рɟаɥɶɧая ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢя ɢ ɧаɱɟɪɱɟɧɧая ɦɨɞɟɥɶ аɧɬɟɧɧɵ. Мɨɞɟɥɶ


ɨɬɥɢɱаɟɬɫя ɨɬ ɪɟаɥɶɧɨɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ ɜ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɭ ɭɩɪɨщɟɧɢя, ɬаɤ, ɜɦɟɫɬɨ
ɨɛɴɟɦɧɵɯ ɱаɫɬɟɣ ɜ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ ɡаɞаɧɵ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɝɪаɧɢɱɧɵɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢя ɧа
ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬяɯ

ɉɟɪɜɵɣ ɲɚɝ ɜ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɢ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɫɨɫɬɨɢɬ ɜ ɩɪɢɛɚɜɥɟɧɢɢ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ


(ɞɢɡɚɣɧɚ) ɜ ɪɚɛɨɱɢɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ. Чɬɨɛɵ ɜɫɬɚɜɢɬɶ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸ ɜ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ, ɜ ɦɟɧɸ
Project ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Insert HFSS Design. ɇɨɜɚɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ, ɤɚɤ ɱɚɫɬɶ ɨɛɳɟɝɨ
ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɩɚɩɤɢ. Ɉɧɚ ɧɚɡɵɜɚɟɬɫɹ HFSS
Design_N ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ, ɝɞɟ N - ɩɨɪɹɞɨɤ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɦ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɹ ɛɵɥɚ
ɞɨɛɚɜɥɟɧɚ ɤ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɭ.
ɋɩɪɚɜɚ ɨɬ ɞɟɪɟɜɚ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ 3D Modeler. Ɍɟɩɟɪɶ ɜɵ
ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɸ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ (ɪɢɫ. 3.2).

Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɡɧɚɤ "ɩɥɸɫ" ɫɥɟɜɚ ɨɬ ɡɧɚɱɤɚ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɱɬɨɛɵ


ɪɚɡɜɟɪɧɭɬɶ ɞɟɪɟɜɨ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɢ ɜɵ ɭɜɢɞɢɬɟ ɤɨɧɤɪɟɬɧɵɟ ɞɚɧɧɵɟ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ, ɟɟ
ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɟ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹ, ɢɫɬɨɱɧɢɤɢ ɜɨɡɛɭɠɞɟɧɢɹ, ɱɚɫɬɨɬɵ ɚɧɚɥɢɡɚ ɢ ɞɪ.

Чɬɨɛɵ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɶ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ 3D Modeler, ɦɨɠɧɨ:


• Ⱦɨɛɚɜɢɬɶ ɧɨɜɭɸ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɸ HFSS ɜ ɬɟɤɭɳɢɣ ɩɪɨɟɤɬ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ Project ->
Insert Design HFSS.
• ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɬɶ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Insert Design HFSS ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ.

ȿɫɥɢ ɨɤɧɨ 3D Modeler ɧɟ ɨɬɤɪɵɬɨ, ɫɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ ɨɞɧɨ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ:


• ȼ ɦɟɧɸ HFSS, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ 3D Model Editor.
• Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ ɢɦɹ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɩɪɨɟɤɬɚ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ
ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ 3D Model Editor ɜ ɦɟɧɸ.

Рɢɫ. 3.2. ɐɢɥɢɧɞɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɪɟɡɨɧаɬɨɪ, ɧаɱɟɪɱɟɧɧɵɣ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ 3D Modeler


ɩɪɨɝɪаɦɦɵ HFSS
Ɉɞɧɨ, ɞɜɭɯ ɢ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɱɟɪɬɹɬɫɹ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ
Draw. Ɉɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɨ, ɚ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɨɛɴɟɞɢɧɹɬɶ ɢɥɢ
ɢɫɤɥɸɱɚɬɶ ɢɯ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɸ ɫɥɨɠɧɨɣ ɫɬɪɭɤɬɭɪɵ (ɪɢɫ. 3.2).
Ɉɞɧɨɦɟɪɧɵɟ (1D)ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɜ HFSS - ɷɬɨ ɩɪɹɦɚɹ ɥɢɧɢɹ, ɞɭɝɚ, ɫɩɥɚɣɧ-ɥɢɧɢɹ
ɢɥɢ ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɹ ɨɬɪɟɡɤɨɜ ɥɢɧɢɣ. Ɉɞɧɨɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ
ɪɚɡɨɦɤɧɭɬɵɦɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ; ɢɯ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ ɧɟ ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬɵ, ɞɚɠɟ ɟɫɥɢ ɜɵ ɫɨɟɞɢɧɹɟɬɟ
ɢɯ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɵɟ ɬɨɱɤɢ. Ɉɧɢ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɞɥɢɧɭ, ɧɨ ɧɟ ɢɦɟɸɬ ɩɥɨɳɚɞɶ ɢ ɨɛɴɟɦ. ȼ
ɨɛɳɟɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɨɧɢ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ ɞɥɹ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ 2D
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ.
Дɜɭɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ (2D) ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɜɤɥɸɱɚɸɬ ɬɚɤɢɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ, ɤɚɤ
ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɢ, ɷɥɥɢɩɫɵ, ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɢ ɦɧɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɢ. Ⱦɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɟ
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɹɜɥɹɸɬɫɹ ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬɵɦɢ ɩɥɨɫɤɢɦɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ; ɢɯ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ ɡɚɦɵɤɚɸɬ
ɩɥɨɫɤɭɸ ɨɛɥɚɫɬɶ. ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ 2D ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ, ɩɨɤɪɵɜɚɹ ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬɭɸ
ɨɛɥɚɫɬɶ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ Cover Lines.
Тɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ (3D) ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ - ɷɬɨ ɛɨɤɫɵ, ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɵ, ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɟ
ɦɧɨɝɨɝɪɚɧɧɢɤɢ, ɤɨɧɭɫɵ, ɫɮɟɪɵ, ɬɨɪɵ ɢ ɫɩɢɪɚɥɢ. Эɬɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɢɦɟɸɬ
ɨɛɴɟɦɧɵɟ ɝɪɚɧɢɰɵ. ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɬɶ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ, ɦɚɧɢɩɭɥɢɪɭɹ
ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɦɢ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚɦɢ, ɪɚɫɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɧɵɦɢ ɜ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɹɯ ɢɥɢ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ ɜ ɦɟɧɸ Draw.
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɬɨɝɨ, ɤɚɤ ȼɵ ɧɚɱɟɪɬɢɬɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler, ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ
ɢɡɦɟɧɹɬɶ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ: ɟɝɨ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɟ, ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɢɥɢ ɰɜɟɬ ɜ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦ
ɨɤɧɟ Properties. ɉɪɢ ɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɭɞɨɛɧɨ ɜɵɞɟɥɹɬɶ ɨɬɞɟɥɶɧɵɟ
ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɵ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɞɟɪɟɜɨ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ (ɪɢɫ. 3.3). ɉɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ
ɷɬɢɯ ɤɨɦɩɨɧɟɧɬɨɜ, ɬɚɤɢɯ ɤɚɤ ɨɬɪɟɡɤɢ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɟɤ, ɦɨɝɭɬ ɛɵɬɶ
ɡɚɞɚɧɵ ɤɚɤ ɩɟɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɟ.
Рɢɫ. 3.3. Дɟɪɟɜɨ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ ɩɨɤаɡɵɜаɟɬ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜаɬɟɥɶɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɨɡɞаɧɢя
ɨɛɴɟɤɬа cavity ɫ ɩɨɦɨщɶɸ ɜɵɱɢɬаɧɢя ɢɡ ɩɟɪɜɨɧаɱаɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪа Cylinder1

