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Carbon Steel is used in the most critical engineering applications and also in certain applications

in the automotive sector. In addition, some of the value-added Carbon Steel products include steel

for LPG cylinders, API grade, corrosion resistant steel, critical structural application steel, boiler

quality, auto grades, precision tubes and medium/high carbon grades, among others.

Carbon Products

A53 A106 API5L Grade B/C X42 Seamless Pipe

Size Range : 1/8" - 26"

Schedules : 20, 30, 40, Standard (STD), Extra Heavy (XH), 80, 100, 120, 140, 160, XXH

Grades : ASTM A53 Gr B, ASME SA53 Gr B, API-5L Gr B, ASTM A106 Gr B, ASME SA106 Gr

B, ASTM A106 Gr C, PSL 1 and PSL2

Size Range : 2" - 24"

Schedules : Standard (STD), Extra Heavy (XH), 100, 120, 160, XXH

Grades : PSL1 and PSL2

Size Range : 1/2" - 24"

Schedules : Standard (STD), Extra Heavy (XH), 100, 120, 160, XXH

A53 API5L Grade B X-42 X-52 X-60 ERW (Electric Resistance Welded) Pipe

Size Ranges : 2" - 24"

Schedules : 10, 20, Standard (STD), Extra Heavy (XH)

Non-Schedules : .120wall, .156wall, .188wall, .203 wall, .219wall etc.

Grades : API-5L Gr B, API-5L Gr X42, API-5L Gr X52, API-5L Gr X60, API-5L Gr X65PSL1

and PSL2

Size Ranges : 26" - 60"

Schedules : 20, Std, XH, 30,

Grades : API-5L Gr B, API-5L Gr X42, API-5L Gr X52, API-5L Gr X60, API-5L Gr X65PSL1

and PSL2

Send Enquiry

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

ELEMENT COMPOSITION, %

C, Max 0.30

Mn 0.29-1.06

P,Max 0.03

S, Max 0.03

Si, Min Si, Min

A For each reduction of 0.01% carbon below 0.30%, an increase of

0.05% manganese above 1.06% would be permitted to a maximum of

1.35% manganese.

TENSILE REQUIREMENTS

ELONGATION

psi Mpa L T

Y.S,min 35 000 240 22 12

T.S,min 60 000 415

Metal Temperature

°F °C

5 600

1050 565

1000 540

CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS

ELEMENT COMPOSITION, %

ASTM A106 Gr.B ASTM A106 Gr.C

C maxA 0.30 0.35

Mn 0.29-1.06 0.29-1.06

P, max 0.04 0.04

S, max 0.04 0.04

Si, min 0.10 0.10

Cr, maxB 0.40 0.40

Cu, maxB 0.40 0.40

Mo, maxB 0.15 0.15

Ni, maxB 0.40 0.40

V, maxB 0.08 0.08

A) For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified carbon maximum,

an increase of 0.06% manganese above the specified maximum will be

permitted up to a maximum of 1.35%.

B) These five elements combined shall not exceed 1%.

Tensile Requirements

ASTM A106 Gr.B ASTM A106 Gr.C

Y.S, min, psi[Mpa] 35 000 [240] 40 000 [275]

T.S., min, psi[Mpa] 60 000 [415] 70 000 [485]

ELONGATION

ASTM A106 Gr.B ASTM A106 Gr.C

L T L T

22 12 20 12

PSL1

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a

SEAMLESS PIPE

C Mn P S V Nb Ti

maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.

0.28 1.20 - 0.030 0.030 c,d c,d d

WELDED PIPE

0.26 1.20 - 0.030 0.030 c,d c,d d

0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%

maximum for chromium, and

a 0.15% maximum for molybdenum. For grades up to and

including L360/X52, Cu,

Cr and Ni shall not be added intentionally.

b For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum

concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the

specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,

up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360

or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,

but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade

L485 or X70.

Unless otherwise agreed, the sum of the niobium and vanadium

c

contents shall be = 0.06%.

The sum of the niobium ,vanadium and titanium concentrations

d

shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes

Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb

Mpa(p

Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)

si)

min min min min

245(3

415(60 200) 28% 415 (60 200)

5 500)

For intermediate grades, the differencec between the specified

minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield

a

strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the

next higher grade.

