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ĐỀ THI 01 60 phút Nghiêm Túc

Mark the letter A, Β, C or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other
three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 1. A. removed Β. approved C. reminded D. relieved
Question 2. A. fragile Β. bargain C. general D. luggage
Mark the letter Α, Β, C or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the
position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
Question 3. A. marvelous Β. notorious C. credulous D. numerous
Question 4. A. majority Β. obstinacy C. apology D. equality
Mark the letter A, Β, C or D to indicate the word(s) SIMILAR in meaning to the underlined
LUYỆỆỆ N THI ĐẠỆ I HỌỆ C MR TIỆỆ N

word(s) in each of the following questions.


Question 5. All at once Millie got up and left the house without any explanation.
A. as usual Β. as first C. suddenly D. not frequent
Question 6. Considering they are over 70 years old, you must admit they are in good shape.
A. fit Β. wealthy C. clever D. slow
Mark the letter A, Β, C or D to Indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined
word(s) in each of the following questions.
Question 7. “Don’t be such a pessimist I'm sure you'll soon get over it. Cheer up!”
A. activist Β. feminist C. optimist D. hobbyist
Question 8. It is obligatory for all students to take the entrance examination in order to attend the
university.
A. forced Β. impelling C. required D. optional
Mark the letter A, Β, C or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of
the following questions.
Question 9. Ancient people made a clay pottery because they needed it for their survival.
A. a clay Β. because C. it D. their survival
Question 10. If they took their language lesson seriously, they would be able to communicate with
the locals now.
A. took Β. seriously C. would be D. with the locals
Question 11. Grover Cleveland was the only American president served two nonconsecutive terms.
A. the only Β. served C. nonconsecutive D. terms
Mark the letter A, Β, C or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Question 12. My husband and I both go out to work so we share the _______.
A. happiness Β. household chores
C. responsibility D. employment
Question 13. When our teacher saw what we had done he was absolutely _______.
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A. angry Β. upset C. furious D. annoyed


Question 14. I enjoy walking to school, but on rainy days I _______ to going by bus.
ĐỀ THI 01 60 phút Nghiêm Túc

A. would rather Β. commit C. prefer D. resort


Question 15. The traffic lights _______ green and I pulled away.
A. became Β. turned C. got D. changed
Question 16. You should have _______ those shares when they were cheap.
A. taken out Β. sold off C. bought up D. taken over
Question 17. I'll _______ you _______ to our Research department. Please hold on.
A. put - away Β. put - out C. put - through D. put - up
Question 18. The telescope will photograph distant galaxies, _______ attempt to understand their
past.
LUYỆỆỆ N THI ĐẠỆ I HỌỆ C MR TIỆỆ N

A. in Β. for C. on D. with
Question 19. He _______ the umbrella in his right hand, trying to keep his balance.
A. hold Β. held
C. has been holding D. has held
Question 20. They want to get young people to open a bank _______.
A. count Β. counter C. account D. deposit
Question 21. Despite the plan's emphasis on agricultural _______, the industrial sector received a
larger share of state investment.
A. developing Β. developer C. development D. developed
Question 22. They still remain the need for an integrated system of subsidies which will _______
farmers to look after their upland environment and producing food.
A. enable Β. adopt C. consume D. discourage
Question 23. Although she loves movies, she doesn’t _______ enjoy live theatre.
A. partially Β. regularly C. finally D. particularly
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, Β, C or D to indicate the correct word or
phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
POST IN HISTORY
Although it may come as a surprise to many people, postal services have existed in some parts
of the world for thousands of years. There is ample evidence that a postal services existed among
the Assyrians and Babylonians. In China a regular postal service was established in the seventh
century BC, and over the centuries attained such a high level of efficiency that some 2000 years
after its (24) _______ it won the admiration of travelers like Marco Polo. Efficient and highly
developed postal services were also established in the Persia and Roman Empires. In ancient times,
these services were mainly confined to the use of representative of the state; private citizens made
use of slaves, merchants and the (25) _______ to send their messages and documents. In Medieval
Europe, postal services were organized by emperors and by the papacy, (26) _______ private
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citizens continued to entrust their correspondence to various travelers. Later around the 13th
century, universities and towns came to have the own messengers. However, it was not until the
ĐỀ THI 01 60 phút Nghiêm Túc

14th century when merchants, the private citizens who had the greatest need for a speedy and
regular exchange of correspondence, began to set (27) _______ regular courier services. The needs
of business (28) _______ to the development of the postal services as we know it today.
Question 24. A. introduction Β. institution C. application D. occurrence
Question 25. A. such Β. likely C. like D. same
Question 26. A. when Β. and C. until D. while
Question 27. A. up Β. out C. off D. in
Question 28. A. resulted Β. came C. brought D. led
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, Β, C or D to indicate the correct answer to
LUYỆỆỆ N THI ĐẠỆ I HỌỆ C MR TIỆỆ N

each of the questions.


