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Applications

Carbon Steel is used in the most critical engineering applications and also in certain applications
in the automotive sector. In addition, some of the value-added Carbon Steel products include steel
for LPG cylinders, API grade, corrosion resistant steel, critical structural application steel, boiler
quality, auto grades, precision tubes and medium/high carbon grades, among others.

Carbon Products
A53 A106 API5L Grade B/C X42 Seamless Pipe
Size Range : 1/8" - 26"
Schedules : 20, 30, 40, Standard (STD), Extra Heavy (XH), 80, 100, 120, 140, 160, XXH
Grades : ASTM A53 Gr B, ASME SA53 Gr B, API-5L Gr B, ASTM A106 Gr B, ASME SA106 Gr
B, ASTM A106 Gr C, PSL 1 and PSL2

API5L X-42 X-52 X-60 Seamless Pipe


Size Range : 2" - 24"
Schedules : Standard (STD), Extra Heavy (XH), 100, 120, 160, XXH
Grades : PSL1 and PSL2

A333 (Low Temp) Grade 1/6 Carbon Steel Seamless Pipe


Size Range : 1/2" - 24"
Schedules : Standard (STD), Extra Heavy (XH), 100, 120, 160, XXH

A53 API5L Grade B X-42 X-52 X-60 ERW (Electric Resistance Welded) Pipe
Size Ranges : 2" - 24"
Schedules : 10, 20, Standard (STD), Extra Heavy (XH)
Non-Schedules : .120wall, .156wall, .188wall, .203 wall, .219wall etc.
Grades : API-5L Gr B, API-5L Gr X42, API-5L Gr X52, API-5L Gr X60, API-5L Gr X65PSL1
and PSL2

API5L Grade B X-42 X-52 X-60 DSAW/SAW


Size Ranges : 26" - 60"
Schedules : 20, Std, XH, 30,
Grades : API-5L Gr B, API-5L Gr X42, API-5L Gr X52, API-5L Gr X60, API-5L Gr X65PSL1
and PSL2

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ASTM A333 Grade 6

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
ELEMENT COMPOSITION, %
C, Max 0.30
Mn 0.29-1.06
P,Max 0.03
S, Max 0.03
Si, Min Si, Min
A For each reduction of 0.01% carbon below 0.30%, an increase of
0.05% manganese above 1.06% would be permitted to a maximum of
1.35% manganese.

TENSILE REQUIREMENTS
ELONGATION
psi Mpa L T
Y.S,min 35 000 240 22 12
T.S,min 60 000 415

Stress Relieving of Test Pieces


Metal Temperature
°F °C
5 600
1050 565
1000 540

ASTM A106 Grade B & GRADE C

CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS
ELEMENT COMPOSITION, %
ASTM A106 Gr.B ASTM A106 Gr.C
C maxA 0.30 0.35
Mn 0.29-1.06 0.29-1.06
P, max 0.04 0.04
S, max 0.04 0.04
Si, min 0.10 0.10
Cr, maxB 0.40 0.40
Cu, maxB 0.40 0.40
Mo, maxB 0.15 0.15
Ni, maxB 0.40 0.40
V, maxB 0.08 0.08
A) For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified carbon maximum,
an increase of 0.06% manganese above the specified maximum will be
permitted up to a maximum of 1.35%.
B) These five elements combined shall not exceed 1%.

Tensile Requirements
ASTM A106 Gr.B ASTM A106 Gr.C
Y.S, min, psi[Mpa] 35 000 [240] 40 000 [275]
T.S., min, psi[Mpa] 60 000 [415] 70 000 [485]

ELONGATION
ASTM A106 Gr.B ASTM A106 Gr.C
L T L T
22 12 20 12

PSL1

API 5L 245 OR GR.B

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a
SEAMLESS PIPE
C Mn P S V Nb Ti
maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.
0.28 1.20 - 0.030 0.030 c,d c,d d
WELDED PIPE
0.26 1.20 - 0.030 0.030 c,d c,d d
0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%
maximum for chromium, and
a 0.15% maximum for molybdenum. For grades up to and
including L360/X52, Cu,
Cr and Ni shall not be added intentionally.
b For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum
concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the
specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,
up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360
or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,
but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade
L485 or X70.
Unless otherwise agreed, the sum of the niobium and vanadium
c
contents shall be = 0.06%.
The sum of the niobium ,vanadium and titanium concentrations
d
shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes
Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb
Mpa(p
Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)
si)
min min min min
245(3
415(60 200) 28% 415 (60 200)
5 500)
For intermediate grades, the differencec between the specified
minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield
a
strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the
next higher grade.
For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength
b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for
the pipe body using footnote a)

