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Based upon Making Disciples by Tony Pullin

Assignment
Write a 500-700 words about of what you have
learned through this course.
Due date: 25th September 2017
MAKING
DISCIPLES #6
#6 FAILURE AND
RESTORATION
And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in
heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Go
therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing
them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of
the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I
have commanded you. And behold, I am with you
always, to the end of the age.”
54 Then they seized him and led him away,
bringing him into the high priest's house, and
Peter was following at a distance. 55 And when
they had kindled a fire in the middle of the
courtyard and sat down together, Peter sat down
among them.
56 Then a servant girl, seeing him as he sat in the
light and looking closely at him, said, “This man also
was with him.” 57 But he denied it, saying, “Woman, I
do not know him.” 58 And a little later someone else
saw him and said, “You also are one of them.” But
Peter said, “Man, I am not.” 59 And after an interval of
about an hour still another insisted, saying, “Certainly
this man also was with him, for he too is a Galilean.”
60 But Peter said, “Man, I do not know what you
are talking about.” And immediately, while he was
still speaking, the rooster crowed. 61 And the Lord
turned and looked at Peter. And Peter
remembered the saying of the Lord, how he had
said to him, “Before the rooster crows today, you
will deny me three times.” 62 And he went out and
wept bitterly.
15 When they had finished breakfast, Jesus
said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do
you love me more than these?” He said to
him, “Yes, Lord; you know that I love you.” He
said to him, “Feed my lambs.” 16 He said to
him a second time, “Simon, son of John, do
you love me?”
He said to him, “Yes, Lord; you know that I
love you.” He said to him, “Tend my sheep.”
17 He said to him the third time, “Simon, son
of John, do you love me?” Peter was grieved
because he said to him the third time, “Do you
love me?” and he said to him, “Lord, you know
everything; you know that I love you.”
Jesus said to him, “Feed my sheep. 18 Truly, truly, I say
to you, when you were young, you used to dress yourself
and walk wherever you wanted, but when you are old,
you will stretch out your hands, and another will dress
you and carry you where you do not want to go.” 19 (This
he said to show by what kind of death he was to glorify
God.) And after saying this he said to him, “Follow me.”
#6 FAILURE AND
RESTORATION
1. WHEN IT WAS
NECESSARY JESUS GAVE
CLEAR CORRECTION.
The Situation:
✤ The religious authorities were against
Jesus—they are plotting against Him.
✤ Now the disciples hear Jesus saying
things that don’t make sense to them.
✤ Jesus began to explain that he must go
to Jerusalem suffer, and be killed and on the
third day be raised to life.
✤ Peter took him aside and began to
rebuke him.
✤ Jesus began to explain that he must go
to Jerusalem suffer, and be killed and on the
third day be raised to life.
✤ Peter took him aside and began to
rebuke him.
“ 21 From that time Jesus began to show his
disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and
suffer many things from the elders and chief
priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the
third day be raised. 22 And Peter took him
aside and began to rebuke him, saying,
“Far be it from you, Lord![e] This shall never
happen to you.” 23 But he turned and said to
Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a
hindrance[f] to me. For you are not setting
your mind on the things of God, but on the
things of man.” (Matt. 16:21-23)
HOW DO YOU THINK YOU WOULD
HAVE FELT HEARING THE WORDS OF
JESUS?

WHY DID PETER REACT IN THIS WAY?


READ MATT 16:13-20
✤ The disciples didn’t understand, and felt
hurt by this announcement.
✤ The disciples didn’t understand, and felt
hurt by this announcement.
✤ They didn’t expect the Messiah to suffer
and die.
✤ Probably (because they were upset) they
didn’t really hear Jesus’ promise about
resurrection on the third day.
Peters thinking was all or nothing—Jesus
suffering was unthinkable.
He (politely) took Jesus to one side and
then rebuked Him.
In listening to Peter’s strong words what do
you think Jesus was thought?
Jesus heard the tempter’s voice—and
responds even more strongly:
“Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to
me. For you are not setting your mind on the
things of God, but on the things of man.”
Strong words when you think Peter earlier
confessed him to be the Christ.
JESUS DIDN’T HOLD BACK FROM TELLING
PETER WHAT HE NEEDED TO HEAR—HE
LOVED HIM FAR TOO MUCH FOR THAT.
THERE WAS HONESTY IN THE
RELATIONSHIP.
Peter was still learning the nature of the
kingdom.
He didn’t yet understand that the path to
exaltation lay through the cross.
In correcting Peter, Jesus was neither blinded by
gift nor held back by friendship.
Their friendship and love meant Jesus was able
guide Peter through this, and the deeper
problems ahead.
True discipleship involves honesty.
