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This NORSOK standard is developed with broad petroleum industry participation by interested parties in the
Norwegian petroleum industry and is owned by the Norwegian petroleum industry represented by the Norwegian Oil
and Gas Association and The Federation of Norwegian Industries. Please note that whilst every effort has been
made to ensure the accuracy of this NORSOK standard, neither the Norwegian Oil and Gas Association nor The
Federation of Norwegian Industries or any of their members will assume liability for any use thereof. Standards
Norway is responsible for the administration and publication of this NORSOK standard.

Standards Norway Telephone: + 47 67 83 86 00


Strandveien 18, P.O. Box 242 Fax: + 47 67 83 86 01
N-1326 Lysaker Email: petroleum@standard.no
NORWAY Website: www.standard.no/petroleum

Copyrights reserved

© NORSOK. Any enquiries regarding reproduction should be addressed to Standard Online AS. www.standard.no
NORSOK standard


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NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

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1 Scope ..................................................................................................................................................... 3
2 Normative and informative references ................................................................................................... 3
2.1 Normative references ................................................................................................................... 3
2.2 Informative references ................................................................................................................. 5
3 Terms, definitions and abbreviations ..................................................................................................... 6
3.1 Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................... 6
3.2 Abbreviations ............................................................................................................................... 7
4 General principles .................................................................................................................................. 8
5 Functional requirements ......................................................................................................................... 8
5.1 General ........................................................................................................................................ 8
5.2 Products and services .................................................................................................................. 8
5.3 Performance and output .............................................................................................................. 9
5.4 Performance level ........................................................................................................................ 9
5.5 Process and ambient conditions .................................................................................................. 9
5.6 Operational requirements .......................................................................................................... 10
5.7 Maintenance requirements ........................................................................................................ 13
5.8 Layout and sea fastening requirements ..................................................................................... 13

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5.9 Well test design report ............................................................................................................... 13
6 Specific requirements ........................................................................................................................... 15
6.1 General ...................................................................................................................................... 15
6.2 Non-anchored operations – dynamic positioning operations ..................................................... 15
6.3 Production clean-up ................................................................................................................... 16
6.4 Bleed-off ..................................................................................................................................... 16
7 Exceptions to standards ....................................................................................................................... 16
7.1 Exceptions to NORSOK standards ............................................................................................ 16
7.2 Exceptions to other standards ................................................................................................... 17
Annex A (normative) Drill stem test tools system requirements.................................................................. 18
Annex B (normative) Landing string equipment system requirements ....................................................... 20
Annex C (normative) Surface equipment system requirements.................................................................. 22
Annex D (normative) Reservoir information data system requirements ..................................................... 27
Annex E (normative) Test tubing system requirements .............................................................................. 29

)RUHZRUG
The NORSOK standards are developed by the Norwegian petroleum industry to ensure adequate safety,
value adding and cost effectiveness for petroleum industry developments and operations. Furthermore,
NORSOK standards are, as far as possible, intended to replace oil company specifications and serve as
references in the authorities' regulations.
The NORSOK standards are normally based on recognized international standards, adding the provisions
deemed necessary to fill the broad needs of the Norwegian petroleum industry. Where relevant,
NORSOK standards will be used to provide the Norwegian industry input to the international

NORSOK standard 1
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

standardization process. Subject to development and publication of international standards, the relevant
NORSOK standard will be withdrawn.
The NORSOK standards are developed according to the consensus principle generally applicable for
most standards work and according to established procedures defined in NORSOK A-001.
The NORSOK standards are prepared and published with support by the Norwegian Oil and Gas
Association, the Federation of Norwegian Industries, the Norwegian Shipowners' Association and the
Petroleum Safety Authority Norway.
NORSOK standards are administered and published by Standards Norway.

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2 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

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This standard describes functional, performance and operational requirements for temporary well testing,
production clean-up and bleed-off equipment and systems used for hydrocarbon flow from exploration or
production wells on both mobile units and fixed platforms.

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The standards referred to below include provisions and guidelines that constitute provisions and
guidelines for this NORSOK standard. Latest issue of the references shall be used unless otherwise
agreed. Other recognized standards may be used provided it can be shown that they meet the
requirements of the referenced standards.

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NORSOK D-001 Drilling facilities

NORSOK D-010 Well integrity in drilling and well


operations

NORSOK S-001 Technical safety

NORSOK S-002 Working environment

NORSOK Z-015 Temporary equipment Covers lifting and electrical


requirements

EU 2006/42/EC on machinery Directive 2006/42/EC on machinery

IEC 61508 (SIL) Functional Safety of Electrical Handled via Norwegian Oil and Gas

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/Electronic/ Programmable guideline 070 – Application of IEC
Electronic Safety-related Systems 61508 and IEC 61511 in the
Norwegian petroleum industry

IEC 61511 (SIL) Functional safety - Safety Handled via Norwegian Oil and Gas
instrumented systems for the guideline 070 – Application of IEC
process industry sector 61508 and IEC 61511 in the
Norwegian petroleum industry

ISO 10407 (API RP 7G) Petroleum and natural gas


industries - Drilling and production
equipment - Drill stem design and
operating limits

ISO 10418 Petroleum and natural gas Equivalent to API RP 14C


industries - Offshore production
Installations - Analysis, design,
installation and testing of basic
surface process safety systems

ISO 10423 (API Spec. 6A) Petroleum and natural gas


industries - Drilling and production
equipment. - Wellhead and
Christmas tree equipment

ISO 10432 (API Spec. 14A) Petroleum and natural gas


industries - Downhole equipment -
Subsurface safety valve equipment

NORSOK standard 3
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

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ISO 13628-11 (API RP 17B) Petroleum and natural gas
industries - Design and operation of
subsea production systems - Part
11: Flexible pipe systems for subsea
and marine applications

ISO 14310 (API Spec 11D1) Petroleum and natural gas


industries - Downhole equipment -
Packers and bridge plugs

ISO 15156 (ANSI/NACE MR0175) Petroleum and Natural Gas ANSI/NACE MR0175 underwent a
Industries - Materials for use in H2S major revision in 2003, which cannot
containing environments in oil and be bridged for older equipment.
gas production Equipment built before 2003 follows
the old version of the standard,
while equipment built after the major
revision follows the latest edition of
the standard.

