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John Wick

John Wick, later known as John Wick: Chapter 1,[4] is a 2014 American neo-
John Wick
noir action thriller film directed by Chad Stahelski and David Leitch. It stars
Keanu Reeves, Michael Nyqvist, Alfie Allen, Adrianne Palicki, Bridget
Moynahan, Dean Winters, Ian McShane, John Leguizamo and Willem Dafoe.
The first installment in the John Wick film series, the story focuses on John
Wick (Reeves), a retired hitman seeking vengeance for the theft of his vintage
car and the killing of his puppy, a gift from his recently deceased wife.[5]
Stahelski and Leitch directed the film together, though only Stahelski was

The film was written by Derek Kolstad, who completed the screenplay in 2012
and further developed it for Thunder Road Pictures.[7] The film was produced
by Basil Iwanyk of Thunder Road Pictures, Leitch, Eva Longoria, and Michael
Witherill. It marks Stahelski and Leitch's directorial debut as a team after
multiple separate credits as second unit directors and stunt coordinators. They
previously worked with Reeves as stunt doubles onThe Matrix trilogy.[8]

Stahelski and Leitch's approach to action scenes drew upon their admiration for
anime[9] and martial arts films,[10] and the film's use of fight choreographers[11]
Theatrical release poster
and gun fu techniques[12] from Hong Kong action cinema[13] was additionally
influential in the development of the film. The film also pays homage to works Directed by Chad Stahelski
such as John Woo's The Killer, Jean-Pierre Melville's Le Cercle Rouge and Le David Leitch
Samouraï,[14] John Boorman's Point Blank, and the spaghetti western subgenre
of Western films.[15] The film was met with positive reviews, with critics Produced by Basil Iwanyk
calling it one of Reeves' best performances, as well as one of the best action David Leitch
films of 2014, and grossed $89 million worldwide against a production budget Eva Longoria
of $30 million. A sequel, John Wick: Chapter 2, was released in February 2017, Michael Witherill
and a third film is currently in development with a targeted release in May
Written by Derek Kolstad
Starring Keanu Reeves
Michael Nyqvist
Alfie Allen
Contents Adrianne Palicki
Bridget Moynahan
Dean Winters
Ian McShane
Production John Leguizamo
Willem Dafoe
Cinematography Music by Tyler Bates
Design Joel J. Richard
Costume design
Production design
Cinematography Jonathan Sela
Sound design Edited by Elísabet Ronalds
Visual effects Production Thunder Road
Music companies Pictures
Influences 87Eleven
Marketing Productions
Release MJW Films
Pre-release screenings DefyNite Films
Theatrical run
Distributed by Summit
Box office Entertainment
Reception Release date September 19, 2014
Video game (Fantastic Fest)
Sequels October 24, 2014
TV series (United States)
See also
Running time 101 minutes[1]
Country United States
External links
Language English
Budget $29.7 million[2]
Plot Box office $88.8 million[3]

After John Wick loses his beloved wife Helen to a terminal illness, he receives a beagle puppy named Daisy, per Helen's instructions,
to help him cope with her death. He connects with the puppy and they spend their day driving around in his vintage 1969 Ford
Mustang Mach 1. At a gas station, he encounters a trio of Russian gangsters whose leader
, Iosef Tarasov, insists on buying his car, but
John refuses to sell it. The mobsters follow John to his home that night, knock him unconscious, steal his car
, and kill Daisy.

Iosef takes the Mustang to a chop shop run by Aurelio to have the VIN changed. Aurelio recognizes the car and, upon learning that
Iosef stole it from John, punches him before throwing him out of his shop. John visits Aurelio, who tells him Iosef is the son ofiggo
Tarasov, the head of the Russian crime syndicate in New York City. Viggo, informed by Aurelio of Iosef's actions, beats and berates
Iosef, explaining to him that John Wick was his best assassin, nicknamed "Baba Yaga." When John wanted to retire and marry Helen,
Viggo gave him an "impossible task", implied to nvolve
i multiple assassinations. John succeeded, establishing the arasov
T syndicate.

Viggo tries to talk John out of seeking retribution, but John silently refuses. Viggo then sends a twelve-man hit squad to John's house,
but John kills them all and has the bodies professionally removed. An unsurprised Viggo places a $2 million bounty on John's head
and personally offers the contract to Marcus, John's mentor. John seeks refuge at the Continental Hotel, which caters exclusively to
the criminal underworld and permits no "business" on its premises. Viggo doubles the bounty for those willing to break the rules to
kill John at the Continental.

John learns from Winston, the Continental's owner, that Viggo has Iosef protected at his nightclub, the Red Circle. John enters the
Red Circle and kills his way to Iosef, but Viggo's henchman Kirill waylays John, allowing Iosef to escape. John retreats to the
Continental to mend his injuries. Ms. Perkins, an assassin and former acquaintance, sneaks into John's room to kill him, but Marcus
alerts John, allowing him to subdue Perkins. He forces Perkins to reveal the location of Viggo's front, knocks her unconscious and
leaves her with fellow assassin Harry to await punishment. However
, Perkins frees herself and killsHarry.

John travels to the Little Russia church which serves as Viggo's front and destroys Viggo's cache of money and blackmail material.
When Viggo and his team arrive, John ambushes them, but he is subdued and captured. Viggo taunts John for thinking he could leave
his old life behind. Before John can be killed, Marcus intervenes again, allowing John to free himself, kill Kirill, and accost Viggo.
Under John's gunpoint, Viggo reveals Iosef's location to him. John then travels to Iosef's "safe house" and kills him.

Perkins sees that John and Marcus have been in contact and tells Viggo, who has Marcus beaten for information before executing him
in his home. Viggo calls John to report this, planning to have Perkins ambush him. Perkins, however, is called to a meeting with
Winston, who has her executed for breaking the Continental's rules.
Winston calls John to inform him that Viggo is planning to escape by helicopter, and John races to the harbor, killing Viggo's
remaining henchmen before engaging Viggo in a fistfight on the dock. Viggo pulls a knife and John allows himself to be stabbed,
surprising Viggo. John then disarms and fatally wounds Viggo. Wounded himself, John stops at a waterfront animal clinic to treat his
wound and takes with him a pit bull puppy which was scheduled to be euthanized. John and the dog walk home on the boardwalk
where he had his last date with Helen.

