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Rut Ervianna Kurnia Sari, Kardoyo, Partono Thomas / Journal of Economic Education

6 (2) (2017) 82 - 89

JED 6 (2) (2017) 82 - 89

The Journal of Educational


Development

http://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/jeec

The Factors Restricting Economic Papuan Students Learning


Difficulties Grantee LPMAK

Rut Ervianna Kurnia Sari 1, Kardoyo 2, Partono Thomas 2

1.
High School Santo Michael Semarang, Indonesia.
2.
Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia.

Article Info Abstract


________________ ___________________________________________________________________
Article History: Research objectives to find out and analyze the factors that hinder
Received 15 February student's learning difficulties Papua grantee LPMAK on economic
2017 subjects. This research is descriptive research approach to mix
Accepted 3 April method. The subject in this study is the whole student scholarship
2017 recipients Papua LPMAK totaled 52 students. Data collection is
Published 30 done with the now, interview and documentation. Data analysis
November 2017 was done with the analysis of factors and descriptive data
________________ analysis. Data collection is done with the now, interview and
Keywords: documentation. Data analysis was done with the analysis of
restricting factors, factors and descriptive data analysis. The results showed there is
learning difficulties,
students papua a dominant factor that inhibits student learning difficulties Papua
____________________ grantee LPMAK in Semarang City: Factors of mass media and the
social environment, the use of mass media overload causing
trouble Learning (learning difficulty) students. The head of Papua's
Dormitory (teachers) will need to limit the activity of the child his
protégé in the use of mass media and association with students of
Papua and the media in the dorm.

© 2017 Universitas Negeri Semarang

p-ISSN 2301-7341

Correspondence: e-ISSN 2502-4485

Rut Ervianna KS, SMA Santo Michael Semarang,


Jl. Karangrejo Selatan VI/8 Jatingaleh Semarang,
Indonesia, 50262
E-mail: rutervianna23@gmail.com

