a review of computation method for make batik motif

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a review of computation method for make batik motif

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AND MATHEMATICAL EQUATION

Dyah Rizki Hujairha Laitupa 1

Collage Student, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Telkom University, Bandung, Indonesia

with a sequence of program code that implements the

The art of coloring the cloth with the coloring blocking

algorithm and also computational methods to create and

technique using the night is one of the ancient art forms.

also develop a varied batik motif. In making traditional

And batik is one of the art of coloring cloth that has

batik from making motif to batik cloth will usually take a

developed in Indonesia since Majapahit Kingdom. The

long time with this computational technique can shorten the

process of making batik traditionally takes a long time.

process of making batik.

From the length of the process of making batik there are

stages that usually takes quite a long time called Computation method is one useful tool to modify

scratching/menyorek is to draw a motive either on paper or traditional pattern. Some studies in computer science have

directly on the cloth. This is because at the stage of scraping been done to explore Batik pattern [2]. Rangkuti has

batik should think of ideas after getting new ideas batik will studied batik pattern classification based on the content of

apply it. The process of getting this idea make the process the pattern [3] and one of them used wavelet transform and

longer in making batik. With the development of fuzzy neural network [4]. The other studies have made

technology and science today, it can shorten making the modification by extracting geometric features of the

motif by using an algorithm or computation method. original patterns and then made some modifications in

geometric features position [5] or in pattern complexity [2].

Keywords: Batik motif, Scratching/ Menyorek,

Computation Method Kusuma has made modification in traditional

regular pattern based on cellular automata model [6,7]. One

of them implemented pedestrian dynamic method [7].

INTRODUCTION These studies explored regular pattern because of its

simplicity so it can be easier to be made by computer

Batik is an art form of staining cloth with a barrier program [6,7]. The modifications have been done by

technique using wax where the technique is an ancient art adding some uncertainties to enrich the regular pattern

form. The discovery of a mummy wrapping cloth coated [6,7]. One of them implemented fully stochastic method [6]

wax to form a pattern in Egypt shows that this technique and the other implemented combination between stochastic

has been known since the 4th century BC. In Asia, similar and deterministic method [7]. The new model is proposed

techniques of batik were also applied in China during the to improve the occupied cell ratio problem. This model is

T'ang Dynasty (618-907) and in India and Japan during the developed by combining the modified interaction force and

Nara Period (645-794). In Africa, techniques such as batik random walk [2]. Interaction force method acts as collision

are known by the Yoruba Tribe in Nigeria, as well as the avoidance part. In its origin, interaction force is a part of

Soninke and Wolof Tribes in Senegal [1]. social forces model that is used to avoid collision between

persons [8-10]

Batik motif has uniqueness and beauty that

become one of the character forming of Indonesia that Develop fibrous root pattern in batik pattern

distinguish us with other nation so that can become identity generation by combining L-system and random walk. This

and national identity. Batik is a downward art that has research proposes realistic and simple root growth model.

become a tradition in Indonesia. So that the motifs of batik Then, this model is implemented to generate batik pattern.

that can be recognized from certain areas and also to date This model must be realistic so people still recognize that

can show the status pemaikanya because some traditional the pattern is root pattern. This model must be simple so

motifs are only used by the family palace. the computation still light because this basic root pattern

will be added into batik pattern generation application. In

this research, the type of the root that is modeled is fibrous detail in smaller scale. In Self Affine an object has detail

root [12]. which resembles the object, although not necessarily be

similar in every aspect. The process of batik in producing

All of them are built based on cellular automata

batik motifs which has fractal characteristic. The initial

model, fix iteration, and multi agent system. The problem

Hypothesis of this research is that batik has fractional

in the previous works is by using the small number of

fractal dimension, which means that batik is Fractal.

agents, the occupied cell ratio was still below 50 percents.

It is because the agents cannot move anymore before the The hypothesis’ background is the making of isen

iteration stops [6,7]. So, increasing the number of occupied in batik motifs. Isen itself is the process of filling the space

cells ratio to above 50 percents with same number of agents left by main motifs with ornamentations. The measurement

by extending travelling distance is still challenging. of fractal dimension itself is useful for analyzing in

different fields. Such as heart failure detection ( Teich et

Explores the potential ability of evolutionary

al ), river flows (Szustalewicz et al), transportation

computation in Batik design. We investigate the use of

(Dorfman), brain tumor detection (Marsh), fish’s neuron in

algorithm or computation method in our system, with the

brain ( Isaeva ), retinal eye scan (Ewe et al). The paper thus

goal of enhancing user’s creativity to generate innovative

explores the possibility of creating batik through

Batik-like patterns. We focus mainly on two crucial aspects

Generative Arts. If batik is indeed fractal, then it is

of the system. First, a new representation is proposed to

appropriate to produce batik motifs using the same

capture the features in Batik and create innovative patterns

means[13]. The algorithm is as follow:

through evolutionary processes. Second, an out-breeding

mechanism is applied to our system, in order to sustain

user’s interest for a longer period. Our system can search a

much larger design space than other systems and can avoid

being trapped in a local optimum. We describe the system

in detail and the methodology we have adopted in the

system. Our experimental results have shown that our

newly developed system is effective and has great

potentials in evolving novel Batik design [11].