Keanu Reeves as John Wick

An ex-hitman who returns to the criminal underworld following the death of his wife and a
run-in with a Russian Crime Syndicate.[5][16][17] On accepting the role of Wick, Reeves
explained, "Basil and Peter Lawson of Thunder Road brought the script to me with the idea
that I would be a part of such a great collaboration. We all agreed on the potential of the
project. I love the role, but you want the whole story, the whole ensemble to come to
life."[18][19] On the character of John Wick, Reeves stated, "When we first see him, he’s a
guy grieving for his lost wife. But it turns out he has lived lives in two worlds: one in which
he’s a happily married man and one in which he’s an assassin. He has tried to bury his past,
but without his wife, he is lost." Reeves also compared Wick's story to "[…] a kind of Old
Testament revenge story" adding that, "When someone takes the things he cherishes,
violence erupts and John can’t temper it."[17][20] In the original script, the character of John
Wick was written with "a man in his mid-sixties" to play the role, given the title character’s
fabled reputation, ergo, the filmmakers had initially imagined an older actor. However, head
of Thunder Road Pictures Basil Iwanyk decided against this, stating, "Instead, we decided to
look for someone who is not literally older, but who has a seasoned history in the film
world."[17][21] Both Stahelski and Leitch were adamant that Reeves wouldn't learn any
martial arts which he'd learnt before; for the role, Reeves spent four months learning Judo,
jujutsu, and Brazilian jiu-jitsu from "some of the toughest guys" both Stahelski and Leitch
have encountered, which included their "LA SWAT and Navy SEAL friends".[22][23][24][25]
Stahelski spoke of developing a new style of close-quarter combat for Reeves to utilise
practical grappling martial art forms combined with guns.[26] The name John Wick is a name
Kolstad had used as a reference to his grandfather, the founder of Wick Building Systems.
Wick stated, "I was tickled by Derek using my name for a movie, and the hit man character
was frosting on the cake."[27] The character was written with Paul Newman in mind.[28]
Reeves was paid a reported $1–2 million salary for his role.[29]

Michael Nyqvist as Viggo Tarasov

The head of the Tarasov family and an enterprising businessman with questionable
roots.[17][30] On taking the role of Viggo, Nyqvist mentioned, "I found the relationship
between John and Viggo to be interesting. Viggo has always liked John because he was
brilliant at his job. They have the kind of love and respect you might see between a father
and son, but it breaks down when John comes for Iosef."[18] Stahelski stated that the role of
Viggo had been decided after a great many meetings due to the importance and complexity
of the character, and that Nyqvist brought both odd and interesting qualities to the
character,[19] also adding that "[Nyqvist's] quirkiness is a good match for Keanu’s stoicism."
The filmmakers were most determined to attempt bypassing the stereotypical Russian
mobster characterization.[19] Iwanyk stated that Viggo needed to be played by someone who
would be "believable as this ultra-bad guy, but was still very, very charming." adding that, "
[Nyqvist] brought the character a kind of humanity." For the role of Viggo, Nyqvist was given
a style of fighting based on the Russian martial art of Sambo to which he started training in
Stockholm, Sweden at the request of Stahelski and Leitch, as he stated, "I did this Russian
style of jiu-jitsu called Sambo a lot. I did Brazilian jiu-jitsu and boxing a lot. […] to get closer
to the character. […] the guys I worked with, back home in Stockholm, were Russians, so [I]
got closer to them. It was a little bit like [method acting]."[26][31] Of Viggo's background,
Kolstad revealed, "A street brawler raised in the slums of Kiev, Viggo has worked his way up
the underworld food chain. Now, he is in the process of transitioning to respectability."[19]
Director Stahelski stated of Nyqvist, "[Michael], he is not your stereotypical Russian bad guy.
He is a quirky guy, how he gives his reads." David Leitch stated, "We had great
performances and input from Michael Nyqvist who played it straight and he was excellent.
He was a quirky villain. And we took time with the script and found those humorous
moments and made sure we paced them correctly with the ultra-violence."[32]

Alfie Allen as Iosef Tarasov

The arrogant, self-entitled and foolish son of Viggo.[17][33] Allen found it "invigorating" to play
a Russian villain and shoot outside of Game of Thrones's Belfast set,[34] and on accepting
the role of Iosef, he was attracted by the idea of speaking with a different accent, i.e. the
New York accent, as well as citing both Stahelski and Leitch's involvement as an incentive
for drawing him to the piece.[35] While in New York City, Allen visited Russian public baths to
develop and hone the Russian accent which he developed for the film.[35] And speaking in
terms of inspiration drawn on for Iosef, Allen stated, "I guess, I found the relationship
between [my character] and his father, and there was a back story about the mother that I
found quite interesting." He also added that he faced challenges involving learning the
Russian language, remarking: "learning the Russian was pretty tough".[35] On the character
of Iosef, Kolstad described him as, "a dinner-theater version of his father. Iosef is a rich kid
who imagines himself a tough guy; but without his father’s muscle, he’s a punk. In his mind,
he has the scars of battle. But the reality is he's one spoiled kid."[19] Kolstad also spoke of
Allen's admiration for his to-be colleagues, which charmed the writer, stating as follows,
"When we had the first cast-and-crew dinner, I was talking with Alfie and suddenly he just
froze. He just said, 'Oh my God! It's Willem Dafoe.' He's a great actor, but he's also a fan like
everybody else."[19] Allen spoke of his fellow actor Reeves with both respect and praise,
stating, "He's amazing. He's such a great guy. He's a very giving, generous actor as well and
just kind of relaxes you on set. If you're nervous, he just kind of chills you out. You know I
didn't know that he was a director before I started this. He's made a documentary about
encouraging people to make films. I think that's fantastic."[36] Asked on what he hopes the
audience takes away from the film, Allen said, "It's kind of a crazy love story in there
somewhere. It’s not like any other love story I've seen. I think the theme […], is that, all men
can change. And who is the bad guy in it, really?"[35]

