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BASIC POPULATION INFORMATION ON

BATTICALOA DISTRICT – 2007

Preliminary Report Based on Special Enumeration – 2007

Department of Census and Statistics October 2007

ISBN 978-955-577-614-1

Foreword

The Department of Census and Statistics (DCS), carried out a special enumeration in

Eastern province and in Jaffna district in Northern province. The objective of this

enumeration is to provide the necessary basic information needed to formulate

development programmes and relief activities for the people.

This preliminary publication for Batticaloa district has been compiled from the

reports obtained from the District based on summaries prepared by enumerators and

supervisors. A final detailed information will be disseminated after the computer processing

of questionnaires.

This preliminary release gives some basic information for Batticaloa district, such as

population by divisional secretary’s division, urban/rural population, sex, age (under 18

years and 18 years and over) and ethnicity. Data on displaced persons due to conflict or

tsunami are also included. Some important information which is useful for regional level

planning purposes are given by Grama Niladhari Divisions. This enumeration is based on the

usual residents of households in the district. These figures should be regarded as

provisional.

I wish to express my sincere thanks to the staff of the department and all other

government officials and others who worked with dedication and diligence for the

successful completion of the enumeration. I am also grateful to the general public for

extending their fullest cooperation in this important undertaking. This publication has been

prepared by Population Census Division of this Department.

10 th October 2007

Department of Census and Statistics, 15/12, Maitland Crescent, Colombo 7.

Tel

: (11) 2695291

Fax

: (11) 2697594

Email : dgcensus@sltnet.lk Web : www.statistics.gov.lk

D.B.P. Suranjana Vidyaratne Director General of Census and Statistics

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Acknowledgements

This publication has been prepared by the staff of the Population Census Division under the guidance and direction of Mr. H.R. Gunasekara, Director (Census) assisted by Mr. A.D.H. Gunathilaka and Mr. H.R. Dias, Deputy Directors.

The analysis was carried out by Mr. H.R. Dias, Deputy Director and publication was organized by Mr. W.L.D.P.de.A. Goonatilleke, Senior Statistician. Compilation of statistical tables and the preparation of charts were done by Mr. V.T. Anuruddha, Statistical Assistant. Maps were prepared by Mr. R.D.M. Padmakumara, Data Entry Operator/Coding Clerk. Mr. P.V.D.T.L. Saparamadu, Statistician was responsible for some operational activities of the enumeration stage.

Mr. L.S.J.de.S. Wijeratna, Deputy Director of the field operations division assisted in organizing field arrangements and Mr. D.G.S.G. Munasingha, Deputy Director of the industry, construction, trade & services division was responsible for overall coordination of the districts within Eastern Province.

District statistical staff headed by Mr. S.H. Mansoor, Senior Statistician of Batticaloa district was responsible in conducting and supervising the enumeration activities in the district.

The report was printed by the printing division under the supervision of Mr. W.C. Weerawansa, Senior Statistician, Head of printing division.

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Contents

 

Page

3

Foreword Acknowledgements

4

Contents

5

List of Tables

6

List of Figures

7

District Map; Divisional Secretary’s (DS) Divisions and Urban Areas 2007 Basic Summary Results

8

1. Introduction

9

2. Population Size and Growth

10

3. Population Density

11

4. Population Distribution

12

5. Age –Sex Composition

14

6. Ethnic Distribution

16

7. Displaced Population

20

Appendix Table 1 : Population by Sex, Age, DS division and Grama Niladhari (GN) division, 2007 Table 2 : Number and percentage of displaced population by DS division and Grama Niladhari (GN) division and reason for displacement,