ISO 23251 (API RP 521) Petroleum and natural gas


industries - Pressure-relieving and
depressurizing systems

API Spec, 5CT Specifications for casing and tubing

API RP 14C Recommended practice for analysis, Equivalent to ISO 10418


design, installation and testing of
basic surface safety systems on
offshore production platforms

API RP 44 Recommended Practice for


Sampling Petroleum Reservoir
Fluids

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API RP 520 Recommended practice for sizing,
selection and installation of
pressure-relieving devices in
refineries

ASME Section VIII Div. 1 and 2 Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code –
VIII, Pressure Vessels

EN 13445 Unfired Pressure Vessels This is based on BS 5500, updated


and harmonized with the EU
Machinery Directive.

PD 5500 Specification for unfired, fusion This is the continuation of the former
welded pressure vessels BS 5500.

ASME B31.3 Process piping This is the old ANSI B31.3 -


Chemical plant and petroleum
refinery piping

EN 13480 Metallic industrial piping European equivalent to ASME


B31.3

ASME B16.5 Pipe flanges and flanged fittings


NPS 1/2 through NPS 24 metric/
inch standard

4 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

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ISO 13703 (API RP 14E) Petroleum and natural gas Refer also to NORSOK P-001 which
industries – Design and installation modifies ISO 13703 with alternative
of piping systems on offshore velocity and sizing criteria.
production platforms

IEC 61892 all parts Mobile and fixed offshore units -


Electrical installations

API RP 505 Recommended Practice for


Classification of Locations for
Electrical Installations at Petroleum
Facilities Classified as Class I, Zone
0, and Zone 2

DNV-RP-A203 Qualification of New Technology

NORSOK D-002 Well intervention equipment

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NORSOK standard 5
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

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For the purposes of this NORSOK standard, the following terms, definitions and abbreviations apply.

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VKDOO
verbal form used to indicate requirements strictly to be followed in order to conform to this NORSOK
standard and from which no deviation is permitted,unless accepted by all involved parties

 
VKRXOG
verbal form used to indicate that among several possibilities one is recommended as particularly suitable,
without mentioning or excluding others, or that a certain course of action is preferred but not necessarily
required

 
PD\
verbal form used to indicate a course of action permissible within the limits of this NORSOK standard

 
FDQ
verbal form used for statements of possibility and capability, whether material, physical or casual

 
E\SDVV
the term "bypass" as used in this document is not the same as used in NORSOK P-001 section 7.1. For
the purpose of this document "bypass" is used to describe a control process to isolate a process
component

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subsea equipment of 5” or larger size used for well intervention and well completion operations (large
bore subsea equipment is not covered by NORSOK D-007)

 
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the rig’s main control room, where the ESD system control is located

 
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the electronic process shut-down system for the well test or production clean-up system. The system
shuts the process down by stopping inflow from the well on surface. In addition the system has the ability
to depressurize the well test or production clean-up system in case of a fire or gas situation. The PSD
system is the responsibility of the well test or production clean-up service contractor

 
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the rig ESD system, as defined in NORSOK S-001, is a rig owner responsibility, and is independent from
the PSD system, except for the interfaces described in NORSOK D-007.

 
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subsea equipment of 5” or smaller internal diameter used for well test operations

6 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

 
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These are abbreviated terms for hazardous area classification:
Zone 0: An area in which an explosive gas atmosphere is present continuously or for long periods.
Zone 1: An area in which an explosive gas atmosphere is likely to occur in normal operation.
Zone 2: An area in which an explosive gas atmosphere is not likely to occur in normal operation and, if it
occurs, will only exist for a short time.
For Norwegian operations it is recommended to use IEC 61892-7 – Mobile and fixed offshore units,
electrical installations as the overall basis for area classification.

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ANSI American National Standards Institute

API American Petroleum Institute

ASME American Society of Mechanical Engineers

ATEX ATmosphères EXplosives French - explosive atmosphere

BOP Blow-Out Preventer

°C Degree Celsius

CO2 Carbon dioxide (gas)

DODO Drive-Off, Drift-Off

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DP Dynamic Positioning

EN European standard (or Norm)

ESD System Emergency Shut-Down System

ESP Electrical, Submersible Pump

HP High Pressure

HPHT High Pressure High Temperature

H2S Hydrogen sulfide (gas)

ISO International Organization for Standardization

KO Knock-Out

LP Low Pressure

NACE National Association of Corrosion Engineers

NORSOK NORSOK (The competitive standing of the Norwegian


offshore sector) is the industry initiative to add value,
reduce cost and lead time and remove unnecessary
activities in offshore field developments and
operations.

PD Published Document British nomenclature for standards.

P&ID Process and Instrumentation Diagram

PSD System Process Shut-Down System This is the safety system for the

NORSOK standard 7
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

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surface well test equipment.

PSD 1 Process Shut-Down System - Level 1 Stops flow to the well test plant.

PSD 2 Process Shut-Down System - Level 2 Stops flow and depressurises the
well test plant

RP Recommended Practice Used in conjunction with industry


standards

SAC Safety Analysis Checklist Related to API RP 14C

SAFE Safety Analysis Function Evaluation Related to API RP 14C

SAT Safety Analysis Table Related to API RP 14C

SI International System (of units)

WHP Well Head Pressure

WOCS Well Operations Control System Control system for subsea and
landing string equipment

WTDR Well Test Design Report

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Any well test system design shall include barrier descriptions and schematics, in accordance with the
requirements of NORSOK D-010, clause 4 and 6 with associated acceptance tables in clause 15.
In addition to the requirements mentioned specifically herein, the requirements in the following normative
references shall apply for this NORSOK standard: NORSOK S-002, EU 2006/42/EC on machinery,

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ISO 10407 (API RP 7G), ISO 10418, ISO 10423 (API Spec. 6A), ISO 10432 (API Spec. 14A),
ISO 13628-11 (API RP 17B), ISO 14310 (API Spec 11D1), ISO 15156 (ANSI/NACE MR0175),
API RP 44, API RP 520, ASME Section VIII Div. 1 and 2, EN 13445, ASME B31.3, EN 13480,
ASME B16.5. In addition to the informative references mentioned specifically herein, the following
informative reference is given for informative purposes: API RP 505 and NORSOK D-002.