168
INTRODUCTION

Education holds a very important academic. LPMAK programs focused on


role in the advancement of civilization is community empowerment based on
a race. Through education, human will religious values and culture in the fields
grow and develop competitiveness of of education, health, economic populist,
developing intellectual property carried and other appropriate sectors. In
since birth. Without education then achieving these objectives, cooperation
humans are difficult to interact with through partnerships with Governments,
modern range as current. In Act No. indigenous institutions, religious
Sisdiknas of 20 years 2003 article 1 institutions, PT Freeport Indonesia (PTFI),
stated that, 'education is a planned and and other agencies into the important
conscious effort to bring about an part. (www.lpmak.org).
atmosphere of learning and the learning
process so that learners are actively Table 1. Data results of Deuteronomy
developing the potential for her to have Economic subjects Daily at a private
a the power of spiritual keagaamaan, High School in Semarang city
self-control, personality, intelligence, Sisw Siswa
attitudes, and skills required as well as Total a tidak Persenta
Name
the noble himself, the community, the Papua tunta tunta se (%)
of
nation and the country, in pasal 3 stude s s ketuntas
School
Sisdiknas in Act No. 20 of the year 2003 nt belaj belaj an
also explained that, 'the national ar ar
education serves to develop the ability SMA
to form character and the civilization of Santo 30 2 28 3,85
a nation bermartarbat in the framework Michael
of the intellectual life of the nation, aims SMA
to the development of the potential Sint 15 4 11 7,69
learners in order to become a man of Louis
SMAPL.
faith and pious to God Almighty,
Don 5 2 3 3,85
precious, healthy, have learned,
Bosco
accomplished, creative, independent,
SMA
and become citizens of a democratic and
Kristen 2 1 1 1,92
responsible
YSKI
Background this LPMAK scholarship Total
program based on the large number of 52 11 43 17,31
student
educational areas need assistance either
moral or material. Through the Program, Based on the data in table 1.1 may
student of LPMAK Papua have be seen that the percentage of
willingness and ability and can develop ketuntasan student scholarship
themselves and have a chance to attend recipients LPMAK Papua on economic
school in an area Outside of Papua in subjects reaching only 17.31% meaning
particular the city of Semarang. The of 82.69% Papua students hadn't on
Foundation is working with LPMAK economic subjects. From the above data
Binterbusih Semarang. LPMAK can be indicated by that most students
scholarship held specifically for the at private schools are experiencing
formation of character, morals and learning difficulties on economic
personality as well as cultivate subjects. Ketidaktuntasan due: Students
have difficulty learning economy, other things: 1) Showed a low learning
particularly achievements or below the average
Self-study is a process that is done achieved by the group class, 2) results
as an attempt to obtain a change in achieved disproportionate to the work
overall behavior, as a result of his own done. He seeks out loud still value
experience in interaction with its always low, 3) is slow in doing the tasks
environment (Slameto, 2010). The of learning It always left with-his friend
nature of learning is a change in in everything, for example, in performing
behavior, then there are a few specific its duties. 4) Shows attitudes improper,
changes dimaksukkan into the traits such as: apathy, oppose, pretend, lies
studied. According to Slameto (2015) the and so on, 5) shows the behavior
characteristics studied: 1) changes occur berkelainan. For example: irritable,
consciously, 2) changes in the nature of Moody, Crabby, confused, frowning, less
learning is continuous and functional, 3) happily, always sad. The factors that
changes in learning has a positive and inhibit the keulitan learning is the
active, 4) changes in learning is not a internal Factors (factor in man's own)
temporary Change, 5) in learning aims which includes the factors of Physiology,
or directional6) change covers all for example because of illness, disability,
aspects of behavior. Each student's psychological factors, such as
learning activities is not always running intelligence, talent, interest, attention,
smoothly. There are students who can motivation, mental health. External
quickly understand the material but factors (factors from outside the man's
there are students who are very hard, own) i.e. the school environment,
sometimes passion for learning but including teacher quality, teacher
sometimes lazy follow lessons. Students relations less with the students, the
cannot learn properly referred to with teachers are demanding a standard
the learning difficulties Dalyono (2009). lesson over the ability of the children,
While (Sugiharsono, et .,al., 2007) the teacher does not have the
says that learning difficulties are a proficiency in the diagnosis teaching
symptom that appears on students who methods, learning difficulties teachers
are characterized by the presence of the pose learning difficulties of students,
low learning achievement or below the tools, building conditions, and lack of
norm. Where as according to the discipline. Family environment include
learning difficulties (Mulyadi,2010) is a how to educate children, parents '
condition in the process of learning, relationships with their children,
characterized by the existence of certain example or guidance from parents, the
obstacles to achieve learning objectives. atmosphere of the household, the
