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3A 10 AHE~

Eberhard Heuel

EINFACH BESSER KONZENTRIEREN Mit Crashprogramm:

Steigern Sie Ihl Gedachtnis in zehn Tagen

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ISBN 5-222-06199-X

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© O¢>opMJlCHJfe.

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3K3lJMeHa KOHueHTpHpoBaTbCH B caryaunsx, xoropsre C8uikmemo1ll!yem

o mOM, smo Mbi

OTKJUO'iaJICb or scero OCTaJIhHoro; xorna MbI, lll!OC03HaJIJIO uanpusrep, npccnenyeu onpe.LJ,eJIeHHYIO ~b. rrparMaTHl.feCKYIO UeJIb HJlH HaxOD,HMCB B

crpeccosoa CHTy,lIllllI. Paase Bhl He 3aMe'iaJIH,

KaK, CKOHueHTPup0BaBIIIHCh, ornesramr na

sortpocu npenonaearens na 3KJaMeHe, XOTH

aa ,ll.eC~lTb MHHyT .LIO aroro CTpaUIHO

HepBHH'IaJIH. liJIU KaK na cexynzry

19

npH3a,Il}'MaJIHCb sa PYJICM aBTOM06HJUI, ensa He yromra B aaapnro. HO aa MHf no 3TOro 6wcTpO c06pamfCb If B3f£Jllf ce651 B pyKH. Bo scex TaKHX CJIY'laHX xoauerrrpatras B03HHKaeT He no naurea BOlle.

MblHUlceztJa Korna MhI rouopnv 06 «HCKYCCTBe» 8b1n{1ll1ReMKOKyIO- xoauenrpauna, TO HMeeM B BH.u.y re AuOOp(J(jomyc csrryauau, xorna Mhl C03HaTeJIbHO

UllmepecrJM, 6

COCpe,lIOTOqHBaeMCSI Ha KaKOU-JIH 0 n03mOMY HilM He

xsamaem JleSlTeJlhHOCTH, ,lIeJIa51. 3TO J1erKO H He

sonuenmpauuu. npaxnansmaa OCo6hlX ycrnIHll. E)I{eJlHeBHO HaM npHXOJlHTC5£ peurar s np06JleMbl, rrpmoransraas YCHlIH51.; aenars «nepes He Mory». He BCe, 'ITO Mbl nenaexr, ,lIeiicTBHTeJIbHO COCTaRJIHeT .!UIR Hac oc06blll "HTepec. Mnorne seum - 3TO rrpocro o,LJ,Ho06pa3Haf[ pynnra, KOTOPYJO Mbl peuraev 6e3 oco6oro BHHMaHI-UI. '-{acTO Mhl He MO)l{eM cocpenoro-nrrsca, Hallm MhICJIH npu nOM Haxo.n:~ITCH «rne-ro .lIaJIeKO», nOCT05lHHO OTBJIeKaeMCR. A np051.BJleHHe mrrepeca K moGoH .lIeRTeJIbHOCTH, BCTpeqalOIIIeeCR Y nexoroptax JIlO.ue~,_ - 3TO, cxopee J-tCKJIlOqeHHe H3 npaBRJI.

Haynrrscs KOHueH'IPHpOBaThCH osaasaer yMeTh cocpenorosasars CBOe BHlfM3.lille na BeIIIax nase B rex cnysasx, xorna OH« HaM He mrrepecasr. To ecrs ynpaansrs CBOHM BHHMaHHeM, caenans ern HHcrpyMeH'TOM csoea BOJIH.

20

,[{aJlCe BhIIID1IHSHI KaK}'1O-TO pa6oTy, Mhl pano rum nD3]lHD ~yeM, 'ITO uaure BHHMaHHe ocnafeaaer, TIpWleM pe'-lh H,lle-r 0. cosepureaao 06bJlllmM YCTaJlOCTI1, KOTOPOH, rrpaana, MO}l{HD ynpasnars. B KDHue KDHllDB sro HMeeT 6OJJhllIoe 3HalleHHe, xax .LlD1Ifo. Mhl CMD)!{eM "UflaTb It otipafiarsraart, C1ID)!{HhIe TCKCTbl, KaK ):(D1Ifo. Mo.)I{eM cnyurars ,llJIItHHblti: }I CKY'iHhlH ,UDKJIaLl M 6y,UeM 11M 8 COCTDRHltlt nDIIaCTh paKerKDH no. MSf4Y B nsroa cere HIphI B TeHHRC. Kax roaoparcs: YCTlL10CTh B mo6oM BJme n:eRTeJIbHOCTI1 - 3To. ee HeH36e)!{HhIR arpntiyr. HD npa nDMDlUH CneUHaJIbHhlX uenensrx TpeHRpDBOK Bbl CMOJKere CDxpaHSITb KDHueHTpaUHIO 6DJIee MHTeJIhHDe BpeMR. HTaK, Ko.Hl~eHTParmR - TID cnDCD6HOCTb srenoaeve CKDR rrc H x )HOI y nep.xunar s BHHMaHHe na KaKDM-JIR60 06beKTe B TelleHHe npollOJDKlITeJThHo.I'O 0Tpe3Ka BpeMeHH.

Bo3Mo.)l{HD, Bhl npmIa,lllTeJKme K 10H KaTeIOpUR mone it, xoropsre JIl0.6RT DTBJIeKaThCR. Hanpasrep, pa35ItpaR .n:DKYMeHTbl, HallHHaeTe

T OK see KlJK ¢tnu~ec"ue ynpaJlCHeJlUJ/ fXHiU8IJKNTI .II)lCK)'Aamm'. mOK u mpeuupoexu .W03ltl pa36U8aJOm 6UWU ncuxuuecsue ctIOCQtJmxmu.

'1mo6b1 yA~WUtnb cnoco6!uxmb ~ He06xtiJuMO

paaroaap asarr. C KD.lIJlerDH, TO. ecrt, uiueuum«

3aHHMaeTeCh nee KDJibKHMH ,UeJIaMM noeeoenue.

D.llHDBpeMeHHO, He yn:eJIRR cepbe3HOfO

BHRMaH}lR ffiI O,L(Ho.MY H3 HIiX.

21

Coeemu U Y xaxnoro xenoeexa ecn, CIloC06HOCTh K YKa:JOIIWl 0 mOM, KOH uenrpamra. ECJIlI 3Ty CIloc06HOCTb KOK 8,. Jtf()JlCeRle

rn6asumbCJl om nocrosmro He TpeHUpOBaTh, TO OHa MO)KeT

rtpocro aasaxayrs,

UCmO'lHUJW6, KOmopbll! MeWOJOm 8l1M~mpu-

~TO rckoe kOHLleHTpOliJASI?

POOatnbCJI,

sbiflauoemeiJlLlee .• KOHueHTpaUlI~ - aro cnocotiaocrs "leJIOBe"leCKott nCHXHKlI Y,llep)KlIBaTb BHHMaHHe na KaKOM-mroo om.eICTe B resemre npononxnrensaoro 0Tpe3Ka BpeMeHlI.

• JIyqme cKOIruempMpOHaThCSI vnaercs nnurs B TOM CJI}"-Iae, eCJIH o6'beKT UJIlIlIemeJlbHOCTh HaM HH'TepecHhl.

• Cnoc06HoCTh KOHUeHTpHpOBaThCSl - 3TO rrpexne acero cnoc06HOCTh ynpaansm, CBOlfM BHHMaHHeM.

• Cnocoonocrs KOHueHTplfpOBaThCSI - 3TO cnocotinocrs y.uep)KlIBaTb csoe BHHMaHue nonroe BpeMSI na KaKOM-Jllffio 06'beKTe.

• Y xaxaoro qeJIOBeKa eCTI> cnocotiaocrs xonnearpnpoaartcs. Perynaptrsre TpellllpoBlG1' rronzrepxaaaior ee B .llOIDKHOtt qmpMe.

Mory 1\1-1 51 XOPOWO kOH~eHTp~p08aTbCR?

KaK BhY Ce6S1 qyBCTByere, xorna JaHUMaereCb cnoprou, "lHTaeTe KIDITY, nOJa6bIB npn 3TOM see OCTaJIbHoe? KaKOBbI naura OWYIUeHlISI? Kaxae arrerarneaaa 8M rronyraere npa :}'TOM? Ilepea reM KaK BbI npacrvmrre K TpeHHpOBKe csoero BHHMaHlISI U naMSlTH, nonpo6ytITe

22

caasana onpenemrrs, B lJeM 3aKJIlO'-laIOTCH aanra CWIbHbIe H CJIa6hle cropoau. Korna BaM Y.lIaeTCSI CKOHueHTpHp0BaThCH JIerKO H fie3 npIDIoxeHIDI oc06h1X YCJfJIJfH? "liTO BaC MO)l(eT OTBJIelJb? 3TH BOnpOCbJ IIOMorYT BaM B3rJIHHYTb xa CBOIO cnocofiHOCTb KOHueHTpHpoBaTbCSI, aa TO, KaKHe BbI MOXeTe IIOJIKJH09HTb CBOH BJIYfPeHHHe pesepasr H sropocrerremrsre cnocoonocra .IIJlSI pa3BHTIDI BHHMaHHSllf naMSlTlf. BhllJ,eJIHTe ce6e MHHYTY IIOKOSl, lfT06hI OTBeTlfTb sa 3TH sortpocsr. Bsr JIOJI)l(HbI HeMHoro npHCJIYllIaTbCSI K ce6e If HCCJIe.L10BaTb Ce6fl. LW1Te BOJIIO CBOlfM MbICJISIM. Ho OTBeThl aa cson xe BOIIpocbI 4llfKClfPyt%Te Ha 6~re. Eyner IIOJIe3HbTM, npottruI KYPc rpennara CBoeH ITaMSITH If BHlfMaHlfSl, BepHYfbCH K crapbIM 3aIIlfCSIM H CpaBHIITb CBOlf MhlCJIlf If OJllYlll:eHHSI.

nPO~1I11Jl OC/W60 - ::mIO COMbiU .1y~wuii Da3UC d VI /Iil'l(L10 KYPCO mpellUfJ06KU BIIIJMJlJIUR.

23

Bonpoc 1

3afll1111J1Jl)mY B KaKHX cny-rasx BaM Y,IlaeTCH vnensrs QII.I,emy, 6onbwoe BH"MaHlle KaKHM-JIH60 o6beKTaM ecnouuuaume lie

mOAt>KO C801J 6y01IU, 110 U ceoi; omOwc, 3IlJIJImUJI XtffiJ

u m.B.

mrn nesrerrsaocr«? B 3TRX cHTyaUHRx CKOHueHTpHpOBaTbCH:

$I Mory nOJIHOCTbJO

Bonpoc 2

BcnOMHHTe CHTYaUHJO, xorna BbI Morml CKOHueHTplipOBaThCH JIerKO H 6e3 LlOnO)1HlITeJlbHbIX YCHJUIH, npH'IeM He OTRJIeKalIliCb. qTO Bbl rorna D,eJlaJIlI? 4eM BbI MO)l(ere OOMCHHTh 3TO COCTOJrnIfe? KaK .llOJlro BbI 6LmH BHHMaTeJIbHbI?

B :nOM cnryaiuur s CKOHueHTpHpOBaJIC5I 6e3 OC06bIX YCHJurn H He OTBJIeKaJIC5I H" Ha 'ITO nOCTOpOIDfee:

51 HaxOD,lIJICH B COCTORHHlI IlOBblIIIeHHoro BHlIMaHfUl B reseane:

24

Bonpoc 3

Bcnosuorre CJIY4aH, xorna sac OTBJIeKaJUf OT pafio'rsr. qTO aac OTBJIeXaJIo? KaK BbI rrpeononemr £PrucroPbl, XOTOpbIe BaM Mel.llaJllf_? B 3TIIX cnryarmsx II sracro OTBJIeKaJICH:

Memr OTBJIeKaJUf cnenytourae aeiua:

Tax H pearHpoBan Ha OTBne4eHHe Moero BIDIMaHlUI:

Bonpoc 4

B KaICHX caryauasx BaM Y}laBaJIOCb LlOBeCTIf nerro no KOHl{a, COXpaHHH xonuearpaumo, necuorps na TO, '{TO HaC OTBJIeKa.Jrn?

B 3TllX CHTYmllHX 51 coxpatrsn CIIOKoucTBHe " 6b1J1 BHHMaTeJIeH, HeCMOT))H rra TO, '-ITO MHe MellIaJIll:

25

OmMeKamb.lfOc?}m He11lO.!l1Jl(JJ eueuuue f/JaKmopbt. HHOiiJa n{JlJllUHbl, MewtlHJU4Ul! IIIlM CKOll~[JOOiJlfU>CJI. :JilJIOJlCeHbI 6 Hac.

HyJlCeH J/U 6QM malNOI( DmlI1lOi!Q, 'IITI06b1 ~pootJl1IbCR? JfJIu 6(lII f/OJIOIf), 'IInOfA.t iJeRmenbHOlmb ilnR fJOC6bwJ ~?

Bonpoc 5

Ew.e pas Crroc06HOCTb KOHUeHTpupOBaTbCH TeCHO nfJO'lUmaUme C80U omeemu c 1 no 3 npeJICfJe, 'leAl flO'llJmb OJn6eIU1mb na sm« BOfIpocbl.

CB}]3aHa C BaIllllM11 BHyTpeHHlIM11 YCTaHOBKaMlI. BhlJIO JI11 BaM HHTepeCHO? C911TaeTe JI11 BbI cefia cIIoc06HblM nJI}] peuieuan )T11X aanax? ECTb J11-1 Y nac onpenenennaa uens? Onpenenarecs, 1..)TO B Balliett paoore .lUUl sac BIDKHO, '-ITO - HeT. 3Ty paoory }] BhIJIOJIHJ:nO c y.rrOBOJIhCTBJleM:

A 3'TY - 6e3 oco6oro ).tHTepeca:

Bonpoc 6

o rn bIX cIIoco6CTByeT cnoco6HOCTJI KOHueHTpHpOBaThCH. 3arrllWJ,lTe, B xarorx cnysaax Bbl '-Iyt1CTBOBaJm ce6.sr crrOKORHhIMli 11 ypaatroaeurennsnta, a xorna qyBCTBOBaJIH cefia He B cnoen rapenxe?

B 3THX cnryauaax 51 He cnoxoea:

26

B 3TIfX cmvanasx Sf a6COJUOTHO CIlOKoeH If Omeeea« NO 3mU

ypaBHOBelIIeH: 8OnfJ'OCbI.

8CfIOMHUme

IIUlKJICe (JpeMJI,

8 «omopoe (JbI 8bJnOJlJjJjflU my 1JJJU UJlylO pa6omY. /(J)j/U'Ii!mI8() npucytnCmIKJ8aI

npu)mOM nenoee«, (JOUle Of1lllOUleHue K 3mUM AJOORM,

a mtuoce 8 'liM 30K.l!IOI{QJUlCb 8bJMfHJU!MilfI. (JaJrIU

paOOma.

27

o Cl>AKTOPAX, MEWAIOLLll.1X HAM KOHUEHTPLilPOBATbCSI

KIDKIIblH pas, xorna, 3aHHMaJlCb KaKHM-

J1HOO )leJ10M, Mbl He MO}KeM

CKOlDleHTJlHpOBaThCJI, acerna HaHilCTcJl npH'IHHa, KOTOpaJl MernaeT HaM: «IJOCTOJlHHO 3BOHHJ1 TeJ1e«iloH»), «JiblJIO TaK JKaPKO ••• », «$I W10XO ceoJl 1JYBCTBOBaJI ••• », «KoJ1J1era no pafiore

M. )leHCTBOBaJI MHe aa aepasr ••• », Bcea H3BeCTHbI 3TH cranaapraue OnpaB)1,aHHJI,

xo ropste MbI rOBopHM, BbInOJIHHB

HeKa'leCTBeHHO pa6oTy, W10XO nO)lfOTOBHBlUHCb K 3K3aMeuy H TOMY noaotiaoe.

'-lm06bl Yfl}"lwumb afOi! enuuauue. cneoyem ycmpauums rj;aKmopbl. «omopue OCTPYJO HeIlOCTaTOqHOCTb BHHMaHlUI BO BpeM5I

ueuuuom HaM pafioru. ECJIH 3TO 6bIJI TOJIbKO TeJIe<pOH,

cocpeoomoeumso;

3TH oueHKH HH B KoeM CJIyqae He nerrpanam.aue. Ho BCe )!(e OHH He 0605lCH5IIOT

KOTOPbIJ1 HaM MeWaJI CBOeJ1 Ha30J1JIHB0J1 TpeJIbIO, TO ero MO)!(HO 6bIJIO rrpOCTO OTKJIIOqHTb. Ha caMOM nene cyurecrnyer

MHO)!(eCTBO rrpOCTbIX peWeHI1H.

HeIlOCTaTOK BHHMaHH5I MO)!(eT HMeTb non C060IO MHO)!(eCTBO nptonut. KaK rtpaanno, 31'0 npezrversr I151BneHl151, KOTOPble Hac OKp~aIOT, nanpuvep, 'renerpon, A TalOKe npn-nrm», CB5I3aHHble nerrocpencraerrno C HaMH, - YCTaJIOCTb, OTCyrcTBHe mrrepeca, rraCCHBHOCTb,

o

H npH'lHHbI, nsrrexaiornae If3 OC06eHHOCTIf CaMOH ,1le5ITeJIbHOCTH, - nanpnnep, BbICOKHe Tpe60BaHHH, rtpezrssmnaesrsre K BaM.

Ha CJIe,1lYJO III If X crpannnax Bbi nannere HH<popMaUHJO 0 causrx maBHbIX novexax npn KOHueHTpaUHH. EcJIH BbI He npOCTO npO'lHTaeTe 3TY rJIaBY, a TaK~e cpaBHHTe CJIY'laH H3 csoero JIH'lHOro ornrra, TO Bbi 06HapY~HTe OTBeTbI Ha MHorHe HHTepeCYJOllIHe aac .I""l':tI;;::I}l-I,

BonpOCbI - HanpHMep, 'ITO H KaK npen5ITCTByeT aaurca cnoc06HOCTH KOHueHTpHpOBaTb BHHMaHHe. C 3THMH 3HaHHHMH BbI Mo~eTe cnOKOHHO nepearn K COBeTaM no peuremno rrpofinev.

Tpens menepoua - 3mo JlUUlb monuco oona U3 npUlJUH, MeUlalOUJ,UX

HaM KOHl{eHmpupoeamu».

TOJIbKO sa pe,llKHMH HCKJIJOQeHH5IMH, He,1lOCTaTOK BHMMaHl15I 51BJ151eTC5I BpO)l()leHHbIM rropoxoxr. Ilopoii He,1l0CTaTOK BHHMaHHH 51BJI5IeTC5I

JIPU'IUHbl nouiei; necnocoouocmu KOHl{€HmpU{J06ambC51 MOJICHO no6opomb

CJIe,1lCTBHeM T5I~eJIOro nCHXOJIOrH'leCKoro npu nOMOUJ,U

nOTp5ICeHH5I. Ho pe-n, He HJJ.eT 06 3THX,llBYX coomeemcmeytouiux

npa-nurax OTCYTCTBHH HaBbIKa KOHUeHTpaWflf, a Mbi roBOPHM 0 BHellJHl1X npH'llfHax, xoropue MO~HO npeozroners npn rroxroma aHaJIH3a, rpemrara H H3MeHeHH5I nOBe,1leHH5I. ITpeo,1lOJIeTb 6apbePbI, MernalOllIHe HaM KOHUeHTpHpoBaTbC5I, MbI crrocoousr, IfCnOJIb3Y5I ClfJIY BOJIH, H PYKOBO,1lCTBY5ICb uensto.

31

mpenupoeox U HeKomopoiXJ U3MeHeHWI ceoeeo noeeoenus.

Pa3J1U'IHble 6HelUHUe pautpascumesu, «omopue HaM ueuasom KOHl(eHmpUp06ambCH, - 3mo HeU36eJICHbie amputiymu HalUUX 6yoHeu. HaM cnedyem naynumu» K HUM npucnocaiuueamtcn.

