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QRO PA 144 MHz 20 kW

GU36B-1
v2

Designed: YU1AW
Builded: YU7MS yu7ms@sbb.rs & YU7PS yu7ps@sbb.rs

Many thanks to all our friends for realization of this project.

03.08.2013.
YU1AW YU7PS YU7MS
Idea to build this PA raised few years ago and thanks to Dragan YU1AW we
were able to bring this this project to completion. YU1AW designed the RF
deck and helpedus during adjustments and tuning with his countless and
selfless suggestions.

Our friend Teo YU7AR has supplied us with GU36B-1 tube and built 3 phase
transformer for anode power supply.
Amplifier itself was originally designed to operate in grounded G2
configuration. In order to avoid high negative voltage at G1 (to make input
tuning less dangerous) we have rather switched to grounded cathode
configuration. That change forced us to build a quality cooling capacitor for
G2.
The anode resonator has been slightly shortened compared to the original
design. Its diameter is 184 mm and length 500mm. RF choke is connected
202mm away from the end of the resonator.
Tune capacitor is 6.6pF, made from flexible brass sheet. Load capacitor is
2.7pF, with diameter of 100mm. Its capacitance changes by shifting the brass
disc.
Anode is being cooled by two radial turbines producing 76mm H2O and
985m3/h air flow.
Two smaller turbines are used to cool down the cathode compartment and
transformers for all other power supplies.
Significant time was spent to adjust the input circuit. Finally we decided to use
the version of the circuit shown in the schematic. SWR is not ideal one (1: 1.5)
but power gain achieved this way is the best.
Output signal is fed through low pass filter and then through power/swr probe.
SWR measurement is accurate regardless of the output power.
PA harbors home made coaxial antenna relay, LNA (MGF1302), power
supplies for all control and bias voltages as well as protection circuits.
LED indicators show power sequencing at start-up followed by CW sounding
("QRV"). Protection circuit brings PA to permanent receive state if it lacks any
of the control/bias voltages.
We are thankful to all friends who helped us to complete this project. It had
been big and long time effort which at the end proved to be worthwhile.

73
Miška YU7MS
Results:
QRO PA GU36B-1
17p 10kV

3/10p

Φ 2.5/10, 0.5t, L60


drive

10/25p
ant
Uff 12V~
GU36B-1
Φ 1.5/15, 24t, L70
2 x 2n2 2kV

Cptfe 3.4nF
8V~ Cc 2p7

2 x Φ 5/30, 11t, L120 Φ 184 x 500 mm


380V~
7 202 mm Ct 6p6
6
5
4
3 Φ 2.3/29, 7t, L70
2
6 x 3n3+1n 3kV
1
0 Iff 200A~
2x470p 15kV Air Temp 200 C Hour
Φ 1.5/12, 31t, L70

2n2 2kV

Ua +7kV
g2 protection if +Ua failed

Ug1 300V -Ug1


PWR 20kW SWR
+ +Ua
8 x 1N5408

Ug2 1600V +Ug2


+ +
Ig1 400mA

Ia 5A
10E - 200W
Ig2 +/- 200mA

+ + -
-
+

-Ug1 Ua 10kV
3 x 250V~

Ug1 Ug2 Ua
+
Ug1 180-210V 100mA Ug2 1.1kV 0.1A Ua 7kV 4A
stabilized voltage very hard voltage hard voltage

3 x 60A~
QRO PA GU36B-1
Ua switch
0 1 2
3 4 3 4 3 4
1 2 CUa 1 2 CUa 1 2 CUa
16 15 16 15 16 15
R 14 68E 14 68E 14 68E
13 13 13
12 11 12 11 12 11
S 10 68E 10 68E 10 68E
9 9 9
6 5 6 5 6 5 Ua ready
T 8 68E 8 68E 8 68E
7 7 7

Ua 3 4
0-1-2 1 2 CUa 36kW
3x220V~ 3x3050V~R Ua
ON OFF 60A 16 15 H Ua 7000V
auto 40A 14 68E
R 13 S
60A 12 11
auto 40A 10 68E F 4 1
S 9 T 3 2
60A 6 5
auto 40A 8 68E D E
T 7
1A Ventilator
0 Ia 5A
Ua 10kV
R 250V~

T 250V~
S 250V~

L1
L2
L3
4
5
6
phase detector G R

10
11
12
7
8
9 AC
ready

START.