Sometimes we need to give or receive
faithful love.
Openness is at the heart of meaningful
discipleship.
2. JESUS WARNED
PETER WHEN HE SAW
DANGER SIGNS
After Jesus’ talk with Peter, he talks to the
Twelve about denying themselves and taking
up the cross.
The disciples pathway would be similar to his.
In Matthew 16 Jesus finishes by saying,
“Truly, I say to you, there are some standing here
who will not taste death until they see the Son of
Man coming in his kingdom.”
This was fulfilled about a week later
(Matthew=6 days, Luke=8), on the Mount of
Transfiguration.
The three disciples also and heard Moses and
Elijah talking with Jesus about his departure,
(Luke 9)
30 And behold, two men were talking with him,
Moses and Elijah, 31 who appeared in glory and
spoke of his departure, which he was about to
accomplish at Jerusalem.
This glory would come through suffering and
death to victory over the unseen enemy and
deliverance for his people.
“On the Mount of Transfiguration, heaven and
earth came together to help Peter, James and
John grasp what seemed impossible to
reconcile the glory, the power and the suffering
to come.”
Now from Caesarea Philippi they start to move
south towards Jerusalem (via Galilee and Judea).
John mentions several trips to Jerusalem
by Jesus, Matthew, Mark, and Luke only
one, which occurred as Jesus prepared for
his triumphal entry and subsequent death
and resurrection. Beginning at
Capernaum, Jesus was apparently diverted
from the more direct route when
Samaritans refused him access (Luke 9:51–
56), so he may have crossed the Jordan
and traveled through Perea. Jesus then
passed through Jericho and proceeded to
Jerusalem.
Note: The women who had travelled around
Galilee, ministering to the needs of Jesus, go
with them.
Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Susanna, another Mary
and others show great loyalty, and are example to
all (Luke 8:1-4; 23:49,55-56; 24:1)
- they stood within sight of the cross when
others had fled;
- they followed Joseph of Arimathea to see
where Jesus’ body was going to be buried,
- they went back at the tomb first thing on
Sunday morning .
Mary Magdalene,
Susanna and Joanna,
by Mary McKenzie of
the Nativity Project
THESE GALILEAN WOMEN, FROM
DIFFERENT WALKS OF LIFE, WERE
COURAGEOUS DISCIPLES.
THE DEVOTED FOLLOWERS OF
JESUS WERE NOT AN ALL-MALE
GROUP.
Passion / Triumphal Entry /Passover Week
Jesus enters Jerusalem, and at the end of the
week he is in the upper room eating the Passover
meal. He has broken bread and shared wine with
them. Judas has left.
INTERESTINGLY, THERE HAS
BEEN A DISCUSSION ABOUT
WHICH OF THEM IS THE
GREATEST. [LK 9:46]
WHY?
Now Jesus speaks to Peter:
31 “Simon, Simon, behold, Satan demanded to
have you,[d] that he might sift you like wheat,
32 but I have prayed for you that your faith may
not fail. And when you have turned again,
strengthen your brothers.” (Luke 22:31-32)
Jesus is telling Peter that he is a target and you
are in danger of falling.
In Luke 6:14 we see that Peter was the new name
given by Jesus to Simon.
Luke hasn’t used Peter’s original name since that
time until now, when it is spoken three times.
WHY THE SUDDEN CHANGE?
WHAT WAS JESUS SAYING IN
USING HIS OLD NAME?
Was the old Simon coming back, the old ways of
thinking and acting?
In Mark, Peter’s reply included a bold claim:
Peter said to him, “Even though they all fall
away, I will not.” (Mark 14:29).
The other disciples said the same, (Mark 14:31)
“And they all said the same.”
But Peter is at the front here—he’s on display, the
leader, the example.
Satan wanted to get them all, but Jesus prayed
for Peter in particular because he saw in him a
vulnerability that would be exposed during the
testing times ahead.
In Gethsemane, Peter, James and John were all
sleeping, but Jesus spoke first to Peter, then
all three: (Mark 14:37-38).
In Gethsemane, Peter, James and John were all
sleeping, but Jesus spoke first to Peter, then
all three: (Mark 14:37-38).
32 And they went to a place called Gethsemane.
And he said to his disciples, “Sit here while I pray.”
33 And he took with him Peter and James and
John, and began to be greatly distressed and
troubled. 34 And he said to them, “My soul is very
sorrowful, even to death. Remain here and
watch.”[d]
35 And going a little farther, he fell on the ground
and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour
might pass from him. 36 And he said, “Abba,
Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this
cup from me. Yet not what I will, but what you will.
37 And he came and found them sleeping, and he
said to Peter, “Simon, are you asleep? Could you
not watch one hour? 38 Watch and pray that you
may not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is
willing, but the flesh is weak.”
