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Case Name: How to improve PS IRAT HO KPI


Description: In I country B project, the PS 3G to 2G KPI is around 93%, and the target is 95%, we
need improve the KPI.

Alarm: NULL
Handling To optimize IRAT HHO KPI, basic there are 2 ways, one is the basic 2G cell
Process information and neighbor difinition optimization, and the other is paramter
optimization. In the following, I will introduce this 2 ways detailedly.
1. Basic information optimization.

a. In RNC CFGMML, the external 2G Cell information optimization.

In the live 2G network, periodic is is optimized, maybe the 2G

BCCH&BASIC&LAC etc. will changed, and not share with 3G

correlative guy. So this work should be done periodic. The 2G cell

information format requirment share with 3G as below:

2G CELL
GSM L R N B
GSMCELLIND 2G BCC TYPE(NO_CAPABILI
CELL A A C C
EX CI H TY, GSM, GPRS,
NAME C C C C
EDGE)

BLR396 55 39
3961 1 4 7 57 EDGE
A 41 61
BLR396 55 39
3962 1 5 6 60 EDGE
B 41 62

BLR396 55 39
3963 1 2 2 106 EDGE
C 41 63

BLR633 55 63
6331 1 7 7 103 EDGE
A 41 31

BLR633 55 63
6332 1 3 0 61 EDGE
B 41 32
BLR633 55 63
6333 1 3 6 57 EDGE
C 41 33

b. 2G GPRS&EDGE KPI check

As you know, if 3G UE want to handover to 2G, firstly the core network

will help get the 2G resorce for this 3G UE, if this time, the 2G cell

already congested, so the 3G UE will not able to handover to this 2G.

From 3G counter, we can get the failure counter as below:

IRATHO.FailOutPSUTRAN.PhyChFail. This counter means the 2G

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singnal is too low or the 2G network is not availble. So at this time, we

need check the 2G GPRS&EDGE KPI to confirmed, the 2G counter

requirement as below:
Num
ber
of Nu Numbe Numbe
Initia mb Numbe r of Numb r of
lly MA er r of Failed er of Failed
Conf X of Failed Downli Failed Downli
igur PD Rec Uplink nk Uplink nk
ed TC laim GPRS GPRS EGPR EGPR
Cha H ed PDT TBF TBF S TBF S TBF
2 2 2 PCU nnel ( 24 Dyn CH Establi Establi Establi Establi
G G G Utiliz s hou ami utiliz shment shment shmen shment
C S ation (Stat r) c atio s due s due ts due s due
E B L G for ic for PD n for to No to No to No to No
L S A S this PDC this CH this Chann Chann Chann Chann
L C C N BSC H) cell s cell el el el el

If from the above 2G KPI, the 2G PS already congested, the 2G side need

do the optimization or expansion, during this time, we can temporarily

close this 2G cell’s PS IRAT HHO function as below command to avoid

the 3G handover to this 2G cell.

MOD UEXT2GCELL: GSMCellIndex=0, RatCellType=GSM;

After this 2G cell’s PS is normal, we can use below command to enable

the PS IRAT HHO function.

MOD UEXT2GCELL: GSMCellIndex=0, RatCellType=EDGE;

c. 2G Neighbor definition optimization.

Neigbor optimization is a periodic work, in 3G side, we need every 2

weeks to check the neighbor definition is correct or not, the neighbor is

defined or not. And is there any 2G neighbor missing or not.

2. 3G TOPN worst cells optimization

To improve the IRAT HHO, we also need consider the 3G network problem,

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at the condition of the good 3G situation, the improvement of IRAT HHO is

possible. When we found out the cells facing CS&PS issue, we need follow

the below setp to analyze.

a. Alarm is there or not.

b. Get the CS&PS drop reason counter from M2000, from the counter we

can know what is the reason. Base on that we can do further analyze. The

counter is as below attachment.

c. Check the NodeB packet lose rate. Pls follow the guideline attached.

d. If it is ATM site,check the AAL2 PATH configure, if it is IP site, get the IP

PATH configure. Sometime, it will has mistake.

e. Check the site RTWP is normal or not. Using the following guideline.

f. Do the DT around the issue site, check whether there are overshooting,

coverage gap, swap, not proper tilt or azimuth, buliding block, antena

installation problem, neighbor missing or not and etc.

