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METHOD STATEMENT FOR PILING

The Street, Ashtead

Tesco Stores Ltd


CONTENT

1 PREAMBLES .................................................................................................................................. 3
2 SCOPE OF THE WORKS ............................................................................................................... 4

2.1 Design ........................................................................................................................... 4


3 DESCRIPTION OF THE WORKS ................................................................................................... 5
4 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION ....................................................................................................... 6

4.1 Project Specification ...................................................................................................... 6


4.1.1 Compliance with the Specification .................................................................................................... 6

4.2 Additions and Amendments to the Codes ....................................................................... 6


4.2.1 Existing Services ................................................................................................................................ 6
4.2.2 Site Inspection ................................................................................................................................... 6
4.2.3 Avoidance of Damage/ Nuisance ...................................................................................................... 6
4.2.4 Site Investigation ............................................................................................................................... 6
4.2.5 Attendances, Etc ............................................................................................................................... 7
4.2.6 Piling Level ......................................................................................................................................... 7
4.2.7 Noise ................................................................................................................................................. 7
4.2.8 Vibration............................................................................................................................................ 7
5 PARTICULAR SPECIFICATION .................................................................................................... 8

5.1 Materials ....................................................................................................................... 8


5.1.1 Compliance with Standards............................................................................................................... 8
5.1.2 Pile Shoes .......................................................................................................................................... 8
5.1.3 Pile Head Reinforcement .................................................................................................................. 8
5.1.4 Pile Quality ........................................................................................................................................ 8
5.1.5 Marking of Piles ................................................................................................................................. 8
5.1.6 Ordering of Piles ................................................................................................................................ 8

5.2 Workmanship ................................................................................................................ 8


5.2.1 Handling, Transportation and Storage .............................................................................................. 8
5.2.2 Pile Driving ........................................................................................................................................ 9
5.2.3 Strength of Piles ................................................................................................................................ 9
5.2.4 Pile Installation System ..................................................................................................................... 9
5.2.5 Performance of Driving Equipment ................................................................................................... 9
5.2.6 Length of Piles ................................................................................................................................... 9
5.2.7 Repair and Lengthening of Piles ........................................................................................................ 9
5.2.8 Cutting Off Pile Heads ....................................................................................................................... 9
5.2.9 Testing ............................................................................................................................................. 10
5.2.10 Records ....................................................................................................................................... 10
5.2.11 Setting Out .................................................................................................................................. 11
5.2.12 Obstructions .............................................................................................................................. 11

Method Statement For Piling


Rev: A Ashtead, The Street
Ref: 150104
Page 2 of 18
1 PREAMBLES
This Specification shall be read in conjunction with all other Contract documents, which include
Drawings and Standard Forms of Tender. Should any queries arise in respect of this Specification,
they shall be referred to the Engineer.

All references to the "Main Contractor" in this specification shall mean the contractor employed by the
client to take overall responsibility for the building works.

All references to the "Architect" in this Specification shall mean Accord who is lead designer employed
by Tesco Stores Ltd under the terms of the Contract.

All references to the "Engineer” in this Specification shall mean Pinnacle Consulting Engineers Limited
who is employed by Tesco Stores Ltd under the terms of the Contract.

Method Statement For Piling


Rev: A Ashtead, The Street
Ref: 150104
Page 3 of 18
2 SCOPE OF THE WORKS
The Piling Contractor will be expected to act as a Sub Contractor to the Main Contractor and will be
responsible for the design, supply, delivery and installation of the piling works as shown on the
Contract drawings in accordance with his requirements and parameters coordinated and agreed with
the Engineer.

2.1 Design

The pile design and construction shall be in accordance with Eurocode 7: Geotechnical Design and
Eurocode 2: Design of Concrete, based on loading information provided by the Engineer (loads on
drawing are limit state, GEO combination), and ground information.

The Piling Contractor shall confirm acceptance of the site investigation as adequate or propose further
investigation as considered necessary.

