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MONTENEGRIN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES AND ARTS

Special Editions (Monographies and Studies)


Volume 129

Department of Humanities
Volume 12

SLAVICA PEROVIC

CONCEPTUAL METAPHOR
OFCULTURALL~RELATED
PHENOMENA
Editor
Branislav Ostojic

Podgorica,2017
SADRZAJ

POJMOVNA METAFORA KULTURNO SRODNIH POJMOVA 5


1. UVOD 5
1. 1. Pojmovna metafora 6
1. 2. Metafora i kultura 8
1. 3. Metodologija i istrazivanje 11

2. POJMOVNA METAFORA LJUBAV 13


2. 1. Konceptualizacija ljubavi 13
2.2. Analiza 17
2.3. Pojrnovne metafore 17
2. 4. Pojrnovne rnetonirnije 25
2. 5. Srodni pojrnovi 26
2. 6. Pozitivne i negativne metafore 27
2. 7. Zakljucak 29

3. POJMOVNA METAFORA BRAK 33


3. 1. Konceptualizacija braka 33
3. 2. Analiza 35
3. 3. Polarizacija rnetafora 43
3. 4. Zakljucak 45

4. POJMOVNA METAFORA ZENA 48


4. 1. Konceptualizacija zene .48
4. 2. Analiza 49
4. 3. Pozitivne i negativne rnetafore 65
4. 4. Zakljucak 68

5. POJMOVNA METAFORA MUSKARAC 73


5. 1. Konceptualizacija rnuskarca 73
5. 2. Analiza 74
5. 3. Zakljucak 83

6. ZAKLJUCAK 87
120 SLAVICA PEROVIC

DODATAK 91
BIBLIOGRAFIJA 101
SPISAK TABELA 105
SPISAK GRAFIKONA 107
REGISTAR POJMOVA I IMENA 109
REGISTAR METAFORA 115
CRNOGORSKA AKADEMIJA NAUKA I UMJETNOSTI

Slavica Perovic

POJMOVNA METAFORA
KULTURNO SRODNIH POJMOVA

Priprema za itampu
Bojan R. Popovic
Medeon, Podgorica

Tiraz
200 primjeraka

Stampa
Pro File, Podgorica
2017.

CIP - Karanornaauaja y ny6mIKaU;~1j~


Hal.\J10HalIHa 6J161I~OTeKaIlpne [ope, Ilermse

ISBN 978-86-7215-397-2
COBISS.CG-ID 32756240
POJMOVNA METAFORA
KULTURNO SRODNIH POJMOVA'

1. UVOD

U ovoj studiji istrazivacerno pojmovnu metaforu (engl. conceptual meta-


phor) pojmova muskarac, iena, ljubav i brak prema teorijskim postavkama
Lejkofa i Dzonsona (Lakoff and [ohnson, 1980), koji su ustanovili teoriju poj-
movne metafore, i Kevecesa (Kovecses, 2010), koji je dao znacajan doprinos
proucavanjima metafore i kulture. Osnovna pretpostavka ovog rada zasniva
se na ocekivanju da cerno u istrazivanju dobiti univerzalne koneeptualizacije
cetiri navedena pojma usljed jedinstvenosti covjekovog iskustva, ali i one kul-
turno specificne, zbog uslovljenosti kulturom u kojoj su nastajale i kontekstom
koji ih je oblikovao. Univerzalnost ocekujerno na nivou metafora koje su di-
rektno derivirane iz primarnih metafora i predstavljaju iskustvenu konstantu
i empirijsku postojanost, a kulturnu specificnost u lingvistickirn realizacijama
gdje metafora oblikuje misao na kulturi imanentan nacin.
Ponekad kulturno specificne metafore mogu da se grupisu u slozene me-
tafore (engl. complex metaphors), cime kvalitet kulturne razlicitosti u koneep-
tualizacijama biva jasniji, narocito na relaciji izrazitih polarizacija i kontrasta,
dok svjedocanstvo 0 vremenu koje je te metafore porodilo biva ociglednije.
Vazno je napomenuti da su neke od ovih metafora u jeziku vec dugo, a neke
su novostvorene, stoga je dimenzija temporalnosti takode znacajan cinilac se-
mantike i pragmatske interpretacije, mada njena tacna interpretacija ostaje van
domena ambicija ovog rada .

. Studija Pojmovna metafora kulturno srodnih pojmova nastala je kao rezultat istraziva-
nja na Bolonjskom univerzitetu za period od 1. do 31. maja 2015. Zahvaljujuci stipendiji za
nastavno osoblje Join EU SEE>Penta Erasmus Mundus, koju sam dobila kao redovni profe-
sor Univerziteta erne Gore, predavala sam na doktorskim studijima Italian Studies, Literary
Cultures and Linguistics i Foreign Languages and Translation fakulteta Filologia Classica
e ltalianistica Univerziteta u Bolonji i istovremeno radila na ovoj studiji. Dugujem dubo-
ku zahvalnost kako organizaciji Join EU SEE>Penta Erasmus Mundus tako i Bolonjskorn
Univerzitetu na mogucnosti da ovaj projekt realizujem.
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