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Electromagnetic Theory Questions and Answers

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311 просмотров22 страницыElectromagnetic Theory Questions and Answers

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by staff10

This set of Electromagnetic Theory Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on

“Magnetic Force and Lorentz Force”.

1. Find the electric force when the charge of 2C is subjected to an electric field of 6 units.

a) 6

b) 3

c) 12

d) 24

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The electric force is given by F = qE, where q = 2C and E = 6 units. Thus we get F

= 2 x 6 = 12 units.

2. Find the magnetic force when a charge 3.5C with flux density of 4 units is having a velocity of

2m/s.

a) 14

b) 28

c) 7

d) 32

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The magnetic force is given by F = q(v x B), where q = 3.5C, v = 2m/s and B = 4

units. Thus we get F = 3.5(2 x 4) = 28 units.

3. Find the electric field when the velocity of the field is 12m/s and the flux density is 8.75 units.

a) 510

b) 105

c) 150

d) 165

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The electric field intensity is the product of the velocity and the magnetic flux

density ie, E = v x B = 12 x 8.75 = 105 units.

4. Find the Lorentz force of a charge 2.5C having an electric field of 5 units and magnetic field

of 7.25 units with a velocity 1.5m/s.

a) 39.68

b) 68.39

c) 86.93

d) 93.68

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The Lorentz force is given by F = qE + q(v x B), it is the sum of electric and

magnetic force. On substituting q = 2.5, E = 5, v = 1.5 and B = 7.25, F = 2.5(5) + 2.5(1.5 x 7.25)

= 39.68 units.

5. The force on a conductor of length 12cm having current 8A and flux density 3.75 units at an

angle of 300 is

a) 1.6

b) 2

c) 1.4

d) 1.8

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: The force on a conductor is given by F = BIL sin θ, where B = 3.75, I = 8, L = 0.12

and θ = 300. We get F = 3.75 x 8 x 0.12 sin 30 = 1.8 units.

6. The force per unit length of two conductors carrying equal currents of 5A separated by a

distance of 20cm in air(in 10-6 order)

a) 25

b) 35

c) 40

d) 50

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The force per unit length of two conductors is given by

F = μ I1xI2/2πD, where I1 = I2 = 5 and D = 0.2. Thus F = 4π x 10-7 x 52/ 2π x 0.2 = 25 x 10-6

units.

7. When currents are moving in the same direction in two conductors, then the force will be

a) Attractive

b) Repulsive

c) Retracting

d) Opposing

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: When two conductors are having currents moving in the same direction then the

forces of the two conductors will be moving towards each other or attractive.

8. Find the flux density due to a conductor of length 6m and carrying a current of 3A(in 10-7

order)

a) 1

b) 10

c) 100

d) 0.1

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The flux density is B = μH, where H = I/2πR. Put I = 3 and R = 6, we get B = 4π x

10-7 x 3/2π x 6 = 1 x 10-7 units.

9. Find the maximum force of the conductor having length 60cm, current 2.75A and flux density

of 9 units.

a) 14.85

b) 18.54

c) 84.25

d) 7.256

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The force on a conductor is given by F = BIL sin θ, where B = 3.75, I = 8, L = 0.12

and θ = 90 for maximum force. We get F

= BIL= 9 x 2.75 x 0.6 sin 90 = 14.85 units.

10. The magnetic force impacts the energy of the field. State True/false.

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The magnetic force depends on the flux density of a material and the flux density is

in turn dependent on the energy of the material. It can be shown that F = q(v x B) and E = 0.5 x

B2/μ. It is clear that B and F are related.

by staff10

a) Electrostatic force

b) Magnetostatic force

c) Lorentz force

d) Electromotive force

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: In an electromagnetic wave, the force of the electric and magnetic field both

coexist. This is given by F = qE + q(v x B). It is called Lorentz force.

2. In an field having a force of 12N and distance 20cm, the torque will be

a) 0.24

b) 2.4

c) 24

d) 12/20

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The torque is defined as the product of the force and distance in a field. Thus T = F

x d = 12 x 0.2 = 2.4 units.

3. Find the torque in a conductor having current 2A, flux density 50 units, length 15cm and

distance of 8m.

a) 120

b) 240

c) 800

d) 350

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The torque on a conductor is given by T = BILd, where L x d is the area of the

conductor. Thus the torque will be, T = 50 x 2 x 0.15 x 8 = 120 units.