The above opinion of some authors family's economic situation, the cultural
conclude that learning difficulties are a background. Environment of the
condition of students cannot achieve community, include: Mass Media, school
learning objectives due to interference environment like friends hanging out
or obstacles. and neighbors, and environmental
According to Dalyono (2015) activities in the community.
learning difficulties manifested in his Economic subjects include
behavior, both aspects of psychomotor, behavioral economics and welfare with
cognitive, and affective. Some of the regard to the economic problems that
behaviors that are the manifestation of occur in the environment closest to life
symptoms of learning difficulties, among environment occur, covering aspects of
the economy, dependence, Specialists up with Binterbusih. Then the
and Division work, Perkoperasian, researchers determine the sample of
entrepreneurship, accounting and Papua students from the
management. Each subject has a Department of Social Science and
distinctive characteristics, as is the case Natural Science Majors for students who
with Economic subjects. The subjects of take economics as subjects of cross-
economy departs from the facts or real interest subjects.
economic symptoms. The fact shows Variables that will be revealed in
that human needs are not limited to, this research are factors of Papua
whereas economic resources as a means students learning difficulties in studying
of meeting the needs of a limited economic subjects. These variables can
amount. Economic science is able to still break down into sub variables,
describe the symptoms, because namely: physical health and physical (X
economics is built from the real world. 1), intelligence (X 2), talent (X 3),
Economic subjects developed theories to interest (X 4), attention (X 5), motivation
explain the facts rationally. So that man (X 6), mental health (X 7), (8), tool (X9),
is able to read and explain the economic the condition of the building (X 10),
symptoms systematically, then curriculum (x 11), School time and
disusunlah the concept and the building discipline less time (X 12), parents
of the economic theory of economics. (X13), the atmosphere of the
Economics is the objective and has house/dormitory Papua (X14), the
clear goals. Generally, the analysis used family's economic circumstances (X 15),
in economics is the problem solving of Mass Media (X 16), friend to hang out
economic subjects is one of the subjects (X17), the neighboring Environment (X
in the thicket of social science is closely 18), activity in the Community (X19).
related to human life. These subjects on The technique of data collection is the
the curriculum of 2013 could no longer way used by the researchers to collect
obtainable only by Department IIS data. Data collection techniques in the
(social studies) but the other majors study include the question form,
such as the IIA (natural sciences). documentation, interviews.
Economic subjects, there is a lot of Data processing in this research
material that must be mastered by was conducted with the help of software
students, resulting in economic studies, through factor analysis microsoft excel
students experience the 2010 for windows and SPSS 20.0. The
barriers/interference with learning analysis used in this study is the
difficulties. analysis of the factor model. Factor
Analysis is a common name to indicate a
METHODS class of procedures, primarily used to
reduce the data or summarise the many
This research is descriptive variables of converted into 4 or 5 new
research that uses quantitative and variable (Supranto, 2004). Factor
qualitative approaches, mix methods. analysis is used to reveal the factors
The population in this research is the that influence the learning difficulties of
entire Papua students scholarship economic subjects in the Papuan
recipient LPMAK. Members of the sample students scholarship recipient LPMAK.
in this study are 52 student scholarship Consisting of an analysis of the Keiser-
recipients LPMAK Foundation is teaming Mayer-Olkin (KMO), Anti Image Matrix,
the Communalities, Total Variance
Explained, Rotated Component Matrix, value is less than 0.5 then it should
Extraction of factors. be removed. The results of the
Physical health of communalities
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 0.599; Intelligentsia 0.81; Talent
0.58; 0.749 interest; Attention
Based on testing using the 0.516; 0.706 motivation; Mental
auxiliary program SPSS version 20 can Health 0.851; Teacher 0.623; 0.702
be outlined as follows: tool; Building condition 0.588; 0.748
1. Index numbers i.e. KMO used to test curriculum; School time 0.694;
the accuracy of the analysis of the Parents 0.891; The atmosphere of
factors, indicates that the value of the House/Dormitory Papua 0.711;
KMO 0.605 the figure shows more State of the economy Keluarga0,861;
than 0.5 then it can be said to be an Mass media 0.825; Friends hang out
exact analysis results are used. 0.845; Neighboring 0.781
2. Anti Image Matrix is used to view the environment; Activity in the
item factors which deserves to be community 0.874.
analyzed factors. The steps if the 4. Total Variance Explained, used to find
value of the MSA > 0.3, then the out the number of factors that are
feasibility factor item analysis formed. Total Variance Explained the
factors. Physical and physical health value-for-money > eigenvalue 1 as 6
have a value of 0.506 MSA; MSA = factors. Factor 1 was able to explain
0.543 value intelligentsia; MSA = 23.845% variations, 2 factors
0.793 value talent; MSA = 0.597 capable of explaining 15.247%