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SI units and Imperial units are used in this standard. SI units or imperial units may be used at the author’s
discretion, but the chosen unit shall be clearly identified and used consistently.

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The well testing equipment is grouped into five categories as detailed below. Equipment selection shall be
suitable for the service conditions as provided for in the WTDR.

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The downhole equipment shall control the production of reservoir fluids into the test tubing, or the
injection of fluids from the tubing into the formation. It shall also provide a means of establishing
communication between tubing and annulus for well control purposes.

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The landing string equipment shall enable shutting in the well and allowing a controlled disconnect at
BOP level, as required. It shall also provide means for lubricating working tools into the test string.
It also includes a shearable handling sub which provides a suitable place to do emergency cutting using
the BOP shear ram.

8 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

For jack-up rigs and permanent installations using a BOP safety valve the controlled disconnect does not
apply.

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The surface equipment shall be designed and equipped to:
x assure a high level of phase separation;
x assure accurate measurement of individual phase flows;
x provide for the safe disposal of produced water and hydrocarbons without spill to sea.

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The equipment shall accurately acquire, store and handle data and fluid samples such as:
x reservoir pressure and temperature;
x seabed pressure and temperature;
x surface pressure and temperature and flowrates;
x bottomhole samples;
x surface fluid samples;
x wellsite chemical analysis.

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The test tubing shall provide a gastight conduit to surface.

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The equipment provided shall be mobilized, installed, commissioned, operated, maintained and
demobilized by competent service personnel.

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Full system shall be designed for repeat operation. This shall be one of the goals and requirements for
the maintenance and design strategy.

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The following table describes the performance envelopes for the various operational categories:

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Maximum expected surface pressure 690 bar 1035 bar Above 1035 bar

Maximum annulus surface pressure 690 bar 1035 bar Above 1035bar

Maximum downhole temperature < 150°C > 150°C > 150°C

Maximum tubing head temperature 100°C 130°C Above 130°C


(note 1) (note 1)

Design temperature -20°C -20°C -20°C

H2S Service (note 2) Yes Yes Yes

CO2 Service (note 2) Yes Yes Yes

NOTE 1 For operations using a production type surface test tree in combination with rigid piping with hub
connectors, the limit is 175°C.

NORSOK standard 9
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

NOTE 2 Where the reservoir fluid composition is known, the H2S and CO2 service requirements can be
removed as applicable.
NOTE 3 The above table covers normal ambient conditions. Other conditions like “Arctic” might
necessitate modifications to the above ambient requirements.
All process equipment shall be designed for an offshore marine environment with corrosive and salt
containing atmosphere, 100 % relative humidity and ambient temperatures ranging from -20 to +30°C.

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6KLSSLQJ The equipment shall satisfy the requirements in NORSOK Z-015.
*HQHUDOFRPPLVVLRQLQJUHTXLUHPHQWV An acceptance test checklist shall be made and completed.
This shall include sequence for initial and pre-job pressure and function testing including the PSD system.

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All downhole tools shall have standard API drift diameter tolerance.

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The operation shall either be annulus or tubing pressure operated, or operated by telemetry.
The supplier shall have established procedures that include testing to verify the functionality and pressure
integrity of the tool string.
It shall not be possible to unseat or sting out of packers unintentionally regardless of well or operational
conditions.
The drill stem test string shall be designed so the string has the ability to kill the well in case the tester
valve fails closed.

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Load case verifications shall be performed to determine a safe working envelope.

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All test string components shall be designed such that handling on deck and drill floor can be performed
safely and efficiently using remotely operated pipe handling system as far as possible.
Wherever pressure may be trapped there shall be means to safely verify such trapped pressure and to
safely bleed it off. The risk and the procedure for mitigation shall be included in the well test program.

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Landing string valves below the drill floor shall allow for well kill operations.
For operations involving use of surface BOP a safety valve shall be installed in the test string close to
surface. The safety valve may be either a BOP safety valve or surface controlled subsea safety valve.
This valve provides a tubing barrier which becomes part of the BOP barrier when used (ref
NORSOK D-010).
For semisubmersible rigs there shall be a pressure sensor detecting sudden pressure drops in the tubing
string upstream the choke manifold, in case of heave compensator lock-up and subsequent parting of the
landing string below the flow-head. The sensor shall trigger automatic closure of the subsea test tree. In
addition there shall be a manual back-up to the automatic closure function.

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The discharge from a pressure relief device shall be routed to and terminated in a safe area. The safe
area shall be either a minimum of 3 meters below lower deck level or to the burner boom. Where the relief

10 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

system is routed to the burner booms, means for draining of the piping and purging with nitrogen shall be
installed.
For atmospheric tanks adequate vent systems shall be installed and flame arrestor devices installed to
prevent air influx.
Pressure relief systems shall be designed to handle the effects of any discharge through the system.
A valid gas dispersion study, provided by the rig and covering the design criteria shall be present. (Ref.
section 5.9 – Well test design report).
Rupture discs shall not be used as pressure relief devices.

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All temporary piping shall be adequately anchored and supported.
All piping NOT rated to maximum WHP shall be protected from overpressure according to API RP 14C.
Metal to metal seals shall be used for HP (345 bar and upwards) connection, and for all piping upstream
the choke manifold.
Where appropriate and to provide a safe working environment all piping shall be covered with grating or
scaffolding.
Systems with different pressure ratings shall have double isolation valves installed at the specification
break.

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Continuously manning during operations is accepted as a replacement for level switches as per
API RP 14C, when level systems are responding too slowly for adequate use of level switches.

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The pressure tests for accepting the well test, production clean-up or bleed-off systems shall meet the
following requirements:

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x water or water-glycol mixture as the pressure test medium;
x recorders shall be within calibration date and charts shall be kept within the job files;
x a low pressure test to 15–20 bar for minimum 5 minutes stable reading should be performed
prior to high pressure testing in the drilling, completion and intervention activities;
x for tests exceeding 345 bar, the pressure shall be brought up in 345 bar 10 minute steps from
the low pressure level of 15-20 bar;
x minimum duration of the final pressure level shall be 10 minutes with stable reading.