API 5L 290 OR X 42

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a
SEAMLESS PIPE
C Mn P S V Nb Ti
maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.
0.28 1.30 - 0.030 0.030 d d d
WELDED PIPE
0.26 1.30 - 0.030 0.030 d d d
a 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%
maximum for chromium, and 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.
For grades up to and including L360/X52, Cu, Cr and Ni shall
not be added intentionally.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum
concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the
specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,
b up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360
or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,
but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade
L485 or X70.
The sum of the niobium ,vanadium and titanium concentrations
d
shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes
Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb
Mpa(p
Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)
si)
min min min min
290(4
415(60 200) c 415 (60 200)
2 100)
For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified
minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield
a
strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the
next higher grade.
For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength
b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for
the pipe body using footnote a)
The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent
and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be as determined using
c the following equation:

API 5L 390 OR X 56

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a
SEAMLESS PIPE
C Mn P S V Nb Ti
maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.
0.28 1.40 - 0.030 0.030 d d d
WELDED PIPE
0.26 1.40 - 0.030 0.030 d d d
0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%
maximum for chromium, and 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.
a
For grades up to and including L360/X52, Cu, Cr and Ni shall
not be added intentionally.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum
concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the
specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,
b up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360
or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,
but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade
L485 or X70.
The sum of the niobium ,vanadium and titanium concentrations
d
shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes
Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb
Mpa(p
Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)
si)
min min min min
390(5
490(71 100) c 490 (71 100)
6 600)
For intermediate grades, the differencec between the specified
minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield
a
strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the
next higher grade.
For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength
b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for
the pipe body using footnote a)
The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent
and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be as determined using
c the following equation:

API 5L 415 OR X60


CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a
SEAMLESS PIPE
C Mn P S V Nb Ti
maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.
0.28e 1.40e - 0.030 0.030 f f f
WELDED PIPE
0.26e 1.40e - 0.030 0.030 f f f
0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%
maximum for chromium, and 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.
a
For grades up to and including L360/X52, Cu, Cr and Ni shall
not be added intentionally.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum
concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the
specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,
b up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360
or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,
but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade
L485 or X70.
e Unless otherwise agreed.
Unless otherwise agreed, the sum of niobium, vanadium and
f
titanium concentrations shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes
Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb
Mpa(p
Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)
si)
min min min min
415(6
520(75 400) c 520 (75 400)
0 200)
For intermediate grades, the differencec between the specified
minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield
a
strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the
next higher grade.
For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength
b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for
the pipe body using footnote a)
c The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent
and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be as determined using
the following equation:
API 5L450 OR X65

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a
SEAMLESS PIPE
C Mn P S V Nb Ti
maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.
0.28e 1.40e - 0.030 0.030 f f f
WELDED PIPE
0.26 1.45e - 0.030 0.030 f f f
0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%
maximum for chromium, and 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.
a
For grades up to and including L360/X52, Cu, Cr and Ni shall
not be added intentionally.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum
concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the
specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,
b up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360
or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,
but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade
L485 or X70.
e Unless otherwise agreed.
Unless otherwise agreed, the sum of niobium, vanadium and
f
titanium concentrations shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes
Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb
Mpa(p
Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)
si)
min min min min
450(6
535(77 600) c 535 (77 600)
5 300)
For intermediate grades, the differencec between the specified
minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield
a
strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the
next higher grade.
For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength
b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for
the pipe body using footnote a)
The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent
and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be as determined using
c the following equation:

API 5L 485 OR X70

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis a
SEAMLESS PIPE
C Mn P S V Nb Ti
maxb max.b min. max. max. max. max. max.
0.28e 1.40e - 0.030 0.030 f f f
WELDED PIPE
0.26e 1.65e - 0.030 0.030 f f f
0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50% maximum for nickel, 0.50%
maximum for chromium, and 0.15% maximum for molybdenum.
a
For grades up to and including L360/X52, Cu, Cr and Ni shall
not be added intentionally.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum
concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the
specified maximum concentration for manganese is permissible,
b up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B, but = L360
or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52,
but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade
L485 or X70.
e Unless otherwise agreed.
Unless otherwise agreed, the sum of niobium, vanadium and
f
titanium concentrations shall be = 0.15%.