KaK Ha paoore, TaK 11 D:OMa BaM MOryr MeWaTb pafiorars paamrsnsre <paKTOphJ: pa6OTaJOll1.I1H TeJIeBI130p B COCeD:HeH KOMHaTe; nOCT05lHHhle sonpocsr, KOTOPhlMI1 BaC OChmaJOT BaWI1 .IleTI1; npl151THblH apovar )!(apKOfO 113 KYXHI1. KOHeQHO, OT MHOfl1X 3TI1X rpaxropoa MO)!(HO 1136aBHThC5J. Ho npaKTI1QeCKH HeB03MO)!(HO pafiorart, B YCJIOBH5IX, xorna soofiure HWHO He MewaeT. TaK He 6hlBaeT. Haw MI1P, CHa6)!(eHHhIH caMOH paanon TeXHI1KOH, nOCT05lHHO WYMI1T, paanpaxaer HaWI1 HepBHhle OKOHQaHH5I KaK onTWleCKI1MI1, TaK H aKYCTWJeCKHMH CHfH3JTaMH. «CTeKJI5IHHhJH KOJ1naK» - l1D:eaJIhHOe cpe.IlCTBO, ~06bl OTroPOD:I1TbC5I OT aneumero Ml1pa C ero pampIDKl1TC.JUlMH, HO Bee )!(C )\fbl .IleJIHM CBOJO )!(H3Hb 11 paoory C D:PYfHMH JIJO.IlhMH. Y KiDKlI.Oro H3 HHX CBOH B3fJI5ID:bl aa )!(H3Hb, xoropue MOryT HaM HPaBHTbC5I HJII1 He HpaBHTbC5I. Hasepnoe, nuorna, Bbl 6bl XOTeJIH CTaTb MOHaxOM HJIH MOHaxHHeH. l:IT06bl aaneperscs B xerne H cnOKOHHO paoorars B a6COJIJOTHOt'1 TI1WI1He. Ho saur MHP - 3TO He MOHaCThlpb, a 60JIbWa5II1 WYMHa5I «KOHTopa». n03TOMY, HaM npHXOD:HTC5I )!(HTb cpena MewaJOll1.HX HaM CKOHll,empHpoBaThC5I <paKTOpoB. ED.HHCTBeHHoe peweHHe - 3TO HayqHTbC5I npl1cnOCa6JIHBaThC5I paooran, B TaKl1X YCJIOBI151X.

Omeopooumics om 6HeuiHe2o/,tUpa, - smo eatua Me'lma?

Pa3YMeeTC5I, lfTO npennocunxaan BblCOKOro paoo-rero HaCTpOeHH5I, a COOTBeTCTBeHHO, H BbICOKOi1 CHJ1bl KOHueHTpaUHH BHHMaHH5I 51BJ151eTC5I aaure COCT05lHHe 3L1,OPOBb5l. He3HalfHTeJ1bHa51 r0J10BHa51 60J1b HJ1H J1erKa51 npocryzta )0Ke 51BJ15lJOTC5I 3aJ10rOM CHH)[(eHH5I ypOBH5I saurea KOHueHTpaUHH. EC,lH )l(e Bbl, HeCMOTp51 ua npOCTYLI,Y, Bbl HY)l(LI,e Hbl paoorart., TO BaM nOMorYT cnerrnansnue MeTOLl,bl LI.J151 paCCJ1a6JleHH5I H nOBbIWeHH5I BHHMaHH5I. nOTpe6J1eHHe aJlKOrOJl51 H MHOrHX MeLl,HKaMeHTOB CHH)l(aeT yposens KOHueHTpaUHH.

Bu 6J10KHPyeTe xananst M03ra, xoropue 06pa6aTbIBaJOT H HaKanJlHBaJOT nOJ1YlfeHHYJO BaMH HHcpopMaUHJO.

CHH)l(eHHJO pa60TOcnoc06HocTH crtocoocrsyer raxxe OCTpaH HJlH xpOHHlfeCKa51 HeXBaTKa CHao Bo BpeM5I CHa BOCCTaHaBJIHBaJOTC5I KJIeTKH M03ra, xoropsre He06xoLl,HMbl LI.J151 saurea cnoc06HoCTH KOHueHTpHpOBaTb BHHMaHHe. ECJ1H Bbl cmrre MeHbwe, lfeM He06xoLl,HMO aaurevy opraHH3MY, TO OlfeHb CKOPO HaCTYI151T nCHX0J10rHlfecKHi1 cnaLl, H CHH)l(eHHe pa60TOcnoc06HOCTH.

H n r-epec CJ1Y)l(HT O)J,HHM H3 CpeLl,CTB, nOMoraJOIUl1X lfeJ10BeKY cKoHueHTpHpOBaTbC5I.

33

He300p06blU otipa: ,JlCU3HU II 60.le3HII cnocoticmeytom CHUJlCeHUIO pa6omocnoco6- nocmu.

Paenooytuue TaM, me OTCyrCTBYJOT nrrrepec H MOTHBaUH51 uetuaem patome. HJlH OHH He5lpKO asrpaxensr, npncyrcrayer Momueauue

pamronyunroe OTHoweHHe K neny, a orciona

noeutuaem paoomocnooxuocms.

Coeemu eu Haiiaeme oanee.

Ee:IU npeabfleJlfIeltble mpe/ioeauu» He coomeemcmeytotn

HaUlU,1t

cnoc06HOCm5lM U 3HaHU5I.I1, mo ,ltbl mepsest uomueauuio, a euecme c Heii cnocotinocms «onuenmpupoeamu».

CHH)!(eHHOe BHHMaHHe H HeKaqeCTBeHHbIH pesynsrar. ECJlH y HaC HeT CTHMYJla, TO Jl106a51 )le5lTeJlbHOCTb HaM )laeTC5I T5I)!(eJlO. H Ha060pOT - KaK nerxo HaM )laeTC5I pafiora, eCJlH OHa HaM HHTepeCHa! KOHeqHO, Mbi MO)!(eM CTHMYJlHPOBaTb CBOH HHTepeC K BeIUaM H 3a.n.aqaM, TaK KaK Y Jl1060ro -renoaexa ecrt, CBOH npI1CTpaCTH5I H aHTHnaTHH, CJla60CTH H CHJlbHble CTOPOHbI. Ho qT06bI pa3BHTb KaqeCTBeHHO CBoe BHHMaHHe B YCJlOBH5IX OTCyrCTBH5I mrrepeca, cneztyer npHMeH5ITb nporpasory rpemnrra, KOTOpa51 6bI yqHTbIBaJIa CB5I3b mrrepeca H BHHMaHH5I H B KOTOPOH 6bI npHMeHHJlHCb CTpaTerHH, Tpe6y1OIUHe MOTHBaUHI1.

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4

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Mucnums n03umU6HOsnanum, yuem» uaumu nOJ10JICUmeJlbHbie cmopouu 60 eceu.

37

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41

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»no mpenupoeka Op2aHOO'lY6cm6, «omopue nOM02alOm HQ,II ynpaemm« HaUlILII 6HILHaHUeM.

aocnpaunaaev HHTeHCHBHee OKp)')KaIOIUYIO LIeHCTBHTeJIhHOCTb: naiue BOCnpM5ITMe - 3TO CBoero pOLIa o6beKTHB cpOToannapaTa, cnocoriaoro CHMMaTh KpynHhIM IL1aHOM. Ilpn 3TOM HaWM op ran u 4'YBCTB MorYT nettcrsoaart, caMOCT05lTeJlhHO, He 3aBHc5ILIpyr OT npyra: MbI BHLIMM, CJIhIIlIHM, OC5I3aeM. LfYSCTByeM BKYC. KaK npaBHJIO, HaWH opraau 4'YBCTB CPYHKUHOHMPYIOT HYf)Ke nopora C03HaHM5I. Huorna MbI 3aMetfaeM, tfTO oopaforxa H HaKOnJIeHMe BocnpHHMMaeMOH HaMM HHcpopMaUMH MO)KeT npepsmart.cs. Hanpuxrep, npo-ruraa HeCKOJIhKO CTpaHMU KHMrM, Mhl an pyr 3aMeLfaeM, tITO H3 COLIep)l(aHH5I an-rero He nOH5L1M. Ha xonuepre MY3bTKa 3BYQHT MMMO HallIMX yuren, TaK KaK MhI LIYMaeM 0 KOHcpepeHUHH, KOTOpa51 COCTOMTC5I ira CJIellYlOlUHH LIeHh. Hac OTBJIeKaJOT HaWM )Ke MbICJIM, M B 3TOT MOMeHT BOCnpH5ITHe HHKaK ira Hac He BJIM5IeT.

Ho eCJIM Mbl 6YlleM cocpeLIOTOtfHBaTbC5I na KaKOM-TO OllHOM -ryncrne, Heo6xOllMMOM HaM B LIaHHhIH MOMeHT, TO HaM YllaCTC5I JIYLfwe KOHueHTpMpOBaTbC5I M BocnpMHMMaTb nOCTYnalOlUYIO HHcpopMaUMlO.

3nr ynpa)KHeHM5I nOMOfYT BaM yny-mnrrs cnoco6HOCTM BaUll1X opranos LfYBCTB.

Pacnpeztenare ynpaxnenna na HeCKOJIbKO )lHeH (na Ka)l()lbTH H3 OpraHOB qYBCTB BbT,UeJIHHTe TOJIbKO O)lHO yrtpaxnenne B )leHb) H nOBTOpHHTe 3TOT KOMOJIeKC perYJIHpHO B )laJIbHeHWeM.

3PEHlIE

HeT. MbI He 6Y)leM aaecs roaopim, 0 TOM, XopOWO BbT BH)lHTe HJIH HeT. 3)leCb pe-n, H)leT o TOM, qT06bT HayqHTbCH natimonart, H OTceHBaTb H~HY!o )lJIH cefia HHcpopMaUHTO.

YTIP A)J(HEHIIE 1

Cansre y OKHa H nOCMOTpHTe na He60. noxpsrroe 06JIaKaMH. CKoHueHTpHpYHTe CBOe BHHMaHHe HMeHHO na 06JIaKax. 113yqHTe HX CPOPMY, UBeT, uarrpasnenae HX )lBH)I(eHHH. He n:yMaHTe 60JlbWe HH 0 qeM, KpOMe KaK 06 06JIaKax. ECJIH BbT 3aMeTHTe, 'ITO Ha'IHHaeTe OTB:1eKaTbCH, TO nocrapaarecs seprryrs CBOe BHHMaHl1e 11 MbICJIH CHOBa K 06JIaKaM. Ilpexpaurre ynpaxneune, KaK TOJIbKO 3aMeTHTe, 'ITO BbT Y)I(e 60JIbWe He B COCTOHHHH )lOJIro Y)lep)l(HBaTb CBOe BHI1MaHHe na 06JIa'IHOM neoe.

YITPA)J(HEHIIE2 nOCMOTpHTe I13 OKHa. BbT6epHTe KaKOH-HI16Y)lb 06beKT(HanpHMep,coceJlHI1H )lOM) H BHHMaTeJIbHO paCCMOTpI1Te era, He yrrycxas HI1KaKHX neranea. 3aTeM cszn.re, 3aKpOHTe rnaaa.

Ilpeocmaeunc ceDe. smo 61,1 uaxooumecs IiO KpoUJe~HoM IGIO'IKe cyuiu nocpeou 6e36peJIfHoaJ otceaua, Huumo 60KPYC He omeiexaem 60e.

49

paCCJIa6bTeCb 11 npencransre ce6e 3TOT llOM. Ilocrapaarecs nepxars Y ce65l B M03ry KapTIIHKy 3TOro llOMa KaK MO)!(HO norrsiue. Korna saute BHI1MaHl1e Ha1mer OCJIa6eBaTh, orxpotrre rnasa 11 cpaBHI1Te .Ll.OM, C03llaHHbIH B uaurejr Boo6p3)J(eHl1H, C OPl1rHHaJ10M 33 OKHOM.

Ynpaxcnenue J MOJICIIO npoeooums 6 ,1I06b1Y: YC106UflX. 6ydl> mo 6allHWI xouuama, uacmepacas, Ule3JIOIiZ na meppace ...

YIIPAJKHEHME 3

Cansre aa CBOH pa60lIl1H CTOJ1 11 113)"II1Te ero B3fJ15IllOM no MeJ10lJeH: xosrnuorep, renedxm, crornca 6YMaf, cevenaoe (j)OTO. 3aKpoHTe nOTOM rnasa, paCCJ1a6bTeCb 11 npencransre ce6e csoe pafiouee MeCTO, KaK MO)KHO nonpotinee, Ka)KJlblH npenver, I1X I.J,BeTa, (j)OPMbI npenueroa; MaTepl1aJ1bI, 113 KOTOPbIX OHI1 c.aenau u. Ko r.aa BbI nOJTHOCTblO BOCCTaHOBI1Te CBOH pa60lJI1H CTO]] y ce65I B roJ10Be, OTKpOI1Te rnaaa 11 CpaBHI1Te 3TOT 06pa3 C OPl1f11HaJ10M.

llJYI1 - -mo xopauee YIIP AJKHEHME 4

ucnumanuctun B03bMHTe (j)OT0aJ1b6oM l1Jl11 npocro noncopxy KOHl{eHlIlpal(UIl KapTI1HOK, BCe panno KaKI1X. PaCnO,10)KHTeCb yn06HO B KPeCJIe l1Jl11 uazursane. OTKpoHTe KaKYlQ-HH6Yllb 113 crpannu, Hanpnvep, crpannuy C CaMblMI1 J1106HMblMl1 (j)OTOfpa(j)115IMI1 B (j)OT0aJ1b6oMe. nOCMOTpl1Te MeJIbKOM na 01IHY 113 (j)OTOfpa(j)I1H. 3aKpOHTe fJI33a. Boccoanarrre y ce65I D ronone 31)' KapTHHY nQJIHOCTblO. 3aTeM CHOM OTKpOHTe rnasa, I:l3fJI5IHHTe na dxrro, 11 3aK}JOHTe

CBOll rnasa CHOBa. nOBTOpHMTe 3TlI neHCTBIDl (OTKpblBaHTe H 3aKpbIBaHTe rnasa).

CJ1YX

Cnenyromne ynpaaorennx noxtorvr BaM HayqIITbcH OTceIIBaTb II3 rrOTOKa 3BYKOB TOJIbKO H~Hble.

YllP A)KHEHlIE 1

PacrraxHIITe OKHO B cBoeH KBapTIIpe II npacnyiuanreci, BHlIMa1eJIbHO K 3B~ ropona. Ilonsrraarecs BblneJIHTb II3 oouiero rrOTOKa 3BYKOB ornent.nsre (lllYM npoeaxaiouurx M311II1H, rOJIOC3 npOXO)!(I1X, llIyM co crponrensnon nJIOlllMKlI, uieferaiure nTI1U, ure.necr JIHCTBbl 11 TOMY nonofiitoe) , xouuenrpapytrtect, noonepezuro tra Ka)!(,llOM 3BYKe. Ilonsrranreci, aanepxcaaars csoe BHHMaHl1e aa KIDKIlOM 3BYKe KL1K MO)!(HO zionsure.

YTIPA)KJIEHlIE2

Ilocraasre llIICK C KJIaCClI'feCKOH MY3bIKOH. Ho ua ceii pas nacnaxnaarecs He KpaCOTOH CI1McPOHI1I1, a yneJIIITe BHI1MaHIIe OTlleJlbHbiM MY3bIKaJIbHbiM MHCTpYMeHTaM. Hanpnuep. BbIlleJI11Te TOJIbKO nyxosue I1HCTpYMeHTbI, a 3aTeM CMblqKOBble 11 TaK nanee,

YllPA)KHEHlIE 3

BKJlIOQI1Te TeJleBl130p, rrepeKJIIOQJ1Te ua KaHaJI, rro KOTOPOMY nepenaior rrporpavjay HOBOCTeH. BbIH1111Te B coceznnoto KOMHaTY II cnyuratire rOJIOC llIIKTOpa. C Ka)!(1lbiM 3TarrOM y6aBJUlHTe 3BYK B TeJIeBl130pe, QT06bl rpymree 6blJIO cnsnuars rOJIOc.

Ilpyeoi: eapuaum mpeuupoexu csyxa: 603M1Ume nycmue ~epHbte Kopo6oIJKU U3-nod rjJomOlwiiHKU. 3ano_1Hume ux pa]HbLWU npeouemauu (caxapoM,20POXO.IvI, pUCO.IvI, KaHl<e,1fIpCKU_I1U KHOnKaMU). fLlOmHO saxpoume ux.Bameu nompycume KaJICdylO U3 HUX

U nonumaumecs yeaoams no 36YKY, nmo H(L'(OaUmC5I enympu ux.

YTIP AlKHEHME 4

Ilpucnyiuanreci, K KaKoMY-HH6Y.Ilb 0.IlHo06pa3HoMY, O.IlHOTOHHOMY 3BYKY (nartpaxrep, K MepHOMY THKaHblO -racoe). Cxomienrpnpyarect, na 3TOM nOBTOpmOw,eMC5I 3BYKe, ynepxnsarire na HeM CBOe BHHMaHHe KaK MO)l(HO nonsure.

OPfAHhI OCH3AHMH

DOHO U3 CBOIO cnocofinocn, OC5I3aTb Bbl MO)l(eTe pacnpocmpauennux narpennponari, TO]]bKO C 3aB5I3aHHbJMH saoauuu 6

rnasavn. f103TOMY Y BaC non PYKOH .IlO]])J(eH ecmeal16l?HHfJHO)'fHb/X

6bJTb TeMHblH nenpoapa-nrua n]]aTOK.

My3eax = smo

otuynueanue conocmaeuuux npeouemoe, «omopue Hf!Jlb3H euoems, ma« KaK OHU cnpsmanu 6 HU(UKU.

Ilonpoiyume smom uemoo, otuynuea« «on-ua oepeesee.

YTIP AlKHEHME 1

OTKpOHTe n]]aT5IHOH urxad», aaxporire (3aB5I)I(HTe nOB5I3Koti) rnasa. flo osepena fiepure B PYKlf pasnsre BeWH, rrouiynajire MaTepHaJI. 113 KaKOrO xrarepuana OHH? KOJ11Ol.fHe !-UIH M5IrKHe, IIJ10THbJe HJ1H TOHKHe?

YTIPAlKHEHME 2

C5I.IlbTe aa CBOH pa60l.fHH CTO]] H 3aKpOHTe rnasa. Eepure no nOp5I.IlKY pa3J1WIHbJe npenaersr, KOTOpbJe HaXO.Il5lTCH aa CTOJle, ouryrtsmaa HX. YCTaHOBHTe, -rro 3TO sa npenjaeru H 113 <fero OHH cnenausr. KaKYlO OHM I1MelOT ¢OPMY 11 sec? qTO Bbl -ryacrayere, xorna rporaere 3TH npezrveru? BbmOJIIDIH 3TO ynpax nen ae., zrep x n re CBOI1 r naaa 3aKpbITbJMH.

YllPAlKHEHME3

Ilporimrre C 3aKpblTblMH (3aB}!3aHHbJMI1) tnasavn B CBOIO KOMHaTY. YCTaHOBlue .IlJI51

ce651 uern, - nartpnsiep. B351Tb C nOJlKH ortpeztenemryto KHHry

OEOIUIHME

KaK H B cnysae co CJlYXOM, pe-n, anecs HLl,eT o CnOC06HOCTH sunensrn, ornensnsre aanaxn.

YDPA)l(HEHHE 1

Jlocrassre nepen C060H '"IallIKY C pa3HbIMH cPPYKTaMH. 3aKpoHTe rnasa H CKJlOHHTeCb nan sauren. DOnbITaHTeCb onpenemrn, KIDK,!J,bIH H3 BHLl,OB cPPYKTOB no sanaxy. 3TO - anenscmr, a 3TO - rpYllIa ...

YTIP AJKHEHME 2

Dp0HLJ,JITeCb no xsaprape, npHHlOXHBa5lCb K u,ap5l1UHM B HeM aartaxaxr. l.JeM rtaxner B KOPHLl,Ope, 'leM - B Ka6HHeTe, 'leM - B BaHHOM, a 'leM na K)'XHe? Fne naxaer 'leM-TO, a me - 'lHCT5IIUHMH CpeLl,CTBaMH?

53

Tennoe LL1U eopsnee ? MR?KOe LL1U «nnouee" Konuenmpupyumec« «a eeoc» npouecce OCH3aHUR.

Ilonpooyume onucams ianaxu 13 mex stecmax, 13 «omopux eu uacmo 6bl13aeme: 13 odmce, aemouotiuie, Ma2a3UHe,

cayHe ...

Omuemsme C60U m06UMbLe 6moiJa U nonumaumecs onucams IiKYC06ble «auecmea Ka.JlCiJo2o U3 HUX.

YTIP A)KJIEHIIE 3

BbI J1Jo6JolTe Elmo? ECJH'I HeT, TO BCe paBHO. KaK-HH6Y)lb B03bMHTe 60KaJI C KpaCHbIM BHHOM. Floztepzorre HOC nan 60KaJTOM, B)lOXHHTe apovar H orurunrre CJTOBaMH - xaxoe 3TO BHHO: repnxoe HJTH CJTa)lKOe, rtpnropnoe HJTH xpenxoe.

OPfAHbIBKYCA

Cyutecrnyer 60JTblile BKYCOBbIX KaqeCTB, He)f(eJTH npOCTO CJTa)lKHH BKyC, KHCJTbIH, ropbKHH. Flonpofiyrrre caMH!