Jesus was looking out for Peter and shared his
concern.
Jesus could say what he did to Peter because of
their relationship.
At this time, Peter’s heart wasn’t fully open to
what he heard.
BEHIND THE WARNINGS WE SEE
JESUS WAS PRAYING FOR
PETER, BECAUSE HE CARED
FOR HIM AND WANTED HIM
TO SUCCEED.
Satan wanted to undermine the whole groups
faith in Jesus at a basic level. That is what Jesus
prayed about and his prayer was answered.
PETER’S COURAGE FALTERED
UNDER STRONG ATTACK, BUT
THROUGH THE HEARTBREAK
AND PAIN HIS FAITH
EMERGED AGAIN.
3. JESUS RESTORED
PETER
The events that happened:
Jesus tells the disciples it is time to go.
- He talks about the true vine,
- About his Father’s love
- And his own love for them,
- About the Holy Spirit he would send to help
them understand.
- Then he prays (John 17).
- the disciples see an intimate moment
between the Father and the Son: “Father, the
hour has come. Glorify your Son, that your
Son may glorify you” (John 17:1).
- We see each so caring for the other; sharing
an intimacy that was at the heart of the coming
storm.
READ JOHN 17:
WHAT DO YOU THINK THE
ELEVEN LEARNED ABOUT
PRAYER BY LISTENING TO
JESUS AT THAT TIME?
After praying, Jesus crossed the Valley to
Gethsemane (John 18:1), Jesus takes the three
disciples closest to him as he enters into an
agony of prayer. Then the worrying events begin.
After praying, Jesus crossed the Valley to
Gethsemane (John 18:1), Jesus takes the three
disciples closest to him as he enters into an
agony of prayer. Then the worrying events begin.
Look at the initial role of Peter:
- When the soldiers and temple officers arrive
to make the arrest, Jesus identifies himself and
asks them to let his disciples go.
- In his earlier prayer (John 17:12), Jesus said,
“2 While I was with them, I kept them in your
name, which you have given me. I have guarded
them, and not one of them has been lost...”.
- Now in a dangerous and difficult situation
still the safety of his disciples is Jesus’ chief
concern.
- Now in a dangerous and difficult situation
still the safety of his disciples is Jesus’ chief
concern.
“So he asked them again, “Whom do you seek?”
And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.” 8 Jesus
answered, “I told you that I am he. So, if you seek
me, let these men go.” 9 This was to fulfill the
word that he had spoken: “Of those whom you
gave me I have lost not one.” (John 18:7-9)
- Asking the soldiers to let his friends go was
simply releasing the disciples from any pressure
to stay and be captured—they all moved away.
- Peter was devoted enough to attack and cut
off the ear of the High Priest’s servant
- He then was one of only two disciples who
followed the arresting party back into the city.
- It was Peter’s love for Jesus that put him in
the place of denial.
- It was Peter’s love for Jesus that put him in
the place of denial.
HOW DO YOU THINK JESUS
FELT WHEN HE LOOKED OUT
ACROSS THE INNER
COURTYARD OF CAIAPHAS’
HOUSE AND SAW THAT PETER
HAD GOT IN?
HOW DO YOU THINK JESUS
FELT WHEN HE LOOKED OUT
ACROSS THE INNER
COURTYARD OF CAIAPHAS’
HOUSE AND SAW THAT PETER
HAD GOT IN?
- Peter’s commitment must have meant a lot! I
don’t think Jesus would have been thinking
about Peter’s mistakes.
- Then Peter started to think:
He might be identified with Jesus!
He then denied the Lord three times.
Peter and Jesus had had an amazing journey
together. But still this denial happened. It
continues in the body of Christ today— we all
follow Jesus only by his grace.
How would you counsel someone
who has made a similar mistake—or
one that feels just as terrible to their
own conscience?
- Just as he was speaking, the cock crowed. The
Lord turned and looked straight at Peter. (Luke
22:60-61)
As their eyes met what sort of look do you
think it was that Jesus gave to Peter?
Pullin says,
“I don’t think it was a condemning look, “ I think it
was a look that was full of compassion and love.
One thing I know, “ it broke Peter’s heart. He went
out and wept and wept and wept.”
How do you think Peter felt for the rest of the
weekend?
Jesus was crucified, the dream over, and the last
contact a moment of failure.
Disappointment, confusion, anger…?
Then came Sunday morning.
Tradition agrees that Mark was a friend of Peter
and that Mark’s Gospel is his attempt to arrange
and record Peter’s thoughts and preaching.
Mark tells us about the angel outside the empty
tomb, about the three women who had come just
after sunrise to anoint Jesus’ body.
