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GLOSAR EKONOMSKI TERMINI

administracija administration
administrativan administrative
administrator administrator
aerodrom airport, airfield
afera affair
akcija share, stock
akcionar stockholder, shareholder
akcionarski corporate, stock
akciza excise
akontacija advance payment
akreditirati to give money on credit
akreditiv letter of credit
akt act, deed, enactment
akta files, records
aktiva assets
aktivirati to activate, to vitalize
aktivnost activity
aktuelan current, up to date, relevant
alternacija alternation
alternativa alternative, option
alternativan alternative, optional
amortizacija amortization, depreciation, redemption
amortizovati to amortize, to redeem, to depreciate, to write off
angažman engagement
anulirati to annul, to avoid, to abrogate, to cancel
aprioran a priori
apstraktan abstract
apsurdan absurd, nonsensical, preposterous
aranžman arrangement, agreement, deal, contract
artikal article, commodity, item, product
asortiman assortment, choice, line, range, selection, variety
aukcija auction, auction sale, public sale
avans advance payment
ažuran prompt, up to date
ažurirati to bring up to date, to update
bankar banker
bankarstvo banking
banket banquet, carousal
bankomat automatic telling machine
bankovni bank
bankrot bankruptcy, insolvency
bankrotirati to become bankrupt, to go bankrupt, to become insolvent
berza stock excange, stock market, crna ~ black market;~ rada employment office
berzijanac stock-market operator
bescarinski duty-free
beskamatni interest free
beskorisno useless
besparica moneyless
besplatan free, gratis
bezbroj multitude
bezbrojan incomputable, innumerable, countless
bilans balance; balance sheet; ~ plaćanja ili platni ~ balance of payments; ~ spoljne trgovine foreign
trade balance
blagajna cashdesk, cashier's desk; cashier; ~ uzajamne pomoći mutual aid fund
blago treasure, wealth
blanko blank; ~ ček blank check; ~ potpis carte blanche
blokiran locked, blocked, frozen
brodogradilište shipyard
brodograditelj shipbuilder
brodogradnja shipbuilding
brodovlasnik shipowner
brošura pamphlet, brochure
bruto gross; ~ težina gross weight; ~ cena gross price
carina customs; duty; tariff; uvozna (izvozna) ~ import (export) duty; platiti ~u (na nešto) to pay duty
(on smt.); na ~i at (while clearing) customs; oslobođen (od) ~e duty free; prijaviti nešto na ~u (za ~u)
to declare smt. at customs; podlegati ~i to be subject to duty; zaštitne ~e protective tariffs; ~
službenik (pregled) customs official (inspection); ~e odredbe customs regulations; ~a tarifa tariff; ~a
deklaracija customs declaration; ~ savez customs union; ~ posrednik (prekršaj) customs broker
(violation)
carinarnica customs house, customs station, customs office
cariniti to pay duty on, to clear through customs
carinski customs
cena price: niska (visoka) ~ low (high) price; spuštene (slobodne, maksimalne, vezane) ~e reduced
(free, ceiling, fixed) prices; odrediti (podići ili povisiti, spustiti ili sniziti) ~e to fix (raise, lower) prices;
tržišna ~ market price; po svaku ~u at any price; u pola ~e at half price
četvorogodišnji quadrennial, lasting four years
četvrt quarter
cifarnik dial
cifra digit, figure
ciklus cycle, period, series; ekonomski ~ business cycle
čist clear, net; ~ prihod net income; ~a dobit net profit
čvrstoća (valute) firmness
darodavac donor, giver
dažbine duties, dues, taxes
deduktivan deductive
defekt defect, flaw; roba sa ~om defective merchandise
deficit deficit, deficiency, shortage; trgovinski ~ trade deficit; biti u ~u to be in the red; ~rni artikli
articles in short supply
deficitaran scarce; ~ni artikli scarce items
dejstvo effect, action; bez ~a without effect; stupiti u ~ to go into action
deliti to divide, to seperate, to share
denuncijacija denunciation
deonica share, section, part
deoničar shareholder
depeša dispatch
depozit deposit, account in a bank
direkcija main office, head office, headquarters, management
direktan direct
direktor director, manager; ~ zavoda director of an institute; ~ preduzeća manager of a firm; ~
fabrike (filijale) plant (branch) manager
dobavljač supplier, purveyor
dobit profit, gain
dobiti to receive, to obtain, to acquire, to get; ~ pismo (poklon) to receive a letter (a gift); ~ novac to
obtain money; ~ na dar to receive as a gift; ~ naredbu to receive an order; ~ većinu glasova to obtain
a majority of the votes; ~ mesto to get a job; ~ robu (porudžbinu, obaveštenje, vest, odgovor,
potvrdu) to receive merchandise (an order, an announcement, news, an answer, confirmation)
dogovarati to settle, to negotiate; to agree
dohodak income, revenue; godišnji ~ yearly income; čist (bruto) ~ net (gross) income; nacionalni ~
gross national income; ~ po stanovniku per capita income; porez na ~ income tax; ~ od autorskih
prava income from royalties
dopis report
dostići achieve, reach, attain, overtake
dostignuće accomplishment, achievement
dotacija subsidy, subvention
dug debt; obligation; uzeti (kupiti) na ~ to buy on credit; pasti u ~ to get into debt; praviti (platiti)
~ove to incur (pay) debts; odricati (odreći) ~ to repudiate a debt; otpisati ~ to write off a debt; grcati
(plivati) u ~ovima to be up to one's ears in debt; uterati ~ove to collect debts
dugovati to owe
dužnik debtor; glavni (regresni) ~ci primary (secondary) parties
efektivan effectual, actual, real
ekonomičan economical
ekonomičnost economy; thrift; frugality
ekonomija economy, economics
ekonomisanje economisation, thrift
ekonomisati to economise, to retrench
ekonomista economist
ekonomska nauka economics
ekspedicija expedition
ekspeditivan expeditious, efficient
ekspertiza expert opinion
eksplicitno explicitly
emitovati to transmit
eskont discount; ~a stopa discount rate
eskontovati to discount
etiketa label, etiquette
fabrika factory, plant; raditi u ~ci to work in a factory; ~ konzervi canning factory; ~ automobila
automobile factory (plant); ~ za preradu drveta sawmill
fabrički of the factory; ~ proizvodi manufactured products; po ~oj ceni at the factory price; ~ radnik
factory worker; ~a oznaka bench mark; ~ žig trademark
fah field, specialty; poštanski ~ post-office box
faks fax
faktura invoice
fakturisati to invoice
filijala branch office, subsidiary
fiskalni fiscal
fond fund, stock; reserve; penzioni ~ pension fund; investicioni ~ investment fund
format size
fotokopiranje photo copying
fotokopirati to photocopy
fraza phrase, expression
funkcija role, function
funkcionalan functional
funkcionisati to function, to operate, to work
garancija guaranty; warranty; ~ od tri godine a three-year guarantee (warranty); ~ ističe the warranty
is running out; pod ~om under warranty
garantni warranty; ~ list written guarantee (warranty); ~ rok warranty period; ~a menica letter of
credit
garant guarantee
gazda proprietor, manager, master, boss, owner
geslo motto
glavnica capital, funds; principal (of a loan); interes na ~u interest on the principal
grafikon graph
honorisati to pay a fee (honorarium) for
indigo-papir carbon paper
inicijativa initiative
inicirati to initiate
integracija integration, merger, consolidation
interes interest (on money); ova banka daje 10 odsto ~a (~ od 10 odsto) na uloge this bank gives 10%
interest on deposits; složeni ~ compound interest
interval interval
iskustvo experience
istrajan persistent, steadfast
istrajati to persevere, to endure, to persist
istrajnost perseverance, endurance, persistence
izdvojiti to separate, to single out
izgled appearance, look; prospects, hopes
iznos amount, sum
izraditi to make, to manufacture, to produce
izumeti to invent
izveštaj account, report, statement
izvod abstract; ~ o stanju računa statement of an account
izvoz export; roba za ~ goods intended for export; ~na trgovina export trade; ~no preduzeće export
firm; ~na dozvola (licenca); export license; ~na premija export subsidy
jemac guarantor
jemčiti to guarantee, to insure, to protect, to safeguard; to vouch for; ~ za nešto to vouch for smt.; ~
nekome neko pravo to guarantee (protect, safeguard) smb.'s right
jemstvo guarantee, security
kabinet cabinet, ministry, office
kadar personnel, staff ; ~a služba personnel department; ~e potrebe personnel needs
kamata interest; interest rate; on živi od ~e he lives from his investments; sada su ~e vrlo visoke
interest rates are very high now; ~ na ~u compound interest; ~na stopa interest rate; ~ni račun
calculation of interest interest; interest rate
kancelar chancellor
kancelarija office; ~ski materijal stationery; ~ski posao office work; ~ski pribor office supplies
kandidat nominee, candidate, applicant
kapara deposit, security
kaparisati to reserve (by paying a deposit)
kapital capital, fund; stalni (postojani, opticajni) ~ fixed (permanent, circulating or working) capital
karijera career
kartel cartel
kartoteka card catalog, card file
kasa safe, cash, register; državna ~ state treasury
katalog catalogue, catalog, brochure
klijent client, customer
klijentela clientele
koeficijent coefficient, ratio
kolega colleague, coworker, associate, fellow worker
kolegijalnost fellowship, friendliness
kolegijum staff, board of directors
kolekcija collection
komad piece
komadati to tear into pieces, to divide
kombinacija combination
kombinat (industrial) combine, plant; metalurški ~ metalworks; hemijski (tekstilni) ~ chemical (textile)
plant; pamučni ~ cotton mill
komercijalan commercial
kompenzacija compensation
kompetencija competence; field; jurisdicition; spadati u nečiju ~u to be in smb.'s field (jurisdiction)
kompetentan competent
komplet complete set
komunalije public utilities, public services
konferencija conference, meeting
konfiguracija configuration
konfirmacija confirmation
konfiskacija confiscation
konfuzija confusion, mix-up
konkurent competitor, rival; bidder
konkurentan competitive; ~tno preduzeće competing firm
konkurisati to compete; to apply for
konsistencija consistency
konsolidacija consolidation
konsultacija consultation
konsultovati to consult
kontigent quota; shipment; ~ robe shipment of merchandise
kontinent continent
kontinuitet continuity
kontrola control, inspection, check, verification, supervision; voditi ~u o nečemu to keep track of
smt.; ~ cena price control; finansijska ~ fiscal control; vršiti ~u nad nečim (nekim) to supervise smt.
(smb.); izgubiti ~u nad nečim to lose control of smt.; pod ~om under supervision
kontrolor controller
korak step, pace
korenit radical
korigovati to correct
korisnik user
korist benefit, advantage, profit; izvući (imati) ~ iz (od) nečega to benefit from smt.; prilozi u ~
Crvenog krsta contributions to the Red Cross; biti od ~i nekome to be of use to smb.