YTIPAJKHEHIIE 1

KaKoB na BKYC co6CTBeHHo uroxonan? OH npOCTO CJTall.KHH HJTH ecrs euie KaKHe-TO BKYCOBble Ka<IeCTBa, xoropsre CJTO)f(HO onpezremrn.? Flonpooynre! Hanpavep, rronpooyitre uroxonan, CPPYKTbI HJTH HanHTKH. KaKOBbI OHH na BKYC, H KaK MO)f(HO}'IX orntcars?

YTIPA)I(HEHlIE2

Moxere BbI onpenemrn, no BKYCY COpT mrsa? I1JTH pa3JTHQaTb no BKyCy BHHa? I1cnbITaHTe «naM5JTb», 3aJIO)f(eHHYJO B saurev 5J3bIKe? Ilonpooyirre TPH copra O)lHOTImHOro HanHTKa (nanpmrep, CBeTJTOe nHBO). 'Iepes KaKoe-TO BpeM5J «BCJTenylO» B03bMHTe HaflHTOK, KOTOPbIH 6bIJT cpemr rex rpex, xoropsre BbI nHJTH pansure, H yrananre ero COpT. Hy KaK, nOJTyqHJTOCb?

MbI )J(HBeM BO npeweua HH<p0pMaUHH:

HH<PoPMaUHOHHble TeXHOJlOrHH npoanxaror EO BCe crpepu )J(H3HH; 06pa60TKa HH<p0pMaUHH c rana J],BH)J(HTeJleM 3KOHOMH'leCKOrO pa3BHTHH. H30 J],HH B J],eHb npOH3BOJ],HTCH MHJlJlHapJ],bI 6HT HH<p0pMaUHH, na HaC 06pyruHBalOTCH nOTOKH J],aHHbIX, C006IJJ,eHHH, KOJ],OB H CHrHaJlOB. MO)J(HO 3anpOCTO norepa rs opHeHTaUHIO. KaK OTJlH'IHTb HY)J(Hoe OT HeHY)J(Horo? KaK BbIJ],eJlHTb «npaBHJlbHYIO» HH<popMamno, H KaK ee MO)J(HO HaH60Jlee 3<p<peKTHBHO otipatiarsrsars? KaK MO)J(HO YCBOHTb BCIO HH<popMaUHIO H HaD,OJlrO 3anOMHHTb? Il pHHUHnbI <PYHKUHOHHP0BaHlUl namero rOJlOBHOrO M03ra ~e He HBJlHIOTCH Hen03HaHHOH TaHHoH.

y Hac ~e ecrt, 06 3TOM npencraanemte, 0 TOM, KaK Mbl BocnpHHHMaeM HH<popMaUHIO, KaKHM nyreM OHa nonanaer B xopy rOJlOBHOrO M03ra, KaK OHa 3anOMHHaeTCH H TO, KaK MbI MO)J(eM ee BOCKpeCHTb B CBoeH naMHTH. BbI MO)J(eTe BMernaTbCH B 3TH npoueccsr, 'IT06bl nysure ynpaanars HMH H 3<p<peKTHBHee 06pa6aTbIBaTb HH<popMaUHIO. LlJlH aroro CYIJJ,eCTBYIOT paann-nn.re TeXHOJlOrHI1 11 TpeHHHrH, cnoc06CTBYIOlll,He YJlY'IrneHHIO sauren cnOc06HQCTH KOHueHTpHpOBaTbCH 11 OD,HOBpeMeHHO YllY'IrnalOIJJ,He xavecraa BallIeH naM5lTH. HeJlb3H paarpamrnraars xomrerrrpamno H rrasorn.. TOT, KTO OC03HaHHO H UeJleHanpaRITeHHO socnpmneaaer HH<PoPMaUHlO (TO ecrs KOHueHTpHPyeTCH), rcr C03J],aeT

5

3rjxjJeKmU6H(lfI 06pa60mKa UHrjJoPMaUUU C6J13aHa c npooysmuenocmvo eauieu nausmu. Tom, «mo cucmeuamuuecku eocnpunuuaem U ianouuuaem UHrjJoPMauuIO, eceeoa MOJICem euseams ee U3 cauux oansnux YZO,lK06 nausmu.

Yllemb OmJ1U4amb cytuecmeennoe om necytuecmeennoeo,

I3blYJICUl3amb U3 nausmu KGKUemo 3HaHUfi - 3mo C60ecO pooa ucxyccmeo, C KOmOpbLM npuxodumC51 cma.isueamscn KaJICObiU oeHb 6 uupe utupopuauuu.

rrpeDJIOCbIJIKH: ee )LI'UI Haue)l(}foro 3arrOMHHaHJUI. VI Ha060pOT: KTO pacnonaraer XopOWO 3arrOMHeHHOH HHcPoPMaUl1eH, TOM)' 6y.uer J1erKO nosxe BOCKpecHTh ee B csoea rraM5ITI1.

Pa3BHTb BOCrrpH5ITl1e, Hayql1TbC5I OTJ1114aTb He06xo.uI1MOe OT HeHY)l(HOrO, HaY4HTbC5I rrp04HO sanovauan, HHcPoPMaumo - BOT rryn, K ycrrexy,

Ilepssnt war Bbl c.ueJ1aJIH yxe B npezurnyuteti rnase. B yrrpa)KHeHH5IX, rrOCBHw:eHHblX HaWHM rrarn opranau 4YBCTB, pe-ts WJ1a 06 HHTeHCHBHOCTH BOCrrpH5ITHH HH<popMaUHH, 0 cnocofinocrn aanepxnsari, BHHMaHHe na OT.ueJ1bHblX opranax 4YBCTB, He OTBneKa5lCb na npyrue. B CJ1e.uYIOW:HX ynpa)KHeHH5IX Bbl nay-nrrecs <pHJ1bTpOBaTb BocnpHHHMaeMYIO HH<popMaUHIO.

YllPAJKHEHMEI

3moynpaJICHeHue IToCJ1ywaHTe BHI1MaTeJ1bHO nporpasnry d.1fI Ha4Q.;1Q 6yoem HOBOCTeH rro PaD:HO HJ1H rro TeJ1eBH.ueHHIO. npouie eunoanums, 3aOCTpHTe BHHMaHHe tra KaKOH-TO O.uHOH H3 eC,IU eu 6yoeme

sanucueams C60U MblOU U 6b11300bl.

Ilompeuupoeoeiuucs, 6bl MOJICeme Oml0JICUmb

HOBOCTeH H rrO.uyMaHTe HaD: ee conepxanae«. Harrpmrep, 3TO MO)!(eT 6blTb rrpl1HHTblH HOBblH 3aKOH B Focynapcraenaon ,LI,YMe HJ1H coofiuiernre 0 rrpouecureucs yparane, HJ111 coofiuiemre 0 peaynsrarax crtoprumroro

6 cmopouy nepo U COCTH3aHHH 11 T . n.

6YMazy. 0 ,l-.

uemrre YCJ1blWaHHYIO BaMH HH'!'opMaUHIO,

npowurepnperapyrrre ee, cnenaare BblBO.ubl. Pa3BHBaHTe CBOH MblCJ1H KaK MO)!(HO .uOJ1bWe, HO OCTaBaHTeCb 6J1H3KH K 'rexre.

b6

YTIP A)KHEHME 2

DOJIbllUIHCTBO BblcTYJUleHHH, xoropsre MbI B3mOM CJIbJllIHM B CBoeH )!(J13HH, yr0MJ15HOT Hac H ynpascuenuu eu HaBeBaIOT CKYKY. JIHllIb aa pe)],KHMH maK:JICeMO:JICeme ianucueams

HCKJIIOqeHHHMH pHTOpHqeCKHH TaJ1aHT oparopa cnocooea C nepsoa )],0 nOCJIe)]'HeH MHHyrbI

OCHOBHble MbICJIU.

npHKOBbIBaTb K noxnazry Hallie BHHMaHHe. Ho cxy-ntsre )],OKfJaJJ,bI - xopouree cpe)]'CTBO )],JI~ TpeHHpOBKH HallieH cnoc06HOCTH KOHueHTpHpOBaTbC~. nOCTaBbTe nepen C060H uens. Ilpnna na O)],HH H3 TaKHX )]'OKJ1aJJ,OB, nOTIbITaHTecb nOJ1HOCTbIO npOCJIe)J,l1Tb uenosxy MbICJIeH asrcrynarotnero OT nanana )],0 KOHua. nOBTOp~HTe B rOJIOBe OT)],CJIbHble KJ1IOqeBhle CJIOBa H3 pe-nt. ECJIH )fCe BbI na-nnraere OTBJ1eKaTbC~ H Tep5ITb HHTb, nonsrranrecs aepnyrsca K )],OKJIauy. nOCJIe caxs oro )]'OKJIaJJ,a KpaTKO aarrnunrre KfJIOqeBble CJIOBa H3 )]'OKJIaJJ,a, xoropue BcnOMHHTe, B TOM nopanxe, B KaKOM OHH CJIe)]'OBaJIH B BbICTYTIJIeHHH.

YTIP A)KHEHME 3

He 3aMeqaJIH JIH Bbl, 'ITO BO MHorHX BH)]'ax jL1Jl3mOZO )],e~TeJIbHOCTH BbI repsere )],eTaJIH H «sa ynpa:JICHeHUH BaM )],epeBb~MH He BH)],HTe neca»? qTO BbI npn nOHaiJo6J1mCH

cnocotiuocmu BCeM rtpn 3TOM He MO)l(eTe y)]'ep)!(J1BaTb CBOe

eauiux eaas.

BHHMaHHe na caMOM maBHOM.

Ilonpofiyirre HayqHTbC5I <POKYCHpOBaTb CBOe BHHMaHHe. Iloynpaxusjirecs, B3~B cauue 06bIqHble CBOH nosceznreanue )],eHCTmm H npenjrersr. ECJIH Bbl 5IPbIH qHTaTeJIb raser, TO rronpofiyare qHTaTb TOJIbKO re CTaTbH, xoropue nOCB~llIeHbI, nanpnuep, <I>paHUHH. Moxere B3~Tb B xa-tecrse TeMbl 'ITO yrO)]'HO. He oopamanre BHHMaHH~ na npoxue cran,n!

5J

KaK HaJICUmO, ma« U nposcumo.

Ilasum« HYJlCHO mpeuupoeams.

Y MHOrHX mOneH 3a'IaCTYIO C03naeTC5I Bne'IaTJIeHHe, 'ITO HX rraM5ITh noxoxa na peurero. BhI BHnHTe na YJIHUe 3HaKOMOe JIHUO, HO He MO)l(eTe BcrrOMHHTh HMeHH aroro 'IeJIOBeKa.

HJIH BhI CTOHTe Y 6aHKOMaTa, nOHHMa5l, 'ITO 3a6hIJIH 'IHCJIa rnmxona. Ho naxe JIHua, xoropue He )l(aJIYIOTC5I na naM5ITh, MorYT 3a'IaCTYlO 3a6hIBaTh nojaepa TeJIe¢OHOB, 3a6hIBaTh 0 BpeMeHH

-_oL.\._"'_.'-Io~ Ha3Ha'IeHHhIX scrpe-t:

H3 rOJIOBhI BhIJIeTalOT HenaBHO aaysemrsre CJIOBa H3 nnocrpannoro 513bIKa.

0P0.I.l,YKTHBHOCTh rraM5ITH MO)l(HO nOBbICHTb 6JIaro.I.l,ap51 TpeHHpOBKaM. Ha cero.I.l,H5IWHHH .I.l,eHb cyiuecrsyer orpoxmoe KOJIH'IeCTBO pasaooopasnux MeTO.I.l,HK YJIyqweHH5I rraM5ITH. Hexcropue H3 HHX BbI nannere HH)I(e. OcHOBHYIO 'rpynnocrs COCTaBJI51eT 3arrOMHHaHHe HMeH, 'IHCeJI, OCHOBHbIX nOH5ITHH, KJIlO'IeBbIX CJIOB, TO ecri, MeJIO'IH, C KOTOPbIMH HaM rrpHXOnHTC5I CTaJIKHBaTC5I Ka)l(1lbIH zteus. MeTO.I.l,bI 3anOMHHaHH5I MO)l(HO HCnOJIb30BaTb B cavsrx pa3HbIX cHTyaUH5IX.

YTIP AJKHEHIIE 1

3m ynpaxnem« rrOMO)!(eT BaM HaYI.JIITbC5I JIYYllIe 3arrOMHHaTb HMeHa. KTO-TO H3 BaWHX c06ecenHHKoB B Hayafle pa3rOBopa rrpenCTaM5IeTC5I, a -repes HeCKOflbKO MHHYT BbI nomoaaere, YTO )')!(e He rrOMHHTe ero HMeHH. ECflH )!(e BbI He 06MeHHBMHCb BH3HTHbIMI1 KapTOYKaMH, TO B 3TOH cl1TyaUI1H 6yneT HeKoppeKTHbIM urarou nepecnpocmr, HM5I csoero cooecennaxa. QTO)J(e nenars, YT06bI H36eraTb B 6ynyweM nonoonux HeflOBKHX crrryauuji? CocpenOTOYI1BaH:Te csoe BHI1MaHHe HMeHHO aa 3arrOMl1HaHHH HMeH B HaYMe paarosopa, xorna yqaCTHHKH 6eceDbI npencraanmorca. nOBTOpHTe MblCfleHHO 3TI1 I1MeHa. Ecnn BnpYT BbI He paCCflbIWMI1 I1MeHH, TO cpasy )J(e Be)J(flHBO nonpocnre rrpenCTaBHTbC5I 3TOro xenoaexa ewe pas, Ilocrapajrrecs KaK MO)J(HO xaute Ha3blBaTb CBOHX c06eceDHHKOB rro HMeHI1. Ilonuraarecs npencraansrs I1MeHa 06Pa3HO, TaK, KaK BaM 3TO noncxaasmaer saura ¢aHTa3115I. Crapatireci, 3arrOMHHaTb He HM5I, a cavoro -renoeexa, HOC5Iwero 3TO HM5I. 06pa3bI 3arrOMHHalOTC5I ny-uue, yeM cnosa H UI1¢pbI. ECflH pe-ts I1neT 0 TaK Ha3blBaeMOH «rOBOp5IWeH ¢aMl1flI1H», TO C 3TI1M Bo06Iue He nO]l)J(HO 6bITb HHKaKHX npotinea: J10)J(KHH, J1HCHUblH, MYXOMOPOB, CYXOHOCOB, OeflbTH, rpH60B H TOM)' nonoonoe. I1MeHa roBOP5IT caMH aa ce65I. Cnozon-re 11 He06bIYHble ¢aMHflHH 3arrOMHHalOTC5I cnoxoree.

YTIPAJKHEHlIE2

3TO yrtpascnenne rrOMO)J(eT BaM HaYYHTbC5I ny-nue aartovmran, -nrcna. 3HaeTe flIf BbI HaIf3YCTb HOMep BaWeH KpeDl1THOH KaPTOYKM?

Xopotuas nausms «a UMeHa npeoomepauiaem e03HUKHoeeHue HeJlOOKUX cumyauuu.

Paieueaume eHUMaHueK pa3JlU~HbLW noeceoneenun MeJlO~aJ>I.

[de »cueym dpY3bJl 6aUJUX oemeu? CKOjlbKO epeuenu eoem aem06yc ympou, e o6ed 11 eeuepiiu ? 11 max oanee. Csatia« naunms «a «ucna sacmaensem MH02UX JlIooeu ueeoooeam« 3mu npocmue vnpascneuu» nouoeym eau.

Accouuamueuuii nemo) -3mO xopouiuu cnoco6 mpeuupoeeu nausmu ua IIlIColO.

Ball HOMep fianxoscxoro csera HJlH see HOMepa M06HJlbHbIX renerponon saunrx llPY3eH? Pacrmcaane anexrporioeaaon, HlIYIUHX no HY)!(HOH BaM CTaHUHH? HaYlJHTbC5I ny-nue 3anOMHHaTb 1lJlHHHbIe KOM6HHaUHH UHcPP BbI MO)!(eTe npn nOMOIUH cnezrytourax MeTOlIOB. Hannunrre p5l1I tllfceJl. Hanpmiep, 48201856. 3aTeM pasfiejrre P5l1I na napsr 48 20 18 56 H 3anOMHHaHTe 3TH lJHCJla He KaK lJeTbIpe - BoceMb -- )],Ba - HOJlb - ... , a KaK COPOK BoceMb - )],BMuaTbaoceunannan, ... OPH 3anOMHHaHHH lJHCeJl HCnOJlb3YHTe aCCOUHaTHBHbIH MeTO)]'. BOT npmrep: 48 - HOMep saurea KBapTHpbI, 20- B03paCT sauren no-tepa, 18 - BbI rrournn B apxnno H TaK lIaJTee ...

Taxxe K onpenenenusni lJHCJlaM MO)!(HO npHB5I3bIBaTb KaKHe-TO CHMBOJlbi. Hartpnvep, o - noxoxe na 51HUO; I - cPOHaPHbIH CTOJl6; 2 - neoens. B 06IUeM, KaK B nrpe «Pyccxoe JlOTO». C KalKllOH UHcPPOH OT 0)]'09 CB5I)!(HTe KaKOH-TO CBOH 06pa3. OOnp06yHTe npoaepmt- 3TOT MeTO)], CJle)],YIOIUHM o6pa30M: nanmtnrre see novepa renerponoa BaWHX lIPY3eH H 3HaKOMbIX, HO He say-maaare HX HaH3YCTb, a 3arrOMHHTe HX C nOMOIUblO 3THX MeTO)],OB.

YTIP ALKHEHlIE 3

3TO yrrpaxnemre rrOMO)!(eT BaM nay-nrrsc» ny-nue 3anOMHHaTb KJllOlJeBbIe CJlOBa H rrOH5ITH5I. Hartpmrep, 3TO MO)!(eT 6bITb JlHCT 6YMarH, B KOTOPOM narracan crrHCOK He06xo)],HMbIX rroxyrrox, H TOMY nonotinoe. B 3TOM cny-rae r axxe 6y)]'eT no.neaen aCCOUHaTHBHbIH MeTO)]' 1lJl5I 3anOMHHaHH5I

60

HHKaK Me)l(,[{y C060H He CB5I3aHHhIX nOH5ITHH. C03.Il,aHTe

=.----

06pa3 Ka)!(.Il,OrO

ornensnoro rryuxra. Hanpnuep, BhI He npOCTO BH.Il,HTe aanncs B 6JIOKHOTe «KYnl1Th 6YKeT UBeTOB», a BhI HX «BH.Il,HTe», «MO)!(eTe nomoxars, norporars». CnycT5I 15 MHH)Tf OTBJIeKHTeCh, a nOTOM CHOBa, xorna 3TO 6Y.Il,eT Heo6xo.Il,HMO, BOCKpeCHTe B naMHTH ofipaa 6YKeTa UBeTOB, KOTOPhIH H)')KHO BaM xyrnrrs. TaKHM 06pa30M BhI MO)!(eTe C03.Il,aTh UeJIhlH BH3YcUlhHhfH PO;lHK na Ka)I(,[{hIH H3 nYHKTOB, KOTOPhIH MO)!(HO rtpoxpymnan, y ceris B rOJIOBe:

OTHeCTH TY<PJIH B MaCTepCKYJO; OTHeCTH onexzty B XHM'IHCTKY; xyrtrrn, 6YKeT UBeTOB; aanpaanrs aBTOM06HJIh; npoaepnrs .Il,aBJIeHHe B untnax; 3aMeHlfTh MaCJIO;

KYnHTh 6aJIJIOH C nHTheBOH BO.Il,Ot!.; OTOCJIaTh rntcswa;

OTBeCTH ChIHa na TpeHHpOBKY.

«PaCCJIa6hTeCh!» - rOBOpl1T 06hI'IHO CTOMaTOJIOr rtauneirry nepen TeM, KaK nsrpsart, 3y6. A naUHeHT cnpaunrnaer cefia, eCJIH OH euie cnocooen ce6H KOHTpOJIHpOBaTh, O)!(H.Il,aH CTpaWHOH He'IeJIOBe'IeCKOH 6OJ1H; CKa3aJI JIH

PHO He C6H3aHHbiX MeJIC0; co6ou eeuieu, nanpuuep cnUCOK notcyno«, l>IOJlCHO sanouuums npu nOMOUl,U aCCOI{UamU6HOcO uemooa.

Hesaoaua. CH06a 3a6bl)1 «ynums ueemu. B cneitytouiuu pas nonpoiyume sanouunamw omoe)lbHble He C6H3aHHbie MeJICOY cotioi! nOHHmUH U CJ106a npu nOMOUl,U accouuauuu U 06pa306,

Hayiumu» sro spa-r MaWHHaJIbHO, H.HH aa 3THM CJlOBOM

paccnotunmu» CKpblBaeTC5I onpenenemusji UHHH3M. 6nOJ1He603MOJICHO. Pa3YMeeTC5I, B CI·rryaUHH, xorna nonavaeun., Jmo npeonocunsa l..[TO ceri-rac Te651 OXBaTHT a.Il,CKa51 60,1b,

3aCTaBHTb ce651 paCCJla6HTbC5I npOCTO HeB03MO)!(H0. Haw rrynsc ysatuaerca, MblillUbI Hal..[HHaIOT COKpallJ,aTbC5I. Ho, TeM He MeHee,

paCCJla6JleHHIO MO)!(HO HayqHTbC5I. llrr51 3TOro CYllJ,eCTBYIOT crteuaant.n sre npaaana H MeTO.Il,HKH, xo rop sre crroc06CTBYIOT paCCJla6JleHHIO B JlI06blX cHryaUH5IX.

ypaenoeetuennocmu U euympeuueeo 6(L;WHca.

