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READING TEST:PART 1 Read the article carefully. Match these chapter headings 1-
8 with the appropriate parts of the article, marked A - G, and put your answers in the
boxes below. You do not need one of the chapter headings..

The Life and Work of J. Tolkein.

Many authors become masters of a particular genre of fiction. But very few
can claim to have had such an effect that they virtually have created the
genre for themselves. One such author is J R R Tolkein. From his prolific
imagination was created not only Middle Earth; the stage for his giant fantasy
The Lord of the Rings, but also a whole genre of fantasy fiction which has
since become known as "sword and sorcery".

Before Tolkein's work was published, fantasy was set in what was very near
to the present for the authors. Also, the genre was very close to horror, and
authors such as Lovell and Bram Stoker moved easily between the two. The
the great American writer Edgar Allen Poe had recently brought out a work of
what we would today call horror stories, but he had entitled it Tales of
Mystery and Imagination, suggesting that he thought of it as fantasy.

Tolkein's distinctive contribution was to create a pseudo-medieval world and

to populate it with wise wizards, bold knights, and a massive cast of other
characters, including dwarfs, elves, and most of the other creatures of our
folk memory. He also created his own contribution, the hobbit. Hobbits were
small people, who had distinctive hairy feet. They were characterised by
honest common sense and rather complex social lives. In all his works, it is
evidently the hobbits with whom Tolkein sympathises the most.

What madeTolkein's work so compelling was that it was a perfectly realised

work of fantasy. Every detail in his stories rings true. This is because Tolkein
spent so much time working and thinking about Middle Earth that the actual
part which we have on paper is only a fraction of his research. His later books
show clearly to what extent he had created this entire world, complete with
detailed maps and even the languages of the major protagonists.

However, although Middle Earth is a towering work of fantasy, it has roots in

reality. The Middle Earth of Tolkein is close to his own native Oxfordshire,
both in the landscapeof the Shire, and above all in the reactions and
behaviour of its characters. The ethos is that of pre-war England, possibly
because Tolkein could conceive of no other mode of behaviour, but more
probably because his book can be read on many levels, and in only the most
basic of the levels is the great struggle between light and darkness

It must be remembered that Tolkein was writing in a time when one Great
War had just finished, and another was about to begin. In his book, he
stresses the bravery, and endurance of the small people without whom
victory is impossible. This was the lesson that Tolkein felt had to be learned
from the horrors of the Great War - the desicions which shape the destiny of
nations are taken by an elite group, but they are implemented by the
common people of the country.
Though his book brought him world-wide fame, Tolkein continued to live
modestly at Oxford University, where he worked. He was a close friend of
another great writer of his day, C.S. Lewis, who also taught there. However,
while Lewis was more relaxed about his fame, Tolkein never really got used
to it, and he was quite embarrassed by the admiration of the many tourists
who came to see him.

1. How to make fantasy seem real. 5. A quiet man

2. A new best-seller. 6. The real Middle Earth

3. Fantasy before Tolkein 7. A new fantasy creature.

4. The Master of Middle Earth. 8. The experience of war

PART 2:Read the text carefully and then answer the questions opposite .


Clothing is a distinctly human artifact. Even more than the use of tools, it distinguishes
humans from the other creatures on this planet. While there are other creatures which use
implements to a greater or lesser degree, clothing is unique to humanity. Clothing is also
uniquely human, in that it serves more than one function.

The basic purpose of clothing was utilitarian. By putting on an artificial skin, humans were
able to move into regions for which they would otherwise have been unsuited. An extreme
example of this use of clothing can be seen among the Eskimos, and other people who live in
extreme climates. However, clothing was not only used for protection from the elements, but
has also been a means of displaying one's status and sense of style for as long as humans
have had civilisation. Thus clothing also developed in countries where there is no real
practical need for it, apart from the other, very human function of preserving the modesty of
the wearer.

Clothing tells us many things about the wearer. It can be used to indicate whether she is a
member of a particular group or organisation, the most extreme example of this type of
clothing being a uniform. It tells us a lot about the importance of clothing that the clothes a
person was wearing have been, literally, the difference between life and death. In war,
soldiers recognise friends and enemies by their uniforms. Spies may be shot if captured, but
if they go about their business in the uniform of their country, they are regarded as
legitimate members of that country's armed forces.

Uniforms can also be less formal. Anyone who has seen a group of teenagers walking
together will have noticed that their clothing conforms to the standard set by their particular
group. Nor are teens the only ones who are subject to such pressures. It is a rare
businessman who does not feel the need to wear a suit and tie. Most politicians also try to be
neat and well-dressed. People who wish to impress others often do so by the selection of
their clothes - sometimes by choosing more expensive versions. This can be seen particularly
in the fashion industry, where clothing by a particular designer fetches prices which are out
of all proportion to the actual utilitarian value of the material.

Therefore, even though we are steadily managing to adjust our micro-environments to

temperatures which are as close to ideal as the human body wants, and even though sexual
taboos of undress are being steadily eroded, it is highly unlikely the there will be no use for
clothing in our future, unless humanity evolves into a completely new species .
1. Clothes are uniquely human 3
because they

5. The author suggests that fashion

in clothing
a. are artefacts

b. have many different

functions a. is ridiculous

c. are made by tools b. is a part of its social

d. are worn when they
are unnecessary c. is used to show
membership of a group

2. The author thinks that d. makes clothes too


a. clothing is an 6. Teenagers wear very similar

implement clothing to their friends

b. there is no real need

for clothing in some countries
a. because they have the
c. clothes are principally same climate
for protection from the
weather b. to avoid looking
different from the others
d. people will always
wear clothes c. because of sexual
taboos of undress

3. Which of the following does the d. to display their status

author NOT give as a function of and style

7. In future clothing will ...

a. To show how wealthy

or powerful the wearer is
a. be worn by other
b. To show the wearer's species
b. be less needed for its
c. To adjust our micro- original function
c. be steadily eroded
d. To avoid indecency
d. become ideal for the
needs of the human body
4. According to the article, uniforms

8. What might be a suitable title for

the article?
a. are mainly worn by

b. have many functions a. The function of clothing.

c. show membership of a b. Clothing as fashion.

c. The future of clothes
d. are alwas worn by
teenagers d. The story of clothes.

PART 3: Read this text and the paragraphs opposite. Decide where the paragraphs go in the
text, and put the correct number next to each. e.g. (X). You do not need two of the paragraphs

(A) ________Alexandria is a seaport in northern Egypt, where the delta of the river Nile
meets the Mediterranean. The modern city is mainly on a peninsula and includes Pharos,
where the famous lighthouse stood in ancient times. The part of the city on the peninsula
today is a characteristically Egyptian town.

(B) _________The city was founded in 332 BC by Alexander the Great, who planned it as
one of the finest ports of the ancient world. His city was large and magnificent. In Alexandria
the different peoples of the ancient Mediterranean lived together.

(C) _________After the defeat of Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, the city came under the rule of
Rome. Its position made it the centre of commerce between East and West, and fleets of
grain ships sailed from Alexandria to Italy year after year.

(D) _________Later the decline of the city almost became ruin, when the Muslims captured
it twice in a hundred years. The city deteriorated further after the opening of the sea route
around the Cape of Africa to India.

(E)__________ At the end of the eighteenth century, Alexandria was captured and held by
Napoleon. The French occupation lasted from 1798 to 1801, when the British destroyed the
French fleet in the battle of the Nile.

(F) ___________In the last hundred years, Alexandria has been Egypt’s gateway to the
outside world. The strong European feel of much of the city has combined with the native
Egyptian culture to produce a unique atmosphere, wonderfully captured by the writer
Lawrence Durrell in his Alexandrian Quintet.

1. Gradually, however, the city lost its the Sinai peninsula and then shipped on to
prosperity. A Jewish revolt let to the Europe from Alexandria.
removal of the Jewish population and the
destruction of a large portion of the city.
5. The more European area is on the
The Roman emperor Caracalla ordered a
mainland. Alexandria is a commercial
massacre of the male inhabitants of the
centre and there are many warehouses for
entire city for plotting rebellion.
cotton, grain, sugar, and wool. The
population is between three and four
2. In fact, the city has long had an million
association with books, and the famous
lost library of Alexandria was one of the
6. Here, the Jews came into contact with
great monuments of the ancient world.
Greek learning, which profoundly
Today the city is working to build another
influenced the later religious thought of
library, which they hope will be as great.
the world. Under the Ptolemies, the rulers
of Egypt after Alexander, the city became
3. The burning of the Great Library of the scientific centre of the ancient world.
Alexandria, with its priceless manuscripts,
is regarded as one of the great acts of
7. The city of Cairo was smaller than
vandalism in history.
Alexandria for most of its existence, but it
was chosen as capital partly because of its
4. Until this time, the businessman of the more central location.
city had made much of their money be
arranging for goods to be brought across
8. But for a few years teams of scientists Alexandria to Europe, where that
and engineers came to examine the continent acquired a fascination with
pyramids and other ancient works. Many Egyptology which has continued ever since
Egyptian antiquities came through


PART 4: Read the article carefully. It tells you the opinions of five people (A - E). Decide which of the
opinions on the answer sheet opposite go with each person, and click next to their name on the answer
sheet. Sometimes you must choose more than one person.

It's tough to be young.

Are you to old to be a child, but too young to be a teenager? We interviewed five kids
between the ages of ten and fourteen, and asked them what were the most difficult things
about being their age. Here are their replies.

A. Robyn, aged ten I think the main problem when you are ten is that if you want to do
something, or you don't like something, no-one cares, because "you're just a kid". My sister
is just two years older than me, yet she is allowed to do all sorts of things I can't, because
everyone thinks I'm still a baby. I don't really care about boys, but I have a friend called
Darren. He's nice, but he's not a boyfriend or anything like that.

B. Sharon, aged eleven. At school it can be difficult with some of the other girls. There are
problems with bullies, and often we have too much schoolwork to do. It's made even more
difficult at home, where sometimes I feel unhappy and frustrated that I can't get on with my
brothers and sisters, and sometimes we fight and then our parents get angry with us.

C. Terry, aged twelve. I have trouble growing up, because I feel I have no control over my
body. Going through puberty is difficult and sometimes it's frightening. You get pimples, and
your voice changes and sometimes you feel really self-conscious. Also, you have more
responsibilities than you had before and you spend a lot of time away from your family so
you have to learn how to look after yourself. All your friends seem to know what they're
doing, and sometimes you feel very lonely and left out.

D. Darren, aged thirteen. I get really stressed out, because there is so much schoolwork.
You've always got homework, and tests to do at the school. And it's frightening that what
you do now can change the way the rest of your life will be. Sometimes, we don't know what
to do, and we don't know who we can ask for help. Also, there is the question of girls. We
feel very embarrassed and self-conscious, everybody talks about going out with them all the
time, and sometimes on feel that I'm the only one who doesn't know what to do when I'm
around girls.

E. Susan, aged fourteen. I spend a lot of time with girls who are my age, and sometimes I
have to fit in with them, even if I don't really agree with it sometimes. Otherwise, people
make you feel you are weird, and different. Also, you don't know what to do about boys.
Everybody else has got a boyfriend except me, but so many of the boys are just so stupid I
couldn't go out with them. It would be nice to talk to someone about it, but the only people I
know well are my friends the same age, and none of them will admit they have any

1. feels that the physical changes of adolescence are disturbing? ______

2. feels ignored? ______
3. thinks that their friends are coping better than they are? ______ ______
4. worries about the future? ______
5. finds that being more independent has problems? ______
6. has problems with people at school? ______
7. has the most problems at home? ______ _____
8. tries hardest to get on with their friends? _____
9. seems happiest with someone of the opposite sex? ____
10. sometimes feel uncomfortable with themselves? _____ _____
11. would like to be older? _____


USE OF ENGLISH Part 1: Choose the words on the answer form below which best
fit the gaps in this text.Then click on the button on the answer page next to that word.
If you change your mind, you can click another button.

Early European Dolls.