value interest; MSA = 0.421 value variation, a factor of 3 was able to
attention; Motivational value of MSA explain 12.015% variation, a factor
= 0.69; Mental health values MSA = of 4 is able to explain 8.481%
0.655; Teachers value the MSA = variation, factor 5 was able to
0.438; MSA = 0.743 value tools; The explain 7.163% variation, a factor of
condition of the building value MSA 6 is capable of explaining 6.196%
= 0.395; MSA = 0.464 value variation or sixth overall factors
curriculum; Time value School MSA = capable of explaining 72.947%. The
0,659; Parents MSA 0.466 = value; eigenvalue > number 1 IE there are
The atmosphere of the 6 factors so that the process of
House/Dormitory Papua MSA value = factoring was supposed to stop at
0.331; The economic value of Family the 6 factors alone.
circumstances MSA = 0.456; The 5. the Rotated Component Matrix
media value of MSA = 0.702; Friends shows the distribution of the
hanging out the value of the MSA = variables that have been extracted
0.645; The neighboring environment into the factors which have been
value MSA = 0.805, activity in the formed based on the loading factors.
Masyarakatnilai MSA = 0.698. All Result Rotated Component Matrix
variables are qualified > 0.30 means can be seen on the 6 factors that
valid. determine learning difficulties on
3. the Communalities. From the results economic subjects.
of the analysis can be seen about Based on the test results data
Communalities, terms of through analysis of factors on phase 1 of
Communalities are must have value the 19 factors produce the six factors
extraction more than 0.50 when the that were formed, namely: 1) the mass
media and environmental factors in the is known that the average percentage of
social indicators of the mass media, Psychology factor in inhibiting the Papua
friends hang out, neighboring students in learning the economics of
environment, activity in the the 56.25%.
community value of 4.531 eigenvalue. Environmental factors with the
Factor in the Mass Media and the social highest eigenvalue 2.283 School
environment in this research, the mass comprising an indicator of teachers,
media shows less support for students curriculum, time school, Environmental
criteria Papua grantee LPMAK, meaning factors the school based on the results
students facilitated Papua party of data analysis, curriculum has a charge
Foundation as a means to learn precisely factor of 92.50%. It can be said that the
used for things outside of the lessons. curriculum big shows its influence on
Internet media, television, social media students ' learning difficulties restricting
at a time when it is becoming Papua grantee LPMAK on economic
increasingly attractive. Student subjects. The curriculum is a set of plans
scholarship recipients LPMAK Papua and arrangements concerning the
became often use mass media such as objectives, content, and materials as
the internet or television than of well as ways that are used as guidelines
learning, so that students feel more for learning activities to achieve specific
Papua interested in using internet than educational goals (Subini 2011). Based
learning, based the research Kardoyo on the results of the instrument, the
(2017) Through the task posting on curriculum shows less support criteria,
Facebook, the student can express their students consider economic material
opinion. Students can also find provided by teachers is still too difficult.
important information about the course. After a researcher doing the
Facebook usage can also be extended observations on the school where
with the use of a chat feature, group, students learn, not New Guinea
send files (documents, images, and l economic material that's difficult but as
inks), l ive video, and the l ike and accompaniment of teachers that can not
comment on posts. Thus the wall of the be intense to Papua New Guinea
Facebook account of students and students, students are still weak in
faculty will feature learning activity terms of counting so that material easy
Psychological Factors) with will be difficult for students. Some
eigenvalue 2.897 value consists of an teachers carry out the acceleration of
indicator of intelligence, talent, interest, learning for the student to achieve
attention, motivation and mental health, mastery of curriculum targets without
Psychological Factors, psychological considering the protégé against the
Factors in this study had a great learning materials. This results in
contribution to its effect, especially in students having difficulty in
Papua students learning difficulties understanding the Papua material
hindering grantee LPMAK on economic economy provided by the teacher.
subjects of 15.247%. Psychological Judging from the results of the
factors have variable 6-forming among instrument, school time shows in favor
other intelligence, talent, interest, of less criteria, students of New Guinea
attention, motivation and mental health. stated that the economic lessons votes
Based on the results of the descriptive less appropriately. Hours of instruction
analysis, psychology factors on Papua are less precisely will cause difficulties in
students entered in the criteria is low, it his studies. Difficulties caused due to
tough students to concentrate and think the child will experience difficulties in his
on a weak body condition. Timing the studies. Based on the results of data
right school will provide a positive analysis, the atmosphere of the House
influence to the development of the or dormitory of Papua has a charge
student's learning capabilities of Papua factor of 82%. It can be said that the
Physiology Factors with the highest atmosphere of your home or dorm Papua