The following should apply to qualify a pressure test:


a. consider the monitored volume when setting the test acceptance criteria;
b. establish maximum acceptable deviation from test pressure (x bar deviation from test
pressure, e.g. 5 bar for a 345 bar test);
c. establish maximum allowable pressure variation over the defined time interval (e.g. 1% or 3,45
bar for a 345 bar test over 10 minutes);
d. A condition for the criteria in b) and c) is that the pressure change over time (p/t) is
declining.

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All slops generated shall be handled in accordance with the well specific discharge permit.
x Any water discharged overboard shall have an oil-in-water content less than the authorized
limit for discharged water.
x Produced water with higher than permitted oil content and slops shall be collected and
transported onshore for disposal in accordance with the discharge permit.
x Any accidental discharge shall be reported to the authorities.

NORSOK standard 11
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

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Flaring of hydrocarbons shall take place with the least possible impact on the environment.

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The main process equipment area shall have a bund high enough to contain an expected leak in the
process area. The bund shall be sized to contain 110 % of the volume contained in the largest volume
vessel inside the area, with a minimum wall height of 10 cm. A system for the handling and disposal of
fluids from the enclosed area shall be in place. Any hatches and deck drains inside the enclosed area
shall have sufficient coaming or be sealed off during operation.

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The well test or production clean-up system shall be equipped with PSD and blow down protection.
The system shall automatically close in the well at the production flow wing valve and the stand alone
safety valve (PSD 1).
Separation vessels in the well test or production clean-up system shall in addition be equipped with a
blow down function (PSD 2).
The PSD 1 activation shall minimum allow for manual activation at the driller floor, in the separator area
and at the lifeboat stations.
The PSD system shall be electronically operated and monitored from a safe area.
The rig ESD system shall, independently of the PSD system, be able to shut in the well.
NOTE There is a normative requirement for conforming to IEC 61508 and IEC 61511 (SIL) for the PSD
system. A transition period until 01.07.2017 is granted for getting this requirement fully implemented for
NORSOK D-007 equipment.

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Downstream of the choke manifold there shall be a means for bypassing and isolating each of the main
components in the process plant.

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The list below includes the typical interfaces for a well test / clean-up system:
x steam;
x electrical power;
x compressed air (for instrument use);
x seawater;
x piping hook-up connections;
x ESD/PSD.
NOTE 1 The rig drilling system shall not be permanently connected to the well test or clean-up system.
NOTE 2 It is forbidden to use rig air for the well test burners.
NOTE 3 The rig systems, including but not limited to the following; steam generator, diverter lines, main
relief line, burner booms, electricity system, fire and gas detection and firewater system, follows the requirements
in NORSOK D-001.

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The extent of reservoir data gathering will normally be specified by the oil company. Electronic data shall
be read, processed and presented on site.

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The test laboratory and control cabin shall be located in a safe area.

12 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

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Gauge operating procedure shall include positive verification of gauge recorder operation prior to
installation.
Any gauge element that could accumulate an accidental pressure build-up inside shall be so designed
that ejection of components shall not be possible during disassembly.
All gauges shall have a valid calibration certificate.
A pressure gauge calibration check shall include the full pressure range at the expected downhole
temperature.
Calibration certificates shall be included in the worksite files.
A post job calibration check may be carried out at the same temperature and repeating the pressure
steps used in the pre job calibration check.

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Certification documents shall be available with each bottle.

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All sensors and metering devices shall have valid calibration certificates. Documentation shall be
available on site.

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The tubing string shall be selected to allow handling and running with the drilling unit’s standard pipe
handling system and tools.
All tubulars shall be clean and inspected before use. Inspection shall be documented, per joint.
All tubing shall be drifted with an API standard drift prior to shipping.
All tubulars being run in hole shall be drifted prior to running, with an API standard drift.

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All well test equipment shall be properly maintained. Such maintenance shall be according to the vendor’s
specifications and documented. Any measuring device shall be calibrated according to the vendor’s
specification, documented and verified by a qualified third party.
Sufficient spares or back-up equipment shall be available to ensure operational continuity.
Any permanently installed equipment shall be maintained and preserved according to site-specific
procedures. The maintenance shall be documented.

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The test system shall be configured to ensure ease of access, proper maintainability and minimum two
escape routes.
The maximum permissible deck load shall not be exceeded.
Components shall have ladders, stairways and railings as required for safe and convenient access for
operation and maintenance.
Sea fastening of temporary equipment shall comply with the class organization’s requirements. Sea
fastening calculations shall be included in the WTDR (see section 5.9)

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The well test service contractor shall issue a WTDR covering the planned operations. The document
structure shall be such:

NORSOK standard 13
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

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1.1 Layout drawing Each well Each project Optional per project

1.2 Hazardous zone Each well Each project Optional per project

1.3 Equipment and deck support Each well Each project Optional per project

2.1 System description Each well Each project Optional per project

2.2 Well test data Each well Each project Optional per project

2.3 Pressure drop calculations Each well Each project Optional per project

2.4 P&ID Each well Each project Optional per project

2.5 Safety philosophy Each well Each project Optional per project

2.6 ESD-PSD logic Each well Each project Optional per project

2.7 Risk analysis report Each well Each project Optional per project

2.8 PSD button layout Each well Each project Optional per project

2.9 Risk register Each well Each project Optional per project

2.10 Risk matrix Each well Each project Optional per project

3.1 Process line data Each well Each project Optional per project

3.2 Safety systems Each well Each project Optional per project

4.1 Pressure and velocity calculations Each well Each project Optional per project

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4.2 Pressure relief calculations Each well Each project Optional per project

4.3 Separator blowdown calculations Each well Each project Optional per project

4.4 Calibration tank blowdown Each well Each project Optional per project
calculations

5.1 Commissioning plan Each well Each project Each project

5.2 Acceptance test plan Each well Each project Each project

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6.1 Rig hazardous zone chart Each well Each project Optional per project

6.2 Rig equipment and deck support Each well Each project Optional per project

6.3 Rig well test area Each well Each project Optional per project

6.4 Heat radiation study Each well Each project Optional per project

7.1 ESD strategy Each well Each project Optional per project

7.2 ESD system risk analysis Each well Each project Optional per project

7.3 Fire and gas system Each well Each project Optional per project

7.4 Firewater system Each well Each project Optional per project

8.1 Relief valve discharge dispersion Each well Each project Optional per project

14 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

WTDR’s shall be verified and approved by the relevant rig classification company, or by the operator
company.

