Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 7

Worked Examples for

-LJVDQG¿[WXUHV

WE.1 INCLINED DRILLING JIG WITH INDEXING (CHAPTER 4)


This is a typical example of drilling four holes which are equi-spaced in an inclined
fashion involving indexing. The inclination of the drill is 20° to the horizontal.
The component has a central hole of diameter 25 mm, which could be used for
locating and restraining translation in the two axes. However, rotation of the
component needs to be restrained. Making a hole of 6 mm diameter, eccentric to
the centre line of the component, does this. Another locating pin is introduced at
the indexing plate, which will act as a constraint in the rotation of the component.
The jig is designed to be of welded frame. Clamping is done at one end with a
screw-type clamp mounted on a welded frame. The indexing pin provides the
ORFNLQJDUUDQJHPHQWRIWKHLQGH[SODWHDJDLQVWURWDWLRQ7KHLQGH[SODWHLV¿[HGRQ
a pin, which revolves about a gunmetal bush bearing allowing for 360° rotation.
The component is shown in Fig. WE.1.1. Figures WE.1.2 and WE.1.3 show the
front and top views of the indexing jig.

Fig. WE.1.1 Component for Inclined Drilling Requiring Indexing

Design of Jigs, Fixtures and Press Tools, First Edition. K. Venkataraman.


© K. Venkataraman 2015. Published by Athena Academic Ltd and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
WE.2 Design of Jigs, Fixtures and Press Tools

Fig. WE.1.2 Indexing Jig for Inclined Drilling (Front View)

Fig. WE.1.3 Indexing Jig for Inclined Drilling (Top View)

WE.2 BOX JIG (CHAPTER 4)


Problem:'HVLJQDER[MLJIRUDSLSHHOERZKDYLQJÀDQJHVDWWKHWZRHQGVZKLFK
DUHRUWKRJRQDO7KHMLJLVLQWHQGHGIRUGULOOLQJKROHVDWWKHWZRIDFHVRIWKHÀDQJHV
four in one side and two in the other.
Solution: The drilling jig designed has the following salient features:
1. A nested locator at the box jig to locate as well as to support the curved portion
of the elbow. Material: Wear-resistant cast steel.
2. The jig has two conical locators at the two orthogonal sides to locate the bore as
well as to clamp the component. Material: High-tensile steel.
3. It has a latch which rests on the machined surface of the box jig which has
cut-out recess machined to the required accuracy and tolerance.
4. The body of the jig is of cast steel material with proper footing on two of
its sides to facilitate transfer of downward thrust.
Worked Examples for Jigs and fixtures WE.3

5. 7KH EXVKHV DUH RI ¿[HG W\SH ZLWK FROODUV 0DWHULDO +LJKFDUERQ VWHHO
heat-treated to 60-Rc.

Fig. WE.2.1 Pipe Elbow with Flanges Requiring Holes to be Drilled (Component)

Fig. WE.2.2 Front View (Wire Frame


Model) of the Box Jig Designed for
Drilling Flanges of a Pipeline Elbow

Fig. WE.2.4 Exploded View of the Box


Jig Designed for Drilling holes in the
Two Flanges
Fig. WE.2.3 Solid Model of the Box Jig
WE.4 Design of Jigs, Fixtures and Press Tools

WE.3 INDEXING MILLING FIXTURE (CHAPTER 5)


The chosen component has two sets of slots to be milled at an angular difference
RIƒ+HQFHDQLQGH[LQJPLOOLQJ¿[WXUHLVGHVLJQHGWRPHHWWKHUHTXLUHPHQWV
7KH ¿[WXUH KDV DQ LQGH[LQJ SODWH ZKLFK UHYROYHV DERXW LWV VSLQGOH 5RWDWLRQ RI
the index plate spindle is designed to take place over a cylindrical bush made of
wear-resistant material like brass. Two sets of sliding ‘V’ clamps, consisting of
two nos., each, are provided to clamp the component as well the index plate during
the milling operations. Indexing mechanism consisting of indexing pin, cylinder,
spring and a knob, is provided to carry out the indexing operation. Setting block
made of hardened steel and a pair of tenons are also provided. Rotation of the
index plate will be 90° to-and-fro and will not be for complete revolution.

Fig. WE.3.1 Indexing Milling Fixture


Worked Examples for Jigs and fixtures WE.5

WE.4 STRING MILLING FIXTURE (CHAPTER 5)


7KLVH[DPSOHLVDGHVLJQRIDVWULQJPLOOLQJ¿[WXUHIRUPLOOLQJNH\ZD\VLQWZR
shafts. The milling operation is assumed to take place in a vertical milling machine
ZLWKDYHUWLFDOO\SRVLWLRQHGFXWWHU7KH¿[WXUHKDVDQHTXDOL]LQJFODPSWRKROGWKH
two shafts together. The shafts are located by means of locating pins positioned
at the end. These locating pins not only assist in correct location, but also resist
the thrust developed due to the cutting operation. Setting block and tenons are
SURYLGHGWRSRVLWLRQWKHFXWWHULQUHODWLRQWRWKHFRPSRQHQWDQGWRORFDWHWKH¿[WXUH
accurately in relation to the table/feed.

Fig. WE.4.1 String Milling Fixture (for Keyway Milling of Two Shafts)

WE.5 EXTERNAL BROACHING FIXTURE (CHAPTER 6)


External broaching is not very common, as the machining of slots externally can be
performed through either milling or slotting machines. However, for the purpose
of illustration, an example is shown. Figure WE.5.1 shows the component and
)LJ:(LOOXVWUDWHVWKH¿[WXUHWKDWFDQEHGHVLJQHGIRUWKHEURDFKLQJRSHUDWLRQ
WE.6 Design of Jigs, Fixtures and Press Tools

Fig. WE.5.1 Component for External Broaching

Fig. WE.5.2 External Broaching Fixture


Worked Examples for Jigs and fixtures WE.7

WE.6 BORING FIXTURE (CHAPTER 6)


,QWKLVH[DPSOHWKHGHVLJQRIDERULQJ¿[WXUHIRUERULQJDFRPSRQHQWLVVKRZQ
)LJ:( 7KH¿[WXUHKDVDSUR¿OHGORFDWRUDVZHOODVDORFDWRUSLQ&ODPSLQJ
LV GRQH E\ D VFUHZ 0 WKDW ZLOO ¿UPO\ KROG WKH FRPSRQHQW 6SULQJ ZDVKHU LV
SURYLGHGDWWKHFODPSLQJVFUHZ7KHSUR¿OHGORFDWRULVLQWKHIRUPRIDEUDFNHW
VFUHZHGWRWKHEDVHSODWHRIWKH¿[WXUHE\PHDQVRIFRXQWHUVXQNVFUHZV6LPLODUO\
WKHEDVHSODWHRIWKH¿[WXUHLVDOVRIDVWHQHGWRWKHIDFHSODWHRIWKHODWKH

Fig. WE.6.1 Component for Boring Operation

Fig WE.6.2 Boring Fixture

‰‰‰

Похожие интересы