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Additional Practice

1. How much energy is needed to turn 65 grams of ice at -22oC into water at 55oC?

2. How much energy is needed to turn 145 grams of water at 25oC into steam at 100oC?

3. How much energy is needed to completely melt 2.0 kg of copper that is initially at 15oC? [ccu=385 J/(kgoC),
Hf=205 kJ/kg, melting point = 1,085oC)

4. How much energy is needed to turn 3.0 kg of ice at 0.0oC into steam at 115o?

5. What is the final temperature if 120 grams of copper at 130oC is added to 180g of water at 12oC?

6. Heat is added to the gas in a cylinder causing it to expand and push a piston. The piston exerts a force of 430 N
through a distance of 15 cm.
A. How much work is done by the gas as it expands?
B. If the internal energy of the gas increases by 85 J during this process, how much heat was added?

7. 138 J of work is done on a piston compressing the gas inside the cylinder. During this process the gas emits 57 J
of heat. How much does the internal energy of the gas change?

8. The internal energy of a system increases by 836 J when 1254 J of heat is added. How much work is done by the
system?

9. 14.0 J of work is done to compress a gas. How much heat does it expel if its internal energy increases by 8.0 J
during this process?

10. Change in entropy is defined as the amount of heat added divided by the absolute temperature of the system it
is added to. (Ds=Q/T). What is the change of entropy when 18 kJ of heat are added to a system at 50.0oC?