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# Experiment 9: Electromagnetic Induction

Laboratory Report

## Department of Mathematics and Physics

College of Science, University of Santo Tomas
España, Manila, Philippines
II. Theory
Abstract A magnetic field is produced by
electrical currents which could be found in
The purpose of the experiment is to
wires or it could be associated with the
determine how the production of current in
currents produced by an electron orbiting an
the presence of a magnetic field.
atom in accordance with the Lorentz Force
Law. In symbols,
𝐅 = 𝑞(𝐄 + 𝐯 × 𝐁)
Equation 2.0 Lorentz Force Law

Where F = Force
I. Introduction
E = Electric field
In 1831, Michael Faraday, an q = electric charge
v = velocity of the charge
English physicist, performed a series of
B = magnetic field
experiments to determine whether currents
are produced in a magnetic field. He found
out that when a stationary magnet is placed III. Methodology
inside a coil of wire, it will not produce any
current. He later realized that a sudden push In the experiment, two coils of wire
or pull of pole of magnet inside the coil was used. In the first coil, there are 100
produces current as evidenced by the turns of wire. The magnet was then placed
deflection of the needle of a galvanometer. inside the coil facing its north pole. The coil
was connected to galvanometer having a
Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic scale of -10 to +10 and -5 to +5 between it.
Induction is perhaps considered to be the The magnet was then quickly pulled against
most important concept in electromagnetism the coil and the deflection of the needle of
as it bridges the gap between electricity and the galvanometer was recorded. The same
magnetism. Absence of this law will also was done with the south pole of the bar
lead to the absence of modern electronic magnet. The deflection of the needle of the
gadgets such as television, generators, galvanometer was also recorded.
radios, telephones, and others to name a few.
Hence, the objectives of the experiment are In the second coil, having 50 number
to determine how current is induced in a coil of turns, a bar magnet was placed in the
of wire, to identify the factors affecting the middle of the coil. Each pole was placed and
induced current, and to verift Lenz’s Law. then quickly pulled against the coil. The
deflection of the galvanometer for each pole
was recorded.

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IV. Results and Discussions In Table 4.0, it is clearly manifested
that a change in the number of turns of wire
Table 4.0 Deflection of galvanometer
will correspond to the amount of current it
Number of 50 100
will produce. This factor stems from the fact
turns of coil
that the magnetic field strength is directly
North 5 towards 10 towards proportional to the current that will be
the negative the negative produced.

## South 5 towards 10 towards

the positive the positive
Table 4.0 shows the amount of deflection of the
galvanometer corresponding to the number of
V. References
turns in a coil of wire.  Halliday, Resnick & Walker. (1997).
A full-scale deflection of a Fundamentals of physics. New York,
galvanometer is usually small, about 10µA. NY: Wiley.
To determine the accurate amount of
 Knight, R. (2009). Physics for
current, a shunt resistor must be connected
scientists and engineers: Volume 4.
in parallel with the galvanometer. New York, NY: Cengage Learning.
From the table, in the 50 number of
turns of a coil of wire, same amount of  Griffiths, D. (2012). Introduction to
current was observed to both poles when it electrodynamics. New York, NY:
Addison-Wesley.
was quickly pulled but in different
directions. In 100 number of turns of a coil,
both poles deflect the same amount of
current but in different directions. This
corresponds to the fact that when the
number of turns increases, magnetic field
becomes stronger which makes the current
also stronger.

V. Conclusions
From the experiment, it is highly
evident that the current is induced when
there is a sudden change of a magnetic field.
Repeating the same procedure with a
different number of turns of wire, the
galvanometer still deflects its needle. This is
similar to what Faraday had discovered
which states that an electric will produce if a
magnetic field is in relative motion.

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