Dolls have ..1.. as children’s playthings for thousands of years. However, they were ..2.. manufactured as toys

in large numbers in Germany in the ..3.. century. The centres of the industry were factories at Nuremberg, Augsburg, and

Sonneberg. The dolls were primitive and ..4.. of wood, clay, rags, and wax. They were dressed in clothes to ..5.. German

women of the time. Soon factories in England, France, Holland, and Italy, as well as Germany, began ..6.. dolls dressed

in fashions ..7..of their respective countries. Another ..8.. of doll, "lady" dolls, were extremely expensive and elegant,

and were used as gifts ..9.. the aristocracy. These dolls, and the "fashion" dolls, which were later manufactured in Paris,

have remained popular ..10.. since. Such dolls were often used to model the latest clothing trends and were sent from one

country to another to show off the latest fashions. Today they are prized collector’s ..11. .By the 17th century, however,

..12.. dolls began to appear, made of cloth or leather, and these were very ..13.. as toys for both boys and girls.

There were several improvements in manufacturing. Dolls’ heads became more realistic, and new materials

were used. ..14.. in the 18th century manufacturers developed soft leather which ..15.. like human skin, and this

was used in the more expensive dolls. Dolls began to look, feel, and move more like humans.

brand make breed
existed been used
among for to
initially factored first
also for ever
recent fifteenth fifteen
dolls things prizes
4. constructio
fabricated fabric 12.
n latest cloth then
5. resemblanc adapted suitable useful
be as look like
Soon But Early
6. producin
production produce 15.
g resembled fits covering
clothes typical those

Part 2: Decide which words best fit the gaps in this text, and then write one word in each space. If you
change your mind, you can change what you have written

Film Review - 'Tiger claw'

Twenty years ago Bruce Lee inspired a kind of film which has ______ popular everywhere in the world
______ since - the kung-fu movie. Tiger claw is another kung-fu film, ______ this one is not likely to be
a classic. I don't mean to say that ________is anything particularly wrong with this movie as a ______of
amusement for an evening, but viewers are likely to forget about it as soon as they walk out of the

The plot is rather simple - girl is kidnapped by villian, boy rescues her after a series of car chases,
shootings, and, of ______lots of violent hand-to-hand combat. It all happens in Hong Kong, which is
______the scene for the other five kung-fu films made by director Hu Dekawu. Some of the special
effects are very good, while ________are just ridiculous. If you want to _______what I mean, look for
the scene ______the hero destroys an armoured car by using just a cigarette ____and his teeth.
So _____ you go to see this film? Well, if you like this sort of thing, you will probably think it worth
_______five pounds for. If not, I suggest _______you stay at home and see what is on the TV. _____your
money for the new Spielberg movie coming out next month!

Part 3: Re-write the sentences below without changing their meaning. You must use the
word given in bold without changing it in any way. You can also add up to another four

1. What he did next really surprised us. Taken

We were______________________ what he did next.

2. We will never forget that experience. an

That was ____________________ experience.
3. Terry is the shortest member of the team. Than

No-one in the team ____________________ Terry

4. I really wish that I had studied harder.. more

If only_______________________
5. You will get everything you have ever wanted. Come

All your wishes___________________

6. Everybody thinks that Frank stole the money. Of

Everybody _________________ the money

7. Did she say who the dog belonged to?. dog

Did she say _______________ was?
8. They are going to get married next June.. planned

Their _____________________ next June.

9. I haven't eaten fish since last Wednesday.. time

The __________________________ fish was last Wednesday.

10. . I haven't eaten fish since last Wednesday.. time

If only________________________

Part 4: Look at the passage below and decide which word in each line is not necessary, or is
ungrammatical. Write this word in the box in the answer section, or if the line is correct, put a check in
the box instead.

0. I think everyone should have an ambition - a sort of target for to aim at.
00. And if you do suceed in your ambition, it is a really fantastic feeling

1Last year I succeeded in having an ambition which I have had for many years,

2. and I went on a safari in Africa. Ever since I was a child, I had wanted to go to

3. what the books called the "Dark Continent". By later, when I was a teenager

4. in England, it seemed as though this dream would never come to true, since I came

5. from a poor family, and it was difficult even to afford holidays by the sea.

6. But when I grew older, I went to frequent college, and later qualified as an

7. accountant. Now I have my own business, and by saving in money every year, I had

8. finally enough to take myself and my family go on the holiday of a lifetime.

9. We decided to go to Kenya, and see the animals in the magnificent Serengetti park.

10. When we arrived, it was spring in the Africa, and the park was just beginning

11. to get green. We were amazed at how many animals we could see, and how much

12. unconcerned they were about people in vehicles who managed to come quite close

13. to them and take a lot of photograph pictures. I have now several albums of

14. photographs, and I like to take them out and look at them to remind myself

15. that dreams can become in reality. Now my wife wants to go the Far East!

Answer sheet

01. 03. 05. 07. 09.

02. 04. 06. 08. 10.

11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Part 5: Look at the sentences below and then put the word listed in the correct form into
the space provided.

1. Lynn Jones reviews “The ___________ of the Phoenix”. FLY

2. This film offers beautiful music, _________ desert EVOKE

3. landscapes and _________ human emotions. DRAMA

4. Despite a/an __________ beginning, the film rapidly EXCITE

5. develops, as the ___________ of an air crash struggle SURVIVE

6. against the ___________ desert. Their problem is made PITY

7. worse by the conflicting ____________ of the pilot and PERSON

8. the man who has the _____________ to their problem SOLVE

9. he is an ___________ conceited engineer, and the BEAR

10. others hate him. The ___________ is exciting and CONCLUDE

Unexpected. Go and see it!!


The length of your answer should be between 180 and 200 words. Please write your
answer in the space provided.

You have seen this advertisement in your local paper:

You know that the new building site is on the site of historic woods near your town.
Write a letter to your local newspaper expressing your opinion about the destruction of
these woods.

READING TEST- PART 1:You are going to read a selection of letters from a problem page in an
International English Language magazine. Choose the most suitable heading from the lists in the bottom
screen for each letter (1-7). There is one extra heading which you do not need to use. There is an
example at the beginning (0).

This Month's Letters

See this month's problems and questions submitted to us by learners of English:

0 I
I study English for 6 hours per week in secondary school. For 1 hour each week we have
conversation classes with a native speaker of English where we talk about topics such as
drugs, politics and culture. I know it's a really good opportunity to practise my spoken
English, but I never made a contribution to the discussion. It's not that I don't have an
opinion, or that I'm shy, but more that I don't have the vocabulary to express my views. I
feel really frustrated at the end of the lesson. Nobody else in the group seems to have the
same problem.

I'm a 24-year-old business student from Malaysia and I've been attending English classes
at night school for the past 5 years. Up to now I've considered myself to be a good
student. Last month I went to Britain to visit my relatives over there and it was awful.
Nobody could understand my pronunciation and I couldn't understand them either. What
went wrong? My English teacher is very good and I always score the highest in grammar

I am an intermediate student of English (I have been studying it for 3 years). I'm quite
good at reading and writing but listening is very difficult for me. My teacher suggested
that I listen to the BBC World Service every day in order to improve my listening. The
problem is that it's hard for me to understand every word. Do you have any ideas about
how to make listening to the radio less difficult? I like to keep up with the current news
in particular.

I have studied English for 5 years at school but for the past 6 months I have been doing
self-study using the Internet and books to improve. There are lots of materials to choose
but I'm not sure what is best for me and how I should use them. I really would like to
take the FCE examination but don't know how to study on my own. Should I take a
course in my local school - which is a little expensive for me now - or is it possible to
prepare for the exam doing self-study?

Could you please give me some advice on a problem I have at the moment with my English
studies. I decided to go to the UK to improve my English but the college I am studying in at
present is full of people from my own country. Although the teachers tell us we should only try to
speak in English with each other, it is very difficult to do this, especially in our free time when we
go out together. I am worried that my speaking will not improve.

A. Trouble with teaching method
B. make it easier to comprehend
C. join a class or alone
D. communication breakdown
E. should I point out mistakes?
F.Awful grammar
G. Aiming for perfection.
H. Sorrounded by my own language
I. Unable to express myself


You are going to read a magazine article about crime prevention. For Questions 1-8, choose the
correct answer A, B, C or D.

A recent survey of crime statistics shows that we are all more likely to be burgled now than 20 years ago
and the police advise everyone to take a few simple precautions to protect their homes.

The first fact is that burglars and other intruders prefer easy opportunities, like a house which is very
obviously empty. This is much less of a challenge than an occupied house, and one which is well-
protected. A burglar will wonder if it is worth the bother.

There are some general tips on how to avoid your home becoming another crime statistic. Avoid leaving
signs that your house is empty. When you have to go out, leave at least one light on as well as a radio
or television, and do not leave any curtains wide open. The sight of your latest music centre or computer
is enough to tempt any burglar.

Never leave a spare key in a convenient hiding place. The first place a burglar will look is under the
doormat or in a flower pot and even somewhere more 'imaginative' could soon be uncovered by the
intruder. It is much safer to leave a key with a neighbour you can trust. But if your house is in a quiet,
desolate area be aware that this will be a burglar's dream, so deter any potential criminal from
approaching your house by fitting security lights to the outside of your house.

But what could happen if, in spite of the aforementioned precautions, a burglar or intruder has decided
to target your home. Windows are usually the first point of entry for many intruders. Downstairs
windows provide easy access while upstairs windows can be reached with a ladder or by climbing up the
drainpipe. Before going to bed you should double-check that all windows and shutters are locked. No
matter how small your windows may be, it

is surprising what a narrow gap a determined burglar can manage to get through. For extra security, fit
window locks to the inside of the window.
What about entry via doors? Your back door and patio doors, which are easily forced open, should have
top quality security locks fitted. Even though this is expensive it will be money well spent. Install a
burglar alarm if you can afford it as another line of defence against intruders.

A sobering fact is that not all intruders have to break and enter into a property. Why go to the trouble of
breaking in if you can just knock and be invited in? Beware of bogus officials or workmen and,
particularly if you are elderly, fit a chain and an eye hole so you can scrutinise callers at your leisure.
When you do have callers never let anybody into your home unless you are absolutely sure they are
genuine. Ask to see an identity card, for example.

If you are in the frightening position of waking in the middle of the night and think you can hear an
intruder, then on no account should you approach the intruder. Far better to telephone the police and
wait for help.

1. A well-protected house… 4. The 'aforementioned

a. is less likely to be precautions' refer to steps
burgled that:

b. is regarded as a a. will tell a burglar if

challenge by most your house is empty
criminals. or not.

c. is a lot of bother to b. are the most

maintain. important
precautions to take
to make your home
d. is very unlikely to be safe.

c. will stop a potential

2. According to the writer, burglar.
we should:

d. will not stop an

a. avoid leaving our intruder if he has
house empty decided to try and
enter your home.

b. only go out when we

have to. 5. Gaining entry to a house
through a small window:
c. always keep the
curtains closed. a. is surprisingly
d. give the impression
that our house is b. is not as difficult as
occupied when we go people think.

c. is less likely to
3. The writer thinks that happen than gaining
hiding a key under a entry through a
doormat or flower pot door.

a. is a predictable place d. is tried only by very

to hide it. determined burglars.

b. is a useful place to 6. According to the writer,

hide it. window locks, security
locks and burglar alarms:
c. is imaginative.
a. cost a lot of money
d. is where you always but are worth it.
find a spare key.
b. are good value for
c. are luxury ítems d. gives you time to
check if the visitor is
d. are absolutely
essential ítems
8. The best title for the text
7. The writer argues that
fitting a chain and an eye
hole: a. Increasing household
a. will prevent your
home being burgled b. Protecting your home
from intruders
b. avoids you having to
invite people into c. What to do if a
your home. burglar breaks into
your home
c. is only necessary for
elderly people d. Burglary statistics


Part 3: You are going to read a magazine article about John Prince, a dancer, dance teacher and
choreographer. Seven sentences have been removed from the article on the left. Choose the most suitable
sentence from the list A-H on the right for each part (1-6) of the article. There is one extra sentence which
you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning

Career success in the arts

John Prince, famous dancer and choreographer, gives advice on how to succeed in a career in
the arts.