23

2007

32

5

Table

List of Tables

Page

A. Total population, percentage increase and average annual rate of growth, 19632007

10

B. Population density, 19632007

11

C. Number and percentage of population by DS division, 2007

12

D. Number and percentage of population by sector (with urban localities), 2007

14

E. Number and percentage of population by DS division and age under 18 years and 18 years and over, 2007

15

F. Population by DS division and sex, 2007

16

G. Number and percentage of population by ethnicity, 19632007

16

H. Number and percentage of population by DS division and ethnicity, 2007

18

I. Number and percentage of displaced population by DS division and reason for displacement, 2007

20

6

Figure

List of Figures

Page

A. Population size and average annual rate of growth, 19632007

10

B. Population density, 19632007

11

C. Population distribution by DS divisions, 2007

13

D. Percentage distribution of population by ethnicity, 2007

17

E. Major ethnic group of the population by DS divisions, 2007

19

F. Displaced population by DS divisions, 2007

21

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8
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8
8

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Special Enumeration 2007 POPULATION INFORMATION ON BATTICALOA DISTRICT

BASIC SUMMARY RESULTS

1. Introduction

The Census of Population and Housing –2001 was unable to carryout completely in Northern and Eastern provinces. In order to overcome the lack of data required for ongoing development programmes in Northern and Eastern provinces, Department of Census and Statistics has carried out a special enumeration in Jaffna district in Northern province and in Batticaloa, Trincomalee and Ampara districts in Eastern province. This is a complete enumeration covering all the persons who are usual residents of households in the district. Usual residence is defined as the housing unit or collective living quarter at which the person usually lives, i.e. sleeps, keeps his clothes and other belongings etc. It is the residence from which a person generally goes to work or if a student, attends school. This ‘de jure’ method of enumeration differs from the ‘de facto’ approach used during the last Censuses in which people were enumerated during a specified period (usually 6 hours) at the place where they are found irrespective of the usual residence. Basic demographic information such as date of birth, sex, marital status, religion, ethnicity, relationship to head of household, number of displaced persons, reason for displacement etc. were collected through a carefully designed schedule. An enumerator for each Grama Niladhari (GN) division and a supervisor for 10 GN divisions were appointed with the help of District administration. The enumerator listed all the building units and collected the information visiting each and every building unit within the area allocated to him/her. Close supervision has been maintained throughout the enumeration by supervisors. The necessary administrative arrangements in the district were carried out by the District Secretary and Divisional Secretaries and all the technical guidance was provided by the staff of the Department of Census and Statistics. Enumeration was carried out during the first three weeks of August 2007.

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2.

Population Size and Growth

The total population enumerated in the Batticaloa district is 515,857. This represents 56.2 percent increase since the last Census in 1981. The average annual growth rate during the period of 1981 2007 shows a decline from 2.7 percent to 1.7 percent. The enumerated population, intercensal increase, and average annual growth rates are shown in Table A and Figure A for the district.

Table A : Total population, percentage increase and average annual rate of growth, 1963 2007

Year

Population

Increase

Average annual rate of growth (percent)

 

No.

%

1963

196,189

1971

256,721

60,532

30.9

3.3

1981

330,333

73,612

28.7

2.7

2007

515,857

185,524

56.2

1.7

Note : 1963, 1971 and 1981 figures are from the corresponding Population Censuses

Figure A : Population size and average annual rate of growth, 1963 – 2007

Population Growth rate ('000) (percent) 600 3.5 3 500 2.5 400 2 300 1.5 200
Population
Growth rate
('000)
(percent)
600
3.5
3
500
2.5
400
2
300
1.5
200
1
100
0.5
0
0
1963
1971
1981
2007
600 3.5 3 500 2.5 400 2 300 1.5 200 1 100 0.5 0 0 1963

Population

Year

600 3.5 3 500 2.5 400 2 300 1.5 200 1 100 0.5 0 0 1963

Grow th rate

Note : 1963, 1971 and 1981 figures are from the corresponding Population Censuses

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3.

Population Density

Population density measured as the number of persons per unit area of land is

shown in Table B and Figure B. Population density stands at 198 persons per square kilometer in the district. Population density is shown a significant increase from 1971 to

2007.

Table B : Population density, 1963 2007

Year

Population

Population

density

(persons per

sq. km.)

1963 196,189

1971 256,721

1981 330,333

2007 515,857

81

105

134

198

Note : 1963, 1971 and 1981 figures are from the corresponding Population Censuses

Figure B : Population density, 1963 – 2007

250 200 150 100 50 0 1963 1971 1981 2007 Population density (per sq. km.)
250
200
150
100
50
0
1963
1971
1981
2007
Population density (per sq. km.)