4 1

3 2
auto 10A
auto 10A
auto 10A

Ua

R1 0 +12V

R D START

S phase A
detector
T B

together b1 and b2 make 5200 m3/h blank, and 985 m3/h accros the tube
3 4 G R
C R1 out
7 8

11 12

15 16
220V~ 6s.SWR reset
92

6G
6R
0
91

PHASE
together b1 and b2 make 76 mm H2O accros the tube

R 6.3A 3x2.2+2.2+0.8AR
1

2 1 SWR OFF 6SO


43mm H2O
2

S
3

6 5 t1 SWR SET S 1.ON


S 6.3A 6SR
4

T 6SI
5

10 9 6SG
1.1kW 2800 rpm 0. +12V phase det. 1R
6

T 6.3A 14 13
1G 2.G1
1. +12V stab. 2R
2100 rpm 0.8A

LED kontrola
2. -Ug1a 2G
3R
t3

3a. Uff 8V~ 3G 3. ff


5u

220V~ 3b. Uff GND 4R


4G
4a. +30V from U G2 board
a

t2 ON 5R
b

4b. to CUa switch 5G 4. Ua


1

7
48mm H2O

5ZΑ

6ZΑ
2

5 3 1 9
3

t2
380V~

5.READY
4
5

+12V
1.1kW 2800 rpm
6

6 4 2 10 CW ZV +12V

Ur

B A

L5G
ANT
SWR
tune load RX out
Φ1.5/15 L70 24t

LPF
Ua 7000V

Coax RLY
LNA
PWR
6x3n3+6x1n 3kV

1k8
Φ2.2/28 L60 11t +31V
1k
OUT
1n 9kV

24V stab
Ug2 1200V

1 2 3 4 5
RX +12V
TX +12V
10n

1n 3kV

1n 3kV

Ud Ur
6 7 8 9 10
2x470p 15kV
Uff 12V~ C ptfe 3nF PWR
(4E 4mA)
8V 130A -Ug1 -190V SWR
GU36-B1
SWR ins
PWR ins

(7.5 - 8V) 12x1N4148 Φ1.5/12 L70 31t 4x120E 2W


S 4A
f
470E

470E
Φ2.5/Φ10
0.5t - L60

+18V

3n3
3n3
400z Fi 0.42

1k5
1k 1n 1 5
380V~ C2
3x3n3
91E5W

68E5W
0.8W dis

10n

6 x Φ 2.7/Fi 30-11t 10/25p


4
10u 1 3 6
0
3
3/10p (5) PWR 20kW SWR 4 5
2 4
0 C1 2 3
2 Iff 200A~ 17p 3.5kV DRIVE TX RX
T 0 (4E 4mA) BK K
1
0
f
10k -Ug1a
Φ 0.4 Φ 0.32 3.81 t/V
240V~ 227V Ug1 2E2 2W
220V~ ~
R 211V +15V TX
-Ug1
100E

250mA
270k

193 V~ g1
0.2A 208V~ TX +12V TX 180V RX 230V
~
0
180E
100k

0
+12V stab 2n2

Ig1 400mA
R
Ug1 300V
13V 2n2
0.4A 17V/11V

83000μ
1A
plava

braon
t4

2100 rpm 0.8A


5u

crna

R 11 1169V
12 1107V P from opto Ua
220V 21
13 1046V
2A 19 984V A N Ug2 1200V
1 14 923V
0 g2 U + 30V
20 861V
0 17 B O +31V
22 0
R C D R Q

h hour
A +18V

Ig2 +/-200mA Ug2 1600V D


Air temp
11 14 1 5V st
R
47n

220V 6 12 19 2 12V st
2k2

B C
16 13
1A 3 15V st
15 18 4 24V st
13 12
7 low voltages 6 10V
14 17
1 11 7 18V
0
2 16 8 21V
09 18 temp 200 C
9 31V
17
5
10
15
20
Ua transformer

HV1 HV2 HV3

R S T

2 1 C B 2 1 C B 2 1 C B
20 t

PRIM SEC
RST ZV U~ U=

B 2454V~ 5986V=
1
A 2758V~ 6727V=

B 2900V~ 7074V=
2
A *3260V~ *7952V=

3 A 3 A 3 A

0
P = 36 kW
Ua

22x100k 5W (1.1W dis)