Adrianne Palicki as Ms. Perkins

A distinguished female contract killer in the underworld of assassins, and a former

acquaintance of John.[17][37] About the character of Ms. Perkins, Palicki said, "Ms. Perkins is
what you think the quintessential assassin would be. She’s cold, heartless, conniving,
badass and I think that she has fun with what she does. She enjoys it. I think that she’d
clearly do it for a dollar. Ultimately in the film she’s doing it for four million, so it's a little
different."[38] Originally the character of Perkins was envisioned as a man, but the decision
was reversed during a brainstorming session and the desire to create "an authentic female
action character." Leitch stated, "You believe this woman could come in and give John Wick
a run for his money," so Stahelski, Leitch and Iwanyk changed it and offered the role to
Palicki.[19] Palicki spoke most highly of working with Reeves and the inclusion of stunt work
on her part, to which she stated, "Chad wanted to make sure I would be willing to do my own
stuff in the huge fight sequence that I have with Keanu—and I was all game." Palicki spent
months of training learning Judo and Jujutsu.[39] After the film's release Palicki revealed
background information, "I also think we talked about a backstory. It's likely [Ms. Perkins and
Wick] had a history as well, before his marriage. She may have a personal vendetta as well
as the money. I think there's an enjoyment on multiple levels."[38] On what she hopes for with
regard to the fan response, "It's a lot of fun. They're going to want to see what happens next.
Most importantly, I hope they’re rooting for John Wick the way that I did when I read the
Bridget Moynahan as Helen Wick

The beautiful wife of John Wick.[17] On the character of Helen, Leitch stated, "Helen’s the
crux of the movie, so to have an actress like Bridget come on board in such an important
role was gratifying. She’s got an elegance that is captivating." Leitch spoke very highly of
Bridget's acting talents. When cast in the role of John's wife, she decided not to read the
screenplay, believing that the limited amount of information would serve the story well.
Moynahan stated, "There was a large portion of the story that I didn’t want to be informed
about. I didn’t want or need to know that side of John. Helen brought love and light and joy
into his life. Knowing the other side of it would make it a different story for me."[18][19] Iwanyk
shared Moynahan's sentiments, adding, "Helen probably thought John had some skeletons
in his closet, but it wasn't important. All we know as an audience is that the moment he met
her, he became a different person. Love changed him."[17]

Dean Winters as Avi

Viggo's right hand, the second in command, who has been Viggo's lawyer for many
years.[17] On the role of Avi, Stahelski stated, "As the part was written, he was just Viggo’s
lawyer. But then Dean came in and made it funny and edgy. The scenes between him and
Michael Nyqvist are some of my favorites." Winters spoke most highly of his colleagues on
set, stating, "I got to work with Willem Dafoe and Keanu Reeves. We’ve got John
Leguizamo, Michael Nyqvist and Bridget Moynahan. I mean, it's a really good cast and I got
a front-row seat."[18][19] Additionally Winters praised Stahelski and Leitch's usage of practical
sets of reality to action sequences sans the involvement of green screen and special effects,
adding, "Their stunt and action experience paid off." Winters also stated, "It was like a front
row seat to watching just incredible, incredible filmmaking," adding, "This was just straight up
in your face, not computerized, old-school stunts. I really felt like I was in the front row of like
a master class."[41]

Ian McShane as Winston

The enigmatic owner of the Continental Hotel.[17][42] About the character of Winston,
McShane said, "Winston is mysterious and enigmatic." He took the role due to his curiosity
on the possibilities of the character, as well as his fondness for modern noir films.[19] Writer
Kolstad stated, "[Winston] doesn’t say a lot, but when he does, the earth moves. If John and
Viggo are the gods of New York, Winston is the titan." On the film itself, McShane added,
"The writing, the acting and the visuals all have a mythical quality. And every character has
an important part to play in a puzzle that comes together gradually."[17]

John Leguizamo as Aurelio

The proud business owner of Aurelio's Garage, a high-end chop shop.[17][43] About the
character Aurelio, Leguizamo stated, "When a Russian mobster’s son shows up with John
Wick’s car, I know there's going to be trouble. I'm going to have a problem either with the
Russian mobster or with John Wick, but I’m not going to win either way."[19] Leguizamo
believed that the costume design of the character created a big boost, and had a great
impression on the actor, with him stating, "Mine is pretty slick, and that adds a lot of
character. I’m walking through the set and all of a sudden I start feeling a little cocky, like I’m
somebody. It all helps."[17]

Willem Dafoe as Marcus

A member of the old guard of assassins who is battle hardened, reliable and amongst the
elite.[17][44] About the character of Marcus, Dafoe said, "Marcus is an assassin on a very
high level. It's clear that he and [John] have a history and he's something of a mentor to him.
They’re friends, but it's a friendship that was made in a very dark world."[19] Of Marcus's
psychology he also added that, "He seems pragmatic; he seems fatalistic, which you would
have to be in that line of work. " Writer Kolstad stated, "Marcus is a father figure. But he’s a
father in the sense that he’s the king of the pride. When a new lion takes over a pride, he
slaughters all the cubs. Marcus is that guy." On taking the role, Dafoe was very impressed
with the "leanness" of Kolstad's original screenplay, to which he stated, "The story is
expressed mostly in action. That seemed to work well with Chad and David’s history." He
also praised the "enthusiasm, freshness and eagerness" displayed by both Stahelski and
Leitch within the filmmaking process.[17] Dafoe too added that the screenplay and overall
project caters to his "particularity that makes them feel special" and the character-driven
nature within the setting of New York City wasn't "something that I have really experienced"
and additionally the chance of working with Reeves.[45] On the style of directors Stahelski
and Leitch, Dafoe stated that their "style is reminiscent of John Woo's signature gun fu
combat. The action is a real nice mix of martial arts and gunplay – you have the grace of
martial arts, but then the bang of the gun."[46] as well adding, "The choreography isn't the
same old, same old, or built around set pieces or a gag. It's really integrated into the story.
[Stahelski and Leitch], they aren't just stunt people, they're filmmakers."[47]

