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K ABDUL AJEEJ

17MST0002
FINITE ELEMENT LABORATORY
EXERCISE 5
Q) Analyse FRAME using Abaqus.

Material properties:
Material : Steel
Modulus of Elasticity : 200000 MPa
Poisson’s Ratio : 0.3

Cross Section (circular) : Radius of 50 mm

Conditions : pinned supports at ends.


Procedure:
Step (1): Creating Part
Create the geometry of the Truss using Deformable 2D Solid features.
1. In the Module list, go to the Part Module.
2. Select Part › Create.
Choose the modelling space, type, base feature & approximate size,
then click continue.
Fig: Creating the Part of the model frame.
Step (2): Creating Material:
1. Go to Property under module list.
2. Select Material › Create to create new material.
Name the material and give elasticity details under mechanical properties.
Step (3): Defining & Assigning Section Properties
1. From main menu bar, select Section › Create.
2. In the dialogue box, give the name, category (solid) & type
(homogeneous), then hit continue.
3. In the Edit Section dialogue box, give proper input and click OK.
4. From main menu bar, select Assign › Section.
5. Select the beam and click Done.
6. Accept the section and click OK.
7. Create a profile for the section of required shapes in profile section.
Step (4): Assembling The Model
1. In Module list, go to Assembly.
2. Select Instance › Create.
Select the created beam and hit OK
Step (5): Defining Analysis Steps
1. In Module list go to Step.
2. Usually there will be two steps:
• An initial step where one constrains the ends and gives boundary
conditions.
• A general, static analysis step where the load is applied to the beam.
The initial step will be created automatically but not the analysis step.
• Go to Module › Step.
• Select Step › Create.
• Name the step, select Static, General click Continue.

Step (6): Applying Boundary Condition & Loads


1. In Module list, got to Load module.
2. Select BC › Create
3. In the Create Boundary Condition dialog box, name the boundary
condition and then select initial as the step.
4. In the Category list, accept Mechanical as default category
selection.
5. In the Type for Selected Step list, accept
Symmetry/Antisymmetry/Encastre as the default type selection and click
Continue.
6. Apply required boundary conditions at the supports from BC ›
Manager.
7. Select Load › Create.
8. From the Create Load dialog box, select appropriate loads and give
the user-defined step as the load step.
9. In the Category list, accept Mechanical as default category selection
and select the desired toad Type.
10. Enter the amplitude and select the section where load is to be
applied.
Fig: Loads and Boundary conditions of the model Frame.

Step (7): Meshing the Model


1. Go to Module › Mesh.
2. Select the Element Shape from Mesh › Controls.
3. From main menu bar select Seed › Instance and give desired
element size and take the number as 1.
4. Go to Assign Element Type and give Truss as element
5. Go to Mesh › Instance and mesh the truss.

Fig: Meshing the model frame


Step (8): Job Creation
1. Create the job for analysing.
2. Submit the job for analysis.

Step (9): Results


(a) Stress Variation: VON MISES Stresses are considered for the set of
nodes along the length of frame.

Fig: Von Mises Stresses at selected nodes of the frame.

(b) Moments: Sectional moments are considered for the set of nodes
along the length of frame.

Fig: Moment Variation at selected nodes of the frame.


Fig: Moment Variation Graph at selected nodes of the frame.

(d)Displacements:

Fig: Displacements at the selected nodes of the frame.


RESULTS:
S.NO. OBSERVATIONS
1 Maximum stress 11.87 N/m2
2 Maximum moment 6.445 N-m
3 Maximum Displacement 2.387*10-5 m