4. The distance of the conductor when the area and length of the conductor is 24m2 and 13.56m.

a) 1.76

b) 2.67

c) 1.52

d) 2.15

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: We know that the surface integral is the area component which is the product of

two dimensions given by length and distance in a conductor. Thus A = L x d. To get d, d = A/L =

24/13.56 = 1.76 units.

5. The torque on a conductor with flux density 23 units, current 1.6A and area 6.75 units will be

a) 248.4

b) 192.6

c) 175.4

d) 256.9

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The maximum torque on a conductor will be at perpendicular angle ie, at 90. The

torque will be given as T = BIA, where B = 23, I = 1.6 and A = 6.75.Thus we get, T = 23 x 1.6 x

6.75 = 248.4 units.

6. Consider the conductor to be a coil of turns 60 and the flux density to be 13.5 units, current

0.12A and area 16units. The torque will be

a) 1555.2

b) 1222.5

c) 525.1

d) 255.6

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: For a single turn or loop, the torque will be BIA. For N turns, the torque will be T =

NBIA, where N = 60, B = 13.5, I = 0.12 and A = 16. Thus T = 60 x 13.5 x 0.12 x 16 = 1555.2

units.

a) The field is perpendicular to the loop

b) The plane of the loop is parallel to the field

c) The plane of the loop is perpendicular to the current direction

d) The field and the current direction are same

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The torque of a conductor is given by T = NBIA. This equation of the conductor is

valid only when the plane of the loop is parallel to the magnetic field applied to it.

a) 30

b) 45

c) 60

d) 90

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: The torque of a conductor loop is given by T = BIA cos θ. The torque is minimum

refers to zero torque. This is possible only when the angle is 90 or perpendicular.

a) T = BM

b) B = TM

c) M = TB

d) T = M

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The torque is defined as the product of the magnetic flux density and the magnetic

moment. It is given by T = BM, where M = IA is the magnetic moment.

10. Calculate the magnetic moment when a field of B= 51 units is subjected to a torque of 20

units.

a) 0.39

b) 4.2

c) 2.55

d) 3.21

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The magnetic moment is given by the ratio of the torque and the magnetic flux

density. Thus M = T/B, where T = 20 and B = 51 units. We get M = 20/51 = 0.39 units.

Questions and Answers - Sanfoundry

by staff10

This set of Electromagnetic Theory Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on

“Magnetic Dipole”.

1. The magnetic moment of a field with current 12A and area 1.6 units is

a) 19.2

b) 12.9

c) 21.9

d) 91.2

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The magnetic moment is the product of current and the area of the conductor. It is

given by M = IA, where I = 12 and A = 1.6.Thus we get, M = 12 x 1.6 = 19.2 units.

2. Find the torque of a loop with magnetic moment 12.5 and magnetic flux density 7.65 units is

a) 95.625

b) 65.925

c) 56.525

d) 65.235

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The torque is defined as the product of the magnetic moment and the magnetic flux

density given by T = MB, where M = 12.5 and B = 7.65. Thus we get T = 12.5 x 7.65 = 95.625

units.

a) Magnetic moment to area

b) Magnetic moment to volume

c) Magnetic flux density to area

d) Magnetic flux density to volume

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The magnetization refers to the amount of dipole formation in a given volume when

it is subjected to a magnetic field. It is given by the ratio of the magnetic moment to the volume.

Thus Pm = M/V.

4. Find the orbital dipole moment in a field of dipoles of radius 20cm and angular velocity of

2m/s(in 10-22 order)

a) 64

b) 76

c) 54

d) 78

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The orbital dipole moment is given by M = 0.5 x eVangx r2, where e = 1.6 x 10-19 is

the charge of the electron, Vang = 2 and r = 0.2. On substituting, we get M = 0.5 x 1.6 x 10-19x 2

x 0.22= 64 x 10-22 units.

5. Find the orbital angular moment of a dipole with angular velocity of 1.6m/s and radius

35cm(in 10-31 order)

a) 1.78

b) 8.71

c) 7.18

d) 2.43

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The orbital angular moment is given by Ma = m x Vangx r2,where m = 9.1 x 10-31,

Vang = 1.6 and r = 0.35. On substituting, we get, Ma = 9.1 x 10-31 x 1.6 x 0.352 = 1.78 x 10-31

units.