60 x 1n 3kV 22 x 220u 400V
60 x P600M (338V/el) C1 C
60 x 470k 2W (0.3W dis) A A1 H Ua
10E 200W 6.3A +7450Vpp

3n 3n 3n
19 x 470k 2W (0.37W dis)
21 x 100k 5W (1.1W dis)

R S T
3 x 3050V~

UaR
UaS
UaT
R S T

1n

E
330E

2 x 1N4007

Ua 10kV
1mA 95E 0.095V
500E

3 x ZPY68 (0.2W dis)


2x100k (0.4W dis) .
100k 1 4 F to start UG2
204V
100k

2 3
10n
1n

TLP627
B B1 B2
4 x 1N4007

750E
0.2E 100W
1n

1mA 95E 0.095V


500E

Ia 5A
GND
D
1n
Phase detector

4k7

10k
BZ5 .1 BC177
1 4 470E 10k
4.7k

3x3W 19V~ 1k
4148

R A
5k6

2 3
10u
1u

1k

10k
TLP627
4.7k

green

red
5k6

4k7

10k
BZ5 .2 BC177
T 470E 10k
1u

1 4
4.7k

1k
4148

B
2 3
10u

1k
10k
TLP627
12V
4.7k

2V
1V
0
+12V
21V=

220/16V~ 12V
R1
IN OUT
2200u

GND
0
10u

4x1N4007

9
10
4007

8
.

4148 4011
2
10k 10k 5 12 3
D C R1 OUT 4
6
11
13
1
10k

100u

START BDX53C
Ug1

7xBZY93C24

37E 1mA 37mV


ZX13

Ug1 300V
2n2
2x1N5408
3xBZY93C24
220u 385V

220V~ 227V
~
100k
100k 5W
6n8

05K250 (320/390V)

2x1N5408
4 x 1N4007
270k

~ RX 251V
1k 1k5 Ug1 250mA 2.2E 2W TX 185V
0
-Ug1
1N4007

4 x 1N4007 296V A
180Ε
6n8

2n2

10k -Ug1a
100E
RL1

1N4007

+12V stab
2n2
B 10k
BC107
TX+12V
2n2
10k

Ig1 400mA
4E 4mA 16mV
0 17
220V~ 21

22-
0V

B
20- 861VA
8x1N4007
2 x 0.22E 2W 8x470k

100E

D
C
1n 10x470u 200V
10x100k 2W

200mA
Ig2 +/- 200mA 3n3

S
35E +/- 1mA 0.035V

W
.
U

1N4007
320E 90mA
V

2n2
Ug2

MJE350
4k7

10k

P F1 Ua opto F
O +30V
250mA

8 x 100k 5W (200k 40W)

240k 470k 470k 470k

500k
560E 3n3
osc
g2 1200V

2xV510 K20
N

1n

R
Q

Ug2 1600V
1k7 200uA 0.34V
g2 protection if +Ua failed

3n3 3kV
from Ug2 A
12x1N5408

to Ua B
Low voltages

3x2200u 35V
4xS5VB (6A)6
5V
14 10V
IN OUT
GND
1 5V

1u
19

11
7 12V
Φ1.4 17.8V
8.3V~ 13 IN OUT 2 12V
12 GND
220V~ 16
1u
6 Φ1.4
18
13.9V~
15
13
7 Φ1.4 8 15V
16.5V~ 21.3V
14 12 IN OUT 3 15V
GND
1 1N4007
1N4148

Φ1.4
1u

17
9 24V~
0 2
18
Φ0.3
4.5V~ 9 24V
17 31.5V
11 IN OUT 4 24V
GND
1u

16 5
2200u 50V 10
15
20
Chebyshev LPF, bandwidth 163 MHz, 50 Ohm

29nH 75nH 75nH 29nH


24p

30p

24p
Air temperature

78L12
A
IN OUT
GND
+18V

1u

1u

47n

0 deg 2n2
1k

560Ω
330Ω

470E 750Ω
B 1.2mA 574E C D
220Ω

150Ω
47n

47n

200 deg
2k2

0 - 200 C
PWR SWR

Ur
4n7

1N5711
100Ω

10n
SWR
IN OUT
1N5711

100Ω

PWR
10n

4n7
Ud
PWR SWR

PWR 20kW
1mA

Udir Uref
3n2 3n2 3n2

4n7 4n7

4n7 4n7
100k
10k 10k
100k

100k
approx. 100Hz
24V 2 x BC107
17k

100k 100k
0V
1M

1M
4M7
10k

47n
22n
14
13
12
11
10

14
13
12
11
10
9
8

9
8

+24V
LM324 LM324
0V
approx. 100Hz
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