The cast also includes David Patrick Kelly as a "cleaner" named Charlie, Randall Duk Kim as a doctor with a select clientele, Lance
Reddick as Charon, a concierge at The Continental Hotel who always seems to know what the client needs, Munro M. Bonnell as a
Russian Orthodox priest who protects the vault where Viggo stores his valuables,[48] Omer Barnea as Gregori and Toby Leonard
Moore as Victor, Iosef's friends and bodyguards,[48] Daniel Bernhardt as Kirill, Viggo's henchman;[49] Bridget Regan as Addy,[48]
Keith Jardine as Kuzma,[49] Tait Fletcher as Nicholai,[49] Thomas Sadoski as Jimmy,[49] Clarke Peters as Harry,[48] Kevin Nash as a
bouncer named Francis at the Red Circle nightclub,[50][51] Gameela Wright as a delivery woman,[49][52] Vladislav Koulikov as
Pavel,[49][52] Pat Squire as an elderly woman,[49][52] Vladimir Troitsky as a team leader,[49][52] and Scott Tixier (uncredited) as a


The premise for John Wick was conceived by screenwriter Derek Kolstad who
"Making a movie is actually fairly easy.
began work on a treatment about a retired contract killer coming out to seek
Making a good one is much harder. It was
vengeance, entitled Scorn.[55] After one month of work, he had completed the a huge learning experience and I'm very
first draft of the screenplay and once he had addressed several issues he proud of it. We stretched our schedule to
pitched the script to various clients, garnering at least three offers.[56] When the absolute limits. We fought for what we
believed in, and chose to make a story-
he first started thinking about writing the script, Kolstad was influenced by
driven, character-driven action movie.
film-noir classics and the themes of revenge and the antihero and the That's why I chose to do it. This was an
occurrences of what may play out if "The worst man in existence found opportunity to do something that wasn't
salvation […] When the source of his salvation is ripped from him […] Do the just about cars, explosions, fire and fights.
Yes, John fights; yes, he shoots guns; and
gates of Hades open?"[17][57] For Kolstad, both Alistair MacLean and Stephen
he drives a car very fast, but the focus was
King were influences in the creating of the story of John Wick in terms of always trying to do something
characterisation and world-building, stating, "[…] MacLean could build a cinematically different."
world, and King could surprise you by what the main character truly was — Chad Stahelski, on the experience of
capable of."[28] directing John Wick[17]

On December 3, 2012, it was announced that Thunder Road Pictures had

bought the script with discretionary funds, with Kolstad agreeing due to
Thunder Road's plan to make the film straight away.[7][56][58] When Basil Iwanyk, head of Thunder Road Pictures, had first read
Kolstad's original screenplay, he was immediately drawn to the main character of Wick, stating, "The tone of the script was
subversive and really fun."[19] He also admired the emotional weight and action theme of the piece. After Thunder Road had
optioned the script, Kolstad spent additional months refurbishing the script with them. In the original script, the character of John
Wick was written with "a man in his mid-sixties" to play the role, given the title character’s fabled reputation as a revered and
respected assassin.[19] However, Iwanyk was of the belief that this was irrelevant and bent the original vision ever so slightly, stating,
, but who has a seasoned historyin the film world."[59]
"Instead, we decided to look for someone who is not literally older

On May 7, 2013, it was announced that Keanu Reeves began negotiations to star in the piece in April, and was later confirmed as the
film's male lead, after Iwanyk and Peter Lawson of Thunder Road showed him the script,[17] to which he thought to be full of
potential and further stated, "I love the role, but you want the whole story, the whole ensemble to come to life."[60] Reeves and
Kolstad had worked closely together on further developing the screenplay and the story,[56][61] with the screenwriter stating, "We
spent as much time developing the other characters as we did his. [Keanu] recognizes that the strength of the storyline lies in even the
smallest details."[62] The title of the film was later changed fromScorn to John Wick, as according to Kolstad, "Keanu liked the name
so much, that Reeves kept telling everyone that he was making a film called 'John Wick'", and the producers agreed, changing the

During story discussions for John Wick, Reeves contacted Chad Stahelski and David Leitch, who he originally met on the set of The
Matrix,[63] to see if they were interested in choreographing or directing the action of the piece.[15][64] Reeves admired Stahelski and
Leitch's work performing, choreographing and coordinating, stating that, "When I got the script... I immediately thought of Chad and
Dave for the action design, but I was secretly hoping they'd want to direct it."[64] he then added, "I knew that they would love the
genre and I knew that they would love John W
ick. And I thought the worlds that get created – the eal
r world and then this underworld
– would be attractive to them, and it was."[15][64] After reading Kolstad's script, Stahelski and Leitch, told Reeves they wanted to tell
the story of John Wick, as they both had a desire to get involved with a project as directors. Impressed with Reeves' enthusiasm and
the quality of the script, Stahelski and Leitch, told him that they wished to direct the film and later presented him with their version of
the story which was based on "[…] the idea of [Wick] as an urban legend, a thriller assassin movie with a realistic vibe and an
otherworldly setting."[17] Impressed with their concept, Reeves supported the pair, and Stahelski and Leitch pitched the idea to the
studio, who hired them to direct, contrary to their initial request of directing the film's second unit.[15] On 7 May 2013, it was
announced that Stahelski and Leitch were to direct the film together as a team,[65][66] though it was later ruled by the Directors Guild
[6] Leitch was credited as a producer.[67]
of America that only Stahelski would be given the director credit.