For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength

b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for

the pipe body using footnote a)

API 5L 290 OR X 42

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a

SEAMLESS PIPE

C Mn P S V Nb Ti

maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.

0.28 1.30 - 0.030 0.030 d d d

WELDED PIPE

0.26 1.30 - 0.030 0.030 d d d

a 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%

maximum for chromium, and 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.

For grades up to and including L360/X52, Cu, Cr and Ni shall

not be added intentionally.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum

concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the

specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,

b up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360

or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,

but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade

L485 or X70.

The sum of the niobium ,vanadium and titanium concentrations

d

shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes

Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb

Mpa(p

Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)

si)

min min min min

290(4

415(60 200) c 415 (60 200)

2 100)

For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified

minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield

a

strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the

next higher grade.

For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength

b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for

the pipe body using footnote a)

The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent

and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be as determined using

c the following equation:

API 5L 390 OR X 56

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a

SEAMLESS PIPE

C Mn P S V Nb Ti

maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.

0.28 1.40 - 0.030 0.030 d d d

WELDED PIPE

0.26 1.40 - 0.030 0.030 d d d

0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%

maximum for chromium, and 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.

a

For grades up to and including L360/X52, Cu, Cr and Ni shall

not be added intentionally.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum

concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the

specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,

b up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360

or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,

but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade

L485 or X70.

The sum of the niobium ,vanadium and titanium concentrations

d

shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes

Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb

Mpa(p

Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)

si)

min min min min

390(5

490(71 100) c 490 (71 100)

6 600)

For intermediate grades, the differencec between the specified

minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield

a

strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the

next higher grade.

For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength

b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for

the pipe body using footnote a)

The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent

and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be as determined using

c the following equation:

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a

SEAMLESS PIPE

C Mn P S V Nb Ti

maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.

0.28e 1.40e - 0.030 0.030 f f f

WELDED PIPE

0.26e 1.40e - 0.030 0.030 f f f

0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%

maximum for chromium, and 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.

a

For grades up to and including L360/X52, Cu, Cr and Ni shall

not be added intentionally.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum

concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the

specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,

b up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360

or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,

but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade

L485 or X70.

e Unless otherwise agreed.

Unless otherwise agreed, the sum of niobium, vanadium and

f

titanium concentrations shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes

Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb

Mpa(p

Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)

si)

min min min min

415(6

520(75 400) c 520 (75 400)

0 200)

For intermediate grades, the differencec between the specified

minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield

a

strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the

next higher grade.

For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength

b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for

the pipe body using footnote a)

c The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent

and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be as determined using

the following equation:

API 5L450 OR X65

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a

SEAMLESS PIPE

C Mn P S V Nb Ti

maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.

0.28e 1.40e - 0.030 0.030 f f f

WELDED PIPE

0.26 1.45e - 0.030 0.030 f f f

0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%

maximum for chromium, and 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.

a

For grades up to and including L360/X52, Cu, Cr and Ni shall

not be added intentionally.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum

concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the

specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,

b up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360

or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,

but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade

L485 or X70.

e Unless otherwise agreed.

Unless otherwise agreed, the sum of niobium, vanadium and

f

titanium concentrations shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes

Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb

Mpa(p

Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)

si)

min min min min

450(6

535(77 600) c 535 (77 600)

5 300)

For intermediate grades, the differencec between the specified

minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield

a

strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the

next higher grade.

For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength

b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for

the pipe body using footnote a)

The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent

and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be as determined using

c the following equation:

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a

SEAMLESS PIPE

C Mn P S V Nb Ti

maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.

0.28e 1.40e - 0.030 0.030 f f f

WELDED PIPE

0.26e 1.65e - 0.030 0.030 f f f

0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%

maximum for chromium, and 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.

a

For grades up to and including L360/X52, Cu, Cr and Ni shall

not be added intentionally.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum

concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the

specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,

b up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360

or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,

but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade

L485 or X70.

e Unless otherwise agreed.

Unless otherwise agreed, the sum of niobium, vanadium and

f

titanium concentrations shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes

Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb

Mpa(p

Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)

si)

min min min min

485(7

570(82 700) c 570 (82 700)

0 300)

For intermediate grades, the differencec between the specified

minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield

a

strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the

next higher grade.