Method Statement For Piling


Rev: A Ashtead, The Street
Ref: 150104
Page 4 of 18
3 DESCRIPTION OF THE WORKS
The scheme consists of the construction of a new retail store with residential development in
accordance with the Contract documents.

The foundation strategy shall be a piled solution utilising either driven or augured concrete piles with
concrete pile-caps and concrete perimeter ground beams. The ground floor slab shall be suspended,
insitu-cast onto similar concrete piles.

Method Statement For Piling


Rev: A Ashtead, The Street
Ref: 150104
Page 5 of 18
4 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
4.1 Project Specification

Comply with the latest edition of the relevant British Standards and Eurocodes, along with the
requirements of this Method Statement.

4.1.1 Compliance with the Specification

Should the Piling Contractor wish to deviate from the Contract specification in any way, he shall agree
such deviations with the Engineer in writing.

4.2 Additions and Amendments to the Codes

4.2.1 Existing Services

Prior to commencing on site, the Contractor shall make enquiries from all available Local Authorities
and Statutory Authorities, etc, concerning the position and depth of existing service pipes, cables and
other underground constructions which are likely to affect the works. The Piling Contractor shall also
check with the Local Authorities and Boards whether it will be necessary to provide any special
sequences or restrictions of working conditions in connection with these services. Any known will be
advised below but these will not necessarily be a complete analysis.

4.2.2 Site Inspection

The Piling Contractor will be deemed to have visited and inspected the site and all surrounding
structures, etc, prior to starting on site.

He will be deemed to have made himself thoroughly acquainted with all details of the site, surrounding
buildings, structures, roads, services, etc, and other structures, road surfaces, pavings, etc, in the area
that may be affected by the piling operations.

4.2.3 Avoidance of Damage/ Nuisance

The Piling Contractor shall carry out the work in such a manner that no buildings or structures,
including their foundations, cladding, finishes, etc, or road surfaces, pavings, services, etc, in the
vicinity of the piling works, are disturbed or damaged in any way or their occupants unreasonably
disturbed or affected.

4.2.4 Site Investigation

A detailed project specific geotechnical investigation has been carried out and a report issued. This
geotechnical investigation report will be provided as part of the Piling Contract documents.

Any subsoil conditions shown on the geotechnical investigations relate only to the exact locations in
which the boreholes and trial pits were carried out, and may not be totally representative of the site.
Variations in the subsoil, ground water conditions, etc, may vary at other locations on the site.

Method Statement For Piling


Rev: A Ashtead, The Street
Ref: 150104
Page 6 of 18
The Piling Contractor will be deemed to have studied the geotechnical data and /or made due
allowance in his Tender for carrying out the works as necessary in the prevailing site conditions, and
any other variations in the ground conditions that can be expected from geological records, etc.

If the subsoil conditions prove to be different from those shown, or if such conditions are suspected,
the Piling Contractor shall notify the Engineer immediately.

No claims for additional costs arising from varied soil conditions or pile lengths will be allowed for.

4.2.5 Attendances, Etc

All requirements of the Piling Contractor in respect of access, hardstandings, etc, or any attendances,
etc, shall be subject to subsequent agreement with the Main Contractor.

4.2.6 Piling Level

Prior to commencement of piling, the Piling Contractor shall agree the piling level, which may not
necessarily be the level of the site existing at the time of tender.

4.2.7 Noise

The Piling Subcontractor is to allow for and ensure that all measures to control the noise levels
produced by his operations on site required under or by virtue of any enactment or regulations, or by
the working rules of any industry, are strictly complied with.

The Subcontractor shall indemnify the Contractor against any claim or proceeding in respect of noise
made on the Works. Allow for all costs arising from the stoppage or reprogramming of the Works
because of noise.

Specifically the Subcontractor may arrange in respect of all work done under this contract:-

That all compressors used on the site are silenced either by using only fully silenced models,
fitted with effective exhaust silencers and properly lined and sealed acoustic covers, all to the
designs of the manufacturers of the compressors.

