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PROBLEM 6.

115

Each of the frames shown consists of two L-shaped members


connected by two rigid links. For each frame, determine the reactions
at the supports and indicate whether the frame is rigid.

SOLUTION

(a) member FBDs:

FBD I: ΣM A = 0: aF1 − 2aP = 0 F1 = 2 P; ΣFy = 0: Ay − P = 0 Ay = P

FBD II: ΣM B = 0: − aF2 = 0 F2 = 0

ΣFx = 0: Bx + F1 = 0, Bx = − F1 = −2P B x = 2P

ΣFy = 0: By = 0 so B = 2P

FBD I: ΣFx = 0: − Ax − F1 + F2 = 0 Ax = F2 − F1 = 0 − 2P A x = 2P

so A = 2.24 P 26.6°
frame is rigid
(b) FBD left: FBD whole:

a a 5a
FBD I: ΣM E = 0: P + Ax − Ay = 0 Ax − 5 Ay = − P
2 2 2
FBD II: ΣM B = 0: 3aP + aAx − 5aAy = 0 Ax − 5 Ay = −3P

This is impossible unless P = 0 ∴ not rigid


PROBLEM 6.115 CONTINUED

(c) member FBDs:

FBD I: ΣFy = 0: A − P = 0 A= P
ΣM D = 0: aF1 − 2aA = 0 F1 = 2 P

ΣFx = 0: F2 − F1 = 0 F2 = 2 P

F1
FBD II: ΣM B = 0: 2aC − aF1 = 0 C = = P C= P
2

ΣFx = 0: F1 − F2 + Bx = 0 Bx = P − P = 0

ΣFx = 0: By + C = 0 By = −C = − P B= P

Frame is rigid
PROBLEM 6.116

Each of the frames shown consists of two L-shaped members connected by


two rigid links. For each frame, determine the reactions at the supports and
indicate whether the frame is rigid.

SOLUTION

(a) member FBDs:

FBD II: ΣFy = 0: By = 0 ΣM B = 0: aF2 = 0 F2 = 0

FBD I: ΣM A = 0: aF2 − 2aP = 0 but F2 = 0

so P = 0 not rigid for P ≠ 0


(b) member FBDs:

( )
Note: 7 unknowns Ax , Ay , Bx , By , F1, F2 , C but only 6 independent equations.
System is statically indeterminate
System is, however, rigid
(c) FBD whole: FBD right:
PROBLEM 6.116 CONTINUED

2
FBD I: ΣM A = 0: 5aBy − 2aP = 0 By = P
5
2 3
ΣFy = 0: Ay − P + P=0 Ay = P
5 5

a 5a
FBD II: ΣM c = 0: Bx − By = 0 Bx = 5By B x = 2P
2 2
FBD I: ΣFx = 0: Ax + Bx = 0 Ax = − Bx A x = 2P

A = 2.09 P 16.70°
B = 2.04P 11.31°
System is rigid
PROBLEM 6.117

Each of the frames shown consists of two L-shaped members


connected by two rigid links. For each frame, determine the reactions
at the supports and indicate whether the frame is rigid.

SOLUTION

Note: In all three cases, the right member has only three forces acting, two of which are parallel. Thus the
third force, at B, must be parallel to the link forces.
(a) FBD whole:

a 4 1
ΣM A = 0: − 2aP − B + 5a B=0 B = 2.06 P B = 2.06P 14.04° W
4 17 17
4
ΣFx = 0: Ax − B=0 A x = 2P
17
1 P
ΣFy = 0: Ay − P + B=0 Ay = A = 2.06P 14.04° W
17 2
rigid W
(b) FBD whole:

Since B passes through A, ΣM A = 2aP = 0 only if P = 0

∴ no equilibrium if P ≠ 0 not rigid W


PROBLEM 6.117 CONTINUED

(c) FBD whole:

1 3a 4 17
ΣM A = 0: 5a B+ B − 2aP = 0 B= P B = 1.031P 14.04° W
17 4 17 4
4
ΣFx = 0: Ax + B=0 Ax = − P
17
1 P 3P
ΣFy = 0: Ay − P + B=0 Ay = P − = A = 1.250P 36.9° W
17 4 4
System is rigid W
PROBLEM 6.118

A 50-N force directed vertically downward is applied to the toggle vise


at C. Knowing that link BD is 150 mm long and that a = 100 mm,
determine the horizontal force exerted on block E.

SOLUTION

FBD machine:

Note: ( 0.1 m ) sin 15° = ( 0.15 m ) sin θ


θ = sin −1 ( 0.17255 ) = 9.9359°

AD = ( 0.1 m ) cos 15° + ( 0.15 m ) cos θ


p

= 0.24434 m

ΣM A = 0: ( 0.24434 m ) D sin θ − ( 0.25m )( cos 15° )( 50 N ) = 0

0.25 cos 15°


D= 50 N = 286.38 N
( 0.24434 )( 0.17255)
FBD part D : ΣFx = 0: D cosθ − E = 0
E = D cosθ = 282.1 N
Eblock = 282 N W
PROBLEM 6.119

A 50-N force directed vertically downward is applied to the toggle


vise at C. Knowing that link BD is 150 mm long and that a = 200 mm,
determine the horizontal force exerted on block E.

SOLUTION

FBD machine:

Note: ( 0.2 m ) sin15° = ( 0.15 m ) sin θ


θ = sin −1 ( 0.3451) = 20.187°

AD = ( 0.2 m ) cos15° + ( 0.15m ) cos θ


p

= 0.33397 m
ΣM A = 0: ( 0.33397 m ) D sin 20.187° − ( 0.35m )( cos15° )( 50 N ) = 0 D = 146.67 N

FBD part D: ΣFx = 0: D cosθ − E = 0


E = (146.67 N ) cos 20.187°
= 137.66 N
Eon block = 137.7 N
PROBLEM 6.120

The press shown is used to emboss a small seal at E. Knowing that


P = 60 lb, determine (a) the vertical component of the force
exerted on the seal, (b) the reaction at A.

SOLUTION

ΣM A = 0: ( 5 in.) cos 60°  D cos 20° + ( 5 in.) sin 60° D sin 20°
FBD machine:
− ( 5 in.) cos 60° + (10 in.) cos15° ( 60 lb ) = 0

D = 190.473 lb
ΣFx = 0: Ax − D sin 20° = 0 Ax = 65.146 lb

ΣFy = 0: Ay + D cos 20° − 60 lb = 0 Ax = −118.99 lb

so A = 135.7 lb 61.3°

FBD part D:

ΣFy = 0: E − D cos 20° = 0 E = (190.47 lb ) cos 20°

= 178.98 lb
Eon seal = 179.0 lb
PROBLEM 6.121

The press shown is used to emboss a small seal at E. Knowing that


the vertical component of the force exerted on the seal must be 240 lb,
determine (a) the required vertical force P, (b) the corresponding
reaction at A.

SOLUTION

FBD part D:
(a) ΣFy = 0: E − D cos 20° = 0

240 lb
D= = 255.40 lb
cos 20°

ΣM A = 0: ( 5in.) cos 60°  D cos 20° + ( 5 in.) cos 60° D sin 20°
FBD machine:
− ( 5in.) cos 60° + 10in.) cos15° P = 0

P = 80.453 lb P = 80.5 lb

(b) ΣFx = 0: Ax − D sin 20° = 0

Ax = 87.35 lb

ΣFy = 0: Ay + 240 lb − 80.5 lb = 0

Ay = 159.5 lb

A = 181.9 lb 61.3°