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Solved by …..

Ahmed saad abd elhamid

Level 3

1

Project.1

Find the unknown parametres ( diameter, discharge, F , K) in the given pipeline shown in

figure. All pipes are new cast iron with the following available data. Pipe J 2X is designed to

develop maximum power at the end X. Find also the nozzel diametr at X. The elevation of

pipe at T = (72.00) and pressure head of 30m and elevation at X= (48.00). if the elevation at

H = (43.00) Find the pressur at H. Calculate the pump head hence calculate the pump HP

in KW

2

Project.1

Firstly …

I will start with the final loop (RSTU)

I will assume the Q and then get

The velocity by

V=Q/A

Then get Re number

Re=(V*D)/v

And from mody chart we get the friction

factor F .

Then get K

K=8FL/G(D^5)(𝜋^2)

To make iteration in this table

3

Project.1

PIPE Q D A V RE MODY F K K*Q K*Q^2 KQ L KQQ NQ

RS 0.35 0.3 0.07875 4.444444 1333333 0.008667 0.031 635.3086 222.358 77.82531 238.4015 600 79.49998 -0.16674

ST 0.05 0.3 0.07875 0.634921 190476.2 0.008667 0.032 437.2016 21.86008 1.093004 400

RT -0.1 0.5 0.19625 -0.50955 -254777 0.0052 0.03 58.1664 -5.81664 0.581664 730

0

RT 0.1 0.5 0.19625 0.509554 254777.1 0.0052 0.03 58.1664 5.81664 0.581664 -3184.5 730 214.566 0.033689

RU -0.15 0.2 0.0314 -4.77707 -955414 0.013 0.035 3631.25 -544.688 81.70313 400

UT -0.05 0.2 0.0314 -1.59236 -318471 0.013 0.34 52912.5 -2645.63 132.2813 600

Another iteration

DY ^2

RS 0.19 0.3 0.07 2.41 723 0.00 0.03 717. 136. 25.8 75.6 600 35.0 -

875 269 809. 866 5 284 284 939 377 952 0.23

8 5 7 5 7 7 2

ST - 0.3 0.07 - - 0.00 0.03 423. - 5.12 400

0.11 875 1.39 419 866 1 539 46.5 482

683 048 7 1 893 3

RT - 0.5 0.19 - - 0.00 0.02 48.4 - 4.07 730

0.29 625 1.47 738 52 5 72 14.0 649

771 854 569 5

0

RT 0.29 0.5 0.19 1.47 738 0.00 0.02 48.4 14.0 4.07 - 730 79.7 0.02

625 770 853. 52 5 72 568 649 165 725 411

7 5 8 5 4.24 1

RU - 0.2 0.03 - - 0.01 0.03 352 - 50.7 400

0.12 14 3.82 764 3 4 7.5 423. 96

166 331 3

UT - 0.2 0.03 - - 0.01 0.04 622 - 24.9 600

0.02 14 0.63 127 3 50 124

694 389 5

4

Project.1

head at point T and we have K of J2R

Q=.6 cms V=1.9 m/s Re =1.1*10^6

K=20.4

so we can get the head at point J by

this equation

Hj = Ht +KQ^2(J2R)+KQ^2(RT)

Hj = 102 +7.35+4.07=113.42m

We have ahead of point D =100 m

So H(loss between J2 and D) =Hj2 – Hd

Hl = 113.42-100=13.42 m

When Hl =(F *L* V^2)/(D * 2 *g)

5

Project.1

We assume the flow is fully turbulent so

F=.017

V=((H*D*2*g)/(F*L))^.5 =2.35 m/s

Then

Re =1.4 *10^6 F =.019

V = 2.24 m/s

Q =A* V =.706 cms

The pipe (J2 X) we know the elevation

at point X =48 m and the total head at

J2 is 113.42 m so the bernoly equation

is

113.42 =Hf +Hn +48

61.42 = 1.5 Hn

61.42 = 1.5 ((V^2)/ 2*g) Vn=28.3m/s

6

Project.1

An* Vn =Ap * Vp =Q =.45 cms

An=.015 sm Dn =.13 sm

Hf=KQ^2=20.6*F/D^5=.5*Vn^2/19.6

=20.4m when F=.02 D=.45m

The flow rate in FJ2 is

=.6+.45+.706=1.756 cms

So the the flow rate in J1E is

1.756+.4+.5+.6= 3.256 cms

The first iteration in tow loops EFGI

&GHI

7

Project.1

HJ2-KQ^2(J2F)-KQ^2(FG)-KQ^2(GH)=

113.42-1.9-62.7-3.1=45.73m

The preasure head at point H is 2.73 m

8

Project.1

The head at J1 =113.42-1.9-6.4-1.7=

103.42m

The head loss between J1 and

103.42-70 =33.42 m

HL =F L V^2 /(D *2g) assume fully

turbulent F=.031

V=(.36/F)^.5=3.4m/s

Re=1.3*10^6 F=.03 V=3.4m/s

The head loss between J1&B is 16.58 m

V=(.22/F)^.5 fully turbulent F=.032

V=2.6 m/s Re =988000 F =.031

V=2.6m/s

The HP =103.42-60-1.5=41.9m

9

Project.1

POWER PUMP

=9800*41.9*3.9=1601418=1601.4KW

10

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