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Planning

Health Nexus—Health Before Pregnancy: http://www.ontarioprenataleducation.ca/health-before-


health/services/publications/healthy-living/maternity-newborn-care-guidelines-chapter-2.html
Preconception for

WHERE CAN I LEARN MORE ABOUT PRECONCEPTION HEALTH AND RISK FACTORS?
Health Pregnancy

Government of Canada—Preconception Care: www.canada.ca/en/public-


Checklist…

Book an appointment with your healthcare provider today!


 Examine
your eating
habits
 Begin dietary
supplements,
such as folic
acid and
Vitamin D

pregnancy/
 Partake in
regular
physical “The goal of
activity preconception health
 Refrain from care is to optimize the
smoking,
drinking health of every women
alcohol, or and fetus”
other
substances Nancy Fleming
 Know your NURS 3031
personal and
family medical Sarah Ficek, Avery Figliomeni,
history Ashtyn Figliomeni & Ashley

 Stop all Johnson


contraception

NUTRITION AND SUPPLEMENTS SUBSTANCE USE

PRECONCEPTION HEALTH FOLIC ACID Substance use in the preconception period


Preconception health is a women’s Folic acid is important for the healthy predicts substance us during the prenatal
health before she becomes growth of your unborn baby. period. Early screening and interventions
pregnant. There are a number risk are necessary to
HOW CAN I INCREASE MY FOLIC ACID ensure a safe,
factors that you should be aware of INTAKE? healthy and
while thinking about
substance free
pregnancy. It is recommended that women who may
pregnancy.
become pregnant take a supplemental
A healthy pregnancy dose of 0.4 mg of folic acid each day at
WHAT CAN I DO TO PROTECT MY
starts months before least three months before getting
BABY?
conception! pregnant.

Dietary sources of folic acid Preconception substance use is associated


WHAT TO CONSIDER BEFORE include; brown rice, dark with reduced fertility and delay in
CONCEPTION green leafy vegetables, nuts conception among women and men of
and beans. reproductive age.
PRECONCEPTION WEIGHT
For more information on folic acid
Undernutrition in women contributes to Eliminating smoking before or during
intake during pregnancy visit:
20% of maternal deaths and is a pregnancy could avoid 5-7% of preterm-
https://www.canada.ca/en/public-
significant risk factor for stillbirths, related deaths and 23-24% of causes of
health/services/pregnancy/folic-acid.html
preterm births, small for gestational age sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
and low birth weight babies. IRON, VITAMIN B12 & VITAMIN D
AGE
Obesity predisposes women to maternal Insufficient Vitamin D results in calcium Although age is a non-modifiable risk
hypertensive disorders and gestational deficiency and can lead to maternal factor, it is important to take into
diabetes. osteomalacia, pre-eclampsia, and low birth consideration when family planning.
weight babies.
A healthy BMI for pregnancy is between
18.5 and 24.9. Anemic mothers are more prone to have The risk of having a baby with
premature, anemic, and growth-restricted chromosomal abnormalities increases with
HOW CAN I MANAGE A HEALTHY maternal age.
babies.
PRECONCEPTION WEIGHT?
After consulting with your healthcare Adolescent girls between the ages of 15
 Calorie restriction
provider, you may need to increase your and 19 have an increased risk of
 Physical activities
 Have a support system intake of Iron, Vitamin B12, and Vitamin D premature or low-birth-weight babies.
through food sources or supplements.