Уɫɬанɨɜɤа еɞиниɰ иɡɦерения ɦɨɞеɥи

ȿɞɢɧɢɰɵ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ ɝɟɨɦɟɬɪɢɱɟɫɤɢɯ ɦɨɞɟɥɟɣ ɥɭɱɲɟ ɡɚɞɚɬɶ ɟɞɢɧɵɟ ɞɥɹ


ɜɫɟɣ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ. ɉɨɫɥɟ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɰɢɢ, ɦɨɠɧɨ ɨɬɨɛɪɚɠɚɬɶ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ
ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɜ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɚɯ, ɢɥɢ ɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɜ ɧɨɜɵɯ
ɟɞɢɧɢɰɚɯ. Чɬɨɛɵ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɶ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ 3D Modeler, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Units. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Set


Model Units.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ ɞɥɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ ɢɡ ɨɩɭɫɤɚɸɳɟɝɨɫɹ ɫɩɢɫɤɚ.

3. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɫɩɨɫɨɛ, ɤɚɤ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɟ ɟɞɢɧɢɰ ɞɟɣɫɬɜɭɟɬ ɧɚ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ:


• ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Rescale to new units , ɱɬɨɛɵ ɩɨɜɬɨɪɧɨ ɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɤ
ɧɨɜɵɦ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɚɦ. ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɫɚɧɬɢɦɟɬɪɵ (cm), ɤɚɤ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ
ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ, ɪɚɡɦɟɪ 10 ɦɦ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ 10 cɦ.
• ɋɧɹɬɢɟ ɪɟɠɢɦɚ Rescale to new units (ɡɧɚɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ) ɩɪɟɨɛɪɚɡɭɟɬ
ɪɚɡɦɟɪɵ ɤ ɧɨɜɵɦ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɚɦ ɛɟɡ ɢɡɦɟɧɟɧɢɹ ɢɯ ɦɚɫɲɬɚɛɚ. ɇɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ, ɜɵɛɨɪ cm
ɤɚɤ ɧɨɜɨɣ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ ɢɡɦɟɪɟɧɢɹ, ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɬɨɦɭ, ɱɬɨ ɪɚɡɦɟɪ 10 ɦɦ ɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɫɹ
1 cɦ.
4. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɩɪɢɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɧɨɜɵɟ ɟɞɢɧɢɰɵ ɤ ɦɨɞɟɥɢ.

3.1.1. Черчение ɫеɝɦенɬа ɩряɦɨɣ ɥинии

Чɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ ɫ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɥɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɦ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ


ɩɪɹɦɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɚ Draw>Line.

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Line.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɩɟɪɜɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɥɢɛɨ ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɥɢɛɨ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɟɟ


ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z ɜ ɧɢɠɧɢɯ ɨɤɧɚɯ ɢɧɬɟɪɮɟɣɫɚ HFSS. Чɬɨɛɵ
ɭɞɚɥɢɬɶ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɛɵɥɚ ɜɜɟɞɟɧɚ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Undo Previous Segment ɜ
ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ.

3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɟɟ


ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z. Кɨɧɟɱɧɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ ɫɥɭɠɢɬ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɞɥɹ
ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ ɥɢɧɢɢ.
Чɬɨɛɵ ɭɞɚɥɢɬɶ ɜɫɟ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɢ ɧɚɱɚɬɶ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɧɨɜɚ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɥɚɜɢɲɭ ESC
ɢɥɢ ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Escape Draw Mode ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ.

4. Ɂɚɜɟɪɲɢɬɶ ɥɢɧɢɸ ɦɨɠɧɨ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɨɜ:

• Ⱦɜɚɠɞɵ ɳɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ.


• Кɥɢɤɧɢɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Done ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ.
• ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ Enter.
Рɢɫ. 3.4. Чɟɪɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬа ɩɪяɦɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɢ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜа ɷɬɨɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬа

ɉɨɫɥɟ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɨɬɪɟɡɤɚ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ Properties (ɪɢɫ. 3.4),


ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɹ ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɟɟ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ.

5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

3.1.2. Черчение ɞɭɝи ɩɨ ɬреɦ ɬɨчɤаɦ

ȼ HFSS, ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬ ɞɭɝɢ ɩɨ ɬɪɟɦ ɬɨɱɤɚɦ ɫɨɡɞɚɟɬɫɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ Draw>Arc>3


Point, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ ɥɨɦɚɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɫ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɥɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɦ
ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɞɭɝɢ.

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɭɤɚɠɢɬɟ Arc, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ 3 Point.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɞɭɝɢ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ


ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ X, Y, ɢ Z.
3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɫɪɟɞɧɸɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɞɭɝɢ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ
ɩɨɥɹ X, Y, ɢ Z (ɪɢɫ. 3.5).
Чɬɨɛɵ ɭɞɚɥɢɬɶ ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɸɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɤɨɬɨɪɚɹ ɛɵɥɚ ɜɜɟɞɟɧɚ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ
Undo Previous Segment ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ.
Чɬɨɛɵ ɭɞɚɥɢɬɶ ɜɫɟ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɢ ɧɚɱɚɬɶ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɧɨɜɚ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ESC ɢɥɢ
ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Escape Draw Mode ɜ ɦɟɧɸ.

4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɞɭɝɢ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ


ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, Z.
Кɨɧɟɱɧɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ ɫɥɭɠɢɬ ɤɚɤ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ ɞɥɹ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ
ɞɭɝɢ.

Рɢɫ. 3.5. Чɟɪɱɟɧɢɟ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬа ɞɭɝɢ

5. ȿɫɥɢ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ – ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɹɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɥɨɦɚɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɫɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ


ɞɜɨɣɧɨɣ ɳɟɥɱɨɤ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɢɬɶ ɥɨɦɚɧɭɸ ɥɢɧɢɸ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Done ɜ
ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ.
ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ Properties (ɪɢɫ. 3.5), ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɹ ɦɨɞɢɮɢɰɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɚɬɪɢɛɭɬɵ
ɞɭɝɢ.

6. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

ɇɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɢ ɷɬɢɯ ɬɪɟɯ ɬɨɱɟɤ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ȼɵ ɜɜɟɥɢ, HFSS ɜɵɱɢɫɥɹɟɬ ɰɟɧɬɪ


ɢ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɞɭɝɢ ɢ ɱɟɪɬɢɬ ɢɫɤɪɢɜɥɟɧɧɭɸ ɥɢɧɢɸ ɱɟɪɟɡ ɬɪɢ ɬɨɱɤɢ.
ɉɪɢ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɢ ɥɨɦɚɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɫɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɞɭɝɨɣ,
ɩɪɹɦɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɟɣ, ɢɥɢ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɫɩɥɚɣɧɚ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Set Edge Type ɜ
ɦɟɧɸ, ɤɨɬɨɪɨɟ ɩɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɧɚɠɚɬɢɹ ɧɚ ɩɪɚɜɭɸ ɤɧɨɩɤɭ ɦɵɲɢ.

3.1.3. Черчение ɞɭɝи ɫ ɰенɬрɨɦ

Ⱦɭɝɚ – ɷɬɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ, ɡɚɞɚɧɧɵɣ ɰɟɧɬɪɨɦ, ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɨɣ ɢ


ɭɝɥɨɦ. ɂɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Draw>Arc>Center Point, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ
ɥɨɦɚɧɭɸ ɥɢɧɢɸ ɫ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɥɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɦ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɞɭɝɢ
ɰɟɧɬɪɚ.

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw ɭɤɚɠɢɬɟ Arc, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Center point (ɪɢɫ. 3.6).

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɞɭɝɢ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ


ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.

3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɢɥɢ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɞɭɝɢ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ
ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.

Рɢɫ. 3.6. Ɉɬɪɟɡɨɤ ɞɭɝɢ, ɧаɱɟɪɱɟɧɧɵɣ ɜ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ xy

4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɭɝɨɥ, ɢɥɢ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɞɭɝɢ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ
ɤɨɨɪɞɢ-ɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.

5. ȿɫɥɢ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ – ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɹɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɥɨɦɚɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ɫɞɟɥɚɣɬɟ


ɞɜɨɣɧɨɣ ɳɟɥɱɨɤ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɡɚɜɟɪɲɢɬɶ ɥɨɦɚɧɭɸ ɥɢɧɢɸ ɢɥɢ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Done ɜ
ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Properties, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɹ
ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɚɬɪɢɛɭɬɵ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ.

6. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

3.1.4. Черчение ɫɩɥаɣна

ɋɩɥɚɣɧ - ɤɪɢɜɚɹ, ɡɚɞɚɜɚɟɦɚɹ ɩɨ ɬɪɟɦ ɬɨɱɤɚɦ. HFSS ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬ ɫɩɥɚɣɧ


ɛɟɤɚɪɚ, ɤɭɫɨɱɧɵɣ ɤɭɛɢɱɟɫɤɢɣ ɫɩɥɚɣɧ ɫ ɝɪɚɧɢɱɧɵɦɢ ɭɫɥɨɜɢɹɦɢ ɧɚ ɤɨɧɰɚɯ, ɜ
ɜɢɞɟ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɞɧɨɣ, ɪɚɜɧɨɣ ɧɭɥɸ. Кɨɦɚɧɞɚ Draw>Spline ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɟɬɫɹ, ɱɬɨɛɵ
ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɢɫɤɪɢɜɥɟɧɧɭɸ ɥɢɧɢɸ ɫ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɥɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɦ ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ
ɫɩɥɚɣɧɚ.

