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TOC H INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

ARAKKUNNAM, ERNAKULAM – 682 313

FORMAT FOR PREPARATION OF SEMINAR REPORT FOR B. TECH.

1. ARRANGEMENT OF VARIOUS PAGES AND CONTENTS:

The sequence in which the seminar report material should be arranged and bound should be
as follows:

1. Cover Page (This is the copy of title page which will be put as cover)

2. Title Page (Both cover Page and Title page are the same format)
3. Institute – Vision/Mission, Department – Vision/Mission statements
4. PEOs/PSOs
5. Seminar Cos & Mapping with POs
6. Bonafide Certificate (College Certificate)
7. Acknowledgement
8. Abstract
9. Table of Contents
10. List of Tables
11. List of Figures
12. List of Symbols, Abbreviations and Nomenclature
13. Chapter 1: Introduction
14. Chapter 2: Procedures, Setup, Manufacturing, Fabrication, etc
15. Chapter 3 …etc Result Analysis & Discussion.
16. Conclusion
17. References

The table and figures shall be introduced in the appropriate places.


2. PAGE DIMENSION AND BINDING SPECIFICATIONS:

1. The dimension of the seminar report should be in A4 size.


2. The seminar report should be bound ( soft binding ) using specified colour paper (Light
Green). Two copies of the report (hard copy only) should be submitted. The cover page
should be printed in black letters in a paper of specified colours.

3. PREPARATION FORMAT:

3.1 Cover Page & Title Page – Both are the same .One copy of Title page is used for covering
the report. A specimen copy of the Title page of the seminar report is given in Appendix 1.

3.2 Bonafide Certificate – The Bonafide Certificate shall be in double line spacing using Font
Style Times New Roman and Font Size 12, as per the format in Appendix 2.

The certificate shall carry the signatures of the Seminar coordinators and Head of the
Department with academic designation must be typed and space shall be provided for the
signature.

3.3 Abstract – Abstract should be one page synopsis of the seminar report typed 1.5 (One and
a half spacing ) line spacing, Two or Three paragraphs of Font Style Times New Roman
and Font Size 12.

An one page abstract should be distributed to the students in the class just before
presentation and the same abstract should be given to the seminar co-ordinators and
seminar evaluation faculties at least one day before.

3.4 Table of Contents


The table of contents should list all material following it as well as any material which
precedes it. The title page and Bonafide Certificate will not find a place among the items
listed in the Table of Contents but the page numbers of which are in lower case Roman
letters. One and a half spacing should be adopted for typing the matter under this head. A
specimen copy of the Table of Contents of a seminar report is given in Appendix 3.

3.5 List of Tables


The list should use exactly the same captions as they appear above the tables in the text. One
and a half spacing should be adopted for typing the matter under this head.

3.6 List of Figures


The list should use exactly the same captions as they appear below the figures in the text.
One and a half spacing should be adopted for typing the matter under this head.

Figures: Number figures consecutively in each chapter using the decimal system, i.e. the
third figure in chapter 5 is Fig. 5.3.
3.7 List of Symbols, Abbreviations and Nomenclature
One and a half spacing should be adopted or typing the matter under this head. Standard
symbols, abbreviations etc. should be used.

3.8 Chapters – The chapters may be broadly divided into 3 parts (i) Introductory chapter, (ii)
Chapters developing the main theme of the seminar work (iii) and Conclusion.

The main text will be divided into several chapters and each chapter may be further divided
into several divisions and sub-divisions like, Methodology, Procedures etc.

 Each chapter should be given an appropriate title according to the nature of


seminar and the contents in it.
 Tables and figures in a chapter should be placed in the immediate vicinity of the
reference where they are cited..

3.9 List of References –

The listing of references should be typed 2 spaces below the heading “REFERENCES” in
alphabetical order in single spacing left – justified. The reference material should be listed
in the alphabetical order of the first author. The name of the author/authors should be
immediately followed by the year and other details. In case of specific websites, provide the
full path / link of the related reference. The generic websites like Google, Wikipedia,
howstuffworks etc. should Not be included in the reports.

A typical illustrative list given below relates to the citation example quoted .The below
sample contains the method of writing the list of references if, the reference is, an
international journal, Reference books for particular applications, General fundamental Text
Books, Very specific & special references, Only a specific page or a figure or an equation
which is referred, a web journal (. com), or a web site ( . html) or a link ( .pdf ).

How to show references in the context:


Generally the References will be written in sequential order of appearance in the edited
material and will be given serial ascending numbers. In the “References” they are typed in
the same order. The context of reference, in the material, the Serial number will be given
with in a square bracket. Example: [ 3 ] or [ Ref. 3 ]
REFERENCES

1. Jayachandran T. Ramachandran G., Study of Unsteady Flows in Segmented Solid Rocket


Motors”, Journal of Physics, Vol.42, No.1, 2000, pp. 421-425.

