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AGREEING AND DISAGREEING

EXPRESSING AGREEMENT
 I agree with you 100 percent.
 I couldn't agree with you more.
 That's so true.
 That's for sure.
 (slang) Tell me about it!
 You're absolutely right.
 Absolutely.
 That's exactly how I feel.
 Exactly.
 I'm afraid I agree with James.
 I have to side with Dad on this one.
 No doubt about it.
 (agree with negative statement) Me neither.
 (weak) I suppose so./I guess so.
 You have a point there.
 I was just going to say that.

EXPRESSING DISAGREEMENT
 I don't think so.
 (strong) No way.
 I'm afraid I disagree.
 (strong) I totally disagree.
 I beg to differ.
 (strong) I'd say the exact opposite.
 Not necessarily.
 That's not always true.
 That's not always the case.
 No, I'm not so sure about that.

STATING AN OPINION
 In my opinion...
 The way I see it...
 If you want my honest opinion....
 According to Lisa...
 As far as I'm concerned...
 If you ask me...
 ETC
ASKING FOR AN OPINON
 What's your idea?
 What are your thoughts on all of this?
 How do you feel about that?
 Do you have anything to say about this?
 What do you think?
 Do you agree?
 Wouldn't you say?
 ETC
AGREEING: DISAGREEING:
● + We use SO + AUXILARY VERB +
SUBJECT (personal pronoun or noun) to
We use SUBJECT + AUXILARY VERB to disagree with
agree with a positive statement. what someone says.
A: Tom lives in London. ● Affirmative additions to negative remarks are made
B: So do I. with
● – We use NEITHER/NOR + AUXILARY VERB
+ SUBJECT (personal pronoun or noun) to
(BUT /REALLY?) + SUBJECT + AUXILIARY.
agree with a negative statement. A: I don’t get up early.
A. Jim doesn’t like horror films. B: Oh, really? I do.
B: Neither/nor does Fred. ● Negative additions to affirmative remarks are made
with the structure
(BUT /REALLY?) + SUBJECT + AUXILIARY + N’T/NOT.
A: I often go swimming at weekends:
B: I don’t.

Ann and Kate are twins. They always agree with each other.

1. I AM IN Londodn now 1. ...............................................


2. I was at home yesterday evening. 2. ...............................................
3. I arrived ten minutes ago. 3. ...............................................
4. I feel very excited. 4. ...............................................
5. I’d like to see you soon. 5. ...............................................
6. I will be at the hotel in an hour. 6. ...............................................

1. I’m not tired. 1. ...............................................


2. I didn’t watch TV last night. 2. ...............................................
3. I don’t know many people here. 3. ...............................................
4. I haven’t met Tom for a year. 4. ...............................................
5. I can’t wait to see you. 5. ...............................................
6. 6. I won’t be late 6. ...............................................
Wendy and Sally are sisters. They are angry with each

other now.

1. I am hungry. 1. .............................................
2. I want to watch a film. 2. .............................................
3. I was sleepy in the morning. 3. .............................................
4. I can sing well. 4. .............................................
5. I met Amy yesterday. 5. .............................................
6. I will have a sandwich 6. .............................................

1. I’m not tired. 1. .............................................


2. I don’t like action films. 2. .............................................
3. I wasn’t angry with you yesterday. 3. .............................................
4. I can’t stay up late. 4. .............................................
5. I didn’t play computer games. 5. .............................................
6. I won’t eat this soup. 6. .............................................

HOPE

Hope is something that we want to happen and we work very hard for it to happen but we
are not sure whether it will happen or not and sometimes we can’t do anything about it

How to express our hopes :


Sentance structure to express hope using “ing verbs”
SUBJECT - ING VERB COMPLEMENT
I am hoping for some good weather tomorrow
i am hoping for a good grade in English
Sentance structure to express hope using “to and that”
SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT
I hope to study in america next year
I hope to do something beneficial for my country
I hope that there is enough food for everyone in the party

Sentance structure to express hope using verb tense


SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT
I hope rahmat found the place
I hope my brother passed the test
I hope dessy finds my walet
I hope is having a good time in bali
I hope yanti will not see us when she passes by

Sentance structure to express hope with word “want to”


SUBJECT VERB COMPLEMENT
I want to become a doctor
I want to get my homework done

WISH
perbedaan Wish dan Hope. Walaupun dua kata kerja tersebut sama dalam arti,tetapi sama
sekali tidak sama dalam gramatikal. kata kerja Wish digunakan untuk menunjukan sesuatu
yang pasti tidak akan terjadi/belum tentu terjadi. Sementara Kata kerja Hope digunakan
untuk menunjukan sesuatu yang mungkin terjadi atau mungkin akan terjadi
Verb wish adalah kata kerja yang digunakan ketika seorang speaker menyatakan keinginkan
atas realita yang berbeda (tidak mungkin terjadi). Wish termasuk dalam subjunctive.

Penggunaan dan Contoh Kalimat Expressing Wishes


 Wish diikuti oleh simple past untuk menyatakan bahwa situasi yang diinginkan tidak
mungkin terjadi pada saat ini (present)
 wish diikuti past perfect untuk menyatakan tidak mungkin terjadi di masa lampau
(past)
 Wish dapat pula diikuti past future(would/could+Verb1) untuk menyatakan keinginan
seseorang untuk melakukan sesuatu secara berbeda
CONTOH KALIMAT EXPRESSING WISHES FAKTA

WISH(ES) + SIMPLE PAST

I wish she were here. but she isn’t …


(Saya berharap dia disini.) (Dia tidak disini.)

Wenny wishes Ari agreed with her opinion. but Ari doesn’t …
(Wenny berharap Ari setuju dengan pendapatnya.) (Ari tidak setuju.)

Raisa wishes she could drive a car. but Raisa can’t …


(Raisa berharap dia dapat menyetir mobil.) (Raisa tidak dapat menyetir mobil.)

WISH(ES) + PAST PERFECT

Wira wishes he had finished the task before the


deadline. but Wira didn’t …
(Wira berharap dia telah menyelesaikan tugas (Wira tidak menyelesaikan tugas tersebut
tersebut sebelum tenggat waktu.) sebelum …)

My brother wishes he could have owned a house


when he was twenty-five years old. but my brother couldn’t …
(Saudara saya berharap dia telah memiliki sebuah (Saudara saya tidak memiliki rumah ketika
rumah ketika dia berumur dua puluh lima tahun.) …)

WISH(ES) + FUTURE (WOULD/COULD + VERB1 ATAU WAS/WERE + PRESENT PARTICIPLE)

Defi wishes her friends would come to her house her friends might, but her friends might
tomorrow. not come
(Defi berharap teman-temannya datang ke rumahnya (teman-temannya mungkin datang tapi
besok.) mungkin tidak datang)

The government wishes people were stayingat home


during the hurricane.
(Pemerintah berharap orang-orang sedang tinggal di but people aren’t …
rumah selama badai.) (orang-orang tidak sedang tinggal dirumah)

1. I wish we (not have) a test today.


2. I wish these exercises (not be) so difficult.
3. I wish we (live) near the beach.
4. Do you ever wish you (can travel) more?
5. I wish I (be) better at maths.
6. I wish we (not have to) wear a school uniform.
7. Sometimes I wish I (can fly).