For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength

b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for

the pipe body using footnote a)

The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent

and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be as determined using

c the following equation:

PSL2

API 5L 245 OR B

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis % CARBON

maximum EQUIVALENT a

% MAXIMUM

PIPE

Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb Ti Other CEIIW CEPcm

GRADE

SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES

L245R

0.24 0.40 1.2 0.03 0.02 c c 0.04 e 0.43 0.25

OR BR

L245Q

0.18 0.45 1.4 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.04 e 0.43 0.25

OR BQ

WELDED PIPE

L245M

0.22 0.45 1.2 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.04 e 0.43 0.25

OR BM

Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0 mm (0.787

in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed. The CELLW limits

a

apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater than 0.12% and the CEpcm

limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is less than or equal to 0.12%.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for carbon, an

b increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for manganese is

permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B

unless otherwise agreed, the sum of th niobium & vanadium

c

concentrations shall be = 0.06%

Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.30% maximum

e for nickel, 0.30% maximum for chromium, & 0.15% maximum for

molybdenum.

CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)

CEPcm C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes

Ratio Tensile strength

Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation

a,b,c d

Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)

min max min max max min min

245(

450e (65 415 (60 760 (110

35 0.93 f 415 (60 200)

300)e 200) 200)

500)

For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified maximum

yield strength and the specified minimum yield strength shall be as given in

the table for the next higher grade, and the difference between the specified

minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield strength shall be

as given in the table for the next higher grade. For intermediate grades lower

a

than Grade L555 orX80, the tensile strength shall be = 760 Mpa (110 200

psi). For intermediate grades higher than Grade L555 or X80, the maximum

permissible tensile strength shall be obtained by interpolation. For SI units,

the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For USC units,

the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 100 psi.

b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.

c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).

For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for the weld

d seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe body using

footnote a).

For pipe with D< 219,1 mm (8.625 in), the maximum yield strength shall be

e

= 495 Mpa (71 800 psi).

The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined using the

f following equation:

API 5L 290 OR X 42

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis CARBON

% maximum EQUIVALENT a

% MAXIMUM

Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb Ti Other CEIIW CEPcm

SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES

0.24 0.4 1.2 0.03 0.02 0.06 0.05 0.04 e 0.43 0.25

0.18 0.45 1.4 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.04 e 0.43 0.25

WELDED PIPE

0.22 0.45 1.3 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.04 e 0.43 0.25

Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0 mm

(0.787 in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed. The

a CELLW limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater than

0.12% and the CEpcm limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is less

than or equal to 0.12%.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for

carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for

b

manganese is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades =

L245 or B

Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.30%

e

maximum for nickel, 0.30% maximum for chromium,

CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)

CEPcm C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes

Ratio Tensile

Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation

a,b,c strength d

Mpa(

Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)

psi)

min max min max max min min

290(4

495 (71 415 (60 760 (110

2 0.93 f 415 (60 200)

800) 200) 200)

100)

a For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified

maximum yield strength and the specified minimum yield strength

shall be as given in the table for the next higher grade, and the

difference between the specified minimum tensile strength and the

specified minimum yield strength shall be as given in the table for the

next higher grade. For intermediate grades lower than Grade L555

orX80, the tensile strength shall be = 760 Mpa (110 200 psi). For

intermediate grades higher than Grade L555 or X80, the maximum

permissible tensile strength shall be obtained by interpolation. For SI

units, the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For

USC units, the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 100

psi.

b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.

c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).

For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for

d the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe

body using footnote a).