4n7
100n

1k +24V
4n7

1M
1M

1k 22k +24V 470k 10k


100n
12V
100k 100k
100n

100k
5k6
2k5

10u

47u

0.56v (1.1V max)


+24V SWR COARSE
3n2 3n2

+24V SWR
to 6SI LED cont.

SWR 1mA
Coax relay TX-RX control

4n7 +15V
33E 30V/12V 0.9/0.36A
10u 600E 30/12V 50/20mA
T TX ANT RX RX
IN OUT C RLY step

100k CV R 0.7Hz TX LNA TX


THR Q
to 7 1n
DIS TR 1N4007
V+ GND
4k7 0.7Hz NE555
470k 15V
+23V
4n7 IN OUT
GND 1 3
TX 12V
+18V 4 5
10k

IN OUT 2


BC177 RX GND BK
to LED control 7

+30V
22k 1 2 3 4 5
BC107 to 4
L5Z
4n7
33k

4. to BK3 (+15V on TX)


6 7 8 9 10
5. +30V
6. +18V
7. +15V for LNA
8. and 9. connecting on TX

30V L BD140
A
TX +12V
390E 1W

47k
10k

4x12E F G I J
10n

10k to 8
15V 530E

BD140
RX +12V
D B 47k
4k7 4k7 E H
10k
10n

10k
22k

10k

220μ
4.7u
T

10n

10k
10u

10k

BC107 to 9 3
4 2
6
5x10n
3xBDX53C 5x1N4007 5 1
3k3
K
C
22k

coax relay TX-RX control


T

1u
LED control
+12V 3 08 2 7 08 6

9 08 10 11 08 12

7
6
5
4
3
2
1
10V
LM324
10k

16
V+

V+
1
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
14 08 15 5 08 4 1k SWR reset
10k 6SG

