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Wastewater Treatment

by
V. C. Kumar, Executive Engineer
Demand and Supply
Year Population Demand in Supply in Shortage
MLD MLD in MLD

2001 53.79 870 540 330


2010 75.00 1125 900 225
2015 88.00 1500 1470 30
2021 100.00 1800 1470 330
2036 125.00 2500 1470 1030
Wastewater Generation
There are three major valleys in Bangalore

Name of the Valley Area in Sq. Kms Flow in the


valley in MLD
Vrishabhavathi 89.08 500
Koramangala and 97.91 400
Challaghatta
Hebbal 53.45 100
Locations of existing STP`s

Yelahanka TTP

Nagasandra STP Jakkur STP

Hebbal STP Rajacanal STP

KR Puram STP

Kadabeesanahalli STP
V Valley STP & TTP

Mylasandra STP K & C Valley STP

Kempambudhi STP
Madiwala STP
Wastewater Treatment Plants
Sl. Capacity in
Location Treatment Facility
No. MLD
1. Vrishabhavathi Valley 180 Secondary – Trickling filters
Secondary: Activated sludge
2. K & C Valley 248
process
Secondary: Activated sludge
3. Hebbal Valley 60
process
Secondary: UASB + oxidation
4. Madivala 04
ponds+ constructed wetlands
5. Kempambudhi 01 Secondary: extended Aeration
Activated sludge process +
6. Yelahanka 10
filtration+ chlorination (Tertiary)
Wastewater Treatment Plants
Sl. Capacity
Location Treatment Facility
No. in MLD

7. Mylasandra 75 Secondary – Extended aeration


Secondary -Extended aeration
8. Nagasandra 20

9. Jakkur 10 Secondary – UASB +Extended aeration


10. K. R. Puram 20 Secondary – UASB +Extended aeration
Secondary-Extended aeration
11. Kadabeesanahalli 50

Secondary- Extended aeration


12. Rajacanal 40

13. Cubbon Park 1.5 Membrane


Extended Aeration + Plate Settlers + UV
14. Lalbagh 1.5 disinfection

Grand Total 721


Recycle and Reuse
Bangalore Water Supply and Sewerage Board
has established 4 Tertiary treatment plants for
the recycle and reuse of wastewater.
1) V. Valley – 60 MLD capacity
2) Yelahanka – 10 MLD Capacity
3) Cubbon Park – 1.50 MLD Capacity
4) Lal Bagh – 1.50 MLD Capacity
V Valley Tertiary Treatment plant

V. Valley Tertiary Treatment plant ( Trickling filter followed by


Densadeg and Flopac & disinfection by Chlorination)
Capacity 60 MLD
Wastewater characteristics at V Valley TTP

Parameter Treated
Design Actual
pH 7.1
S S in mg/ L < 5.00 3.40
BOD in mg/ L < 5.00 3.00
COD in mg/ L 16.60
V Valley Tertiary Treatment plant
V Valley Tertiary Treatment plant

Chlorination Tank
V Valley Tertiary Treatment plant

 Biggest in India
 Proposed to supply treated water to Bidadi
Power Plant
 Water is supplied to Arvind Mills and other
industries for non – potable uses
 Production cost – Rs.10 to 12 per KL
 Water is charged at
 Rs.15 per KL if it is supplied at the plant site
 Rs. 25 per KL if it is supplied through pipeline
 Conserves water
Yelahanka Tertiary Treatment Plant

Aeration Tank

Conventional ASP followed with filtration


by Chlorination
Capacity 10 MLD
Wastewater characteristics at Yelahanka
TTP

Parameter Raw Treated


Design Actual Design Actual
pH 5.5 - 9 6.50 7-8 7.70
S S in mg/ L 480.00 397.00 < 5.00 3.50
BOD in mg/ L 380.00 344.00 < 5.00 3.97
COD in mg/ L 836.00 1097.0 < 250 53.00
Yelahanka Tertiary Treatment plant

 Supplied to International Airport, BEL,


Rail Wheel Factory, ITC, IAF and other
industries

 Revenue of about Rs.18.00 Lakhs is


generated per month.
Cubbon Park
(Membrane Process)
Cubbon Park
Parameter Unit Influent Effluent Actual
pH - 6.8 – 8.0 6.5 – 8.0 7.2
BOD Mg/L 330 <4 <2
TSS Mg/L 450 <3 <1
Turbidity NTU - <2 0.05
Fecal MPN/ nil BDL BDL
Coliform 100 mL
Coliform MPN/ 109 – 1010 2.3 BDL
Index 100 mL

Treated water is supplied to Land Scape irrigation of Cubbon


Park. Revenue from the supply is Rs.6,75,000/- per Month
Lalbagh Park (Extended
Aeration Process)

Treated water is supplied to Land Scape irrigation of Lal Bagh.


Revenue from the supply is Rs.6,75,000/- per Month
Quality of treated wastewater

Raw Sewage Treated wastewater


Rain Water
Harvesting
 RWH is made mandatory
 About 1010 plumbers have been trained
 33 workshops were conducted
 Help desk created
 Road shows and Beedi nataka were arranged
 RWH adopted in Board offices
 RWH adopted in important Government Offices
 RWH adopted in Old buildings
 Theme park will be inaugurated in March
Initiatives

 Treated water is being supplied for non


potable uses
 SCADA operated Tertiary Treatment Plants
 Proposal has been made for On line
Monitoring
 All the seven STP’s are going to be upgraded
to Tertiary level
 Proposal for Indirect potable usage has been
made
Package STP locations Proposed Initial Recommended Estimated
Capacity Treatment cost in Rs.
(MLD) Process Million
Raja Canal 40 EA 448

Horamavu Agara 20 SBR 224

S1a Kachohalli 3 MBRs 34


Kadugodi 6 SBRs 67
Nagasandra 20 SBR 422
Chikkabanvara 5 SBR
S1b Kengeri 60 AS without PG 792
S1c
K & C Valley 60 AS with PG 1558
S1d Bellandur
90 AS without PG 1110
Amanikere
Doddabele 20 SBR 224
S1e Yelemallappa
15 SBR 204
Chetty
Total 339 5083