Stahelski acknowledged the challenges in balancing the action with that of both the pace and tone,[46] stating "we're good at doing
that for a particular scene when doing action, but here, we had to take a through-line for the entire film." He acknowledged also that
action itself should be a collaborative entity with the story, as opposed to being a thing of its own: "If you're clever with the story and
clever with the action, they can fuse together."[68] "We don’t see any real separation that the story stops, and then we just wow you
with action. If it all fits and weaves together and helps you love the character
, that's what we want to do. … Demand more out of your
action, as an audience."[45][68]

It was remarked by Kolstad, once Reeves, Stahelski and Leitch were officially on board, that during the period of January 2013 to
September 2013,[69] he was still working on the final drafts of the screenplay and the modifying of it, to which he described in the
s vision in check."[69][70]
general sense a rather "relentless process" further stating, "[…] it needs to be in order to get everyone’

On September 12, 2013, Willem Dafoe was confirmed to have been cast in the role of Marcus "[…] a close friend of Wick. He was
the one who encouraged Wick to leave the life after his wife dies."[71][72] On 19 September 2013, Michael Nyqvist, Alfie Allen,
Adrianne Palicki and Dean Winters were later confirmed to be a part of the film's supporting cast.[73][74] On 14 October 2013,
Bridget Moynahan had joined the cast of Stahelski and Leitch's film in the role of John Wick's wife from whom "the beagle puppy,
Daisy, was a posthumous gift to John."[75][76][77] On 15 October 2013, Jason Isaacs had joined the cast, portraying David.[78][79][80]
On 27 November 2013, Daniel Bernhardt was confirmed to have joined the cast of Stahelski and Leitch's John Wick, playing Kirill,
"a formal Russian military commander who is Viggo's henchman."[81] Stahelski and Leitch are hoping for more opportunities behind
the camera,[82] with Stahelski himself stating, "Our focus has always been to be filmmakers first and department heads second" and
"Now we're following our passion and our dream".

Principal photography was confirmed to have begun in New York City, with an expected late 2014 release, with an original shooting
schedule meant to have occurred from 25 September to 5 December.[85][86] On 14 October 2013, shooting began in Mill Neck, New
York,[87] with the filming process scheduled to continue in and around New oYrk City and greater New York area.[76][88]

On August 26, 2013, Lionsgate announced that they were looking for "a high-end glass house with a water view" that was located in
Nassau County where the 'Intruders' sequence was ultimately filmed. Both interiors and exteriors of the house were used.
Additionally with a scene or two being shot in Long Island.[89] On October 6, 2013, filming occurred next door to the Flatiron
School, on 11 Broadway.[90] Filming moved to Brooklyn on October 24, with filming occurring on 6th Avenue between Union and
Carroll Street, President Street between 6th and 7th Avenues and Carroll Street between 6th and 7th Avenues.[91] Additionally
filming later occurred at the St. Francis Xavier Church on 6th Avenue.[92][93] On October 28, 2013, a scene was shot CITGO gas
station, 501 N. Highland Ave in Upper Nyack, whilst also shooting footage atRoute 9W and Christian Herald Road.[94][95]

On November 1, 2013, filming took place in lower Manhattan at 1 Wall Street Court, was used for the exterior of The Continental
hotel. On November 12, 2013, some scenes were shot on 25 Broadway,[96] and in downtown Manhattan on Beaver Street by Broad
Street.[97] Filming also took place at W 43rd Street and 8th Avenue, on November 13, in Manhattan,[98] and club scenes for John
Wick have been filmed on W 27 Street, with November 15 being the last night schedule at the location.[99] On November 21, 2013, it
was announced that a bath house scene was scheduled to be filmed on November 24, December 4 and December 5.[100] Other
shooting locations includedTribeca, on November 20, which a chase scene was filmed on Church Street.[101] It was also reported, on
November 27, that filming had been set up on E 83rd and 3rd Street on theUpper East Side.[102][103]

On December 2, 2013, a three-week Upper East Side shoot was scheduled until December 22, with Keanu Reeves and Willem Dafoe
filming several scenes.[104] Filming continued to shoot in Tribeca from December 3 to December 5, with the notification placed on
Church and Franklin.[105] After the Tribeca shoot, the crew moved to Long Island on December 6 to film a funeral scene.[106]
Additional filming was reported on December 13 for Chambers Street, Worth Street and Lafayette Street.[107] On December 19,
Reeves was filming in theWilliamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn.[108]

Principal photography was confirmed to have ended on December 20, 2013,[109] with post-production beginning on January 10,

According to directors commentary, their first cut of the movie was 2 hours and 20 minutes long. They didn't reveal much about
approximately 39 minutes of footage that was cut out of the movie but they did mention that the ending fight between John and
Viggo was longer but was cut down after they both acknowledged that Viggo shouldn’t really pose a big physical threat to Wick.
Also, David Leitch said how "There’s a ton of great shots on the cutting room floor that’s just Keanu walking in cool

The film was shot digitally with Arri Alexa XT in a distributed aspect ratio of
"Having the ALEXA XT with in-camera
2.39:1.[113] Cinematographer Jonathan Sela himself chose to work with Arri
ARRIRAW is like going to back to an
Alexa XT cameras due to discussions regarding the look of the film John ARRICAM or an ARRIFLEX 435, which
Wick, thus he pushed for a mix of ARRICAM and ALEXA which allowed, in is amazing."
turn, the blend of film and digital.[112] "Everybody loved the idea but when — Cinematographer Jonathan Sela, on the
you run the numbers of having two packages and also the cost of film, it gets usage of ALEXA XT onJohn Wick[112]
too expensive, so we decided to work entirely with the ALEXA. It's the
camera I've used on commercials so I knew I was comfortable with the
ALEXA and I knew I liked it."[112] Sela spoke of the idea that Stahelski, Leitch and himself wished to achieve a visual contrast
between John Wick's normal life and the other of which he's drawn back into the underworld of assassins. "We wanted the first look
to be soft and clean, and the second to be grittier, darker and sharper. For cost reasons we were shooting with just the one camera
format, so I used different lenses and contrasting camerawork to create these two distinct looks." He describes the first section of the
film as being far more static by stating that, "the camera never stops moving".[114] For John Wick he had decided on using both
anamorphic and spherical lenses, to which he combined a set of Hawk V-Lite Vintage '74 anamorphics with that of Cooke S4
sphericals. The initial plan was to use the anamorphic and spherical lenses in the first and second parts, respectively, to create the
visual contrast, however, he decided against such a course of action, as he stated, "[…] once we were shooting we felt that the
camerawork was enough to separate those two worlds and we ended up using the anamorphics mainly for day work and the
sphericals for night work."[112] Sela praised Hawk's Vintage '74 as "beautiful", however, highlighting that they flare considerably
which would have become overbearing during night-time shooting. Equally, Sela added, "In daylight they gave us a hazy look and
reduced the contrast, which helped make the day scenes seem much more cinematic to me."