That ancillary pneumatic percussive tools and other machinery used on the site are fitted with
silencers of a type recommended by the manufacturers thereof.

That every such compressor, silencer or other contrivance is maintained in good and efficient
working order and shall not have been altered in such a way that the noise caused in
operation is made greater by the alteration.

If any action is taken to restrain the Subcontractor from causing a nuisance by making noise, he is to
be responsible for taking immediate steps to reduce such noise to the absolute minimum.

4.2.8 Vibration

The type of pile and method of installation is to be such that any vibration, shock, etc, caused does not
damage any surrounding structures, services, etc, or cause any legally actionable disturbance.

All methods of working, costs, etc, necessary to avoid any nuisance, damage, etc, from noise, dust
vibration, etc, are deemed to have been included in the tender.

Method Statement For Piling


Rev: A Ashtead, The Street
Ref: 150104
Page 7 of 18
5 PARTICULAR SPECIFICATION
5.1 Materials

5.1.1 Compliance with Standards

In the manufacture of pre-cast reinforced concrete piles, pre-stressed concrete piles and jointed pre-
cast reinforced concrete segmental piles, all materials and components shall comply with BS EN
12794. This applies to manufacture of piles in a factory and on site, either indoors or outdoors.

The following materials shall not be built into the works:

• Additives containing Calcium Chloride


• High alumina cement
• Asbestos
• Biodegradable void formers
• Urea formaldehyde
• Calcium silicate bricks
• Any other materials known to be deleterious at the time of use.

5.1.2 Pile Shoes

Pile shoes shall comply with BS EN 12794.

5.1.3 Pile Head Reinforcement

Pile heads shall comply with BS EN 12794.

5.1.4 Pile Quality

All Material or products which are incorporated into completed structural components shall comply with
the requirements of the component specification. Only products with a CE mark shall be used if a
harmonised standard exists for that constituent product type.

All structural components shall, for this project, be CE marked in accordance with Execution Class
EXC2. All documentation, protocol and checking shall be administered by the Main Contractor and
records kept for the designated number of years.

5.1.5 Marking of Piles

Marking of piles shall comply with BS EN 12794 and cl. 5.1.4 of this Specification.

5.1.6 Ordering of Piles

Piles shall be ordered by the Contractor to meet programme requirements. All piles and production
facilities shall be made available for inspection at any time. Piles shall be examined by the Contractor
and Piling Contractor at the time of delivery and any faulty units rejected and replaced.

5.2 Workmanship

5.2.1 Handling, Transportation and Storage

The methods and sequence of lifting, handling, transportation and storing piles shall be such
as to avoid shock loading and to ensure that piles are not damaged. Only designed lifting
and support points shall be used. During transport and storage, piles shall be supported to
avoid damage.
Method Statement For Piling
Rev: A Ashtead, The Street
Ref: 150104
Page 8 of 18
A pile shall be rejected when the width of any transverse crack exceeds 0.3mm. The measurement
shall be made with the pile in its working position.

5.2.2 Pile Driving

Pile installation and procedures shall be in accordance with BS EN 12699 and the requirements of the
Specification and the Contract Documents.

5.2.3 Strength of Piles

Concrete to piles shall be of grade C35/45 with Sulphate Resisting Cement in accordance with this
method statement, the Specification for Concrete and the Design.

Pile strength at the time of installation shall be in accordance with BS EN 12794.

5.2.4 Pile Installation System

The pile shall be safely supported by the pile installation system.

5.2.5 Performance of Driving Equipment

The pile installation system shall be capable of adjustment to provide an axial, non-eccentric
application of the installation force.

5.2.6 Length of Piles

The length of each pile shall be recorded.

5.2.7 Repair and Lengthening of Piles (Driven Piles)

If it is necessary to repair the head of a pile before it has been driven to its final level, the Contractor
shall carry out such repair in a way which allows the pile-driving to be completed without further
damage. If the driving of a pile has been completed but the level of sound concrete of the pile is below
the required cut-off level, the pile shall be made good to the cut-off level, or the pile cap or
substructure may be locally deepened, so that the completed foundation will safely withstand the
specified working load.