Year

Note : 1963, 1971 and 1981 figures are from the corresponding Popula ti on Censuses

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4.

Population Distribution

Number and percentage of population by Divisional Secretariat (DS) division is shown in Table C. Manmunai North DS division reports the highest population while Koralai Pattu South (Kiran) DS division reports the lowest population in the district. The pattern of the population distribution is shown in Figure C.

Table C : Number and percentage of population by DS division, 2007

DS division

Population

No.

%

Batticaloa District

515,857

100.0

Koralai Pattu North (Vaharai) Koralai Pattu West (Oddamavadi) Koralai Pattu (Valachchenai) Eravur Pattu Eravur Town Manmunai North Kattankudy Manmunai Pattu (Araipattai) Manmunai SouthWest Poratheevu Pattu Manmunai South & Eruvil Pattu Koralai Pattu Central Koralai Pattu South (Kiran) Manmunai West

21,263

4.1

20,985

4.1

24,589

4.8

75,886

14.7

25,024

4.9

88,459

17.1

39,523

7.7

30,747

6.0

23,988

4.7

38,282

7.4

57,917

11.2

24,510

4.8

19,659

3.8

25,025

4.9

According to the current definition, urban sector comprised of all Municipal and Urban Council areas. The definition of urban sector is not comparable between 1981 Census which is the last completed census for Batticaloa district and this enumeration. This happened as a consequence of abolishing town councils which were treated as urban in the 1981 Census and absorbing the administration of such areas into Pradesheeya Sabhas which are considered as rural since 1987. Therefore the Urban population figures and percentages should be interpreted cautiously.

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13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13
13

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Table D : Number and percentage of population by sector (with urban localities), 2007

Population

Sector and urban locality

 

No.

%

Batticaloa District

515,857

100.0

Urban Batticaloa Municipal Council Kattankudy Urban Council

127,982

24.8

88,459

17.1

39,523

7.7

Rural

387,875

75.2

Table D shows the population distribution by sectors. Urban and Rural percentages are 24.8 and 75.2 respectively.

5. Age Sex composition

At this preliminary stage, age distribution is available only as dichotomy, i.e. population under 18 years and 18 years and over.

Number and percentage distribution of population by age, under 18 years and 18 years and over by divisional secretariat divisions are shown in Table E. It is seen that 39.9 percent of the population are under 18 years and 60.1 percent are 18 years and over.

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Table E : Number and percentage of population by DS division and age under 18 years and 18 years and over, 2007

DS division

Total

population

Age

Under 18 years 18 years and over

 

No.

%

No.

%

Batticaloa District

515,857 205,850

39.9

310,007

60.1

Koralai Pattu North (Vaharai) Koralai Pattu West (Oddamavadi) Koralai Pattu (Valachchenai) Eravur Pattu Eravur Town Manmunai North Kattankudy Manmunai Pattu (Araipattai) Manmunai SouthWest Poratheevu Pattu Manmunai South & Eruvil Pattu Koralai Pattu Central Koralai Pattu South (Kiran) Manmunai West

21,263

9,724 45.7

11,539

54.3

20,985

8,187 39.0

12,798

61.0

24,589

10,011 40.7

14,578

59.3

75,886

32,731 43.1

43,155

56.9

25,024

9,457 37.8

15,567

62.2

88,459

30,620 34.6

57,839

65.4

39,523

15,785 39.9

23,738

60.1

30,747

11,578 37.7

19,169

62.3

23,988

9,873

41.2

14,115

58.8

38,282

16,014 41.8

22,268

58.2

57,917

21,618 37.3

36,299

62.7

24,510

10,230 41.7

14,280

58.3

19,659

8,832

44.9

10,827

55.1

25,025

11,190 44.7

13,835

55.3

Sex composition of a certain population refers to the distribution of people according to sex. A useful measure of sex composition is the sex ratio, which is defined as the number of males per 100 females in the population. Population by sex and sex ratio by DS divisions are shown in Table F.

