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G.R. No. 133064 September 16 1999 QUESTIONS?

1994, RA No. 7720 effected the conversion of the municipality of Santiago, Isabela, Name
into an independent component city. July 4th, RA No. 7720 was approved by the
people of Santiago in a plebiscite. 1998, RA No. 8528 was enacted and it amended
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RA No. 7720 that practically downgraded the City of Santiago from an independent
component city to a component city. Petitioners assail the constitutionality of RA
No. 8528 for the lack of provision to submit the law for the approval of the people
of Santiago in a proper plebiscite.

Respondents defended the constitutionality of RA No. 8528 saying that the said act
merely reclassified the City of Santiago from an independent component city into
a component city. It allegedly did not involve any “creation, division, merger,
abolition, or substantial alteration of boundaries of local government units,”
therefore, a plebiscite of the people of Santiago is unnecessary. They also
questioned the standing of petitioners to file the petition and argued that the CATEGORIES
petition raises a political question over which the Court lacks jurisdiction.

ISSUE: Whether or not the Court has jurisdiction over the petition at bar. Constitutional Law 1

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Yes. RA No. 8528 is declared unconstitutional. That Supreme Court has the Criminal Law Cases
jurisdiction over said petition because it involves not a political question but a
justiciable issue, and of which only the court could decide whether or not a law Haiku Case Digest
passed by the Congress is unconstitutional.
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That when an amendment of the law involves creation, merger, division, abolition
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or substantial alteration of boundaries of local government units, a plebiscite in
the political units directly affected is mandatory. Taxation
Petitioners are directly affected in the imple-mentation of RA No. 8528. Miranda
was the mayor of Santiago City, Afiado was the President of the Sangguniang Liga,
together with 3 other petitioners were all residents and voters in the City of Activist Post
Santiago. It is their right to be heard in the conversion of their city through a
plebiscite to be conducted by the COMELEC. Thus, denial of their right in RA No. Audio Codals
8528 gives them proper standing to strike down the law as unconstitutional.
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Sec. 1 of Art. VIII of the Constitution states that: the judicial power shall be vested
in one Supreme Court and in such lower courts as may be established by law. Music Playlist for Study
Judicial power includes the duty of the courts of justice to settle actual
controversies involving rights which are legally demandable and enforceable, and Phil Jurisprudence
to determine whether or not there has been a grave abuse of discretion
amounting to lack or excess of jurisdiction on the part of any branch or instru-
mentality of the Government. About Skinny Cases

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Life, liberty, and property do not exist
Newer Post Older Post because men have made laws. On the
contrary, it was the fact that life, liberty,
and property existed beforehand that
caused men to make laws in the first
place. -Frederic Bastiat

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