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Birla Institute of Technology and Science, Pilani

Hyderabad Campus

CHEM C141: Chemistry I Test I (Regular) Closed Book Semester I (2009-10)


Max. Marks: 60 Time: 50 minutes Date: 31st August, 2009

NOTE: There are two pages and check whether both the sides are printed
properly. There are four questions in all. Attempt all the questions. Answer all
parts of the question together. Pencil should not be used.
Useful data: h = 6.626 x 10-34 Js, k = 1.38 x 10-23 J/K, c = 3 x 108 ms-1, mass of
an electron = 9.11 x 10-31 kg, rest mass of proton = 1.66 x 10-27 kg, ε0 = 8.854 x
10-12 C2J-1m-1, e = 1.6 x 10-19 C, a0 = 52.9 pm, 1 eV = 1.602 x 10-19 J, RH=
109677.6 cm-1.

1. (A) i) Calculate the kinetic energy of a photoelectron ejected from a platinum


surface when light of wavelength 200 nm is incident on it. The work function for the
metal is 5 eV. ii) Calculate the value of the longest wavelength which can eject a
photoelectron.

(B) Calculate the de Broglie wavelength of a hydrogen atom with translational


energy corresponding to a temperature of 25 ºC.

(C) Assume the wave function for a system as ψ(x) = Sin{(πx)/2}, where x is the
only variable. If the region of interest is from x = 0 to x = 1, What is i) the
normalization constant and ii) the normalized wave function. iii) Show that the
second derivative of the above function is an eigen value equation. (5+4+6)

2. (A) i) Calculate the energy difference between n = 1 and n = 2 levels for an


electron confined to an infinite one-dimensional square well of width 5 Å.
ii) What wavelength corresponds to a spectral transition between these levels?
iii) Also specify in which region of the electromagnetic spectrum you would
observe this wavelength.

(B) An electron in a cyclic ring in a molecule is having two-dimensional rotational


motion. Calculate the diameter of this ring in which the electron is moving
considering that a transition occurs at 320 nm in this system from mℓ = 2 to mℓ = 3.

(C) i) Explain the significance of zero-point energy in one or two sentences, with
respect to the particle in a one-dimensional box. ii) Draw the wave functions
corresponding to the first three energy levels of a harmonic oscillator. (5+5+5)

3. (A) The radial and angular parts of the wavefunction representing a particular
orbital in hydrogen atom is given by
3 1
1  1 2  ρ
   4 − ρ  ρ e 6 where ρ =  3 2
1 − 2r
Rn,l (r ) = and Yl ,ml (θ , φ ) =   cos θ
27 6  a0   3  a0  4π 
(i) Write the total wavefunction for the orbital.
(ii) How many radial node(s) exist in the wavefunction and at what radial distance(s)
(in terms of a0)?

1
(iii) Identify the angular nodal plane.
(iv) Identify the orbital.
1
 1  2 − a0
r

Ψ =  
(B) Using the normalized wave function,  πa 3  e for the ground state of
 0 
hydrogen atom, calculate the probability for the electron to be confined in a sphere
within the radius r = a0 from the nucleus where a0 is the Bohr radius.

(C) Which of the following transitions are allowed in the normal electronic spectrum
of hydrogen atom?
(i) 2s→1s (ii) 5d→3s (iii) 5p→3s (6+6+3)

4. (A) Calculate the wavelength of the second line in the Paschen series. Which
region of electromagnetic spectrum this line belongs to?
(B) Derive the atomic term symbols for the following configurations.
(i) (1s)22s13s1 (ii) (1s)2(2s)22p13d1

(C) Give the number of radial nodes and angular nodal planes in each of the
following hydrogen-like wavefunctions.
(i) Ψ6g (ii) Ψ4f (5+6+4)

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