V-
8
6SI 1k
22k 1M

6SR

6SG
to PWR SWR

1n

1k

150k
LM224 pin 1

1k
+12V 22k 4k5

BT149D
SWR

4k3
reset 6SR

1n
6SO

+12V
KC

10μ
0. +12V from phase detector

1n

V+
1
9 06 10 11 06 12

2x1N4006
100k
3x1N4007

1n
+12V 10k
10V

16
V+
7 06 6 1k
10k 1G

100k

V-
8
1. +12V stab ON

5
1n
1k

06
4009

1R

1G
1k
150k
4

1k
5k

BT149D
2k2

1R

1n
1n 2xMJE350
+12V
470k 2W

100k 5W

10V
10k
100k

OK1
1 4 14 06 15 3 06 2 1k
100n

10k 2G
2 3
1n

1k G1

2R

2G
2. -Ug1a TLP627

1k
150k

-180V / -250V

1k
BT149D
2R
1n

10V
10k

+12V 1k
+12V 10k 3G
14

6 1k ff
4
5 05
2xBC182

3R

3G
100k

1k
150k
7
11
100k

1k
2
1
13 05

05
12

3a. Uff 8V~ 10k


3

BT149D
9
8

4007
100μ

05

3R
3k3
1n

1n
10

3b. Uff GND


100k

+12V 100u
T
910k 47u
T
BC177
9 x BC177

10n
555 MOS
V+

THR
CV
DIS
10k

GND
TR

R
Q

2.5 min
T

4μ7

4a. +30V from U, G2 board


10V
10k
100k

+12V
10κ

16
V+

1k 9 02 10 1k
10k 4G
68k

V-
8

BC107
1u

Ua
3n3

1n

1k
11

4R

4G
02

1k

1
150k

4b. CUa switch V+


1k

3 02 2 5 02 4
12

BT149D
4R
1n

+12V
5ZA (QRV)
100k

100k

100k

100k

100k

100k

8 9 12 +12V
10V
14
V+
8

7 10 11 10k
7

SWR 6 11 10
6

5 12 9
4068

Ua
OPEN

13 1k
FF 4 13 5
4

G1 3 14 4 1 10k 5G
3

ON +12V 2 15 3 1k READY
2

V-

phase det 1 16 2
7
1

5R

5G
1k
150k

1k

BT149D
+12V 5R
+10V
1n

10κ

10κ

10κ
8

9 S 13 to L5Z coax relay


14 02 15 D
04
Q
11 CP R Q
12
2

10

3 7 02 6
+10V 1 01 7
6

5 S 1
D
04
Q BC107
10κ

3 CP R Q
2 10κ
4n7
4

8 BDX54C
10
9 01
to SET key
S
10V 1μ
6
01 5

10κ
10k
4

6ZA 1k
10k 6G
1k Ua ready
13
01 12

7 14 10V
10k
6R

6G
11

1k
10k 6R
1k
QRV CW tone signal

+12V from LED control



100k
14

12
1 11
3 13 1
21
reset 1μ
7

6ZА

reset
100k
reset
run 10n start
13
3 12

start
+12V +12V +12V
11
CP1

O4
O8
MR
CP0

O5-9
O9

Q
Q

R
D
S
V+

V+

100k
CP

4017 4013
CP
GND

GND
O7
O3
O5
O1
O0
O2
O6

+12V 1μ
Q
Q

R
D
S

14

8
3

10 19 6
4 15
23

7
5ZА
1

"I" 100k
5
4
10n

22μ

63

8
10
93
100k

speed 25k
4k7

+12V
10k
+12V

+12V
100μ

10n
CP1

CP1
O4
O8

O4
O8
MR
CP0

O5-9
O9

MR
CP0

O5-9
O9
THR
V+

V+

V+
DIS

CV

555 4017 4017


GND

GND

GND
TR

O7
O3

O7
O3
O5
O1
O0
O2
O6

O5
O1
O0
O2
O6
R
Q

10-26 Hz
+12V
2μ2

+12V
buzzer

1N4007

ZV
+12V
14

0.1Ω 5W

8
100k

100k

100k

100k

10 +12V
98 2
3
14
V+
7

4 1
12
"QRV" 11 5
4068

13 8 13 100k IRF540
9
10
6 11
V-
7

4
58 12

2
3 +12V
18
Генераторные лампы ГУ-36Б1

Модель: Генераторные лампы ГУ-36Б1


Цена: 60 500 р.
Поверка: 2 800 р.
Наличие: на складе

Генераторные лампы ГУ-36Б1

Генераторные лампы ГУ-365Б1, ГУ-36-1: Мощный генераторный тетрод для работы в качестве
генератора колебаний и широкополосного усиления высокой частоты на частотах до 250 МГц в
телевизионных передатчиках.

Генераторные лампы ГУ-36Б1, ГУ-36Б-1: Оформление - металлостеклянное, с наружным анодом и


кольцевыми выводами 2-й сетки и катода. Рабочее положение - вертикальное.
Охлаждение - принудительное: анода - воздушное не менее 400 мЧч; ножки - воздушное не
менее 100 м/ч; баллона - воздушное не менее 60 мч.
Масса 2,5 кг.

Генераторные лампы ГУ-36Б1, ГУ-36Б-1: генераторный тетрод - с оксидным катодом косвенного


накала и воздушным охлаждением анода и ножки.

Для проверки электрических параметров генераторных ламп ГУ-23А, ГУ-36Б-1, ГУ-66А, ГУ-68А, ГУ-88А
используют мегаомметр, номиналом не менее 2500 Вольт.

ГУ-36б-1. Масса 11кг.

Обозначение вывода Наименование

А Кольцевой вывод анода

С1 Кольцевой вывод сетки первой

С2 Кольцевой вывод сетки второй

КП Кольцевой вывод катода и подогревателя

П Вывод подогревателя

Лампа ГУ-36Б1 содержит:


палладий – 163,02 мг;
золото – 753,01 мг;
платина – 4,75 мг;
серебро – 2125,2 мг.

