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software consists of computer

programs that control the workings of


computer hardware.

• Computer programs : are sequences of


instructions for the computer.
• Documentation describes the program functions
to help the user operate the computer system.

The program displays some while other forms appear in external


documentation on screen, resources, such as printed manuals
1. Computer programs are sequences of user
instructions.

• ANS: F
1. ________ are sequences of
instructions for the computer.

ANS: Computer program


________ describes the program functions to
help the user operate the computer system.
a. Program code c. User interface
b. Documentation d. System software

ANS: B
________ describes the program functions to
help the user operate the computer system.
3. Documentation are sequences of
instructions for the computer.

ANS: F
Computer programs
1st Systems software :
“is the set of programs designed to coordinate the activities
and functions of the hardware and various programs
throughout the computer system. “

v  Computer system platform:


i
p
A combination of hardware and system software

2nd Application software :


“consists of programs that help users solve particular
computing problems.”

Application software resides on the Application software can also be stored on


computer’s hard disk CDs, DVDs, and even flash or key chain
storage devices that plug into a USB port.
Distinguish between systems software and application
software.

ANS:

 Systems software is the set of programs designed to


coordinate the activities and functions of the hardware and
various programs throughout the computer system.

 Applications software consists of programs that help users


solve particular computing problems.
Systems software consists of programs that help
users solve particular computing problems.

ANS: F
Sometimes referred to as rich _____ application,
a Web-delivered software application combines
hardware resources of the Web server and PC to
deliver valuable software services through a
Web browser interface.

Internet
After a computer system is started, portions of
the operating system are transferred to _____ as
they are needed.
a. the CPU c. the back-up rescue disk
b. memory d. none of the above

ANS: B
The _____ interface is an interface that allows
applications to make use of the operating
system.

ANS: application program

PTS: 1 REF: An Overview of Software


sphere of influence
• One useful way of classifying the many potential
uses of information systems is to identify
( sphere of influence) “the scope of the
problems and opportunities addressed by a
particular organization.”

• For most companies, the spheres of influence are


personal, workgroup, and enterprise.
sphere of influence cont.
1st personal sphere of influence:
“the sphere of influence that serve the needs of
an individual users”

• personal productivity software:


“software that enables users to improve their
personal effectiveness, increasing the amount of
work that can be done and its quality.”
sphere of influence cont.

2nd work group sphere of influence:


“the sphere of influence that serve the
needs of a work group ”

3nd Enterprise sphere of influence:


“the sphere of influence that serve
the needs of the firm in its
interaction with its environment”
sphere of influence cont.
the following Table shows how various kinds
of software support these three spheres. readin
g
. An information system that operates in the
_____ sphere of influence supports two or more
people who work together to achieve a common
goal.
a. personal c. enterprise
b. workgroup d. none of the above

ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: An Overview of


Software
Information systems that operate within the
workgroup sphere of influence of influence
support the firm in its interaction with
customers, suppliers, shareholders, competitors,
special-interest groups, the financial community,
and government agencies.

ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: An Overview of


Software
• For most companies, the spheres of influence
are ________, workgroup, and enterprise.

• ANS: individual

• PTS: 1 REF: An Overview of Software


1st SYSTEMS SOFTWARE

• Controlling the operations of computer hardware


is one of the most critical functions of systems
software.
• Systems software also supports the application
programs’ problem-solving capabilities.
• Different types of systems software include
1) operating systems
2) and utility programs
3) and middleware.
Operating Systems
• An operating system (OS) is a set of computer
programs that control the computer hardware
and act as an interface with application
programs.

The Role of Operating Systems


The role of the operating system is
to act as an interface between
application software and hardware.
An operating system is a set of programs that
controls the computer hardware and acts as
interface with applications.

ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


The _____ is software that performs many tasks
including providing a user interface and
providing input/output management.

ANS: operating system


A storage device that contains some or all of the
operating system is often called a ________
because you can use it to start the computer if
you have problems with the primary hard disk.

ANS: rescue disk

PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


Operating Systems cont.
• Operating systems can control one computer or multiple computers, or they can allow
multiple users to interact with one computer.
• The various combinations of OSs, computers, and users include the De
following: read
st
1 Single computer with a single user: This system is commonly used in a personal
computer or a handheld computer that allows one user at a time.
2nd Single computer with multiple users: This system is typical of larger, mainframe
computers that can accommodate hundreds or thousands of people, all using the
computer at the same time.
3rd Multiple computers with multiple users: This system is typical of a network of
computers, such as a home network with several computers attached or a large
computer network with hundreds of computers attached around the world.
4th Special-purpose computers:
This type of system is typical of a number of computers withspecialized functions, such as
those that control sophisticated military aircraft, space shuttles, digital cameras, or home
appliances.
Operating systems can control one computer or
multiple computers, or they can allow multiple
users to interact with one computer.
Ans ; t
The collection of programs that make up the operating
system performs a variety of
activities, including the following:
• Performing common computer hardware functions
• Providing a user interface and input/output
management
• Providing a degree of hardware independence
• Managing system memory
• Managing processing tasks
• Providing networking capability
• Controlling access to system resources
• Managing files
The _____ is software that performs many tasks
including providing a user interface and
providing input/output management.

