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THE GLORIOUS PAST & IT’S DESTRUCTION

RECENT RESURGENCE & LIMITATIONS


DEVELOPMENT IN THE FUTURE
By: Rajesh P. Doshi, Marine Engineer doshirajesh53@gmail.com

DEVELOPMENT OF COASTAL & INLAND


SHIPPING IN GUJARAT
HISTORY

 BUSY RIVERINE PORTS – SURAT, BHARUCH,


KHAMBHAT, DAHEJ, GHOGHA, BHAVNAGAR,
MANDVI, MUNDRA, NAVLAKHI, JODIYA, ........
 THOUSANDS OF SAILING VESSELS- TRADING
WITH WEST ASIA & AFRICA
 BRITISH NAVY DESTROYED THE FLEET & IT’S
LAWS RESTRICTED THE TRADE
 SOCIAL RESTRAINT ON SEA TRAVEL
OVERSEAS
 BIGGER VESSELS UNABLE TO NAVIGATE IN
THE SHALLOW WATERS AS RIVERS SILTED
UP
AFTER INDEPENDENCE

 KANDLA PORT including VADINAR– REPLACED


KARACHI – AS A MAJOR PORT
 FORMATION OF Gujarat Maritime Board, 1982
 40+ NON-MAJOR PORTS IN GUJARAT
 New Ports Policy, 1995 – 10 PORT SITES
IDENTIFIED FOR SPECIAL FOCUS ON
PRIVATIZATION
 HAZIRA, DAHEJ, SIKKA, MUNDRA, PIPAVAV,
POSITRA, DHOLERA, MITHIVIRDI, MAROLI, ....
 FIVE OF THEM HAVE DEVELOPED VERY WELL
KEY ELEMENTS : DEVELOPMENT OF
PORTS & SHIPPING
 NATURAL DEPTH OF WATER CLOSE TO
SHORE
 CLEAR NAVIGABLE ROUTE FROM SEA for
current size of International ships
 ACCESSABILITY TO THE HINTERLAND RAIL &
ROAD NETWORK
 INDUSTRIAL UNITS IN PROXIMATE REGION
 DEMAND FOR IMPORT & EXPORT OF RAW
COMMODITIES AND FINISHED GOODS
LIMITATIONS

 ALMOST ALL SUITABLE DEEP WATER SITES


ON GUJARAT COAST ARE UTILIZED
 TIDAL VARIATIONS and CURRENTS -
RESTRICT ACTIVITIES AT MANY PORTS
 HIGH RATE OF SILTATION IN RIVERS and
ESTUARIES MAKE DREDGING
UNECONOMICAL
 LARGE CONTAINER CARRIERS UNABLE TO
SAFELY ENTER IN GULF OF KHAMBHAT
LOOKING FORWARD
 KALPASAR – SWEET WATER LAKE IN GULF OF
KHAMBHAT – STILL A DREAM
 SAGARMALA - BUIDING PORT CAPACITIES –
MAINLY FOR MAJOR PORTS
 ROLL ON- ROLL OFF (RO-RO) and PASSENGER
FERRIES – NEED COSTLY INFRASTRUCTURE,
BUT CAN BE MADE VIABLE IN THE LONG RUN
 MINI-PORTS (TIDAL) WITH BASIC CONTAINER
AND BULK HANDLING INFRASTRUCTURE FOR
CROSS TRADE ACROSS BOTH GULFS (in Gujarat)-
CAN REDUCE STRAIN ON ROAD & RAIL
NETWORK
MINI PORTS – THE CONCEPT
 SITES TO BE SELECTED FROM EXISTING 30+ NON-
FUNCTIONING “NON-MAJOR” PORT LOCATIONS
 SHOULD HAVE WATER DEPTH OVER 3 METRES EVERY
DAY AT HIGH TIDE, EASILY ACCESSIBLE FROM SEA.
 SOFT SANDY SILT FOR SHIP TO BE SAFELY AGROUND
AT LOW TIDE
 ONE OR TWO BERTHS FOR 100 TEU CONTAINER SHIP
OR 3000 TONS BULK CARGO WITH CRANES, STORAGE
YARD & SPACE FOR TRUCK / TRAILOR TURNAROUND
 INDUSTRIAL COMPLEXES IN CLOSE PROXIMITY
 SHORT DISTANCE FROM HIGHWAY AND RAILHEAD.
 SPECIAL STATUS AS MAINLY LOCAL CARGO AND
FEEDER SERVICE TO EXPORT- IMPORT HUBS.
THE PLUS POINTS
 MINIMUM LEGAL HASSLES AS PORTS ARE
ALREADY NOTIFIED.
 MINIMUM COST OF INFRASTRUCTURE
 MINIMUM DREDGING REQUIREMENTS
 DEVELOP LOCAL TALENT FOR MANAGING THE
PORT SERVICES and ALLIED EMPLOYMENT.
 DEVELOP INDUSTRIES IN PROXIMITY FOR EASY
FLOW OF RAW MATERIALS AND FINISHED
GOODS AT LOWER LOGISTICS COSTS
 LOCAL SHIPBUILDING GETS A BOOST TOO.
ACTION PLAN

 APPOINT DEDICATED TASK FORCE WITH MIXED


REPRESENTATION & EFFICIENT FUNCTIONING
 BUDGET REQUIREMENT - IS INDEED LOW
 MOST DATA IS AVAILABLE- SO QUICK SELECTION
 MAKE OPERATIONAL FOUR “MINI PORTS” IN
QUICK TIME- 3YEARS FOR PROOF OF CONCEPT
 REPLICATE AT 10 TO 12 MORE LOCATIONS IF
MODEL IS SUCCESSFUL
PASSENGER & TOURISM ANGLE
 THE URGE FOR SEA TRAVEL NEEDS TO BE
REVIVED IN LOCAL COMMUNITIES
 UNIQUE BENEFITS IN GUJARAT- HERITAGE
CITY, ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES, & EXCELLENT
ATTRACTIONS
 HIGHER PURCHASING POWER & GROWTH IN
TOURIST IN-FLOW
 HIGHEST EMPLOYMENT GENERATION PER
UNIT OF INVESTMENT
 GENUINE TIME SAVING DUE TO SHORTER
ROUTES
THE INLAND WATERWAYS
 SHIPS NEED CONTINUOUS WATER DEPTH
 GUJARAT RIVERS RUN DRY IN PATCHES
AFTER MONSOON, DREDGING IS
UNECONOMICAL
 THE RIVERS ARE NOT NAVIGABLE.
 HOVERCRAFTS ARE MORE SUITED BUT
EXTREMELY COSTLY TO BUILD AND OPERATE
 A MIXED VERSION CALLED “AIRBOAT” HAS
MULTIPLE USE CAPABILITY – PASSENGER
TRANSPORT and SEARCH & RESCUE DURING
FLOODS AND CALAMITIES.
LET US ACT, NOW

PROMPTLY
EFFICIENTLY
DECISIVELY

By: Rajesh P. Doshi, Marine Engineer


doshirajesh53@gmail.com