The angel said,
“Don’t be alarmed! You are looking for Jesus the
Nazarene, who was crucified. He has risen! He is
not here. See the place where they laid him. But
go, tell his disciples and Peter, He is going ahead
of you into Galilee. There you will see him, just as
he told you” (Mark 16:6-7).
Tell Peter!
Jesus has been raised from the dead just a few
hours but he is already thinking of Peter.
Interestingly Paul describes the good news in this
way:
“Christ died for our sins according to the
Scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised
on the third day according to the Scriptures, and
that he appeared to Cephas, and then to the
Twelve” (1 Cor. 15:3-5).
When Cleopas and the other disciple rushed back
from Emmaus to Jerusalem with their story of
seeing Jesus alive, the gathered disciples had
already heard.
“It is true!” they said, “The Lord has risen and has
appeared to Simon” (Luke 24:34).
Before Jesus revealed himself to the Eleven, he
met Peter alone.
Who can imagine what passed between them?
Peter discovered the unbelievable—the Master
still loved him, and had a plan for his life.
Peter was restored.
Jesus worked patiently, lovingly, truthfully—and
so Peter came through the experience of failure
and understood more fully the idea of making
disciples.
4. JESUS TALKS WITH
PETER ABOUT HIS
RELATIONSHIP WITH
THE OTHER DISCIPLES
Peter had taken a place beyond the other
disciples, he claimed his loyalty was greater!
This meant there was repair work needed in the
whole group.
Jesus is as concerned about our
relationships as he is about our
personal growth and development.
The situation: John 21
- Seven of the disciples are together and
decide to go fishing—actually Peter decided and
the others followed.
- They catch nothing all night
- In the morning Jesus [unrecognised] stands
on the shore.
- The friendly stranger tells them to let down
the net and miracle happens.
- One of the disciples recognises Jesus and
tells Peter, “It’s the Lord!”
- Peter responds immediately [as usual] and
jumps into the water
- Soon they are enjoying breakfast
- Jesus now is ready to talk to Peter in
front of the others:
“15 When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said
to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you love
me more than these?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord;
you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Feed
my lambs.” 16 He said to him a second time,
“Simon, son of John, do you love me?” He said to
him, “Yes, Lord; you know that I love you.”
He said to him, “Tend my sheep.” 17 He said to
him the third time, “Simon, son of John, do you
love me?” Peter was grieved because he said to
him the third time, “Do you love me?” and he said
to him, “Lord, you know everything; you know that
I love you.” Jesus said to him, “Feed my sheep.”
- Three times Jesus asked the question
- Three times Jesus asked the question
- John tells us, “Peter was hurt” (John
21:17).
- Three times Jesus asked the question
- John tells us, “Peter was hurt” (John
21:17).
- It was painful but Jesus knew it was
necessary.
- Finally, Peter says, “Lord, you know all things;
you know that I love you” (John 21:17).
- Gently, Jesus restores Peter to his place
among the disciples but with a new humility, and
his call to leadership and ministry is reaffirmed:
“Feed my sheep.”
- Jesus’ example of leading Peter through to
restoration included addressing his relationship
with his brothers and sisters.
- The issues had been dealt with, nothing
hidden—now they would be a united team, able
to work together.
But there is one more talk between them.
18 Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were young,
you used to dress yourself and walk wherever you
wanted, but when you are old, you will stretch out
your hands, and another will dress you and carry
you where you do not want to go.”
19 (This he said to show by what kind of death he
was to glorify God.) And after saying this he said to
him, “Follow me.”

What does this conversation show you?


- Jesus was confident in Peter for the future
- Peter needed to constantly keep his eyes on
the Jesus.
Jesus tells Peter that he would suffer martyrdom!
Revelation teaches us that martyrs are seen as
victorious; they have followed the Lamb through
death and have a place before the throne of God
where they are cared for by the Eternal Shepherd.
Jesus’ prophetic words to Peter show that he
anticipates his servant’s steadfast faithfulness to
the end.
He still believes in him and he finishes by simply
saying, “Follow me.” (John 21:19).
Then we read this:
20 Peter turned and saw the disciple whom Jesus
loved following them, the one who also had
leaned back against him during the supper and
had said, “Lord, who is it that is going to betray
you?”
21 When Peter saw him, he said to Jesus, “Lord,
what about this man?” 22 Jesus said to him, “If it
is my will that he remain until I come, what is that
to you? You follow me!”
Peter, without thinking, asks: “what about
him?” (John 21:21).
Still it seems that Peter can’t resist comparing
himself with other disciples!
Jesus reminds him that this is not his concern.
John’s future was between John and Jesus,
Jesus simply repeats his call to Peter: “You follow
me!” (John 21:22).
The End