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3.

0 Electric Current
Worksheet 1

1. The equation which relates the electrical 4. Estimate the drift velocity of free
conductivity σ of the material of a electrons in a copper wire of diameter 1
conductor with other quantities is σ = mm carrying a current of 5 A. The
𝑛𝑒 2 𝑡 number of free electrons per m3 in
𝑚
where n, e and m are symbols which
copper at room temperature is about
carry the usual meaning t in the
1x1029.
equations represents
A. 4.0 x 10-4 ms-1
A. The thickness of the conductor
B. 5.0 x 10-4 ms-1
B. The mean distance between
C. 6.0 x 10-4 ms-1
adjacent atoms in the conductor
D. 7.0 x 10-4 ms-1
C. The mean time between the
collisions of free electrons with
5. The resistance of a piece of pure silicon
lattice ions
decreases rapidly with increasing
D. The mean time for a free electron,
temperature because
to move from one end to the other
A. The charge carriers move rapidly.
end of the conductor
B. The number of charge carriers
increases.
2. A bulb lights up almost immediately
C. The ratio of negative charge carriers
when the switch is closed although the
to positive charge carriers increases.
drift velocity of the electrons in the
D. The ratio of positive charge carriers
circuit is low. This occurs because
to negative charge carriers
A. the resistance of the wire is very low
increases.
B. the random velocity of the electrons
is high
6. A collimated electron beam in a cathode
C. the density of free electrons is
ray tube has a cross sectional area of 50
constant
mm2 and a current density of 1.2 A m-2. If
D. all the free electrons drift
the electrons in the beam move with
simultaneously in the circuit
average speed of 2.0 x 107 ms-1 through a
distance of 0.30 m between the two
3. Which graph does not show the correct
electrodes in the tube, what is the
relationship between resistivity ρ and
number of electrons in the beam at any
thermodynamic temperature T of the
instant?
stated substance?
A. 5.6 x 106
B. 1.9 x 106
C. 3.8 x 106
D. 3.5 x 106

7. Current I flows through wire X with


the charge carriers moving with drift
velocity v. What is the velocity of the
charge carriers if the current I flows
through another wire of the same
material but with its radius doubled
that of the radius of the first wire?
A. v
3.0 Electric Current
Worksheet 1
1 𝑉
B. 2
v D. 𝑛𝑒ρ𝑙
1
C. 4
v
D. 2v 11. A wire of uniform cross-sectional area
has resistance R. The wire is stretched
8. A conductor with cross sectional area so that its length is increased by 10%.
6.0 x 10-6 m2 carries an electric Assuming that the wire becomes
current 5.0 A, and the drift velocity of thinner uniformly, what is the new
free electrons is 1.4 x 10-4 ms-1. What resistance of the wire?
is the number of free electrons per A. ne
unit volume in the conductor? B. nevA
A. 5.2 x 1028 m-3 C. nev
B. 5.2 x 1030 m-3 D. nevE
C. 3.7 x 1028 m-3
D. 3.7 x 1028 m-3 12. The resistivity of a semiconductor
decreases when temperature
9. The figure shows a graph of ln σ increases because
1 A. The drift velocity of the charge
against 𝑇
for a semiconductor which
carriers increases
has conductivity σ at temperature T. If
B. The energy of the charge carriers
a and b are positive constants, which
increases
of the following relationships is
C. The number of charge carriers per
correct?
unit volume increases
D. The rate of collision between the
charge carriers and atoms increases

13. When electrical conduction is


compared with heat, the electrical
analogy for the rate of heat flow is
𝑎
A. The drift velocity of the charge
A. σ = b𝑒 −𝑇 carriers
𝑎
B. σ = b𝑒 𝑇 B. The power dissipated
𝑎 C. The electrical conductivity
C. σ = -b𝑒 −𝑇
D. The electric current
D. σ = b𝑒 −𝑎𝑇

10. A potential difference V is applied


across a wire of length l and resistivity
ρ. If the wire has n free electrons per
unit volume, the drift velocity of the
free electrons in the wire can be
expressed as
𝑛𝑒𝜌
A.
𝑉𝑙
𝑉𝜌
B. 𝑛𝑒𝑙
𝜌
C. 𝑛𝑒𝑉
3.0 Electric Current
Worksheet 1