ANS: operating system


essay
• Explain activates are perormed by os?
1.Perform common computer hard
ware functions
• All application must perform certain hard ware
related task such as :
 get input from key board or some other inputs
devices
 Retrieve data from disks
Store data on disks
Display information on a monitor or a printer

Get ‫يعني الحصول استرداد تخزين عرض‬


• The operating system converts a basic user
request into the set of detailed instructions
that the computer hardware requires, thus
acting as an intermediary between the
application and the hardware.

• ANS: T
2.Providing a user interface and
input/output management
• One of the most important functions of any OS is providing a user
interface:

“user interface: The element of the operating system that


allows you to access and command the computer system”

command-based user interface graphical user interface (GUI)

A user interface that requires An interface that displays


you to give text commands to pictures (icons) and menus that
the computer to perform basic people use to send commands to
activities. the computer system.
A command-based user interface employs icons
and menus that people use to send commands
to the computer system.

ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


• graphical user interface (GUI) requires you to
give text commands to the computer to
perform basic activities.
• ANS: F
‫ فياللي معايا‬11 ‫رقمم‬
• A ………… displays pictures (icons) and menus
that people use to send commands to the
computer system.
a. os b. A command-based user
interface d. multitasking

ANS: B PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


3.Providing a degree of hardware
independence
To run, applications request services from the
OS through a defined application program
interface (API),
application program interface (API)
“applications to make use of the operating
system.”
Programmers can use APIs to create
application software without understanding
the inner workings of the operating system
The operating system’s application provides
software developers with tools they use to build
application software without needing to
understand the inner workings of the operating
system and hardware.

ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


To run, applications request services from the
OS through a defined application program
interface

Ans: T
A(n) _____ allows applications to make use
of the operating system.

ANS: application program interface


Being able to develop software without concern
for the specific underlying hardware is referred
to as ________.

ANS: hardware independence


4.Managing system memory

• allows the computer to execute program


instructions effectively and to speed
processing.
-----------------works by swapping programs or
parts of programs between memory and one or
more disk drives.

ANS: Virtual memory


• Most operating systems support
............which allocates space on the hard disk
to supplement the immediate, functional
memory capacity of RAM.

• virtual memory,
Most operating systems support virtual memory,
which allocates space on the hard disk to
supplement the immediate, functional memory
capacity of RAM.

• ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Systems


Software
5.Managing processing tasks

• The task-management features of today’s OSs manage


all processing activities. Task management allocates
computer resources to make the best use of each
system’s assets. Task management software lets one
user run several programs or tasks at the same time
(multitasking) and allows several users to use the same
computer at the same time (time sharing).

An OS with multitasking capabilities allows a user to run


more than one application at the same time.
The _____ features of the operating system
allocates computer resources to make the best
use of each system’s assets.
a. user interface c. file management
b. task management d. multitasking

ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


An operating system with _____ capabilities allows
a user to run more than one application at the
same time.
a. networking capability c. memory
management
b. hardware independence d. multitasking

ANS: D PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


An operating system with multitasking
capabilities allows a user to run one program in
the foreground while meanwhile another
program is running in the ________.

ANS: background

PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


Essay
Distinguish between multitasking and time sharing.

ANS:
Multitasking: allows a single user to run more
than one application at the same time.
 Time sharing: allows more than one person to
use a computer at the same time.

PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


_____ allows more than one person to use a
computer system at the same time.

ANS: Time sharing

PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


• The ability of a computer to handle an increasing
number of concurrent users smoothly Is calld
multitasking
ANS: F

• The ability of a computer to handle an


increasing number of concurrent users smoothly
is called scalability.

ANS: T
6.Provide Networking Capabilities

• PCs running Mac, Windows, or Linux operating


systems allow users to easily set up home or
business networks for sharing Internet
connections, printers, storage, and data.
7.Control Access to System Resources
and Security
• the OS needs to provide a high level of
security against unauthorized access to the
users’ data and programs.
8.Managing files

• The OS manages files to :


1.ensure that files in secondary storage are
available when needed
2.and that they are protected from access by
unauthorized users.
PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software

11. The Windows 8 operating system includes a touch interface and displays
colorful tiles instead of icons.

ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software

12. Mac computer users can set up their computer to run both Windows and
Mac OS X operating systems by using the dual boot option.

ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software

13. Linux is not a full operating system and many distributions of Linux are
available with various sets of capabilities and applications to form a full operating system.

ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software

14. Yahoo has developed its own Linux-based operating system called Chrome
OS.

ANS: F PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software


15. z/OS from IBM, HP-UX form Hewlett Packard, and Linux are
examples of mainframe operating systems.

ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software

16. Symbian is an example of a popular cell phone


embedded operating system.

ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software

17. Embedded operating systems are typically designed to


perform specific tasks.

ANS: T PTS: 1 REF: Systems Software