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32,000

30,000

28,000
Payload mass [kg]

26,000

24,000

22,000

20,000

18,000

16,000

14,000

12,000

10,000

8,000

6,000

4,000

2,000

0
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LEO excess delta-v capability [m/s]
This calculation of Falcon 9 Heavy payload performance is a 1st order estimate

Delta-v [m/s] 0 2500 gradient [kg / m/s] -5.84


Payload [kg] 29,610 15,010

LEO excess delta-v [m/s] Payload [kg]


0 29,610
500 26690
1000 23770
1500 20850
2000 17930
2500 15010
3000 12090
3500 9170
4000 6250
Total spacecraft m ass (E DL + cruise) [kg]

8000

7500

7000

6500

6000

5500

5000

4500

4000

3500

3000

2500

2000

1500

1000

500

0
850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 1550 1600 1650 1700 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000
Surface payload mass [kg]
Mars Science Laboratory specs
Mass [kg]
Payload (rover) 850
Descent stage (dry) 829
Descent propellant 390
Heat shield (forebody) 382
Backshell 349
Cruise stage (wet) 600

Total 3400

Scale-up of MSL system

Mars surface payload [kg] Descent stage (dry) Descent propellant Heat shield (forebody)
850 829 390 382
900 878 413 404
950 927 436 427
1000 975 459 449
1050 1024 482 472
1100 1073 505 494
1150 1122 528 517
1200 1170 551 539
1250 1219 574 562
1300 1268 596 584
1350 1317 619 607
1400 1365 642 629
1450 1414 665 652
1500 1463 688 674
1550 1512 711 697
1600 1560 734 719
1650 1609 757 742
1700 1658 780 764
1750 1707 803 786
1800 1756 826 809
1850 1804 849 831
1900 1853 872 854
1950 1902 895 876
2000 1951 918 899
Backshell Cruise stage (wet) Total mass [kg]
349 600 3400
370 600 3565
390 600 3729
411 600 3894
431 600 4059
452 600 4224
472 600 4388
493 600 4553
513 600 4718
534 600 4882
554 600 5047
575 600 5212
595 600 5376
616 600 5541
636 600 5706
657 600 5871
677 600 6035
698 600 6200
719 600 6365
739 600 6529
760 600 6694
780 600 6859
801 600 7024
821 600 7188