According to Sela, on-board ARRIRAW recording with the ALEXA XT cameras made a considerable difference with camerawork,
stating, "Having the ALEXA XT with in-camera ARRIRAW is like going to back to an ARRICAM or an ARRIFLEX 435, which is
amazing." There was a considerable amount of handheld camera work on the second section of John Wick and usage of the ALEXA
M allowed filming "to squeeze through the window or into restricted spaces" to occur, especially for the car scenes.[112] Sela was
recording ARRIRAW and used the whole sensor area of ALEXA's 4:3 for the anamorphic scenes, which allowed for the
maximisation of the image quality for a 4K cinema release. Of such a decision the following was stated, "Shooting in ARRIRAW and
having that extra sensor area helps most when you need to manipulate the image; you'll notice it when you have to adjust the color or
contrast in a scene because you simply have more information to work with."


Costume design
Costume designer Luca Mosca explained that Wick had to possess a piece of attire that had to be worn throughout almost the entire
production of the film, to which he then added, "Then we had to tailor it perfectly and make it sleek and timeless enough to fit into
this perfect world." Due to the nature of the world Stahelski and Leitch created, Luca had to create a statement for every character
based on their costume.[18] Reeves remarked praise for the costume designer, to which he highlighted Luca's ability to give the pieces
of clothing meaning, if only subtle; "All the different shades of black that Luca used gave it a lot of overtones. It's funeral and it's
priestly. It's also very chic, but it doesn't call attention to itself. When I put on the suit, it definitely affects me."[43] Initially the idea
was to place the villains of the piece in combat gear
, but later they decided against that due to the principle that they have to be placed
in suits, with Leitch quoting Luca, "It is about men in suits."

Production design
John Wick features not two worlds, but instead "two of everything", stated production designer Dan Leigh on the contrast of the
worlds, speaking in jest.[18] Leigh added, "I approached the story as more of a fable, which ties into the graphic-novel idea. The
visual manifestation of that is something that transcends reality. The light is a little bit different. There’s texture in the air. There are
unexpected objects everywhere."[116]

Sound design
James Bolt and Martyn Zub were there-recording mixers. Mark Stoeckinger was the supervising sound editor.[117]

Production sound mixer Danny Michael had used Sound Devices' 788T-SSD Digital Recorder[118] and CL-WiFi[118] as sound
devices, additionally with a Lectrosonics VRT-Venue System, Lectrosonics radio mics, Schoeps CMC-6U and CMIT-5U
microphones, a Cooper Sound 208 mixer, Blackmagic dual seven-inch monitors and a Denecke Dcode GR-1 as the main time clock
for John Wick.[118] Due to John Wick being an action-oriented piece, it required a lot of sound effects, as well as "file-based

For Michael, the 788T-SSD's ability to swap removable storage was an advantage, due to him simply supplying his CompactFlash to
the post-production company Light Iron, in order for them to process the raw unedited footage on the set.[119] Michael stated, "I was
basically handing over my sound every time a camera roll changed, to a person who was literally five feet away from me" adding
that,[120] "They then took my material and synced it with what was coming off the cameras, on the spot. We would rotate CF cards
throughout the course of the day."[120]
Visual effects
Jake Braver was the overall Visual Effects Supervisor and visual effects company Spin VFX worked on most of the visual effects on
John Wick.[121]

The musical score to John Wick was composed by Tyler Bates and Joel J. Richard, with on-screen violin music performed by Scott
Tixier.[122] The film also features a few pieces of additional music such as Marilyn Manson's "Killing Strangers" and T-Bo and
Bengie B's "Get Money". The original soundtrack album, John Wick: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, was released digitally on
October 21 and received a physical format release on October 27 by Varese Sarabande Records.[123] In addition to Bates and
Richard's score, the album features music by artists such as Ciscandra Nostalghia, The Candy Shop Boys, and M86 & Susie Q. Le
Castle Vania also provided additional music for the score.[122][124]

Director Chad Stahelski said influences on John Wick included The Good, the Bad and the Ugly (1966), Point Blank (1967), Le
Cercle Rouge (1970), and The Killer (1989).[125]

Stahelski said about The Good, the Bad and the Ugly, "Look at Clint Eastwood in [the film] – there is so much back-story unsaid
there. We're big fans of leaving it to your imagination. We just give you some gold coins, and then it's, "Where do the gold coins
come from?" We'll get to that. Have your imagination do some work there."[25] He also said Point Blank (1967) influenced John
Wick: "One of the biggest inspirations for the film was Point Blank. We watched it on a loop in our office and there are a couple
homages to that [in John Wick]."[126] Park Chan-wook's The Vengeance Trilogy (2002–2005) and Lee Jeong-beom's The Man from
Nowhere (2010) influenced the film due to "[their] minimalist composition and graphic nature."

For screenwriter Derek Kolstad, both Alistair MacLean and Stephen King were huge influences in the creation of the story of John
Wick in terms of characterisation and world-building, stating, with himself stating, "MacLean could build a world, and King could
surprise you by what the main character truly was capable of."[128] Outside of films, Stahelski and Leitch drew inspiration from the
visual stylings of the '60s and '70s as well as cinematic influences, including Sergio Leone, Akira Kurosawa, Steve McQueen, Lee
Marvin, William Friedkin and Sam Peckinpah.[25] With Stahelski himself stating, "All the way back to Kurosawa up to Ser
gio Leone.
We like the spaghetti western sensibility there, some of the composition." Albeit inspiration and emulation from the noir film genre,
Stahelski too added that, "Noir maybe was sort of less impactful for us than the other sort of westerns and Kurosawa and things like
that. I think we wanted to make this hard-boiled character

The official website for John Wick debuted on August 15, 2014 introducing a marketing campaign and interactive layout to promote
the film. The website streamed an audio file as well as containing interactive games such as "The Red Club Club" and "Revenge
Ride".[130] Lionsgate also provided information on the cast and crew as well as a gallery and video section.[131] The first images
debuted on August 21, 2014 featuring Reeves' as Wick.[132] With the release Liongate confirmed the film being set for a "sudden
release" on October 24, 2014.[133] On September 10, 2014, the teaser poster was released as well as the confirmation date of the
expected teaser trailer.[134] The teaser trailer for John Wick debuted September 12, 2014.[135] The theatrical release poster and the
final theatrical trailer were both released on September 30, 2014, by both Stahelski and Leitch on an 'Ask me anything' Reddit

