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Eitan Boaz

Ms Nicoll

7th Grade History

March 27, 2017

Inventions in China

Trace the historic influence of such discoveries as tea, the manufacture of paper,

wood-block printing, the compass, and gunpowder.

Paper and wood blocking influenced Medieval China. 105 C.E. Is often cited as the year

in which papermaking was invented. “For a long time only the Chinese knew the secret of paper

manufacture. However in 751 C.E. the T'ang army was defeated. The Arabs learned paper

making from the Chinese prisoners and built the first paper industry in Baghdad in 793 C.E.”

(silk-road.com). Around 600 C.E. woodblock printing was invented and by 740 C.E., The first

printed newspaper was seen in China. It remained the most common East Asian method of

printing books, texts, and images, until the 19th century. Paper and woodblocking allowed China

to write down important records. The compass and gunpowder helped China get powerful.

The compass and gunpowder help China conquer. “The compass was invented in Han

dynasty China between 300 and 200 BC. The compass was later used for navigation by the Song

Dynasty” (Merrill, Ronald T.; McElhinny, Michael W.). Ancient Chinese alchemists were trying

to find a potion for immortality and they ended up making gunpowder. When the Chinese found

out that it exploded they used it for fireworks. After a few hundred years they started using it in

war. The invention of the compass and the invention of gunpowder changed the course of

history. Another big invention in Medieval China is tea.


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Tea changed the course of China. The original idea is credited to the legendary Emperor

Shennong. “A story goes that, one summer day, while visiting a distant part of Emperor Shen

Nong's realm, he and the court stopped to rest. In accordance with his ruling, the servants began

to boil water for the court to drink. Dried leaves fell into the boiling water. As a scientist, the

Emperor was interested in the new liquid, drank some. And so, according to legend, tea was

created in 2737 BC” (China Highlights). In the beginning, tea was used in ritual offerings. Then,

tea leaves were eaten as a vegetable, or used in medicine. Because of China, tea is famous today.

In all, Chinese inventions influenced the modern day.

Without these inventions life in the modern day would be very different. Tea, the

manufacture of paper and wood-block printing, the compass, and gunpowder influenced history.

Paper and woodblocking allowed China to write down important records and allowed us to know

more about Medieval China. The compass and gunpowder help China conquer. Because of

China, tea is famous today. China’s inventions influenced history.


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Works Cited

“History of Chinese Tea”, ​China Highlights​, https://www.Chinahighlights.com/travelguide/chinese-tea/

“History of paper”, ​Silkroad Fou​ndation, 1​ 997-2000​, ​http://www.silk-road.com/artl/papermaking.shtml

Merril, Ronald, The Earth's Magnetic Field: Its History, Origin, and Planetary Perspective,

Academic Pr , 1983

Ross, Cody, “Gunpowder”, ​four river scharter​,

http://fourriverscharter.org/projects/Inventions/pages/China_gunpowder.htm