6. The ratio of the orbital dipole moment to the orbital angular moment is given by

a) e/m

b) –e/m

c) e/2m

d) –e/2m

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: The orbital dipole moment is given by M = 0.5 x eVangx r2 and the orbital angular

moment is given by Ma = m x Vangx r2. Their ratio M/Ma is given by –e/2m, the negative sign

indicates the charge of electron.

7. Calculate the Larmer angular frequency for a magnetic flux density of 12.34 x 10-10.

a) 108.36

b) 810.63

c) 368.81

d) 183.36

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The Larmer angular frequency is the product of magnitude of the ratio of orbital

dipole moment to orbital angular moment and the magnetic flux density. It is given by fL = B

e/2m, where is the charge of electron and m is the mass of the electron. On substituting, we get

fL = 12.34 x 10-10 x 1.6 x 10-19/(2 x 9.1 x 10-31) = 108.36 units.

a) eh/2m

b) eh/2πm

c) eh/4m

d) eh/4πm

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: In atomic physics, the Bohr magneton (symbol μB) is a physical constant and the

natural unit for expressing the magnetic moment of an electron caused by either its orbital or spin

angular momentum. It is given by eh/4πm, where h is the Planck’s constant, e is the charge of the

electron and m is the mass of the electron.

9. Find the magnetization of the field which has a magnetic moment 16 units in a volume of 1.2

units.

a) 16.67

b) 13.33

c) 15.56

d) 18.87

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The magnetization is the ratio of the magnetic moment to the volume. Thus M =

m/v, where m = 16 and v = 1.2. We get M = 16/1.2 = 13.33 units.

a) Real

b) Imaginary

c) Does not exist

d) Parallel to field

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: Magnetic Lines of Force is a an imaginary line representing the direction of

magnetic field such that the tangent at any point is the direction of the field vector at that point.

Theory Questions and Answers - Sanfoundry

by staff10

This set of Electromagnetic Theory Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on

“Magnetic Materials”.

1. The presence of parallel alignment of magnetic dipole moment is given by which materials?

a) Diamagnetic

b) Ferromagnetic

c) Paramagnetic

d) Ferromagnetic

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The ferromagnetic materials are characterized by parallel alignment of magnetic

dipole moments. Their susceptibility is very large.

a) Faraday’s law

b) Ampere law

c) Lenz law

d) Curie Weiss law

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: Generally, the ferromagnetic, paramagnetic and diamagnetic materials follow the

Curie Weiss law, which relates the magnetization and the applied field.

3. Find the internal field when the applied field is 12 units, molecular field constant is 0.1 units

and the magnetization is 74 units.

a) 86

b) 62

c) 752

d) 19.4

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: From Curie law, the internal field of a magnetic material is given by H = Ho + χ M,

where χ is the molecular field constant. Put χ = 0.1, M = 74 and Ho = 12, we get H = 12 +

(0.1)74 = 19.4 units.

a) Diamagnetic

b) Paramagnetic

c) Ferromagnetic

d) Ferromagnetic

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: In materials like iron, the magnetic properties depend on the direction in which they

are measured. This is magnetic anisotropy. The material iron is a ferromagnetic material type.

a) Electrostriction

b) Magnetostriction

c) Anisotropy

d) Magnetization

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The piezoelectric effect is the mechanical strain caused on a material like quartz

when subjected to an electric field. The same is observed in a ferromagnetic material called

magnetostriction.

a) Magnetization

b) Magnetic anisotropy

c) Villari effect

d) Curie effect

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: When a strain is applied, the change in magnetic field is observed. This is the

converse of the magnetostriction phenomenon and is called Villari effect.

7. The materials having very small susceptibility at all temperatures are

a) Antiferromagnetic

b) Diamagnetic

c) Ferromagnetic

d) Paramagnetic

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: In antiferromagnetic materials, the susceptibility will decrease with increase in

temperature. They have relatively small susceptibility at all temperatures.