I asked John how he got started and what requirements there are. "Well, to be a professional
dancer it's useful to have had acting lessons or some background in drama. If you want to succeed
in musical theatre you have to have a good singing voice as well. When you approach an agent
you should take a portfolio with your CV, your statistics sheet and some good photos and reviews
of past performances. You'll need dance clothes, ballet shoes, tap shoes, and even roller skates
depending on what kind of show you are going to go for."
0 H

"Of course, you need to be extremely fit if you want to be a professional dancer. I dance or move
about for about six hours a day. There are great health benefits to being a dancer. I can eat a lot
of pasta without gaining weight because dancing increases your metabolism so much."

John has a very busy schedule in the next few months. He took time out to speak to me today
from the making of a pop video to promote N-ergy's latest record. "I choreographed the dance
routine for the boys and they only had 2 days in which to learn it! I am going to be working on a
video for another well known band - but that's top secret. Next month I'll be touring Spain in a
production of a musical that was written by a friend of mine, Michaela Evans.

As for the future, I've come to realise that I would never be content to be just a chorus dancer -
I'm too much of an individual for that. Like all artists I'd love to become a household name by
writing and choreographing my own musicals."

John was born in Jamaica to a Jamaican father and a Scottish mother but the family emigrated to
England 20 years ago. "I have a little sister I adore, who is also training to be a dancer." How
does it feel to have someone else following in your footsteps?
Has he much more to learn, I wondered. "I've spent an incredible amount of my life training to get
where I am. I went to college for two years in England, I trained for six months in Paris and about
eight months in America. But you never really stop training or learning your art."

So, would you say it's been plain sailing? "I feel I've been lucky to a degree; many people hit
problems breaking into the arts. It can be a vicious circle really. You can't become a member of
Equity, which is the actors' and dancers' union, without good contracts and you can't get good
contracts without being a member of Equity. My advice to people who want to get into the arts
would be to go out into the world, and try everything else first.

What has a dance career done for you as a person? "Thanks to dancing, I've visited and
performed in 23 countries so far. This has opened my eyes to the world, and I've been able to
understand issues like racism and inequality from a wider perspective.

"So all in all I'm really happy to be a dancer!"

A It's fine, but I try not to give out too much advice as it gets irritating!
B And if nothing you like comes out of it, then come back and be an actor or dancer.
C Without a strict daily timetable like this you find yourself wasting too much time.
D After that it's back to England to start a new term of dance classes.
E Hopefully this has enabled me to become a better and more tolerant person as a result.
F When it comes to coping with stress, I find that exercise helps me to cope with my
problems, so I stay in good shape mentally as well.
G Like any profession where you're always travelling, you tend to acquire something new
almost every day.
H Being fully equipped with all this stuff beforehand makes it easier when you go for

Part 4 You are going to read a magazine article about various local campaigns. For Questions 1 to 13,
choose from the people (A-D).

A Homes For All

Organisations that help the homeless are warning that people will face even greater hardship this winter
unless urgent action is taken to offer shelter to those without a home. This warning follows publication of
figures showing an increase in the number of homeless people. Susan Evans of the organisation 'Homes
for All' said: "With a shortage of accommodation, more people than ever before - young and old - are
having to sleep rough. A cold winter is predicted this year which means that these people will have to put
up with sub-zero temperatures. Action must be taken urgently to offer these people shelter." A nationwide
demonstration to raise awareness of the problem will take place this weekend. Supporters welcome.
B Village Protest
Residents of local village, Shilden, are preparing for a night of protest to save their village from
Government planners. Proposals for a new motorway to be built that will run within 2 kilometres of Shilden
have caused uproar amongst residents. They claim that they were given insufficient time to respond to the
proposal. Tony Fellows, spokesperson for the 'Village Protest' campaign explains: "The planned route cuts
across some of the most picturesque countryside in the region. Shilden welcomes thousands of tourists
each year. Many of the shopkeepers depend on this trade and would almost certainly face ruin if tourists
were put off coming by the damage this road is likely to cause". The all-night protest will take place in the
fields where the building work is likely to begin.
C New Youth Club
Youngsters in the city-centre will lose out on a much-loved project if substantial funds are not found this
year. The 'New Youth Club', which is open to young people from the ages of 10 to 17, is being threatened
with closure by Health and Safety officials who claim the building is unsafe. The club, built 30 years ago,
was badly damaged by heavy storms last year and city engineers estimate that one hundred thousand
pounds in needed to repair structural damage. With only limited funds at their disposal, managers fear the
club will have to close. Youngsters from the club have organised an Open Day on Tuesday in an effort to
raise some of the money needed to enable the repairs to be undertaken. "This alone won't be enough,
however" warned Adam Ross, Youth Leader.
D Save lea Valley
A rare species of butterfly and many native plants face extinction if the 'Lea Valley office complex' project
goes ahead. This is the claim made by local environmentalists involved in the 'Save Lea Valley' campaign.
They argue that the proposed development, to be built on the site of woodland dating back hundreds of
years, will rob the country of several rare species of wildlife. 'Local people would be horrified if they knew
of the consequences of this project,' claimed environmentalist Ian Wilson yesterday. "We need to instigate
a local campaign to alert everyone to the dangers. We are starting by writing letters to everyone in the
area asking for their support. The office complex developers must not be allowed to do this.".

1. Local business could be badly affected 8. The campaign cannot raise enough
2. People in the area are not aware of the money on its own.
problem. 9. The problem was announced shortly
3. There are plans to build a brand new after a report was published
building 10. Young people are in danger.
4. The campaign supporters do not have to 11. Local people are very angry
meet together. 12. A meeting will inform people of the
5. The problem affects all age groups. problem
6. The problem was caused by bad 13. People did not have the opportunity to
weather. argue against the plan
7. If the plan goes ahead it will spoil the
look of the area.


FCE Reading TEST 2 (Exit)

Part One: Multiple Matching
You are going to read an article about a show. Choose the most suitable heading from the list A-I for each
part (1-7) of the article. There is one extr heading which you do not need to use. There is an example at
the beginning (0).

Putting On The Show

It's showtime ... Copacabana is pure big time entertainment - a musical extravaganza. But what and
who does it take to put on such a production?

0 I
First things first - the words. Working on the script with the show's creator, Barry Manilow, was his old
friend and writing partner, Bruce Sussman. They are about to celebrate 22 years together in the
business. 'In this business, partnerships are usually short-lived,' says Bruce.

Time was not the only obstacle to getting this show on the road. 'Barry's based in California and I'm in
New York, and for us the best time is when we sit down together. Barry and I tend to write
impulsively, our greatest creative ideas happen together when we're around a piano,' he says. 'Barry
was in Australia at one point and he rang me from his hotel and played a tune down the phone to me,'
he recalls, dismissing the difficulties of such an arrangement.

'Even when we think the script is finished, there are usually endless changes, as with any show, even
during the run itself. The scary part is when all the scenery, equipment and lights are about to be set
up - then you have to give up all your power to people who know what to do.'

Costume designer Hugh Durrant had to design over 300 costumes, 200 pairs of shoes and 100 wigs,
as well as intricate jewellery. 'I was given the script and songs, and spent some time researching
clothing of the 1940s and 50s, when the show takes place. It was then a case of sitting down and
making loads of rough sketches and then finalised drawings. Once that was done, it all had to be
approved, and then we sorted out all the details.'

But turning those drawings into the real thing proved difficult. 'It was then a case of finding the right
people to make the costumes, for there aren't many shows in England that have those kind of showgirl
outfits, so finding the right person to make them was quite difficult. That was half the battle of my
work,' says Durrant.

The costumes also have to go together with the stage design, and this is where the design company,
Imagination, came in. They were asked on September 10th to set initial ideas on paper. 'I can
remember the date very well,' recalls Jeremy Sturt, the design co-ordinator at Imagination. 'Two
weeks after that I had a meeting in America with the production team to go over the proposals.' Then
the Imagination team worked on those ideas, trying to work within a budget. 'Drawing up design
proposals that everyone was happy with took about four to six weeks,' says Sturt.

Once the design has been finalised, the process of making the show a living thing follows; engineers
and technicians are called in to take those plans from the paper stage to reality. 'Once that was done
we did a dry run in the theatre, using all the equipment and the scenery changes, and worked out the
timing. This was to iron out any problems and then the exact timings and directions were transfered to
the computer.'

The next step was the casting. Nicola Dawn won the part of Lola, and although she's no
newcomer to the stage, she is a beginner in a leading role. For her it has all been a rollercoaster
of events. 'I auditioned for the part in January, then rehearsals started in February. They were
quite hectic - it was quite a tight schedule, doing a completely new show in four weeks. The
atmosphere was amazing in rehearsals, there's nothing to beat that,' she smiles, playing down
hard work involved. Then it was time for the final rehearsals and then the real thing.

A Re-creating the period

B That's only the start
C A hard search
D Working at a distance
E Trying it all out
F When things go wrong
G Stressful but fun
H Working towards agreement
I A long-standing team
Source: UCLES FCE Handbook (First Edition) http://esl.about.com/gi/dynamic/

FCE Reading
Part Two: Multiple Choice (Page 1, 2)
You are going to read a magazine article about an author. For Questions 1-8, choose
the correct answer, A, B ,C or D.

'A good book for children should simply be a good book in its own right.' These are the words of Mollie Hunter,
a well known author of books for youngsters. Born and bred near Edinburgh, Mollie has devoted her talents to
writing primarily for young people. She firmly believes that there is always and should always be a wider
audience for any good book whatever its main market. In Mollie's opinion it is essential to make full use of
language and she enjoys telling a story, which is what every writer should be doing: 'If you aren't telling a
story,you're a very dead writer indeed,' she says.

With the chief function of a writer being to entertain, Molly is indeed an entertainer. 'I have this great love of
not only the meaning of language but of the music of language,' she says. This love goes back to early
childhood. 'I've told stories all my life. I had a school teacher who used to ask us what we would like to be
when we grew up and, because my family always had dogs, and I was very good at handling them, I said I
wanted to work with dogs, and the teacher always said "Nonsense Mollie dear, you'll be a writer." So
eventually I thought that this woman must have something, since she was a good teacher - and I decided
when I was nine that I would be a writer.

This childhood intention is described in her novel, A Sound of Chariots, which although written in the third
person is clearly autobiographical and gives a picture both of Mollie's ambition and her struggle towards its

Thoughts of her childhood inevitably brought thoughts of the time when her home was still a village with
buttercup meadows and strawberry fields - sadly now covered with modern houses. 'I was once taken back to
see it and I felt that somebody had lain dirty hands all over my childhood. I'll never go back,' she said.
'Never.' 'When I set one of my books in Scotland,' she said, 'I can recapture my romantic feelings as a child
playing in those fields, or watching the village blacksmith at work. And that's important, because children now
know so much so early that romance can't exist for them, as it did for us.'

To this day, Mollie has a lively affection for children, which is reflected in the love she has for her writing.
'When we have visitors with children the adults always say, "If you go to visit Mollie, she'll spend more time
with the children." They don't realise that children are much more interesting company. I've heard all the
adults have to say before. The children have something new.'
Source: UCLES FCE Handbook (First edition) http://esl.about.com/gi/dynamic/

FCE Reading
Part Three: Gapped TextYou are going to read a magazine article about a trip to Australia.
Seven paragraphs have been removed from the article on the left. Choose the most suitable paragraph
from the list A-H on the right for each part (1-6) of the article. There is one extra paragraph which you do
not need to use. There is an example at the beginning.
Trip to Australia

The noise of the engines changed, became louder. After a slow, 36-hour flight from England to
Australia, we were about to land. I looked at Maureen, my teenage dauighter, sitting beside me,
and gave her what I hoped was a reassuring grin.
0 H

I was about to see my elder sister Sheila, who had gone to live in Australia 13 years previously,
for the first time in as many years. Since she left England, we had all but lost touch. Now, in just a
few minutes, I was going to see her. The plane dipped lower. I could see a sunlit field below, with
a small building to the side. The plane touched the ground.

And then, we were in the airport building. My sister stood there, instantly recognisable, and we
gave each other a hug. At last, I knew that I'd done the right thing in going, that it had been
worth all the saving, all the organising.

She sent our mother a plane ticket, so they could spend Christmas together. On New Year's Day,
while my mother was there, I plucked up the courage to phone. It was the first time Sheila and I
had spoken in eleven years.