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Spline.


2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɫɩɥɚɣɧɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɟɟ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ
ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z. Ɂɚɬɟɦ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Enter.

3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɫɪɟɞɧɸɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɫɩɥɚɣɧɚ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɟɟ


ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.

4. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɫɩɥɚɣɧɚ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɟɟ


ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z (ɪɢɫ. 3.7)

Рɢɫ. 3.7. ɋɩɥаɣɧ, ɫɨɡɞаɧɧɵɣ ɫɝɥаɠɢɜаɧɢɟɦ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɱɟɪɟɡ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɬɨɱɟɤ

Ɉɬɦɟɬɢɦ, ɱɬɨ ɩɪɢ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɢ ɫɥɨɠɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ, ȼɵ ɦɨɠɟɬɟ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɚɬɶɫɹ


ɦɟɠɞɭ ɨɬɪɟɡɤɨɦ ɞɭɝɢ, ɩɪɹɦɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɟɣ ɢ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɦ ɫɩɥɚɣɧɚ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɹ
ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Set Edge Type ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ.

Кɨɧɟɱɧɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ ɫɥɭɠɢɬ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɨɣ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ ɫɩɥɚɣɧɚ.


5. Ɂɚɜɟɪɲɢɬɶ ɫɩɥɚɣɧ ɦɨɠɧɨ, ɥɢɛɨ ɞɜɚɠɞɵ ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɥɢɛɨ
ɤɨɦɚɧɞɨɣ Done ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ, ɥɢɛɨ ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ Enter. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Properties, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɹ ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɚɬɪɢɛɭɬɵ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ (ɪɢɫ. 3.7).

3.1.5. Черчение ɦнɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶниɤа

Ɇɧɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤ, ɫɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɤɚɤ ɥɨɦɚɧɚɹ ɥɢɧɢɹ – ɷɬɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ


ɜɤɥɸɱɚɟɬ ɥɸɛɭɸ ɤɨɦɛɢɧɚɰɢɸ ɩɪɹɦɵɯ, ɞɭɝ, ɢɥɢ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɫɩɥɚɣɧɚ (ɪɢɫ.
3.8). ɉɪɢɱɟɦ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ ɨɞɧɨɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ ɫɥɭɠɢɬ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɨɣ
ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ. Чɬɨɛɵ ɩɟɪɟɤɥɸɱɢɬɶɫɹ ɦɟɠɞɭ ɩɪɹɦɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɟɣ, ɞɭɝɨɣ, ɢɥɢ
ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚɦɢ ɫɩɥɚɣɧɚ, ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɭɣɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɵ Set Edge Type ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ
ɦɟɧɸ. Ⱦɥɹ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɦɧɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɚ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Line.

2. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɨɣ ɤɧɨɩɤɨɣ ɦɵɲɢ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɨɛɪɚɬɢɬɶɫɹ ɤ


ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦɭ ɦɟɧɸ, ɢ ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ Set Edge Type.

3. ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ Straight, Spline, 3 Point Arc, ɢɥɢ Center Point Arc ɜ ɡɚɜɢɫɢɦɨɫɬɢ
ɨɬ ɬɨɝɨ, ɤɚɤɨɣ ɬɢɩ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ ɥɨɦɚɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ ɧɚɱɟɪɬɢɬɶ.

Рɢɫ. 3.8. ɋɨɡɞаɧɢɟ ɦɧɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤа ɫ ɩɨɦɨщɶɸ ɧɟɫɤɨɥɶɤɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ


4. ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɧɚɠɚɥɢ Straight, ɫɥɟɞɭɣɬɟ ɡɚ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɨɣ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɩɪɹɦɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ:
ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɩɪɚɜɭɸ ɤɧɨɩɤɭ ɦɵɲɢ ɢ ɭɫɬɚɧɨɜɢɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Set Reference Point.
ɉɨɫɥɟ ɷɬɨɝɨ ɜɜɟɞɢɬɟ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ x, y, z ɢ ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɧɚ Enter.

ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɧɚɠɚɥɢ Spline, ɫɥɟɞɭɣɬɟ ɡɚ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɨɣ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɩɥɚɣɧɚ.


ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɧɚɠɚɥɢ 3 Point Arc, ɫɥɟɞɭɣɬɟ ɡɚ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɨɣ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɞɭɝɢ ɩɨ ɬɪɟɦ
ɬɨɱɤɚɦ.
ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɧɚɠɚɥɢ Center Point Arc, ɫɥɟɞɭɣɬɟ ɡɚ ɩɪɨɰɟɞɭɪɨɣ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ
ɥɢɧɢɢ ɞɭɝɢ ɫ ɢɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ.

5. ɉɨɜɬɨɪɢɬɟ ɲɚɝɢ 2 ɢ 3 ɞɥɹ ɤɚɠɞɨɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɥɨɦɚɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ.


Кɨɧɟɱɧɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɚ ɩɪɟɞɵɞɭɳɟɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ ɫɥɭɠɢɬ ɧɚɱɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɨɣ
ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɟɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ.

6. Ɂɚɜɟɪɲɢɬɶ ɥɨɦɚɧɭɸ ɥɢɧɢɸ ɦɨɠɧɨ, ɞɜɚɠɞɵ ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ


ɩɨɫɥɟɞɧɟɝɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɚ, ɥɢɛɨ ɳɟɥɤɧɭɜ Done ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ (ɪɢɫ. 3.8).

Чɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɟɞɢɧɢɬɶ ɧɚɱɚɥɨ ɥɨɦɚɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ ɢ ɤɨɧɟɱɧɭɸ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Close


Polyline ɜ ɜɵɩɥɵɜɚɸɳɟɦ ɦɟɧɸ. Чɚɫɬɨ ɦɧɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɢ ɱɟɪɬɹɬɫɹ ɢɡ ɨɬɪɟɡɤɨɜ
ɥɢɧɢɣ. ȼ ɷɬɨɦ ɫɥɭɱɚɟ ɭɞɨɛɧɨ ɧɚɱɟɪɬɢɬɶ ɟɝɨ, ɩɨɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɢ,
ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɢɟ ɜɟɪɲɢɧɚɦ, ɚ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɡɚɦɵɤɚɧɢɹ ɦɧɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɚ,
ɨɬɪɟɞɚɤɬɢɪɨɜɚɬɶ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜɟɪɲɢɧ ɜ ɞɟɪɟɜɟ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɢ.

3.1.6. Черчение ɤрɭɝа

Кɪɭɝ ɱɟɪɬɢɬɫɹ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɢ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ. Кɪɭɝɢ ɱɟɪɬɹɬɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ


ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Circle.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɤɪɭɝɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɥɢɛɨ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɜ


ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.

3. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɧɚ ɩɟɪɢɦɟɬɪɟ ɤɪɭɝɚ, ɥɢɛɨ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ


ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX, dY, ɢ dZ, ɝɞɟ d -
ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɝɨ ɬɨɱɤɢ. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ
Properties, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɹ ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɤɪɭɝɚ.

4. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.
ȿɫɥɢ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler Options ɜɵɛɪɚɧɚ ɨɩɰɢɹ Automatically cover closed
polyline, ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɩɪɟɜɪɚɳɟɧɚ ɜ ɩɥɨɫɤɢɣ ɤɪɭɝ, ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɹ ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɣ
ɥɢɫɬɨɜɨɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ. ɂɧɚɱɟ ɨɧɚ ɨɫɬɚɧɟɬɫɹ ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬɵɦ 1D ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɦ.

3.1.7. Черчение ɷɥɥиɩɫа

Эɥɥɢɩɫ ɱɟɪɬɢɬɫɹ, ɡɚɞɚɜɚɹ ɟɝɨ ɰɟɧɬɪ, ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ, ɢ


ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɜɬɨɪɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ (ɪɢɫ. 3.9).

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Ellipse.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɷɥɥɢɩɫɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɥɢɛɨ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ


ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.

3. Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɷɥɥɢɩɫɚ. ȿɫɥɢ ɬɟɤɭɳɚɹ


ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɶ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ xy, ɬɨ x - ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ.
ȿɫɥɢ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɶ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ yz, ɬɨ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ
ɢɞɟɬ ɩɨ ɨɫɢ y. ȿɫɥɢ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɶ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ xz, ɬɨ z - ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫɚ
ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦɢ ɫɩɨɫɨɛɚɦɢ:
• ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɬɨɱɤɭ. HFSS ɜɵɩɨɥɧɹɟɬ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɦɵɲɢ ɩɨ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɛɚɡɨɜɨɝɨ
ɪɚɞɢɭɫɚ.

• ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ dX, dY, ɢɥɢ dZ,
ɝɞɟ d - ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɢ.

4. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɜɬɨɪɨɣ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɷɥɥɢɩɫɚ. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɜ ɨɞɧɨɦ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ


ɩɭɬɟɣ:
• ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɬɨɱɤɭ. HFSS ɫɨɩɪɨɜɨɠɞɚɟɬ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɟ ɤɭɪɫɨɪɚ ɤ ɬɨɱɤɟ ɧɚ
ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ, ɨɪɬɨɝɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɣ ɤ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɪɚɞɢɭɫɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ.
• ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɟ dX, dY, ɢɥɢ dZ.
Рɢɫ. 3.9. Чɟɪɱɟɧɢɟ ɷɥɥɢɩɫа ɢ ɟɝɨ ɩаɪаɦɟɬɪɵ

ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɤɧɨ Properties (ɪɢɫ. 3.9), ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɹ ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɫɜɨɣɫɬɜɚ ɷɥɥɢɩɫɚ.


ȼɟɥɢɱɢɧɚ Ratio ɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɬɧɨɲɟɧɢɟɦ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɨɝɨ ɪɚɞɢɭɫɚ ɤ ɪɚɞɢɭɫɭ
ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ.

5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

ȿɫɥɢ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler Options ɜɵɛɪɚɧɚ ɨɩɰɢɹ Automatically cover closed


polyline, ɷɥɥɢɩɫ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬ, ɫɨɡɞɚɜɚɹ ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɩɥɨɫɤɢɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ. ɂɧɚɱɟ
ɷɬɨ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬɚɹ ɥɨɦɚɧɚɹ ɥɢɧɢɹ.
ȿɫɥɢ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ, ɱɟɦ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɵɣ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ,
ɞɥɢɧɧɚɹ ɨɫɶ ɷɥɥɢɩɫɚ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɥɟɠɚɬɶ ɩɨ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɨɦɭ ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ
ɪɚɞɢɭɫɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ. ȿɫɥɢ ɜɬɨɪɢɱɧɵɣ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɛɨɥɶɲɟ, ɱɟɦ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ
ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ, ɛɨɥɟɟ ɞɥɢɧɧɚɹ ɨɫɶ ɷɥɥɢɩɫɚ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɥɟɠɚɬɶ
ɩɟɪɩɟɧɞɢɤɭɥɹɪɧɨ ɤ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɨɦɭ ɩɨ ɭɦɨɥɱɚɧɢɸ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɸ ɪɚɞɢɭɫɭ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɣ
ɨɤɪɭɠɧɨɫɬɢ. Чɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɷɥɥɢɩɫ ɫ ɩɪɨɢɡɜɨɥɶɧɵɦ ɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɢɟɦ ɜ
ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ, ɜɪɚɳɚɣɬɟ ɟɝɨ, ɢɥɢ ɫɦɟɫɬɢɬɟ ɷɥɥɢɩɫ ɩɨɫɥɟ ɟɝɨ ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ.