8. Find the susceptibility when the curie constant is 0.2 and the difference in critical temperature

and paramagnetic curie temperature is 0.01.

a) 2

b) 20

c) 0.02

d) 200

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The susceptibility in magnetic materials is given by χm = C/(T-θ), where C is the

curie constant, T is the critical temperature and θ is the paramagnetic curie temperature. Put C =

0.2 and T-θ = 0.01, thus we get susceptibility as 0.2/0.01 = 20.

a) Paramagnetic

b) Ferromagnetic

c) Diamagnetic

d) Ferromagnetic

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: In the diamagnetic materials, the susceptibility is very small and negative. Thus the

susceptibility will be independent of the temperature. The atoms of solids having closed shells

and metals like gold have this property.

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The ferromagnetic materials are iron, nickel, cobalt which are highly attracted by

magnetic field. Thus their susceptibility is also very high and nearing infinity. Also

ferrimagnetics have infinite susceptibility.

Electromagnetic Theory Questions and Answers – Magnetization

This set of Electromagnetic Theory Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on

“Magnetization”.

1. Find the Lorentz force due to a conductor of length 2m carrying a current of 1.5A and magnetic

flux density of 12 units.

a) 24

b) 36

c) 32

d) 45

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The Lorentz is given by the product of the current, differential length and the magnetic

flux density. Put B = 12, I = 1.5 and L = 2, thus we get F = BIL = 12 x 1.5 x 2 = 36 units.

2. Calculate the flux density due to a circular conductor of radius 100nm and current 5A in air.

a) 10

b) 100

c) 0.1

d) 1

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The field intensity of this conductor is I/2πR and since B = μH, the flux density will be B

= μI/2πR. Put I = 5 and R = 100 x 10-9, thus we get B = 4π x 10-7x 5/(2π x 100 x 10-9) = 10 units.

a) T = BIA cos θ

b) T = BA cos θ

c) T = BIA sin θ

d) T = BA sin θ

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The torque is given by the product of the flux density, magnetic moment IA and the sine

angle of the conductor held by the field. This gives T = BIA sin θ.

4. Find the current in a dipole with a moment of 16 units and area of 9 units.

a) 1.78

b) 2.78

c) 1.87

d) 2.34

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The dipole moment is given by M = IA. To get I, put M = 16 and A = 9, we get I = M/A =

16/9 = 1.78 units.

5. The expression for magnetization is given by(I-current, A-area, V-volume)

a) M = IAV

b) M = IA/V

c) M = V/IA

d) M = 1/IAV

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The magnetization is defined as the magnetic moment per unit volume and the

magnetic moment is IA. Thus M = IA/V is the expression.

a) -100

b) 99

c) -99

d) 101

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: The susceptibility is given by χm = μr-1. To get permeability, μr = χm + 1 = 100 + 1 = 101

units.

7. Calculate the magnetization of a material with susceptibility of 50 and field intensity of 0.25 units.

a) 12.5

b) 25

c) 75

d) 37.5

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The magnetization is the product of the susceptibility and the field intensity given by M

= χmH. Put χm = 50 and H = 0.25, then M = 50 x 0.25 = 12.5 units.

a) Ferromagnetic

b) Diamagnetic

c) Paramagnetic

d) Antiferromagnetic

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: Paramagnetic materials are characterized by a small and positive susceptibility. The

susceptibility and the temperature are directly related.

a) Fe

b) Sn

c) Fe2O3

d) FeCl

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: Fe is iron and a ferromagnetic material. Sn and FeCl are not magnetic materials. The

oxides of iron like ferric oxide Fe2O3 is said to be a ferrimagnetic material.

a) Silicon

b) Germanium

c) Silver

d) Cobalt

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The diamagnetic materials are characterised by very small or negative susceptibility.

Also the susceptibility is independent of the temperature. The material having these properties is

germanium from the given options. Metals like gold and atoms with closed shells are also

diamagnetic.

Sanfoundry

by staff10

This set of Electromagnetic Theory online test focuses on “Magnetic Boundary Conditions”.

a) J = Grad(M)

b) J = Div(M)

c) J = Curl(M)

d) M = Curl(J)

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The curl of the magnetization gives the magnetic field intensity theoretically. From

Maxwell equation, we can correlate that with the current density (Ampere law)

2. The tangential component of the magnetic field intensity is continuous at the boundary of

separation of two media. State True/False.

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: For two medium of separation, the tangential component of the magnetic field

intensity will be continuous. This is analogous to the fact that the tangential component of the

electric field intensity is continuous at the boundary.