I'd never even left Europe before. The first thing I had to do was save. So I put a small amount
away each month and over eleven months it built up into a tidy sum, enough for me and my
daughter to spend a month in Australia.

Having done that, we chose an inexpensive Far Eastern airline, which stopped off at about five
places. But we didn't mind that particularly - we were going to see the world. We started our
journey on a Sunday evening. We arrived in Australia on Wednesday, towards noon.

'Does it feel foreign?' Sheila kept asking, as she showed me around her home. It was very
Australian - single storey, with a family sitting room in the cellar. But it didn't strike me as foreign
- I felt at home there.
When she got itchy feet after going to Australia, she saved for her own adventure. She's currently
travelling round the world, and she's just been staying with her Aunt Sheila. The family link carries on.

A It felt good, if strange, to hear her voice

again, and I heard myself saying, 'You never E I realised afterwards that getting to Australia
know, you might see me there one of these was a great achievement - as well as the
days.' Sheila answered: 'Do you really mean knowledge that if you plan in advance, and
that?' And suddenly, the throwaway remark save on a regular basis, you can afford to go
became a real possibility. anywhere. The world really is open to you as
Maureen realised.
B It must have been the adrenalin that kept us
going when we reached our destination. Sheila, F We walked down the steps, and I was
Maureen and I sat up late that night, talking surprised to find that although it was early
non-stop as we caught up on just some of our summer, it wasn't particularly warm. It was
news. jumper weather.
C Mike, my husband, decided not to go, and G The long preparation was essential, because
our son, Michael, was busy at work. But it gave me time to get funds together, and shop
Maureen was still at school, and we both felt it around for a good deal on flights - important,
would be a wonderful adventure for her, as well as prices vary so much.
as moral support for me. H I don't know who I was trying to convince,
D The plan had been hatched eleven months her or me. The fact was, I was feeling incredibly
earlier. After many years, my sister suddenly nervous. And the nerves were mixed up with
decided it was time to reinforce old familiy ties. jetlag, tiredness and excitement.

FCE Reading
Part Four: Multiple Matching (Page 1, 2)
You are going to read a magazine article about various people who have run restaurants.
For Questions 1 14, choose from the people (A-D).
Wouldn't it be fun to run a restaurant!
People- ordinary, sane, decent but untrained people - have decided that it would be wonderful to
start their own restaurant.

Roger Bates, knew he wanted his own restaurant when he was 23. But he didn't make his move until he was
39. The property he and his wife, Sandra, bought is a restaurant with rooms for guests, which is down a quiet
lane on the wooded slopes of a beautiful valley. 'People will come and find you if you are good enough. That
was the challenge.' Roger says the only unpredicted difficulty was the attitude of some of the customers. 'It
was hard to get used to being treated like servants.' For Sandra, the most demanding part was the physical
work. She also had the difficulty of taking over someone else's staff and someone else's menus. She gradually
changed the menus, and she has a little more time off now that the business is established.

Tony and Gina Wignell of Strathlachlan in Scotland, have spent their whole lives in the hotel and catering
industry. They have made one major sacrifice, however, as by moving into a restaurant they have taken a
considerable drop in income for a better quality of life. Tony and Gina used to manage a hotel, which provided
financial security but never-ending work. Moving to the restaurant has meant working seven days a week in
the high season, but they can make time for themselves by shutting in the afternoon. And by closing down
entirely during the off-season, they get a clear two months off. But they found it hard to combine being in the
restaurant trade with bringing up a family. Despite this they carried on and their children, now 18 and 20, look
back and say that they never realised that there was any other life.

It's a similar story for Tina Bricknell-Webb and her husband Tony. 'I'm on my feet for such long hours. You
have to be incredibly strong to do this job.' Tina's first experience of cooking in a restaurant was when the chef
walked out three days after it opened. Gradually, her confidence has built up. For Tony and Tina the hard work
has been made worthwhile by a special award for excellent food. Tony believes their restaurant works because
they run the show themselves. 'If you have a place like this, the customers want to see you there every time
they come in. You're an actor and they've bought your performance with the price of a dinner.' Clearly proud
of their achievement, the Bricknell-Webbs admit there have been sacrifices. They have no social life and no
children. If they did start a family, the restaurant would have to go.

David and Jane Blackford found this to be true. When their restaurant opened for business they had two
small children. 'When they were very small we could manage by putting them to bed early but later there was
a real conflict of interest. On Saturdays and Sundays we'd sit them down in front of videos. I ended up feeling
it was David and the restaurant against me and the children.' When David caught pneumonia, they made their
decision. The family had to come first. 'One day we may have another adventure in the restaurant trade, but
for the time being putting up the 'closed' sign has been a great relief.

Perhaps David and Hilary Brown have the most perfect arrangement. Ever since they met at school in their
teens they had dreamt of having a restaurant. While other teenagers went out to clubs, David and Hilary
saved up to go to restaurants. When they saw a little restaurant for sale outside Edinburgh, they couldn't
resist. Now the restaurant, which holds thirty people, is their whole life. It is well known for its food and
appears in the best guide books, so people are prepared to travel long distances to eat there.
Source: UCLES FCE Handbook (First edition) http://esl.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?

FCE Reading TEST 3

Part One: Multiple Matching

You are going to read an article about a day in the life of a footballer. Choose the most
suitable heading from the list A-I for each part (1-7) of the article. There is one extr
heading which you do not need to use. There is an example at the beginning (0).
A day in the life of Jim Barber, Scottish Footballer
Jim Barber is a centre forward for Glasgow Rangers football club. He talks to Paul Sullivan about a
typical day in his life.

0 Getting started
I don’t usually get up till 8.30. On a match day I’ll get up even later. I’ll sit in bed, watch breakfast TV
for a while, and then I’ll go down, get the mail, have a coffee and read the papers. I’ll have a wash and
then I’ll get ready to go to the club. Rangers is probably the only club where the players have to come
in every morning wearing a shirt and tie; it’s a traditional thing and I quite like it really.

Every day except Sunday, I’ll be at the club by 10. It’s a short drive but I’ll still usually be a few minutes
late. I’ve a bad reputation for being late, and I’ve been fined many times. Each day of training is in
preparation for the next match. We’ll do some weight training and some running to build up stamina.
Players work on particular aspects of the game but tactics are usually left till match day.

After training I’ll usually have a sauna and then we’ll have lunch: salads and pasta, stuff like that. In the
afternoon I just try to relax. I started playing golf with the rest of the lads, and I love horse racing, too.
My other great hobby is music which helps me to escape the pressure of work.

The best thing in football is scoring goals - and I’m a top goal-scorer. It feels absolutely fantastic but I
never feel above the rest of the team; if I did, I wouldn’t last two minutes in the dressing room. Any
success I have is a team success. My idol in the past was always Kenny Dalglish. My idols now are the
other Rangers players.

The matches themselves are always different from each other. You go through a lot of emotions during
a game but really it’s a question of concentration. You’ve got just 90 minutes to give everything you’ve
got and take every chance you can. There’s luck and there’s being in the right place at the right time,
but you can’t make use of those without concentration and responsibility.

Sports writers often talk about age but it’s not something that bothers me. I’m 30 and feel fantastic. I
missed a few games last year due to injury and my place was taken by a young player at Rangers. We
are friends but he is a threat to my position. My job is to score goals and if I don’t I’ll be replaced.

I try not to let football rule my home life but my wife would probably disagree; last year we only got
three weeks’ holiday. It’s difficult for Allison, my wife, but I think she’s learned to accept it. She likes
football and comes to the matches. I do like to go out and see friends but I always have dinner with my

We’ll usually go to bed about midnight. Sometimes I do worry when I think of the day it all ends and I stop
scoring. That scares me and I can’t see myself playing for any other team, either, but the reality is that the
players don’t make the decisions. If someone makes your club a good enough offer for you, they’ll accept it.
But I try not to let things like that bother me.

A Domestic matters
B Time off
C All players are different
D Putting in the practice
E Working together
F Keeping my standard up
G What makes a good player
H Not my choice
I Getting started
Source: UCLES FCE Handbook
Transformations 1: Rewrite the second sentence so that it has a similar
meaning to the first. Use no more than 5 words (FROM

1.You must never take your helmet off while you are riding a motorcycle. all

Helmets must be worn ____________when riding a motorcycle.

2 They wanted to apologise for their behaviour: that's why they paid for dinner. order

They paid for dinner _____________________for their behavior.

3 It isn't necessary to bring skis as they are included in the package. have

You _______________bring skis as they are included in the package.

4. I thought parking was allowed here. under the impression

I __________________that parking was allowed here.

5.Tom said, "I will be playing tennis when you arrive." he

Tom said ____________________tennis when I arrived.

6 When I was a child, we would go to the local park every Saturday afternoon. used

When I was a child, ________________ the park every Saturday.

7 His daughter continued to cry until he could not be seen any longer.sight

She continued to cry until he __________________ .

8. I'm afraid that car is just too expensive. means

That car is ______________.

9. They moved to this suburb in 1997. lived

They ______________________________in this suburb since 1997.

10. One other thing before I forget - Jack is coming to visit next weekend. by

__________________, Jack is coming to visit next weekend

TRANSFORMATIONS 2: Rewrite the second sentence so that it has a similar

meaning to the first. Use no more than 5 words.

1. They managed to finish the project in time for the presentation. succeeded
They ________________________ the project in time for the presentation.

2. Maurice didn't come to the meeting yesterday. Perhaps he was ill. might

Maurice ___________________ yesterday.

3. Jane allows her children to stay up to midnight on Saturday evenings. let

Jane _________________ late on Saturdays.

4. Luckily, Peter wasn't charged with an offence when the police caught him
stealing the first time. off

Peter was very lucky because he ________________.

5. Can I accompany you to the party? mind

Do you _______________________to the party?

6. I wish you didn't drive so fast. only

If ________________________ so fast.

7. I think Tom needs to see a doctor. His cough is terrible. ought

With that terrible cough, Tom __________________ a doctor.

8. You should feel horrible! Why did you say that to Jack? shame

_____________________! Why did you say that to Jack?

9. The authorities said she wasn't responsible for the accident. fault

The accident____________________.

10. "Why don't you take a holiday?", said Peter. suggested

Peter ____________________a holiday.

TRANSFORMATIONS 3:Rewrite the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning

to the first. Use no more than 5 words.

1. I haven't seen Tom for ages. since

It's been a long time ______________________Tom.

2. They were still playing tennis after three hours. been

They ___________________ for three hours.

3. He didn't want to join in the celebrations. take

He didn't want __________________the celebrations.

4. What a shame he wasn't able to come. wish

I wish _______________________come.

5. I took a sweater but it wasn't necessary. taken

I _____________________ a sweater.

6. If you don't know how to spell the word, why don't you check in the dictionary?

Why don't you ________________ in the dictionary?

7. Somebody should tell him. told

He needs _________________ by someone.

8. The concert was horrible. time

The concert was a complete ______________________.

9. He couldn't find me at the exhibition. find

He wasn't able _____________________ me at the exhibition.

10. She let her son go to New York for the weekend. allowed

She ______________________ to New York.

Rewrite the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first. Use no
more than 5 words.

1. I haven't seen her for ages. time

The _______________________ was 15 years ago.

2. I didn't understand what he was saying because I hadn't read his book. would

If I had read his book I ______________________ what he was saying.

3. As the class representative I would like to welcome you. behalf

I'd like to welcome you ___________________ the class.

4. They believe the students were educated in Canada. believed

The students __________________ educated in Canada.

5. He escaped using a disguise. means

He escaped ______________________ a disguise.

6. Remind me to call Jack. forget

Don't let ________________________ Jack.

7. This pasta is a new experience for me. time

It is _____________________ I have tried this pasta.

8. She has probably found a new job. likely

It _______________________________a new job.

9. I don't agree with prohibiting smoking in bars. favour

I'm not ______________________ prohibiting smoking in bars.

10. It doesn't need to be finished this afternoon. finish

It ______________________________ this afternoon.

Rewrite the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first. Use no
more than 5 words.

1. Pittsburgh is less exciting than New York. as

Pittsburgh ____________________ New York.

2. He couldn't read the cup because it was too high. low

He cup wasn't ___________________ for him to reach.