PaCC.JlUfi1J1mbCfI -

manum. omtipocums ece C60U cmpaxu u npotuenu. Tom,

xmo ypaenoeetuen, mom yneem nanpaeism« npaeuisno C6010 3Hep2UlO II ctuu, yueem KOHlIeHmpIIpoeamics.

PoccAo6AeHHe H CnOC06HOCTb kOH~eHTpHpOBOTbCQ

Paccnanaemre TeCHO CB5I3aHO C KOHuempaUMeH. Ll,Jl51 Ha1IaJIa scerna cnenyer paCCJla6HTbC5I, QT06w CH5ITb C ce651 6peM5I np06JleM, 06513aTeJlbCTB, CTpaXOB H COMHeHHH H C03.Il,aTb finarortpna'rnt.re rrCHXOJlOrHl..[eCKHe YCJlOBH5I .Il,Jl51 pa60TW. KOHel..[HO, pel..[b H.Il,~T 06 OTITHMaJIbHbIX BHeWHHX YCJlOBH5IX, xoropue pacnonararor K pacCJla6JleHHIO H YCTpaHeHHIO cpaKTopoB, MeWaIOllJ,HX KOHueHTpHpOBaTbC5I. Ho B nepBYIO Ol..[epe.Il,b pel..[b H.Il,~T 06 HH.Il,HBH.Il,YaJIbHOH YCTaHOBKe aa paccnafinemre.

Ll,Jl51 MHOrHX H3 Hac paccnafinenue 51BJl5leTC5I np06JleMOH, CB5I3aHHOH C pa60ToH. nOl..[TH Ka)!(.Il,bIH BH.Il,HT B HeH ce651 rrarpyxemroro np06JleMaMH, 06513aHHOCT5IMH. npHl..[~M HHKOMY He rrpHXO.Il,HT B rOJlOBY, l..[TO nOCT05lHHOe naanenne co CTOPOHbI H

uanpaxemre He npWBO)lHT K nOJIO)!(11TeJTbHhIM pe3YJIhTaTaM. ~Horo pa60TaTh He 3Ha'lWT paootars xopouro. l1MeeT CMhICJI MeH5ITh BI1,lJ,hI .Il,e5JTeJIhHOCTW. Pa60TaTh - OT.Il,hIXaTh, Hanp5JraThCH paCCJIa6JIHThCH. K np0.Il,YKTWBHOMY paoo-rexry pWTMy OTHOC5JTCH nayssr, nepexypsr, xoporxne pasroaopsr C KOJIJIeraMW W BhITIOJIHeHWe 3a.uaHwH.

)l(el\aH~e BMeCTO np~Hy>kgeH~SI

HaXO.Il,5JCh B COCTOHHWW crpecca, BhI He .Il,OCTWfHeTe BhICOKOH npO.uyKTWBHOCTH. nOpOH .Il,OCTaTO'lHO Hac caMWX, 'lT06bI sornars ce65J B COCT05JHWe crpecca. Msr caMW nenaev cefia pafiaxnr CBOHX O)!(J1.Il,aHWH H TeM caMbIM npenn rc'ravev pacKpbITHIO uautu x cnocoouocren. Kmoxeasre CJIOBa KaCaTeJIbHO pacCJIa6JIeHW5I - 3T0 He «.Il,OJI)!(eH» H «065J3aH», a «Mory» W «XO'ly». BepbTe B CHOW c06CTBeHHble CHJIbI. OCB060.Il,WTeCb OT COMHeHHH, crpaxos. TOT, KTO nO.Il,XOLUtT K.Il,eJIY CO CJIOBaMW «KaK MHe C 3TWM cnpaBHTbC5I?» WJIW «Y MeH5J HW'lerO He nOJIyqHTC5J», TOT sapaaee oopexaer ceoa na npOBaJI. Jly-nuyto nepCneKTHBY OTKpOIOT CJIOBa: «51 3TO C.Il,eJIalO ny-nue acexl». ECJIH BbI 6Y.Il,eTe nO.Il,XO.Il,WTb K JII060MY .Il,eJIY cnOKOHHO J1 ypaanoeeureano, TO BbI .Il,OCTHrHeTe ycnexa.

Cyuiecrayer ueJIhIH PM MeTO.Il,HK H TpeHHHroB no paCCJIa6JIeHHIO: OT Me.Il,J1TaUJ1J1 .Il,0 .Il,bIXaTeJIbHOH fHMHaCTHKH. Ynpa)!(HeHH5I C

[J03umUBHO uacmpoumux yoaemcfl mOMY 'IeJl06eKY, «omopuu snaem C60U cunutue cmopouu.

Ycmtuocmu U Hep603110Cmb «acmo 6bJ(iQ/Om I1pU~UHaMU HanpflJlCeHH020 110eeaeHUfI,

Paccnatuenue osnauaem 1110, «mo MO.JK'HO npespamums patiomy u ciipocumu co C60llX rue« opeAlfI npotue». Muuymu noxon>: smo neomsesueuas ~acmb'//06020 np0OyKmU6H020 euoa aeflme,lbnocmu.

1- ro no 3-e npen:CTaBJUIlOT C060H BbI60PKY 113 pana pa3J1WIHbIX MeTon:I1K no paccnatinemno. 31'0 craaaapnrue ynpCOKHeHI15I. xoropue nerxo BbInOJlH5ITb; OHI1 He rpefiyror nOMOW:11 co CTOPOHbI rpenepa I-IJ1I1 repanesra.

B ynpaxcnenna 4 BbI rpenupyere CBOlO cnocoonocn, K paccnafineinno I1 nonsnuaere KOHueHTpaUl1lO. 11 n03TOMY npexne 'IeM BbI peunrre CT05IW:l1e nepen BaM H aana-nr, BbI .uOJl)KHbI JlI1KBI1n:l1pOBaTb ace CTpaXI1 I1 COMHeHI151. Ofipasnoe «nponrpsmanne. CI1TyaUl111 onpen:eJl5IeT YBepeHHOCTb I1 OCB060)I(IJ:aeT nytuy I1 TeJlO.

YnpA)KHEHMEl

C5ID:bTe na cryn He 06JlOKalfl1Ba5lCb na CnI1HKY; PYKI1 n:OJl)l(HbI CB060n:HO BI1CeTb no 06el1M croponan TYJlOBI1Il1,a. 3aKpOHTe man, Harrpassre BCe CBOe BHI1MaHl1e Ha npaBYIO PYKY, Flonsrraarecs nO'lYSCTBOBaTb rertno I1 KPOB006paIll,eHl1e, nOTOM CKCOKJffe CaMI1 cece,

64

LJTO naura PYKa T5DKeJTeeT. Floaropaare 3TO cauonnyurenue 110 TeX nop, noxa aaura pyxa lleHCTBHTeJlbHO He OT5DKeJTeeT.

Korna Bbl, HaKOHeu, orxpoere rnaaa, TO nO'-lYBCTByeTe, lITO BaWIl MbIWUbl paCCJTa6HJTHCb H nOTenJTeJTH.

1l0BTOpHTe 3TO yrtpaxnemte euie llBa HJTH TpH pasa 3311eHb. 'Iepea HeCKOJTbKO llHeH Bbl 6blCTpO naynrrecs «nenan, T5DKeJTOH CBOJO PYKY». 3aTeM CMeHHTe '-IaCTb TeJTa, nOBTopHTe 3TO ynpaxnenne C JleBOH PYKOH, rrpasoa noroit. Korna Bbl rrpopafioraere 3TO ynpaxnemre CO BceMH lIaCT5IMH rena, norn.rranrecs «cnenars T5DKeJTbIM» BCe CBOe TeJTO.

YTIPA)l(HEHllE2

Cszu.re aa CTOJT, nOJIO)!(HTe na Hero JIOKTH H 060npHTeCb na HHX. 1l0JTO)!(HTe rOJTOBY aa pyKH H 3aKpOHTe rJ133a. Harrpassre CEOe BHHMaHHe na TbMY, KOTOPYJO Bbl BHllHTe nepen cofioji. «OTrOH5ItiTe» CBeTJTble narna H

3mo ynpascuenue naysum eac omtcuowamu» am 6HeWHlIX paiopascumeieu u «ouuenmpu-

ceTKH. KOTOpbJe MeJIbKaJOT nepen BaWHMH p060mbCfI na

r Jla3aM H, 11 ar Jl5111bl na thecb B LJ H CTYJO me\IHml HJ1l-ITO. HenpOrJI5IllHYJO TeMHOTY. 1l0BTOPHB 3TO

ynpaxnemte B re-reane HeCKOJTbKHX llHeti, Bbl

3aMeTHTe, '-ITO MO)!(eTe nerxo norpyxcarsca BO

TbMY, ensa 3aKpbIB BeKH.

YTIPA)l(HEHME 3

Cazn.re na CTYJT nep xa cnHHY nps vo. 3aKpotiTe rnaaa. 3aTeM MelIJIeHHO BJlOXHHTe H BblllOXHHTe. Bnsrxajire -repea HOC, a BbIllblxaHTe -repes CJTerKa rrpuorxpurt.nt pOT. Cocpenoro-n.recs TOJTbKO na CBOeM llhlxaHIlH H na TOM, 'ITO Bbl '-IYBCTByeTe, snstxaa H

5

lluxamensnue ynpa.JlCHeHufi - »no npoeepeunuu cnocoi paCC1a6UmbCfI e .uoooe epest» U 6 JlI0(jOJl1 stecme.

Ha MHOrHe CH'ryaUHH, xoropsre IferO-TO OT HaC Tpe6YIOT, Mbi CMOTPHM C onacenaeu: KaK MHe C 3THM cnpasarscs? A He JIyqIlle 6bI MHe OT aroro OTKa3aTbCR, KaK H pansure? 51 He)lOCTaTOlfHO nO)lroTOBJIeH ... 51 He MOry ce6R 3aCTaBHTb... 51 He YMelO nsrcrynarr, nepen aymrropnea ... TIO)106Hbie COMHeHHR H crpaxn

napaJIH3YlOT uaunr aneprenorecxne peaepssr. xoropsre )lOJDKHbi npHXO)lHTb K HaM na nonours npa Heo6xo)]HMOCTH. Herarnanun

Y eac eceeoa ecms

Cmpax 6600um 6

nepenoe u

HanpJlJK:iiHHoe

cocmosnue.

[J0J20JICUmeJIbHbIU nacmpou sueeuoupyem

cmpax.

603MOJfCHOCfIlb npeocmaeume ce6e u06b12pamb cumyauuto, c «omopcaeo« npexmoum

BbI)]bIxaR. TIpO)lOJI)!(aitTe nsnuars B TOM )!(e pHTMe KaK MO)!(HO norrsure, KOHueHTpHpYHCb HCKJIlOlfHTeJIbHO na CBOeM )lbrxaHHH.

YTIPAJKHEHlIE4

iracrpon, KOTOPblit ueJIHKOM 3aBHCHT OT Hac, ne nae r Hac 3JIbIMH, HepBHbIMH H HanPH)!(eHHbIMH.

naHHoe ynpa)!(HeHHe HaYlfHT Bac «nporpaxoaapoaarr, cefis TOJIbKO na nOJIO)!(HTeJIbHbie MbICJIH H 3M0IJJ1H». TIPH 3TOM

S:;:;;;JI: Bbi raxxe uay-nrrecs cnoxoano OTHOCHTbCR K 6bl6yiJemeY6epeHHbi Tpe60BaHHRM H 06R3aHHOCTRM, H36aBHrycb OT Ui!Om06b/K crpaxa nepezr HHMH.

HeOJKurJaHHocl1!JlM. Bee npoarpsrsaerca B roJIOBe: CHJIoit csoero aootipaxenas Bbi coanaere KapTHHY ror-o , 'ITO BaM npe)lCTOHT C)]eJIaTb, O)!(l1)]aeMoe noseaenne; YlfaCTBYlOlUHX JIIO)]eit; naura neacrsns H B03MO)!(Hbie peaKUHH, - TaK )leTaJIbHO, HaCKOJIbKO 3TO B03MO)!(HO.

66

Coanarrre B CBOeM B006p(l)!(eHlfH, TaK CKa3aTb, BaW C06CTBeHHbIH «¢>HJIbM», B KOTOPOM BbI HaXOLJ,HTeCb B CJIO)!(HOH cHTyaUHH, H TO, KaK BbI BbIKpYTHTeCb H3 nee. BbI MO)!(eTe MHOrOKpaTHO otisrrpsrsart, CHzyaUHIO H saury pOJIb B 3TOM «¢>HJIbMe».

Ba)!(HO TO, 'lTO BH3yaJIH3aUH51 cHTyaUHH 1l0JI)!(Ha 6blTb rrpeLJ,eJIbHOH TO'IHOH H rrOLJ,P06HOH, 'IT06bI aKTHBHpOBaTb BCe opranu qyBCTB. BbI npencraanaere ce6e He TOJIbKO TO, 'ITO BbI cxaxere CBoeMY urerpy rra CJIeLl)'IOIUHH LJ,eHb H KaK aaur uredi rrOBeLJ,eT paarosop, HO rrpeLJ,CTaBJI5IeTe ce6e LJ,a)!(e caM Ka6HHeT urerpa BO acex LJ,eTaJI5IX: Me6eJIb, KOMHaTHYIO resmeparypy, rOJIOC cexperaps aa LJ,BepbIO ... npOKPYTHTe B roJIOBe 3TY CHzyaUHIO OT Ha'IaJIa LJ,O KOHua, BBOLJ,51 raxxe nenpennanemrste cHTyaUHH, xoropsre MorYT B03HHKHYTb. I1ToroM 51BHTC5I TO, 'ITO Bbl 6YLJ,eTe MOPaJIbHO rorosu K npeLJ,CT05lIUHM C06bITH5IM, ofiperere sepy B c06CTBeHHble CHJIbl.

Ilponepsre 3TOT MeTOLJ, paCCJIa6JIeHlf51 na npnsiepe LJ,BYX THrrH'IHbIX cHTyaUHH, B KOTOPbIX MHorHe JIIOLJ,H HepBHH'IaIOT H 'lYBCTBYIOT ce651 neysepetnro.

TaKHM 06pa30M CJIeLJ,yeT rOTOBHTbC5I. B npmnnme, K JII060MY JaLJ,aHlfIO HJIH peuremno npoonenu, Tpe6yIOIUHM KOHueHTPaUHH. nJI5I 3Toro BaM CJIeLJ,yeT OCTaHOBHTbC5I Ha «CO'lHHeHHH» saurero JIH'lHOrO «cuenapaa». Ilpn rrOMOIUH onpeLJ,eJIeHHbIX BorrpOCOB BbI LJ,OJI)!(HbJ CLJ,eJIaTb HeCKOJIbKO aanncen. B LJ,aJIbHeHWeM BbI 6YLJ,eTe LJ,eJIaTb ace MbICJIeHHO, HO BCefLJ,a rrpHLJ,ep)!(HBaHTeCb rpex OCHOBHbIX npasan:

67

geHb

Oiuepueaume «6 C60eM euympenneu rjJUAbMe» KaK MOJICHO 60JlbUJe Pa3!lU'IH ux cumyauuu, npooyume ce6R 6 CaM bIX pain ux JXifIfIX.

K coaeCe00130HUlO c.Ieoyem

20m06UmbCJI ocnoeamensno. TO,lbKO mOK et« eapaumupyeme

cetie, «mo iieceda ayoem ceoooouou u He HOnpHJlcf;HHOU.

npelICTaBJUIHTe ce6e ctrryaumo KaK MO)I(HO neransnee,

Flpoarpuaaure BCIO cHTyaUHIO OT uaxana 110 KOHua.

Yl.JHTbIBaHTe no B03MO)!(HOCTH KaK MO)!(HO 60Jlbllle BapHaHTOB.

CMTY AllIHI 1

Bu YCTpaHBaeTeCb na pa60TY B OlIHY H3 senyuntx q)HPM ropona. 1l0JI)!(HOCTb rpefiyer OT sac BbICOKOV. KBaJlwl)HKauHH H 60JlblllOH OTBeTCTBeHHOCTH. Bawe 3aHBJleHl1e 0 npHeMe na pa60TY 6bUIO paCCMOTpeHO, H aac npHrJlaCHJIH ua cofieceno aan ae . K c06eCelIOBaHHIO C B03MO)!(HbIM pa6OTOlIaTeJIeM BbI OCHOBaTeJIbHO rOTOBHTeCb, npHMeHH5I rtpn 3TOM asnue paCCMOTpeHHYIO TeXHHKY BH3YaJlH3aUHH. Haripocaure B HeCKOJlbKHX CJIOBaX «CUeHapHH» c06ecelIoBaHH5I.

Bonpocu:

KaKHMH cnoc06HOCT5IMH H CHJlbHblMH croponasm 51 06JIalIalO, l.JT06bI 3aH5ITb 3TY 1I0Jl)!(HOCTb?

KaKHe CHJIbHbIe CTOPOHbI CBoeH JIHl.JHOCTH 51 Mory HCnOJlb30BaTb, l.JT06bI cooecenonanne 3aKOHl.JHJIOCb B MOIO nOJIb3Y?

68

C KaKl1MH COMHeHH5IMl1 H OnaCeHH5IMH 51 nOH.LIY na c06eCenOBaHHe?

KaK 6bI pa3BHBaJIC5I paarosop .LI)UI MeWI B Ilpeocmaeumnreie,

smo no OKOH'IIlHlIU coieceooeanuu eac 6epym Ha potomy, - sua-um. npuoams ceDe 11QJ1IJJIC1II1U!!JbHJIO Momueau,wo

'{ro 6bIJIO 6bl JlJHI MeH5I HemKHnaHHbiM H u xopouiuu nacmpou. HenpH5ITHbiM EO BpeM5I paarosopa? Ha KaKHe

BOnpOCbI MHe He XOTeJl0Cb 6bI oraesars? KaK

6bl 51 na HHX OTBen1Jl?

KaK 51 npenCTaBJJ5I1O ce6e csoero cooeceznraxa? KaK BeJll1KO nojreuienae? KaK 06CTaBJleHO? KaKOBa aKYCTl1Ka Ka6HHeTa? KaK Mbi 6yneM cnzters?

69

Ilpeocmaeneuue OnHIIJHTe BO BCeX nO,lJ,p06HOCT5IX H B 603MO:JICHblX XPOHOJIOlW-lecKOM nopanxe XO,lJ, co6ece,lJ,OBaHH5I:

coiumuu.etououu 6

OT MOMeHTa, xorna BbI BXO,lJ,HTe B xa HHeT, nenpusmuue

,lJ,0 BaIIJerO npOIIJaJIbHOrO pYKonO)!(aTH5I C

BaIIJHM c06eCe,lJ,HHKoM. Y'IHTbIBaHTe see

noeopomu, «omopue MO:JICem npuusms pa32060p.

GzerJyem 6blmb 20m06bIM 1(0 6CeM

603MO:JICHblM cumyauusu. Tal( 6bl6yrJeme '1Y6cm606amb ce6J/ yeepeunee.

BapHaHTbI.

ClfTYAUIUI2

Y oznroro H3 BaIIIHX KOJIJIer no paoore 106HJIeH, H Bhl B351JIHCh BhlcTYnHTb C pe'IhlO B ero 'IeCTb. npHCYTCTBOBaTh 6Y,lJ,eT sees ornen. KOHe'IHO, BbI npezmapnrensno HanHIIJHTe TeKCT pe-ru. Ho TOJIbKO ororo He ,lJ,OCTaTO'IHO, 'IT06bl qyBCTBOBaTb ce651 ysepemro H cnOKOHHO B 3TOH cHTyaUHH. MHorHM H3 Hac pezixo npe,lJ,CTaBJrneTC5I B03MO)!(H0CTb ssrcrynars nepen 60JIhIIIOH aY,lJ,HTOpHeH, n03TOMY HepB03HOCTh, BOJIHeHHe - BnOJIHe 06hI'IHhle BeIIJH.

