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Work Instruction - Yibal Khuff - Mechanical - Static

Effect of Nozzle Loads on Horizontal Equipment and Foundation Design

1 Scope

This work instruction is prepared to standardise the method for transferring the nozzle loads (Force and moments) to the base of
the saddle of horizontal equipment and foundation design for Yibal Khuff project. The procedure is prepared with a focus on
limitations in commonly used mechanical design software (PV-Elite) in considering the global forces and moments in support
analysis and foundation load data calculation. If any other software is used same needs to be modified accordingly. Engineers
implementing this procedure are encouraged to discuss with lead engineer in case of any clarification / concerns.

2 References
KHF-00-104133-MS-7771-00001-0000_Rev. 03 : Technical Specification of Vessels
31.22.20.31_Version 35 : PRESSURE VESSELS (BASED ON ASME SECTION VIII)
Pv-Elite User Manual

3 Qualification and Assumption.

1. As per requirement of Project specification only top process nozzle forces and moments to be transferred to foundation.
Hence nozzle on dish ends and on the bottom of the shell has been excluded for further analysis.
2. Torsional moment (MT) is assumed to be have only local effect and hence same has not been transferred on to foundation.
3. Global force and moment coordinates direction in PV-Elite and Coordinate direction in technical specification of vessels
nozzle load table are different. For easy understanding, in this procedure, direction has been considered inline with
PV-Elite input. See Fig.1 and Fig.2 on sheet 2
4. Nozzle loads have been combined to other loads only for operating load case not for other load cases.

4 Method

Step -1 Identify the nozzles to be considered for the transferring the nozzle force and moments to base.
Enter the standard piping force/moments or actual piping force/moments as applicable in sheet 2.
All input parameters are identified in light blue colour.

Enter the PV-Elite input loads (See yellow cells) in the PV-Elite at respective nozzle location through force/moment input
Step-2
and check vessel design is ok or not. Modify design as required.

Step-3 Refer Additional instruction and points in sheet 2 for extracting foundation load data values from PV-Elite.

5 Consideration for different force and moments

1. Vertical loads (Fy)


Vertical loads direction has been considered -ve as this will increase loads on the saddle/foundation and its conservative.

2. Transverse Force (Fz)


PV-Elite considers the global force input as acting on the centre line of the vessel. However, in reality the loads acts at the nozzle
and shell junction. Hence to simulate actual condition in the software, moment arm to be factored by ratio of actual moment arm
(saddle height + vessel radius) / saddle height. For the purpose of this procedure Saddle height is considered from centre of the
vessel centre line.

3. Circumferential Moment (Mx)


PV-Elite does not have provision for inputting the moment hence this moment need to be converted to equivalent force by dividing
with saddle height. This equivalent force of Mx is input in Pv-Elite by adding to transverse force Fz as calculated in point no. 2 above
to arrive total transverse force Fz.

4. Longitudinal Force (Fx)


PV-Elite consider global force acting on the centre line of the vessel. However, in reality the loads acts at the nozzle and shell
junction. Hence to simulate actual condition in the software, moment arm to be factored by ratio of actual moment arm (saddle
height + vessel radius) / saddle height. Global Longitudinal force (Fx) is not being added by PV-Elite to wind and seismic shear force
hence governing Wind/Seismic Longitudinal shear force need to be added user defined global force separately.

5. Longitudinal Moment (Ml)


PV-Elite does not have provision for inputting the moment hence this moment need to be converted to equivalent force by dividing
with saddle height. This equivalent force of Ml is input in Pv-Elite by adding to Longitudinal force Fx as calculated in point no. 4
above to arrive total longitudinal force Fx.

6 Calculation and Foundation Load data on GA drawings

Refer Sheet No.2

7 Figures

Refer Sheet No.2


Equipment Tag R-4501 / R-4601 Instruction / Help (in blue colour) - See sheet 3
Vessel Diameter 2.5 meter
Vessel Radius 1.25 meter
Saddle height from Vessel Centreline 2 meter
Wind Long. Load 7.76 kN From PV-Elite Output See point 1
Seismic Long. Load 84.23 kN From PV-Elite Output See point 2

PV-Elite Input (See Fig.3)- Add at


Nozzle Tag (Add All Top Process Nozzles) Values as per specification table / Piping Actual Loads
nozzle location as separate force
Nozzle Tag Fx (FL) Fy (P) Fz (FT) Mx (MC) My (MT) Mz (ML) Fx Fy Fz
Unit kN kN-m kN
N1 36 -40 50 71 71 94 -40 116.75
N3 36 -40 27 54 80 98.5 -40 70.875
XX 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
XX 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
XX 0 0 0 0 Ignored 0 0 0 0
XX 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
XX 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
XX 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
XX 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total of nozzle loads 192.5 -80 187.625
Maximum of wind or seismic longitudinal load
(Add as user defined global force) 84.23 0 0
Foundation Load Data on GA Drawing (For operating case other cases to follow on same line)
Left saddle Right Saddle
Vertical Saddle Load - kN
Sliding Fixed Specify as per GA
(Including effect of piping load)
363 362 From PV-Elite Output See Point 3
Due to Wind / Seismic (Operating Case)
Transverse Wind Shear (Per saddle)- kN 32.7 32.7 From PV-Elite Output See Point 4
Transverse Wind Moment (Per saddle)- kN-m 65.4 65.4

Transverse Seismic Shear (Per saddle)- kN 42 42 From PV-Elite Output See Point 5

Transverse Seismic Moment (Per saddle)- kN-m 84 84


From PV-Elite Output See Point 1
Longitudinal Wind Shear (Fixed saddle Only)- kN N.A. 7.76
Not applicable for sliding saddle, accordingly take care
Longitudinal Wind Moment (Fixed saddle Only)- kN-m N.A. 15.52
From PV-Elite Output See Point 2
Seismic Shear (Long - Fixed saddle Only)- kN N.A. 84.23
Not applicable for sliding saddle, accordingly take care
Seismic Moment (Long - Fixed saddle Only)- kN-m N.A. 168.46
Due to Piping Nozzle Loads (Operating Case only)
Transverse Shear (Per saddle)- kN 121 66 From PV-Elite Output see point 6
Transverse Moment (Per saddle)- kN-m 242 132
From Total Fx force for all nozzles
Longitudinal Shear (Per saddle)- kN N.A. 192.5
Not applicable for sliding saddle, accordingly take care
Longitudinal Moment (Per saddle)- kN-m N.A. 385
Friction Loads
Friction factor 0.4 N.A PV-Elite Output see point 7
See PV-Elite input for fixed saddle shall be zero for sliding
Friction load - kN 145.13 N.A shall be based on arrangement selected.

Figure 1_PV-Elite Figure 2_Nozzle load Table

Figure 3_Global Force/Moment Input


PV-Elite HELP

LEFT SADDLE

RIGHT SADDLE

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