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
Weld seam of EW, SAW and COW pipes
Y.Sa T.Sa ELONGATION Tensile Strengthb
Mpa(p
Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi)
si)
min min min min
485(7
570(82 700) c 570 (82 700)
0 300)
For intermediate grades, the differencec between the specified
minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield
a
strength for the pipe body shall be as given in the table for the
next higher grade.
For Intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength
b for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determines for
the pipe body using footnote a)
The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent
and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be as determined using
c the following equation:

PSL2

API 5L 245 OR B

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis % CARBON
maximum EQUIVALENT a
% MAXIMUM
PIPE
Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb Ti Other CEIIW CEPcm
GRADE
SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES
L245R
0.24 0.40 1.2 0.03 0.02 c c 0.04 e 0.43 0.25
OR BR
L245Q
0.18 0.45 1.4 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.04 e 0.43 0.25
OR BQ
WELDED PIPE
L245M
0.22 0.45 1.2 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.04 e 0.43 0.25
OR BM
Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0 mm (0.787
in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed. The CELLW limits
a
apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater than 0.12% and the CEpcm
limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is less than or equal to 0.12%.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for carbon, an
b increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for manganese is
permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B
unless otherwise agreed, the sum of th niobium & vanadium
c
concentrations shall be = 0.06%
Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.30% maximum
e for nickel, 0.30% maximum for chromium, & 0.15% maximum for
molybdenum.
CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)
CEPcm C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes
Ratio Tensile strength
Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation
a,b,c d
Mpa(psi) Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)
min max min max max min min
245(
450e (65 415 (60 760 (110
35 0.93 f 415 (60 200)
300)e 200) 200)
500)
For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified maximum
yield strength and the specified minimum yield strength shall be as given in
the table for the next higher grade, and the difference between the specified
minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield strength shall be
as given in the table for the next higher grade. For intermediate grades lower
a
than Grade L555 orX80, the tensile strength shall be = 760 Mpa (110 200
psi). For intermediate grades higher than Grade L555 or X80, the maximum
permissible tensile strength shall be obtained by interpolation. For SI units,
the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For USC units,
the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 100 psi.
b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.
c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).
For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for the weld
d seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe body using
footnote a).
For pipe with D< 219,1 mm (8.625 in), the maximum yield strength shall be
e
= 495 Mpa (71 800 psi).
The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined using the
f following equation:

API 5L 290 OR X 42
CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis CARBON
% maximum EQUIVALENT a
% MAXIMUM
Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb Ti Other CEIIW CEPcm
SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES
0.24 0.4 1.2 0.03 0.02 0.06 0.05 0.04 e 0.43 0.25
0.18 0.45 1.4 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.04 e 0.43 0.25
WELDED PIPE
0.22 0.45 1.3 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.05 0.04 e 0.43 0.25
Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0 mm
(0.787 in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed. The
a CELLW limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater than
0.12% and the CEpcm limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is less
than or equal to 0.12%.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for
carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for
b
manganese is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades =
L245 or B
Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.30%
e
maximum for nickel, 0.30% maximum for chromium,
CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)
CEPcm C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes
Ratio Tensile
Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation
a,b,c strength d
Mpa(
Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)
psi)
min max min max max min min
290(4
495 (71 415 (60 760 (110
2 0.93 f 415 (60 200)
800) 200) 200)
100)
a For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified
maximum yield strength and the specified minimum yield strength
shall be as given in the table for the next higher grade, and the
difference between the specified minimum tensile strength and the
specified minimum yield strength shall be as given in the table for the
next higher grade. For intermediate grades lower than Grade L555
orX80, the tensile strength shall be = 760 Mpa (110 200 psi). For
intermediate grades higher than Grade L555 or X80, the maximum
permissible tensile strength shall be obtained by interpolation. For SI
units, the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For
USC units, the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 100
psi.
b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.
c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).
For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for
d the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe
body using footnote a).
The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined using
f the following equation:

API 5L 390 OR X 56

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis CARBON
% maximum EQUIVALENT a
% MAXIMUM
Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb Ti Other CEIIW CEPcm
SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES
0.10
0.24 0.45 1.4 0.03 0.02 0.05 0.04 d,e 0.43 0.25
f
0.18 0.45 1.5 0.03 0.02 0.07 0.05 0.04 d,e 0.43 0.25
WELDED PIPE
0.22 0.45 1.4 0.03 0.02 d d d e 0.43 0.25
Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0 mm
(0.787 in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed. The
a CELLW limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater than
0.12% and the CEpcm limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is less
than or equal to 0.12%.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for
carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for
b
manganese is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades =
L245 or B
the sum of the niobium & vanadium & titanium concentrations shall
d
be =0.15%
e Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.30%
maximum for nickel, 0.30% maximum for chromium, & 0.15%
maximum for molybdenum.
f Unless otherwise agreed
CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)
CEPcm C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes
Ratio Tensile
Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation
a,b,c strength d
Mpa(
Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)
psi)
min max min max max min min
390(5
545 (79 490 (71 760 (110
6 0.93 f 490 (71 100)
000) 100) 200)
600)
For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified
maximum yield strength and the specified minimum yield strength
shall be as given in the table for the next higher grade, and the
difference between the specified minimum tensile strength and the
specified minimum yield strength shall be as given in the table for the
next higher grade. For intermediate grades lower than Grade L555
a
orX80, the tensile strength shall be = 760 Mpa (110 200 psi). For
intermediate grades higher than Grade L555 or X80, the maximum
permissible tensile strength shall be obtained by interpolation. For SI
units, the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For
USC units, the calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 100
psi.
b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.
c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).
For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for
d the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe
body using footnote a).
The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined using
f the following equation:

API 5L 415 OR X60


CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis CARBON
% maximum EQUIVALENT a
% MAXIMUM
Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb Ti Other CEIIW CEPcm
SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES
0.10
0.24f 0.45f 1.4f 0.03 0.02 0.05f 0.04f g,h as agreed
f
0.18f 0.45f 1.7f 0.03 0.02 g g g h 0.43 0.25
WELDED PIPE
0.12f 0.45f 1.6f 0.03 0.02 g g g h 0.43 0.25
Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0 mm (0.787
in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed. The CELLW limits
a
apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater than 0.12% and the CEpcm
limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is less than or equal to 0.12%.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for carbon,
b an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for manganese is
permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades = L245 or B
f Unless otherwise agreed
Unless otherwise agreed the sum of the niobium, vanadium & titanium
g
concentrations shall be =0.15%
Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50%
h maximum for nickel, 0.50% maximum for chromium, & 0.50%
maximum for molybdenum.
CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)
CEPcm C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes
Ratio Tensile
Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation
a,b,c strength d
Mpa(
Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)
psi)
min max min max max min min
415(6
565 (81 520 (75 760 (110
0 0.93 f 520 (75 400)
900) 400) 200)
200)
a For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified maximum
yield strength and the specified minimum yield strength shall be as
given in the table for the next higher grade, and the difference between
the specified minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield
strength shall be as given in the table for the next higher grade. For
intermediate grades lower than Grade L555 orX80, the tensile strength
shall be = 760 Mpa (110 200 psi). For intermediate grades higher than
Grade L555 or X80, the maximum permissible tensile strength shall be
obtained by interpolation. For SI units, the calculated value shall be
rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For USC units, the calculated value shall
be rounded to the nearest 100 psi.
b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.
c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).
For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for the
d weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe body
using footnote a).
The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined using
f the following equation:

API 5L 450 OR X 65

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product analysis % maximum
Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb
SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES
0.18f 0.45f 1.7f 0.03 0.02 g g
WELDED PIPE
0.12f 0.45f 1.6f 0.03 0.02 g g
Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0
mm (0.787 in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed.
a The CELLW limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater
than 0.12% and the CEpcm limits apply if the carbon mass
fraction is less than or equal to 0.12%.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum
for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified
b
maximum for manganese is permissible, up to a maximum of
1.65% for grades = L245 or B
f Unless otherwise agreed
Unless otherwise agreed the sum of the niobium, vanadium &
g
titanium concentrations shall be =0.15%
Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50%
h maximum for nickel, 0.50% maximum for chromium, &
0.50% maximum for molybdenum.
CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)
C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+
CEPcm
(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes
Ratio Tensile
Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation
a,b,c strength d
Mpa(
Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)
psi)
min max min max max min min
450(6 760
600 (87 535 (77
5 (110 0.93 f 535 (77 600)
000) 600)
300) 200)
For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified
maximum yield strength and the specified minimum yield
strength shall be as given in the table for the next higher grade,
and the difference between the specified minimum tensile
strength and the specified minimum yield strength shall be as
given in the table for the next higher grade. For intermediate
a
grades lower than Grade L555 orX80, the tensile strength shall
be = 760 Mpa (110 200 psi). For intermediate grades higher than
Grade L555 or X80, the maximum permissible tensile strength
shall be obtained by interpolation. For SI units, the calculated
value shall be rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For USC units, the
calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 100 psi.
b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.
c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).
For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength
d for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for
the pipe body using footnote a).
The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined
f using the following equation:

API 5L 485 OR X70


CHEMICAL COMPOSITION
Mass fraction, based upon heat and product CARBON
analysis % maximum EQUIVALENT a
% MAXIMUM
Cb Si Mnb P S V Nb Ti Other CEIIW CEPcm
SEAMLESS & WELDED PIPES
0.18f 0.45f 1.8f 0.03 0.02 g g g h 0.43 0.25
WELDED PIPE
0.12f 0.45f 1.7f 0.03 0.02 g g g h 0.43f 0.25
Based upon product analysis. For seamless pipe with t>20.0
mm (0.787 in), the carbon equivalent limits shall be as agreed.
a The CELLW limits apply if the carbon mass fraction is greater
than 0.12% and the CEpcm limits apply if the carbon mass
fraction is less than or equal to 0.12%.
For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for
carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for
b
manganese is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for
grades = L245 or B
f Unless otherwise agreed
Unless otherwise agreed the sum of the niobium, vanadium &
g
titanium concentrations shall be =0.15%
Unless otherwise agreed, 0.50% maximum for copper, 0.50%
h maximum for nickel, 0.50% maximum for chromium, & 0.50%
maximum for molybdenum.
CEIIW C+(Mn/6)+(Cu+Ni/15)+(Cr+Mo+V/5)
C+(Si/30)+(Mn/20)+(Cu/20)+(Ni/60)+(Cr/20)+(Mo/15)+
CEPcm
(V/10)+5B

MECHANICAL REQUIREMENTS
weld seam of HFW, SAW and COW pipes
Ratio Tensile
Y.Sa T.Sa Elongation
a,b,c strength d
Mpa(
Mpa(psi) Af Mpa(psi)
psi)
min max min max max min min
485(7 760
635 (92 570 (82
0 (110 0.93 f 570 (82 700)
100) 700)
300) 200)
a For intermediate grades, the difference between the specified
maximum yield strength and the specified minimum yield
strength shall be as given in the table for the next higher grade,
and the difference between the specified minimum tensile
strength and the specified minimum yield strength shall be as
given in the table for the next higher grade. For intermediate
grades lower than Grade L555 orX80, the tensile strength shall
be = 760 Mpa (110 200 psi). For intermediate grades higher than
Grade L555 or X80, the maximum permissible tensile strength
shall be obtained by interpolation. For SI units, the calculated
value shall be rounded to the nearest 5 Mpa. For USC units, the
calculated value shall be rounded to the nearest 100 psi.
b For grades > L625 or X90, Rp0,2 applies.
c This limit applies for pipe with D > 323,9 mm (12.750 in).
For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength
d for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for
the pipe body using footnote a).
The specified munimum elongation, Af, shall be as determined
f using the following equation:

Specified
Full-size CVN absorbed energy,
outside
diameter minimum
D Kv
mm (in) J (ft.lbf)
Grade
= L415 > L415 > L450 > L485 > L555 > L625 > L690
or 0r X60 or X65 or X70 or X80 or X90 or X100
= L690
= L450 = L485 = L555 = L625 = L830
X60 or
or X65 or X70 or X80 or X90 or X120
X100
=508 (20.
27 (20) 27 (20) 27 (20) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30)
000)
>508
(20.000) 27 (20) 27 (20) 27 (20) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30)
to
=762
(30.000)
>762
(30.000) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 54 (40) 54 (40)
to
=914
(36.000)
>914
(36.000) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 40 (30) 54 (40) 68 (50)
to
=1 219
(48.000)
>1 219
(48.000) 40 (30) 54 (40) 54 (40) 54 (40) 54 (40) 68 (50) 81 (60)
to
=1 422
(56.000)
>1 422
108
(56.000) 40 (30) 54 (40) 68 (50) 68 (50) 81 (60) 95 (70)
(80)
to
=2134
(84.000)
9.8.3 Pipe weld and HAZ tests
The minimum average (of a set of three test pieces) absorbed energy for
each pipe weld and HAZ test, based upon full-size test pieces and a test
temperature of 0 °C (32 °F), or if agreed a lower test temperature, shall
be
a) 27 J (20 ft.lbf) for pipe with D < 1 422 mm (56.000in) in grades =
L555 or X80;
b) 40 J (30 ft.lbf) for pipe with D = 1 422 mm (56.000 in);
c) 40 J (30 ft.lbf) for pipe in grades > L555 or X80.
NOTE :The HAZ of the longitudinal seam weld in HFW welded pipe
is usually too narrow to permit accurate sampling for Charpy testing.
The requirement for Charpy testing of the seam weld HAZ applies only
to SAWL/SAWH and COWL/COWH pipe