 6SHFLILFUHTXLUHPHQWV

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The sub-clauses below cover requirements for:
x testing in DP mode;
x production clean-up;
x bleed-off operations.

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This covers additional steps for DP operations. These steps also apply to for addressing anchor-chain
parting for anchored operations, and for thruster-assisted well test operations.
Response times for subsea DODO (Drive-Off, Drift-Off) situations.
x Clearly defined operational envelopes for rig station keeping shall be established.
x The station keeping envelopes shall be present on the drill floor at all times.
The subsea equipment response times shall be included in the test program and shall be available on the
drill floor during operations.
Response rehearsals shall be conducted in conjunction with the rig floor and DP operations prior to
perforating the well.

 'LVFRQQHFWSKLORVRSK\
A disconnect philosophy shall be established for each DP operation and included in the test program.
The disconnect philosophy (cut with BOP shear ram, or disconnect on subsea test tree first) is equipment

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09


specific, driven by considerations including, but not limited to:
x maximum disconnect angle for the subsea test tree;
x maximum disconnect string tension for the subsea test tree;
x minimum disconnect time for the subsea test tree.
The content of the above bullets must be communicated to all involved personnel prior to operations and
the required time for controlled disconnect must be stated.
If a "disconnect subsea test tree first" philosophy is adopted for an operation, the full disconnect
sequence shall be considered tested before opening the well, i.e. a disconnect, re-connect shall be
considered conducted to verify operational times ensuring these meet pre-established minimum timings.
The disconnect philosophy adopted shall be subject to a rigorous risk assessment.

 5HWDLQHUYDOYHSKLORVRSK\
For DP rig operations a retainer valve philosophy shall be developed and be evaluated during the
planning phase for the operations.
The first step shall be to determine if a retainer valve is required or not.
If deemed required, considerations including but not limited to the following shall be addressed:
x failure of valve (fail open, fail closed, or fail as is);
x pump through capability or not;
x bleed down of pressure inside the landing string after emergency disconnect;
x hydrocarbon liquid handling when pulling the landing string back to surface after a
disconnect.

NORSOK standard 15
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

 3URGXFWLRQFOHDQXS

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The well test PSD system shall interface with the WOCS unit.
The PSD system shall shut in the production flow wing valve and the WOCS shall provide feedback as to
the actual position of the valve, not merely confirm that the command signal has been sent.
The rig's ESD system shall, independently of the WOCS and PSD systems, be able to shut in the
production flow wing valve.

 (63LQWHUIDFH
For production clean-ups or testing using ESP pumps, the pump shall be protected against overpressure
as per API RP 14C. The ESP pump shall be interfaced with the well test PSD system.
To protect the system from overpressure and stop well flow in case of a leak the PSD system shall also
shut down the ESP pump.
The rig ESD system shall also shut down the ESP pump.

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Bleed-off equipment is intended for safe handling of minor hydrocarbon volumes produced during well
intervention work.
Design of such packages shall be in accordance with clause 5.9 and other relevant sections of NORSOK
D-007.
The equipment shall be suitable for handling relevant hydrocarbons and shall route the fluids to either a
platform relief KO drum, or on mobile drilling units to flare (gas) and/or tank storage (liquids).
Where well test equipment, in a bleed-off capacity, is used in support of a well intervention operation the
PSD system becomes as supporting system for the overall well intervention PSD system, hence a
pneumatic or hydraulic PSD is sufficient for the bleed-off package.

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09


 ([FHSWLRQVWRVWDQGDUGV

 ([FHSWLRQVWR12562.VWDQGDUGV

7DEOH±([FHSWLRQVWR12562.VWDQGDUGV

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th
NORSOK P-001, 5 Ed., 6 - all If electronic non-intrusive solids detection systems are used, erosional
sub-clauses velocities shall not exceed the values given in API RP 14E.
Intermittent solids free flow is allowed for NORSOK D-007 equipment.
Wall thickness measurement equipment shall be in place and used for
spot checking exposed flowline bends for erosion.

NORSOK P-001, 5th Ed., 6.1 Calculation models equivalent to ISO 13703 are acceptable.

NORSOK P-100, rev. 3, 16.1 Not applicable

NORSOK P-100, rev. 3, 16.3-6 Not applicable

16 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

 ([FHSWLRQVWRRWKHUVWDQGDUGV

7DEOH±([FHSWLRQVWRRWKHUVWDQGDUGV

6WDQGDUG ([FHSWLRQ
ISO 23251 (API RP 521) For well testing and clean-up operations the API RP 521, clause 7.3.2.1
requirement for use of flare KO drums does not apply. Provided that
nd
clause 6.3.2.4, 2 paragraph is satisfied (relief and blowdown valves
mounted in gas part of vessels) in combination with continuously
manned equipment and PSD shutdown, this minimises the risk of a
liquid pool fire under the rig to an acceptable level

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09

NORSOK standard 17
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

$QQH[$ QRUPDWLYH 
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List of equipment typically used for well testing operations when drill stem test tools are called for.
Downhole drill stem test tools:
x packer of permanent or retrievable type;
x tester valve;
x circulating valves;
x slip joints;
x hydraulic jar;
x safety joint;
x auxiliary valves;
x drain valves;
x crossovers;
x tubing tester valve;
x downhole safety valve.

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Downhole test tools shall have a design factor of minimum 1,10.
The test assembly shall be designed to withstand the expected loads during all phases of the operation.
Actual safety factors for the tools employed shall be documented in the well test design report, see
sub-clause 5.9.

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Internal profiles shall have no sharp edges.