Any provision for lengthening piles incorporated at the time of manufacture shall be designed by the
Contractor to resist all stresses to which it may be subjected.

If no provision for lengthening piles was incorporated at the time of manufacture, any method for
lengthening shall be such that the extended pile including any joints is capable of resisting all stresses
to which it may be subjected.

Where piles are driven to depths exceeding those expected, leaving insufficient projection for
penetration into the following works, the piles shall be extended or replaced so that the completed
piles are capable of meeting the requirements of the Specification.

Repaired or lengthened piles shall not be driven until cubes for the added concrete have reached the
specified characteristic strength of the concrete of the pile (refer to the Specification for Concrete).

5.2.8 Cutting Off Pile Heads

When the pile installation has satisfied the Specification requirements, the concrete of the head of the
pile shall be cut off to the level specified. Reinforcing bars projecting above this level shall be as
specified. Care shall be taken to avoid shattering or otherwise damaging the rest of the pile. Any

Method Statement For Piling


Rev: A Ashtead, The Street
Ref: 150104
Page 9 of 18
cracked or defective concrete shall be cut away and the pile repaired to provide a full and sound
section to be cut-off level.

5.2.9 Testing

The following tests and rates shall be carried out spread equally across the site;

Dynamic load tests: TBA

Static load tests: TBA

Dynamic load testing of piles shall be carried out in accordance with ASTM D4945 Standard Test
Method for High-Strain Dynamic Testing of Piles or other approved non-UK national standards.

Static load testing of piles shall be carried out in accordance with BS EN 22477 Pile Load Test by
Static Axially Loaded Compression.

5.2.10 Records

All records shall be maintained, to include;

Pile ref. number

Pile forming equipment incl. type & reference

Nominal cross sectional dimensions

Length of pile

Date and time of driving, re-driving from start to finish (as applicable)

Details of material samples taken

Ground level at pile position at commencement of driving

Working level on which machine stands

Toe level

Pile head level as constructed

Pile cut-off level

Type, weight, drop & mechanical condition of hammer or other equipment used (as applicable)

Number & type of packing used & type & conditions of dolly used during driving (as applicable)

Set of pile in millimetres per 10 blows or number of blows per 25mm of penetration (as applicable)

Temporary compression of ground & pile (as applicable)

Driving resistance taken at 0.25m intervals (as applicable)

Length & details of and cover to reinforcement

Concrete mix

Method Statement For Piling


Rev: A Ashtead, The Street
Ref: 150104
Page 10 of 18
Length of off-cuts

Length of pile extensions (as applicable)

All information regarding obstructions, delays & other interruptions to the sequence of work, &
unexpected changes in driving characteristics where appropriate

As constructed positional records vertical and horizontal

5.2.11 Setting Out

Prior to commencement of the piling works the Main Contractor shall set out the main grid lines,
provide an agreed datum level, and afford facilities for the Piling Subcontractor to set out individual
pile positions from such grid lines and datums. It shall be the responsibility of the Piling Subcontractor
to set out the position of each pile from the grid lines set out by the Main Contractor.

All piles are to be accurately positioned in accordance with the Engineers' setting out drawings, and
Architect’s site co-ordinates, and within the standard allowable tolerances, location and plumb.

The Main Contractor shall check and agree in writing, as piling proceeds the accuracy of the setting
out of all piles, in relation to the main grid lines.

The Main Contractor shall inform the Engineer of any piles that have been constructed outside the
allowable tolerances, and no subsequent work shall be carried out until further instructions have been
received from the Engineer.

5.2.12 Obstructions

In the event of unnatural obstructions, such as old foundations, walls, basements, etc, below ground
level being encountered during piling operations which render further progress on that pile impractical
by the method employed, the Subcontractor shall immediately inform the Engineer and Main
Contractor.

Method Statement For Piling


Rev: A Ashtead, The Street
Ref: 150104
Page 11 of 18
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