BbI TO)!(e OTHOCHTeCh K TaKHM JIlOJUIM? Torna BaM npOCTO He06xo,lJ,HMO nponrpan, y ce651 B rOJIOBe npe,lJ,CT05lIIJee BhICTYfIJIeHHe. BcnOMHHTe, KaK 06hI'IHO BhlfJI5I.lUIT JIlO,lJ,H, xoropsre 6y,lJ,yT na serepe, OC06eHHO TeX, nepen KeM BhI ucrrsrrsrsaere qyBCTBO crpaxa H 60HTeCh OKa3aTbC5I nepezt HHMH HeJIOBKHM. KaK BhI

70

onenerecs, KaK BbI 6YlleTe )KeCTMKYJIHpOBaTb, CMOTpeTb na aymrropmo. Ilpencrassre ce6e nouemeune, Me6eJIb, YKpalIIeHH5I, CBeT, aKYCTHKY. Ilpeztcransre ce6e MeCTO, me 6YlleT HaxOllHTbC5I106HJI5Ip, me BbI; C KeM BbI 6YlleTe BCTpe'IaTbC5I rJIa3aMH. KaKHM 6YlleT Bblpa)!(eHHe sainero nnrra, npn BCTpe'Ie C KeM-HH6Yllb rnasaun. Ilpencrassre ce6e, 'ITO BbI 6YlleTe lleJIaTb nepell Ha'IanOM CBoeM pe'IM, KaK npH30BeTe ayznrropmo K THlIIHHe. Kaxava 6yllYT BalIIM nepssre CJIOBa?

06paTMTe BHHMaHHe na CBOH )KeCTbI, ocanxy, TeM6p rOJIOca M na TO, C KaKOM CKOPOCTblO BbI 6YlleTe roBOPHTb. KaK BbI 3aKOH'IHTe pe-n, B 'IeCTb 106HJI5Ipa? I1 B KOHue KOHUOB YTOHeTe B arIJIOllHCMeHTax npHCYTCTByIDlllHX ...

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g£!Hb

Bonneuue - 3mo xopouee «auecmeo. OHD eupascaem 6bICOKJ7IO eomoesocms K «onuenmpauuu, xomopas HyJICHa OJlfl ycneuatoeo petuesu« 603HuKlUeu 3aoalfu.

Bucmynnenue nepeo ayoumopueii eceeoa eusueaem cmpax. Ilooopom» em nouoeaem OCH06amf!JlbHaJI noiJzom06KG

u npouepueanue cumyauuu.

71

Humepec uepaem HepeD,KO MbI CJIbIWHM lKaJIo6bI OT WKOJIbHbIX OaHY U3 peiuatouiux Y'lHTeJIeH, 'lTO o-rem, rpYD,HO 3aHHTepeCOBaTb ponei: npu ysaunrxcs. CYIll,eCTByeT TeCHaH CB5I3b Me)l(J],Y xonuenmpauuu.

JIH'lHOH 3aHHTepeCOBaHHocTblO H KOHueH1paUHeH. HeB<UKHo H3-33 -rero B HaC rrp06y)1(JJ.3eTC5I

HI-ITepeC H OTKYD,a B03HHKalOT MOTHBbI JJ,JI5I ocofioro BHHMaHH5I K 'leMY-HH6YD,b. 83)KHO TOJ!bKO TO, 'lTO rrpn HaJIH'lHH MOTHBaUHH B03MO)I(Ha rrOBbIWeHHa51 KOHueHrpaUH5I. CaMO C060H pa3YMeeTC5I, He scerna MbI, BbII10JIH5I5I KaKYlQ-JIH60 pa60TY, HMeeM ortpeztenennujt MOTHB. Mnorue BeWH MbI D,eJIaeM 6e3 ocoooro 3HTY3Ha3Ma, xepea CHJIY, a D,pyrnMH D,eJIaMH MbI XOTeJIH 6bI 3aHHMaTbC5I 'laCaMI1. J1JIH HaM

XO'leTCH separs B TO. 'ITO Y Hac rr05lBHTC5I Jltoioe 3aOOHue uacrpoenne BO BpeM5I caMOH paooru. )lYMaeTe 6ydem 6(1/11 no

cunau, eG1U 6ydeme JIH 0 HerrpH5ITHOM nncsve, xoropoe BaM

nooxooumi,« neuy rrpeD,CTOHT nanncan., HJIH 0 D,OKJIaD,e, HO nrrOCJIeD,CTBHH BaM He OCTaeTC5I HH'lero HHOro, KaK B3HTbCH aa D,eJIo. Ho 6e3 rrOJIQ)KI1TeJIbHOI1 MOTHBaUHH H HaCTpOeHH5I BbI 6JIOKHPY-

ere CBOIO crrocotiaocrs

C nacmpoenueu u sauumepecosanuocmuo.

KOHueHTpHpOBaTbCH. 4ysCTBO «06513aJIOBKM» npeofinanae r HaD, HHTepeCOM.

KAK H CEEH MOTlIBlIPYIO?

Ka)l()J,bIH )J,CHb MbI CTaJ1KHBaCMC5I C ClfTyaUH5IMH, Tpc6ylOWHMH MOTHBaUHH. MO)l(HO HaY'!HTbC5I HaCTpaHBaTb cc651 n0J10)l(HTCJ1bHO, sanaaars cc6e nOJIO)l(HTCJ1bHbIC MOTHBbi. 3TO CnOC06HOCTb, KOTOPYlO BbI MO)l(CTC nOJ1y'!HTb, '!T06bI n0J10)l(HTCJ1bHO cc651 MOTHBHpOBaTb B TCX cHTyaUH5IX, xorna 3a)laHHC He BbI3bIBaCT y sac mrrepeca.

YMCTb cc651 MOTHBHpOBaTb oaaaxaer: 3aMCH5ITb OTpHuaTCJ1bHbIC 3MOUHH aa n0J10)l(HTCJ1bHbIC;

06pa3HO YMCHbwaTb np061ICMbI,

«nponycxan, HX MHMO CC6H»;

peuiars np06J1CMbI cpasy, a HC OTKJ1a)J.blBaTb H nOCTOHHHO )lYMaTb 0 HHX B TeMHOM CBCTC.

QTO, 3TO COECTBEHHO, 03HAlJAET? OrCYTCTBHC HaCTpOCHH51 - 3TO HC HCH36C)l(HOC COCT05lHHC. Ha 3TO Ka)l()lbIH CMOTPHT noCBOCMY, HO BbI )lOJ1)1(HbI Ha),,!HTbC5I H3MCH5ITb CBOH B3fJ151)l na Tpc60BaHH5I, aana-nr, na pa60TY, KOTOPYIO HC06XO)lHMO BbInOJ1HHTb. O)lHaKO 3TO HH B KOCM cny-iae HC )lOJ1)1(HO 03Ha'!aTb, '!TO TO, '!TO pansuie )J,]]51 aac 6bIJ10 pyn1HOH H BbI3bIBaJIO TOWHOTY, reneps B)lPYf CTaJ10 caMblM HHTCPCCHblM H J1106HMbIM 3aH5ITHCM. 3allaHHC aanucan, onpC)lCJ1eHHOC nHCbMO MO)l(CT nOKa3aTbC5I BaM HCHHTCPCCHbIM. O)lHaKO BbJ MO)l(CTC uart, cc6e n0J10)l(HTCJ1bHYlO MOTHBaUHlO, CKa3aB, nanpavep: «Harnrcas 3TO nHCbMO, 51 YJ1a)l(Y CJ10)l(HBWHCCH np06J1CMbI H H3BJ1CKY H3 3TOfO onpC)lCJ1eHHYlO n0J1b3Y». 111m: «51 noxaxy

73

[J03umUBHoe omnotuenue nouoeaem u36oBUmbCJIOm HeZGlnUBHOZO uacmpos II mesiuux siucie«. Ilumaumecs nocmpaueamscs HO mo, «mo 113 eceeo AlO.JlCHO useneu. onpeiJeleHHYIO nOllb3}.

Cnp06UIlIbCH C HeUHllIepeCHbHI U 010.JlCllbW 30rJOHUeAl ,1I0.JlCHO npu nOAWUJ,U npeyuenuaeuu» smou npotueuu 6 6UiJe 06po306.

caMOMY ce6e H oxpyx ato tunv , 'ITO 51 rrpOcPeCCHOHaJI B CBOeM nene, eCJlH 51 6hICTPO HanHWY rrHChMO H BOBpeM5I ero OTnpaBJlIO». ECJlH BaM 4aCTO npHxo.uHTC5I 3aHHMaThC5I HeHHTepeCHhIMH )],Jl51 nac neurawa, TO xame oopautajire BHHMaHHe na rtoaooasre acnexrsr, H3 KOTOPhIX BhI MO)!(eTe H3BJle'-lh rronssy.

uomueu C60llX

HmG.JlCHO KGK eu M OTHBHPYHTe ce651 rrOJlO)!(HTeJl hH hI MH onpeoenume ueJl5lMH, KOTOPhlX Bhl 6hI XOTeJlH .uOCTH'-Ih!

nocmynxoe.

Ilpuoepscueaumecs nO;1O.JlCUm01bHOCO HGCmpOH U 3JWOI.{UU, eciu xomume oocmu-u, ycnexa.

J.13MeHHTh csoe OTHoweHHe K Tpy.uHhIM, HeHHTepeCHhIM H rrp06JleMHhlM .ueJlaM MO)!(HO, HCnOJlh3Y51 TeXHHKY npeyae nsureu aa. YMeHhWHTe KOJlH'-IeCTBO npofine v , CBaJIHBWHXC5I ua BaWH nne-nr rrpn ITOMOlll,H 06pa30B. YMeHhWHTe B CBoeM sooopaxenmr 06beM aana-r. koropue BaM ueooxonavo peunrrs. TaK, uanpnvep , rrOCMOTpHTe na MHHyTHylO CTpeJlKY 4aCOB, pe-n, H.ueT HCKJlIO'-IHTeJlhHO 0 15 MHHYTax, xoropsre BaM rroTpe6YIOTC5I ua nartucan ae ITHChMa. Y6e.uHTeCh, KaKOH 3TO He3Ha'-lHTeJlhHhIH OTpe30K BpeMeHH. ECJlH )!(e BaM T5I)!(eJlO H rrocne sroro na-rart, rnrcart, rrHChMO, rorna nOCTYrrHTe CJle.uYIOlll,HM 06pa30M: npencraasre rtpofinejry B BH.ue ofipaaa, uarrpasiep B BH.ue CThI'-IKH C BaWHM .uOMOBJla.ueJlhueM, rzte rrOCJle.uHHH BhIcTynaeT B POJlH aanupncroro 60HUOBoro neryxa. IlO.uKJlIO'-IHTe nee CBOH peaepssr cPaHTa3HH H YMeHhwHTe 3TOT 06pa3 war aa urarov. BhI YBH.uHTe, '-ITO TaKHM 06pa30M BhI ocaofioxnaerecs OT .uYPHOro

74

HaCTpOeHH5I H rrperr5ITCTBHH na rryrn BbIrrOJIHeHH5I 3auaHH5I.

Il oc rerten no YMeHbWaHTe KOJIHy.eCTBO rrp06JIeM, CBaJIHBWHXC5I n a BaC, H OCB060)f()J,aHTeCb )J,JI5I MOTHBHpOBaHHbIX nocrynxoa' ~OTHBHpOBaTb ce651 3Hay.HT, rrpocro npacryrnrn, K .-. .. ..,.ot:_:t! __ ~*I.itlI;l;S;U~y pa6are.

31'0 3ByY.HT napanoxcansno, TaK KaK cna-rana HaM 06bIY.HO TPY)J,HO Hay.aTb pa60TY,

xorna HeT nnrepeca.

qTO )f(e )J,0JI)f(H0 rrpnnars HaM MOT11BaUHH B caMOM na-rane? Mnorne JIIO)J,H HaxO)J,5lTC5I non BO:meHCTBHeM 3aKOHa HHepTHOCTH: OTJIO)f(HM na sasrpa TO, Y.TO He XOTHM )J,eJIaTb ceronna. TIPH 3TOM nopon pe-n. nner 0 seutax, xoropue MO)f(HO C)J,eJIaTb scero aa rrapy MHHyr. qacTo MbI nntopnpye« yxe rrOJIyY.eHHbIH orrsrr 'roro, 'ITO MbI )J,eJIaJIH B TOH HJIH HHOH <popMe: MbI Hay.HHaeM HHTepecOBaTbC5I rorna, xorna Hay.HHaeM BbIfTOJIH5ITb TO HJIH mroe sanaane. MOTHBal.(H5I y Hac rr05IRJI51eTC5I ~e B rrpouecce pa60TbI. KaK H3BeCTHO, armenrr rrpHXO)J,HT EO BpeM5I ensr.

'Ie» rJoJ1bUle eu omunaoueaeme CmpUJlCKY 2a30Ha, meu eutue pacmem ua HeM mpaea.

C06epHTeCb C )J,YXOM H 3aCTaBbTe ce65I na-ran, paoorars!

75

Yncnume d,/R ce6J1 mpu OCH06llblX npaeuia ons moeo, 'IttlO6bl "liOmU611- poeame ce6J1"

Haysnrrect, MOTM BMpOBaTb ce651" Korna BaM npe)lCTOHT BbI nOJ1HMTb CJ10)l(HYIO H HeMHTepeCHYIO pa60TY, oopauiaarecs K HM)Ke npMBeLl,eHHbIM sorrpocaa H ynpa)!<HeHM51M"

YTIPA)J(HEHME 1

B HeCKOJlbKHX cnosax OnMIlHITe Bailly 06bl'IHYIO paoory HJ1H 06513aHHOCTb, KOTOPYIO Bbl c-nrraere HeHHTepecHoH M 06peMeHHTeJ1bHOH, H nOCT05fHHO OTKl131lblBaeTe ee BbIflOJlHeHMe" KaK 6bl Bbl MOfJ1H MOTHBv.pOBaTb ce65I Ll,J15f BbIflOJ1HeHH5f 3TOH pa60TbI'?

3TY nesrrensnocrs 51 nOCT05fHHO OTKJ1a)lbIBaIO B Ll,OJ1fMH 5fWHK, HeCMOTp5f na TO, 'ITO MHe He06xom1MO ee BbIflOJlHHTb"

A - na paoore

E - )lOMa

Ecnn 51 BbIflOJ1H5fIO, B KOHue KOHUOB, 3Ty pa60TY, TO 51 naxoxy B Heil CJ1eLl,YIOWHe npeusryutecrua:

A

1. Hacrpanaairrecs ua nOJlO)KHTeJlbHblH HTOr.

2. Ilpeyvem.urairre rtpotineuu.

3. Ilpucrynaitre K pafiore cpasy.

B OCHOBHOM 51 He MOry CBblKH)'TbC5I C ,>THM Bl1.UOM ne5ITeJlbHOCTI1:

A

3TY pa60TY 51 HaYI1HalO BbInOJlH5ITb CJlenYlOWHM 06pa30M:

A
Ilepnsrn war
BpeM51
D
Jlepsstn urar
BpeM5I 77

AK4eHni Ha nO,IOJfCllmeJ1bHOM acnetcme iatuutuaem am Jftpa~IIMJ neCCUArU3Ma,

am onaceuuu, uacmpaueaem ua ycnex.

YIIPA)KHEHME2

[Jpu peWeHUU Orraunrre CEOl1 nOOCeJIHeBHhle, nOBTOpmoIIU1ec51. saoa« oysaume He l130 ,UH5I. B ,UeHh 0651.3aHHOCTl1. Ilonynrre mOAbKO 0 none npe,UCTaBJ1eHl1e 0 TOM, CKOJ1hKO speueua ceoeu npopec- TPe6yeTc5I. BaM aa l1X BhIITOJ1HeHl1e.

CUOHGJlbHOii

oesmeiutocmu, HO

0606cex cmoponax 3auaHl1e ,UOJDKHO 6hITh BhIITOJ1HeHO, HeCMOTP5I.

6aweu JlCU3HU. na TO, 'ITO MHe OHO )')Ke HauOeJ10.

Kmo npucmynaem K 6blnOAHeHUIO 3aOaHUJl cpasy, mom ne oacm n0600a neccuuucmuneacouy HacmpolO iaxnecmnyms ceti«

MHe He06xo,Ul1MO na BhInOJ1HeHl1e 3TOrO

3auaHl15I Ml1HYT.

YIIP A)KHEHME 3

ECJ1l1 BhI nOCT05IHHO OTKJ1a,UhIBaeTe na HeOnpe,UeJ1eHHhIM CpOK BhInOJ1HeHl1e KaKOMJ1l160 pa60ThI, TO BaM He06xo,Ul1MO peryJ15IpHO ce65I MOTl1Bl1pOBaTh: 3aCTaBl1Th ce651. np"CTYTI"Tb K pafiore l1 rronepim, B TO, 4TO 3Ta paoora He3aMeTHO 3al1HTepeCOBaJ1a sac. B 3TOM cnyrae MOTI1BaUl15I CB5I3aHa C nepBhIM TOJ1qKOM K Ha4aJ1Y pa60TbI, a He C caMOM pa60TOM.

Ilonpooyrrre MOTI1Bl1pOBaTb ce651., 3aHl1Ma5ICh PYTI1HHhIM l1 nanoeaunrv ,UeJ10M: narrncaanea ,UJ1I1HHOrO nenosoro nl1ChMa, paapatiorxon npeae ar aun a. 4TeHl1eM CJ10)l(HOM cneundimecxort KHl1rH, coprnposxoa CTOnKl1 rpororpadma, nPl1Be3eHHhIX l13 OTnYCKa. C5I,UhTe sa CTOJ1. B03bMl1Te BCe, 4TO BaM nOHauo6l1TC5I. ,UJ15I BbIITOJ1HeHl15I pa6OTbI. 3areM cocpenoro-rsrecs na Ha4aJ1e; na nepsos, ware, KOTOPhIM BbI nenaere, upucrynna K pafiore.

7

Ilocne BbI y)!(e rrpOCTO ztosenere pafiory no KOHua. BbI aaxrerure, ewe CI1,Il51 aa pa60TOH, qTO nac OXBaTblBaeT rrpl151THOe qYBCTBO roro, qTO C O,IlHI1M ,IleJIOM n a CerO,IlH5I BbI rrOKOH'Il1JII1.

Y xoro HeT ueJII1, TOT Hl1qerO He ,Il06beTC5I. 11, naofiopor: y xoro ecrs uens, TOT 3HaeT OI1Tl1MaJIbHbIe rtynr K ,IlOCTl1)!(eHHIO 3TOH ueJII1. lJTo6bI ny-nue KOHueHTpl1pOBaTbC5I, HaM Heo6xo,IlI1Mbl TOQHa51 uens 11 nnan naumx ,IleHCTBI1H. ECJII1 MbI 3Tl1M He pacnonaraev, TO Mbl JII1WeHbI o6beKTa, na KOTOPbIH MOrJIl1 6bI HarrpaBJI5ITb CBOe BHI1MaHHe, 11 MbI paCXO)JyeM 6eCueJIbHO CBOH 3HepreTmecKHH rrOTeHUl1aJI.

79

Hemn0600a 2pycmumb. Momueupyume ce6Jl MbiC/lbHJ 0 mOM, IWK 6bl cetin 6yaeme 60J11XOmHO '1Y6cm606amb, pasoenaeiuucs c uenaeucmnou 6GM 06H3aHHocmbHJ.

Opeauusoeams ce6Jl osuasaem He mOJlbKO onpeoenums KOHe'lHYHJ uem, HO U ycmauoeums npoMeJKYmO'lHble u,eJlu.3mo cnoccocmeyem uomueauuu.

K cmanoapmnouy nsanupoeantuo ,110JICHO omnecmu pQ3pa60mKY nnana ua oeu«, neoeuo. MeCRl{, a maioce onpeoeaeuue npuopumemoe u

eneceuue

usuenenuu e 2OmOObiU /liJQII.

HEOBXO,I(MMO TIJlAHlfPOBAHME

DbIBaeT ]Hf C BaMH TaK, YTO B re-iemre paoo-rero )lH5I rrepezt BaMl1 CTaB5ITC5I BCe HOBbIe H HOBbIe Tpe60BaHl15I H 3anaHl15I, C KOTOPbIMH Bbl He ycrresaere CrrpaBJI5ITbC}I? VI BaM rrpHXOJll1TC5I 6paTbC5I TO 33 O)lHO ]leJIO, TO aa zipyroe, YT06bl BCe ycners C)leJI3Tb BOBpeM5I. OTCYTCTBHe rrJIaHHpOB3Hl15I rrpHBO)lHT K OTCYTCTBl1l0 KOHueHTpaUHH, TaK KaK HaWH M blCJI H pacrr bIJI5IIOTC51, M bI H 3 II HHaeM nepnna-rart, BMeCTO roro, YT06bI paoorars crrOKOHHO H cOCpe)lOTOYeHHo. TOT, KTO XOyeT YJIYYWl1Tb CBOIO cnocoonocn, KOHueHTpHpOBaTbC5I, )lOJI)I(eH KOHTPOJIHPOB3Tb opraHH3aUHIO npouecca BbIITOJIHeHH5I paooru.