3. She didn't accept his marriage proposal. down


4. We were told to wait here by the director. who

It was the director ______________________ to wait here.

5. Can you look after the kids this afternoon? of

Can you ____________________the kids this afternoon?

6. "Why don't you take a day off?" asked Jim. should

Jim suggested _____________________ a day off.

7. He acts like a poor man even if he has a lot of money. fact

Even though he acts like a poor man, he __________________has a lot of

8. I didn't mean to break that vase. on

I didn't break that vase _________________________.

9. Jack says Jenny is responsible. according

It's Jenny's _________________ Jack.

10. I was so bored by his lecture I left. boring

His lecture was ___________________ I left

Rewrite the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first. Use no
more than 5 words.

1. I am afraid I'm still having problems with understanding life in New York. used

I _____________________ living in New York.

2. I think we need to get a new car. in

We need to get a new car_____________________ .

3. I'd prefer it if you didn't smoke in here. mind

__________________ smoking in here.

4. Many people were delayed because of the traffic jam. number

___________________ were delayed by the traffic jam.

5. It was such an interesting novel I stayed up all night to finish it. so

The novel was ____________________ I stayed up all night to finish it.

6. Although he was able to do the job, he wasn't given the position. despite

________________________ to do the job, he wasn't given the position.

7. You should take the train instead of the bus. were

If______________________ , I'd take the train instead of the bus.

8. Can you describe him to me? like

What ________________________ ?

9. It isn't necessary to buy a first class ticket. have

You _____________________ a first class ticket.

10. I'm sure he was at home last night. must

He __________________ at home last night

VOCABULARY: Confusing Words – 1

( from http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/bl_confusing1.htm?)

Confusing words are words that are very similar and commonly confused. Choose the correct
word to complete the question. Each question has only one correct answer. When you are
finished click on the "Next Question" button. There are 50 questions to this quiz. Try to use
only 30 seconds per question. At the end of the quiz, you will receive quiz feedback.

1. The _____ applauded enthusiastically after the performance was finished.



2. I haven't seen him ____ over five years.


3._____ the fact that it was difficult, the exam also included questions that we had
never studied before.



4. I told my boss that I wanted a big _____.



5. The article's _____ read "Politician Wants Answers".



6. His opinion had no _____ on my decision.



7. He _____ down for a short nap.



8. Could you give me the _____ for that wonderful dessert?



9. They _____ his passport on entering the country.



10. Please finish your work _____ five o'clock.



11. He was cooking dinner ______ the football match.



12. Could you go to the store and get me some _____?



13 I need to ______ a new button onto my shirt.



14. You will find the book _____ the lamp on the table.


15. You can choose from _____ four prizes!


16. It's so hot! I need to find some _____.



17. _____ his having studied French, he found the course very difficult.



18. The movie was _____ boring he fell asleep!



19. Try to use your ______ when answering this question.



20. I _____ how my friend was doing in Rotterdam.



21. He should be arriving _____.



22. They went to a basketball ____ on Saturday night.



23. Unfortunately, unemployment is on the ____ again.



24. I wasn't able to do any work because of the _____ interruptions.



25. You can't wear those trousers! They are _____.



26. Did Henry Ford _____ the car?



27. The car needs to have its _____ repaired.



28 _____ I'm concerned, you can come along.

As long as

As far as

29 _____ he was reluctant to help, he finally lent a helping hand.



30 The _____ of the school welcomed the new students to classes.



31 Olympia is the _____ of Washington State.



32 That painting by Picasso is _____.



33 Have you decided _____ you would like to come?



34 You shouldn't leave litter _____ on the ground.



35 I spent my evening _____ television.

looking at


36 The political situation is _____ very unstable.



37 Art _____ is a very subjective matter.



38 Art _____ is a very subjective matter.



39 The car tried to _____ the bus on the freeway.



40 You will just have to _____ his decision.



41 Could you wait a moment? I would like to stop ____ my mother.

to telephone


42 Could you give me some _____ on this problem?



43 Please ______ me to pick up some bread at the market.



44 John _____from me $50 until next Monday.



45 He _____ us about his trip to Chicago.



46 His help with the contract was _____.



47 He is a very _____ person. He always has time to listen to people's problems.



48 Jack went to the library to _____ the latest Stephen King novel.



49 Mary _____ us we had made a good decision.



50 He _____ the book on the table.



51 Unfortunately, he made quite a serious _____ while working on the plumbing.



52 I hope our services ______ your expectations.



53 All the children are coming _____ John.



54 The professor was given ______ to materials in the research library.



55 Some people feel that his _____ to the President was unnecessary.



56 Are we _____ to leave on vacation?

all ready


57 There is _____ too much violence on TV today.

all together


58 Is there _____ we can put off the meeting until tomorrow?

any way


59 The outcome of the project was entirely _____. He planned every step!



60 The police threatened to _____ the faulty goods.



61 Jack felt _____ the outcome would be in his favour.



62 They created a ______ design for a Halloween mask.



63 I ordered ______ even though I was already full.



64 The lawyer would like to ______ a response from his client.



65 Congratulations! You are ______ for the grand prize.



66 He is an ______ expert in his field.



67 I'd like to _______ from France, but I don't know where to move.



68 They _____ his motives are less than pure.



69 I didn't _____ the solution. I just guessed!



70 Did they win or _____ the game last week?



71 His voice made an amazing _____ impression.



72 The ______ department is looking for three new employees.



73 Should we _____ with the project or wait until July?



74 Children tend to be rather _____ and need something to keep them occupied.



75 This attachment is a ______ that allows you to clean your curtains.



76 He stated that his decision to let 20,000 go was entirely _____. It was simply an
economic necessity.



77 I went to John to seek _____ on my current situation.


78 The Uncertainty _____ was posited by Heisenberg.



79 The _____ scene was completely unexpected.



80 He strove to _____ an invention to eradicate the need for monthly upkeep.



Action Idioms Quiz – 1 ( from: http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/)

Choose the correct word or phrase to complete the action idiom in the question. Each
question has only one correct answer. When you are finished click on the "Next Question"
button. There are 24 questions to this quiz. Try to use only 1 minute per question. Each
question provides a definition of the phrase without the answer to help students improve
their understanding of common action idioms. At the end of the quiz, you will receive quiz

1. Tom is really trying hard to _____ his smoking habit. MEANING: to stop doing
something habitual. Usually used with smoking or drinking




2. The stock market crashed so I guess I can _______my profit goodbye.
MEANING to forget about something, except something as not existing
anymore in your life





3. When you get to Japan, make sure to _____ me a line and let me know how you
are doing. MEANING: to get in contact, usually by mail




4. Jack was _____ the wall with impatience. MEANING : to become extremely





5. I wish the boss would _____ off on his demands. MEANING :to wait





6. Peter's father _____ his lid when he heard about his poor grades. MEANING: to
become very angry





7. Have you seen Mary's new computer? She must have _____ a bundle!
MEANING: to spend a lot of money





8. The next time Jim offends you, just _____ him down and he will probably leave
you in peace. MEANING: to confront




9. Don't complain about your boss! You should never _____ the hand that feeds
you. MEANING to respond in a negative manner to your employer or





10. I'm so depressed. I think that I've truly _____ bottom this time. MEANING: to
be very sad or depressed





11. It's time to _____ the bullet and start studying for the exam. MEANING to
accept a situation





12 If you want him to buy you a new car, why don't you _____ a hint? MEANING:
to give a hint to someone





13 He _____ over backwards to help Bob find a new job. MEANING: to make
every effort possible




14 Luckily, Jane _____ up for me when the teacher accused me of cheating.

MEANING:to defend someone





15 I'm afraid I can't make it today. Can I _____ you a rain check? MEANING: to
promise to do something later, you can't do now





16 If we go shopping on our way home from the lecture, we can _____ two birds
with one stone. MEANING :do two things with one action





17 I _____ the roof when my son told me he was going to get married at the age of
17! MEANING: to become very angry





18 We _____ time by playing some video games. MEANING: to waste time





19 I tried to _____ abreast of the situation in my home town. MEANING: to keep

up to date, remain informed about





20 Bye! I've got to _____ the books because I have a test tomorrow. MEANING:
to study





21 I was just _____ the numbers and I'm afraid we don't have enough money.
MEANING to calculate finances or statistics





22 I have to go to the supermarket. It looks like we are _____ out of food.

MEANING :to have very little of something and needing more, usually used
with basic supplies like food, gas, money etc.





23 I was _____ out of my mind thinking about what could have happened to Tom.
MEANING to become crazy




24 I went over to Nancy's house to _____ her company. MEANING:to provide

friendship to someone





Common Phrases Quiz - 2

Choose the correct word or phrase to complete the idiomatic phrase in the question. Each
question has only one correct answer. When you are finished click on the "Next Question"
button. There are 12 questions to this quiz. Try to use only 1 minute per question. At the
end of the quiz, you will receive quiz feedback.

1. I love sitting in front of an open fire. I feel as snug as ____ in a rug.





2. It doesn't help to remind him. It just goes in _____ and out the other.

one hand

one foot

one ear

one eye

3 Doesn't it seem like they are giving you ______ when you call tech support?

the eye

the ear
the underdog

the runaround

4 I hate to throw _______ on your idea, but do you really think she will approve?





5 Once in a ______ I go to the theater.

blue sun

blue day

blue moon

red moon

6 Remember, half a ____ is better than none!





7 Let's meet with Harry. We can kill two ____ with one stone.





8Tom blew the ______ on his colleague's illegal actions.




9They're selling computers ____ cheap at Jack's Tech Shop.





10If you need him, he can turn on a ____ and help you immediately.





Common Phrases Quiz - 3

Choose the correct word or phrase to complete the idiomatic phrase in the question. Each
question has only one correct answer. When you are finished click on the "Next Question"
button. At the end of the quiz, you will receive a quiz with feedback.

1. He may seem quite successful. Just remember that all humans have feet of





2. He must have got the job. He looks like the cat that swallowed the _______.





3. I didn't mean to put your nose _______. I'm sorry.

in a sling

out of order
out of joint

in a bind

4. Go to Jack's Auto. You'll get a _____ deal.





5. Sometimes, I'm afraid I've spread myself _____ to do everything I need to for
my job.

too extended

too thin

too slim

too big.

6. Beware of Peter, but he's a _____ in sheep's clothing.





7. I was so hungry I made a ______ for the kitchen.





8. You need to keep a stiff ______ no matter what! Don't get nervous!


right arm


9. I think you can take what he says at _____ value.





10. I wish you'd be honest with me. Don't lead me down the ________.

hiking path

garden path

hiking trail

garden trail

Prepositional Phrases - Quiz 1

( from: http://esl.about.com/library/quiz/)

Choose the correct preposition to complete the prepositional phrase in the question. Each
question has only one correct answer. When you are finished click on the "Next Question"
button. There are 20 questions to this quiz. Try to use only 1 minute per question. At the
end of the quiz, you will receive quiz feedback.

1. I'd rather have wine ____ beer.

instead than

instead from

instead to

instead of

2. : _____ bad weather, the trip will be postponed to next week.

In case

In case of

In case to

In case from

3._____ my fellow employees, I would like to thank management for all they have
done to improve our situation.
In behalf of

To behalf of

On behalf of

From behalf of

4.We finally solved our problem ____ a new device created by our research and
development department.

from means of

by means of

by means from

by means to

5. _____ me, I will be happy to dedicate a few extra hours to the cause.

As for

As of

As to

As from

6. You will have to remember that, _____ John, no one wants to work on this

apart to

apart from


apart of

7. How can they be going out?! Jane has nothing _____ Peter.

in common

in common to

in common of

in common with

8. _____ John, they won't finish the project until the end of next week.

According in

According from

According to

9. I'm all ____ helping out the poor when in need.

in favour of

in favour to

in favour for

in favour from

10. We will have to postpone our trip _____ the bad weather.


because to

because of

because from

11. Because of the _____ interest in our product, we are going to stop production
of the 'whamo ring'.


lack of

lack from

lack in

12. _____ the large number of requests we have received, we are going to extend
the sale to the end of the month.