2. Barnard R.W. and Kellogg, C. “Applications of Convolution Operators to Problems in


Univalent Function Theory”, Michigan Mach J., Vol.27, 1980, pp.81–94.

3. Shin K.G. and Mckay N.D. et al. „Open Loop Minimum Time Control of Mechanical
Manipulations”, Proc. Amer. Contr. Conf., San Diego, CA, 2009, pp. 1231-1236
.

4. William Stallings, “Wireless Communication and Networks”, 2nd edition., June 2005,
Prentice Hall of India.
5. Culity B.D., “Element of X-ray Diffraction”, 5 th Edition 1978, Allison Wesley.

6. Sinke W.C., “The Photovoltaic Challenge”, MRS Bulletin, American Ceramic Society
Bulletin, 1993, Vol. 18, No. 10, p.18.

7. Site: www.sbir.nasa.gov/sbir/abstracts/06/sbir/phase2/SBIR-06-2-X9.01-1948.html.

8. Link: www.quest-corp.com/archieve/nasa/2000 0019 8625 1456.pdf.


3.9.1 Table and figures -

By the word Table, is meant tabulated numerical data in the body of the seminar report as
well as in the appendices. All other non-verbal materials used in the body of the seminar
work and appendices such as charts, graphs, maps, photographs and diagrams may be
designated as figures.
Tables:
Use the same numbering systems as that for figures. The table number and table description
is however at the top of the table. In referring to a particular table the word "table" is always
capitalized
Equations:
Use the same numbering systems as figures and tables. The number is placed at the far right
of the equation and is bracketed. If referred to in the text the word is capitalized and
abbreviated (e.g. Eq 4.3) except at the beginning of a sentence, where it is spelled out.
Footnotes:
Footnotes appear at the foot of the page and are numbered with elevated numerals in
sequence throughout the text and are single spaced. They serve two functions: to clarify or
supplement a particular sentence or portion of the text, or to document a reference or source
of information. They should be used only in unavoidable circumstances.
4.0 TYPING INSTRUCTIONS:

 The impression on the typed copies should be black in colour.


 One and a half spacing should be used for typing the general text.
 The general text shall be typed in the Font style ‘Times New Roman’.
 Line spacing: One and a half spacing.
 Font size: 12 , Font style ‘Times New Roman’ normal.
 Larger fonts may be used for headings & subtitles .( not too large , limit to 14)
 Do not added any additional spacing’s between headings and paragraph.
 Use the very minimum numbers of pages . No separate pages
for writing chapter no - 1, chapter no - 2 etc.. No wastage of recourses.
 No header lines nor footer lines . In short No decorations of any sort.
 Enrich properly each pages of the seminar report. No wastage of space.
 The introduction chapter starts with the Page No 1 .
 The Title page and Bonafide Certificate will not find a place among the items listed in
the Table of Contents but the page numbers of which are in lower case Roman letters.
 The page numbers of Abstract, List of Tables, List of Figures and List of Symbols,
Abbreviations & Nomenclature are in lower case Roman letters.
 For page wise setting and to keep a page as a single unit insert page-breaks options
before and after so that whatever editing’s you do in the document , that will not
affect the edited portion which is inside these page -breaks. What will happen at the
most is generation of some new blank pages. At the end of the editing process delete
these extra blank pages carefully. It is always better to start editing from introduction
to conclusion with insertion of page-breaks.
 Give Page numbers only after final editing.
 Make separate files for certificates , Table of contents, Abstract , List of Tables, List
of Figures and List of Symbols, Abbreviations & Nomenclature . Since they all are of
single page entries. Corrections can be done easily and independently.
5. NUMBER OF COPIES:

Please confirm “ THE NUMBERS OF COPIES REQUIRED ” with the seminar


coordinator before final printing

6. SUBMISSION:

 First the Original and all copies of Seminar Reports should get it signed by your
co-ordinators and Head of Department.
 From the office get College Round Seal on the certificate.
 You should have the original Seminar report with you
 Submit One copy of Seminar Report to co-ordinator /Department .
 Also Submit the Soft copies of your seminar Power Point Presentation and the
Seminar Report in a CD to the co-ordinator / Department . Which will be kept in
digital library and will be made available for all TIST students for future reference
and further studies.

