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General Capabilities

in the Australian Curriculum:


Health and Physical Education
The general capabilities play a
significant role in the Australian
Curriculum in equipping
young Australians to live
and work successfully in
the twenty-first century.
In the Australian
Curriculum, capability
encompasses knowledge,
skills, behaviours and
dispositions. Students
develop capability when
they apply knowledge and
skills confidently, effectively
and appropriately in
complex and changing
circumstances, in their
learning at school and in
their lives outside school.
The Australian Curriculum includes seven
general capabilities, as shown in the figure.

In the Australian Curriculum: Health learning via the content elaborations,


and Physical Education, general which are provided to give teachers
capabilities are identified where they ideas about how they might teach the
are developed or applied in the content content. Icons are used to indicate
descriptions. They are also identified where general capabilities have been
where they offer opportunities to identified in learning area content
add depth and richness to student descriptions and elaborations.

www.australiancurriculum.edu.au
Literacy Numeracy
The Australian Curriculum: Health and The Australian Curriculum: Health and
Physical Education assists in the development Physical Education provides students with
of literacy by introducing specific terminology opportunities to use calculation, estimation
used in health and physical activity contexts. and measurement to collect and make
Students understand the language used sense of information related to, for example,
to communicate and connect respectfully nutrition, fitness, navigation in the outdoors
with other people, describe their own health or various skill performances. Students use
status, as well as products, information spatial reasoning in movement activities and
and services. They also develop skills that in developing concepts and strategies for
empower them to be critical consumers able individual and team sports or recreational
to access, interpret, analyse, challenge and pursuits. Students interpret and analyse
evaluate the ever-expanding and changing health and physical activity information using
knowledge base and influences in the statistical reasoning, identifying patterns
fields of health and physical education. In and relationships in data to consider trends,
physical activity settings, as consumers, draw conclusions, make predictions and
performers and spectators, students inform health behaviour and practices.
develop an understanding of the language
of movement and movement sciences.
This is essential in analysing their own and
others’ movement and levels of fitness.
Ethical
Students also learn to comprehend and understanding
compose texts related to the Australian
Curriculum: Health and Physical Education. The Australian Curriculum: Health and
This includes learning to communicate Physical Education focuses on the importance
effectively for a variety of purposes to of treating others with respect, integrity,
different audiences, express their own fairness and compassion, and valuing
ideas and opinions, evaluate the viewpoints diversity and equality for all. Students examine
of others, ask for help and express their ethical principles and codes of practice
emotions appropriately in a range of appropriate to different contexts, such as
social and physical activity contexts. at school, at home, in the community, in
relationships, on the sporting field, in the
natural environment and when using digital
technologies such as social media. As
students explore concepts and consequences
of fair play, equitable participation, empathy
and respect in relationships, they develop
skills to make ethical decisions and
understand the consequences of their
actions. They also develop the capacity
to apply these skills in everyday situations
and movement-based contexts.

www.australiancurriculum.edu.au
Information and Critical and
Communication Creative Thinking
Technology (ICT) In the Australian Curriculum: Health and
Capability Physical Education, students develop
their ability to think logically, critically and
creatively in response to a range of health
The Australian Curriculum: Health and and physical education issues, ideas and
Physical Education enhances ICT learning challenges. They learn how to critically evaluate
by helping students to effectively and safely evidence related to the learning area and
access online health and physical activity the broad range of associated media and
information and services to manage their other messages to creatively generate and
own health and wellbeing. Students further explore original alternatives and possibilities.
develop their understanding of the role ICT In the HPE curriculum, students’ critical and
plays in the lives and relationships of children creative thinking skills are developed through
and young people. They explore the nature learning experiences that encourage them to
of ICT and the implications for establishing pose questions and seek solutions to health
and managing relationships in the twenty-first issues by exploring and designing appropriate
century. Students develop an understanding strategies to promote and advocate personal,
of ethical online behaviour, including protocols social and community health and wellbeing.
and practices for using ICT for respectful Students also use critical thinking to examine
communication. Students use ICT as key their own beliefs and challenge societal
tools for communicating, collaborating, factors that negatively influence their own
creating content, seeking help, accessing and others’ identity, health and wellbeing.
information and analysing performance
in the health and physical education field. The Australian Curriculum: Health and
Students become confident and critical Physical Education also provides learning
consumers of a multitude of wellbeing apps opportunities that support creative thinking
that can assist them to seek help, relax, through dance making, games creation and
be mindful, report bullying, and so on. technique refinement. Students develop
understanding of the processes associated
They use a range of ICT to analyse, with creating movement and reflect on their
measure and enhance movement body’s responses and their feelings about these
performances and to access and critically movement experiences. Including a critical
evaluate health information, products and inquiry approach is one of the five propositions
services. They also use ICT to develop that have shaped the HPE curriculum.
personalised plans for nutrition, physical
activity participation and wellbeing.

www.australiancurriculum.edu.au
Personal and Intercultural
Social Capability understanding
In the Australian Curriculum: Health The Australian Curriculum: Health and
and Physical Education, students work Physical Education focuses on the importance
independently and collaboratively in of treating others with respect, integrity,
movement- and non–movement-based fairness and compassion, and valuing
activities to develop personal and social skills diversity and equality for all. Students examine
as well as an awareness and appreciation ethical principles and codes of practice
appropriate to different contexts, such as
of their own and others’ strengths and
at school, at home, in the community, in
abilities. Taking a strengths-based approach
relationships, on the sporting field, in the
is one of five propositions that have shaped
natural environment and when using digital
the entire health and physical education technologies such as social media. As
curriculum. Students develop a range of students explore concepts and consequences
interpersonal skills such as communication, of fair play, equitable participation, empathy
negotiation, teamwork and leadership, and and respect in relationships, they develop
an appreciation of diverse perspectives. skills to make ethical decisions and
The Australian Curriculum: Health and Physical understand the consequences of their
Education provides explicit opportunities actions. They also develop the capacity
to apply these skills in everyday situations
for students to explore their own identities
and movement-based contexts.
and develop an understanding of factors
that influence and shape who they are. They
learn how to recognise, understand, validate
and respond appropriately to their own and
others’ emotions, strengths and values.
In the Australian Curriculum: Health and
Physical Education, students are provided
with explicit opportunities to learn, practise,
gain feedback about and refine their personal
and social skills. Students develop the
knowledge, understanding and skills to set
and monitor personal and academic goals,
effectively manage their time, and prioritise
tasks and responsibilities to balance their
school, home, work and social commitments.

www.australiancurriculum.edu.au