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International Journal Of Science and Engineering

Volume 2, Number 1 - 2014

PP: 13-16 ©IJSE
Available at www.ijse.org

A Novel Approach for Environment Monitoring

System by Using Propeller Display
Priya Srivastava 1, Smarth Talwar 1, Suman Kumar 1, Navneet Sharma 1

Akhilesh Kumar Singh Yadav 2, Manorma Kaushik 2

B.tech students of Electronics and Telecommunication Department
Assistant Professor, Electronics and Telecommunication Department
Vishveshwarya Group of Institute, G.B.Nagar
Email- srivastavapriya800@gmail.com

Abstract – This paper explains a project which is a special kind of environment monitoring system by using a propeller
display. Environmental monitoring can be defined as the systematic sampling of air, water, soil, and biota in order to
observe and study the environment, as well as to derive knowledge from this process [1]. Propeller display can be called as
7 LEDs innovation. Here 7 LEDs are used which are displaying digital and analog time programmed by the
microcontroller. Here we describe a microcontroller-based propeller display that display any message sent to it via hyper-
terminal of a personal computer.

Monitoring can be conducted for a number of purposes, including to establish environmental “baselines, trends,
and cumulative effects” , to test environmental modeling processes, to educate the public about environmental
conditions, to inform policy design and decision-making, to ensure compliance with environmental regulations, to
assess the effects of anthropogenic influences, or to conduct an inventory of natural resources [2]. So it is important
that environment variables, such as humidity, temperature, light intensity and air quality are continuously monitored
and corresponding systems adjust to maintain a comfortable working environment. All the mentioned parameters are
displayed in propeller display. The basic principle used is Persistence of vision. As the LEDs rotate at high speed
they can be controlled with the help of micro controller so as to glow them in such a combination that a floating
display is formed. It can be used in place of various LCD displays when packaged in a proper way thereby leading
to a cheaper way. The main challenge is to power the rotating PCB and then to program the controller so as to
achieve a floating display.


Figure 1. Shows the basic block diagram of environment monitoring system. The heart of the system is Arduino
Uno board with microcontroller ATmega328. Other components are temperature sensor, humidity sensor, light
intensity sensor, air-quality sensor. In the transmitter section we are using the sensors to measure the parameters of
our system which are then displayed in a propeller display. In the receiver section we are using different methods by
which we can make the parameters within our range as been stored in the microcontroller.

ISSN: 2347-2200/V2-N1/PP-13-16/©IJSE
IJSE , Volume 2, Number 1
Priya Srivastava et al.

Figure1. Block diagram of Environment Monitoring System


In this display, LED stripes moves so fast that one is able to see the matrix of LED’s. The time of single rotation is
divided into several shorter time periods during which each individual LED is kept on/off to display different
characters. Temperature sensed by temperature IC is sent to a controller via SPI bus.

Fig. shows the block diagram of the propeller display with temperature indicator. The LED strip is mounted
vertically such that when the motor rotates in a circular fashion creating a true 360-degree display. The message to
be displayed is sent via RS232 interface using hyper-terminal. The message is displayed for 30 seconds and then the
display switches to current temperature that is fetched from the temperature sensor. Interrupts are generated by the
IR sensor-beam interrupter assembly.

ISSN: 2347-2200/V2-N1/PP-13-16/©IJSE
A Novel Approach for Environment Monitoring System by Using Propeller Display

Figure 2. Basic block diagram of Propeller Display


Environmental monitoring is a necessary component of environmental science and policy design . Despite criticisms
that environmental monitoring can be ineffective and costly when programs are poorly planned, well-planned
monitoring programs cost little in comparison to the resources that can be protected and the policy design that can be
informed [4]. Successes and failures of monitoring programs in the preceding decades have been thoroughly
analyzed by the scientific community, and practical solutions for addressing the standard challenges of monitoring
programs are readily available in the scientific literature [5]. In order to achieve valuable results from environmental
monitoring activities, it is necessary to adhere to sampling processes that are supported by the traditional scientific
method [1], and any effective monitoring program must include focused and relevant questions, appropriate research
designs, high quality data collection and management, and careful analysis and interpretation of the results [4].
• Interrupt Module Testing
This interrupter module testing is required for detecting exact position on which whole circuit assembly is

• DC Motor RPM Testing

DC Motor used in this project is 12 V DC Motor which is tested by using a digital contact-less tachometer.

Time interval between two successive pulses as seen on CRO = 30.4ms

 RPS = 1/(30.4ms)
= 32.89
 RPS = 33
 RPM = 33X60 = 1980

• Power Supply Module Testing

Input voltage, Vs = 9VAC

ISSN: 2347-2200/V2-N1/PP-13-16/©IJSE
IJSE , Volume 2, Number 1
Priya Srivastava et al.

Output voltage observed, Vo = 4.92V DC

• Display Generated Pattern

Figure 3. Displaying a character string

Figure 4. Displaying numbers and characters.

[1]. Artiola, J.F., Pepper, I.L., Brusseau, M. (Eds.). (2004). Environmental Monitoring and Characterization. Burlington, MA: Elsevier
Academic Press
[2]. Mitchell, B. (2002). Resource and Environmental Management (2nd ed.). Harlow: Pearson 7 Education Limited.
[3]. Sarthak R. Shah working at Cliff Electronics, Vadodra, and Abhimanyu K. Varde working at Qlogic, pune.
[4]. Lovett, G.M., Burns, D.A., Driscoll, C.T., Jenkins, J.C., Mitchells, M.J., Rustad, L., Shanley, J.B., Likens, G.E., Haeuber, R. (2007). Who
needs environmental monitoring? Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5(5), 253-260
[5]. Lindenmayer, D.B., Likens, G.E. (2009). Adaptive monitoring: a new paradigm for long-term research and monitoring. Trends in Ecology
and Evolution, 24(9), 482-486.
[6]. McDonald, T.L. (2003). Review of Environmental Monitoring methods: survey designs. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 85,
[7].Mitchell, B. (2002). Resource and Environmental Management (2nd ed.). Harlow: Pearson

ISSN: 2347-2200/V2-N1/PP-13-16/©IJSE