Основные параметры
при Uн=8,3 В, Uа=2 кВ, Uc2=750 В, Iа=4 А

Ток накала 120 ± 5 А

Напряжение 1-й сетки отрицательное (при Uа=7 кВ, Uс2=1,2 кВ,


£ 220 В
Iа=0,3 А)
Ток эмиссии катода (при Uа=400 В) ³30 А

Ток анода (при Uc1=0) ³ 4А

83 ± 13 мА/В
Крутизна характеристики
(85 ± 10 для ГУ-36Б)
Коэффициент усиления 1-й сетки относительно 2-й сетки (при Uс2=500 и 750
10 ± 3
В)

Колебательная мощность (на частоте 250 МГц и полосе 8 МГц) ³ 10 кВт

Междуэлектродные емкости, пФ:

входная 150

выходная £24 (23 для ГУ-36Б)

проходная 0,6

Долговечность ³ 2000 (1000 для ГУ36Б) ч

Предельные эксплуатационные данные

Напряжение накала на частотах до 50 МГц 8,3 В

Напряжение накала на частотах свыше 50 МГц 8В

Ток накала пусковой 210 А

Напряжение анода на частотах 100 - 250 МГц 7 кВ

Напряжение анода на частотах до 100 МГц 8 кВ

Напряжение 2-й сетки 1,1 к В (1,25 для ГУ-36Б)

Напряжение 1-й сетки отрицательное 400 В

Мощность, рассеиваемая анодом 15 кВт (14 для ГУ-36Б)

Мощность, рассеиваемая 2-й сеткой 300 Вт

Мощность, рассеиваемая 1-й сеткой 150 Вт

Рабочая частота 250 МГц

Температура анода 250 С

Температура ножки и спаев керамики с металлом 175 С

Рабочая температура окружающей среды до 60 С


LY1DQ ham radio resources LY1DQ@mrtv.lt

TETRODE GU-36B-1
The GU-36B-1 power tetrode is used for wide-band power amplification at frequencies up to 250 MHz in
stationary general-purpose RF equipment.

GENERAL

Cathode: directly heated, carbonized thoriated tungsten.


Envelope: metal-ceramic with ring leads.
Cooling: forced air.
Height: at most 300 mm.
Diameter: at most 184 mm. CONNECTION OF
ELECTRODES WITH LEADS

Mass: at most 11 kg.

OPERATING ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

Ambient temperature, °C -10 to +55


Relative humidity at up to +25 °C, % 98

BASIC DATA Electrical Parameters

Filament voltage (AC or DC), V 8.3


Filament current, A 110-130
Mutual conductance (at anode voltage 2 kV,
grid 2 voltage 750 V, anode currents 4 and 6 A), mA/V, at least 70-96
Gain coefficient (at anode voltage 2 kV, grid 2 voltages
750 and 500 V, anode current 4 A) 7-13
Anode current (at anode voltage 2 kV, grid 2
voltage 9000 V) A, at least 5
Negative cutoff voltage (at anode voltage 7 kV, grid 2
voltage 1200 V, anode current 0.3 A), absolute value, V, at most 220
Interelectrode capacitance, pF:
input, at most 155
output, at most 24
transfer, at most 0.8
Output power (at frequencies up to 250 MHz, anode voltage
at least 6 kV, grid 2 voltage 900 V, bandwidth 8 MHz), kW, at least 10

Limit Operating Values

Filament voltage (AC or DC), V:


at up to 50 MHz 8.3
at above 50 MHz 8.0
Filament starting current, A 210
Anode voltage (DC), kV:
at up to 100 MHz 8
at 100-250 MHz 7
Grid 2 voltage (DC), V 1100
Negative grid 1 voltage (instantaneous value), absolute value, V 400
Dissipation, W:
anode 15.103
grid 1 150
grid 2 300
Operating frequency, MHz 250
Temperature, °C:
anode 250
stem and ceramic-to-metal seals 175

Created by LY3NML
LY1DQ ham radio resources LY1DQ@mrtv.lt

Averaged Anode-Grid Characteristic Curves: Averaged Grid 1 Characteristic Curves: Averaged Grid 2 Characteristic Curves:
U1 = 8.3 V, Ug2 = 1.2 kV U1 = 8.3 V, Ug2 = 1.2 kV U1 = 8.3 V, Ug2 = 1.2 kV

Created by LY3NML