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The Pressure Vessel Heads article provides you with information about different types of ASME he

How many standard Pressure Vessel Heads are in the ASME Code? What are their characteristics

This article introduces you, different type of Heads, applications and dimensional features.

The Ellipsoidal Head, Hemispherical Head and Torispherical Head are three types of ASME Pressu

See the following Fig. for these heads sketches:

Ellipsoidal Head Dimensional Characteristics:

In the same design condition, such as design pressure, design temperature and material, your cal
shell thickness.

For example if you have calculated your shell thickness under internal pressure and obtained 12 m

The inside depth of your ellipsoidal head (h in above fig.) will be one-fourth of the head inside diam

Your ellipsoidal head knuckle radius is 0.17D and the spherical radius is 0.9D.

Torispherical Head Dimensional Characteristics:

In the same design conditions within the same design pressure, design temperature and material,
equal to 1.77 times the shell thickness.

For example, if you have calculated your shell thickness under internal pressure and obtained 12 m

Your torispherical head knuckle radius is 6% of the inside crown radius, and your crown radius is e

Hemispherical Head Dimensional Characteristics:

With the same same design conditions with the same design pressure, design temperature an
approximately half of the shell thickness.

For example, if you have calculated your shell thickness under internal pressure and obtained 12 m
The inside depth of your hemispherical head will be one-half of head inside diameter (h = D/2).

Dimensional Inspection of Pressure Vessel Dished Heads

You need to make a dimensional inspection on the pressure vessel heads for any effort for the fit-u
radius, skirt length, depth and thickness.

Review the Pressure Vessel Dimensional Inspection Article for a detailed description for heads inspection.

Pressure Vessel Dished Head Joint Efficiencies:

If your dished head is welded and the joint efficiency is 1, then all of your head welds need full leng

If your dished head is seamless and your joint efficiency is 1, your head to shell needs full radiogra

For a more detailed description, please review the ASME Pressure Vessel Joint Efficienciesarticle.