eigenvalue 1.611 consists of health tarrif papua students learning difficulties
indicators. Availability factor of a factor on economic subjects. The atmosphere
of availability of School fasilias school of the House is a situation or event that
facilities, based on the results of data often occurs within families, where the
analysis, the tool has a charge factor of children are and learn (Slameto 2015). In
89%. It can be said that big tool shows this research as seen from the results of
its influence on learning difficulties of the instrument or the family home
students of New Guinea on economic atmosphere in the criteria does not
subjects. Tools lesson has a close support. Papuan students feel that the
relationship with the students how to atmosphere uncontrolled, particularly
learn, because the lesson tools used by bed dormitory dormitory son AMOR,
teachers at the time of teaching used by rowdy and often not conducive so that
the students to receive the material less can provide peace for papua
being taught (Slameto 2010). A students who truly want to learn. This
complete lesson and tools appropriately disrupts the learning process while in the
will facilitate the acceptance of materials dorm, making students feel difficulties in
given to students. If students receive his studies of Papua and the resulting
lessons and easy to master, then in achievements become low. Conversely,
learning will become more vigorous and if the mood of the House or dorm fun,
more advanced. A less complete lesson full of warmth among the students of
tools make presentation of lessons papua with the teachers or fellow
learned less well, this would give rise to students in one dormitory Papua will
difficulties in the learning of students. then give different nuance to learn.
From the results of research, the tool Children will feel comfortable and be
shows in the criteria is less supportive, happy living in a dorm, so it would be
teacher of Papua students stated that advantageous for the child's learning
rare instruments (ruler, markers, progress and raise children in the spirit
erasers, LCD, Laptop etc.). of learning.
Availability factor of school Factors Family environment with
facilities with a value of eigenvalue the highest eigenvalue 1.177 consists of
1.361 with indicators of the factors indicators of parents, home
consisting of forming tools, the condition atmosphere/boarding students, the
of the building. Family Environment State of the economy.
Factors Of elderly instruments, the Physiological factors of
results showed on the criteria were less physiological Conditions in General
supportive. Papuan students felt coupled with study skills students,
teachers ' dormitories less support in particularly students of Papua are mainly
guiding in his studies in the dorm. This is on physical health. Physical factors
in line with the opinion of the Dalyono include health factors (ability of
(2015) States the parents (teachers ' remembering, sensing capabilities, such
dormitory) is too busy with pekerjaaanya as seeing, hearing and feeling) and
and son scant guidance, this will cause disability (Subini, 2011). Five senses on
condition a person has an important role indicator of teachers, curriculum, school
to person's learning process. If someone time of 51.40%; d) Factors of Physiology
is having problems on the panca of with eigenvalue 1.611 value consisting
sensory learning, then the process will of the health indicators of 56.25%; e)
be hampered, and had difficulty in Availability factor of school facilities with
learning.In this research as seen from a value of eigenvalue 1.361 with
the results of the physical health of indicators of the factors consisting of
theinstrument indicates the low criteria, forming tools, the condition of the
students of New Guinea stated that building amounting to 55%; f) Family
often the relapsing malaria brought from Environment Factors with the highest
the region of origin of Papua and often eigenvalue 1.177 consists of indicators
do not attend school at the time of the of parents, home atmosphere/student
subjects given to the teacher, it is dormitory, State of the economy of
becoming a factor of learning difficulties 57.61%.
due to absorption of students not used From the results of the analysis of
to its full potential. Slameto (2010) the dominant factors which inhibit the
suggests that healthy means in good learning difficulties of students Papua
condition all the agency along with its grantee LPMAK on subjects of Economics
parts or free of the disease. Keesehatan is a factor of the mass media and the
someone can influence on their learning social environment. The mass media
process. One's learning process will be shows less support for students criteria
interrupted if a person's health is Papua grantee LPMAK, meaning students
compromised. In this research, physical facilitated Papua party Foundation as a
health shows low criteria, students are means to learn precisely used to things
often still feel troubled Papua's health outside of the lessons. Internet media,
that is impaired in the five senses, so television, social media at a time when it
that students have difficulty in learning is becoming increasingly attractive.
when the five senses do not work Student scholarship recipients LPMAK
properly. How to teach teachers with Papua became often use mass media
voice slowly making students experience such as the internet or television than of
difficulties in receiving lessons. learning, so that students feel more
Papua interested in using internet than
CONCLUSION learning.

The results of the analysis of the REFERENCES


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