CAMbIE HE3HA qMTEJIbHbIE IIIAfM BE,I(YT K YCTIEXY

IlJIaHOMepHo JIl1 BbI paooraere B odmce H noxra, nponomrre JIH ITJIaHOMepHO CBOe CB060)lHOe BpeM5I? Onpenenaere JIH BbI uemr, xoropsre BbI ]lOJI)I(HbI )lOCTHYb K Orrpe)leJIeHHOMY CPOKY? Pacrtacusaere JIH BbI rrJI3H na )leHb, He)leJIIO, Mec5IU, B KOTOPOM BbI onpenensere npHOpHTeTbI H rrOCJIe)lOBaTeJIbHOCTb nen, xoropsre BaM nano cnenars? Opaetrrupyereci, JIl1 BbI rrOTOM na CBOH pacrnrcanuuji rro rrYHKTaM ITJIaH, )lorrOJIH5IeTe JIl1 ero? Pacnncueaere JIH BbI rro urarav CTp3Terl11O JlJI5I BbIITOJIHeHl15I xaxoroJIH60 oc060 CJIO)!(Horo 3anaHH5I? C06CTBeHHO nnamrposanne JII060i1 )le5ITeJIbHOCTH aener K YJIYYWeHl1lO opr3HH3aUl1H, rrOBbIweHHIO waHCOB Ha ycrrex H 3HaYHTeJIbHOMY YJ1YYWeHI1IO KOHueHTPaUHl1.

BbI MO)J(eTe cnenoaars 3TI1M COBeTaM B CBoeH 6ynHwIHoH neSneJlbHOCTH. Bu CMO)J(eTe paUHOHaJlbHO HCnOJlb30BaTb CBOH 3HepreTWIeCKUe peaepsu 11 cnoc06HOCTH, He rparx HX nonycry.

COBET l-u

Harnmnrre ce6e nnan na neHb. B KOHue 11,111 B Ha4aJTe nnana nannunrre BCe, 'ITO BaM H~HO nenpevenuo cnenars. KaK npaanno, B 3TOT cnHCOK nonanaeT MHoro neJl. BKJl10411Te B Cnl1COK TaK)J(e re MOMeHTbI, xorna BbI 6yneTe rOBOpl1Tb no Tene¢OHY, nepepsmu, naysu, 6ecenbI C xonneraun. 3anl1IllHTe re zte.n a , xo rop sre c.nenye r cne.n art, He orxnanuaas l1X na cnenYIOIlll1M neHb, a re , xoropue MorYT nonoxzrart., nepeaecnre B nnan Ha neHb srtepen. Cpenn OCTaBIlll1XCSI nen Bbl.IlenliTe npnoparerusre. Kaxne nena MoryT nono xna rt., a xax ne HeT? n pOHYMepYHTe Ka)J(.IlbIH Bl1n nearem.nocra COI'naCHO ero npnopnrery. He nOJleHHTeCb nepenHcaTb nJlaH Ha411CTO, ynopSln0411B neooxomutue nena cornacno I1X nepapxmt. Torna BaM 6yneT nerve Opl1eHTlipOBaTbCSI B npencroaurev nne.

Ha4HHTe cpasy C nepBOH npencrosnuea 3analfl1 H pa60TaMTe no rex rrop, noxa He 3aKOHlfHTe. HanpOTHB 3anHCH B nnane nH5I nOCTaBbTe «nTH4Ky». 4TO 6yneT 03HaQaTb, l{T0 3Ta aana-ra ssntomrena. H rorna nepeXOID1Te K CJlenYlOmeH.

COBET 2-0

60 MH020M 3a6UCUm

Ycnetuuoe Y K3)K)],OrO qeJIOBeKa ecrs CBOH C06CTBeHHbIH ilJWHUp06aHUeOHfl 6HOpHTM. OpraHH3M CaM peuraer, xorna eMY

om eaueeo tiuopumua.

Kpeamueuocms U «ouueumpauu« iJoAJlCHbl coenaoams c UHmeHCU6HocmbIO n0516.1eHUfl H06bLX mpetioeanuu U saoanuu.

Ilenaume 3aMemKU, «oeoaeac omeieauom: 6aM moeoa 6yiJem nee«

CJIelIYeT HCrrOJIb30BaTb CBOH aneprernsecxae pesepsst, xorna HeT. 06paTHTe BHHMaHHe, B xaxoe BpeM5I Ll,H5I Y sac rrousnuaerca rrpOH3BOLl,HTeJIbHOCTb H Bhl qYBCTByeTe cPH3HQeCKHH H Ll,YXOBHbIH norrse«, ECJIH BbI 06bIQHO aKTHBHbI rro YTpaM, TO BbIITOJIH5IHTe B 3TO BpeM5I re 3aLl,aQH, xoropsre Tpe6YJOT OT nac YCHJIHH H KOHUeHTpaUHH.

OCTaBbTe PYTHHHble nena na OCTaTOK Ll,H5I, xorna Barna rrpOH3BOLl,HTeJIbHOCTb naaaer.

COBET 3-0

COCTaBJI5IHTe nnan na rrpOLl,OJT)KHTeJIbHbIH OTpe30K BpeMeHH.

3arrHcbIBa51 npaoparernue nena, YCTaHOBHTe, B KaKOH HMeHHO Ll,eHb (xaxoe 3TO 6YLl,eT QHCJIO H Ll,eHb HeLl,eJIH) BbI 6YLl,eTe BbIITOJIH5ITb 3TO sanamre.

COBET 4-0

KOHeQHO, rnraa Ll,H5I He BKJIIOQaeT B ce651 're MOMeHTbI, xorna BO BpeM5I pa60TbI nac rrpepsmaior. I103TOMY, 3Ha5l, QTO BaM 6yLl,YT MernaTb, Ll,eJIaHTe aa 6YMare ManeHbKHe

eepuymso: K

paiome. 3arrHCH rrpsnro B TOT MOMeHT, xorna nac

OTBJIeKJIH. 3TH 3aMeTKH rrovoryr BaM 6bICTpO BepHYTbC5I K Ll,e5lTeJIbHOCTH H rrpOLl,OJI)!(I1Tb C roro MOMeHTa, na KOTOPOM HaC OTBJIeKJIH. BaM He H)')KHO 6YLl,eT TpaTHTb nparouennoe BpeM5I aa rrpHrrOMHHaHHe ror o , na QeM BbI

OCTaHOBHJTHCb.

82

Korna 3BOHHT TeJIe<t>OH, MbI MaWHHaJIbHO CHUMaeM Tpy6KY, 3Ha5f, 'ITO na ztpyrov KOHu:e rtposona MO)!(eT 6bITb UJIH KJIHeHT, UJIU JI)"IWUH ztpyr, U -rro pe-ts MO)!(eT ULlTH OT npUrJIaWeHU5f Ha LleHb pO)!(LleHU5f LlO npHrJIaWeHU5I. na nOMUHKH. IITo 6bI TO HU 6bIJIO, MbI 6bICTpO pearupyev na 3BOHOK. Ho aa 3TO npUXOLlUTC5I. TIJIaTUTb; MbI OTpbIBaeMC5I. OT TOH pa60TbI, KOTOPOH 3aHHMaJIUCb LlO renerponnoro 3BOHKa. B MOMeHT 3BOHKa MbI 6pOCaeM B3rJI5I.Ll na TeJIe<t>OHHbIH armapar H nJIaTUM aa 3TO CBOeH KOHu:eHTpaU:UeH. nOCJIe renedionnoro paarosopa HaM HYXHO

npHJIO)!(UTb onpenenennue YCUJIU5I., lfT06bI [JPU3bI6QUmeC6OC' BepHYTb KOHu:eHTpau:uIO U npOLlOJI)!(UTb OKp)T.JKX!HueK paoorars. BHeWHue rpaxropsr RJIU5I.IOT na Hac, CaepJlC11liHOCmU U

mUlUUHe, 3mo eatue MewaIOT HaM KOHu:eHTpHp0BaTbC5I.. Y xoro ecn,

npa80 - no6blmb

rsepnoe HaMepeHUe JIYlfIIIe xonuerrrpaposartcsr, «asoe-mo 6peMf16

TOT LlOJI)!(eH aaaoesars )lJI5I. ce651. HeMHoro mutuune u cnosouno HenpHKOCHOBeHHOCTU, opraaaaosars csoe nopaomomu. oxpyxemre, lfT06bI MO)!(HO 6bIJIO LlOJIrO patoran, 6e3 noxrex. Pa3YMeeTC5f, HaM ynaerc» OlJeHb penxo OKa3aTbC5I. B YCJIOBU5I.X, xorna 6bI MbI pa60TaJIU, a HaM 6bI HHlJerO He MeWaJIO.

83

Ilcno.u.syume aemoomeemeu«. 3aKOH'IlI6 potiomyi et« MO}ICeme nepeseonumu.

Bsnue MbI y)!(e roBOPHJH1 06 HCTO'lHHKaX WYMa, aa xoropsre MbI MO)!(eM He oopauian, BHHMaHHH, HO xoropue HeB03MO)!(HO ytipars. CyweCTBYlOT -rersrpe BHHTa, xoropsie CJIellYeT noaepnyrt., 'lT06bI C03uaTb 6JIarOnpHHTHYlO 06craHOBKY, cnoco6cTBYIOw,YIO KOHueHTPaW1H. HH)!(e npnaeneno ns n, COBeTOB, KaK MO)!(HO U06HTbCH aroro.

COBET l-u

lh06bI He pearnpoears na TeJIe¢OHHbIH 3BOHOK, cnenyer 6bITb B UOCTaTO'lHoti Mepe repnennmav H Bbluep)!(aHHbIM. TaK KaK He MHorne H3 Hac 06JIa.ualOT TaKHMH xa-recraasnt, TO MO)!(HO npHMeHHTb TeXHH'leCKHe B03MO)!(HOCTH H cpencrsa, 'lT06bI TeJle¢OH He MeWaJI paoorars. BbI MO)!(eTe HCnOJIb30BaTb UJIH aroro aBTOOTBeT'mK, 'lT06bl noaxe, 3aKOH'lHB pa60TY, nepe3BOHHTb. HJIH sanacars na Hero cooouieuue 0 TOM, xorna BbI 6YD,eTe He 3aHHTbI. HJ1H)!(e BbI MO)l(eTe UOroBOPHTbCH C KOJIJIeroti, 'lT06bI OH OTBe'laJI KaKoe-TO BpeMH na TeJIe¢OHHbIe 3BOHKH BMeCTO sac. Ho eCJIH BbI 6yueTe HCnOJIb30BaTb 3TH B03MO)l(HOCTH CJlHWKOM ~laCTO, TO y mozien MO)l(eT CJlO)l(HTbCH ane-rarnenae, 'ITO BbI nOCTOHHHO aanarsr. He3aBHCHMO OT ssnue Ha3BaHHbIX B03MO)l(HOcTeti BbI MO)l(eTe Ha3HaqHTb CBOHM KOJlJIeraM, ueJIOBbIM napTHepaM HJlH npY3bHM onpeneJIeHHOe BpeMH, xorna OHH MOryr 3BOHHTb, H xorna BbI MO)l(eTe 3BOHHTb HM. no MeHbweti Mepe, KaKYIO-TO 'laCTb 3BOHKOB aa ueHb BbI MO)l(eTe

nepenecrn na Y)],06HOe )],J151 BaC BpeM5I. li, KpOMe roro, Bbl auxpaanaere BpeMH rom roro, '-IT06bl cnoxorino H He OTIDleKaHCb nopaoorars.

COBET 2-"

KaK Bbl nocryuaere C KOJlJleraMH, xoropsre -iepea Ka)f()lble )]'eC5ITb MHHYT 3a6eraIOT K BaM B Ka6HHeT, '-IT06bl nonpocrrn, COBeTa HJlH npOCTO cnpocars. KaK BaWH nena? Bu 6pocaeTe 3aHHMaTbC5I )]'eJlaMH H H3-3a no)],)],ep)!(aHHH ztooporo KJlHMaTa B KOJlJleKTHBe OXOTHO BKJlIO'-IaeTeCb B paarosop? liml - '-ITO BbI roaopnre sauren cocezrxe, rrpoxoznrnureri B)],OJlb satiopa H peunmurea oCTaHoBHTbCH, '-IT06bl n060JlTaTb C BaMH, B TO BpeM5I KaK Bbl CH)],eJlH na reppace , ymy6HBwHCb B '-ITeHHe CJlO)!(HOro CnpaBO'-lHHKa?

B 3TOM CJlY'-lae nocTapatiTecb BJla)],eTb ctrryauaeti. HeT, 3TO HH B xoev cnynae He )]'OJl)i(HO 3Ha'-lHTb, '-ITO BbI OTKa3bIBaeTe B 6ece)]'e CBoeMY xonnere HJlH caoen cocenxe. Bu caMH )]'OJI)!(Hbl ynpaansrrs 6ece)]'oH H peurars, xorna H HaCKOJlbKO BbI orenexerecs OT CBOHX ne,n. ECJlH 06bl~IHO naeps saurero xafinnera OTKpbITa, TO npnxpotrre ee na TO BpeMH, noxa BaM HY)!(HO CKOHueHTpHpOBaHHO nopaoorart., )]'a6bl He nasan, CBOHM YBa)i(aeMbIM xonneraxr nonona MHMOXO)],OM 3afJ1HHYTb K BaM.

YTO xacaerca JlH'-IHO MeH5I, TO Y Hac C KOJIJleraMH ecn.orosopeauoe BpeM51, xorna Mbl MO)!(eM noofnnarsca. OCTaJlbHOe BpeMH Mbl, KaK npaBl1J10, patoraev, He MeWaH )],pyT npyry. B KOHue KOHUOB, scerna MO)!(HO B MHrKoti cPopMe HanOMHHTb CJlOBOOXOTJlHBOMY xonnere, npyry HJlH cocenxe, '-ITO CeM'-IaC He canoe

8eJiolUBO omxasueaumea. 0111 npe(JIO,JlCeIlUU ncoeceooeams {IO 6pe41H paoom«, npeiJlO.JlCutne sonicpemnoe epen» am npoauscenu« paeoeoia.

I1bIIV1/O'illume paouo, MQ2HUm(xjXJH, meneeusop, K(Rda pa60maeme.

Henpaeunuto oiycmpoenuoe pa60'lee uecmo ueuuiem I«JHli!!H!I1{JUjXXJ{iIIlICJI U npusunsem epet "rlJpoeblO.

nysnuee BpeM5I .UJUI pasroaopoa. KOHe'IHO, 3TO .n:OJl)KHO 6bITb CKa3aHO Be)!(JlHBbIM H CIIOKOHHbIM TOHOM. 06b5lCHHTe, nO'IeMY BbI CeH'IaC He MO)!(eTe nonnepxars pasroaop, H CKa)!(HTe, xorna BbI CMO)!(eTe II06eceJlOBaTb, 'IT06bI He IIOPTHTb OTHOWeHH5I C'IeJlOBeKOM.

COBET 3-8

Mnoroe, 'ITO HeIIOCpeJlCTBeHHO Hac oxpyxaer H MewaeT HaM KOHueHTpHpOBaTbC5I, 3aBHCHT OT Hac. TIpe.n:CTaBHTeJl5IM MOJlO.n:Oro IIOKOJleHH5I Ka)!(eTC5I, -rro Y HHX nysure norrysaerca ytIHTb, eCJlH OHH OJlHOBpeMeHHO cnyuraior MY3bIKY. KOHellHO, MO)!(eT 6bITb, KOPOBbI 6YJlYT nasars 60JlbWe MOJlOKa, eCJlH aa IIaCT6HIlle H B KOpOBHHKe npoxpy-ranart, CHMCPOHHH Mouapra, ozuiaxo MHOrO'IHCJleHHble HCCJle.n:OBaHH5I JlHWHHH pas IIOJlTBep)!(JlaIOT, -rro MY3bIKa MewaeT KOHueHTpaUHH H 3anOMHHaHHIO, a He cIIoc06cTByeT HM. 113TO He y.n:HBHTeJlbHO, TaK KaK BbI ~e suaere, 'ITO KOHUeHTpaUH5I - 3TO CPHKCHposaHHe BIDfMaHH5I na O.n:HOM 06beKTe, a JlHWHHH paanpazorrens CTaHOBHTC5I npn 3TOM IIOMexoH. BbIKJIIOlIatI:Te My3bIKY HJlH TeJleBH30p, xorna BbI 'ITO-TO ytIHTe lUlH Ha.IJ: lIeM-TO pafioraere,

COBET 4-8

K YCJlOBH5IM, xoropsre BO MHorOM 3aBHC5IT OT aac, IIpHHa.n:ne)!(HT raxxe cano patio-tee MeCTO. ECJlH OHO 3prOHOMH'IHO, TO 3TO cnocoocruyer nOBblweHHIO KOHueHTpaUHH H rrpo.n:YKTHBHOCTI1, lUlH Ha060pOT, eCJlH OHO Hey.n:06HO, TO MeWaeT HaM KOHueHTpHposaTbC5I H spemrr 3.n:OPOBbIO.

86

K CTaHllapTHhIM Tpe60BaHIDIM 3proHOMWIHOro Onmuuanu« paoovero Mecra OTHOC5ITC5I rrpamorsnue BbiCOTa 06ycmpoeHHoe pa60lfee MeCmO Cl)'JIa, OCBer..ueHJ1e J1 paccrosmre Me)!Qly 3i<paHOM OCH06b16aemCJI «a

CileOyIOUjeM: cmyn,

MOHJ1TOpa KOMT1bJOTepa J1 fJIa3aMJ1 rrOJIb3OBaTeJI5l. Bee 3TO BIDKHbie npezmocsmxa )JJI5I xopouren pa60Tocrroco6HOCTJ1 J1 roro, '-ITO y HaC He rr05lBJ1TC5I rroaxe xapaxrepnsrx rrp06JIeM CO 3)lOPOBheM. OHM BJIJ151IOT aa TO, KaK )lOJIfO Mbi MO)l(eM KOHUemp11pOBaTbC5I. YeM JIY'lliIe pa60'-lee MecTO COOTBeTCTByeT 06r..uerrpJ1H51TOMY CTaHJl3p1)', TeM 3<I><peKTl1BHee Mbi MO)l(eM J1crrOJIb30BaTb CBOIO 3HeprnlO, a 3Ha'-l11T, nynne KOHueHTpI1- pOBaTbC5I. ECJIJ1 Bbi paooraere aa rrJ1CbMeHHbiM CTOJIOM, ro oopanrre BHJ1MaHHe Ha CBOIO nocanxy (BbiCOTY cryna 11 rrOJIO)l(eHJ1e CrrJ1HKH), aa paCCID5IHJ1e Me)!Qly BaUlJ1Ml1 fJIa3aMJ1 J1 3i<paHOM MOHHTOpa (40-50 CM). 06paTJ1Te BHHMaHMe na oceeuieaae: )lOCTaTO'IHO JIJ1 OHO spxoe 11 non KaKJ1M yrnov nanaer, C KaKoM CTOPOHbi pacrronoxen J1CTO'IHHK caera, He C03)laeT JIJ1 OH 6JIJ1KOB na 3KpaHe MOHl1TOpa (nynue scero, eCJIH Bbi fiynere CJ1)leTb JIJ1UOM K OKHY). HeMaJIOBa)l(HYIO pOJIb urpaer reurreparypa rrOMer..ueHI151 (21-22 rpanyca rro lleJIbCHIO) 11 nocromrnsra npirrox csexero B03)lyXa.

87

ceem, paccmosnue Go »cpana uonumopa u meunepamypa nOMeUjeHUJI.

EUjeoOHa 603MO:JICHOCmb ... rae u KaK 6bl MOJICeme IIy<tUle eceeo CKOHI{eHmpupoeamu»?

06PaJljOOwi nopwk»: ua cmiue nouoeaem C3I{OHO,I1Umb epeus na nouctc HY,JlCHbLt 6YJtai' U OoKYMeHmoo.

HeMQ/()(iaJIfIiYIO P(JJ7b uepaem lie monuco JHaHIIP, neeo Aibi xomust d06umbCH, HO U

snauue, KaK ,}fOJICHO smoea o06umbCJI U KaK akmueupoeame ece C60U cnocoonocmu.