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x The retrievable packer shall be suitable for the planned operation.
x The packer shall be set by manipulation (including weight) of the string and/or pressuring up the
well.
x For mechanically (weight) set packers it shall be possible to do multiple sets without any change
in performance, and it shall hold pressure from above and below as required.

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x Shall be surface operated.
o Normally by means of annulus pressure.
o If operated by other means, a back-up operating method shall be incorporated.
x In normal operating mode, the loss of annulus operating pressure shall cause the tester valve to
close.
x Lock open capability shall not be used unless an acceptable well barrier risk level can be
documented.
x It shall be possible to open the tester valve with a pressure differential from above or below.

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x A minimum of two circulating valves shall be run in the test strings.
x One of the valves shall have a multi-operation feature

18 NORSOK standard $QQH[$


NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

x One of the valves shall be single shot and remain open once activated. The flow ports shall have
sufficient flow allow for adequate circulation without unintentional operation of any pressure
activated tool.

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x They shall have no internal obstructions.
x They shall be of internal balance type.

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It shall be of a repeatable hydraulic type.

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x It shall enable a mechanical separation of the test string from the packer assembly.
x The lower half shall have a design that enhances fishing of the string.
x Alternative release mechanisms can be considered but shall be qualified as per
DNV-RP-A203 - Qualification of New Technology.

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The tubing tester valve shall:
x provide means to test the tubing string.
x have a lock-out capability.
x have minimum specification as per other DST Tools.

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The downhole safety valve shall:
x be a single-shot ball valve;

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09


x have pump-through capability.

NORSOK standard 19
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

$QQH[% QRUPDWLYH 
/DQGLQJVWULQJHTXLSPHQWV\VWHPUHTXLUHPHQWV
%(TXLSPHQW
List of equipment typically used for well testing operations when landing string equipment is called for.
Landing string equipment:
x subsea test tree with fluted hanger and slick joint;
x lubricator valve;
x retainer valve;
x BOP safety valve;
x crossovers.

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x The fluted hanger shall have a range of adjustment to allow for variation in the slick joint space-
out.
x The subsea test tree shall be installed to allow for closure of the BOP middle pipe-ram on the
slick joint and closure of the shear-blind ram above the latched subsea tree assembly.
x The subsea tree assembly shall include a shear sub compatible with the BOP shear rams. It shall
be possible to retrieve the latch after shearing.
x The subsea tree control system shall include remote stations for emergency closure of the tree,
minimum in the driller’s cabin and an additional safe area.
x The subsea test tree shall be equipped with a chemical injection system with double non return
valves. The principal injection line shall be an integral part of the control hose bundle.
x The control hose bundle shall be one single continuous length.
x If required the subsea test tree shall have the capacity to cut coiled tubing with any internal mono-
conductor cable or any logging cable.

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x It shall be possible to unlatch the subsea tree under tension. Unintentional unlatching during
handling shall not be possible.
x The subsea tree shall have two independent means of unlatching.
x The subsea tree shall have the ability to transmit torque for downhole tool operation.
x The subsea test tree valves shall fail to safe closed position on shearing and in the event of loss
of hydraulic pressure.
x The subsea test tree valve systems shall allow for pressure testing of the landing string following
a reconnection.
x The subsea test tree shall have a pump through capability.
x The subsea test tree operating system shall be such that it automatically go to safe closed
position if the shearable sub is sheared.

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x The lubricator valve shall be hydraulically operated and fail as is.
x It shall be possible to pump through the valve from above for well killing and it shall be possible to
pressure test the valve from above and below.
x Where multiple valves are run in combination trapping pressure between the valves shall not be
possible.
x If used as a well-intervention barrier a minimum of two shall be run, and both shall be inflow
pressure tested.

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x The valve shall retain landing string fluid under pressure following disconnect.

20 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

x The valve shall be designed for multiple operations.


x Operation of the valve shall not impair system disconnect time.
x The retainer valve systems shall allow for pressure testing of the landing string following
reconnection.
x The use of the retainer valve or not follows the requirement in sub-clause 6.2 – Non-anchored
operations (dynamic positioning).

%%23VDIHW\YDOYH
If a BOP safety valve is used the following shall apply:
x The BOP safety valve shall be fail safe close.
x The BOP safety valve shall be installed in the test string such that BOP pipe rams can be closed
on a joint made up to the valve, and the BOP shear ram can be operated.
x The valve shall be of a pump through type.
x The BOP safety valve shall have the capacity for shearing coiled tubing with internal cable or a
logging cable.
x The valve shall be equipped with a chemical injection system with a double non return valve. The
principal injection line shall be an integral part of the control hose bundle.

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09

NORSOK standard 21
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

$QQH[& QRUPDWLYH 
6XUIDFHHTXLSPHQWV\VWHPUHTXLUHPHQWV
&(TXLSPHQW
List of equipment typically used for well testing, clean-up and bleed-off operations when surface
equipment is called for.
Surface equipment:
x surface test tree;
x flexible flowline;
x fixed pipe flowline;
x flowline manifold;
x dataheader;
x chemical injection pumps;
x stand-alone safety valve;
x choke manifold;
x heat exchanger;
x well test separator;
x calibration tank;
x surge tank;
x transfer pump;
x oil burner heads;
x LP knock out pot;
x gas flare silencers;
x control cabin;
x laboratory;

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09


x PSD system;
x interconnecting piping;
x instrumentation;
x slop handling system, including tank;
x sand control equipment auxiliary equipment.

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x The surface test tree shall be equipped with crown, master, kill and flow valves. A swivel shall be
included above the master valve, to allow for rotation of the string.
x Hang off of the surface test tree shall be by means of a standard drill pipe elevator.
x The surface test tree shall have connections for kill and flow lines facing down.
x The kill and flow valves shall be hydraulically operated and fail safe close.
1) Maximum closing time: 5 seconds at atmospheric pressure.
2) Valves control system shall include a remote station for emergency closure of the tree.
x The tree shall be equipped with a protective frame for valve stems and actuators.
x The flow wing valve control system shall be connected to the well test PSD and the rig ESD
system. The ESD system control function shall be as close as possible to the valve actuator.
x The test tree should be prepared for installation of pressure and temperature sensors upstream of
the production wing valve.
x If a flow check valve is in use on the kill side, this should be remote operated and have a lock-
open facility.