Figure 1 Algorithm of Creating Batik Motif Using Fractal

There are two main topics in defining batik: as a

process and as motif. Process is the technic in

craftsmanship to produce batik by resist-dye technique.

The motifs itself is the ornaments found in batik, which are

classified as parang, geometry,banji, spreading plants,

water plants, flowers and animal. Batik is not an ordinary

textile art. Inside we found functional value. This value

creates different batik motifs. For example the motifs

between peasant and noble, coastal and interior, everyday

and ritual are not similar to represent the difference of each

value.

judgment of being good or bad, but in its effort to obey the

Figure 2 Design Motif Batik Fractal (1)

pakem rule. As a form of decorative art, the ornament or

isen is not merely to fill the space left from the batik motifs,

but rather as to give specific value. Indeed, to understand

the batik motif it is not enough to disentangle the motifs to

just merely dots, line, colour or shape, but also its meaning

behind it. In Complexity Theory, the emergent of Chaos are

marked by the presence of fractal. Fractal stands between

order and chaos, in which case are known as in Edge of

Chaos. [13]

Self-Similarity and Self-Affine. In Self-Similarity an

object has geometrical form which resembles the object’s Figure 3 Design Motif Batik Fractal (2)

In figure 2 and figure 3 below is the process of Based on this simple method, L-system then was

making batik motifs using fractal, first step we made the used, modified, and combined with other method to model

main motif and then the main motifs are duplicated and more specific plant growth. Suhartono combined L-system

processed in such a way from the color, the slope or the size and Fuzzy Mamdani to model Zinnia Elegans growth [17].

of the motif. After we arranged in such a way the motif will Castellanos used L-system to model plant death process

be added motifs isen to be an additional ornament on the simulation [18]. Meng used L-system to model to model

batik motif. wheat rooting [20]. Hamon used L-system to model 3D

virtual plant simulation [21].

LINDENMAYER SYSTEM

grammatical in the form of axioma, where symbols used

represent growth of plants, parallel changes in symbols and

stimulants occur at each stage [14]. The main concept of L-

System itself is rewriting. With the rewrite technique we

will get a complex object by rewriting based on the defined

rule (rewriting rule). For example the application of

rewriting L-System snowflake curve in 1905 by von Koch

[14]. The process involved involves the generator on the

initiator, then applying the generator to the final output and

so on [15].

growth of plant parts in parallel and simultaneous ones is

turtle graph, which can move in various directions, towards

the front, towards the right or towards the left, can be Figure 4 Example of Simple L-System Algorithm

exemplified there are 3 symbols namely F, + and -, diamana

for the symbol F states a long part of the plant moving in

various directions, clock rotation is expressed as + symbol

and reverse direction as symbol [14].

growth. One of them is L-system that was introduced by

Lindenmayer. This method varies from simple to complex Random Walk is a mathematical object known as a

form [16]. This method has been used to model root [17], stochastic process that starts at a certain point and moves to

branch, leaf, and flower. This method also has been a randomly selected neighbor, from which the same process

improved and combined with other method [17-20]. L- will be executed. The direction of movement or

system was also used to develop plant like model. The displacement will be determined by the probability value.

other method is random walk. The other method is random The basic example of a random path is a random walk on

walk that was used with the assumption that plant growth an integer line, ℤ, which starts at 0 and on every move move

is stochastic and the plant behavior cannot be predicted +1 or -1 with the same probability. The term random walk

exactly even many parameters have been used. Other was first introduced by Karl Pearson in 1905 [22]. They are

method used complex biological mechanism such as used to model different phenomena in mathematics and

elongation, mortality, and gravity. physics that are widely applied in areas such as economics,

ecology, biology, computer science, and others.

There are many traditional decorative patterns in technique with natural science to create new art pattern or

Indonesia. Some of them are regular pattern. The advantage to renew traditional pattern.

of regular one is its simplicity and easiness to be built by

iterative algorithm. The disadvantage is it is monotonous.

So, stochastic method can be implemented into regular REFERENCE

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