-------------------------------------
APPENDIX 1
(A typical Specimen of Cover Page & Title Page)
<Font Style Times New Roman – Bold>

SEMINAR REPORT ON
<Font Size 12- Bold>

TITLE OF SEMINAR REPORT


<Font Size 18> < Single line spacing –Bold >

Submitted by
<Font Size 14><Italic>

NAME OF THE CANDIDATE


<Font Size 16> < Bold >
University Registration
Number
<Font Size 14> < Bold >

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for


the award of the degree of
<Font Size 14> <1.5 line spacing><Italic>

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
<Font Size 14 -Bold>
In
< Font Size 14 > <Italic >
NAME OF THE DEGREE
< Font Size 16 > < Bold >

COLLEGE EMBLEM

BRANCH OF STUDY
<Font Size 14> < Bold >

Toc H INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


ARAKKUNNAM, ERNAKULAM – 682 313.
<Font Size 13><1.5 line spacing>< Bold >

MONTH & YEAR


<Font Size 12>
SPECIMEN
A SEMINAR REPORT ON

OZONE FRIENDLY COOLING – REFRIGERATION


WITHOUT CFC’S

Submitted by

DON
Reg. No. 15103000

Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for


the award of the degree of

BACHELOR OF TECHNOLOGY
In
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


Toc H INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE ANDTECHNOLOGY
ARAKKUNNAM, ERNAKULAM – 682 313.
JULY 2010
INSTITUTE VISION

To become a globally recognized institution that develops professionals with integrity who excel in
their chosen domain making a positive impact in industry, research, business and society.

INSTITUTE MISSION

 To provide the ambience necessary to achieve professional and technological excellence at the
global level.
 To undertake collaborative research that fosters new ideas for sustainable development.
 To instill in our graduates ethical values and empathy for the needs of society.

DEPARTMENT VISION

To be recognized as a department of excellence with global standards producing professional


mechanical engineers having thrust in innovation, entrepreneurship and research in relevant fields, to
further contribute effectively to the advancement of human kind with high moral values.

DEPARTMENT MISSION

1. Impart quality education to the students by inculcating interest for research and development.
2. Enhance the skills of the students to make them globally competent engineers.
3. Produce Engineers with High Moral and Ethical Values
4. Inculcate the values of teamwork in a diverse and multidisciplinary environment.
5. Produce graduates possessing entrepreneurial and innovative skills.
PROGRAM OUTCOMES

PO1. Engineering knowledge: Apply the knowledge of mathematics, science, engineering


fundamentals, and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems.
(L3)

PO2. Problem analysis: Identify, formulate, research literature, and analyze complex engineering
problems reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences,
and engineering sciences. (L4)

PO3. Design/development of solutions: Design solutions for complex engineering problems and
design system components or processes that meet the specified needs with appropriate
consideration for the public health and safety, and the cultural, societal, and environmental
considerations. (L5)

PO4. Conduct investigations of complex problems: Use research-based knowledge and research
methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of the
information to provide valid conclusions. (L5)

PO5. Modern tool usage: Create, select, and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern
engineering and IT tools including prediction and modeling to complex engineering activities with
an understanding of the limitations. (L6)

PO6. The engineer and society: Apply reasoning informed by the contextual knowledge to assess
societal, health, safety, legal and cultural issues and the consequent responsibilities relevant to the
professional engineering practice. (L3)

PO7. Environment and sustainability: Understand the impact of the professional engineering
solutions in societal and environmental contexts, and demonstrate the knowledge of, and need for
sustainable development. (L2)

PO8. Ethics: Apply ethical principles and commit to professional ethics and responsibilities and
norms of the engineering practice. (L3)

PO9. Individual and team work: Function effectively as an individual, and as a member or leader
in diverse teams, and in multidisciplinary settings. (L3)

PO10. Communication: Communicate effectively on complex engineering activities with the


engineering community and with society at large, such as, being able to comprehend and write
effective reports and design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and receive
clear instructions. (L3)

PO11. Project management and finance: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of the
engineering and management principles and apply these to one’s own work, as a member and
leader in a team, to manage projects and in multidisciplinary environments. (L3)

PO12. Life-long learning: Recognize the need for, and have the preparation and ability to engage
in independent and life-long learning in the broadest context of technological change. (L3)
PROGRAM EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

The graduates will be able to:


1. Design engineering systems that are based on principles of science and engineering,
considering quality, reliability, safety, cost effectiveness, aesthetics and sustainability.
2. Meet societal needs through multidisciplinary research, innovation, entrepreneurial skills and
leadership with a global outlook.
3. Conduct ethically as a professional engineer and exhibit good competency in their work
culture.
4. Work effectively in any team.