Male population of Batticaloa district is less than the female population. This is the pattern for all the DS divisions, as the sex ratios are below 100. Among 14 DS divisions, of the district, the highest sex ratio of 99.2 was recorded for Koralai Pattu Central divisional secretariat. Eravur Town DS division also recorded a sex ratio of 99.

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Table F : Population by DS division and sex, 2007

 

Sex

DS division

Total

Male

Female

Sex ratio

Batticaloa District

515,857 248,879 266,978

93.2

Koralai Pattu North (Vaharai) Koralai Pattu West (Oddamavadi) Koralai Pattu (Valachchenai) Eravur Pattu Eravur Town Manmunai North Kattankudy Manmunai Pattu (Araipattai) Manmunai South West Poratheevu Pattu Manmunai South & Eruvil Pattu Koralai Pattu Central Koralai Pattu South (Kiran) Manmunai West

21,263

10,388

10,875

95.5

20,985

10,419

10,566

98.6

24,589

11,683

12,906

90.5

75,886

36,654

39,232

93.4

25,024

12,450

12,574

99.0

88,459

42,410

46,049

92.1

39,523

19,436

20,087

96.8

30,747

14,721

16,026

91.9

23,988

11,741

12,247

95.9

38,282

17,714

20,568

86.1

57,917

27,399

30,518

89.8

24,510

12,207

12,303

99.2

19,659

9,294

10,365

89.7

25,025

12,363

12,662

97.6

6. Ethnic Distribution

Table G : Number and percentage of population by ethnicity, 1963 2007

Ethnicity

Year

Total

population

Sinhalese

Sri Lanka

Tamil

Indian

Tamil

Sri Lanka

Moor

Other

 

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

1963

196,189 6,715

3.4 139,454 71.1

1,656 0.8

46,038 23.5

2326 1.2

1971

256,721

11,548

4.5 177,275 69.1

4,252 1.7

60,889 23.7

2757 1.1

1981

330,333

11,255

3.4 233,713 70.8

4,074 1.2

78,829 23.9

2462 0.7

2007

515,857 2,397

0.5 381,841 74.0

143 0.0 128,964 25.0

2512 0.5

Note : 1963, 1971 and 1981 figures are from the corresponding population censuses

Number and percentage distribution of population by ethnicity from 1963 to 2007 is shown in Table G. It is seen that 74.0 percent of the population in Batticaloa district are Sri

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Lanka Tamils in 2007. Sinhalese and Sri Lanka Moor comprises of 0.5 percent, 25.0 percent respectively. (See Figure D).

Figure D : Percentage distribution of population by ethnicity, 2007

Sri Lanka

Moor, (25.0%) Other*, (0.5%) Sinhalese, (0.5%) Sri Lanka Tamil,
Moor,
(25.0%)
Other*,
(0.5%)
Sinhalese,
(0.5%)
Sri Lanka
Tamil,

(74.0%)

* Including Indian Tamil

Number and percentage distribution of ethnicity by DS divisions is shown in Table H. Out of 14 DS divisions in the district, Sri Lanka Tamil is the major ethnic group in 10 DS divisions. In the rest of 4 DS divisions viz Kattankudy, Koralai Pattu West, Koaralai Pattu Central and Eravur Town, Sri Lanka Moor is the major ethnic group. Percentage of major ethnic groups of the population by DS divisions are shown in Figure E.

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Table H : Number and percentage of population by DS division and ethnicity, 2007

Ethnicity

 

Total

Sri Lanka

Indian

Sri Lanka

 

DS division

population

Sinhalese

Tamil

Tamil

Moor

Burgher

Malay

Other

 
 

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%

No.

% No.

% No.