3.1.8. Черчение ɩряɦɨɭɝɨɥɶниɤа


ɉɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤ (ɢɥɢ ɤɜɚɞɪɚɬ) ɱɟɪɬɢɬɫɹ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɞɜɟ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɩɨ ɞɢɚɝɨɧɚɥɢ
ɩɪɨɬɢɜɨɩɨɥɨɠɧɵɯ ɭɝɥɨɜ. Ⱦɥɹ ɷɬɨɝɨ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Rectangle.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɧɚɱɚɥɨ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɞɢɚɝɨɧɚɥɢ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɢɥɢ ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɜ


ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.

3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɜɬɨɪɨɣ ɭɝɨɥ ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ


ɤɨɨɪɞɢ-ɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɟɪɜɨɝɨ ɞɢɚɝɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɭɝɥɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX,
dY, ɢ dZ, ɝɞɟ d - ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɩɪɟɞɜɚɪɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɢ.

4. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

ȿɫɥɢ ɜ ɨɤɧɟ 3D Modeler Options ɜɵɛɪɚɧɚ ɨɩɰɢɹ Automatically cover closed


polyline, ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɨɝɨ ɩɥɚɧɚɪɧɨɝɨ
ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ. ɂɧɚɱɟ ɷɬɨ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɡɚɦɤɧɭɬɵɣ 1D ɨɛɴɟɤɬ ɜ ɜɢɞɟ ɥɨɦɚɧɨɣ ɥɢɧɢɢ.

3.1.9. Черчение ɩраɜиɥɶнɨɝɨ ɩряɦɨɭɝɨɥɶниɤа

ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɣ ɦɧɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤ - ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ ɫ ɬɪɟɦɹ ɢɥɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɢɦ


ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨɦ ɪɚɜɧɵɯ ɫɬɨɪɨɧ. ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɟ ɦɧɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɢ ɩɨɥɟɡɧɵ ɞɥɹ
ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɫɪɟɡɨɜ ɨɛɴɟɦɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ.

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Regular polygon.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɦɧɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɚ ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɟɟ


ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.

3. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɚ, ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɞɨ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɢɡ ɜɟɪɲɢɧɵ


ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɚ, ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɩɭɬɟɣ:
• ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɬɨɱɤɭ.
• ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX, dY, ɢ dZ,
ɝɞɟ d - ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ.

4. ȼ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦ ɨɤɧɟ ɜɜɟɞɢɬɟ ɱɢɫɥɨ ɫɟɝɦɟɧɬɨɜ ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɚ, ɚ ɡɚɬɟɦ


ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK (ɪɢɫ. 3.10).
Рɢɫ. 3.10. ɋɨɡɞаɧɢɟ ɩɪаɜɢɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɜɨɫɶɦɢɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤа

5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

3.1.10. Черчение ɫɮерɵ

ɋɮɟɪɚ ɱɟɪɬɢɬɫɹ, ɡɚɞɚɜɚɹ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɢ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ. ɋɮɟɪɚ ɱɟɪɬɢɬɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɚɹ


ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶ.

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Sphere.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɫɮɟɪɵ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɜ ɧɭɠɧɨɦ ɦɟɫɬɟ ɢɥɢ ɜɜɨɞɹ


ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z (ɪɢɫ. 3.11).
Рɢɫ. 3.11. ɋɨɡɞаɧɢɟ ɫɮɟɪɵ ɢ ɟɟ ɩаɪаɦɟɬɪɵ

3. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɧɚ ɩɟɪɢɦɟɬɪɟ ɫɮɟɪɵ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɢɥɢ


ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX, dY, ɢ dZ, ɝɞɟ d -
ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɢ.
Заɦɟɱаɧɢɟ. Ɋɚɞɢɭɫ ɢɡɦɟɪɹɟɬɫɹ ɨɬ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɞɨ ɭɝɥɚ ɩɨɥɢɝɨɧɚ, ɢɥɢ
ɩɟɪɟɫɟɱɟɧɢɹ ɞɜɭɯ ɝɪɚɧɟɣ, ɚ ɧɟ ɞɨ ɫɪɟɞɧɟɣ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɪɟɛɪɚ.

4. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

3.1.11. Черчение ɰиɥинɞра

ɐɢɥɢɧɞɪ ɱɟɪɬɢɬɫɹ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɰɟɧɬɪ, ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɢ ɜɵɫɨɬɭ. ɐɢɥɢɧɞɪɵ ɱɟɪɬɹɬɫɹ


ɤɚɤ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɵɟ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ (true surfaces) ɜ HFSS. ȼɧɚɱɚɥɟ ɡɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɶ,
ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɥɟɠɚɬɶ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɟ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɚ. Ɂɚɬɟɦ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Cylinder.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɤɪɭɝɚ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɢɥɢ ɧɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɜ


ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.
Рɢɫ. 3. 12. Иɫɩɨɥɶɡɨɜаɧɢɟ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɨɜ ɢ ɨɩɟɪаɰɢɢ ɩɟɪɫɩɟɤɬɢɜɵ ɞɥя ɫɨɡɞаɧɢя
ɫɭɠаɸщɟɣɫя ɬɪɭɛɵ

3. Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɧɚ ɩɟɪɢɦɟɬɪɟ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɤɪɭɝɚ,


ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ɛɭɞɟɬ ɱɟɪɬɢɬɶɫɹ ɜ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ xy (ɢɥɢ ɞɪɭɝɨɣ ɡɚɞɚɧɧɨɣ).

4. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɜɵɫɨɬɭ ɰɢɥɢɧɞɪɚ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɧɚ ɩɟɪɩɟɧɞɢɤɭɥɹɪɟ ɤ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ


ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɤɪɭɝɚ (ɪɢɫ. 3.12). ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ
ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX, dY, ɢ dZ.

5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

3.1.12. Черчение ɬреɯɦернɨɝɨ ɩараɥɥеɥеɩиɩеɞа

Ɍɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɩɚɪɚɥɥɟɥɟɩɢɩɟɞ, ɢɥɢ ɛɨɤɫ, ɱɟɪɬɢɬɫɹ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɞɜɚ ɥɟɠɚɳɢɯ ɩɨ


ɞɢɚɝɨɧɚɥɢ ɭɝɥɚ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɚ, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ ɡɚɞɚɜɚɹ ɜɵɫɨɬɭ. Ⱦɥɹ
ɷɬɨɝɨ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Box.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɩɟɪɜɵɣ ɞɢɚɝɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɭɝɨɥ ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɝɨ ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ


ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɥɢɛɨ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.
3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɜɬɨɪɨɣ ɭɝɨɥ ɛɚɡɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɥɢɛɨ
ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɩɟɪɜɨɝɨ ɞɢɚɝɨɧɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɭɝɥɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ
dX, dY, ɢ dZ, ɝɞɟ d - ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɢ.

Заɦɟɱаɧɢɟ. ȿɫɥɢ ȼɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɟɬɟ ɛɨɤɫ ɫ ɜɵɫɨɬɨɣ, ɪɚɜɧɨɣ ɧɭɥɸ, HFSS ɱɟɪɬɢɬ


ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤ.

Рɢɫ. 3.13. Чɟɪɱɟɧɢɟ ɩаɪаɥɥɟɥɟɩɢɩɟɞа

4. Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟ ɜɵɫɨɬɭ ɛɨɤɫɚ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɧɚ ɩɟɪɩɟɧɞɢɤɭɥɹɪɟ ɨɫɢ ɤ


ɨɫɧɨɜɧɨɦɭ ɩɪɹɦɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɭ. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ
ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX, dY, ɢ dZ. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Properties
(ɪɢɫ. 3.13).
5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

3.1.13. Черчение ɩраɜиɥɶнɵɯ ɦнɨɝɨɝранниɤɨɜ

ȼ HFSS, ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɟ ɦɧɨɝɨɝɪɚɧɧɢɤɢ - ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɟ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɵ ɫɨ ɫɬɨɪɨɧɚɦɢ


ɩɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɦɧɨɝɨɭɝɨɥɶɧɢɤɚ; ɤɚɠɞɚɹ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶ ɢɦɟɟɬ ɬɪɢ ɢɥɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɟɟ
ɤɨɥɢɱɟɫɬɜɨ ɪɚɜɧɵɯ ɫɬɨɪɨɧ. ɉɪɚɜɢɥɶɧɵɟ ɦɧɨɝɨɝɪɚɧɧɢɤɢ ɩɨɥɟɡɧɵ ɞɥɹ
ɱɟɪɱɟɧɢɹ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɯ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɨɜ (ɪɢɫ. 3.14).

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Regular Polyhedron.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɦɧɨɝɨɝɪɚɧɧɢɤɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ


ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.
Рɢɫ. 3.14. Чɟɪɱɟɧɢɟ ɩɪаɜɢɥɶɧɵɯ ɦɧɨɝɨɝɪаɧɧɢɤɨɜ

3. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɦɧɨɝɨɝɪɚɧɧɢɤɚ, ɤɚɤ ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɞɨ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɢɡ


ɜɟɪɲɢɧ ɦɧɨɝɨɝɪɚɧɧɢɤɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɥɢɛɨ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ
ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX, dY, ɢ dZ, ɝɞɟ d - ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ
ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɢ.

4. ȼ ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɦ ɨɤɧɟ Segment number, ɜɜɟɞɢɬɟ Number of segments, ɢ ɡɚɬɟɦ


ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ OK.

5. Щɟɥɤɧɢɬɟ OK.

3.1.14. Черчение ɤɨнɭɫа

Чɬɨɛɵ ɧɚɱɟɪɬɢɬɶ ɤɨɧɭɫ (ɪɢɫ. 3.15), ɜɧɚɱɚɥɟ ɡɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɶ, ɜ ɤɨɬɨɪɨɣ


ɛɭɞɟɬ ɥɟɠɚɬɶ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɟ. Ɂɚɬɟɦ ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɢ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɤɨɧɭɫɚ,
ɡɚɬɟɦ ɡɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɜɟɪɯɧɟɝɨ ɤɪɭɝɚ ɤɨɧɭɫɚ ɢ ɜɵɫɨɬɭ ɤɨɧɭɫɚ. Кɨɧɭɫɵ
ɱɟɪɬɹɬɫɹ ɤɚɤ ɪɟɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɶ. ɂɬɚɤ:

1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw, ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ Cone.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɤɨɧɭɫɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɜ ɧɭɠɧɨɦ ɦɟɫɬɟ, ɢɥɢ


ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.

3. Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɤɨɧɭɫɚ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɧɚ ɩɟɪɢɦɟɬɪɟ ɤɪɭɝɚ,


ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX, dY, ɢ dZ,
ɝɞɟ d - ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɩɟɪɜɨɣ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɢ.