The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined using

f the following equation:

API 5L 390 OR X 56

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis CARBON

% maximum EQUIVALENT a

% MAXIMUM

Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb Ti Other CEIIW CEPcm

SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES

0.10

0.24 0.45 1.4 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.04 d,e 0.43 0.25

f

0.18 0.45 1.5 0.03 0.02 0.07 0.05 0.04 d,e 0.43 0.25

WELDED PIPE

0.22 0.45 1.4 0.03 0.02 d d d e 0.43 0.25

Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0 mm

(0.787 in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed. The

a CELLW limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater than

0.12% and the CEpcm limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is less

than or equal to 0.12%.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for

carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for

b

manganese is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades =

L245 or B

the sum of the niobium & vanadium & titanium concentrations shall

d

be =0.15%

e Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.30%

maximum for nickel, 0.30% maximum for chromium, & 0.15%

maximum for molybdenum.

f Unless otherwise agreed

CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)

CEPcm C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes

Ratio Tensile

Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation

a,b,c strength d

Mpa(

Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)

psi)

min max min max max min min

390(5

545 (79 490 (71 760 (110

6 0.93 f 490 (71 100)

000) 100) 200)

600)

For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified

maximum yield strength and the specified minimum yield strength

shall be as given in the table for the next higher grade, and the

difference between the specified minimum tensile strength and the

specified minimum yield strength shall be as given in the table for the

next higher grade. For intermediate grades lower than Grade L555

a

orX80, the tensile strength shall be = 760 Mpa (110 200 psi). For

intermediate grades higher than Grade L555 or X80, the maximum

permissible tensile strength shall be obtained by interpolation. For SI

units, the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For

USC units, the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 100

psi.

b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.

c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).

For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for

d the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe

body using footnote a).

The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined using

f the following equation:

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis CARBON

% maximum EQUIVALENT a

% MAXIMUM

Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb Ti Other CEIIW CEPcm

SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES

0.10

0.24f 0.45f 1.4f 0.03 0.02 0.05f 0.04f g,h as agreed

f

0.18f 0.45f 1.7f 0.03 0.02 g g g h 0.43 0.25

WELDED PIPE

0.12f 0.45f 1.6f 0.03 0.02 g g g h 0.43 0.25

Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0 mm (0.787

in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed. The CELLW limits

a

apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater than 0.12% and the CEpcm

limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is less than or equal to 0.12%.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for carbon,

b an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for manganese is

permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B

f Unless otherwise agreed

Unless otherwise agreed the sum of the niobium, vanadium & titanium

g

concentrations shall be =0.15%

Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50%

h maximum for nickel, 0.50% maximum for chromium, & 0.50%

maximum for molybdenum.

CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)

CEPcm C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes

Ratio Tensile

Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation

a,b,c strength d

Mpa(

Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)

psi)

min max min max max min min

415(6

565 (81 520 (75 760 (110

0 0.93 f 520 (75 400)

900) 400) 200)

200)

a For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified maximum

yield strength and the specified minimum yield strength shall be as

given in the table for the next higher grade, and the difference between

the specified minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield

strength shall be as given in the table for the next higher grade. For

intermediate grades lower than Grade L555 orX80, the tensile strength

shall be = 760 Mpa (110 200 psi). For intermediate grades higher than

Grade L555 or X80, the maximum permissible tensile strength shall be

obtained by interpolation. For SI units, the calculated value shall be

rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For USC units, the calculated value shall

be rounded to the nearest 100 psi.

b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.

c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).

For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for the

d weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe body

using footnote a).

The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined using

f the following equation:

API 5L 450 OR X 65

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis % maximum

Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb

SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES

0.18f 0.45f 1.7f 0.03 0.02 g g

WELDED PIPE

0.12f 0.45f 1.6f 0.03 0.02 g g

Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0

mm (0.787 in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed.

a The CELLW limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater

than 0.12% and the CEpcm limits apply if the carbon mass

fraction is less than or equal to 0.12%.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum

for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified

b

maximum for manganese is permissible, up to a maximum of

1.65% for grades = L245 or B

f Unless otherwise agreed

Unless otherwise agreed the sum of the niobium, vanadium &

g

titanium concentrations shall be =0.15%

Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50%

h maximum for nickel, 0.50% maximum for chromium, &

0.50% maximum for molybdenum.

CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)

C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+

CEPcm

(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes

Ratio Tensile

Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation

a,b,c strength d

Mpa(

Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)

psi)

min max min max max min min

450(6 760

600 (87 535 (77

5 (110 0.93 f 535 (77 600)

000) 600)

300) 200)

For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified

maximum yield strength and the specified minimum yield

strength shall be as given in the table for the next higher grade,

and the difference between the specified minimum tensile

strength and the specified minimum yield strength shall be as

given in the table for the next higher grade. For intermediate

a

grades lower than Grade L555 orX80, the tensile strength shall

be = 760 Mpa (110 200 psi). For intermediate grades higher than

Grade L555 or X80, the maximum permissible tensile strength

shall be obtained by interpolation. For SI units, the calculated

value shall be rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For USC units, the

calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 100 psi.

b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.

c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).

For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength

d for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for

the pipe body using footnote a).

The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined

f using the following equation:

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION

Mass fraction, based upon heat and product CARBON

analysis % maximum EQUIVALENT a

% MAXIMUM

Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb Ti Other CEIIW CEPcm

SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES

0.18f 0.45f 1.8f 0.03 0.02 g g g h 0.43 0.25

WELDED PIPE

0.12f 0.45f 1.7f 0.03 0.02 g g g h 0.43f 0.25

Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0

mm (0.787 in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed.

a The CELLW limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater

than 0.12% and the CEpcm limits apply if the carbon mass

fraction is less than or equal to 0.12%.

For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for

carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for

b

manganese is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for

grades = L245 or B

f Unless otherwise agreed

Unless otherwise agreed the sum of the niobium, vanadium &

g

titanium concentrations shall be =0.15%

Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50%

h maximum for nickel, 0.50% maximum for chromium, & 0.50%

maximum for molybdenum.

CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)

C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+

CEPcm

(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS

weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes

Ratio Tensile

Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation

a,b,c strength d

Mpa(

Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)

psi)

min max min max max min min

485(7 760

635 (92 570 (82

0 (110 0.93 f 570 (82 700)

100) 700)

300) 200)

a For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified

maximum yield strength and the specified minimum yield

strength shall be as given in the table for the next higher grade,

and the difference between the specified minimum tensile

strength and the specified minimum yield strength shall be as

given in the table for the next higher grade. For intermediate

grades lower than Grade L555 orX80, the tensile strength shall

be = 760 Mpa (110 200 psi). For intermediate grades higher than

Grade L555 or X80, the maximum permissible tensile strength

shall be obtained by interpolation. For SI units, the calculated

value shall be rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For USC units, the

calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 100 psi.

b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.

c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).

For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength

d for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for

the pipe body using footnote a).

The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined

f using the following equation:

Specified

Full-size CVN absorbed energy,

outside

diameter minimum

D Kv

mm (in) J (ft.lbf)

Grade

= L415 > L415 > L450 > L485 > L555 > L625 > L690

or 0r X60 or X65 or X70 or X80 or X90 or X100

= L690

= L450 = L485 = L555 = L625 = L830

X60 or

or X65 or X70 or X80 or X90 or X120

X100

=508 (20.

27 (20) 27 (20) 27 (20) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30)

000)

>508

(20.000) 27 (20) 27 (20) 27 (20) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30)

to

=762

(30.000)

>762

(30.000) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 54 (40) 54 (40)

to

=914

(36.000)

>914

(36.000) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 54 (40) 68 (50)

to

=1 219

(48.000)

>1 219

(48.000) 40 (30) 54 (40) 54 (40) 54 (40) 54 (40) 68 (50) 81 (60)

to

=1 422

(56.000)

>1 422

108

(56.000) 40 (30) 54 (40) 68 (50) 68 (50) 81 (60) 95 (70)

(80)

to

=2134

(84.000)

9.8.3 Pipe weld and HAZ tests

The minimum average (of a set of three test pieces) absorbed energy for

each pipe weld and HAZ test, based upon full-size test pieces and a test

temperature of 0 °C (32 °F), or if agreed a lower test temperature, shall

be

a) 27 J (20 ft.lbf) for pipe with D < 1 422 mm (56.000in) in grades =

L555 or X80;

b) 40 J (30 ft.lbf) for pipe with D = 1 422 mm (56.000 in);

c) 40 J (30 ft.lbf) for pipe in grades > L555 or X80.

NOTE :The HAZ of the longitudinal seam weld in HFW welded pipe

is usually too narrow to permit accurate sampling for Charpy testing.

The requirement for Charpy testing of the seam weld HAZ applies only

to SAWL/SAWH and COWL/COWH pipe

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