COBET 5-0

Haseznrre rrOp5Ul.OK aa CBOeM pa60yeM CTOJIe. 3TO 3ByqlIT 6aHaJIbHO, HO U/UI MHOrnx JIIO.ueH 3TO 6bLl0 6bI rrOJIe3HO, B JII060M CJTY'fae 3TO 3JIeMeHTapHa5l npenrrocsinxa .Il,JI5l xopouren KOHUeHTpamm H rrpo.uyKTHBHOH pa60TbI. He OTBJleKaHTecb, P05lCb B sopoxe 6YMar, He OTHOC5llll.HXC5l K.ueJIY, KOTOPbIM BbI 3aHHMaereCb B .uaHHbIH MOMeHT, 3ayeM TpaTHTb CBOe BHHMaHHe na seum, C KaroPbIMH BbI nnamrpyere pasnenarscs Jl nun, -repea HeCKOJl bKO .uHeH? Hexoropste Ha3bIBalOT xaoc, Uap5llll.HH na HX CTOJIe, «pa60Yl1M 6ecrrOp5Ul.KOM», Ho OH Bee )!(e MellIacr KOHuempaUHH, KaTaJI0Il13HPyHTe CBOH .uOKYMeHTbI, pa3JIO)!(HTe HX rro nopanxy, B KaKOM BbI CYHTaeTe H~IM, lffo6bI He psrncs rrOTOM B HHX, Il paaaa, anecs pe-ts He u.ueT 0 nopanxe, crroccocreyromea KOHueHrpamm! Bcerna .uOJDKeH 6bITb rrOp5Ul.OK,

Ka)!(.ubIH yeJIOBeK ofinanaer 60J1bllIHM KOJIHyeCTBOM cnocooaocrea. Ho MHome JIIO.uH HX npOCTO He paCKpbIJIH. rOBOp5l CJIOBaMH O.uHOH 6H6JleHCKOH npHTYH, JlIO.uH rrorpeonn CBOH TaJlaHTbI BMeCTO roro , 'IT06bI HX BCKapMJIHBaTb. "-iTO CKpbIBaeTC5l B Hac, H ua 'ITO MbI cnocoouu - MbI 065l3aHbI 3TO OTKPbITb H HayYHTbC5l npaBHJIbHO HCnOJlb30BaTh CBOH TaJIaHThI.

HE O'PIAHBAHTECh IIOCJIE HEYMq Ka)!(JI.bIH H3 Hac rrpexpacno nOMHHT CBOH Hey.uaYH H npOMaXH. MHO me JIIO.uH caMH

BHHOBaTbl B HHX. OHH 6blJlH HeraTHBHO nacrpoensi H 605!JlHCb xero-ro HOBorO H HeH3BeCTHOrO, COMHeBaJlHCb B CBOHX C06CTBeHHbiX CnOC06HOCT5!X. Ctrryaunn, C KOTOPbIMH OHH panee He CTaJlKHBaJTHCb, BbI3bIBalOT y HHX '-lYBCTBO crpaxa. Ha CMeHY CMeJlOCTH H peWHTeJlbHOCTH npHXO)l5!T p060CTb H OCTOpmKHOCTb. O)!(H)laHHe nposana CMeH5!eT opHeHTHpOBKY Ha ycnex. A BbICKa3bIBaHH5! rnna: «Y MeH5! BCe paBHO HH'-lerO He nOJlY'-lH1'C5!» H «51 HH'-lerO He CMOry cnenars!» sapanee 06peKalOT sac aa npOBaJT.

HE COMHEBAMTECb B CEliE!

Bepa BJlaCTByeT Ha)l HaWHM cepaueu H noueneunev KaK B HeraTHBHOM, TaK H B nOJlO)KHTe.JlbHOM CMbICJle. ilOJlO)!(HTeJlbHbIW HaCTpOw - ::)1'0 pacxpsrrne csoero rrOTeHlIHaJTa Hero pa3BHTHe. 31'0 raxxce YMeHHe npOTHBOCT05!Tb HaTHCKY BaWHX COMHeHHW H CTpaXOB. HO.llJl5! sroro He06xo.llHMO BpeM5!, nOKa cnoc06HOCTH He np05!B5!TC5! BO Bcew csoen nOJlHOTe. 3TO HH '-ITO nnoe, KaK Barna sepa B cefia. BbI .Il0Jl)!(HbI 3Ha1'b, KaKHMH cnoc06HOCT5!MH BbI otinanaere H KaK HX MO)!(HO HCnOJlb30Ba1'b. BbI .Il0Jl)!(HbI CKa3aTb «npotuan» BceM CBOHM crpaxasr H COMHeHH5!M. BCTynHB aa 31'01' nyrs, BbI pacxpoere He TOJlbKO HOBbIe cnOC06HOCTH, 0 KOTOPblX panee naxe He rronospesana, HO H 06Hap)')KHTe CBOH cnafisre CTOPOHbJ. 11 B KOHe'-lHOM csere BbI ofiperere YBepeHHOCTb, sepy B ce65! H HOBbIe cnoc06HOCTH.

89

Cnocainocmu iaeucnm am natueeo C{HtOC03HOHUH U eepu e ce6H. T OK.lICe' HeoffX[)()uMo uuem« nepeo ca60u uen» u

nacmpou HG

nlliWJlCUmelb1il>IU ume.

Yeepeunue nocmynxu OCH06blealOmCJl na eepe e coocmeennue CUJ1bl, smo eedem K ycnay.

HAyqlITECh BEPlITh B CEBH

Hal.J:HH35I BbITIOJTH5ITbJIJ06yJO pa601Y, CK<DKHTe napy o.u06p5IJOlllHX CJIOB.IJ:JI5I ce651. CKa:)!GlTe: «Y MeH5I BCe nOJIyl!HTC5I!» HJIH «51 npHJIO)!(Y see CBOH CHJIbI, H cnenaio 3TO ny-nue scex. npOCTO Ha.IJ:O na-tars!». TaKOH nacrpon cpasy MeH5IeT saure rtoaenemte H opaeirrnpyer na n03HTHBHbIH nror. BbI rtpnanexaere CBOH cnoco6HOCTH, a He np05lBJI5IeTe .uYXOBHyJO CJIa60CTb H P060CTb, H TeM caMblM rtpufimosaerecr, K ycnexy.

Xopowee Ha'IaJIO cnocoocrayer OnTHMaJIbHOH pafiore B .uaJIbHetiweM. vb nOJIO)!(HTeJIbHOrO HaCTp051 B03HHKaeT nepsoe nepcxasanae ycnexa, H3 ycnexa, COOTBeTCTBeHHO, nepa B coricrsemnre CHJIbI H cnoco6HOCTH.

KOHTPOJIlIPYMTE CEBH

ECJIH .uo CHX nop Bhl npH.uep)!(HBaJIHCb MHeHH5I, 'ITO MO)!(eTe KOHueHTpHpOBaTbC5I TOJIbKO npHJIO)!(HB YCHJIH5I, H 3TO BbI MO)!(eTe noxaaars MHO)!(eCTBOM npnvepoa H3 csoero JIH'IHOrO orrsrra, TO uorrpooyrire rerreps nOCMOTpeTb n a ce651 CO CTOPOHbI H nepenponepsre CBOJO TOl.J:KY 3peHH5I. D.aeTe JIH BbI no ofiiue ce6e mane pafiorart. CKOHUeHTpHpOBaHHO? CMHPHJIHCb JIH BbI C Hey.ua'IaMH H npOBaJIaMH? Herarnanue casroouemor Hy)!(HO HCKJIJOl.J:aTb, TaK KaK OHH MewaJOT np05lBJIeHHJO cnocofinocreji H CBo6o.uHOMY nOTOKY naurea 3HepfHH. D.a)!(e eCJIH BbI H36aBHTeCb OT BHeWHHX ¢aKTOpOB, MewaJOIUHX BaM KOHUeHTpHpOBaTbC5I, TO 3TOro 6y.ueT He.uOCTaTOl.J:HO, eCJIH BbI ce651 He rtporpaxeurpyere na nOJIO)!(HTeJIbHbrn pa60qHti

90

HaCTpOH. Ll,YMaHTe 0 CruiJyIOUI,uec06embl

xopourev. KaK H BCe nouoeym eOM

JIIOLJ:H, BbI MO)!(eTe KOHueHTpHpOBaTbC51. Y6eLJ:HTeCb B 3TOM, pa60Ta51 HJIH OTLJ:bIXa51!

CJIeLJ:YIOIUHe COBeTbI nOLJ:BOLJ:51T 'IepTY nOLJ: acev BbIllieCKa3aHHbIM H COLJ:ep)!(aT B ce6e 3<p<peKTHBHbIe MeTOLJ:bI tra Ka)!(LJ:bIH LJ:eHb, xoropsre uayxar HaC HaCTpaHBaThC51 na ny-nuee npn BbInOJIHeHHH JIlO60ro BHLJ:a LJ:e51TeJIhHOCTH.

COBET 1-8

Bo BpeM51 BbInOJIHeHH51 HenpH51THOH LJ:JI51 sac pa60ThI na BpeM51 OTRlIeKHTeCb. nOLJ:YMailTe, C KaKI1M HaCTpOeHl1eM BbI paooraere. 'Iaure scero pe-rs HLJ:er He 06 OLJ:HOPOLJ:HOH ouenxe, a 0 CMeCH nOJIO)!(I1TeJIbHbIX 11 HeraTHBHbIX acnexros. BbInOJIH51eTe BbI sry paoory C YLJ:OBOJIbCTBHeM HJIH 6e3 Hero? Bepnre JIH BbI B TO, 'ITO Y sac see nOJIyql1TC51, HJII1 COMHeHaeTeCb? Ilpencrassre ce6e nOJIO)!(l1TeJIbHbIe acnexrsr, npoKPYTHTe HX B rOJIOBe. nOTOM npOLJ:OJI)!(l1Te paoorars.

COBET 2-8

nOpOH C HaMH cJIYlfaeTC51 TaK, 'ITO B TpYLJ:HbIX 11 HenpeLJ:BHLJ:eHHbIX cHryaUH51X MbI Tep51eM ~ecTBO 11 caMOKOHTpOJIh, H Hac OXBaThIBaIOT crpax, COMHeHH51 H CKenCHC. EcJIH HaC aTaKYJOT nOLJ:06HbIe MbICJIH, TO paatinpanre no OmeJIbHOCTH K3)!()JylO 113 HHX H nsrrartrecs ee

91

uomueupoeamu ceti« TaKJlCe eepnumecs «a cmpauuuy,

3a 0010 HaOo tipanuc« He cneno u neyeepenno, a ueneycmpesuenno. eepse co6cmeeHHble CUJlbl.

3aMeHI1Tb nOJlO)!(I1TeJlbHoi1 l1.1leei1. ECJlI1 Bbl ncnsm-teaere CTpaX nepezt BOnJlOmeHl1eM KaKOrO- Jll160 rrpoexra B )!(113Hb 11 6011TeCb, '-ITO BaM He XBaTI1T BpeMeHI1 11)151 peWeHI151 KaKI1XTO TeXHI1'-1eCKI1X sorrpocos, TO rrpencransre ce6e ('-ITO Bbl ylKe C ycnexov nenana pausure, cnezrya COBeTaM 3TOH KHl1rl1) TO, KaK BbI 6YLleTe BbITIOJlH5ITbLlaHHhIH n]X)eKT. npl1K11HbTe, KaKl1e Moryr 6bITb aJTbTepHaTl1BHbJe peweHI15I, xoropue novoryr BaM peaJTI130BaTb rrpoexr B CpOK.

Ilosumuenuu nacmpou cnocoocmeyem nOJl6;leHUIO cueuxmu.

COBET 3-0

ECJlI1 pansure BbI scerna roBOPI1JlI1 ce6e: «51 3TOro He MOry!», TO rerrepi, roeopnre ce6e: «51 Mory!». ECJlI1 BbI pansure nOCT05IHHO TBepLlI1JlI1: «Y MeH5I HIf'1erO He nOJlY'II1TC5I!», TO reneps BI-IYWaHTe ce6e: «Y MeH5I BCe nOJlY'-lI1TC5I!» I1JlI1 «51 CLleJlaIO 3TO ny-nue scex!». Tl pOLlOJl)!(aHTe rronfianpaears ce65I BHyTpeHHI1M rOJlOCOM 11 BO BpeM5I BbITIOJlHeHI15I paoorsi. fOBOpl1Te ce6e: «Y MeH5I HenJlOXO nOJlY'-laeTC5I!» 11 «C 3TI1M 5I CnpaBl1JlC5I, nepetfneM K CJleLlYIOweMY srarry». YIIOTpe6Jl5l5I nonotinue <popMYJmpOBKI1, Bbl aupatioraere '-IYBCTBO YBepeHHOCTI1 B ce6e.

Bcesemoo» Ilosepsre B TO, '-ITO Bbl oonanaere Ko.nOCCaJTbHbIM )iizylweliUll nOTeHUl1aJlOM KOHueHTpaUI1I1. Ho 3TOT