Рɢɫ. 3.15 .Чɟɪɱɟɧɢɟ ɤɨɧɭɫа

4. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɜɟɪɯɧɟɝɨ ɫɪɟɡɚ ɤɨɧɭɫɚ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɧɚ ɟɝɨ ɩɟɪɢɦɟɬɪɟ.


ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɳɟɥɤɚɹ ɟɟ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɟɟ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX, dY, ɢ dZ.
Чɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɜɟɪɲɢɧɭ, ɜɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɬɨɬ ɠɟ ɫɚɦɵɣ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɤɚɤ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ.

5. Ɂɚɞɚɣɬɟ ɜɵɫɨɬɭ ɤɨɧɭɫɚ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɧɚ ɩɟɪɩɟɧɞɢɤɭɥɹɪɟ ɨɫɢ ɤ ɩɥɨɫɤɨɫɬɢ


ɨɫɧɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɢɥɢ ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX, dY, ɢ dZ. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Properties, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɹ ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɤɨɧɭɫɚ (ɪɢɫ. 3.15).

3.1.15. Черчение ɬɨра

Ɍɨɪ ɱɟɪɬɢɬɫɹ, ɧɚɡɧɚɱɚɹ ɟɝɨ ɰɟɧɬɪ, ɛɨɥɶɲɨɣ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ, ɢ ɦɚɥɵɣ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ. HFSS
ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɟɬ ɦɚɥɵɣ ɤɪɭɝ ɩɨ ɬɪɚɟɤɬɨɪɢɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɨɝɨ ɪɚɞɢɭɫɚ. Ɍɨɪɵ ɱɟɪɬɹɬɫɹ ɜ
ɜɢɞɟ ɩɨɜɟɪɯɧɨɫɬɢ (ɪɢɫ. 3.16) ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɦ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɦ:
1. ȼ ɦɟɧɸ Draw ɧɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɤɨɦɚɧɞɭ Torus.

2. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɰɟɧɬɪ ɬɨɪɚ, ɧɚɠɢɦɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ, ɫɨɨɬɜɟɬɫɬɜɭɸɳɭɸ ɰɟɧɬɪɭ, ɥɢɛɨ


ɩɟɱɚɬɚɹ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ X, Y, ɢ Z.

3. Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɶ ɛɨɥɶɲɨɣ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɨɞɧɢɦ ɢɡ ɫɥɟɞɭɸɳɢɯ ɩɭɬɟɣ:


• ɇɚɠɦɢɬɟ ɬɨɱɤɭ.
• ɇɚɩɟɱɚɬɚɣɬɟ ɤɨɨɪɞɢɧɚɬɵ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ ɜ ɩɨɥɹɯ dX, dY, ɢ dZ,
ɝɞɟ d - ɪɚɫɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ ɨɬ ɜɵɛɪɚɧɧɨɣ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɰɟɧɬɪɚ.
Ȼɨɥɶɲɨɣ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɡɚɞɚɟɬ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪ ɬɨɪɚ (ɪɢɫ. 3.16).

Рɢɫ. 3.16. Чɟɪɱɟɧɢɟ ɬɨɪа

4. Ɉɩɪɟɞɟɥɢɬɟ ɦɚɥɵɣ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ, ɜɵɛɢɪɚɹ ɬɨɱɤɭ ɨɬɧɨɫɢɬɟɥɶɧɨ ɬɨɱɤɢ ɛɨɥɶɲɨɝɨ


ɪɚɞɢɭɫɚ. Ɇɚɥɵɣ ɪɚɞɢɭɫ ɨɩɪɟɞɟɥɹɟɬ ɞɢɚɦɟɬɪ “ ɤɨɥɶɰɚ ”. ɉɨɹɜɥɹɟɬɫɹ
ɞɢɚɥɨɝɨɜɨɟ ɨɤɧɨ Properties, ɩɨɡɜɨɥɹɹ ɢɡɦɟɧɢɬɶ ɩɚɪɚɦɟɬɪɵ ɬɨɪɚ.

3.1.16. Черчение ɨɛɴеɦнɨɣ ɫɩираɥи

Ɉɛɴɟɦɧɚɹ ɫɩɢɪɚɥɶ - ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɫɩɢɪɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ, ɫɨɡɞɚɧɧɵɣ,


ɫɜɢɩɢɪɭɹ (ɩɟɪɟɦɟɳɚɹ) ɨɞɧɨɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɢɥɢ ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ ɩɨ ɜɟɤɬɨɪɭ (ɪɢɫ.
3.17). ɉɟɪɟɦɟɳɟɧɢɟ ɨɞɧɨɦɟɪɧɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɦɭ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɭ
ɬɢɩɚ ɫɜɟɪɧɭɬɨɝɨ ɥɢɫɬɚ. ɉɟɪɟɦɟɳɟɧɢɟ ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɨɝɨ ɥɢɫɬɨɜɨɝɨ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɚ
ɩɪɢɜɨɞɢɬ ɤ ɬɪɟɯɦɟɪɧɨɦɭ ɬɜɟɪɞɨɦɭ ɨɛɴɟɤɬɭ.

1. ȼɵɛɟɪɢɬɟ ɨɞɧɨɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɢɥɢ ɞɜɭɦɟɪɧɵɣ ɨɛɴɟɤɬ, ɤɨɬɨɪɵɣ ȼɵ ɯɨɬɢɬɟ


ɩɟɪɟɦɟɫɬɢɬɶ ɜ ɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ, ɱɬɨɛɵ ɫɨɡɞɚɬɶ ɫɩɢɪɚɥɶ.