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They refine their ideas through exploring their environment actively and through
interacting and communicating with adults and with other children.
2. Much of this happens through play and other experiences that allow children to be
creative, to take risks, and to make discoveries.
3. In early childhood, most children develop physically and cognitively through
exploring their environment, though some have disabilities that make this more
difficult to achieve.
4. Semua aktiviti dilakukan secara meneroka melalui penggunaan semua deria
termasuk deria rasa. Mereka amat suka meneroka dengan menyentuh semua
barang dalam persekitarannya. (Aminah Ayob et al. 2008).
5. Mengikut Teori Psikososial Erikson, kanak-kanak ini akan mula berupaya menerokai
persekitaran dan mencipta aktiviti sendiri
6. persekitaran yang membolehkan kanak-kanak berinteraksi dan meneroka alat fizikal
mereka. Kanak-kanak perlu didedahkan dengan bahanbahan dan persekitaran yang
dapat meransang naluri ingin tahu mereka. semakin banyak penerokaan yang
dilakukan sama ada dengan mendengar, melihat, sentuhan, rasa dan bau, maka
semakin meningkat minat dan keinginan mereka mencari penjelasan di samping
memperkembangkan bahasa.
7. Perkataan biasanya didahului dengan gambaran mental yang dibentuk melalui
pengalaman kanak-kanak itu berinteraksi dengan bahanbahan disekeliling mereka
yang mana aktiviti sains akan membantu kanakkanak dalam aspek ini.
8. mereka belajar untuk menjadi lebih berani dan berdikari
9. The learning environments are sophisticated and designed to stretch children’s
minds, encouraging them
10. When children learn by doing and experimenting they retain what they learn in a
uniquely accessible way.
11. Explored their senses
- o Smell — The coffee beans gave off a unique scent, which most of the children
enjoyed. A few thought it smelled “extra stinky” though.
o Sight — Looking at the different colors and shapes of the beans, the play dough,
and the fake flowers
o Hearing — The beans made a fun sound as they cascaded through the children’s
o Touch — Each item in the sensory bin had a different texture to it, which some of
the kids commented on.
o Taste — Thank goodness they decided against eating a coffee bean. I just don’t
think they would have cared for the taste!
12. Worked on their math skills
- o They compared sizes with the larger coffee beans and the smaller black beans.
o They discussed more and less while scooping handfuls of the beans.
o They counted as they added beans to the play dough.
13. Used their fine motor skills
- o Placing the beans into the play dough required the children to use their pincer
grasp, which is helpful in developing the muscles required for writing.
o Kneading and playing with the play dough gave the kids a chance to strengthen the
muscles in their hands.
14. Developed their language and conversation skills
15. allows students to engage in kinesthetic learning. Studies have shown that
kinesthetic learning, where a student carries out physical activities rather than
listening to a lecture, is the most popular type of learning with students - 'doing'
helps them to gain a better understanding of the material
16. It allows students to experiment with trial and error, learn from their mistakes, and
understand the potential gaps between theory and practice.
17. And most important, it provides educators with a unique opportunity to enrich the
minds of their students in new and engaging ways.
18. Critical thinking skills are enhanced during such science activities. Kids can ask the
why, how, and what questions. Even better, they can help answer the questions
themselves. They can learn the scientific process along the way!
19. Hands-on learning activities in high-quality preschools allow children to learn by
touching, moving, listening, and talking. This activates multiple areas of the brain for
reinforced learning
20. Plus, hands-on activities encourage children to polish their fine motor skills, follow
directions, and become self-motivated learners.
21. Hands-on learning allows students to directly take on board and understand what is
happening, or how to do something
22. Physical Development
- Children will be given the tools to develop and practice fine motor skills and eye
hand coordination. Activities such as stacking, pouring and spooning will develop
eye-hand coordination. Practicing cutting, writing in shaving cream and using tongs
will develop fine motor skills. Hands-on activities will provide opportunities for
children to compare textures such as smooth, rough, hard and soft. While respecting
each other's personal space, children will gain an understanding of their own body
23. Communication and Language Development
- During messy play, children will be given many opportunities to speak and listen.
They will use words and gestures to share resources, explain actions, negotiate plans
and take turns. Teacher and caregiver will ask open ended questions to encourage
thinking skills. The use of letters in the activities, leads to understanding the
symbolic nature of written language.
24. Personal, Emotional and Social Development
- Messy Play is designed with children's natural curiosity in mind. It encourages a
positive approach to new experiences. There is no "right" way for children to do
messy play. This builds self-confidence and self-esteem. Through messy play,
children can develop concentration, problem-solving and planning. Working with
others fosters self-respect and respect for others. It also presents opportunities for
making relationships. Messy play can offer an outlet for feelings, experiences and
25. Intellectual Development

- Children will investigate, explore, design and create leading to a better understanding of
the world around them. Children will learn to group and classify, arrange items in a logical
order, identify and match and understand cause and effect. As they observe, predict, try out
solutions, observe the results, and evaluate information they gain a greater understanding
of the scientific method.
26. Mathematical Development
- Messy play offers many opportunities for counting, calculating and measurement.
The children will sort objects, fill containers and create patterns. Numbers will be
involved in many activities providing opportunities to understand their symbolic
27. Creative Development

- Children are given endless opportunities with a variety of materials to build imagination
and creativity. Through sensory experiences, they are able to respond to what they see,
hear, feel, touch and smell. They will express their feelings and thoughts through color,
texture, shapes and forms in two and three dimensions.


A. meningkatkan minat kanak-kanak untuk melibatkan diri dalam aktiviti pengajaran

dan pembelajaran. Hal ini demikian kerana konsep pembelajaran melalui 3E
memberi peluang kepada kanak-kanak untuk melakukan aktiviti hands on
B. mengcungkil bakat murid melalui konsep pembelajaran 3E.
C. dapat mengetahui kecenderungan kanak-kanak
D. meningkatkan daya ingatan kanak-kanak
E. memudahkan kanak-kanak untuk memahami apa yang dipelajari dengan lebih
F. kanak-kanak dapat memindahkan pengalaman yang dipelajari dalam situasi
kehidupan yang bersesuaian
G. kanak-kanak dapat menambahkan pengalaman baru melalui aktiviti yang dijalankan
H. meningkatkan sifat ingin tahu kanak-kanak
I. aktiviti hands on meningkatkan kemahiran proses sains seperti kemahiran
memerhati, meramal.
J. Melibatkan kanak-kanak secara aktif melalui interaksi
K. Merangsang idea inovasi kanak-kanak