3. After the basic information optimization, if the IRAT issue still there, we need

do some paramter optimization.

a. 3G IRAT HHO Switch audit.

In 3G RNC side, we have 3 IRAT HHO switch to control this function, so

we need make sure this pramter is set correctly. As below:

SET UCORRMALGOSWITCH:

HoSwitch=HO_INTER_RAT_CS_OUT_SWITCH-1&HO_INTER_RAT

_PS_OUT_SWITCH-1;

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SET UHOCOMM:

CoexistMeasThdChoice=COEXIST_MEAS_THD_CHOICE_INTERRA

T;

SET UINTERRATHOCOV:

InterRATCSThd2DEcN0=-13, InterRATCSThd2FEcN0=-11,

InterRATR99PsThd2DEcN0=-13, InterRATHThd2DEcN0=-13,

InterRATR99PsThd2FEcN0=-11, InterRATHThd2FEcN0=-11,

InterRATCSThd2DRSCP=-102, InterRATCSThd2FRSCP=-99,

InterRATR99PsThd2DRSCP=-107, InterRATHThd2DRSCP=-107,

InterRATR99PsThd2FRSCP=-104, InterRATHThd2FRSCP=-104;

b. If the above “a” is no issue, so we can do the further pramter optimization.

As default, in 3G side, we consider when the 2G signal is more than

-95dbm, and the 3G signal meet the IRAT HHO condition, the IRAT

HHO will happen, as you know, when the 3G signal is bad, 2G will also

not very good, and -95dbm for 2G is not a good signal, so we can increase

the 2G signal threshold and Inter-RAT HO Physical Channel Failure

Penalty Timer to make sure when 3G wanto to handover to 2G, the 2G

signal is good. As blow command:

MOD UCELLINTERRATHOCOV:

CellId=0, TargetRatCsThd=26, TargetRatR99PsThd=26,

TargetRatHThd=26, PenaltyTimeForPhyChFail=60;

As experience, this command will increase PS IRAT HHO KPI around

0.7%.

For improving more the IRAT KPI, from RNC side, there are 2 pramter

also can be changed.

RelocIuRelCmdTmr: A timer to RNC wait for the Iu release command

message in relocation procedure. Protocol default value is 45s. Can be

changed to 60s.

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T309: T309 is started after the UE is reselected to a cell belonging to

anotherradio access system in connected mode, or the CELL CHANGE

ORDER FROM UTRAN message is received. It is stopped after the UE is

successfully connected in the new cell. The UE will continue the

connection to UTRAN upon expiry. Protocol default value is 5s. Can be

changed to 8s.

So we can modify this 2 paramter as below:

SET USTATETIMER: RelocIuRelCmdTmr=60000;

SET UCONNMODETIMER: T309=8;

As experience, these 2 command will increase PS IRAT HHO KPI around

1.3%.

c. Following is a Stat. when we change the “a” and “b” pramter.


I-RAT PS
I-RAT PS Att HO I-RAT PS
Start Time Success HO Command
Times(times) Success KPI
Times(times)
03/01/2011 09:00:00 22543 21105 93.62%
03/01/2011 10:00:00 23444 22025 93.95% No Paramter Cha
03/01/2011 11:00:00 24055 22581 93.87%
03/01/2011 15:00:00 24843 23655 95.22% setp b changed
03/01/2011 16:00:00 22771 21855 95.98%
setp a changed
03/01/2011 17:00:00 22720 21810 95.99%

Suggestion: actually this project the PS IRAT KPI is good, how to improve it base on current

good KPI, so we need concern some parameter which maybe can change. In
handover process, the timer is very important. So when we face the similar case,

need to be think about it.

attachment:

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