koristan useful, profitable
koristiti to take advantage of, to utilise, to use; to be of use, to be of benefit
kovačnica blacksmith shop, smithy
kritika criticism; critique; oštra (negativna, pozitivna) ~ sharp (negative, positive) criticism
kritikovati to criticize
kriza crisis
kupac customer, buyer
kvalifikacija qualifications, skill
kvalitet quality
kvartal quarter
laktaš pushy person, pusher
letak leaflet, pamphlet
ležarina storage charges; ~ska taksa storage tax
licitacija auction; prodat na ~i sold at auction; javna ~ public auction
licitant bidder
likvidacija liquidation
likvidator liquidator
manipulacija manipulation; operation; handling; jednostavna ~ easy operation; ~ troškovi handling
charges
manipulisati to manipulate, to handle
manjak deficit, shortage; nadoknaditi ~ to make up a shortage
manjina minority
marioneta marionette; puppet; ~ska država (vlada) puppet state (government)
marža margin; ~ profita profit margin
menica negotiable instrument, note; trasirana (vučena) ~ bill of exchange, draft; sopstvena ~
promissory note; ~ na viđenje sight draft; povući ~u to draw a bill of exchange; ~o pravo commercial
code, negotiable instruments law; ~ obveznik drawee
menjati to change, to exchange, ~ novac to change money; ~ evre za dinare to exchange euros for
dinars
mesto place, location, position; radno ~ job, position; On traži ~ He is looking for a job; upražnjeno ~
vacancy; on zauzima važno ~ he holds an important job, ~ stalnog boravka permanent address; sveta
~a sacred shrines; ~ rođenja place of birth
nabaviti to acquire, to purchase, to procure
nabavka acquisition, procurement; purchase; služba ~e acquisitions department; javna ~ public
procurement
nabavni purchase; ~a cena purchase price; ~a politika acquisition policy; ~o odeljenje purchasing
department
nabavljač purchasing agent, procurer, supplier
nadnica wage
najam hire, lease, rent; dati u (pod) ~ to rent out; uzeti u (pod) ~ to rent, to hire; ~ni rad (radnik)
hired labor (workman)
nalepnica etiquette, label; sticker
naplatiti to collect payment for, to charge for
naplativ collectible, payable
napomena remark, footnote, note, comment
napomenuti to remark, to mention
natpis inscription; ~ na pismu address (on a letter)
navodnici quotation marks
nerad inactivity, idleness
nezaposlenost unemployment
nivo level
notirati to note, to write down
nuditi to offer
nusprodukt by-product
obaveštenje information, notice
obavestiti to inform, to notify
obračun account; (final) settlement; napraviti ~ to reach a settlement; ~ski promet clearing (of
accounts by banks); ~ski zavod clearing house
obračunati to calculate; to balance, to settle (as an account)
odbitak deduction; ~ od plate salary deduction
odbor committee, council, board; gradski ~ city council; nadzorni ~ control board; uređivački ~
editorial board; biti u ~u to be on a committee; inicijativni ~ steering committee; izvršni ~ executive
board; opštinski ~ township council; upravni ~ board of directors, BoD, verifikacioni ~ credentials
committee; sednica ~a committee meeting
odmarati to rest, to take a rest; to relax
odmor vacation; aktivan ~ working vacation; godišnji ~ annual vacation; biti na ~u to be on vacation
odmor rest; pause
odolevati to resist
odredište destination
odrediti to determine, to define, to set, to fix; ~ unapred to determine in advance; ~ pojam to define
a concept; ~ mesto i vreme to fix a time and place; ~ zakonom to fix by law; ~ vrednost to determine
(the) value; ~ cene to set (fix) prices
oduzimanje deduction, ~ po platnom spisku payroll deduction
oduzimati to take away, to deprive; ~ novac nekome to take away smb.'s money
oglas advertisement, ad; announcement, notice; dati ~ u novine ili objaviti ~ u novinama to place an
ad in the newspaper(s); mali ~i classified ads; tražiti posao preko ~a to look for a job in the help-
wanted columns; ~na tabla bulletin board; ~ zavod advertising agency
olakšica discount, reduction; poreska ~ tax exemption, deduction; ~e za izdržavane članove porodice
exemtions for dependents; priznati (pružiti) ~u to grant an exemption
opadati to go down, to fall, to decrease; opale su cene mesu meat prices have gone down
oporezovati to tax, to impose tax on
opticaj circulation; pustiti u ~ to put into circulation; biti u ~u to be in circulation
organizacija organization, institution; Organizacija ujedinjenih nacija the United Nations; Organizacija
za ekonomsku saradnju i razvoj Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
osiguranje assurance, insurance; zaključiti ~ života to take out life insurance; uzeti ~ za auto to take
out automobile insurance; kombinovano ~ comprehensive insurance; ~ od odgovornosti liability
insurance; obavezno ~ compulsory insurance; socijalno ~ social insurance; zdravstveno (invalidsko) ~
health (disability) insurance; penzijsko ~ old-age benefits
osigurati to ensure, to assure
osiguravajući ~ zavod (društvo) insurance company
oskudan scarce, lacking, short of, poor
osnivač founder
osnivanje foundation, founding
osnova foundation, base, basis
osnovan elementary, essential, basic, fundamental, primary; ~vna škola elementary school; ~vna
pravila basic rules; ~vni broj cardinal number; ~vne boje primary colors; ~vne potrebe basic needs;
~vni sastojci basic ingredients
osnovati to found, to establish, to set up
osoblje personnel, staff
ostatak remainder, residue, rest, remnant
ostaviti to leave, to abandon, to give up, to quit
ostavka resignation; podneti ~u na položaj submit one's resignation
ostvariti to accomplish, to achieve, to implement, to carry out, to realize; ~ plan to carry out a plan; ~
dobitak to realize a profit; ~ uspeh to achieve success
otpis write-off
papir paper
pasiva liabilities
pasivan passive
pasoš passport
period period, time
periodičan periodical
plaćanje payment
plakat poster
plan project, plan, program; petogodišnji ~ five-year plan; ~ nastave curriculum; ~ proizvodnje
production plan; ispuniti (prebaciti) ~ to carry out (exceed) a plan; imati u ~u to plan; ~ska privreda a
planned economy
planiran planned
planirati to plan
plata pay, salary, wages; otpusna ~ severance pay; ~ni spisak payroll; ~ni bilans balance of payments
platiti to pay, to pay for; ~ dug to pay (off) a debt; ~ radnika to pay a worker's (wages); ~ na rate to
pay in installments; ~ u gotovu to pay in cash
početak beginning, start; origin
podaci data; lični ~ personal data
podatak fact, information, datum; na osnovu ~a on the basis of the data; skupiti ~tke to gather data;
obrada ~a data processing
podela division, partition, distribution; classification; ~ na grupe classification into groups; ~ rada
division of labor
podeliti to divide, to share
podesan suitable, appropriate
podneti to submit, to apply; ~ molbu (predlog, ostavku) to submit an application (proposal,
resignation); ~ žalbu to make a complaint; ~ referat to read a paper (as at a meeting); ~ izveštaj to
submit a report; ~ krivičnu prijavu protiv nekoga to bring criminal charges against smb.