Due to

Due of

Due from


13 _____ our friendly staff, you'll find our hotel provides everything you could ever
In addition

In addition of

In addition to

In addition from

14. There is a mysterious car _____ the gate.

in front of

in front to

in front from

in front

15. She was a fearless woman who acted _____ her health.

without regard to

without regard for

without regard

without regard of

16. ______ your proposal Tom, I'm afraid we won't be able to approve your

With regards

With regards to

With regards of

With regards from

17. Learning English is sometimes difficult. However, you should remember that
communication is ______ the most important thing.

by far

by far of

by far to

by far from

18. I'm afraid I've charged you too much _____. Sorry about that!
on mistake

from mistake

to mistake

by mistake

19. You are going to have to work overtime _____ your responsibilities at home.

regardless to

regardless of

regardless through

regardless about

20. Please don't be angry with me. I didn't break the toy ______.

to purpose

from purpose

on purpose

about purpose

Prepositional Phrases - Quiz 2

Choose the correct preposition to complete the prepositional phrase in the question. Each
question has only one correct answer. When you are finished click on the "Next Question"
button. There are 20 questions to this quiz. Try to use only 1 minute per question. At the
end of the quiz, you will receive quiz feedback.

1. The local police are talking to Tom. I think he is _____ for the crime.

under suspicion

to suspicion

from suspicion

in suspicion

2. I'll make sure your instructions are followed _____.

at once

to once

from once

in once
3. Jack is clearly ____ when it comes to speaking a foreign language.

to a disadvantage

from a disadvantage

at a disadvantage

in a disadvantage

4. I'm sure he didn't mean to break the window. It must have happened _____.

in accident

to accident

from accident

by accident

5. Remember you are _____ to buy the product. Take it home and try it out for a
week. If you don't like it, just return it to the store.

under no obligation

to no obligation

from no obligation


6. _____ , John comes to every lesson right on time.

Without fail

With fail

Never fail

Rarely fail

7. It is _____ an easy test. Make sure to study hard!

by no means

through no means

under no means

over no means

8. I guess we'll just have to wait for a response _____.

until now

for now

by now

to now

9. ____ he considered looking for a new job, but then he decided to try a few more
months in his current position.

On first

To first

At first

From first

10. I'm afraid we can't do anything about that ____.

in the moment.

to the moment.

from the moment.

at the moment.

11. I'm afraid you can't enter this bar because you are ____.

without age


under age

at age

12. They learned all their lines for the play _____.

from heart

by heart

to heart

in heart

13. We're going to have to concentrate on improving customer service _____ .

at my point of view

to my point of view
from my point of view

under my point of view

14. Don't worry about the stereo. It's still _____ so we can get it fixed.

under guarantee

with guarantee

to guarantee

over guarantee

15. _____, I want you to focus on improving your grades at school. Otherwise, we'll
have to cancel this summer's plans.

From now in

From now on

Until now on

By now on

16. There are many things you can do to get in shape. ____, you can go to the
local gym.

For instance

To instance

On instance

From instance

17. _____ he finishes the projections, we'll have done the necessary research to
complete the project.

Until the time

By the time

At the time

In the time

18. She's very pleased that they were able to sell their house _____.

at a profit

to a profit
by a profit

from a profit

19. The situation is horrible here. Things are going _____.

to bad to worse

to bad from worse

from bad to worse

from bad from worse

20. He's been living in Italy _____.

to ages

from ages

for ages

since ages

Prepositional Phrases - Quiz 3

Choose the correct preposition to complete the prepositional phrase in the question. Each
question has only one correct answer. When you are finished click on the "Next Question"
button. There are 20 questions to this quiz. Try to use only 1 minute per question. At the
end of the quiz, you will receive quiz feedback.

1. You can trust John to have everything _____.

over control

through control

for control

under control

2. Those customers are ____ the most demanding we've ever had.

so far

by far

from far

since far

3. Unfortunately, I might have to leave for Boston _____.

for short notice

to short notice

under short notice

at short notice

4. _____, you're just going to have to try and get along with your new boss.

To better or worse

From better or worse

For better or worse

Through better or worse

5. It'll cost $500 _____.

at most

for most

to most

under most

6.I think we'll go to the mountains this year _____.

under a change

through a change

for a change

to a change

7. They learned all their lines for the play _____.

for heart

by heart

from heart

to heart

8. They should arrive by six o'clock _____.

at the latest

for the latest

in the latest

to the latest

9. You've arrived _____!

to last

for last

in last

at last

10. Life is funny that way. Things are going badly and then,_____ , good things
start happening and you're on your way to better times.

under warning

without warning

at warning

from warning

11. Our teacher knows all the students ____ even though there are more than 40
of us.

from name

by name

in name

to name

12. ____, he finally decided to go ahead with the new marketing project.

From any rate

To any rate

In any rate

At any rate

13. It seems that our investment is _____ , so I'll need to fly to our headquarters
to discuss the situation.

in risk

to risk
from risk

at risk

14. You should have waited ____ a half an hour.

from least

at least

to least

until least

15. Janet assured them that she would have finished the report ____.

until then

by then

to then

at then

16. All I can say is that, _____ , you're going to have to spend more time practising
your listing comprehension skills.

at personal experience

of personal experience

from personal experience

in personal experience

17. I'm afraid I was _____ that you enjoyed working here. I must have been

over the impression

from the impression

under the impression

to the impression

18. ____, did you know that Mark and Susan are getting married next week?

At the way

By the way
In the way

From the way

19. I met John at the market this afternoon ____ .

at chance

to chance

in chance

by chance

20. He's going to stay in Memphis and look for a job _____.

by a while

for a while

until a while

since a while

FCE Use of English Return to Spotlight Paper 3

Part 1: Multiple Choice Cloze

FROM : http://esl.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?

1) Synonyms
You should be able to identify the correct word from a selection of similar words
that matches a particular context or goes with another word:
Complete each sentence by choosing the best word.
work job career employment

1. Would you like to meet for a coffee after ..........?

2. He's decided to take a part-time ..........

3. The number of people in full-time .......... has risen this month.

4. If you commit a crime it will destroy your .......... .

journey trip tour ride

5. How was the bus .......... to work today?

6. She's going on a six-week .......... of Australia.

7. You won't see her until she's back from her skiing ..........

8. Can I go for a .......... on your bike?

quiz exam test trial

9. If you work hard you should pass the FCE .......... .

10. Today our teacher is giving us a short grammar .......... .

11. At the end of the lesson she'll give us a fun .......... .

12. I'm going to work for them for a .......... period.

2) Collocations

You will need to be able to identify common collocations, that is words that go

Choose the answer A, B, C or D that completes each sentence.

1 He tried to .......... her some advice but she wouldn't listen.

A give
B suggest
C recommend
D take

2 Have you .......... out the invitations to the party yet?

A posted
B sent
C dispatched
D delivered

3 I wonder if you could .......... me a favour and carry this box for me.
A make
B do
D give
E hold

4 Could you just stand there quietly without .......... a sound?

A creating
B doing
C causing
D making

5 She's slowly getting .......... after the accident.

A better
B over
C well
D improved

6 Your father looks really different in this picture but I can .......... it's him.
A know
B identify
C tell
D choose

7 The recipe for vegetable soup has a number of different .......... .

A parts
B components
C ingredients
D elements

8 Guess who I .......... into in the supermarket today?

A knocked
B bumped
C hit
D banged
3) Phrasal Verbs

Phrasal verbs are frequently tested in Part 1 of this paper. You need to look
out for missing verbs or prepositions/particles.
Choose the answer A, B or C that completes each sentence.

1 You'll be able to ....... that book out of the library.

A bring
A take
C move

2 We have to ....... ahead if we want the party to be a success.

A plan
B go
C push

3 She didn't say goodbye before she ....... off. She must be upset about
A switched
B rang
C cut

4 Although it was a wonderful job offer he decided to ....... it down in the end.
A pass
B take
C turn

5 When I saw his awful haircut I burst ....... laughing.

A out
B into
C in

6 As time goes ....... we do more damage to the environment.

A beyond
B forward
C by

7 She has decided to take ....... a new hobby.

A over
B up
C on

8 Could you repeat that? I couldn't quite make ....... what you were saying.
A out
B up
C over
4) Phrases/Expressions

There are many set expressions that you are likely to be tested on in this
Choose the answer A, B, C or D that completes each sentence.

1 After a great deal of discussion we were all .......... agreement that we should
have a party.
A for
B at
C on
D in
2 Thanks for telling me about that website. I'll keep it .......... mind.
A in
B on
C to
D about
3 What do you do ....... a living? I'm a computer programmer.
A as
B by
C for
D of
4 Our train's been cancelled. We'll have to listen out ....... an announcement.
A for
B to
C about
D on
5 She isn't going to university next year. She's had a change of ........ .
A attitude
B thoughts
C heart
D tune
6 There are lots of different sweets to choose from. Just ....... your pick.
A make
B take
C do
D select
7 If you want to buy that motorbike you'll have to take .......... a loan to do it.
A down
B on
C up
D out
8 The success of the school play was thanks .......... all the hard work involved.
A to
B for
C in
D of
5) Linking Words

Make sure you know the difference between the common linking words used in

Choose the answer A, B or C that completes each sentence.

1 Studying abroad is a great opportunity. .......... the other hand, you might find yourself
getting homesick.
A By
B In
C On
2 He did hardly any work before the exam. .........., he managed to pass.
A Although
B Nevertheless
C Despite
3 Life in a big city is more stressful than the country. .......... it can also be expensive.
A Further
B Addition
C Moreover
4 Some people have said the play is boring. .......... the contrary, I found it absolutely
A On
B In
C At
5 The law regarding dangerous driving has been changed. As a/an .......... ,more people
are going to prison.
A effect
B result
C outcome
6 The company is making a number of changes. In other .......... it seems that there are
going to be a number of job losses.
A words
B ways
C sayings
7 She bumped into her ex-boyfriend in the street, .......... all her efforts to avoid him.
A through
B spite
C despite
8 The team played well in the first half. In .........., during the second half they
completely lost control of the game.
A contrary
B contrast
C context
FCE Use of English test 1 from: http://esl.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?zi=1/

Part One: Multiple Choice Cloze:For Questions 1-15, read the text below and
decide which answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.

Example: (0) A hour B minute C time D day

Our Ship Sets Sail

There was so much to do at the last (0) ... that there was not
time to be nervous. All of us wanted to be on our way (1) ... to
sea, but there was still one more problem to overcome: the
anchor became (2) ... under a rock. We (3) ... it a mighty pull,
but it would not come loose. In the end a fishing boat had to pull
us (4) ... .
The crowd waved and as we sailed out of the mouth of the river
and passed the cliffs (5) ... on each side, I turned back and
(6) ... a sight that will remain in my memory for ever: two
hundred or more people were (7) ... their way to the cliff-tops for
a final (8) ... . The sight had a dreamlike (9) ... because the sun
was (10) ... in the west and the evening light picked out the
shapes of the people climbing the hill. The figures were tiny and
black, all hurrying (11) ... one direction and with the same
(12) ... towards the farthest tip of the cliff.
(13) ... we were well away from the entrance to the river and
there was no longer any (14) ... of the tide carrying us back onto
the rocks, I (15) ... the crew to raise our sails. We were finally
on our way.

1 A out B across C down D under

2 A stuck B fixed C attached D held
3 A took B put C gave D let
4 A clean B free C safe D secure
5 A mounting B raising C rising D lifting
6 A realised B looked C saw D remarked
7 A making B setting C going D moving
8 A scene B view C vision D outlook
9 A quality B state C condition D capability
10 A lowering B drawing C setting D closing
11 A for B to C in D at
12 A scheme B sense C meaning D intention
As soon
13 A B In case C As long as D If only
14 A alarm B anxiety C risk D concern
15 A B said C demandedD ordered
Part Two: Open Cloze: For Questions 1-15, read the text below and think of the
word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space.

Example: 0 - than
Nicolas-Francois Appert (1749-1841)

Tinned food and drink is big business: every day more (0) ...
175,000 million tins are sold throughout the world. The process
by (1) ... food products can be preserved in tins was invented in
1810 by a Frenchman (2) ... Nicholas-Francois Appert.