cnoatuocmu C

nOTeHUl1aJl Bbl LlOJl)!(Hbl pacxpsrrs.

~~~~~~ ~~~h~

~KmU6l1b' maJlli\O B3)!(HeHuJI1MI1 MeTO)laMl1, KOTOpble cnocooc ItlYJOT

e ux npasmu-eocon paCKpbITI1JO nOTeHUI1aJla, BbI yzce

npusteuenuu. n03HaKOMI1JlHCb. Ho OLlHI1X TOJlbKO

TeopeTW-leCKI1X 3HaHI1ti B HaWeM CJ1~{ae He)]'OCTaTO'lHO. KOHueHTpaUI151 - 3TO nCHX0J10rl1'leCKHti npouecc, KOTOPbIH peamtsyerca na npaKTI1Ke, H BO BpeMH npaKTJ1KH pa3BI1BaeTCH. He)]'OCTaTOl{HO 3HaTb TOJlbKO «npaaana», na OCHOBe KOTOPbIX CPYHKUHOHl1pyeT KOHueHTpaUI1H. Bu )]'OJDKHbl HX npl1MeHHTb, HX npnueneane )]'OJ1)f(HO CTaTb He01oeMJleMoti l1aCTblO aaurert )f(H3HH. KTO nOCTOHHHO rronnepxaaaer B rpopxre CBOIO cnoC06HOCTb KOHueHTpl1poBaTbCH 11 nOCTOHHHO ee YJ1Y4waer, TOT nenaer o-rem, naxe npaBl1J1bHO. «D,eJ10 MaCTepa 60I1TCH» - 3TY noronopxy MO)!(HO ynorpefirrn, H B OTHoweHlU1 KOHueHTpaUI1H. Ynp3)f(HeHHH I1 COBeTbl, xoropue OTHOCHTCH K OT)]'eJ1bHbIM crparernav pa3BHTHH KOHueHTpaUI1I1, HBJ1HIOTCH 6a3I1CHoti nporpaxorori no YJ1YllweHHIO KOHueHTpaUI1H. B TO apexts KaK COBeTbl MO)f(HO I1Cn0J1b30BaTb B J11060ti sauren )],e5lTeJ1bHOCTI1, ynpa)!(HeHI1H nOTpe6YIOT OT sac BpeMeHI1, TaK KaK HX He06xo)]'I1MO perynspno nOBTOp5lTb. Pa3I3I1TI1e cnoc06HOCTI1 KOHueHTpHpOBaTbCH 3aMeTi-IO nOBbICHT BaWH npoI13BO).llITeJIbHOCTb I1 rpyaocnocooaocn, 3mti ueJII1 CJ1~aT raxxe 30 COBeTOB no YJIYlHlleHVIIO KOHueHTpaWH1, H:lJIO)f(eHHbIX na nOCJ1e)],YIOIUI1X crpamruax. OCHOBHOti caoen 'laCTblO - 3TO nponepemrue COBeTbI. na OCHOBe KOTOPbIX BbI CMO)f(eTe COCTaBI1Tb CBOIO c06cTBeHHYIO nporpaxory pa3BI1THH naurert cnoc06HoCTH -===~~IL KOHueHTpI1poBaTbCH.

«JleJlO uacmepa toumc» - 3my n0i'fJ60pK}' ,11O)ICHO ynompe6umb u (1 omnotueuuu «onuenmpauuu.

Y A Y\fWEHJt11O

30 npaKTHqeCKHX COBeTOB no y~lUeHulO xonuerrrpaunn U3JI0JKeHhI B KOMDaKTHOU

<l>0pMe. Maorae U3 HUX BaM YJKe 3HaKOMbI. Bsnne OHU OblJlU YJKe U3JI0JKeHhI OoJlee nonpotino. Ho 3,1leCb oy.uyr sarpoayrsr HeKOTOpbIe aenexrsr, o KOTOpbIX HU'Iero elUe He roBOPUJIOCb. 3TH COBeTbI ynopanosem« He no HX

Ba)KH0CTIf U c<l>epe npUMeHeHIDl, HO 0"" npencrannema BnepeMeIDKY. l.iTO OHU oyuyI' ,WUI sac 3Ha'iUTb, U TO, KaK BbI HX OY)leTe HcnOJ1b30BaTb, - pelUaTb BaM.

Ha'iHUTe C HaOJlIO)leHUB aa cofion

06P{l]Ubl ansem CJla6a51 cnoc06HOCTb KOHueHTpl1pOBaTbC5I

8b1 nauoeme 00. lee. MO)l(eT Bblp3)KaTbC51 no-paanovy. OLU1H He MO)l(eT BHHMaTenbHO cnyurar s. '-ITO eMY rOBOp5lT; zipyroa 6blCTPO repser OCHOBHYJO HHTb npn YMCTBeHHOH pafiore: rpersevy nOCT05lHHO MewaeT WYM, Uap5lWHH soxpyr Hero. Ll,Jl51 na-iana npOaHaJIH3HPYHTe ce651. YCTaHOBHTe. KOr)1a Bbl He MO)l(eTe COCpenOTO'-lHTbC5I. KaKHe xanansr BOCnpH5ITH5I, rrpexne acero, 3aTparHBaJOTC5I npn 3TOM? KaK BhI MO)l(eTe 06b51CHHTh 3TO? YeM -raure Bhl Ha6JIJO)1aeTe aa c06011, TeM ro-uree BhI nozniepere MeTO)1hl H ynpaxnenas )1Jl}!

YJlY'HlleHIUI sauren CnOC06HOCTI1 KOHueHTpl1pOBaTbC5I.

• Bepnrecs TOJIbKO sa O)1.HO )1.eJIO

Mnorue JlJO,l.l,11 npenno-nrraior 3aHI1MaTbC5I O,l.l,HOBpeMeHHO HeCKOJlbKI1MI1 ,l.l,eJlaMI1. TaK, npJ1)KaB nJlel.JOM K YXY TeJlecPOHHYJO TPy6KY, pa3rOBapl1BaJOT C KJll1eHTOM, npl1 3TOM Ha6Hpa51 na KOMnbJOTepe TeKCT ztenosoro nncsva 11 cnytuas COBeTbl CI1,l.l,5IwerO P5l,l.l,OM xonnern. A 'ITO npOI1CXO,l.l,I1T C M03roM?

no MeHbwei1 Mepe, O,l.l,HO 113 nen npn TaKOM nonxone HeB03MO)l(HO KaLleCTBeHHO ,l.l,OBeCTI1 no KOHua, M03r He ycnesaer BOCnpl1HI1MaTb O,l.l,HOBpeMeHHO TaKoe KOJll1l.JeCTBO I1HcPopMaUHI1 H otipafiarsmart, ee.

HaM Y,l.l,aCTC5I nOBblCI1Tb Kal.JeCTBO csoero BHI1MaHI151, eCJlI1 Mbl 6Y,l.l,eM 3aHI1MaTbC5I TOJlbKO O,l.l,HI1M-e,l.l,I1HCTBeHHbIM neJ10M. Bezu, KOHueHTpaUI151 - 3TO y,l.l,ep)l(I1BaHl1e BHI1MaHI151 Ha O,l.l,HOM om.exre, a He pacnsinenue na HeCKOJlbKO.

,8 Cnenytrre CBOeMY 6HOPHTMY

B xaxoe BpeM5I CyrOK Bbl l.JYBCTByeTe ce651 B naaasrcurea CTeneHI1 aKTI1BHbIMI1, a xorna y aac n05lBJI5lJOTC5I naCCI1BHOCTb 11 ynaaox CI1J1? B 'rexenne ,l.l,H5I Mbl MO)l(eM {IYBCTBOBaTb l.Jepe,l.l,OBaHl1e nO.l.l.beMal1 yna,l.l,Ka CI1J1. n03TOMY fiepnrect, aa ztena, xoropste Tpe6YJOT Hal16oJlbwei1 KOHueHTpaUI1I1, rorzta, xorna BbI nanfionee paoorocnocofinu 11 aKTI1BHbi.

97

flOJ1HOl<eHHO cKOHu,eHmpupoeamlCf/ MO.JlCHO .tuuu. moeoa, K02aa sanuuaeuuc» oaHlHIeouucmeennu» deWM.

Konxpemnue coeemu no c03JaHulO cpeitu, cnocoicmeyouiei «onueumpauuu, eu nautteme oasee

• C03,1J,aHTe «CTeKJlllHHbIH KOJInaK»

ill yM H pa3JIH'lHbTe pa3)]'pa)!(HTeJIH, OKp~IUHe HaC, MernaIOT KOHIJ,eHIpHpOBaThC5I. Pa60TaTb no)], «CTeKJI5IHHbTM KOJInaKOM» - 3Ha'lHT, mropo,IIHThC5I or BCeX Hcro'lHHKOB rnyMa 11 pa3)],p~TeJIeM. Ho B HarneM COBpeMeHHOM MHpe o-rem, TPY)],HO HatiTH raxoe MecTO, rne 6bI a6coJIlOTHo HH'lero He MernaJIO cocpenororeano paoorars. Bee )!(e rromrrartrecs HaMTH na HeCKOJIbKO 'laCOB 60JIee HJIH MeHee CnOKOMHOe MecTO, 'lT06bT rtopaforan, .

• Cofieparecs C MblCJUlMH

Ilpexcoe ~eM )lJr51 3cPQJeKTHBHOM KOHueH1paUH11 Heo6xo,IIHM

npucmynums K 6bLnO,lHeHUlO poiomu, omsununecs 6 «pecne u «a HecKOJlbKO MUHym paccnatismecs. «moiu o6pecmu enympennuu noxou.

He TOJIbKO BHernHHM nOKOM, HO H BHY1peHHHM. Ilepen TeM KaK npHCTYITHTb HenOCpe)],CTBeHHO K pa60Te, paCCJIa6bTeCb H C06epHTeCb C MbICIDlMH. Or6POCbTe BCe MbICJIH, KaCaJOIUHeC5I npyrnx aaumx 06513aHHOCTeM, H rrocrerreano MbTCJIeHHO «nonfieprrrect« K TOMY, qeM BaM rrpe)],CTOHT 3aHHMaTbC5I. 3aTeM rrO,IIyMaMTe Ha,II TeM, KaK BaM ny-nue scero )]'06HTbC5I nOCTaBJIeHHbIX ueneri H BbTrrOJIHHTb nOCTaBJIeHHbTe TPe60BaHH5I. 3aTeM cnOKOMHO npHCTYITaMTe K BbIJ10JIHeHHJO paforsr,

• IlJIaHHpyifre!

KOHueHTpaUIUr nonpasyaesaer non c060w

cocpenoroxenae BHHMamur TOJIbKO na OLl,HOM 06oeKTe, rrpouecce HJIH Ll,eJITeJIbHOCTH. B 3TOM nOJIe3HbIM 6YLI,eT COCTaBJIeHHe nnana, me 6YLl,eT yrropanoseno BCe MHO)l(eCTBO 3aD,amfW H 06513aHHOCTew, xoropsre He06xoLl,HMO BbIJ10JIHHTb. 3TO MO)l(eT 6bITb rrJIaH Ha Ll,eHb, nenemo HJIH ira ueJIbIW MeCHU. qeM, xorna If nOCJIe -rero H 6yLl,y 3aHHMaTbCH? JIHWb BbIrrOJIHHB OLl,HO aaztau ue If rrOMeTIfB <<J1TlfllKOW», 'lTO OHO BblrrOJIHeHO, BbI MO)l(eTe nepexoznrn, K CJIeLl,YIOIIIeMY. BHOCHTe raxxe BpeM5I, xorna BbI XOTeJIH 6bI BbIJ10JIHHTb TY HJIH HHYIO pa60TY.

• 060CTpHTe CBOH opransr 'IYSCTB

D5ITb opranon 'lYBCTB CB5I3bIBaIOT Hac C BHeWHHM MHpOM. Ho BO BpeM51 pa60TbI 3TOT 6eCKOHel.fHbIW nOTOK HHQJopMaUHH, BocrrpHHHMaeMbIw opranaun qyBCTB, cnezryer QJHJIbTpOBaTb. ECJIH MbI 'lIfTaeM CJIO)l(HbIW TeKCT, TO B Ll,aHHblW MOMeHT J],JI5I Hac maBHbIM 51BJI5IeTC5I aperrne. UeJIeHarrpaBJIeHHOe ynpaanenne opranaxia l.fYSCTB cnocoocrsyer KOHueHTpaUHH, rr03TOMY 3Ty cnocofinocrs CJIeLl,yeT peryJI5IpHO TpeHHpOBaTb. Panee yxe yrrOMHHaJIOCb 0 KOMrrJIeKCe yrrpa)J(HeHHW no pa3BHTHIO opranos l.fYBCTB.

• Tpenapyare CBOIO naMHTb

qeM .ny-nue pa3BHTa naura rraM51Tb, TeM ny-nue MbI orrepnpyev HHQJopMaUHew, a 3Ha'lIfT, MO)l(eM ny-nue KOHueHTpHpOBaTbCH aa pa60TOW. C xopouro pa3BHTOW rraxorrsto BaM

99

JI,emllJlbHbIUI1.J1aH na oeiu., HeOeJIIO, MeCJIl{ ynopsonueaem saoanun, «omopue He06xorJUMo eunonuums.

YnpaJICHeHUfi no pG36UmUiO opeauoe '1Y6cm6

6bl uauoeme oasee.

Momueauuu noceuuen« mOK.JKe nyuxmu 10 u 11

He H)T)KHO 6YJleT rparrrrs BpeMH H YCMJIHH aa nOHCK HH¢opMaUHH. Y aac B rOJIOBe 6YJleT COJlep)!(aTbCH Macca HH¢opMaUHH, KOTOPYlO BbI CMO)!(eTe HCnOJIb30BaTb npn Heo6xoJlHMOCTH. Ka)!()lbIH war na nyrn YJIyqweHHH naMHTH - 3TO raxxe war B pa3BHTHH cnoco6HOCTH KOHueHTpHpOBaTbCH. TpeHHPYHTe CBOIO naMHTb npn nOMOlUH ynpaxnenna, xoropue 6bIJ1H onncanst B npenunyunrx rtaparparpax.

~ ~OTHBHpyHTece6H

ECJIH aaaanae HHTepeCHO, TO MbI cnpaBJ1HeMCH C HHM C JIerKOCTbIO. Ilo-npyrony cHTyaUHH 06CTOHT C 3aJlaHHHMH, xoropsre HaM He

smoi; i!J106bi.

HpaBHTCH, B KOTOPbIX MbI He BHJlHM CMbICJIa.

KOmOpbIR

cooepxcam l.JTo6bI 3aCTaBHTb Ce6H BbInOJIHHTb nonotinue

nonesnue coeemu. nena, HaM Hy)!(eH CTHMYJI. Co6CTBeHHO

Ilumaumece Hotimu nOflb3Y u 6bli!ody OJ7J/ ce6i1 6 flKi60M oese.

rosopa, YBHJleTb nOJIO)!(HTeJIbHOe B nene, OT KOToporo Hac BOPOTHT, H 03HaQaeT MOTHBHPOBKY. Ilsrranrecs HaHTl" nOJIb3Y H asrrony n:JIH cefia B JII060M nene,

DO'

o

• nO)J,Ta.rtKHOaHTe cefia

Armenrr npHXO)],HT BO BpeM5I east. Htrrepec K KaKOM)'- JlH60 neny sauacryro n05mT(51eTC5I TOJlbKO rorna, xorna ~e Hay.HHaellib 3aHHMaTbC5I 3THM .IleJIOM. llJI5I roro IIT06bI MOTHBHpOBaTb ce651 H nonnepxnaart, KOHueHTpaUHlO, He06xo)]'HMO H3MeHHTb nozixon K .IleJIY. Tpyznree scero C.IleJIaTb nepssni urar, a nnrepec n05lBHTC5I rtosxe. n03TOMY npHCTYnaHTe K BbInOJIHeHHIO ueunrepecnoro LI,JI5I BaC ziena KaK MO)!(HO cxopee, He OTKJIaJJ,blBa5I.

It YCJlO~HHTe3a)J,aHHH

OTCYTCTBHe mrrepeca CHH)!(aeT cnoc06HOCTb K KOHueHTpaUHH. Ho KaKHM 06pa30M MO)!(HO nOJIyy'HTb HHTepec K .IleJIY, KOTopoe HaM Ka)f(eTC5I CKyy'HbIM H He YBJIeKaTeJIbHbIM? [lonpooyirte cneaytonnni MeTO)],: norrsrraareci, HaHTH oc06hle 3a.llay.H .IlJI5I ce651 npH BbInOJIHeHHH KaKOrO-JIH60 3aJJ,aHH5I, xoropsre npnnana 6bl BaM MOTHBaUHIO H mrrepec. ECJlH, nanpmiep, BbI BbInOJlH5IeTe H30 )],H5I B )]'eHb nITHO H TO)!(e 3aJJ,aHHe, TO nonpooyrrre ceronns norpanm, na ero BbmOJIHeHHe na 20% MeHbllle BpeMeHH, y.eM 06bI'IHO. I1mf )!(e, 06pa6aTbIBa5I TeKCT, npnnaare exry HOBYIO CPOPMY.

'. He .Il0~O 6bITb HHKaKoro )J,aOJleHHB co

CTOPOHbI

Hacro KOHueHTpHpOBaTbC5I HaM MelllaJOT BHellIHHe rpaxropt.r: Ha30HJIHBa51 'rpe.ns renerpona; ropornrr Hay.aJIbHHK, HJIH KOJIJIera npepsmaer sac, y.T06bI rrOCOBeTOBaTbC5I.

KaK npaanno, MbI He B cnnax COnpOTHBJI5ITbC5! 3THM nOMexaM, H CTpaJJ,aeT HaIIIa KOHUeHTpaUH5I.

J]O/lOJJ/lumelb1JYIO ioupopuauu«: 0 uomueauuu eu liaudeme oanee .

YmOJICllflume saoauue, coxpatuas epeu» em eunonuenus unu noeuuias C10JICliOCmb cex)epJICamelbliOu unu rjX!pJ1GJlbIiOU cmoponu iaoanun.

ECfIU saoanue sauuuaem e eatueu nnane C{LItOe eascnoe MeCmO, mo moeta uw,ume J!jxjJeKmUeHble r/xJpMbl OpcaHU3au,UU, 4m06bl iJocmu4b uenu.

Ilpaeumnoe oceeueuue, yiJ06HblU cmyn, 61aCOnpUJImHIlfl meunepamypa

nOMew,eHUJI cnocoxmeytom «ouueumpouuu.

Ho na CaMOM nene Y HaC ecrs aJIbTepHaTIIBHble aapaarrru. HI1KTO Hac He 3aCTaBJUleT CHI1MaTb Tpy6KY renerpona. C we<poM rum KOJIJIeraMI1 MbI MO)KeM neperosoprrn, n03)Ke, B sapanee ofirosopenaoe BpeMH. B KOHue KOHUOB, MHoroe 3aBl1Cl1T OT sac, 6YLl,eTe JlI1 BbI pearnposars na nouexa I1JlI1 HeT .

• II36eraifre nepeyroaneaaa

3a CKOJlbKO 3aL1,aHl1H Bbl 6epeTeCb B nens, I1 CKOJlbKO 113 HI1X BbI BbInOJlHHeTe? YeM 60JlbWe 3aL1,aHl1H na Hac CBaJII1BaeTC5I, TeM 60JlbWe waHCOB nOJlyqeHI151 crpecca. Orpoxutoe KOJll1qeCTBO HarpY3Kl1 nperrarcrayer CB060Ll,HOMY XOLl,y HaweH 3Heprl1l1 I1 OCJla6Jl51eT Cl1JlY KOHUeHTpaUWI1. BIDIMaTeJlbHO rurauapyare CBOH pa60ql1H ztens, BHOCI1Te B Hero TOJlbKO TO, 'ITO Bbl TOqHO BbInOJlHI1Te.

• C.ueJIaHTe csoe patiosee MeCTO y.u06HbIM

H npaKTH'lHbIM

Korna HaM yLl,06HO aa pa60ql1M CTOJlOM, TO[LI,a nOBbIWaeTC5I uauia TpYLl,ocnoc06HOCTb I1 B qaCTHOCTI1 - KOHueHTpaUI151. 06CTaHOBKa paoo-rero MeCTa nrpaer npn 3TOM peiuaiouryto POJlb. qeM 60JlbWe OHO COOTBeTcTByeT Tpe60BaHI151M naurero oprarnrava, TeM ny-nue MbI paooraexr I1 MeHbwe YCTaeM, a 3Haq11T, zron sure MO)KeM KOHueHTpl1pOBaTbC5I. 06paTl1Te BHI1MaHl1e na npaaunsnyto BbICOry CTYJla, na CBOIO n03Y aa CTOJlOM, ocsemenae I1 na paCCT05lHl1e Me)KLl,Y 3KpaHOM MOHI1TOpa I1 BaWI1MI1 rJIa3aMI1.

• PaCCJla6JUIHTeCb ,rrymOH U TeJIOM

ECJUf MbI nepamrsaev, HanpIDKeHhI, TO MbI He MO)!(eM CKOHUeHTpHpoBaHHO paoorars. Ecna xe MbI, HanpOTIfB, cnOKOHHhI, ypaaaoseuremrsr H paCCJIa6JIeHHbI, TO B 3TOM cnysae MbI MO)!(eM nO)JJ<JllOqJ1Tb Bee CBOH3HepreTWIeCKHe peaepssr H nOJIHOueHHO paoorars. Ynpa)!(HeHH5I no paCCJIa6JIeHJ1lO :xP<PeKTHBHO rrovorator npoTJ1B HepB03HOCTH, mryrpermero Hanp5l)!(eHH5I H CTpecca H YCHJIHBalOT KOHueHTpaUHlO. CymeCTBYeT ueJIbIH PM caMbIX pa3HhIX MeTOLlHK paCCJIa6JIeHJ15I - OT )lbIXaTeJlbHOH fJfMHaCTJIKJ1 H MellHTaUHH 110 ayrorennoro 'rpemnrra, Peurairre casnr, KaKa5I MeTOllHKa BaM 60JIbllIe rronxomrr, Hexoropue COBeTbI KaCaTeJIbHO ynpa)!(HeHHH 6bIDH H3JI0)!(eHbI B rtpensuryutea rnase,

• Onpenenaare Hau60JIee 'rpynnsre 3a,lla'lU Haunr sneprertr secxae peaep asr He 6e3rpaHHQHbI, n03TOMY MbI YCTaeM. ~lT06bI paUHOHaJIbHO HCnOJIb30BaTb CBOlO cnoc06HOCTb KOHueHTpHpOBaTbC5I, cnezryer B TIJIaHe aa pa60QHH lleHb cpasy )!(e onpeztenars npHOpJ1TeTbI H 3a,llaqJ1 HaHBbICllIeH CJIO)!(HOCTH. KaKHe 3a,llaQH cavsre saxaue? KaKHe 3a,llaQH Tpe6YlOT nOBblIIIeHHOH xonuenrpanmr? KaKHe 3allaQH MO)!(HO OTHeCTH K nOBcellHeBHOH PYTHHe? KOHueHTpHpyHTeCb na 3a,llaHH5IX C caMbIM BbICOKHM npHOpHTeTOM.

• Bucsmaarecs

01lHl1M JI101l5IM ~O MHoro cnars, llpyrnM -

MeHbllIe. Ho JIlO60H QeJIOBeK, KOTOPbIH HellOCTaTOQHO cnan, nOqyBCTBYeT CHIDKeHHe

03

Cmpax, uepeu, cmpecc npU600Jlm K HOnpJlJICeHUIO U ueiuatom KOHlIf!Hm{JU[J06OfI1bCJ1. YnpOJICHeHUfl no POCOJa6;leHUIO 6bl naiuieme oanee.

BaJICHYIO POAb npu uomueauuu uepaem eepa 6 C60U C06Cm6eHHbie cusu U CnOC06HOCmU.

Coeemu eu HaUiJi!me oaaee.

pa60TOcrroc06HOCTI1 W KOHlI,empaW1H. ECJIw)Ke BhI perynspno ssrcsmaerecs, TO TOf,IIa BhI yCJ1JIl1BaeTe.CBOIO crroco6HOCTh K KOHl.(empa1.I,HH .

• Onpenemrre CBOH CHJIbHbIe CTOPOHbI )laeTe JIW BhI ce6e )leHCTBWTeJIhHO pafiorart, cKOHueHIpwpOBaHHo? I1JIW BhI rosopirre ce6e Ka)K)lhIH pas , 'ITO BhI He crtocofin u BHWMaTeJIhHO paoorars? BhI rrOCT05lHHO CKJIOH5IeTeCh K TOMY, 'ITO HaqWHaeTe COMHeBaThC5I B ce6e W opuearapoaarscs na HeraTWBHhIH pe3YJIhT3T? Ho HeraTl1BHhIH HaCTpOH W COMHeHW5I B ce6e MO)KHO YHH:qTO)KHTh TOJIbKO npn rrOMOlll,W sept.r B CBOW CWJlhI U crroc06HOCTU. HaqHWTe C roro, 'ITO 3aCTaBhTe rosoprrrs CBOH BHyrpeHHwM rOJIOC rrO-HOBOMY. BMeCTO roro qT06hI roaopnrt, ce6e: «Y MeH51 HWqerO He rrOJIyqWTbC5I!», rrOBTOp5lHTe zipyrne CJIOBa: «51 BCe MOry. W Y MeH5I Bee rrOJIY'IHTC5I!». TOT, KTO sepnr B ce651, TOT 06JIa)laeT BeJIWKOJIerrHOH xonuerrrpaunert.

3mo npa6U!1bHO - • Pery JISlPHO «yxOLI,HTe B OTmeJIbHHKH»

6pe.MR om epeueuu HaIIIa cnocofinocrt, KOHlI,eHTpWpOBaThC5I

eupueamscs lI3 ceoeu cyuamoumou 6yiJHU'tHOU JlCU3HU, 'tm06blonpeiJe1lumb

C60U uenu 6 .. lICU3HU.

aarparnnaer TaK)Ke HaIIIe JIWqHOCTHOe pa3BWTHe: )KWBeM JIW MbI BO BHYTpeHHeH rapMOHWW? BpeM5I OT BpeMeHW CTOWT 3a)lyMhIBaThC5I nan TeM, KTO MhI W KaKOe MeCTO 3aHl1MaeM B 3TOM MHpe. Cnoero pO)la 3TO YXO)l B OTIIIeJIhHWKM, '!T06hI 06peCTW rrOKOM, OTropo)lI1TbC5I OT BHeIIIHero Mwpa I1 cnoxojino nonysrarr, 0 )laJIhHeHIIIWx ueJI5IX B )Kl13HW.

30 C0807U&

• Co))'epJKIITe B nopMKe csoe pa6o'lee Mecro llnSl MHOrnx JIl0.LleH nopSI.IIOK na pa60'-leM CTOJIe HJII1 B MaCTepcKoH nOHl1MaeTCSI KaK cavo co60H pa3YMeJOUJ,eecSI. ECJIll Bhi He OTHOCI1TeCh K TaKOMY PO.IIY JIJO.LleH, TO rorna BaM CJIe.IIYeT nay-nrnc» nO.II.IIep)!(I1BaTh B rropanxe CBOe paoovee MeCTO. nOpSl.1l0K na CTOJIe BJII1SIeT na KOHueHTPaUI1JO - rrarrpmrep, eCJII1 rra saurev CTOJIe 6y.LlYT nexars TOJIhKO re 6YMarw 11 pacnerarxn, xoropue He06xo.IIl1MhI BaM B .IIaHHhIH MOMeHT, BaM He H)1)!(HO 6Y.LleT rpanrrs BpeMH 11 sneprmo na nOI1CK rryxnoro 1l0KyrMeHTa, eCJII1 aa CTOJIe uapnr 6YMa)!(HhIH xaoc.

• He 3a6blBaiiTe nenan, nayssr HeB03Mo)!(H0 paooran, cxonuenrpapoaauno zronroe BpeMSI. KTO patioraer 6e3 rrepepsrsoa 11 nays, TOT paooraer He 3<p<peKTl1BHO. L1,aBaHTe B03MO)!(HOCTh CBoeMY M03ry ornsrxars. Yepe3 onpenenenasre npoxrexyrx» BpeMeHlf zrenanre nayasr I1HTepBaJIOM 5-15 MI1HYT, '-IT06hI nars opraHI13MY OT.LlhIX. npOH.LlI1TeCh HeMHoro, norosopirre C KOJJJleraMI1 (HO He 0 rexynren paoorel), npl1MI1Te.IIYlll (eCJII1 BhI HaxO.LlI1TeCh .LlOMa). He 3a6hIBaHTe BO BpeMSI 3TI1X nays orxpsrsars OKHO 11 npoaerpaaars rroveutemte, B KOTOPOM paooraere.

• IIoMeplKHBaiiTe ce6S1 B xopomea

«i»u3W1ecKOH «i»opMe

Hexoropue nporpeccua He Tpe6yJOT OT '-IeJIOBeKa 60JIhlllOH <pH3I1'-1eCKOH aKTHBHOCTH. MhI CJIHlllKOM MHOro CH.IIHM 11 rrapannayev npn 3TOM CBOH nyx, BSlJIOCTh naurero opramnva TOPM0311T nOTOK 3HeprHH K naiuesry

!Os

l.j m06bl ,1}"twe KWlJfHl11pl1[XXJ(1H1101, medyem nepuoousecxu oenam« naysu.