In addition to their military role, the forts of the nineteenth century provided numerous other
benefits for the American West. The establishment of these posts opened new roads and provided for
the protection of daring adventurers and expeditions as well as established settlers. Forts also
served as bases where enterprising entrepreneurs could bring commerce to the West, providing
supplies and refreshments to soldiers as well as to pioneers. Posts like Fort Laramie provided
supplies for wagon trains traveling the natural highways toward new frontiers. Some posts became
stations for the pony express; still others, such as Fort Davis, were stagecoach stops for weary
travelers. All of these functions, of course, suggest that the contributions of the forts to the
civilization and development of the West extended beyond patrol duty.
Through the establishment of military posts, yet other contributions were made to the
development of western culture. Many posts maintained libraries or reading rooms, and some - for
example, Fort Davis - had schools. Post chapels provided a setting for religious services and
weddings. Throughout the wilderness, post bands provided entertainment and boosted morale.
During the last part of the nineteenth century, to reduce expenses, gardening was encouraged at the
forts, thus making experimental agriculture another activity of the military. The military stationed at
the various forts also played a role in civilian life by assisting in maintaining order, and civilian
officials often called on the army for protection.
Certainly, among other significant contributions the army made to the improvement of the
conditions of life was the investigation of the relationships among health, climate, and architecture.
From the earliest colonial times throughout the nineteenth century, disease ranked as the foremost
problem in defense. It slowed construction of forts and inhibited their military functions. Official
documents from many regions contained innumerable reports of sickness that virtually incapacitated
entire garrisons. In response to the problems, detailed observations of architecture and climate and
their relationships to the frequency of the occurrence of various diseases were recorded at various
posts across the nation by military surgeons.
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Question 29. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage?
A. By the nineteenth century, forts were no longer used by the military.
ĐỀ THI 01 60 phút Nghiêm Túc

Β. Surgeons at forts could not prevent outbreaks of disease.


C. Forts were important to the development of the American West.
D. Life in nineteenth-century forts was very rough.
Question 30. The word “daring” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. lost Β. bold C. lively D. foolish
Question 31. The word “others” in paragraph 1 refers to _______.
A. posts Β. wagon trains C. frontiers D. highways
Question 32. Which of the following is the most likely inference about the decision to promote
gardening at forts?
LUYỆỆỆ N THI ĐẠỆ I HỌỆ C MR TIỆỆ N

A. It was expensive to import produce from far away.


Β. Food brought in from outside was often spoiled.
C. Gardening was a way to occupy otherwise idle soldiers.
D. The soil near the forts was very fertile.
Question 33. According to the passage, which of the following posed the biggest obstacle to the
development of military forts?
A. Insufficient shelter Β. Shortage of materials
C. Attacks by wild animals D. Illness
Question 34. The word “inhibited” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. involved Β. exploited C. united D. hindered
Question 35. How did the military assist in the investigation of health problems?
A. By registering annual birth and death rates
Β. By experiments with different building materials
C. By maintaining records of diseases and potential causes
D. By monitoring the soldiers' diets
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D to indicate the correct answer to
each of the questions.
Birds that feed in flocks commonly retire together into roosts. The reasons for roosting
communally are not always obvious, but there are some likely benefits. In winter especially, it is
important for birds to keep warm at night and conserve precious food reserves. One way to do this
is to find a sheltered roost. Solitary roosters shelter in dense vegetation or enter a cavity - horned
larks dig holes in the ground and ptarmigan burrow into snow banks - but the effect of sheltering is
magnified by several birds huddling together in the roosts, as wrens, swifts, brown creepers,
bluebirds, and anis do. Body contact reduces the surface area exposed to the cold air, so the birds
keep each other warm. Two kinglets huddling together were found to reduce their heat losses by a
quarter, and three together saved a third of their heat.
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The second possible benefit of communal roosts is that they act as “information centers”.
During the day, parties of birds will have spread out to forage over a very large area. When they
ĐỀ THI 01 60 phút Nghiêm Túc