3. In air, the tangential component of flux density is continuous at the boundary. State

True/False.

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: Since the tangential component of the magnetic field intensity will be continuous

and B = μH, in air, the tangential component of the flux density will also be continuous.

4. The flux density of medium 1 has a normal component of 2.4 units, then the normal

component of the flux density in the medium 2 will be

a) 1.2

b) 4.8

c) 2.4

d) 0

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: Unlike the electric fields, the magnetic flux density has normal component same in

both the mediums. This gives Bn1 = Bn2.

5. The normal component of magnetic field intensity at the boundary of separation of the

medium will be

a) Same

b) Different

c) Negative

d) Inverse

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The normal component and tangential components of the magnetic flux density will

be same. This holds good for any medium.

a) Current density

b) Current

c) Magnetic flux density

d) Magnetic moment

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The line integral of the magnetic field intensity is given by ∫H.dl. This is same as

the current component. From this relation, the Ampere law can be deduced.

7. Find the magnetization of the material with susceptibility of 6 units and magnetic field

intensity of 13 units.

a) 2.16

b) 6.2

c) 78

d) 1.3

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The magnetization is the product of the susceptibility and the magnetic field

intensity. Thus M = 6 x 13 = 78 units.

8. Find the ratio of permeability of the two media when the wave is incident on the boundary at

45 degree and reflected by the boundary at 60 degree.

a) 1:1

b) √3:1

c) 1:√3

d) 1:√2

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: From the magnetic boundary conditions, the ratio of permeability μ1/μ2 = tan

θ1/tan θ2 and θ1 = 45, θ2 = 60. Thus we get μ1/μ2 = 1/√3. The ratio will be 1:√3.

9. Find the magnetic moment of a material with magnetization 5 units in a volume of 35 units.

a) 7

b) 1/7

c) 15

d) 175

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: The magnetization is the ratio of the magnetic moment and the volume. To get

moment, put M = 5 and V = 35, thus moment will be 5 x 35 = 175 units.

10. A boundary of separation between two magnetic materials is identified by which factor?

a) Change in the permeability

b) Change in permittivity

c) Change in magnetization

d) Conduction

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: Two materials are differentiated by their permeability in case of magnetic and

permittivity in case of electric. Thus at the boundary of separation, change in permeability is

identified for magnetic materials.

Questions and Answers - Sanfoundry

by staff10

This set of Electromagnetic Theory Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on

“Inductance”.

1. Calculate the emf of a coil with turns 100 and flux rate 5 units.

a) 20

b) -20

c) 500

d) -500

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: The emf is the product of the turns of the coil and the flux rate. Thus e = -N dφ/dt,

where the negative sign indicates that the emf induced is opposing the flux. Thus e = -100 x 5 = -

500 units.

2. The equivalent inductances of two coils 2H and 5H in series aiding flux with mutual

inductance of 3H is

a) 10

b) 30

c) 1

d) 13

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: The equivalent inductance of two coils in series is given by L = L1 + L2 + 2M,

where L1 and L2 are the self inductances and M is the mutual inductance. Thus L = 2 + 5 + 2(3)

= 13H.

3. The expression for the inductance in terms of turns, flux and current is given by

a) L = N dφ/di

b) L = -N dφ/di

c) L = Niφ

d) L = Nφ/i

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: We know that e = -N dφ/dt and also e = -L di/dt. On equating both we get, L =

Ndφ/di is the expression for inductance.

4. The equivalent inductance of two coils with series opposing flux having inductances 7H and

2H with a mutual inductance of 1H.

a) 10

b) 7

c) 11

d) 13

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The equivalent inductance of two coils in series with opposing flux is L = L1 + L2

– 2M, where L1 and L2 are the self inductances and M is the mutual inductance. Thus L = 7 + 2

– 2(1) = 7H.

a) K>1

b) K<1

c) K>0.5

d) K<0.5

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: k is the coefficient of coupling. It lies between 0 and 1. For loosely coupled coil,

the coefficient of coupling will be very less. Thus the condition K<0.5 is true.

a) L1 x L2

b) L1/L2

c) √(L1 x L2)

d) L2/L1

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The expression for mutual inductance is given by M = k √(L1 x L2), where k is the

coefficient of coupling. For unity coupling, k = 1, then M = √(L1 x L2).

a) True

b) False

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The expression is given by L = Ndφ/di. It can be seen that L is proportional to the

ratio of flux to current. Thus the statement is true.

