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# Angles: is the figure formed by two rays, called the sides of the angle, sharing a common

endpoint, called the vertex of the angle.Angles formed by two rays lie in a plane, but this plane
does not have to be a Euclidean plane. Angles are also formed by the intersection of two planes
in Euclidean and other spaces. These are called dihedral angles.

Bearing: The north line is the initial (starting) side of the angle for the bearing.
Now, let us also identify the terminal (end) side of the angle. Just simply connect points A
and B.

## Congruent: Before we even start, let me remind you that congruent

means "the same" in geometry. As written above, it means "identical in
form." If you cut two identical triangles from a sheet of paper, and
couldn't tell them apart based on size or shape, they would
be congruent.
Diameter: In geometry, a diameter of a circle is any straight line segment that passes
through the center of the circle and whose endpoints lie on the circle. It can also be defined as
the longest chord of the circle.

## Eccentricity: In mathematics, the eccentricity, denoted e or , is

a parameter associated with every conic section. It can be thought of as a measure of how much
the conic section deviates from being circular.
Function: The average rate of change of an increasing function is positive, and the
average rate of change of a decreasing function is negative. The figure below shows
examples of increasing and decreasing intervals on a function.

## Geometry: geometry problems and questions with answers are

presented. These problems deal with finding the areas and perimeters of
triangles, rectangles, parallelograms, squares and other shapes. Several
problems on finding angles are also included.

## Hypotenuse: The hypotenuse of a right triangle is:

 the side opposite the right angle
 the longest side.
Isosceles: An isosceles triangle is a triangle that has at least two congruent sides. The
congruent sides of the isosceles triangle are called the legs. The other side is called
the base and the angles between the base and the congruent sides are called base
angles.

## Jump Discontinuity: In mathematics, the continuous functions play a role of utmost

importance. However, all the mathematical functions are not continuous. In fact, the functions are
majorly of two types - continuous functions and discontinuous functions
Kite: A Kite is a quadrilateral with two distinct pairs of adjacent sides which are equal. A Kite
has two pairs of equal sides in which each pair must be distinct disjoint and must be adjacent to
each other, sharing a common vertex. This means, the pairs cannot have a side in common. Only
one pair of angle which is the angle between the unequal sides is equal to its opposite angle.

Lateral Area: The lateral surface area of a right circular cone is the same as
the area of the sector of the circle it can be unrolled into.

Minor Arc: Just like Todd's hamster the circumference. When you draw a circle and
remove part of the circumference, what you have left is an arc.wheel, a circle is round too. The
distance around a circle is
Noncollinear points: Suppose that we know the points A, B, and C all lie
in a plane. Obviously, the displacement vectors and also lie in the plane.
(we can actually take any two displacement vectors). Recall that the cross product

## of two vectors is normal to both of them. Thus, is a normal vector to

the plane.

Obtuse triangle: An obtuse triangle is a triangle in which one of the angles is an obtuse angle.
(Obviously, only a single angle in a triangle can be obtuse or it wouldn't be a triangle.) A triangle must be either
obtuse, acute, or right.

## Perpendicular lines: You flip it over and change the sign --

That's how you get the slopes of perpendicular lines.
Quadrants: The axes of a two-dimensional Cartesian system divide the plane into four
infinite regions, called quadrants, each bounded by two half-axes .

## Radian: A full angle is therefore radians, so there are per radians,

equal to or 57. /radian. Similarly, a right angle is radians and
a straight angle is radians.
Sector of a Circle: We've all had a slice of pie or a piece of pizza. Both are real
life examples of a sector of a circle. A sector is a wedge of a circle made from two
radii. Radii, the plural of radius, are line segments that start on the outside and end at the
center of the circle.

## Tetrahedron: In geometry, a tetrahedron (plural: tetrahedra or tetrahedrons), also

known as a triangular pyramid, is a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, six
straight edges, and four vertex corners.

## Unit Circle Trig Definitions: In mathematics, a unit circle is a circle with

a radius of one. Frequently, especially in trigonometry, the unit circle is the circle of radius one
centered at the origin (0, 0) in the Cartesian coordinate system in the Euclidean plane
Vector: A scalar is a quantity like mass or temperature that only has a magnitude. On
the other had, a vector is a mathematical object that has magnitude and direction. A line of
given length and pointing along a given direction, such as an arrow, is the typical
representation of a vector.

## Washer Method: for all x in the interval I =[a , b].

Further assume that f and g are bounded over that interval.
We'll find the volume of the solid of revolution that results when the region bounded by
the graphs of f and g over interval I (the upper yellow region in the diagram) revolves
about the x-axis.

## X-axis: The line on a graph that runs horizontally (left-right) through

zero.
Y-axis: The vertical axis in a chart. It displays the range of values possible for the
dependent variable to take.

Zero slope: A line with zero slope is perfectly flat in the horizontal direction. No
matter what value of x you have, you get the same y-value. It does not increase or decrease.
ABC’S

GEOMETRY
SUBMITTED BY:JAMES A LACAPAG
MARIE AUBREY M BALDERAMA
CHRISTLY G ENCARNACION

James A. Lacapag

## I must study politics and war that my sons

may have liberty to study mathematics and
philosophy.

## Pure mathematics is, in its way, the poetry of logical ideas.

Christly G. Encarnacion
Mathematics is the art of giving the same name
to different things.