podoban fit, capable, suitable
podrazumevati to understand, to mean
podrška support, financial ~ financial support
podržati to support
podsetiti to remind
podstaći to urge, to stir up
podsticaj stimulus
poduhvat project, undertaking
podupreti to support, brace
pogađati se to bargain, to haggle
pogodan adequate, suitable, convenient, favorable
pogodba agreement
pogodnost favor, privilege
pogrešiti to make a mistake
pohvala praise
pojedini some
pojedinost detail
pojednostaviti to simplify
pojeftiniti to become cheaper, to reduce prices on
pokrenuti to move, to set in motion, to start
pokretač promoter, organizer
pokrovitelj protector, patron
pokroviteljstvo protection, patronage
polazak departure
polisa osiguranja insurance policy
politika policy
poljoprivreda agriculture
polovan used, second hand
polovina half
položaj position, job
pomagač helper, assistant
pomagati to help, to aid, to assist
ponuda bid, tender; offer dobiti (prihvatiti) ~u to receive (accept) an offer; ~ i potražnja supply and
demand
popis list, inventory; napraviti ~ (robe) to make an inventory (of stock); ~ zaostavštine inventory of an
estate
popisati to list, to inventory
popust discount, reduction; ~ od 30 odsto a 30% discount; daćemo vam 10 odsto ~a we'll give you
10% off; uz ~ with a discount
porast growth; increase; ~ cena increase in prices; stopa ~a industrijske proizvodnje rate of industrial
growth; ~ nacionalnog dohotka growth of national income
poraz defeat; pretrpeti ~ to suffer a defeat; zadati (naneti) nekome ~ to inflict a defeat on smb.
porazan ruinous, destructive; disastrous; ~ rezultat disastrous result; ~ uticaj a ruinous influence;
~zna kritika crushing criticism; ~zne vesti crushing news
pored near, besides, at, beside
poredak order, system; društveni ~ social order; utvrđen ~ the established order; javni ~ law and
order
poreski tax; ~ sistem tax system; ~a stopa (skala) tax rate (scale); ~a prijava tax return; ~ obveznik
taxpayer; ratepayer; ~a politika (utaja) tax policies (evasion); ~o pravo tax legislation
porez tax; skupljati (plaćati) ~ to collect (pay) a tax; ~ na dohodak (na promet, na nasleđa, na
imovinu, na poklone) income (excise, inheritance, property, gift) tax; neposredni (posredni) ~ direct
(indirect) tax; dopunski ~ surtax
porezi taxes
poreznik tax collector
porudžbina order
poruka message
posao work, labor; job, position; business, affair; fizički (umni) ~ physical (intellectual) labor; imati
(mnogo) ~sla to be (very) busy; kako idu poslovi? how is business?; uložiti svoj novac u nekakav ~ to
invest one's money in a business; državni poslovi affairs of state; ministar spoljnih poslova minister of
foreign affairs; tražiti ~ to look for a job; ostati bez ~sla to lose one's job
poseban special, separate, particular
posebno especially, extra, in particular
posetnica visiting card
pošiljka parcel, package, piece of mail; preporučena ~ registered parcel; novčana ~ money order;
uručiti ~u to deliver a package; ~ s pouzećem a COD parcel
poslati to send
posle after, afterwards, later on
posledica consequence, result, repercussion; uzrok i ~ cause and effect
poslednji last, the latest, ultimate, latter
poslodavac employer, boss
poslovati to work, to operate
poslovnica office
poslovođa chief, manager; ~ odeljenja section manager
posluga servants
poslušan obedient
poslušati to listen, to obey
posredan indirect, intermediary
posrednik intermediary, agent, mediator
posredništvo mediation, agency
posredovati to mediate, to intervene
posredstvom through, by means of
pošta mail, post office; avionskom ~om by airmail; poštansko sanduče mailbox; ~nski fah post-office
box; ~nska marka postage stamp; ~nski činovnik post-office employee; ~nski žig postmark; ~nski
šalter post-office window; ~nski džak mailbag; ~nski golub carrier pigeon, homing pigeon; ~nski broj
zip code
postanak origin, genesis
poštar mailman, mail carrier
postati to become, to originate, to come into being
postaviti to locate, to put, to place, to set; ~ sebi cilj to set a goal for oneself; ~ pitanje to ask a
question; ~ rok to fix a time limit; ~ problem to state a problem; to appoint, to name; on je postavljen
za šefa he was appointed (as) manager
postotak percent, percentage
potceniti to undervalue, to underestimate
potčiniti to subjugate, to submit to
potčinjenost subjugation, submission
potegnuti to pull, to work hard
poteškoća difficulty, obstacle
potez move; stroke; line; povući genijalan ~ to make a brilliant move; biti na ~u to have the next
move; lakomislen ~ a frivolous act; prenagljen ~ a precipitate act; učiniti ~ to make a move
poticati to come from, to originate from
potpredsednik vice-chairman, vice-president
potpun complete, full, total
potrajati to last, to continue
potraživanje claim, requirement, demand
potraživati to demand, to claim
potražnja demand quest, request, requirement, requisition; ponuda i ~ supply and demand;
potrčko errandboy
potreba want, necessity, demand, requirement, need, podmiriti ~u to satisfy a need; po (prema) ~i ili
zavisno od ~e according to need; u slučaju ~e in case of need; svakodnevne ~e daily needs; ~ u robi
the need for goods; svakodnevne ~e daily needs; ~ u robi the need for goods
potrepštine supplies
potrošač consumer
potrošiti to spend; ~ novac (vreme) to spend money (time); ~ na piće (na kuću) to spend on drink (on
one's house); to consume; ~ energiju to use energy; ~ mnogo drva (ulja) to consume much firewood
(oil); ~ zalihe to use (up) one's supplies
potrošnja consumption, use; roba široke ~e consumer goods; ~ uglja (vode) coal (water) consumption
povećavati to increase, to expand, to grow
poveliki rather large, sizeable
povelja charter, document
poverenik agent, representative; commissioner
poverenje trust, confidence, faith; imati ~ (~a) u nekoga (sebe) to have confidence in smb. (oneself);
pokloniti nekome ~ to place trust in smb.; izigrati nečije ~ to abuse smb.'s trust; reći nešto u ~u to say
smt. in confidence; opravdati nečije ~ to justify smb.'s confidence
poveriti to confide ~ tajnu nekome to confide a secret to smb; to entrust ~ nekome novac to entrust
money to smb.
povišica salary increase, raise; rise; dobiti (dati) ~u to receive (give) a raise
povlađivati to yield, to give in
povlašćen privileged, preferential
povlastica privilege: special rate, reduced fare
povod reason, motive
povodom regarding, on the occasion of
povoljan favorable; ~ljni uslovi favorable conditions; satisfactory ~ljna plata a satisfactory salary
povoljnost convenience
povraćaj restitution, return
povratak return ~tna karta a round-trip ticket; ~tnom poštom by return mail
povratiti to give back, to return, to restore
pozajmica loan, borrowing
pozajmiti to borrow, to lend; ~ nešto od nekoga to borrow smt. from smb.; ~ nešto nekome to lend
smt. to smb.