8. Calculate the mutual inductance of two tightly coupled coils with inductances 49H and 9H.

a) 21

b) 58

c) 40

d) 49/9

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: For tightly coupled coils, the coefficient of coupling is unity. Then the mutual

inductance will be M = √(L1 x L2)= √(49 x 9) = 21 units.

9. Find the inductance of a coil with turns 50, flux 3 units and a current of 0.5A

a) 150

b) 300

c) 450

d) 75

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The self inductance of a coil is given by L = Nφ/I, where N = 50, φ = 3 and I = 0.5.

Thus L = 50 x 3/0.5 = 300 units.

10. The inductance of a coaxial cable with inner radius a and outer radius b, from a distance d, is

given by

a) L = μd ln(b/a)/2π

b) L = 2π μd ln(b/a)

c) L = πd/ln(b/a)

d) L = 0

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The inductance of a coaxial cable with inner radius a and outer radius b, from a

distance d, is a standard formula derived from the definition of the inductance. This is given by L

= μd ln(b/a)/2π.

This set of Electromagnetic Theory Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on

“Magnetic Energy and Circuits”.

a) BH/2

b) B/2H

c) H/2B

d) B/H

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The magnetic energy of a material is given by half of the product of the magnetic flux

density and the magnetic field intensity. It is represented as BH/2. Since B = μH, we can also write

as μH2 or B2/2μ.

2. The induced emf in a material opposes the flux producing it. This is

a) Faraday law

b) Ampere law

c) Lenz law

d) Curie law

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The induced emf in a material under the influence of a magnetic field will oppose the

flux that produces it. This is indicated by a negative sign in the emf equation. This phenomenon is

called Lenz law.

a) Emf

b) Magnetization

c) Magnetostriction

d) Polarization

View Answer

Answer: b

Explanation: The energy in a magnetic material is due to the formation of magnetic dipoles which are

held together due to magnetic force. This gives energy to the material. Hence it is due to

magnetization process.

4. The flux lines of two energised coils overlapping on each other will give

a) Series aiding

b) Shunt aiding

c) Series opposing

d) Shunt opposing

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: Flux lines are the magnetic lines of force of a magnetic material. Since the flux is

overlapping, the total flux of the two coils together will be high. Thus it is an aiding flux. Also this type

of overlapping is possible only when the two coils are back to back or in series connection.

a) Capacitance

b) Inductance

c) Reluctance

d) Magnetic resistance

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The reluctance of a magnetic material is the ability of the material to oppose the

magnetic flux. It is the ratio of the magnetic motive force mmf to the flux.

6. Calculate the reluctance of the material with a mmf of 3.5 units and flux of 7units.

a) 32.5

b) 10.5

c) 0.5

d) 2

View Answer

Answer: c

Explanation: The reluctance is defined as the ratio of the mmf and the flux. It is given by S = mmf/φ.

On substituting mmf = 3.5 and φ = 7, we get S = 3.5/7 = 0.5 units.

a) NI = Sφ

b) NS = Iφ

c) Nφ = SI

d) NI = S/φ

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: The reluctance is also defined by the ratio of the current element to the flux. In other

words, mmf = NI. Thus S = NI/φ. We get the relation NI = Sφ.

8. Calculate the reluctance of a material with length 2π x 10-4 in air with area 0.5.

a) 1

b) 10

c) 100

d) 1000

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: The reluctance is given by S = L/μ A, where L is the length, A is the area and μ is the

permeability. On substituting L = 2π x 10-4, A = 0.5 and μ = 4π x 10-7, we get S = 103/(2×0.5) = 1000

units.

a) Sφ

b) S/φ

c) φ/S

d) S

View Answer

Answer: a

Explanation: Ampere turn refers to the current element, which is the product of the turns and the

current. It is given by NI. From the definition of reluctance, S = NI/φ. Thus NI = Sφ is the best

equivalent.

a) Turns

b) Flux density

c) MMF

d) Current element

View Answer

Answer: d

Explanation: The line integral of H is given by ∫H. dl. From Ampere law it can be related to the

current density and hence the current element NI for a coil of N turns. Thus, ∫H. dl = NI.