His father ran a small hotel, (3) ... . Appert learned about
preserving fruit and vegetables (4) ... a boy. He then became a
cook and sweet-maker and grew fascinated by the idea of (5) ...
able to preserve food for (6) ... than is naturally possible. He
experimented with various foods and finally (7) ... in preserving
vegetables, fruit juices and jams. What he did (8) ... to put the
food in glass containers which were then boiled for a long time.

In 1810 the French government offered a prize to (9) ... who

invented a means (10) ... preserving high-quality food. The food
was needed (11) ... feed Napoleon's rapidly expanding army and
navy. Appert won the prize and with the money he received he
set (12) ... a commercial food-preserving factory. At (13) ...
Appert used only glass jars and bottles but in 1822 he changed
to metal containers. His achievements (14) ... widely praised
and his method was soon in use throughout France and the
(15) ... of the world.

Source: UCLES FCE Handbook (First Edition)

FCE Use of English (Exit)

Part Three: 'Key' Word Transformation: For questions 1-10, complete the
second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do
not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

I haven't seen you for years.
It's (been ages since I) saw you.
1. This is a 'no smoking' office.
You ........................................ in this office.

2. Maria didn't listen carefully to the news broadcast.

Maria didn't ........................................ the news broadcast.

3. Sally decided not to do her homework and went to a nightclub.

Sally went to a nightclub ........................................ homework.

4. I expect you were completely exhausted by the end of the evening!

By the end of the evening ........................................ exhausted!

5. "Is cleaning the room now really necessary?.

"Does this room ....................................... now?

6. Lisa's grandfather is teaching her Chinese.

Lisa ........................................ her grandfather.

7. It's too cold for swimming today.

We could go swimming ........................................ cold today.

8. If you're not travelling more than 10 kilometres from the city centre, you can use this
If you're travelling ........................................ the city centre, you can use this ticket.

9. Did you mean to hit him or did it happen accidentally?

Did you hit him ........................................ an accident?

10. 'I'm sorry I forgot your birthday,' Harry told Mary.

Harry apologised ...................................... her birthday.
Source: UCLES FCE Handbook (First Edition)

FCE Use of English from: http://esl.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?

Part Four: Error Correction: Read the text below. Some of the lines contain an
extra, incorrect word. If there is an extra, incorrect word in the line, write the word on the right of
the line. If the line is correct, write 'OK'.
There is an example at the beginning.

0 OK
00 do
Looking For A Job

0 I finished university six months ago and I've got a degree in

00 business administration. I enjoyed do the course very much
1 although I realise I should have been studied a lot harder! A few of
2 my friends have already got all full-time jobs but most, like me, are still
3 waiting for something suitable to turn up. Meanwhile, I make sure that
4 I keep myself being busy. I look through the job advertisements in the
5 newspapers every day and I also ask all the people I know to tell
6 me if they will hear of any vacancies where they work. What I'm
7 looking for is something challenging, and I would certainly be happy
8 to move to another city or even work myself abroad for a while. The
9 salary is not so important at this stage, provided I earn enough for to
10 live on, because I don't want to continue having to be depend on my
11 parents, although they are very much generous to me. At the moment,
12 I'm working in a nearby restaurant two evenings of a week, washing
13 up and generally helping out, which brings in a little bit money. The
14 other people who working there are very friendly, and many of them
15 are in the same kind situation as me, so we have lots to talk about.
Source: UCLES FCE Handbook (First Edition)

FCE Use of English (Exit)

Part Five: Word Formation: Read the text and then write the correct form of the word
in CAPITALS to complete the gaps. There is an example at the beginning.
Example: 0 traditional

Puppet Shows
Puppets are dolls representing
(0) traditional or modern characters in TRADITION
stories. They are a popular form of
(1) ... for both children and adults. ENTERTAIN
Some puppets seen in Europe today
were (2) ... created in Italy in the ORIGIN
1500s. A puppet show was an (3) ... EXPENSIVE
way to enjoy yourself so people could
go to see the same (4) ... again and PERFORM

So what is the continuing (5) ... of the ATTRACT

puppet show? Used (6) ... by artists, CLEVER
puppets have a living magic. However
beautiful, funny or (7) ... to look at, they FASCINATE
are really simple tools used by artists
to express their ideas, (8) ... and PERSON
character. Of course they must have
great technical (9) ... but the fun and ABLE
charm come from the way the artists
establish (10) ... with the audience. COMMUNICATE

Source: UCLES FCE Handbook (First Edition)

FCE Use of English test 2 from:

Part One: Multiple Choice Cloze

For Questions 1-15, read the text below and decide which answer A, B, C or D
best fits each space.

Example: (0) A bank B border C shore D coast

The London Tea Trade

The London Tea Trade Centre is on the north (0) ... of the River
Thames. It is the centre of an industry of (1) ... importance in
the (2) ... lives of the British. Tea is without (3) ... the British
national drink: every man, woman and child over ten years of
age has (4) ... average over four cups a day or some 1500 cups
annually. Some thirty per cent of the world’s exports of tea
makes its (5) ... to London. Britain is (6) ... the largest importer
of tea in the world. Samples of the vast amounts of tea brought
into the country to (7) ... the national thirst go to the London Tea
Trade Centre, where they are tasted by (8) ... professional tea
tasters before being sold at each week’s tea sale. It is
fascinating to see them at (9) ... . Over a hundred samples are
(10) ... in a line on long tables. Teas are generally tasted with
milk, (11) ... that is how the majority in Britain drink their tea.
The tasters move down the line with surprising (12) ..., tasting
each sample from a spoon and deciding what is a (13) ... price
for each tea. The types of tea that are popular in Britain are
(14) ... inexpensive but they are of a very high quality. The best
are delicate (15) ... of numerous teas from different sources and
countries of origin.

1 A high B wide C great D large

2 A common B typical C everyday D usual
3 A doubt B dispute C disbelief D uncertainty
4 A for B by C at D on
5 A route B way C direction D journey
6 A considerably B by far C largely D by much
7 A satisfy B match C answer D serve
8 A effective B skilled C developed D handy
9 A action B operation C practice D work
10 A composed B put up C settled D laid out
11 A out of B since C so D owing to
12 A speed B hurry C rush D dash
13 A fine B right C fair D deserved
14 A roughly B comparativelyC slightly D approximately
15 A mixtures B associations C unions D gatherings
Source: UCLES FCE Handbook
FCE Use of English (Exit)

Part Two: Open Cloze: For Questions 1-15, read the text below and think of the
word which best fits each space. Use only one word in each space.

Example: (0) doing

Department Stores
In 1846 an Irish immigrant in New York named Alexander
Stewart opened a business called the Marble Dry-Goods
Palace. By (0) ... so, he gave the world something completely
new - the department store. Before this, no-one (1) ... tried to
bring together such a wide range of goods (2) ... a single roof.
The business did very (3) ... . It expanded rapidly and soon had
(4) ... staff of two thousand. For Stewart even that was not
enough, (5) ... . In 1862 he moved to an eight-storey building
nearby, (6) ... he renamed A.T. Stewart's Cast Iron Palace. It
was, (7) ... for many years would remain, the largest shop in the
Others followed Stewart's example and soon there were stores
(8) ... his in many major cities in the United States. We don't
(9) ... when people started calling them department stores. The
expression wasn't used in print (10) ... 1893, when it appeared
in Harper's Magazine, but the way that it is used there (11) ... it
clear that it was already widely understood.
(12) ... is certain is that department stores completely changed
the shopping experience for millions of people. They offered not
only an enormous range of goods, (13) ... also levels of comfort,
luxury and excitement previously unknown to customers.
Almost from the start they had restaurants, toilets and many
(14) ... facilities, so (15) ... was no need to go elsewhere for

Source: UCLES FCE Handbook

FCE Use of English (Exit)

Part Three: 'Key' Word Transformation: For questions 1-10, complete the
second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do
not change the word given. You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

I haven't seen you for years.
It's (been ages since I) saw you.
1. Why are you interested in taking up a new hobby?
Why ........................................ up a new hobby?

2. "Have you seen my gloves anywhere, Eric?" asked Mrs Noble.

Mrs Noble asked Eric ........................................ her gloves anywhere.

3. Suzanne was too excited to sleep.

Suzanne was ........................................ not sleep.

4. Robert has not had a job for two years.

Robert has ........................................ for two years.

5. "I will complete the work only if you pay me 500 pounds extra," said Frank.
"I will ....................................... you pay me 500 pounds extra," said Frank.

6. The thief ran past you so I'm sure you saw his face.
The thief ran right past you so ........................................ his face.

7. The clients demanded to stay in a first-class hotel.

The clients ........................................ in a first-class hotel.

8. I don't object to the council building a new road here.

I ........................................ the council building a new road here.

9. The author wrote her latest novel while she was staying in Majorca.
The author's latest novel ........................................ stay in Majorca.

10. The newspaper offered Lynda 5,000 pounds for her story, but she refused.
Lynda ...................................... of 5,000 pounds from the newspaper for her story.

Source: UCLES FCE Handbook

FCE Use of English (Exit)

Part Four: Error Correction: Read the text below. Some of the lines contain an
extra, incorrect word. If there is an extra, incorrect word in the line, write the word on the right of
the line. If the line is correct, write 'OK'.
There is an example at the beginning.

0 over
00 ok
A Holiday Job

0 Congratulations on getting over your teaching diploma. Your

00 parents must be really proud of you. I've got some great news.
1 one of my father's friends who has a small travel agency, and
2 she has been very kindly given me a holiday job. It was
3 difficult in the beginning because I tend to find it very hard to
4 get up in the morning. My boss is very keen on some punctuality,
5 and because I was often late I got into terrible trouble
6 at first. So I make sure of I'm always on time now. I have to
7 work very hard and, although the pay isn't much good, I'm
8 quite enjoying myself so far yet. The main thing I've learnt
9 to do is how to give up detailed information to customers over the
10 phone. Unfortunately, I also have to make the coffee and do other
11 boring things! Sometimes there's no-one except from me in the
12 office and it gets really busy. I intend to working until the end of
13 the month and then I'm going off on a short holiday by the
14 sea, where I just hope I'll manage to relax myself on the
15 beach before going back to college in next month
Source: UCLES FCE Handbook

FCE Use of English (Exit)

Part Five: Word Formation: Read the text and then write the correct form of the word
in CAPITALS to complete the gaps. There is an example at the beginning.
Example: 0 ability

Computers That Play Games

Computers have had the (0) ... to play ABLE
chess for many years now, and their (1) ... PERFORM
in games against the best players in the
world has shown steady (2) ... . However, IMPROVE
it will be years before the designers of
computer games machines can beat their
(3) ... challenge yet - the ancient board BIG
game called 'Go'. The playing area is (4) ... CONSIDERABLE
larger than in chess and there are far
more pieces, so that the (5) ... of moves is COMBINE
almost (6) ... . The game involves planning END
so many moves ahead that even the (7) ... IMPRESS
calculations of the fastest modern
computers are (8) ... to deal with the SUFFICIENT
problems of the game.
In a recent (9) ... for computer 'Go' COMPETE
machines, the best machine beat all its
rivals, but lost (10) ... to three young HEAVY
schoolchildren, so there is obviously still
a lot of work to do.

Source: UCLES FCE Handbook


FROM: http://esl.about.com/gi/dynamic/offsite.htm?zi=1/
PART 1: For Questions 1-15, read the text below and decide which
answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.

Example: (0) A native B real C natural D raw

Write the Perfect Crime Novel
Most people are born with the (0) ... ability to (1) ... stories, but
only a rare few have the determination to become (2) ... authors,
and even fewer have the joy of seeing their novels top the (3) ...
of bestselling books. Some of the world's famous crime writers
have achieved the (4) ... success of all. Who can (5) ... the
appeal of famous detectives like Sherlock Holmes, Miss Marple
or Hercule Poirot? Even if you haven't read the (6) ... books you
will have seen them in films or on the TV.
If you have an ambition to become the (7) ... Agatha Christie
what should you do? The best starting (8) ... is to read lots of
examples of crime fiction written by good authors. You will need
a notebook to carry around with you or, (9) ... better, some
loose (10) ... of paper that you can (11) ... notes on and then file
into a folder. After all, the most (12) ... situation - for example,
watching a woman get (13) ... a train - may be the (14) ... for
your first bestseller.
Like any good recipe you have to know the main (15) ... of a
successful novel. These are: an original story, strong characters
and a memorable setting.