pozajmljen lent
pozajmljivač lender
pozicija position, item
predračun priced bill of quantities, estimated bill of quantities, preliminary estimate
preneti to transfer; ~ novac u drugu banku to transfer money to a different bank; ~ imanje (vlast) to
transfer an estate (power); ~ na nov račun to transfer to a new account; ~ na nečije ime to transfer to
smb.'s name
prenos transfer; ~ novca (imanja, vlasti) transfer of money (an estate, power)
preporuka recommendation, reference
priznanje acknowledgment, recognition
publikacija publication, edition
publikovati to publish, to issue
rabat rebate
racionalan rational
račun bill, check, cheque; platiti ~ to pay a bill; ~ za telefon (vodu) telephone (water) bill; staviti
(metnuti) na nečiji ~ to charge to smb.'s account; to put on smb.'s bill; otvoriti (tekući) ~ to open an
account (a checking account); staviti novac na ~ to deposit money in an account; iznos ~a balance of
an account; preneti na nov ~ to transfer to a new account; poslati ~ to send a bill; ~ gubitka i dohotka
profit and loss statement
računati to calculate, to count; to charge
računovođa accountant
računovodstvo accountancy, accounting; bookkeeping
rad work, labor; ići na ~ to go to work; fizički ~ physical labor; umni ~ intellectual (mental) work;
prinudan ~ forced labor; pustiti u ~ to put into operation; obustaviti ~ to stop work; težak (naporan) ~
hard (strenuous) work; višak ~a surplus labor
radionica workshop
raditi to work, to operate, to function, to act, to perform
radni working; ~o vreme working hours; ~ narod the working people; ~ dan working day; ~ broj
reference number; ~a snaga labor; ~a soba study, workroom; ~ sastanak a working session; ~a
knjižica worker's employment booklet; ~a norma worker's (production) quota; ~ odnos employment
radnik worker, laborer
radnja shop, store
rang rank, degree, grade
rangirati to rank
raščistiti to clear, to clear away; to straighten out
raščlaniti to divide, to separate; to analyze
rasformirati to disband
rashod expense, expenditure
rashodovati to use up, to spend; to enter (in the books) as expenditure
rasipan wasteful, extravagant
rasipati to spend, to disperse; ~ novac to squander money
rasipnik squanderer, spendthrift, prodigal
rasklopiti to disassemble, to dismantle; to unfold, to open
raspar isolated item of a set
rasparčati to divide up
rasparen mismatched
raspis circular, notice, announcement
raspisati to announce; ~ konkurs to announce an open competition
raspitivanje inquiry, query
raspitivati se to ask, to inquire
raspodela distribution ~ namirnica (stanova) distribution of food (apartments); ~ dobara distribution
of goods; ~ prema radu wages based on output
raspoloživ disposable, available; sva ~a sredstva all available means
raspored timetable, schedule, program, disposition, arrangement
rasporediti to arrange, to dispose; to assign, to allot, place; to distribute; ~ nameštaj to arrange
furniture; ~ posao to allot (distribute) work; ~ hranu to distribute food; ~ vreme to arrange one's time
rasprodaja sale; kupiti nešto na ~i to buy smt. at a sale
rata installment; plaćati na ~e to pay on installments
razmak interval, space, distance
razmatrati to inspect, to examine; to take into consideration,
razraditi to work out, to develop
razvijanje deployment, development, elaboration
razvrstati to sort, to classify, to arrange
razvrstavanje assortment, classification
realizacija realization
recepcija reception, registration desk
recipročan reciprocal
red order, system, class, schedule, timetable; ~ vožnje ili vozni ~ timetable; ~ letenja flight schedule;
dnevni ~ agenda; biti na dnevnom ~u to be on the agenda; uneti nešto u dnevni ~ to place smt. on
the agenda; roba prvog ~a first-class merchandise; održavati ~ to maintain order; po utvrđenom ~u
according to the established order; dovesti u ~ to put in order; napraviti ~ to put things in order; in
the following order; ~ reči word order; uspostaviti ~ to establish order; ~ i mir law and order
redakcija editorial staff; tehnička ~ production department (of a publishing firm)
redosled sequence, order
reforma reform; sprovesti ~u to carry out a reform; privredna (agrarna) ~ economic (agrarian) reform
reformator reformer
reformisati to reform
regres regress; bonus
regrut recruit
regrutacija recruitment
regrutovati to recruit
regulacija regulation
regularan regular
rejting rating
reklama advertisment; ~na agencija advertising agency; ~ni leci (advertising) handbills; ~na tabla
billboard
reklamacija complaint; claim; uložiti (napraviti) ~u to make a complaint; odeljenje ~e complaint
department
reklamirati to advertise, to promote
rekord record
rekvizicija requisitioning; ~ stanova (hrane) requisitioning of apartments (food)
rekviziti accessories, paraphernalia, equipment; sportski (lovački) ~i sport (hunting) equipment;
pozorišni ~i stage properties
relacija relation
relativan relative
relativno relatively
relativnost relativity
renta rent; (fixed) income (from an annuity, rent)
rentabilan profitable, lucrative
rentabilno payable
rentabilnost profitability; princip ~i profit principle
reorganizacija reorganization
reorganizovati to reorganize
reprodukcija reproduction
reprodukovati to reproduce
reskirati to risk
restriktivan restrictive
resursi resources
retkost rarity
revizija audit, checkup, inspection
revizor auditor, inspector
rezerva reserve; ~ni delovi spare parts
rezervacija reservation
režijski troškovi oncosts, overhead expenses
režim regime, order, discipline
rezime resume, summary
režirati to direct (a play, film)
režiser director, producer
rezolucija resolution
rezultat result
rival rival
rizik hazard, risk, venture, danger
roba goods, merchandise; ~ široke potrošnje consumer goods; uvozna ~ imported merchandise;
vunena (pamučna, svilena, kožna) ~ woolen (cotton, silk, leather) goods; poručiti (pregledati, poslati,
primiti, istovariti) ~u to order (inspect, send, receive, unload) merchandise; loša ~ bad merchandise;
suhomesnata ~ delicatessen
robni related to goods; ~a razmena exchange of goods; ~a kuća department store; ~a dokumenta
shipping documents; ~a proizvodnja the production of goods; ~e liste lists of goods; ~ fond stock (of
