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36Kg/s H2, N2 and NH3)

(Mixture of H2 and N2) H2:N2=4.25:1

Chemical Process Calculations Do the DOF analysis(Ans=0)

CHE F211: With reactions MATBALC Determine the composition of the product stream
Determine the total flowrate of the product stream

nN2 0.8
Chemical process Calculation
Ans: nH2 3.4
nNH3 0.4

Solve Solve
An ammonia converter is fed with a mixture of nitrogen and hydrogen.
Calculate the excess air used in a furnace when the dry Conversion of ammonia is 25% based on nitrogen fed in the convertor.
All of the ammonia formed from the reactor is separated by liquefaction
flue gas Orsat analysis is CO2-8.2, O2 – 9.9, CO-0.1, H2- and the unconverted reactants are recycled back and mixed with the
feed stream to be fed in the convertor. Evaluate the following, if the
0.4, N2-81.4 (everything is in %). fresh feed and recycle are at 873K and 2.5 atm gauge pressure, the
Assume the nitrogen source is only air. ammonia production rate is 8500 Kg/hr.
• A labeled flowsheet of the process, indicating all the units and sub-
Ans: Oxygen excess : 9.65 units (DO it yourself)
• Degree of freedom analysis of the units and sub-units (DO it
% Excess: 80.48% yourself)
• Recycle ratio (Ans=3000/1000 =3)
• The volume of the fresh feed (Ans: 1000 kmol feed– convert it into
volume using PV=nRT gives- V= 19293.47 m3)
• Volume of the recycle required (Ans: 3000kmol recycled-
conversion into volume gives: 57880.41 m3)

Solve Answer to previous problem

Commercially nitric acid is produced by air oxidation of ammonia
according to the given flow diagram. a. NO 58.82 kmoles9.75%
The reactions expected to occur are H2O  88.2kmoles14.63%
Ammonia oxidation: 2NH3+5/2 O2 = 2NO + 3H2O O2 37.7kmoles 6.25%
Reaction in the absorber: 2NO +3/2 O2+H2O = 2HNO3
N2 418.2 kmoles69.6%
Assuming complete oxidation of NH3 to NO.
a) Find the composition (Mole %) of the gas leaving the oxidation unit.
b. Air to be supplied 30.57 kmoles 885.6 Kg
(Ans in next slide)
b) How much air is to be supplied to the absorber to completely
convert the NO formed to HNO3. (Ans in next slide)
1000Kg NH3 H2O

10% NH3, unit
90 % Air (Mole %) HNO3


Solve: Combustion of Coal

A local utility burns coal having the The average Orsat analysis of the • Moisture in the coal was 3.90% and the air on the
following composition on a dry flue gas during a 24-hr test average contained 0.0048 lbm H2O/lbm dry air.
basis: was:
• The refuse showed 14.0% combined elements as in the
Component Percent coal (i.e. C, H, O, N, S) and the remainder being ash. It
C 83.05 Component Percent may be assumed that these combined elements occur in
CO2+SO2 15.4 the same proportions as they do in the coal.
H 4.45
CO 0.0 • Estimate the amount of amount of flue-gas (dry basis),
O 3.36
O2 4.0 • amount of water coming out of the process, and the
N 1.08
%excess air.
S 0.70 N2 80.6
Solved problem from HIMMELBLAU, check the combustion
Ash 7.36 Total 100.00 section for answers.
Total 100.00


For coal containing moisture