%

Batticaloa District

515,857

2,397 0.5 381,841 74.0

143 0.0 128,964 25.0

2,412 0.5

81 0.0

19 0.0

Koralai Pattu North (Vaharai) Koralai Pattu West (Oddamavadi) Koralai Pattu (Valachchenai) Eravur Pattu Eravur Town Manmunai North Kattankudy Manmunai Pattu (Araipattai) Manmunai South West Poratheevu Pattu Manmunai South & Eruvil Pattu Koralai Pattu Central Koralai Pattu South (Kiran) Manmunai West

21,263

1

0.0

21,262 100.0

 

‐‐

‐‐

‐‐

20,985

3 0.0

147

0.7

20,832

99.3

3 0.0

‐‐

‐‐

24,589

69

0.3

24,436

99.4

18 0.1

25

0.1

40 0.2

1 0.0

75,886

1,430 1.9

61,058 80.5

7 0.0

13,333 17.6

58 0.1

‐‐

‐‐

25,024

4 0.0

3,497

14.0

21,447

85.7

76 0.3

‐‐

‐‐

88,459

226

0.3

82,031

92.7

63 0.1

3,845

4.3

2,197 2.5

80 0.1

17 0.0

39,523

5

0.0

39,517 100.0

 

‐‐

‐‐

1 0.0

30,747

1

0.0

24,202

78.7

2 0.0

6,541

21.3

1 0.0

‐‐

‐‐

23,988

199 0.8

23,789 99.2

 

‐‐

‐‐

‐‐

38,282

354

0.9

37,927

99.1

1 0.0

‐‐

‐‐

57,917

18

0.0

57,855

99.9

39 0.1

3

0.0

1

0.0

1 0.0

24,510

84 0.3

969

4.0

23,421

95.6

36 0.1

‐‐

‐‐

19,659

7

0.0

19,639

99.9

13 0.1

‐‐

‐‐

25,025

1

0.0

25,024 100.0

 

‐‐

‐‐

‐‐

18

19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19

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7.

Displaced Population

Table I : Number and percentage of displaced population by DS division and reason for displacement, 2007

Reason for displacement

DS division

Total

Total

Due to

Due to

Not

population

displaced

conflict

tsunami

displaced

 

No.

%

No.

%

Batticaloa District

515,857

47,558 40,833

85.9

6,725 14.1 468,299

Koralai Pattu North (Vaharai) Koralai Pattu West (Oddamavadi) Koralai Pattu (Valachchenai) Eravur Pattu Eravur Town Manmunai North Kattankudy Manmunai Pattu (Araipattai) Manmunai South West Poratheevu Pattu Manmunai South & Eruvil Pattu Koralai Pattu Central Koralai Pattu South (Kiran) Manmunai West

21,263

5,435

1,093

20.1

4,342 79.9

15,828

20,985

42

27

64.3

15 35.7

20,943

24,589

2,702

2,702 100.0

21,887

75,886

17,586 17,276

98.2

310

1.8

58,300

25,024

91

84

92.3

7

7.7

24,933

88,459

9,771

9,081 92.9

690

7.1

78,688

39,523

263

237

90.1

26

9.9

39,260

30,747

1,529

874

57.2

655 42.8

29,218

23,988

363

357

98.3

6

1.7

23,625

38,282

451

442

98.0

9

2.0

37,831

57,917

2,306

1,967

85.3

339 14.7

55,611

24,510

604

582

96.4

22

3.6

23,906

19,659

6,411

6,107 95.3

304

4.7

13,248

25,025

4

4 100.0

25,021

One who change his/her place of residence due to conflict or tsunami is identified as a displaced person. People are completely displaced in 23 Grama Niladhari divisions which belong to 3 DS divisions in Batticaloa district mainly due to conflict. Out of total 47,558 displaced persons in the district, 40,833 are displaced due to conflict. Rest are displaced due to tsunami disaster. These displaced persons are living in 48 welfare centres situated in 7 DS divisions in the district at the time of enumeration . Highest number of displaced persons (40.0 percent) are recorded from Eravur Pattu DS division. This is schematically shown in Figure F.