goods); ~ promet turnover (of goods); ~ žig trademark
rok time limit, deadline, period of time; ~ plaćanja menice due (maturity) date of a note; postaviti ~
to set a time limit; garantni ~ warranty period; platiti pre ~a (o ~u) to pay ahead of time (on time);
istekao je ~ zastarevanja the period set by the statute of limitations has expired; plaćati u ~ovima (na
~ove) to pay in installments
rudar miner
rudarstvo mining
rudnik mine, raditi u ~u to work in a mine; ~ zlata (srebra, uglja) gold (silver, coal) mine; ~ olova
(cinka) lead (zinc) mine
rukovođenje administration, guidance, management
rukovodilac director, manager, administrator; ~ finansijskog sektora business administrator; ~
odeljenja section head; ~ proizvodnje production manager
rukovoditi to manage, to run, to direct, to operate; ~ državom (preduzećem) to operate a
government (a firm)
rukovodstvo directors, leaders; management; leadership
rutina routine; ~ski poslovi routine matters
šablon stereotype; model; cliche; raditi po ~u to work according to a stereotype
sadržaj contents, table of contents
sadržajan comprehensive, informative
sadržati to include, to contain; to consist of
salon show room; ~ automobila automobile show(room);
salonska kola parlor car (on a train)
samodoprinos self-help, voluntary contribution
samouprava self management
samoupravljanje self management
samovlasnički autocratic
saobraćaj traffic; transportation; drumski (automobilski, avionski) ~ highway (automobile, air) traffic;
železnički ~ railroad transportation; vazdušni ~ air transportation; pomorski (prekookeanski, rečni,
kanalski, jezerski) ~ sea (transoceanic, river, canal, lake) transportation; autobuski ~ bus
transportation; saonički ~ transportation by sleigh; splavski ~ transportation by raft; javni ~ public
transportation; gust ~ heavy traffic; prekinuti (obustaviti) ~ to stop (hold up) traffic; prekid ~a
stoppage of traffic; smetnja ~a obstacle to traffic; bezbednost ~a traffic safety
saobraćajni transport; ~a sredstva means of transportation; ~ milicioner traffic policeman; ~ znaci
traffic signs; ~e veze (lines of) transportation; ~a nesreća traffic accident; ~ propisi traffic regulations;
~a dozvola registration card; ~ fakultet school of transportation; ~ inženjer transportation enginer; ~a
mreža transportation network
sarađivati to cooperate, to collaborate
saradnik collaborator, associate
saradnja cooperation, collaboration
sastanak meeting; appointment; mesto ~nka meeting place; zakazati ~ to schedule a meeting; imati ~
s nekim to have an appointment with smb.; zakazati ~ nekome to make an appointment with smb.
sastav composition, structure
sastaviti to assemble, to put together; to compose
satelit satellite
savet advise; dati (primiti, poslušati) ~ to give (take) advice; tražiti ~ (od nekoga) to seek advice (from
smb.); council radnički ~ workers' council; državni ~ privy council; Savet bezbednosti Security Council
savetnik adviser, counselor; councillor
savetodavac adviser
savetodavni advisory; ~vno veće advisory council
savetovanje consultation, conference
savetovati to advise; ~ nekoga (nekome) to advise smb.
savetovati se to confer, to consult; ~ s nekim to consult (confer with) smb.
savez union, league, association; federation; alliance
saveznici the allies
sazivanje convocation
sazivati to convene, to convoke
sedište central office, main office, headquarters; seat, place
sednica conference, session, meeting; sazvati (održati, zakazati, otvoriti) ~u to call (hold, schedule,
open) a meeting; ići na ~u to go to a meeting; zajednička ~ a joint session
sektor sector; division, office, department, section; finansijski ~ financial division
senzacija sensation
senzacionalan sensational
serija series; ~ska proizvodnja assembly-line production; ~ski broj serial number
sertifikat certification
šifra cipher, code
šifrirati to codify, to encode, to encipher
simbol symbol, mark
sindikat trade union
širiti to expand, to spread
sirovina raw material
sistem method, system, frame, model
sjediniti se to merge, to join, to conjoin; to unite
skandal scene, scandal
skaut scout
slanje robe consignment
slati to send
slobodan free; independent; self-determined; ~ čovek a free man; ~dna zemlja a free country; ~ izbor
a free choice; ~dna luka a free port; ~ od poreza tax-exempt; ~ od carine exempt from customs
služba service; employment; job; tražiti ~u to look for a job; vojna ~ military service; obaveštajna ~
intelligence service; državna ~ civil service; department, office; service; ~ propagande ili reklamna ~
advertising department; ~ na spratovima housekeeping department (of a hotel); portirska ~ service
department (of a hotel); vučna ~ towing service
služben official
službenik employee
smanjenje decrease, reduction
smanjiti to reduce; to make smaller; ~ troškove (cene, nadnice, uvoz) to reduce expenses (prices,
wages, imports); ~ budžet to cut a budget; to diminish, to decrease
smena shift; raditi u dve ~ (na ~u) to work in two shifts (in shifts); change; replacement
smeniti to change, to replace
smeštaj lodging; ~ i ishrana room and board
snabdeti to provide, to supply
snabdevač supplier
snabdevanje supply
sniženje reduction, ~ cena price reduction; depression, abatement, discount, drop
soba room; radna ~ study; spavaća ~ bedroom; nameštena ~ furnished room; ~ za izdavanje room for
rent; rezervisati (spremiti, počistiti) ~u to reserve (make up, clean) a room
solventan solvent
sopstven own
sortiranje assortment
sortirati to sort, to assort, to grade; ~ robu to sort merchandise
specifičan particular, specific
specificirati to itemize, to specify
specifikacija specification, specs
specijalizovati to specialize in
specijalnost specialty, field
špedicija freight forwarding
špediter freight forwarder; shipper; mover
špediterski shipping; ~o preduzeće freight forwarding firm, shipping firm, moving firm; ~e usluge
shipping services
špic rush hours
spisak list
spletka intrigue, plot
spojiti to unite; to connect, to link
sposoban capable, apt, able
sposobnost ability, capability
sprečavanje prevention
sprečavati to restrain, to hinder, to impede