return in the evening some will have fed well, but others may have found little to eat. Some
investigators have observed that when the birds set out again next morning, those birds that did not
feed well on the previous day appear to follow those that did. The behavior of common and lesser
kestrels may illustrate different feeding behaviors of similar birds with different roosting habits. The
common kestrel hunts vertebrate animals in a small, familiar hunting ground, whereas the very
similar lesser kestrel feeds on insects over a large area. The common kestrel roosts and hunts alone,
but the lesser kestrel roosts and hunts in flocks, possibly so one bird can learn from others where to
find insect swarms.
Finally, there is safety in numbers at communal roosts since there will always be a few birds
LUYỆỆỆ N THI ĐẠỆ I HỌỆ C MR TIỆỆ N

awake at any given moment to give the alarm. But this increased protection is partially counteracted
by the fact that mass roosts attract predators and are especially vulnerable if they are on the ground.
Even those in trees can be attacked by birds of prey. The birds on the edge are at greatest risk since
predators find it easier to catch small birds perching at the margins of the roost.
Question 36. What does the passage mainly discuss?
A. How birds find and store food Β. How birds maintain body heat in the winter
C. Why birds need to establish territory D. Why some species of birds nest together
Question 37. The word “conserve” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______?
A. retain Β. watch
C. locate D. share
Question 38. Ptarmigan keep warm in the winter by _______.
A. huddling together on the ground with other birds
Β. building nests in trees
C. burrowing into dense patches of vegetation
D. digging tunnels into the snow
Question 39. The word “magnified” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.
A. caused Β. modified C. intensified D. combined
Question 40. The author mentions “kinglets” in paragraph 1 as an example of birds that _______.
A. protect themselves by nesting in holes
Β. nest with other species of birds
C. nest together for warmth
D. usually feed and nest in pairs
Question 41. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as an advantage derived by
birds that huddle together while sleeping?
A. Some members of the flock warn others of impending dangers.
Β. Staying together provides a greater amount of heat for the whole flock.
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C. Some birds in the flock function as information centers for others who are looking for food.
D. Several members of the flock care for the young.
ĐỀ THI 01 60 phút Nghiêm Túc

Question 42. Which of the following is a disadvantage of communal roosts that is mentioned in the
passage?
A. Diseases easily spread among the birds.
Β. Groups are more attractive to predators than individual birds are.
C. Food supplies are quickly depleted.
D. Some birds in the group will attack the others.
Question 43. The word “they” in paragraph 3 refers to _______.
A. a few birds Β. mass roosts C. predators D. trees
Mark the letter A, Β, C or D to indicate the correct response to each of the following
LUYỆỆỆ N THI ĐẠỆ I HỌỆ C MR TIỆỆ N

exchanges.
Question 44. - Well, it was nice talking to you, but I have to go.
- _______.
A. Yes, I enjoyed talking to you too. Β. OK, see you.
C. Pleased to meet you, too. D. Nice to meet you. I'm Hoa.
Question 45. - Do you feel like going out for a drink this evening?
- _______.
A. That would be great.
Β. Thank you very much for your kind invitation.
C. Yes. I like very much.
D. No, I don't. I am busy.
Mark the letter A, Β, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the
following questions.
Question 46. She’s bound to see Jim at the meeting.
A. She's obliged to see Harry at the meeting.
Β. She's on her way to see Harry at the meeting.
C. It's certain that she will see Harry at the meeting.
D. She's too busy to see Harry at the meeting.
Question 47. The burglar was caught red-handed by the police when he broke into the flat.
A. The police caught the burglar breaking into the flat.
Β. The police caught the burglar to break into the flat.
C. The police caught the burglar when breaking into the flat.
D. When the burglar bad broken into the flat, the police caught him at once.
Question 48. I won't sell the painting, no matter how much you offer me.
A. Whenever you offer me to buy the painting, I won’t sell it.
Β. How many money you offer me, I won’t sell the painting.
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C. Whatever price you offer me, I won’t sell the painting.


D. In spite of your offering me how much money, but I won’t sell the painting.
ĐỀ THI 01 60 phút Nghiêm Túc

Mark the letter A, Β, C or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences
in the following questions.
Question 49. We spend about one-third of our lives sleeping. We know relatively little about sleep.
A. We know relatively little about sleep; as a result, we spend about one-third of our lives
sleeping.
Β. We shall know more about sleep if we spend more than one-third of our lives sleeping.
C. Despite spending about one-third of our lives sleeping, we know relatively little about sleep.
D. We spend about one-third of our lives sleeping so that we know relatively little about sleep.
Question 50. He didn't take his father’s advice. That's why he is out of work.
LUYỆỆỆ N THI ĐẠỆ I HỌỆ C MR TIỆỆ N

A. If he had taken his father's advice, he would not have been out of work.
Β. If he took his father's advice, he would not be out of work.
C. If he had taken his father’s advice, he would not be out of work.
D. If he takes his father's advice, he will not be out of work.
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