Lionsgate had provided Collider.com and Moviepilot, on October 2, 2014, with a prize pack to give away to various readers, which
included Assassin's Creed Unity, a Fandango gift card for $25, a Lionsgate DVD 3-pack with Dredd, Gamer, and Rambo, and a John
Wick poster and T-shirt.[137][138] On October 6, 2014, the official website for John Wick had been updated to include three trailers,
photographs with John's story as well as individual cast photos and mini-biographies.[139] The IMAX TV spot trailer for John Wick
debuted October 6, 2014, featuring new footage of the film.[140] Carl F. Bucherer was the official partner of the John Wick premiere
in New York City on October 13, 2014. Keanu Reeves sported a Manero AutoDate with a light dial, Willem Dafoe wore a Manero
AutoDate in classic black, and Daniel Bernhardt with a Patravi ChronoGrade.[141] An IMAX Featurette was released on October 22,
2014 featuring clips relating to the film, accompanied by statements by Reeves, Stahelski, and Leitch.

On October 16, 2014,John Wick was featured on the week’s issue of Entertainment Weekly.[143]

As part of a cross-promotion deal with Overkill Software, Lionsgate and Thunder Road Pictures, on October 21, 2014, John Wick
was added as a playable character in the online game Payday 2, and other elements from the film, including Wick's signature
weapons, and skill tree that allowed for dual-wielding of certain firearms.[144] Additionally, Fandango offered people who purchase
tickets online at select theaters a free download of Payday 2 through Steam.[145] Variety described Liongate's deal as a "pretty
imaginative marketing move".[146] Danielle DePalma, Lionsgate's EVP of Digital Marketing, stated, "We're big fans of Payday 2 and
f our partnership with such a cool movie"[147] and Bo Andersson Klint, Starbreeze
the team at Starbreeze, and we're thrilled to kick of
CEO, stated, "We've finally got a real hitman on our team. Being able to play as John Wick in Payday 2 ahead of the movie's release
is a great reward for our loyalPayday 2 community."[147]

John Wick premiered at the Regal Union Square Theatre, Stadium 14 on October 13,
2014 in New York City,[148] after screening at the Austin Fantastic Fest on
September 19,[149][150] where it opened the official sidebar section, Special Gala
Screening, to an astounding reception,[151] and the ArcLight Hollywood in Los
Angeles on October 22, 2014.[152] John Wick had its television premiere on USA
(Channel) on March 12, 2017.

Pre-release screenings
Prior to John Wick's public release, an advance screening of the film was shown on
October 9, 2014 at Regal Oakwood in Hollywood, Florida.[153] A screening was
shown in advance at the UA Court Street in Brooklyn, New York on October
14.[154] Glendale Designs sponsored a private screening on October 16, 2014 at
Harkins Arrowhead in Peoria, Arizona.[155] BackstageOL and Lionsgate hosted an
advance screening on October 21, 2014 at Edwards Greenway Grand Palace
Stadium in Houston, Texas and at the Santikos Embassy 14 in San Antonio, Texas.
Additionally, Lionsgate had announced 40 additional advanced screening's at
The ArcLight Hollywood in
selected theatres in the United States from October 21 to October 22., as part of a
Hollywood, California hosted the
film's Los Angeles premiere national campaign to promote John Wick.[156] Entertainment One Films held
advance screenings in Toronto, Ottawa, Halifax, Calgary, Edmonton, Victoria and
Vancouver between October 20 and October 23.[157]

Theatrical run
John Wick began a wide theatrical release in the United States on October 24, 2014,[158] expanding in successive weeks to France,
Australia and Netherlands,[159][160] ahead of a bow in the United Kingdom on February 2, 2015 after expanding throughout

On May 22, 2013, Liongate had sold more than $250 million in territorial rights to nine titles at the Cannes Film Festival, including
John Wick.[163] Studio Canal will distribute the piece throughout Germany,[164] Metropolitan Filmexport acquired the French
distribution rights to John Wick from Lionsgate,[165] Acme Film acquired the distribution rights throughout the Baltic region,[166]
Monolith Films acquired the film rights in Poland, Imagem had acquired the Latin American distribution rights,[164] Orange Sky
Golden Harvest obtained the film rights in Taiwan and Hong Kong,[162] and Media Pro acquired the rights in the regions of Czech,
Romania, Hungary, and Bulgaria.[162] Entertainment One Films picked up the Canadian distribution rights.[167] On 10 June 2014,
Belga Films had acquired the rights to distribute the film within the Benelux region.[168] On 2 July 2014, MK2 Pictures were
confirmed to have acquired the Italian distribution rights to John Wick.[164][169] On 8 May 2014, the Huayi Brothers picked up the
Chinese distribution rights to John Wick, being one of only four films in the United States that were picked up, with a planned 2015
limited theatrical release.[170] On 11 August 2014, Lions Gate Entertainment acquired from Thunder Road Pictures the distribution
rights to John Wick in the United States, with a planned 2014 limited theatrical release,[171][172][173] and in October, Summit
Entertainment, a Lionsgate company, distributed the film in the United States[174] On 31 October 2014, it was announced thatWarner
Bros. Pictures would be distributing the film within the United Kingdom.[175][176] It was later announced that the release date in the
United Kingdom was moved back from the first weekend of 2015 to 10 April 2015.

On October 2, 2014, Summit Entertainment announced that John Wick would be released in IMAX.[178] Phil Groves, Senior Vice
President of IMAX Corp and Executive Vice President of Global Distribution, IMAX Entertainment, stated, "John Wick is a fun
action romp, complete with a tremendously entertaining performance by Keanu Reeves that is perfect for IMAX fans."[179] further
adding, "There's no better place for audiences to experience the film's stylized storytelling than in IMAX theatres."

Box office
John Wick earned $14.4 million from 2,589 locations on its opening weekend,[181] compared to the $7–8 million opening most
analysts projected the film would make.[182] By the end of its theatrical run, John Wick grossed $45.7 million in North America and
$43 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $88.8 million, against a production budget of $20 million.

[184] The film earned $5.45 million on

The film had a wide release in the United States and Canada in selected theatres on October 24.
its opening day,[185] including $875,000 from Thursday night previews,[186] which was the second highest opening of that weekend,
at an average of $5,465 per theater.[187] The film grossed $2.5 million from 347 IMAX locations that weekend, which represented
17.7 percent of the film's overall gross for its opening weekend.[188] The audience was 60% male and 77% were older than

Outside North America, the film took $1.4 million during its international opening weekend.[190] The film's highest-grossing debuts
were in France, Australia, Thailand, Mexico, and the United Arab Emirates.[190] On its second week, it added $6.7 million from 33
territories.[191] The film went number one in France ($1.2 million) from 300 screens, number three in Australia ($961,000) from 177
screens, and number ten in theMiddle East ($1 million) from a total of 80 screens.[191]

John Wick received generally positive reviews. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes the film has an approval rating of
86% based on 195 reviews, with anaverage rating of 6.9/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Stylish, thrilling, and giddily kinetic,
John Wick serves as a satisfying return to action for Keanu Reeves – and what looks like it could be the first of a franchise."[192]
Metacritic, another review aggregator, assigned the film a weighted average score of 68 out of 100, based on 39 critics, indicating
"generally favorable reviews".[193] CinemaScore reported that audiences gave the film a "B" grade, on an A+ to F scale.

Peter Travers of Rolling Stone praised the piece by stating, "John Wick is the kind of fired-up, ferocious B-movie fun some of us can't
get enough of" and praising the "juicy performances" from Dafoe, Leguizamo, and McShane.[196] Richard Corliss of Time magazine
wrote, "Action movies are about movement, and John Wick pursues that goal with remorseless verve."[197] Ignatiy Vishnevetsky of
The A.V. Club gave the film an "B+" rating, stating, "An underworld fantasy that grafts crisp action on to Rian Johnson-esque world-
building, producing one of the more fully realized shoot-'em-up flicks in recent memory." He continued by praising the script of
Kolstad, citing that it "distinguishes itself by carefully defining the boundaries of its universe".[198] Chris Nashawaty of
Entertainment Weekly gave the film an "A-" rating and called Kolstad's screenplay, "a marvelously rich and stylish feat of pulpy

Justin Lowe of The Hollywood Reporter granted the film praise, "After a marked absence from the genre, Reeves resoundingly
returns with an effortless, kinetic style that positions the film extremely well for any potential follow-ups."[200] Peter Debruge of
Variety spoke highly of the film, "Back in action-hero mode, Keanu Reeves joins forces with his
Matrix stunt double to deliver a slick
and satisfying revenge thriller" and described "what a thrill well-choreographed action can be when we're actually able to make out
what's happening".[201] Stephanie Zacharek of The Village Voice said that, "Reeves is wonderful here, a marvel of physicality and
stern determination – he moves with the grace of an old-school swashbuckler."[202] Bilge Ebiri of Vulture commented, "It's a
beautiful coffee-table action movie."[203]

Jeannette Catsoulis wrote, in her review for The New York Times, "Harboring few ambitions beyond knock-your-socks-off action
sequences, this crafty revenge thriller delivers with so much style – and even some wit – that the lack of substance takes longer than
it should to become problematic." Catsoulis praised Dafoe and Leguizamo as "bringing real subtlety to an all-too-brief scene" and
Nyqvist as "marvellous", as well as Stahelski's direction and Sela's cinematography.[204] Forrest Wickman of Slate noted, "John Wick
offers a slow burn, sizzling in a manner true to its hero’s surname."[205] Jordan Hoffman of The Guardian scored the film four out of
five stars, writing, "A slick, propulsive and ridiculous crime picture that strides like an automatic machine gun."

However, Peter Bradshaw, also reviewing for The Guardian, gave the film 2 out of 5 stars and stated "... Reeves's semi-deliberate
zonked deadpan style only really works in juxtaposition with funny dialogue – and this is a pretty humourless and violent film, which
grinds on and on with more and more gleaming black SUVs getting trashed."[207] Ealasaid Haas of San Jose Mercury News
described John Wick as a "disappointingly standard revenge movie."[208] John Semley of The Globe and Mail called the title "the
new name in crummy action cinema," giving it one-half out of 4 stars.

Video game
On August 7, 2015, Lionsgate and Starbreeze Studios announced a partnership to develop a first-person shooter virtual reality game
based on the film for the HTC Vive/Steam VR. Development was to be headed by Grab Games, with Starbreeze set to publish.
WEVR was to develop an introductory experience for the game. The game was released on February 9, 2017, with the name John
Wick Chronicles.[210] and have a standalone narrative based on the Continental Hotel.[211][212] Additionally, John Wick content – a
free Character Pack and a chargeable Weapons Pack – was released for the Payday 2 games on October 20, 2016, as cross-
promotion.[213][214] Epic Games' Fortnite has also released a skin called "The Reaper" which was modeled after Keanu Reeves'
character. This skin can be earned by completing the Season 3 Purchasable Battle Pass, which was released on February 22nd, 2018
and continues on until April 30th, 2018.

A sequel was released on February 10, 2017,[215] and at the 2016 CinemaCon, Reeves hinted that more sequels had been
planned.[215] Following the release ofJohn Wick: Chapter 2 it was reported that a third film is currently in development with a target
release of May 17, 2019.[216][217]

TV series
In June 2017, it was reported that a prequel series titled The Continental is in active development. The series will focus on the hotel
chain that acts as a neutral ground for assassins, as opposed the character John W

See also
List of films featuring home invasions
Red (2008 film)

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External links
Official website
John Wick at Box Office Mojo
John Wick on IMDb
John Wick at AllMovie
John Wick at Metacritic
John Wick at Rotten Tomatoes

John Wick at the Internet Movie Firearms Database

John Wick on Google+

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This page was last edited on 23 March 2018, at 03:28.

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