22 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

&)OH[LEOHIORZOLQH
x The flexible line shall be compatible with the expected well fluids.
x Each end shall be equipped with means to fit safety slings.
x The flowline connections shall be of the hub type.

&)OH[LEOHNLOOOLQH
x The flexible line shall be compatible with the expected fluids.
x Each end shall be equipped with means to fit safety slings.
x The end connections shall be of the hub type.

&5LJLGIORZOLQH
x For fixed installation and jack-up operations, temporary rigid flowlines may be used.
x Rigid flowline shall not be installed instead of permanent flowlines from the drill floor to the test
area for other rig types than jack-up rigs.
x The temporary rigid flowline shall have metal to metal seal connections.

&'DWDKHDGHUV XSVWUHDPDQGGRZQVWUHDPFKRNHPDQLIROG 
x The manifold shall have sufficient connecting points for pressure monitoring, data acquisition
sensors, sand erosion probe, fluid sampling and chemical injection. All shall be equipped with
double block and bleed valves. Temperature probes shall be non-intrusive.
x The end connections shall be of the hub or flange type.

&&KHPLFDOLQMHFWLRQSXPSV
x Pumps for chemicals injection shall be equipped with filtration device.
x The pumps shall be suitable for the required service and chemical(s).
x The pumps shall have adequate overpressure protection. Any bled off chemicals shall be

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09


returned to the supply tank.
x Block valve and double flow check valves shall be installed at the injection point.
x The chemical tank shall be fit for purpose and equipped with adequate safety devices.

&6WDQGDORQHVDIHW\YDOYH
x The valve shall be included in all surface well test systems for both well testing and production
clean-up.
x For bleed-off operations the valve is optional if an acceptable risk level can be proven without the
valve installed.
x The valve shall be operated simultaneous with the surface test tree production wing valve.
x The valve closing time shall be maximum 7 seconds.
x It shall be possible to override the operating system for pressure testing purposes.

&&KRNHPDQLIROG
x A choke manifold shall have two flow paths. Each flow path shall have minimum two closing
valves, one upstream and one downstream, with bleed off facilities between the valves and ports
for pressure measurements both up and down stream of the chokes.
x All valves in the choke manifold shall have the same pressure rating.
x Adjustable chokes shall be designed to allow for accurate adjustments, maintaining accuracy
over time and shall prevent accidental plugging of the flow path.

NORSOK standard 23
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

&+HDWH[FKDQJHUV
Coil and shell type heat exchangers shall:
x be arranged with an external heating source, preferably steam;
x have a minimum of two coils with interconnected by a choke box, inside or on the outside of the
vessel;
x have a choke assembly that shall have pressure test capabilities for testing of the high pressure
coil tubes;
x be equipped with a temperature control system to control the fluid discharge temperature;
x be equipped with pressure and temperature sensors up- and down-stream of choke, and
overpressure protection as per API RP 14C;
x be equipped with by-pass line on inlet and outlet of coils;
x be equipped with a gas detection system in the steam discharged from the heater. This system
shall be connected to an automatic shut-off device to stop gas loaded condensate to return into
the steam supply. Preferably sampling shall be done before the gas loaded condensate is
allowed to enter into the condensate system;
x be protected by a pressure relief valve, in the event that the secondary coil has a lower pressure
rating than the primary coil and/or the downstream valve;
x have a steam inlet be equipped with a flow check valve valve;
x have sufficient pressure relief capacity allow for relief of 100 % of the design flow.
Double multi-tube type:
x For double multi-tube heaters with a HP and LP section (spec. break), the above requirements for
coil and shell heaters apply.
x For double multi-tube heaters with two HP or LP sections (no spec. break), the following
exceptions to the above coil and shell heater requirements apply:
o choke box is optional (if installed all choke requirements apply).
Tube pressure relief system shall be according to API RP14C and WTDR.

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09


Single multi-tube type shall:
x be arranged with an external heating source, preferably steam;
x allow for bleeding off of tubes and shell pressure by means of fitting isolation valves. The
discharge shall be led to the LP pressure relief return or to a safe area;
x be equipped with temperature control system controlling the discharge fluid temperature;
x be equipped with pressure and temperature sensors;
x be equipped with by-pass line on inlet and outlet of tubes;
x be protected by enough PSV’s as per API RP14C, protecting the steam vessel, and shall be
capable of handling the maximum well production rate;
x be equipped with a gas detection system in the steam discharged from the heater. This system
shall be connected to an automatic shut-off device to stop condensed water with gas returning to
the steam supply;
x have PSV protecting the tubes;
x have a steam inlet with a flow check valve;
x have sufficient PSV relief capacity to relieve 100 % of the design flow.

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The test separator shall be equipped with the following:
x chemical injection points;
x provision for sampling at oil-, gas- and water-lines:
o flange connection for isokinetic sampling should be considered.
Shrinkage tester for determining shrinkage should be considered.

24 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

x manhole to allow for internal visual inspection and cleaning;


x two PSV’s protecting the vessel against rupture. Each PSV shall have capacity to discharge the
design production rate, as per the WTDR;
x a pressure control system;
x a flow check valve in inlet line to prevent back flow in case of line rupture upstream of the
separator;
x connection points for data acquisition, pressure and temperature measurement on the vessel, the
gas and the oil line;
x oil, water and gas metering facilities to cover the full flow capacity range of the separator;
x a pressure relief device protecting separator inlet/by-pass manifold;
x a blow down valve, routed to a safe discharge system Initiated by either the PSD system and/or
ESD system;
x an inlet manifold that shall enable by-pass of fluid to either the oil or gas discharge line. The
manifold shall be equipped with sufficient valves to isolate the vessel.

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The tank shall be equipped with:
x a flow check valve on inlet line to prevent back flow in case of a rupture upstream of the unit;
x an inlet manifold to enable by-pass of fluids to the oil discharge line;
x a manifold with sufficient valves to isolate the vessel;
x an inline choke if the calibration tank relief system does not handle the maximum blow-by gas
flow from the separator liquid discharge lines;
x two independent PSV’s protecting the vessel against rupture. Each individual device shall have
discharge capacity to handle the tank’s design flow capacity;
x a manhole allowing for internal visual inspection and cleaning while the skid is still hooked up;
x a blow down valve, routed to a safe discharge system initiated by either the PSD system and or
ESD system;

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09


x a pressure control system in the gas outlet line;
x level glasses for monitoring of the fluid - gas interface;
x volume measuring system;
x audible high level alarm or use of alternative protection shall be in place;
x safety devices as per API RP 14C.

