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Unit 5 Gramática Present continuous: affirmative and negative Sujeto + be (not) + forma en
Unit 5
Gramática
Present continuous: affirmative
and negative
Sujeto + be (not) + forma en -ing del verbo
Afirmativa
Negativa
I’m
flying.
I’m not
flying.
You’re
flying.
You aren’t
flying.
He’s
flying.
He isn’t
flying.
She’s
flying.
She isn’t
flying.
It’s
flying.
It isn’t
flying.
We’re
flying.
We aren’t
flying.
You’re
flying.
You aren’t
flying.
They’re
flying.
They aren’t
flying.
Nota: forma en -ing del verbo
Con la mayoría de los verbos, se añade -ing.
fly – flying
eat – eating
Cuando el verbo acaba en -e, esta vocal se elimina
antes de añadir -ing.
dive – diving
practise – practising
Con verbos acabados en vocal + consonante, la
consonante se duplica, y se añade -ing.
sit – sitting
swim – swimming
Uso
El present continuous se utiliza para describir
acciones que se están desarrollando mientras
hablamos.
I’m watching TV.
He’s writing an email.
They’re playing hockey.

Present continuous: questions

be + sujeto + forma en -ing del verbo

Interrogativa

Respuestas breves

Am I flying?

Yes, I am.

No, I’m not.

Are you flying?

Yes, you are.

No, you aren’t.

Is he flying?

Yes, he is.

No, he isn’t.

Is she flying?

Yes, she is.

No, she isn’t.

Is it flying?

Yes, it is.

No, it isn’t.

Are we flying?

Yes, we are.

No, we aren’t.

Are you flying?

Yes, you are.

No, you aren’t.

Are they flying?

Yes, they are.

No, they aren’t.

Preguntas encabezadas por partículas en Wh -

What are you doing?

I’m playing computer games.

Uso La forma interrogativa del present continuous se utiliza para preguntar acerca de acciones que se están desarrollando mientras hablamos.

Nota: en respuestas breves, se incluye el verbo be, pero no la forma en -ing del verbo. Are you studying?’ ‘Yes, I am.’ ‘Is he sailing a boat?’ ‘No, he isn’t.’

Present continuous and Present simple

he isn’t .’ Present continuous and Present simple Uso Present continuous = acciones que se dan
he isn’t .’ Present continuous and Present simple Uso Present continuous = acciones que se dan

Uso Present continuous = acciones que se dan mientras hablamos

Present simple = rutinas y acciones que se repiten

Las frases en present continuous suelen contener expresiones como now y at the moment. We’re having dinner now. What are you doing at the moment?

Las frases en present simple suelen incluir adverbios de frecuencia. We often have dinner at 7.00 p.m. What do you usually do on Saturdays?

Nota: verbos como think, like, love, hate y want no se utilizan en present continuous.

I think sport is fun.

NO I’m thinking sport is fun.

We like football.

We’re liking football.

Mosaic 1 Language Trainer

Unit 5

Gramática

5.1
5.1
Unit 5
Unit 5

Action verbs

/bɪld/

/ˈkæri/

build (v)

carry (v)

climb (v) /klaɪm/

close (v) /kləʊz/ dive (v) /daɪv/ draw (v) /drɔː/ fly (v) /flaɪ/ hold (v) /həʊld/

jump (v)

open (v)

practise (v) /ˈpræktɪs/ sail (v) /seɪl/

/dʒʌmp/

/ˈəʊpən/

Vocabulario

construir

llevar

subir

cerrar

zambullirse, meterse

dibujar

volar

sujetar

saltar

abrir

ensayar

navegar

5.1
5.1

Extra vocabulary

balloon (n) /bəˈluːn/ blog (n) /blɒɡ/ huge (adj) /hjuːdʒ/ model (n) /ˈmɒdl/ tiny (adj) /ˈtaɪni/

5.2
5.2

Equipment

backpack (n) /ˈbækpæk/ binoculars (n) /bɪˈnɒkjələz/ compass (n) /ˈkʌmpəs/ first-aid kit (n) /ˌfɜːst ˈeɪd ˌkɪt/ insect repellent (n) /ˈɪnsekt rɪˌpelənt/ map (n) /mæp/ sleeping bag (n) /ˈsliːpɪŋ ˌbæɡ/ sunscreen (n) /ˈsʌnskriːn/ tent (n) /tent/ tools (n) /tuːlz/ torch (n) /tɔːtʃ/ waterproof jacket /ˌwɔːtəpruːf ˈdʒækɪt/

5.3
5.3

Extra vocabulary

/ˌwɔːtəpruːf ˈdʒækɪt/ 5.3 Extra vocabulary audition (n) /ɔːˈdɪʃn/ charity (n) /ˈtʃærəti/
/ˌwɔːtəpruːf ˈdʒækɪt/ 5.3 Extra vocabulary audition (n) /ɔːˈdɪʃn/ charity (n) /ˈtʃærəti/

audition (n) /ɔːˈdɪʃn/

charity (n)

/ˈtʃærəti/

lively (adj)

/ˈlaɪvli/

musician (n) /mjuˈzɪʃn/

try (v) /traɪ/

Mosaic 1 Language Trainer

globo

blog

enorme

maqueta

minúsculo

mochila prismáticos brújula botiquín de primeros auxilios

repelente de insectos mapa

saco de dormir crema de protección solar tienda de campaña herramientas linterna

anorak, impermeable

casting, audición

asociación benéfica

alegre, animado

músico, música

probar, intentar

Unit 5

Vocabulario

5.4
5.4

Functional language

Having a phone conversation Can I speak to … ?

He / She isn’t here at the moment.

Who’s calling?

It’s … .

Do you want to leave a message?

Can you ask him / her to call … ?

Please tell him / her …