sredstva resources, funds; finansijska ~a financial resources; obrtna ~a capital goods
sredstvo means; saobraćajna (prevozna) ~a means of transportation; ~ plaćanja means of payment;
za dinarska ~a plaćanja for payment in dinars; ~a za proizvodnju means of production
srž essence, core
stagnacija stagnation
štampa printing, the press
štamparstvo printing
štampati to print
standard standard
standardni default
stanica station
starešinstvo seniority
start start, launch
statičan static
statika statics
statistički statistical; ~ podaci statistical data
statistika statistics; po ~ci according to statistics; voditi ~u to keep statistics
status status ~ kvo the status quo
statut statutes, bylaw
stav posture, pose, attitude
staž period of service, training period; probation, internship
stažirati serve one's internship
steći to acquire, to obtain, to gain, to get, to earn, to make
štedeti to save, to economize; to conserve; ~ novac to save money
štedljiv economical; frugal, thrifty
štedljivost thrift, frugality, economy
stepen stadium, stage, level
stimulacija stimulation
stimulirati to stimulate
stimulisanje stimulation
stipendija fellowship; scholarship; dodeliti (dobiti) ~u to award (receive) a fellowship
stipendista scholarship holder
stopa rate; diskontna ~ discount rate; uz kamatnu ~u od 5 odsto at a five-percent interest rate;
godišnja ~ porasta industrijske proizvodnje annual rate of industrial growth; poreska ~ tax rate
stornirati to cancel, to annul
štrajk strike; stupiti u ~ to go on strike; ~ glađu hunger strike; ~ sedenjem sit-down strike
štrajkbreher strikebreaker
štrajkolomac blackleg
štrajkovati to strike
strategija strategy
strategijski strategic
strog rigid, strict, severe
stručnjak expert, specialist
struka vocation, profession, occupation
struktura structure, frame
strukturni structural
studija study; ~ izvodljivosti feasibility study
studije studies
stupiti to enter; ~ u službu to begin a job; ~ na dužnost šefa to begin one's duties as chairman; ~ na
presto to ascend a throne; ~ u brak to get married; ~ u štrajk to go on strike; ~ na snagu to go into
effect, take effect (as of a law); ~ u vezu to get in touch
stvaralac creator
subjekt subject
subjektivan subjective
suparnik rival, competitor; opponent
svečanost festivity, celebration; ceremony; prirediti ~ u čast nekoga to arrange a celebration in smb.'s
honor
svedočanstvo certificate, diploma
svežanj pack, pile, bundle
svota amount, sum
svrha purpose, goal, aim
svrsishodan appropriate; useful
tabela chart, table
tabla board; oglasna ~ bulletin board; notice board
tačan precise, right, exact, accurate
tačka dot; point; article, item
tajanstvenost secrecy
tajmer timer
tajna secret; čuvati (otkriti) ~u to keep (discover) a secret; vojna (poslovna) ~ a military (business)
secret; poveriti ~u nekome to reveal a secret to smb.; ili: to share a secret with smb.; izmamiti (odati)
~u to extract (reveal) a secret
tajni secret; privy; ~ savetnik privy councillor
takmičar competitor, contestant
takmičenje rivalry, competition, contest
taksa stamp, duty, tariff, tax, toll, excise, stamp duty; fee; platiti ~u na nešto to pay a tax on smt.
taktika tactics
tekst text, context
tekući current; ~ račun current account, drawing accout; ~ broj file number
telefon telephone, phone
telefonirati to phone
telegram wire, telegram
tema theme, topic, argument, motive
tempo pace, rate
tendencija tendency
tender tender
teoretičar theoretician
teoretski theoretic, theoretical
teorija theory
teret load, burden; cargo; biti nekome na ~u to be a burden to smb.; troškovi idu na vaš ~ you pay
the expenses; staviti nekome u ~ to charge smb.
teretiti to charge
terminologija terminology
tesno closely
tezga counter (in a store)
tim team
tip type
titula title
tolerancija tolerance
tolerantan tolerant
tovar load, cargo, freight
trampa barter, exchange
trampiti to exchange, to swap
transakcije transaction
transport transport, transportation
transporter conveyor
trasa route, line
tražiti to demand, to request, to require; to search
trebovanje requisition, request
trenirati to practise, to train
trenutak moment, instant
tretiranje treatment
trgovac merchant, businessman, shopkeeper; ~ na veliko (na malo) wholesaler (retailer)
trgovina trade, commerce; business; spoljna ~ foreign trade; ~ stokom (vinom, kožama) trade in
cattle (wine, hides); pomorska ~ maritime commerce; ~ na veliko (na malo) wholesale (retail) trade;
ministarstvo ~e ministry of trade
trgovinski trade; ~ sporazum trade agreement; ~ ugovor trade treaty; ~o predstavništvo commercial
agency; ~ savetnik commercial advisor; ~ običaji trade practices
trijumf triumph
trik trick
trka race, running
tromesečni quarterly
trošak expense, cost; expenditure; snositi (podnositi) ~kove to bear costs; o mom ~šku at my
expense; o ~šku preduzeća at company expense; na njegov ~ at his expense; putni (selidbeni) ~kovi
traveling (moving) expenses; ~kovi za štampanje (oko štampanja) printing costs; bacati se u ~ to go to
great expense; nadoknaditi ~kove to reimburse one's expenses; sitni ~kovi minor expenditures;
manipulativni ~kovi handling charges; sudski ~kovi court costs; promenljivi (varijabilni) ~kovi variable
costs; stalni (fiksni) ~kovi fixed costs; postojani (konstantni) ~kovi constant costs; opadajući ~kovi
falling costs; rastući ~kovi rising costs; ~kovi održavanja maintenance costs; ~kovi života living
expenses; praviti ~kove to incur (run up) expenses
trošan frail, weak; fragile; dilapidated
trošarina excise tax
trošiti to spend; ~ novac (vreme) to spend money (time)
troškovi burden, costs, overheadcost
tržišni market; ~a komisija market inspection team; ~a cena market price; ~ inspektor market
inspector
tržiste market; na ~u at (on) the market; svetsko ~ world market; devizno ~ currency exchange;
osvojiti ~ to secure (win) a market
tržni centar shopping center
tuce dozen
tutor custodian, guardian
tutorstvo guardianship
ubirač collector; ~ poreza tax collector
ubirati to collect; ~ porez to collect taxes
učestalost frequency
učinak rate of production, production rate, efficiency, output
udeo share, portion; ~ u dobiti share of the profits; imati udela u nečemu to participate in smt.