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The pump shall pump from the calibration tank to the burners allowing continuous separator operations.
The pump shall:
x have an emergency shutdown function, at a safe distance from the pump;
x be connected and controlled via the PSD system;
x have a flow check valve on the outlet;
x have inlet and outlet isolation valves;
x have Atex and Zone 1, classification.

&&UXGHRLOEXUQHUV
x Shall be designed for best possible combustion, regardless of flow rate.
x The oil and compressed air inlet lines shall be equipped with flow check valves.
x The burner shall be equipped with an ignition system and a pilot light.

&$LUFRPSUHVVRUV DQGDOORWKHUGLHVHOILUHGXQLWV 
x They shall be instrumented for automatic shut-down in case of exposure to hydrocarbon gases.

NORSOK standard 25
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

x They shall be controlled by the PSD system.


x They shall be controlled by the rig ESD system.
x They shall be equipped with ignition source control devices suited to the physical location of the
units in relation to zone classification.

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The test laboratory container and control cabin shall be in compliance with NORSOK Z-015.

&3URFHVVVKXWGRZQ 36' V\VWHP


The PSD system shall:
x automatically shut in the well on the production wing valve and the surface safety valve.
API RP 14C shall be used as a guideline when setting up the PSD logic and place the sensors.
Manual activation of PSD shall be arranged:
o at the driller floor;
o in the separator area;
o lifeboat stations.
x include two shut down levels via the PSD system logic:
o Level 1 shall stop the flow by closing in-line valves.
o Level 2 shall blow down the production system and stop the flow.
o The PSD level 1 and 2 buttons shall be:
i. separated from each other;
ii. barrier to prevent unintentional operation;
iii. clearly marked.
x be integrated with the ESD system, such that ESD system can shut down the well test plant,
while the PSD system shall not activate the ESD system.

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09

26 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

$QQH[' QRUPDWLYH 
5HVHUYRLULQIRUPDWLRQGDWDV\VWHPUHTXLUHPHQWV
'(TXLSPHQW
List of equipment typically used for well testing operations when reservoir information data systems are
called for.
Data acquisition and fluid sampling:
x pressure and temperature recorders;
x gauge carriers;
x bottom hole sampling equipment;
x sampler carriers;
x surface sampling equipment;
x trace element and wellsite chemistry equipment;
x data handling and storage system;
x sand detection equipment;
x real-time downhole data transfer equipment.

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x Electronic gauges shall include safe storage of recorded data independent of downhole power
failure.
x It shall be possible to verify gauge recorder operation prior to installation in carrier.

'*DXJHFDUULHU
x Gauges shall be installed in the carrier before transport to the drill floor.
x Carrier pressure integrity shall be tested with gauges installed.

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09


'%RWWRPKROHVDPSOLQJ
x Sampling equipment shall be mercury free.
x Sampling tools shall be set up such that:
o sampler can be operated individually or grouped;
o activation shall be surface controlled.
x There shall be provisions to check the pressure and the bubble point of the sample prior to
transfer from the sampler to the shipping bottle, or preparing the sample chamber for transport to
shore.
x The sampler activation mechanism shall be designed such that the risk of accidental operation is
prevented, including mechanical shock.
x Electrical activation systems shall be shielded to prevent unintentional inductive activation.
Sampling shall be done in a controlled manner to prevent pressure draw down below the bubble
point.
x It shall be designed with the option for installation in a tubing conveyed carrier.

'6DPSOHUFDUULHU
x Bottom hole samplers shall be installed in the carrier before transport to the drill floor.
x Carrier pressure integrity shall be tested with samplers installed.

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x Pressurized sampling equipment shall be of mercury free.
x Sample containers shall be clean and certified.
x Provisions shall be made for single phase hydrocarbon sampling at wellhead.

NORSOK standard 27
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

x Simultaneous sampling of oil and gas from separator at controlled pressure and temperature shall
be possible. Pressure and temperature along with liquid and gas rate measurements shall be
monitored during sampling and shall be recorded on sample form to be included with each bottle.
x Provisions shall be available for two phase sampling in gas outlet line for monitoring of separator
efficiency and carry over.

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x The well stream properties and components shall be analysed to detect elements that will
influence the well stream processing and/or that may be harmful. The analysis shall include on-
site analysis of gas and fluid properties adjusted to standard temperature.
x Chemical analysis of produced water with determination of density, resistivity, salinity and
quantification of essential ions.

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There shall be systems in place for continuous monitoring of:
x Pressure and temperature at:
o wellhead, surface test tree, up and downstream of chokes, and annulus.
x sand detection sensor;
x separator oil, gas and water flow rates;
x separator pressure and temperature;
x separator downstream parameters.
The monitoring system shall have 100 % recording redundancy and shall include storage of recorded
data also in case of a power failure.
All sensors and interconnecting cables shall be suitable for installation in a Zone 2 environment.
Original "raw data" and all parameters used in the calculations shall be available upon request.
The data shall be available for transfer on-line in near real-time if required. Field reports in print and

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09


electronic format shall be available on site.

28 NORSOK standard
NORSOK standard D-007 Edition 2, September 2013

$QQH[( QRUPDWLYH 
7HVWWXELQJV\VWHPUHTXLUHPHQWV
((TXLSPHQW
List of equipment typically used for well testing operations when tubing services are called for;
Tubing string for testing:
x test tubing;
x test collars;
x pup joints and handling subs;
x handling equipment;
x crossovers.

(7HVWWXELQJ
x test tubing shall have premium gastight connections;
x length of test tubing shall be Range 2, as per API Spec 5CT;
x pup-joints can be used for space-out purpose;
x test collars shall have premium gastight connections.

Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09

NORSOK standard 29
Provided by Standard Online AS for leejh 2014-05-09