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Oral / Poster Advanced Materials World Congress 2017

www.vbripress.com/amwc17, DOI: 10.5185/amwc.2017 Published online by the VBRI Press in 2017

Synthesis and characterization of NiO


nanostructures formed by anodization
sonoelectrochemical. Its application as
non-enzymatic glucose sensor
Cristopher Heyser1*, Ricardo Schrebler1, Paula Grez1
1
Laboratorio Electroquímica, Instituto de Química, Facultad de Ciencia, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso,
Valparaíso, 2373223, Chile.

*Corresponding author. Cristopher Heyser Tel: (+56) 322274993; E-mail: cristopher. heyser.v@gmail.com

Table of contents

Abstract
The electrochemical determination of glucose concentration through the use of a non-enzymatic system is a priority
purposes in recent decades. For this reason, many researchers have focused their studies on the development of sensors of
this nature. For this purpose, they have proposed the use of new materials such as metals and metal oxides [1, 2]. In this
context, we conducted a study of the synthesis and characterization of the electrical and morphological properties of
nickel oxide (II) type - p (p-NiO), all this in order to evaluate it as a possible nonenzymatic sensor glucose molecule.
Despite the above, the nickel oxide has a low diffusion rate of charge carriers. Therefore, new synthesis routes leading to
a nanostructured oxide is required, so that the photogenerated electrons are accumulated in the vicinity of the surface.
This is to facilitate the transfer process of charge per on the recombination. This report shows the results concerning the
preparation sonoelectrochemical of NiO nanostructures (NN). Nanostructured NiO layers have been electrochemically
grown by ultrasound-assisted anodization of nickel foils (Advent, 99.0%, 0.1 mm) at a potential of 50 V in ethylene
glycol (EG; 99.8%, anhydrous), ammonium fluoride (0.5 wt% NH 4F) and wt 5.0% DI water. The anodization
experiments were carried out using ultrasonic waves (37 kHz, 60 W) and were carried out for 300 s at different
temperatures. The above process was carried out using a two-electrode system (flag shaped 1.0 cm 2 Ni foil as anode and
carbon plate, 22.55 cm2 as cathode; the distance between cathode and anode was kept at 3 cm). Two different nickel
substrates have been assayed, i.e.: (i) bare nickel foils, and pre-treated nickel substrates by anodic polarization for 2 hours
in a 0.1 M KX (X = F - o Cl-) in aqueous solution at -0.18 V. The resulting NiO nanostructures (NN) will then be named

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Oral / Poster Advanced Materials World Congress 2017

as: NN(w/o) and NN (−0.18 V), respectively. The electrochemical pretreatment process of nickel substrates was carried
out using a conventional electrochemical cell with a three-electrode arrangement. As a reference electrode, an Hg/Hg 2SO4
(SME, 0.650 V vs. NHE) has been used, and a platinum spiral and a nickel sheet of 1.0 cm 2 constituted the counter and
working electrode, respectively. The anodized samples are properly washed with distilled water, to remove the occluded
ions, and dried in a furnace. Moreover, nanostructured NiO layers obtained were analyzed morphologically by atomic
force microscopy (AFM), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS).
The results obtained for nickel oxide as a non-enzymatic glucose sensor are preliminary and are being analyzed by
authors.

Keywords: Nickel Oxide; Nanostructured; Sonoelectrochemical; Glucose Sensor.

Copyright © 2017 VBRI Press


Oral / Poster Advanced Materials World Congress 2017

Acknowledgements
The authors, specially Dr. Cristopher Heyser, gratefully acknowledge the
financial support of FONDECYT postdoc project No. 3160474, 2016 and
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso for being the sponsoring
institution for this project.

Reference (Not more than 5, please follow the below reference style if any).

1. K. Toghill, R. Compton, International Journal Electrochemical Science,


2010, 5, 1246 – 1301.
2. S. Park, H. Boo, T. Dong Chung, Analytical Chimica Acta, 2006, 556, 46 –
57.

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