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APPENDIX

Special Enumeration, 2007

Table 1 : Population by sex, age, DS division and Grama Niladhari (GN) division, 2007

Sex

Age

Total

 

population

Male Female

Under 18

18 years

 

years

and over

Batticaloa District

515,857 248,879 266,978

205,850

310,007

Koralai Pattu North (Vaharai)

21,263

10,388 10,875

9,724

11,539

211

Mankerny Central

547

256

291

250

297

211

A

Kayankerni

975

460

515

473

502

211

B

Punanai East (part)

2,275

1,109

1,166

1,068

1,207

211

C

Panichankerni

1,776

819

957

778

998

211

D

Vattavan

1,161

537

624

524

637

211

E

Mathurankernikulam

983

504

479

402

581

211

F

Kirimichai

990

476

514

441

549

211

G

Mankerny South

821

390

431

406

415

212

Vaharai Central

319

158

161

120

199

212

A

Vaharai North

1,758

841

917

687

1,071

212

B

Ooriyankattu

1,902

965

937

856

1,046

213

Kathiraveli

2,287

1,160

1,127

1,112

1,175

213

A

Palchenai

1,900

914

986

951

949

213

B

Kaddumurivu

626

293

333

303

323

213

C

Puchakerni

1,369

694

675

656

713

213

D

Ammanthanaveli

1,574

812

762

697

877

Koralai Pattu West (Oddamavadi)

20,985

10,419 10,566

8,187

12,798

207

Meeravodai Muslim West

2,614

1,299

1,315

1,090

1,524

207

A

Mancholai

2,238

1,060

1,178

846

1,392

207

B

Meeravodai Muslim East

2,992

1,468

1,524

1,134

1,858

208

Oddamavady 3

2,452

1,207

1,245

950

1,502

208

B

Oddamavady 1 South

2,162

1,101

1,061

770

1,392

208

B/2

Oddamavady 1 North

3,055

1,520

1,535

1,203

1,852

208

C

Oddamavady 2

2,165

1,106

1,059

819

1,346

210

Paper Town

3,307

1,658

1,649

1,375

1,932

Koralai Pattu (Valachchenai)

24,589

11,683 12,906

10,011

14,578

202

Meeravodai Tamil

831

407

424

378

453

202

A

Karuwakerny

2,140

983

1,157

832

1,308

202

B

Kinnayadi

2,677

1,283

1,394

1,275

1,402

202

C

Sungankerni

2,088

1,056

1,032

981

1,107

203

B

Kumburumoolai

583

270

313

207

376

204

Kalkuda

2,012

994

1,018

800

1,212

204

A

Kalmadu

4,673

2,236

2,437

2,001

2,672

205

Valaichenai Tamil

1,395

630

765

449

946

205

A

Puthukudiyiruppu

2,010

924

1,086

663

1,347

205

B

Pethalai

2,912

1,370

1,542

1,112

1,800

205

C

Nasivanthivu

1,060

494

566

510

550

DS division and GN division

23

Special Enumeration, 2007

Table 1 : (Contd.) Population by sex, age, DS division and Grama Niladhari (GN) division, 2007

Sex

Age

Total

 

population

Male Female

Under 18

18 years

 

years

and over

205

D

Kannakipuram

2,208

1,036

1,172

803

1,405

Eravur Pattu

75,886

36,654 39,232

32,731

43,155

146

Periyapullumalai * koppaveli * Rugam * Karadiyanaru * Kithulwewa * Marappalam * Pankudavely * Veppavadduvan * Arumugathan Kudiyiruppu 1 Thannamunai Mailampaveli Thalavai Arumugathan Kudiyiruppu 2 Savukkadi Iyankerni Chenkallady 01 Chenkallady 2 Koduwamadu * Kumaraveliyarkiramam Kommathurai East Kommathurai West Kommathurai North Vantharumoolai East Mavadivembu 1 Vantharumoolai West Palacholai' Mailavaddavan * Mavadivembu 2 Kaluwankerni 1 Kaluwankerni 2 Sithandy 1 Sithandy 2 Sithandy 3 Sithandy 4

‐‐‐

146

A

‐‐‐

185

‐‐‐

185

A

‐‐‐

185

B

‐‐‐

185

C

‐‐‐

186

‐‐‐

186

A

‐‐‐