udruženje association
udružiti to unite; to become partners, associates
udvostručiti to double
ugovor agreement; treaty; contract; sklopiti (potpisati, raskinuti) ~ to conclude (sign, break) an
agreement; pod ~om under contract; trgovački ~ trade agreement; po ~u according to the contract
ugovoren contracted, agreed
ugovoriti to agree on; to schedule
ugovorna strana contracting party
ujediniti to unite
ukazati to point out, to show; ~ na neke činjenice to point to several facts; ~ nekome počast
(poštovanje) to show smb. honor (respect); ~ nekome pažnju to pay attention to smb.
ukupan total, overall, whole
ulaganje investment
ulog deposit (in a bank); štedni ~ savings account; oročeni ~ term account; ~ po viđenju demand
deposit
uložiti to invest
ultimatum ultimatum
umor fatigue
umoran tired, fatigued
unajmiti to rent, to lease; ~ stan (auto) to rent an apartment (a car)
unaprediti to improve, to promote
uneti to introduce, to enter, to incorporate
univerzalan universal
uočljiv noticeable
uopštavanje generalization
upis inscription, entry, enrollment
upitnik question mark
uplata payment; pri (po) ~i on (after) payment; mesečna ~ monthly payment
uplatnica money order; poštanska ~ postal money order
upliv influence
uporan persistent; determined
uporedo parallel; side by side
uposliti to employ, to put to work
uprava management, administration; poreska ~ tax administration
upravljački administrative, managerial
upravnik director, chief, manager; ~ doma zdravlja (poliklinike) director of a health center (polyclinic);
~ mašinskog pogona machine-shop foreman; ~ carinarnice supervisor of a customshouse; ~ pogona
section head (manager); ~ zatvora (prison) warden; governor (of a prison); ~ zavoda bureau
(institute) director; ~ zadruge director (manager) of a cooperative
uputstvo instructions, guidelines
urednik editor; odgovorni (glavni) ~ editor in chief; pomoćni (tehnički) ~ associate (technical) editor
uslov condition, terms and conditions; pod ~om da on condition that; životni ~i living conditions
usluga service, office
uspeh success
uspešan successful
usprotiviti se to object, to oppose
utaja fraud, embezzlement; ~ poreza tax evasion
uticaj influence, impact
uticajan powerful, influential
utisak impression
utovar loading
utovariti to load; ~ robu na (u) brod to load freight on a ship
utrošen spent
utrošiti to spend
utvrditi to consolidate, to strengthen; to establish, to set, to fix; ~ činjenicu to establish a fact; ~ cenu
to fix a price; ~ dan i čas to fix a day and hour; ~ uzrok to establish a reason; ~ program to fix a
schedule
uvoz import
valjanost validity
vanredan extraordinary; extra; special
varka illusion, trick
važan important, significant
važnost validity; significance, importance
veće council; chamber
veresija loan; uzeti (dati) na ~u to take (give) on loan
verifikovan verified
verifikovati to verify
verovatnoća possibility, probablitiy
verzija version
vest news
veto veto
veza connection, relation, link; communications; sredstva ~e means of communications; telefonske
(telegrafske) ~e telephone (telegraph) communications; sve ~e sa gradom su bile prekinute all
communications with the city were cut off; relations, ties; uspostaviti kulturne ~e to establish cultural
relations; prekinuti (učvrstiti) trgovinske ~e to break off (strengthen) commercial relations; poslovne
(društvene) ~e business (social) relations; rodbinske ~e family ties; održavati prijateljske ~e to
maintain friendly relations; doći (staviti se, stupiti) u ~u s nekim to get in touch with smb.; uspostaviti
~u to establish contact; dovesti nekoga u ~u s nekim to put smb. in touch with smb.; prekinuti (svaku)
~u s nekim to break off with smb.; u ~i sa vašim dopisom
vežba practice, exercise, drill
višak surplus, excess
vizit karta visiting card, bussines card
voditi to keep, to maintain; ~ dnevnik (knjige) to keep a diary (books); ~ kuću to run a household; ~
evidenciju o nečemu to keep track of smt., keep a file on smt.; to conduct, to pursue, to be engaged
in; ~ istragu (pregovore, razgovore) to conduct an investigation (negotiations, conversations); ~
zapisnik to take minutes; to lead
vratiti to restore, to return
zadatak task, assignment, mission
zadati to give, to assign; to inflict, to cause
zadržati to keep, to retain; to withhold; ~ od plate to withhold from one's wages; to detain; ~ voz
(saobraćaj, kola) to hold up a train (traffic, a car)
zaduženje obligation, responsibility
zadužiti debit, charge
zahtev demand, claim
zajam loan; dati na (u) ~ to lend; uzeti na (u) ~ to borrow; državni ~ government loan; dugoročni ~
long-term loan; kratkoročni ~ short-term loan
zajamčiti to guarantee, to insure, to protect, to safeguard; to vouch for; ~ za nešto to vouch for smt.;
~ nekome neko pravo to guarantee (protect, safeguard) smb.'s right
zakasniti to be late
zakašnjenje delay
zakazati to schedule
zaključak conclusion; termination, end; decision
zakup lease, rent; uzeti u (pod) ~ to rent; dati (izdati) u (pod) ~ to rent out; ugovor o ~u rental
agreement; ~ ističe the lease is running out
zakupac lessee, renter
zakupiti to rent, to lease
zakupni rental; ~ ugovor rental agreement
zakupnina rental fee, rent
zalagaonica pawnbroker's shop
zaliha stock, supply, reserve
zalog pledge; guaranty; pawn; security; iskupiti ~ to redeem a pledge; dati (ostaviti, uzeti) u ~ to give
(leave, take) as security
zamena exchange; substitution
zanat trade, art, craft
zaostatak remnant, unpaid debt
zaposleni employees
zaposlenje employment, occupation
zaposliti to employ, to hire
zaposliti se to find a job, to get employed
zarada earnings, wages, salary; gain profit; čista ~ net gain
zaraditi to earn, to gain; to make a profit
zasedanje session, meeting
zauzet busy, occupied, engaged, reserved

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