1A say B tell C speak D announce

2A occupied B employed C working D professional
3A queue B list C row D line
4A largest B greatest C highest D prime
5A deny B refuse C insist D hide
6A first B initial C early D original
7A next B following C subsequentD later
8A spot B tip C point D mark
9A even B still C very D so
10A strips B sheets C layers D pieces
11 A complete B do C fill D make
12A standard B everyday C average D regular
13A out B down C off D from
14A notion B idea C invention D inspiration
15A parts B ingredientsC pieces D sections

PART 2: For Questions 1-15, read the text below and think of the word which best
fits each space. Use only one word in each space.
Example: 0 – in

Too Good to be True

Some say you can do it in seven days, others promise success
(0) ... 24 hours, or you may prefer to take (1) ... time and do it in 5
weeks. What are we talking about? Believe it (2) ... not, these
periods (3) ... time refer to language learning courses that
promise excellent results in less time (4) ... it takes to say
However, the advertisements of these companies are not
necessarily (5) ... best guide and if you don't know what to look
(6) ... in a good course you could be left with little (7) ... than a
large bill.
A complaint was recently made (8) ... SpeedLearn Systems and
the company has been forced to remove its claim that its
technique is ten times better than any (9) ... method. The
Managing Director of SpeedLearn Systems said (10) "... we still
believe our claim is true, we are willing to change our advert. But
the fact remains, if you (11) ... 3 hours (12) ... day for 5 weeks
on our language course you will soon be speaking the language.
What we (13) ... have done was to make (14) ... clearer in the
advert. Then we wouldn't (15) ... had these annoying

PART 3: For Questions 1-10, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar
meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given.
You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

I haven't seen you for years.
It's (been ages since I) saw you.
The referee ....................................... for arguing.

6. Do you and your brother have the same looks?

Does ........................................ you?

7. That’s the garage where I left my car last week.

That’s where I went ........................................ last week.

8. You can't bring food into this room.

You ........................................ food into this room.

9. What do you think Steve is doing in the garden?'

She ........................................ in the garden.

10. I've tried again and again but I just can't do it.
No ......................................try, I still can't do it.

PART 4: For questions 1-15, read the text below and look carefuly at each line. Some of the
lines are correct, and some have a word that should not be there.
If a line is correct, put a tick at the end of the line. If a line has a word that should not be
there, write the word at the end of the line. There are two examples at the beginning.

0 to
00 OK

Travelling Light
The last time I travelled to abroad started off quite
00 badly. I had arrived in Amsterdam and was at the

1 station for buying a train ticket to Munich. I was going

2 to visit a friend there and after that to travel down to

3 Greece for a long holiday. I just bought my ticket

4 and turned round to pick up my bag from the floor

5 and realised that someone had stolen it. I ran all over

6 the station trying to find it but it was quite gone. Luckily I

7 had had my passport and all my money in my jacket,

8 but the only clothes I possessed were the ones I had them

9 on. I had been looking forward to the holiday for so long

10 and didn’t want to cancel it though. I quickly decided to

11 continue on with the journey and caught the next train to

12 Munich. It felt very much strange travelling without any

13 luggage, in fact it was lovely not to have to carry

14 around a heavy bag. When I eventually arrived at my

15 friend lent to me lots of clothes, so I did at least

have the chance to change!

PART 5: For Questions 1 - 10 Read the text below. Use the word given in CAPITALS
at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.

Example: (0) CRITICISM

Dress Code
UK companies have received (0) ... from CRITIC
a business forum for what their report refers to as
a rather narrow-minded attitude towards the dress
code for office workers. This follows a case in
which a male (1) ... working in the post room of a EMPLOY
large (2) ... in the United Kingdom received a ORGANIZE
(3) ... for wearing jeans to work. SUSPEND
Whilst the report accepts that there is a need for
people dealing with (4) ... to look well dressed, CUSTOM
it questions whether employees who work behind
the scenes necessarily need to dress formally.
The authors of the report made a (5) ... between COMPARE
the UK and other European nations where
employers seem (6) ... about the need for their CONCERN
workers to wear smart clothes in the office.
Their (7) ... is based on research that claims ARGUE
workers are far more (8) ... when they have the
(9) ... to dress in a way that they feel most FREE
(10) ... in. COMFORT


From: http://esl.about.com/gi/dynamic///www.flo-
PART 1 : For Questions 1-15, read the text below and decide which
answer A, B, C or D best fits each space.
Example: (0) A in B at C of D to

No More Classes
The use (0) ... computers has meant students can study language
programmes (1) ... their own speed when and for how long they
want - and no need to (2) ... about the teacher having a favourite
or doing (3) ... another boring lesson. What’s (4) ... , in the virtual
classrooms of the future the student will (5) ... on their headset,
and be transported into an imaginary school, choose their class,
take the books they need off the shelf and (6) ... conversations
with other computerised students.
They might (7) ... choose to pay a visit to the supermarket or the
train station, the bank or the restaurant. At the (8) ... of a
button they would be transported to (9) ... realistic settings where
they could practice their English, maybe getting a hand (10) ... a
virtual English companion. All this perhaps, at the computer, from
the comfort of their home: no (11) ... to catch the bus to college,
or a plane to England.
Exciting? Certainly, and an interesting (12) ... to traditional
classroom lessons. But would it ever (13) ... the classroom?
Hopefully not. (14) ... the need to relate to real people talking
about real issues and generally learning a little more about
others will always lead language learners to (15) ... at least
a little of their time with real people.

1 A with B for C at D in
2 A concern B upset C trouble D worry
3 A still B for C yet D already
4 A more B additional C besides D moreover
5 A place B put C set D get
6 A take B do C catch D hold
7 A although B preferably C instead D contrary
8 A force B hit C depress D push
9 A so B such C like D alike
10A with B to C from D for
11 A role B duty C obligation D need
12A difference B opposite C choice D alternative
13A replace B restore C succeed D recover
14A definitely B mainly C totally D surely
15A spend B make C have D do

PART 2: For Questions 1-15, read the text below and think of the word which best
fits each space. Use only one word in each space.
Example: 0 - for

Camping Holidays
Although it has a reputation (0) ... being rather basic in terms of home
comforts, the modern material used in (1) ... manufacture of tents
means camping is at least a (2) ... less hard work. Nowadays tents
are (3) ... lightweight that you hardly notice you're carrying them.
They're easy to (4) ... up yet still a cheaper alternative to hotel
Talk to an expert first before spending a lot of money (5) ... a tent.
Different tents suit different needs and there's no point (6) ... buying
a mountaineering tent (7) ... you're planning to camp in these
conditions. Don't (8) ... tempted to splash out on all the latest
equipment either. Most (9) ... the fun of camping lies in the chance
to get back to nature. There's no need to take anything more (10) ...
the basics.
Always try to plan your arrival at the site long before (11) ... gets dark.
You will want to see (12) ... you're doing when you try to erect your
tent. Don't forget to ask (13) ... permission if you're not camping on a
registered site, and remember to take a supply of food and drink with
you in (14) ... the local shops are closed when you arrive. You can
then enjoy your first meal under the stars and begin (15) ... appreciate
the joys of camping

Key Word Transformation

PART 3: For Questions 1-10, complete the second sentence so that it has a similar
meaning to the first sentence, using the word given. Do not change the word given.
You must use between two and five words, including the word given.

I haven't seen you for years.
It's (been ages since I) saw you.

1. 'Why don't you come over for dinner at the weekend?' he asked her.
He .................................. for dinner at the weekend.

2. His boss won't tolerate lateness.

His boss won't .................................. lateness.

3. The school I studied at last year was better than this one.
This school ................... my last one.

4. Although the weather was terrible we had a good time.

We had a good time .................... the terrible weather.

5. Being rude is inexcusable.

There is ............................. rude

6. I find driving on the left in England very strange.

I ..................................... on the left in England.

7. I regret taking up smoking.

I ..................................... smoke.

8. The police are interviewing the suspects.

The suspects ..................................... by the police.

9. Sally asked me 'Have you had a nice holiday?'

Sally asked me ............... a nice holiday.

10. We've missed the last bus so there's no point in waiting

It .................. as we've missed the last bus.

PART 4: For questions 1-15, read the text below and look carefuly at each line. Some of the
lines are correct, and some have a word that should not be there.
If a line is correct, put a tick at the end of the line. If a line has a word that should not be
there, write the word at the end of the line. There are two examples at the beginning.

0 OK
00 have

Dear Sally
0 This is just a short note to let you know about my
00 new college. You know that I have arrived in Cambridge
1 last week, don’t you? Well, my host family met with me
2 at the airport and drove me to their home. They're a
3 really such nice family and I’m enjoying myself a lot.
4 The college where I’m studying it is also lovely. The
5 teachers are helpful and I’ve met a lot of students from
6 different countries. As soon as we will have the opportunity,
7 we are going to have a party. I’m pleased that there are
8 not many people from Italy because of I want to improve my
9 English. Unfortunately the weather has been horrible.
10 When I had arrived at the airport it was raining and
11 it feels much more colder than in my country.
12 Anyway, my host family are happy for me to have the
13 visitors so if you would like to come and stay for a little
14 while I could show you around in the city. If you come
15 soon maybe you can come to the party! Write me back
soon and let me know if you would like to come.

PART 5: For Questions 1 - 10 Read the text below. Use the word given in
CAPITALS at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same

Example: (0) BIGGEST

Kitchen Hygiene
The next time you go to the supermarket don't
forget to buy the (0) ... bottle of kitchen cleaner BIG
you can to (1) ... your work surfaces. INFECT
Recent (2) ... research in America has shown that SCIENCE
the kitchen is often the most (3) ... of all the rooms HYGIENE
in the home.
The (4) ... of food, heat and dampness means the COMBINE
kitchen is (5) ... a breeding ground for bacteria that POTENTIAL
can cause stomach upsets and vomiting.
The study at the University of Arizona examined
15 homes over 30 weeks. Levels of (6) ... were CLEAN
certainly not below average yet cutting boards
and dishcloths were found to contain bacteria in
far greater number than elsewhere in the home.
(7) ... say ignorance is the cause of the problem RESEARCH
and point out that (8) ... cleaning can lead to ADEQUATE
serious food poisoning.
The (9) ... ? Make sure you clean all work surfaces SOLVE
(10) ... and keep an eye on that dishcloth! DAY

Word bank sample paper

1.Topic Areas


Translation/Example sentence
Phrasal Verbs


Topic Areas (Example page)

2. Mind map

Topic: Travel
3. Word Formation CHART

Noun Verb Adjective Adverb



1. D 2. - 3. B 4. A
5. G 6. E 7. C 8. F


1. B 2. D 3. C 4. C
5. B 6. B 7. B 8. A


A. 5. C. 1. E. 8.
B. 6. D. 4. F. 2.


1. C. 7. B. and A.
2. A. 8. E.
3. C. and D. 9. A.
4. D. 10. C. and D.
5. B.
6. B. 11. A.

Use of English:
part 1:

1. A 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. C
6. C 7. B 8. D 9. A 10.C
11.D 12.D 13.B 14.C 15.D

Part 2:Your answers might be different but still correct. If you are not sure, check
with a teacher.

1. become 2.ever 3. though/but

4.there 5. form 6. course
7. also 8. others 9. see
10. where 11 lighter 12. should
13. spending 14. that 15. save
Part 3:Your answers might be different but still correct. If you are not sure, check with a
1. We were taken aback by what he did next.
2.That was an unforgettable experience.
3. No-one in the team is shorter than Terry.
4. Never before has anyone done that.
5. If only I had studied more.
6. All your wishes will come true.
7. Everyone suspects Frank of stealing the money.
8. Did she say whose dog it was?
9. Their marriage is planned for next June.
10.The last time I ate fish was last Wednesday.
Part 4:
1. having 2. had 3. by
4. to 5. 6. frequent
7. in 8. go 9.
10. the 11 much 12.
13. photograph 14. 15. in
1. flight 2. evocative 3. dramatic
4. unexciting 5. survivors 6. pitiless
7. personalities 8. solution 9. unbearably
10. conclusion