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DC Dry-process Testing Gas Meter

Instruction Manual

Please read this manual carefully in order to operate the apparatus correctly.
Please contact our sales representative in case of troubles or failures.

Shinagawa Co., Ltd.


Index

1. Outline ……………………………………………………………………13
2. Instructions for use ………………………………………………………14
3. Names and functions ……………………………………………………15
4. Manometer attachment instructions …………………………………17
5. Options ……………………………………………………………………18
6. Operation …………………………………………………………………18
7. Correction values …………………………………………………………20
8. Specifications ……………………………………………………………22

1 Outline
DC dry-process testing gas meter is an integrating flowmeter. Type C is suitable for
applications including flow measurement in chemical analysis and usage quantity
measurement of household gas appliances. Type Co is specially designed for measure-
ment of oxygen flows. Explosion proof models are available for the measurement of
explosive gases.

Modification is required when using Type C products for the meas-


urement of oxygen, ammonia or hydrogen gas flows in order to
Warning
警 告 prevent explosion accidents.

Type Applicable gas flows

Type C (general andcor- Dust content, flow-by, air pollution measurement; acetylene
rosive gaseousflows) and other gaseous air pollution measurement

Type Co Oxygen gas (delipidated model)


Explosion-proof model Designed for use with explosive gas flows

High temperature/pressure/humidity conditions inherent in the-


measurement of mixed gas flows for fuel cells may result in the
occurrence of solvents including acetone. Adequate precaution is
Warning
警 告 required when using the apparatus for such purposes. Please initi-
ate purging at appropriate intervals.

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2 Instructions for use
◆When measuring For the measurement of explosive gaseousflows, the apparatus
explosive gases…… should be equipped with an intrinsically safe explosionproof
transmitter, and exchange the standard equipment LCD ther-
mometer for a bar thermometer.

◆Pulsating flow/pres- Fluctuations in flow and pressure of the measurement gas


sure of measurement deteriorates the measurement accuracy of the apparatus.
gases………………… Use of surging (cushion) tanks or filters are recommended.

◆Operational range… Apparatus is capable of operating at a maximum pressure of


10 kPa and temperature ranging from minus 10 to plus 50
degrees Celsius.

◆Installation………… Avoid installing the apparatus in locations subjected to


extreme thermal fluctuations, direct sunlight or vibrations.
The apparatus should be located on a flat surface.

◆During transportation… Do not lay down the apparatus on its side, and avoid excessive
vibrations/impacts.

◆Before and after use… Before use, idle the gas meter by air etc. Allow air to circulate
for 2 to 5 minutes after use, therebypurging any residue meas-
urement gas within the apparatus.

◆Maintaining accuracy Regular inspections and overhauls are essential in maintaining the
measurement accuracy of the apparatus. However, the apparatus
must not be disassembled in order to prevent any gas leaks.

◆Battery exhaustion… Upon exhaustion of the batteries installed within the digital ther-
mometer, replace the size AA batteries within the battery hous-
ing located on the right side of the gas meter (for units manufac-
tured after May, 2008). Units utilizing button batteries (manufac-
tured prior to April 2008)

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3 Names and functions

※Equipped on units manufactured since May 2008

The entry port union (2) and extraction port union (6) may be removed for
REFERENCE
attachment of various joints. (Please be careful not to over-tighten the joints
in order to avoid damaging the resin casing.)
〔DC−1, 2:G 1 / 2(φ20.955㎜),DC−5:G 3 / 4(φ26.441㎜) 〕

■Exchanging size AA batteries


The lid of the battery housing located on the right
side of the apparatus is attached to the housing.

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① Manometer …………………… 1.8 kPa full-scale manometer for measurement of
(optional) flow pressure. Allows for folding and removal.
② Entry port union ……………… Entry port for introduction of measurement flow.
Allows for 360-degree free rotation, and the
removal of the union by loosening the securing
screw. Excessive tightening of the securing screw
may result in leaks and damages. Use with the
screw loosened about one turn from the securely
fastened position, upon confirmation of the secure
fastening of the union.
③ Manometer P tap …………… Tap for extracting pressure to the manometer.
(optional) Tap should be closed when manometer is not in
use, or if the pressure exceeds 1.8 kPa.
④ Manometer plug……………… when meter does not have a manometer, it is
attached.
⑤ Sensor plug…………………… Plug is replaced with sensors when taking alter-
nate measurements of temperature/pressure, or
removed to extract gas. (G3/8) The insertion depth
of sensors should be restricted to less than 40mm.
⑥ Extraction port union…………Extraction port for extracting the measurementflow.
Allows for 360-degree free rotation, and the removal
of the union by loosening the securing screw.
(For instructions pertaining to securing screws,
refer to item ② above.)
⑦ Integration counter ………… Counter interlocks with the indicator ⑨ , with the
minimum indication on the rightmost scale signify-
ing 0.02 liters at DC-1, 2 and 0.2 liters at DC-5.
⑧ Digital thermometer ………… Measures the temperature of the gas flow.
Thermometer is powered by AA size batteries for
units equipped with battery housing ⑪ on the
right side of the apparatus (products manufac-
tured since May 2008). Digital thermometers
installed on units manufactured prior to April
2008 are powered by button batteries housed
within the gas meter.
⑨ Indicator ……………………… I n d i c a t o r i n t e r l o c k s w i t h t h e i n t e g r a t i o n
(optional) counter ⑦, with a single rotation of the needle
signifying 1 liter at DC-1, 2 and 10 liters at
DC-5. (Minimum indication on the meter indi-
cation panel signifies 0.005 liters at DC-1, 2
and 0.05 liters at DC-5.
⑩ Transmitter connector ……… Connector used for the extraction of remote/auto-
matic measurement data from sensors incorporat-
ed within the meter indicator panel. Connectors
(RM12BPG-4S) are attached to transmitters.
⑪ Size AA battery housing …… Battery housing containing AA batteries used to
power the digital thermometers ⑧ . Housings are
equipped on DC dry-process testing gas meters man-
ufactured after May 2008.

