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Fluid Machine Problems

Centrifugal Pumps

1. When operated at a speed of 1200 rpm, a centrifugal pump gives the following
performance: Discharge of water=400 gpm and discharge head=200 feet. If the pump is
operated to give a discharge head of 500 feet without change of system characteristics.
What must be the speed and volume of water discharged?

Ans. 3000rpm,1000gpm

2.A multi-stage centrifugal pump is to deliver 1000 gpm of water at a total head of 900
ft. Specific speed is 500 rpm and rotative rpm is 600.

a) Determine the number of stages required. Answer=7

b) If a single stage pump is used, what would be the rotative rpm, Ns = 500rpm.

3. A double suction pump is required to deliver 2200 gpm against a total dynamic head
of 300 ft at a speed of 1750 rpm. Specific gravity is 1.2.

a) What horsepower would be required at the pump shaft if the pump is single

b) If the pump were two stage, what should be the horsepower? Answer=232 HP

4. A 2-stage centrifugal pump delivers 50 gpm of 225°F water against 250 ft. head at
3500 rpm.

a) What is its specific speed? Answer=662 rpm

b) What head could a geometrically similar pump produce if operated at 3000 rpm
at 40 gpm flow? Answer=175.4 feet

5. Calculate drive horsepower for pumping 450 gpm cold water to a tank. Suction of
5”Hg vacuum, delivery at 75 psig, both measured close to pump. Assume that np is
6. Determine the specific speeds of the following single-stage pumps and specify the
type of pump that would probably be used for each.

PUMP RPM CAPACITY, GPM TOTAL HEAD,

FT
A 1150 3500 100
B 885 12000 15
C 675 20000 50
D 625 9000 18
Answer A=2150 and pump type is francis type

7.A commercial pump is operating at 2150 rpm and delivers 1800 GPM against a head
of 47.03 m. Determine the approximate efficiency based on cengel.

8. A double suction, single stage centrifugal pump delivers 900 m3/hr of sea water (s.g.
= 1.03) from source where water varies 2 meters from low tide to high tide level. The
pump centerline is located 2.6 meters above the surface of the water at high tide level.
The pump discharges into a surface condenser 3 meters above pump centerline loss of
head due to friction in suction is 0.8 m and 3 m at discharge. The pump is directly
connected to a 1750 rpm, 450 volts, 3ⵁ, 60 hz source. Required: