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America / Europe

The differences between English romanticism and American Romanticism are largely due
to the national context in which these works were written.
The English people has a long national history and had been powerful force militarily and
culturally for several years. Most of the time, negative social effects of the scientific and
industrial revolutions, had an important impact in the artistic focus on that time. The
English romantic period is characterized for not be happy at all and how the ordinary
people saw the life.
In America, things were different, so the poetry was different. The country was young, and
the people there saw America as a good place to live, with a bright future. Also, in America
the people (writers) tended to follow the what they read from Europe but with some
variations. As we know America had an extended history were the freedom is one of the
most important topic. So, the American Romanticism went down a somewhat different
path. Using the romanticism as we know but having another topic such as freedom,
horror, thriller and love stories.

Symbolism:
The American Romantics use symbolism to hint at ideas and emotions that are beyond
ordinary language, or beyond the reach of everyday expression. These guys and gals were
very much into expressing the "hidden truths" that lay beneath the surface of our rational
minds and thought processes. And, judging from the examples above, they were also
super into color-coding.

Characteristics:
Nature
The American Romantics looked to nature for inspiration, for escape from society, and as
a place where their individuality could let its freak flag fly. The Romantics believed that in
nature we could be free in a way that we couldn't be in society, where rules and
conventions limit our individuality.
Individualism
They are individualistic, they are all about “me”. Most of the American writers used this
topic to talk about themselves and their emotion about certain theme or important topic
of that time, it was like a hidden truth inside the poem. They believed that we should
listen to our deep to understand us and the society too.

Emotions
But they believed deeply in the power and importance of emotion. People feel things, and
even if what we feel isn't rational, or doesn't make sense, it affects how we view the
world.
The American Romantics believed that our emotions were also a gateway to knowledge.
We not only know things by using our brains, we know things by using our hearts.

Imagination
We've mentioned that the American Romantics were really into individualism. Well, they
also happened to be really into the imagination. And that's because they believed that the
imagination is an expression of individual identity. If five of us were instructed to imagine
a tree, for example, we would all imagine it differently, because we're five different
people.

Important events
American Revolution
The thirteen American colonies broke away from Britain, the "mother country," because
they were peeved about being taxed without having political representation. the
American Romantics lived in an optimistic age, at a time when the new nation was just
finding its feet. They were inspired by the ideals of the Revolution, and they had high
hopes for the new nation.
Democracy and Freedom
Democracy became a huge political value in American culture and identity following the
American Revolution. And it's a huge deal in American Romantic writing.
The American Romantics valorized the ideals of democracy and freedom—the ideals on
which the American nation was built, after all. These guys and gals were all about equality,
justice, and freedom for all. These ideals influenced their outlook and were also central
themes in their writing.

1765-1783: The American Revolution


The thirteen American colonies manage to free themselves from British rule
1861-1865: The American Civil War
The country's going to pieces.

The Fireside poets


The Fireside poets (also called the "schoolroom" or "household" poets) were the first
group of American poets to rival British poets in popularity in either country.

Transcendentalism
is a philosophical movement that developed in the 1830s and 1840s in the New
England region of the United States as a protest to the general state of culture
and society, and in particular, the state of intellectualism at Harvard University and the
doctrine of the Unitarian church taught at Harvard Divinity School.

The dark romantics gothic literature


The Gothic begins with later-eighteenth-century writers' turn to the past; in the context of
the Romantic period, the Gothic is, then, a type of imitation medievalism. When it was
launched in the later eighteenth century, The Gothic featured accounts of terrifying
experiences in ancient castles — experiences connected with subterranean dungeons,
secret passageways, flickering lamps, screams, moans, bloody hands, ghosts, graveyards,
and the rest.