PROGRAM SPECIFIC OUTCOMES

A graduate of Mechanical Engineering Program will demonstrate:

 PSO1: Modeling & Analysis: The ability to adapt in the areas of design and development
using latest software for modeling and analysis.
 PSO2: Recommend Solution: The ability to recommend solutions for the challenges and
requirements of industry or in any other sectors where they are employed.
 PSO3: Futuristic Progress: The ability to make use of acquired technical knowledge for
qualifying in competitive examinations for a successful career upholding high moral and ethical
values or to pursue higher studies or research.
Course Outcomes (CO)

Semester: VII

Course Code: ME 17L3

Course Name: Seminar

Course Outcomes:

At the end of the course the student will be Able to:

CO1: Utilize technical resources for selecting a topic of current relevance. (L3)
CO2: Prepare a technical presentation citing relevant references. (L3)
CO3: Develop technical reports adhering to international standards. (L3)
CO4: Develop effective communication skills. (L3)
CO5: Discover the knowledge, facts and techniques in the related area. (L4)

Mapping of Course outcomes with Program Outcomes

CO/PO Seminar
PO1 PO2 PO3 PO4 PO5 PO6 PO7 PO8 PO9 PO10 PO11 PO12
CO1 1 - - - - 1 - - - - - -
CO2 - - - - - 3 - - - - - -
CO3 2 - - - - - - - - - - -
CO4 - - - - - - - - 3 - -
CO5 2 - - - - - 1 - 1 - -

Mapping of Course outcomes with Program Specific Outcomes

CO/PO Seminar S7
PSO1 PSO2 PSO3
CO1 - 2 3
CO2 - 2 3
CO3 - - -
CO4 - - -
CO5 - 2 3
APPENDIX 2
(A typical specimen of Bonafide Certificate)
<Font Style Times New Roman>

Toc H INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


ARAKKUNNAM, ERNAKULAM – 682 313.
<Font Style Times New Roman – size -14, –Bold ,1.5 spacing>

DEPARTMENT / BRACH OF STUDY.


<Font Style Times New Roman – size -14, –Bold ,1.5 spacing>

College emblem

CERTIFICATE
<Font Style Times New Roman – size -16 ,Bold >

This is to certify that seminar work entitled “…………Title of the seminar ……………” is a
bonafide work carried out in the seventh semester by “…………Name of the Candidate …”
in partial fulfillment for the award of Bachelor of Technology in “……Name the Branch of
Study………” from Cochin university of science and technology during the academic year 2012-
2013.
<Font Style Times New Roman – size -12> < single spacing>

<<Signature of the Seminar Co-ordinator>> <<Signature of the HOD>>


SIGNATURE SIGNATURE
<<Name>> <<Name>>
Specimen

Toc H INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY


ARAKKUNNAM, ERNAKULAM – 682 313.
DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING.

CERTIFICATE

Certified that seminar work entitled “OZONE FRIENDLY COOLING – REFRIGERATION


WITHOUT CFC’S” is a bonafide work carried out in the seventh semester by “ DON (
15103000 ) ” in partial fulfilment for the award of Bachelor of Technology in “ MECHANICAL
ENGINEERING ” from Cochin university of science and technology 2012-2013.

SEMINAR CO-ORDINATORS HEAD OF THE DEPARTMENT

KIRAN CHRISTOPHER BABU JOHN


Asst. Professor, Professor,
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Toc H Institute of Science and Technology, Toc H Institute of Science and Technology,
Arakkunnam, Ernakulam- 682 313 Arakkunnam, Ernakulam- 682 313
Specimen
APPENDIX 3
(A typical specimen of table of contents)
<Font Style Times New Roman>

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT iii
LIST OF TABLE xvi
LIST OF FIGURES xviii
LIST OF SYMBOLS xxvii

CHAPTER TITLE PAGE NO.

1. 0 INTRODUCTION 1

1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 .... ......... 2
1.2.1 Study 5
1.2.2 ........... 12
1.2.2.1 Procedure 19
1.2.2.2 . . . . . . . . . . 25
1.2.2.3 Results……..……… 29
1.2.3 . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
1.3 Analysis. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 45
1.4 .................. 58
2.0 LITERATURE SURVEY 69
2.1 Classification 75
2.1.1 Merits. . . . . . . . . . 99
2.2 Comparison ……………. 100
3. 0 METHODS STUDY 103

3.1 Introduction 106


3.2 .... ......... 108
3.2.1 Study of methods 110
3.2.2.1 Iteration Method. . . . . . . . . . . 112
3.2.2.2 Newton -Raphson Method 119
3.2.2.3 Secant Method. . . . . . . . . . 125
3.2.2.4 Bisection Method…..……… 129
3..3 Comparison of Methods and final selection of method 130
3.4 Modification and Final Assumptions . . . 145
3.5 Preparation of Analysis sets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
4.0 PROCEDURE 169
4.1 Analysis Set up 175
4.1.1 Data Collection methods. . . . . . . . . . 199
4.2 Data table……………. 200

5.0 RESULT & ANALYSIS 202


6.0 CONCLUSION 210
7.0 REFERENCES 211

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