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4 Manometer attachment ructions( Optional components are basically
incorporated prior to shipment. )
Instructions for installation of optional components on a Do-It-
※upon purchasing the optional components after the shipment of the gas meter Shinagawa Co., Ltd.
Yourself basis( does not assume any liability for leaks resulting from any post-ship nt modifications by clients.)
Manometer does not correspond to gas pressures above 1.8 kPa. Close manometer P
tap or use other types of pressure gauges for pressures exceeding 1.8 kPa.
Manometer

Manometer bracket

1)Secure manometer brackets to the 2)Insert manometer into the manome-


left side of the gas meter using tap- ter brackets.
pingscrews attached (two screws
per bracket).

Manometer P tap Gauge head

Sensor plug

Water
Adaptor (SUS)
O-ring (P8)

3)Remove manometer plug from top 4)Remove gauge head, fill with water
of the unit, attach O-ring P8 to the to the "0" marking.
adaptor (manufactured by SUS)
and screw onto the unit.
Rubber tube

5)Connect gauge head to the manometer P tap using the rubber tube attached.
Secure tube with dedicated tube band (also included) after connection.

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5 Options
・Meter securing screw…………Used to secure meter onto its mounting. Three
screws holes are provided for the screws on the
bottom plate of the unit.

・Temperature sensor ………… Attachment port for temperature sensor used for
attachment port thermal management in combination with external
devices (attachment screw hole G3/8)
・Manometer …………………… Meter used for the measur introduced through the
entry port union.
・Pulse transmitter (type) ……… Type Da transmitter (with built-in amplifier)
(For specification of transmitters, Type Di transmitter (with open collector output)
refer to pages 10-11 of this manual.)
Type A transmitter (intrinsically safe explosion proof)

6 Operation
(1)Connection ………………… Secure meter in a horizontal position, connecting
tube for the measurement gas flow to the
entry/extraction port unions.
Be sure to connect tubes to entry/extraction port unions securely to prevent any
leaks. The use of securing bands to prevent dislodging of the tube is recommended,

(2)Idle operation ……………… Supply gas to the meter to completely replace the
air within the meter and tube with the measure-
ment gas.
(3)Leakage inspection ……… Close extraction port tap, apply pressure through
the entry port and close entry port tap. Maintain

( )
to implement leakage inspec-
tion of the meter, the measure- pressurized condition for three minutes and
ment gas tubes connected to observe behavior of the indicator. In case of units
the meter must be equipped installed with manometers, the pressure applied to
with taps
the apparatus shall be maintained within the oper-
ational range of the manometer, confirming the
decline of pressure through the manometer.
Movement of the indicator needle (pressure decline in case of manometers) signifies
a potential gas leak. Inspect by applying soap water to the tube connections.
If the connections are intact and the meter indicators do not respond when gas
flow is introduced to the apparatus, the meter may be defective. Please contact
our sales representative for repairs.

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(4)Measurement ……………… The gas flow can be measured once the leakage
inspection is concluded. Gradually increase gas
supply to prevent a rapid build up of pressure.
①Integrating flow measurement
Integration
Take note of the indicated value prior to measure-
flowmeter Integration ment along with the value after the measurement
is concluded. The overall integrated flow is calcu-
lated by subtracting the initial value from the final
value.

The integration flowmeter cannot be reset to zero.

②Instantaneous flow measurement


Integration
The cubical content per indicator rotation is deter-
flowmeter Integration mined depending on the gas meter product.
Optionally specify a position of the indicator nee-
dle and measure the duration required for the
needle to complete one rotation using stopwatches
or other timing devices.

ex)DC-1/2 (One rotation is equivalent to 1 liter of flow


If the duration required for the needle to make one rotation is 60 seconds:
One rotation (1 liter)
= 1l/60sec
Duration (60 seconds)
= 1l per minute
Do not allow flow/pressure to fluctuate during measurement.
Do not move gas meter or allow unit to vibrate during measurement.
Maintain stable temperature during measurement.

(5)Concluding measurement… Record the value indicated after the measurement


to obtain the measurement value by subtracting
the initial value from the final result.

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7 Correction values
The gas meter has unit-specific deviation and therefore the measurement results
require compensation for deviation.
Each meter is measured for unit-specific deviation according to an established stan-
dard prior to shipment, with the result provided on the gas meter calibration report
sheet attached to the product.

The gas meter calibration report is included within the gas meter package.

The correction result is obtained through the following calculation:


V:Correction value
e Vo:Gas quantity (final value minus initial value)
V=Vo(1−  )
100 e:Deviation (%)
In case the measurement value needs to be converted to comply with certain condi-
tions apply the Boyle Charles' law to the result.

P 1×V 1 P 2×V 2 P 1 , P 2:Absolute pressure


= T 1 , T 2 :Absolute temperature
T1 T2
(apply the Boyle- Charles) V 1 , V 2:Cubic content

◆U-tube (communicating tube) manometer

1.Liquid injection 2

Introduce indicator liquid with beaker/measuring cylinder


1
with the entry port of the gas meter and the extraction
port of the manometer released, adjusting liquid level to
0
match the zero marking of the manometer scale.
1
2.Indicator
Manometer scale is marked as indicated the fine 2
line is marked at 0.2 intervals.
[1+ (0.2×2) ]×2=2.8
2

Units were unified to Pa (Pascal) in accordance


with the provisions of the Amended Measurement 1
Law (Japan) and the JIS standard.
To convert the H2O scale indication into Pascal, (28mm) 0
multiply by 9.8 to obtain the value in Pascal. H2O scale
In the case illustrated,
1
28mm difference is equivalent to
274.4 Pa (28 x 9.4 = 274.4).
2

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3.Simple determination of values
In actuality, maintaining the water (liquid) level of the U-
tube manometer exactly at zero is difficult. Furthermore,
the level changes through evaporation
and tends to shift during use. 2
Practically, the indication is calculated
(Example 1)
based on the difference in levels for Pascal-based scales 1
between the two tubes as illustrated 1.2 + 1.0=2.2
like the right figure. 2.2×100=220Pa 0

*for traditional H2O scales


2.2×10=22mmH2O 1

Left    Right
◆Digital counter based measurement
The integrated and instantaneous flow is easily measured by connecting digital counters
to the gas meter. Digital counters not only measures the rotations and duration, but are
also capable of calculating the resulting integrated/instantaneous flow.
Each dry-process gas meter has a specific diaphragm cubic capacity. Shinagawa SU-
series digital counter allows for counts in multiples of meter rotation, thus enabling stable
measurement of instantaneous flow rates.

The incorporation of transmitters is optional. Clients desiring digital counter-based


measurement are requested to contact a Shinagawa sales representative.

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8 Specifications
■ Specifications
TYPE DC−1C DC−2C DC−5A/DC−5C
ITEM
Measurement range L/h 10〜1 100 10〜2 000 10〜5 000
Measurement chamber capacity L/rev. 0.7 1.2
per rotation L 1 10
Integration meter Minimum
measurement mL 5 50
Minimum m3 999 9,999
load
Digital thermometer LCD display; accuracy +/- 0.1 degrees Celsius; thermistor; resolution 0.1 degrees
(measurement flow temperature) Celsius; lithium battery
Power source: AA size battery (since May 2008); button battery (prior to April 2008)
Rubber tube (inner diameter) 3/8B(φ9 ㎜) 1/2B(φ13 ㎜) 3/4(φ19 ㎜)
Measurement flow entry/extraction port size G1/2(φ20.995㎜) G3/4(φ26.441㎜)
Weight ㎏ 2.8 4.2
Operational temperature ℃ −10〜+50
Pressure loss kPa 0.2
Maximum operational pressure kPa 10
※If required, the units can be modified to accommodate size AA batteries instead of button batteries (on a commutative basis).

■ Pulse generation units(※Please specify prior to purchase) (Units: liter/pulse)


DC−1・2model DC−5model
Standard unit Customized unit Standard unit Customized unit
Da type transmitter 0.01 1,0.1,0.001 0.1 1,0.01

■ Da type transmitter


Terminal placement □ Da type Voltage pulse output

Vout (white)
Receiver side 3KΩ
Vcc (5-24V) (red)

NC
Projector side
0V (black)
Front view

Sensor rating
Slotted
Manufactured by OMRON
EE−SX670
Power source voltage DC5V−10%〜24V+10%
(between V-G) ripple(p−p)10%以下
Power consumption(I.C.C.) less than 35 mA
Detection capability Opaque object:0.8mm×2.0mm
DC5V〜24V load current(1c)40mA
Regulation output residual voltage Vce(set) less than 0.4V
(between O-G) TTL driven load current(1c)」40mA
residual voltage Vce(set) less than 0.4V
※Pulse output: Voltage pulse (pulse voltage dependent on sensor voltage)
※Connector type: HIROSE type RM12BPE-4S
※Defective connection may result in damaging the sensor. Confirm connection prior to operation.

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